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Carbon Steel Sheets and Plates

Chemistry (General) Common Name


Mild Ste e l, CQ Comme rcial Q uality

Mechanical Properties
Si max
N/A

AS TM S pec.
A569

C max
.15

Mn max
.60

P max
.030

S max
.035

Tensile S trength ksi


52 *

Yield S trength ksi


30 to 50

Elong. In 2
25% min.

Brinell *
108

Typical Applications
T his material is intended for parts where bending, moderate forming or drawing, and welding may be involved. Used for tanks, barrels, farm implements, etc. Used in riveted, bolted, or welded construction of bridges and buildings, and for general structural purposes. Used when higher strength, savings in weight, improved formability and weldability are important. Often used in heavy equipment, truck frames and components. Used for the same reasons as grade 50 material, with an even better strength to weight ratio. Often used in truck frames, crane booms, and rail cars. Same basic properties as other HSLA steels with added resistance to corrosion. Often used in bridges or structures where maintenance cost considerations are important. Nearly 3 times as strong as A36. Used as liners for construction equipment, mining machinery, chutes, wear plates, etc. Primarily used for liners of refuse trucks, cement mixers, mining equipment etc.

A36, Structural Q uality

A36

.25*

.80 1.20*

.040

.050

.40

58 to 80

36 min.

23% min.

119 to 159

Grade 50, HSLA, High Stre ngth Low Alloy

A572 A607 A715 A936

.23 .23 .15 .15

1.35 1.35 1.65 1.65

.040 .040 .020 .025

.050 .040 .025 .035

.400 N/A N/A N/A

65 65 60 60

min min min min

50 50 50 50

min min min min

21% 22% 24% 22%

135 min.

Grade 80, HSLA, High Stre ngth Low Alloy

A656 A715 A936

.18 .15 .15

1.65 1.65 1.65

.025 .020 .025

.035 .025 .035

.600 N/A N/A

90 min 90 min 90 min

80 min 80 min 80 min

15% 18% 12%

190 min.

Cor-te n, HSLA corrosion re sistant

A588 B A606

.20 .22

1.35 1.25

.04 N/A

.05 .04

.50 N/A

70 min 70 min

50 min 50 min

21% 22%

147 min.

T-1, Construction Alloys

A514 B

.12 .21

.70 1.00

.035

.035

.20 .35

110 to 130

100 min

18%

228 min.

AR200, ARTN Abrasion Re sistant

N/A

.32 to .36

.90 to 1.30

.35

.05

.04

90 min

15%

185 to 235

Approximate value s

59

Grade 50 Comparisons

Chemistry (General)
AS TM S pec.
A570

Mechanical Properties
Si max
N/A

AS TM S pec.

C max
.25

Mn max
1.35

P max
.035

S max
.040

Tensile S trength ksi


65 min

Yield S trength ksi


50 min.

Elong. In 2
17%

Brinell *

Min. Bend Radius


2T

A572

A607 Class 1

A935 Type 1

Structural Ste e l, She e t and Strip, Carbon, Hot Rolle d High Stre ngth LowAlloy ColumbiumVanadium Structural Ste e l Ste e l She e t and Strip, High Stre ngth, Low-Alloy Columbium or Vanadium, or Both, Hot-Rolle d and Cold-Rolle d Ste e l She e t and Strip, He avy Thickne ss Coils, High Stre ngth, LowAlly, Columbium or Vanadium, or Both, Hot Rolle d

.23

1.35

.040

.050

.400

65 min

50 min

21%

135 min.

2t

.23

1.35

.040

.040

N/A

65 min

50 min

20%

2t

.23

1.50

.040

.040

N/A

65 min

50 min

20

2t

Improved Formability Below


A656 Type 3 Hot-Rolle d Structural Ste e l, High Stre ngth LowAlloy Plate with Improve d Formability Ste e l, She e t and Strip, High Stre ngth, Low-Alloy, Hot Rolle d, C old Rolle d with Improve d Formability Ste e l, She e t and Strip, He avy Thickne ss Coils, High Stre ngth, LowAlloy, Hot Rolle d, with Improve d Formability .18 1.65 .025 .035 .600 60 min 50 min 23% 1t

A715

.15

1.65

.020

.025

N/A

60 min.

50 min.

24%

1t

A936

.15

1.65

.025

.035

N/A

60 min

50 min.

22%

1t

60

AR-400 T his steel is heat treated to produce a high strength, high hardness product with a Brinell Hardness range of 360 to 440.

Recommended Fabricating Practices for Cold Forming (Bend axis transverse (perpendicular) to rolling direction across the grain)*
Suggested inside Radii for 90 degree bends for various thicknesses expressed in terms of t where t = material thickness

S teel
A36 36,000 psi Minimum Yie ld Stre ngth T hru .250 1t .250 to .500 1 t .500 to 1.00 2t Grade 50 50,000 psi Minimum Yie ld Stre ngth (ASTM - A570, A572, A607, and A935)

T hru .187 .187 thru .229 .187 thru .500

1 t 2t 2 t

Grade 50 - Improve d Formability 50,000 psi Minimum Yie ld Stre ngth (ASTM - A656 T3, A715, and A936) T hru .500 1t Grade 80 80,000 psi Minimum Yie ld Stre ngth (ASTM A656) T hru .250 2 t Over .250 3t AR200 - 70,000 psi Typical Yie ld Stre ngth (No ASTM e xists) T hru .187 1 t .187 thru .229 2t .187 thru .500 2 t T1 100,000 psi Minimum Yie ld Stre ngth (ASTM A514 Gr B) T hru .250 2t .250 to .500 2 t .500 to 1.00 3t AR400 155,000 psi Typical Yie ld Stre ngth (No ASTM e xists) T hru .787 3t (use 13.5t bottom die opening) Over .787 4t (use 18t bottom die opening)

Aluminum
3003 - H14 T hru .062 Over .062to .188 Over .188 to .250 Over .250 to .500 t 1t 1t 2t

5052 H32 T hru .062 1t Over .062thru .375 1 t Over .375 to .500 2t 6061 T6 T hru .031 1t Over .031 thru .062 1 t Over .062 thru .125 2 t

* Larger minimum radii should be used for bending parallel to the rolling direction with the grain. ** T he radii listed are the minimum recommended for bending sheets and plates without fracturing in a standard press brake with air bend dies. Other types of bending operations may require larger radii or permit smaller radii. T he minimum permissible radii will also vary with the design and condition of the tooling. *** Before bending, special attention should be paid to the condition of the plate edges transverse to the bend lines. Flame cut edges of hardenable steels should be machined or softened by heat treatment. Nicks should be ground out and sharp corners should be rounded.