Technical Product Information

Spring wire for applications with high performance demands

Suzuki Garphyttan has produced wire since 1906. Since 1927 the main product is oiltempered valve spring wire for the automotive industry. During the years others specialty wires such as stainless round wire, flatrolled and shaped wire in carbon, low alloyed and stainless material, have been added to the product program. We have acquired extensive knowledge and experience of steel grades, efficient manufacturing and quality control which is crucial to the properties of the finished product. Large resources are invested in research concerning improved properties of our products and improved manufacturing processes, enabling Suzuki Garphyttan to be world leader in the manufacturing of spring wire.
The main focus is spring wire for combustion engines (valve and transmission springs, piston rings, compression rings, fuel injection springs) and other automotive applications.

Coiling properties Defect free surfaces, narrow dimensional and tensile strength tolerances are important in achieving the best properties for spring coiling. Each wire is continuously controlled during the entire manufacturing – from wire rod to the finished product – according to a specific control plan. Certified quality Suzuki Garphyttan has a Quality Management System certified according to the International Standard for Quality ISO TS 16949. Our main wire rod suppliers also have Quality Management Systems certified by a third party according to ISO 9001 as a minimum and are also regularly audited by Suzuki Garphyttan. Technical support We are prepared to assist you in utilizing modern materials for maximum performance. For us it is obvious and necessary to be at the front, to serve our customers, discussing problems and areas for development in existing as well as new products. Environmental awareness Our goal is to manufacture high quality products without any negative effects on the environment. We are continuously improving our manufacturing processes to improve both internal and external environment. Before new investments are made, special consideration is given to environmental solutions. We are certified according to ISO 14001. For more information regarding different elements in our products we recommend the database IMDS ”International Material Data System” where each element is named with a separate CAS-No. See the following Internet address: www.mdsystem.com.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions, technical data, etc) without prior notice.

dimensions.Specialty steel spring wire for applications with high performance requirements Oil tempered spring wire March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. . etc) without prior notice. technical data.

025 0. KD oil tempered clutch and transmission spring wire For use in clutch springs of different types with various performance demands. Chemical composition.53 2. STATO is available in different types of steel demanding ultimate tensile strength.020 0. Oil tempered wire is also manufactured with egg or elliptical cross sections. dimensions.025 0.67 0.020 0. STATO oil tempered spring wire An oil tempered wire grade used for springs subjected to static stress or moderate fatigue.70 0. JIS OTEVA® 90 SC OTEVA® 75 SC OTEVA® 70 SC 70 KD STATO 70 – VDSiCrV VDSiCr TDSiCr FDSiCr – – 142090-05 142090-05 142090-05 – – A 877 A 401 A 401 – – 2803 685A55HD 2803 685A55ND 2803 685A55HS – – JIS G 3561 SWOSC-V – JIS G 3568 SWOSC-B March 2011 This information is subject to change (design.30 – – – – Nearest equivalent standards Our grades EN 10270-2 SIS ASTM B.15 – – – 0.High quality oil tempered wire Stress distribution in transversal section comparing round (picture to the right) and egg shaped (picture to the left) wire respectively. Our valve spring wire grades differ from each other in terms of chemical. Cr V Ni OTEVA® 90 SC OTEVA® 75 SC OTEVA® 70 SC 70 KD STATO 70 0.).53 0. S max.10 0.85 0.67 0.47 0.70 0.53 0.025 0.S.47 1.00 1. OTEVA® oil tempered valve spring wire For valve springs in combustion engines as well as for transmission and crankshaft damper springs subjected to extreme fatigue. approximate values in % Our grades C Si Mn P max.47 1.025 0. and relaxation properties comparable to the OTEVA® grades.020 0. Profiled cross sections give the advantage of optimum distribution of stresses in a spring (see fig.020 0.60 0.70 0.67 0. mechanical and technical properties as well as required surface finish with regard to surface depth and decarburization levels. etc) without prior notice.47 1. excellent coiling characteristics and good relaxation properties. Good coiling characteristics make STATO an excellent alternative to cold drawn spring wire.95 0.020 0. technical data.67 0. . KD is an oil tempered wire with good dynamical characteristics.020 0. OTEVA® grades cover different demands of high performance in tensile strength and fatigue life.70 0.60 0.

The different levels of EC-testing are indicated in the steel grade designations in the table below. 60 = Defect depth levels in µm S = Shaved Suzuki Garphyttan uses the most advanced Eddy Current testing equipment available on the market.00 mm. technical data. Experience from many years of surface testing in efficient continuous testing lines is a guarantee for high quality spring wire.Eddy Current continuous surface testing Eddy Current testing is carried out on material with high demands on surface quality.20 – 6. March 2011 This information is subject to change (design.20 – 6.00 mm.00 up to 6. Grades indicated with (*) refer to material outside the size range 2.20 mm can be agreed upon. Steel grade designations OTEVA® 90 SC RD40 S OTEVA® 75 SC RD40 S OTEVA® 70 SC RD40 S OTEVA® 70 SC S OTEVA® 70 SC 70 KD R60 70 KD STATO 70 SC R RD = Super Clean = Circograph tested = Circograph + Defectomat tested (*) (*) (*) (*) 40. Continuous testing of surface defects is performed as standard in sizes from 2. Other sizes from 2. or grades not requiring EC-testing. dimensions. EC-testing is performed in Circograph and Defectomat equipment. . etc) without prior notice.

00 – 3. RU0021 and RU0022 has VCI plastic cover.50 – 2.50 – 14. Coils separately wrapped with paper .50 – 10. March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. oversea transport.00 – 3.on carrier (RM-codes) Coils separately wrapped with paper .50 – 14. Standard packing alternatives (others can be delivered on special request): Plastic and metal spool covered with paper .in wooden boxes (RM-codes) Wire sizes 6.80 – 2.Delivery forms Oil tempered spring wire Delivery forms Wire sizes mm Spool/Coil diameter Inner Outer diam. technical data.10 – 2.10 1.00 – 6.50 Coils/Carrier No 5 > 6. kg 0.on carrier (RU-codes) oversea transport.00 0.80 – 2.00 Coils** * RU0014. dimensions.00 Coils/Wooden Box 2.50 0.00 Coils/Carrier No 3 2.on carrier (RU-codes) Coil covered with VCI plastic hood .00 mm in coils in unshaved condition subcontracted. Packaging materials used are only those which can be recycled.50 – 1.50 0. mm max.on EUR-pallet (S-codes) Coil covered with plastic hood . such as paper and polyethylene. Packing The packings for the different delivery forms can be seen in the next page.50 Plastic spool Metal spool Coils/Carrier No 1 Coils/Carrier No 2 Coils/Wooden Box S4610 S6520 RU0004 RM0004 RM0021 RM0024 RM0025 RM0006 RU0006 RU0019 RU0021* RM0021 RM0022 RM0023 RU0011 RU0020 RU0022* RU0012 RU0014* 314 400 450 450 450 450 450 720 720 720 720 720 720 720 1070 1070 1070 1070 1070 1350 460 700 700 700 700 700 700 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1650 40 125/ 250 250 170 170 170 170 225 450 450 450 225 225 225 900 900 900 1800 1800 500 80/ 80/ 80/ 80/ 2. ** Sizes > 6.00 – 4. min.00 mm is subcontracted and the sales is organized from our German office. . diam.00 Coils/Carrier No 4 > 3. etc) without prior notice. mm Coil/Spool weight Type Code abt.

kg Carrier 1 Carrier 2 Carrier 3 RU0004 RM0004 RM0006 RU0006 RU0019 RU0021 RM0011 RU0011 RU0020 RU0022 RU0012 RU0014 800 800 800 800 800 800 1160 1160 1160 1160 1160 1160 1200 1000 1200 1000 1200 1200 1200 1200 1530 1530 1530 1530 900 900 900 900 960 960 960 960 420 540 720 720 720 720 1070 1070 1070 1070 17 17 18 18 18 18 31 31 31 31 42 42 700 300 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1800 1800 Carrier 4 Carrier 5 1530 1200 1070 1530 1200 1070 Spools Colour: black/green Type Delivery form Size. Max. March 2011 This information is subject to change (design.50 mm is usually carried out in boxes No. 1 – 3. dimensions. Wooden boxes Boxes for coils Type Delivery form Code Outer size.50 mm in boxes No. mm Code A B C D E Tara weight abt. 4 – 5. mm A B C D Tara weight abt.8 26 40 275 Delivery form Code Size. kg Weight abt. kg Plastic Metal EUR-pallet Spools Type S4610 460 S6520 695 105 314 319 400 91 270 305 33 1. mm Width Length Height Tara weight abt. weight abt. Coils with wire sizes < 2. mm Width Length Height Tara weight abt. kg Max weight abt. technical data. kg Spool weight abt. kg Coil weight abt. kg Box 1 RM0021 Box 2 RM0022 Box 3 RM0023 Box 4 RM0024 Box 5 RM0025 1110 1110 1110 800 800 1150 1150 1150 850 850 1000 620 430 940 580 78 57 48 52 36 225/450 1000 225/450 225/450 80/170 80/170 500 250 500 250 Packing of wrapped coils with wire sizes > 2. etc) without prior notice. weight 1000 kg. kg Max. kg 1 2 3 4 SP6520 SP4611 SP4612 SP4613 800 800 800 800 1200 1200 1200 1200 150 340 540 740 26 34 42 50 275 40 40 40 750 500 750 1000 Packing of plastic and metal spools on EUR-pallet. .Delivery forms Oil tempered spring wire Carriers Surface: galvanized Type Delivery form Code Size. kg Weight abt. 1.

20 – 0.20 >3. is maximum half the tolerance range.60 – 6.20 . % Cr % V % Ni % 0.50 >2. the springs should be hot preset or stress relieved. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire axis. % S max. No complete decarburization allowed. of area min. 15 µm in surface area. e. E and G modulus Modulus of elasticity.00 >4. The proof stress will rise above 0. % Torsions l=300 mm.030 0.020 0. Other wire sizes on request. March 2011 This information is subject to change (design.00 mm).80 – 2. Delivery forms See separate sheet. In order to reach optimum fatigue and relaxation properties.05 0. Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability.00 mm the wire is tested continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level of > 40 microns. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization and surface defects. i.020 0. OTEVA® 90 SC Oil tempered SiCrV+Ni-alloyed high tensile valve spring wire for surface nitriding Manufactured as standard in sizes from 2. the springs should be stress relieved.00 mm Ø in shaved condition.2 is min.00 >5.60 >5.00 mm to 6.OTEVA® 90 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel. The tensile strength Rm 2 within one coil does not vary more than 50 N/mm . this temperature may be decreased. technical data.40 4) Physical properties Size range mm 1) Tolerance ± mm 2) Tensile strength 2 N/mm 3) Reduct.50 – 0.70 1. it is likely to find occasional inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than 15µm. End sample test The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of the material structure.8 x tensile strength of the wire.50 mm to 6.50 – 3. 2. Hot presetting After shot peening. Yield point The proof stress Rp0. Non-metallic inclusions The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki Garphyttan method (or alternative max. revs.020 0. Chemical composition C % Si % Mn % P max.9 x tensile strength after stress relieving the springs. Other wire sizes on request. .5% x wire diameter.20 0. etc) without prior notice. 0.00 – 5. Decarburization and surface defect depths Max.020 0. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section. surface Max.035 2180 – 2280 2130 – 2230 2080 – 2180 2030 – 2130 1980 – 2080 1980 – 2080 45 45 45 45 40 40 5 5 4 3 3 3 Other wire sizes on request.15 0. * IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers Association Heat treatment As soon as possible after coiling. We also produce OTEVA® 90 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2. Ovality. Inclusion size.20 – 4. As stated by IVSWMA*. Depending on nitriding temperature used later in the valve spring manufacturing process.6.025 0. T-method).5 kN/mm2 Our critera for releasing wire rod material for valve spring wire are the following. min. the springs must be preset at an appropriate stress.025 0. G: About 206 kN/mm2 About 79.05 – 0.00 – 5.00 – 2. number of inclusions 5–10 50 > 10–15 7 >15 µm 0 Surface condition Non-destructive testing In the standard size range 2. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.00 0. E: Modulus of shear. 0. For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. OTEVA® 90 SC is especially intended for the manufacture of valve springs and other springs requiring extremely high fatigue properties and good relaxation properties at increased working temperatures.00 1) 2) 3) 4) 0.70 – 1.85 – 1. dimensions. Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.

8 mm Gas nitriding 450-470°C 5-20 hours Min. Relaxation and fatigue properties In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are illustrated in a Goodman-diagram. size of shots 0.) 2 6 N/mm Number of cycles: 25 x 10 Initial stress Tau (corr. For further technical support. nitrided/not nitrided springs.85 mm 6 450 ±5 °C (840 ±10 °F) min. for 20 minutes.Fatigue properties as nitrided/not nitrided.OTEVA® 90 SC Oil tempered SiCrV+Ni-alloyed high tensile valve spring wire for surface nitriding Soft shot peening Before the nitriding process a soft shot peening process shall be applied in order to remove the oxide layer on the spring wire surface. 800 Hv Min. Nitriding Springs of OTEVA® 90 SC should be nitrided to obtain optimum fatigue and relaxation properties. March 2011 This information is subject to change (design.25 mm min. 420 °C (790 ±10 °F) for nitriding 30 minutes 20-30 m/s 5 min 0. Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly critical. 250°C) 10 minutes 2 Final stress Tau (corr. etc) without prior notice.) N/mm 2 Loss of load. it is important to use a shot peening media with high hardness. dimensions. size of shots 0. please contact Suzuki Garphyttan. Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests (specially designed test spring) Diagrams 1 and 2: Wire diameter Spring index Stress relieving Temperature Ø 3. Time Soft shot peened Speed Time Shot size Nitriding Temperature Time Aim for surface hardness Aim for core hardness Compound (white) layer Shot peening (double shot peening for nitrided springs) 1st treatment 2nd treatment Hardness of shot-peening grit (shot) Aim for Almen arc-height Hot presetting (theoretically set) Temperature Time Speed 56 m/sec. technical data.) 2 N/mm Nitrided Not nitireded Time of test: 24 h Initial stress Tau (corr. 560 Hv Max.Relaxation properties. For nitrided springs with an extremely hard surface zone. Our recommendation is gas nitriding. 1 µm. 800 Hv 0. Size of shots should be adapted to wire dimension. nitrided/not nitrided. based on a special test spring design. Shot peening In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties. . the process time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. for 10 minutes.6 mm Speed 30 m/sec. Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of load) of springs made from OTEVA® 90 SC wire subjected to static compression at different temperatures. pitch and shot peening equipment. Diagram 2 . % Diagram 1 .55-0.60 mm 1500 N/mm (nitrided springs) 2 1300 N/mm (not nitrided springs) 200°C (max.

0. min.020 0.030 0.9 x tensile strength of the wire. 4) 2. For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. % S max. Manufactured as standard in sizes from 2.00 0. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks. technical data.20 >3.025 0.00 mm Ø in shaved condition. E: Modulus of shear.50 – 1.035 2110 – 2210 2060 – 2160 2010 – 2110 1960 – 2060 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 45 45 45 45 40 40 5 5 4 3 3 3 Other wire sizes on request.00 mm).20 – 1.60 >5. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section. 0.20 Physical properties Size range mm 1) Tolerance ± mm 2) Tensile strength 2 N/mm 3) Reduct. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire axis. Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265. We also produce OTEVA® 75 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2. * IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers Association Delivery forms See separate sheet.00 mm to 6. Inclusion size. The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more 2 than 50 N/mm .20 .020 0. e.20 – 4. i. March 2011 This information is subject to change (design.60 – 6. T-method). Other wire sizes on request. it is likely to find occasional inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than 15µm. Decarburization and surface defect depths Max. dimensions.020 0. revs. No complete decarburization allowed.020 0.00 >5. Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability.00 >4.80 0. 15 µm in surface area. Yield point The proof stress Rp0. G: About 206 kN/mm2 About 79. of area min.00 – 2. As stated by IVSWMA*. surface Max.025 0. E and G modulus Modulus of elasticity.00 – 5.50 >2. Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring wire are the following.6.00 mm the wire is tested continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level of > 40 microns.70 1. % Torsions l=300 mm. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization and surface defects.2 is min. % Cr % V % OTEVA® 75 SC Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed high tensile valve spring wire 0.50 – 0.OTEVA® 75 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel.00 1) 2) 3) 4) 0.5 kN/mm2 Non-metallic inclusions The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki Garphyttan method (or alternative max.5% x wire diameter. End sample test The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of the material structure. . etc) without prior notice.50 mm to 6.05 – 0. is maximum half the tolerance range. Chemical composition C % Si % Mn % P max.50 – 0. OTEVA® 75 SC is especially intended for the manufacture of valve springs and other springs requiring high fatigue properties and good relaxation properties at moderately increased working temperatures.50 – 3.65 0.00 – 5. number of inclusions 5–10 50 > 10–15 7 >15 µm 0 Surface condition Non-destructive testing In the standard size range 2. Ovality.

In order to reach optimum fatigue and relaxation properties.Relaxation properties March 2011 This information is subject to change (design.45 mm 1300 N/mm 2 200°C (max. Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests (specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2: Wire diameter Spring index Stress relieving Temperature Time Shot peening (double shot peening) 1st treatment 2nd treatment Hardness of Shot-peening grit (shot): Aim for Almen arc-height Hot presetting (theoretically set) Temperature Time Ø 4. technical data. the springs should be hot preset or stress relieved. Size of shots should be adapted to wire dimension. For further technical support. Hot presetting After shot peening. Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly critical. Shot peening In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties. dimensions. pitch and shot peening equipment. for 20 minutes. for 10 minutes.) 2 N/mm Time of test: 24 h Initial stress Tau (corr. .8 mm 610-670 Hv Min 0. the springs should be stress relieved.) N/mm 2 Loss of load. Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of load) of springs made from OTEVA® 75 SC wire subjected to static compression at different temperatures. size of shots 0.) 2 N/mm Number of cycles: 25 x 10 6 Initial stress Tau (corr. based on a special test spring design. % Diagram 1 . the process time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment.00 mm 6 420 ±5°C (790 ±10 °F) 30 minutes Speed 56 m/sec. etc) without prior notice.8 mm Speed 30 m/sec.OTEVA® 75 SC Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed high tensile valve spring wire Heat treatment As soon as possible after coiling. size of shots 0. Relaxation and fatigue properties In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are illustrated in a Goodman-diagram.Fatigue properties Diagram 2 . the springs must be preset at an appropriate stress. please contact Suzuki Garphyttan. 250°C) 10 minutes Final stress Tau (corr.

End sample test The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of the material structure.60 – 2.020 0.025 0. i.00 – 5.50 mm to 6. For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max.00 mm).2 is min. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks. Decarburization and surface defect depths Max. We are also producing OTEVA® 70 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2. Yield point The proof stress Rp0.30 – 1. 5–10 50 >10–15 7 >15 µm 0 As stated by IVSWMA*.20 – 3.010 0.020 0.70 – 0. .50 – 0. 0.00 mm in unshaved condition subcontracted).9 x tensile strength of the wire. dimensions. The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki Garphyttan method (or alternative max.50 mm) on request. OTEVA® 70 SC is especially intended for the manufacture of valve springs and other springs requiring high fatigue properties and good relaxation properties at moderately increased working temperature. is maximum half the tolerance range.00 >2.50 – 0.80 >0. surface Max.40 >1. it is likely to find occasional inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than 15µm.00 >3. T-method). The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more 2 than 50 N/Mm . E and G modulus Modulus of elasticity. Chemical composition C % Si % Mn % P max % S max % Cr % 0.70 mm to 6. Other wire sizes on request.020 0.50 – 5. revs.020 0.025 0. * IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers Association March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. min. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire axis. Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability.40 – 1.030 0.00 – 3.60 >5. of area min.60 0.80 – 1. % Torsions l=300 mm.6.60 >1. In shaved condition 0. e. G: About 79.50 >2. etc) without prior notice.50 mm Ø in shaved or unshaved condition (6. Inclusion size.50 1) 2) 3) 4) 0. OTEVA® 70 SC Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed valve spring wire The wire is manufactured in sizes from 0.60 – 6. Ovality.80 0.50 >4.0% x wire diameter. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization and surface defects.OTEVA® 70 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel.20 . the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section. 15 µm in surface area.80 Tolerance ± mm 2) Tensile strength N/mm2 3) Reduct.5% x d.50 – 0.015 0. Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.015 0.035 2080 – 2210 2080 – 2210 2080 – 2210 2080 – 2210 2010 – 2160 1960 – 2060 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 1860 – 1960 1810 – 1910 1810 – 1910 1760 – 1860 – 50 50 50 50 50 50 45 45 45 45 40 40 6 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 Smaller wire sizes (from 0.50 – 14.50 – 3.20 – 1. E: About 206 kN/mm2 2 Modulus of shear.50 – 4.60 Physical properties Size range mm 1) 1. 1.30 >1. Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring wire are the following.20 >3. number of incl.025 0.00 >5.020 0. No complete decarburization allowed.020 0. technical data.50 >3.5 kN/mm Surface condition Non-destructive testing In the standard size range 2. 4) 0.020 0.00 mm the wire is tested continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level of > 40 microns.00 – 2.

Relaxation and fatigue properties In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are illustrated in a Goodman-diagram.Fatigue properties Diagram 2 . size of shots 0.Relaxation properties March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. please contact Suzuki Garphyttan. Hot presetting After shot peening. Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests (specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2: Wire diameter Spring index Stress relieving Temperature Time Shot peening Hardness of Shot-peening grit (shot): Aim for Almen arc-height Hot presetting (theoretically set) Temperature Time Ø 4.) 2 N/mm Number of cycles: 25 x 10 6 Initial stress Tau (corr. pitch and shot peening equipment.OTEVA® 70 SC Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed valve spring wire Delivery forms See separate sheet. technical data.40-0. the process time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. etc) without prior notice. Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of load) of springs made from OTEVA® 70 SC wire subjected to static compression at different temperatures. the springs should be hot preset or stress relieved.) 2 N/mm Time of test: 24 h Initial stress Tau (corr. Size of shots should be adapted to wire dimension. 250°C) 10 minutes Final stress Tau (corr. Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly critical. % Diagram 1 . dimensions. the springs must be preset at an appropriate stress.) N/mm 2 Loss of load. For further technical support. Heat treatment As soon as possible after coiling.45 mm 1200 N/mm 2 200°C (max.00 mm 6 420 ±5°C (790 ±10 °F) 30 minutes Speed 48 m/sec. In order to reach optimum fatigue and relaxation properties. for 20 minutes. .8 mm 610-670 Hv Min. Shot peening In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties. 0. the springs should be stress relieved. based on a special test spring design.

20 .00 0. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization and surface defects. End sample test The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of the material structure.00 1) 2) 3) 4) 0. Ovality. Yield point The proof stress Rp0. dimensions.00 mm the wire is tested continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level of > 40 microns.50 – 0. We also produce OTEVA 76 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2. revs.020 0. For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.20 0.20 >3.035 2110 – 2210 2060 – 2160 2010 – 2110 1960 – 2060 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 45 45 45 45 40 40 5 5 4 3 3 3 Other wire sizes on request.00 mm to 6.025 0. 15 µm in surface area. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.50 – 0. No complete decarburization allowed. % Torsions l=300 mm. G: About 206 kN/mm About 79. % Cr % V % Ni % 0.025 0.90 0. Other wire sizes on request. As stated by IVSWMA*. surface Max.9 x tensile strength of the wire.00 >4. E: Modulus of shear. Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability.50 Physical properties Size range mm 1) Tolerance ± mm 2) Tensile strength 2 N/mm 3) Reduct.20 – 1. etc) without prior notice. Manufactured as standard in sizes from 2. Inclusion size. 0.50 mm to 6. .5 kN/mm2 2 Non-metallic inclusions The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki Garphyttan method (or alternative max.OTEVA 76 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel. min.60 – 6.020 0.50 – 1.00 – 5.50 – 3.65 0.2 is min.50 >2. Decarburization and surface defect depths Max.5% x wire diameter.60 >5. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire axis.6.15 – 0. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section. number of inclusions 5–10 50 > 10–15 7 >15 µm 0 Surface condition Non-destructive testing In the standard size range 2. OTEVA 76 SC is especially intended for the manufacture of valve springs and other springs requiring high fatigue properties and good relaxation properties at moderately increased working temperatures.00 mm Ø in shaved condition. The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more 2 than 50 N/mm . it is likely to find occasional inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than 15µm.020 0. technical data. * IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers Association Delivery forms Please contact site: South Bend USA or Suzhou China March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. 0.030 0. of area min.00 – 5. 4) 2. % S max. T-method). Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring wire are the following. i.70 1.00 mm). OTEVA® 76 SC Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed high tensile valve spring wire Only manufactured in USA and China Chemical composition C % Si % Mn % P max. e.05 – 0.00 >5. E and G modulus Modulus of elasticity. is maximum half the tolerance range.020 0.00 – 2.20 – 4.

technical data.) N/mm 2 Loss of load. Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly critical. size of shots 0. size of shots 0.Fatigue properties Diagram 2 . Size of shots should be adapted to wire dimension. Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of load) of springs made from OTEVA 76 SC wire subjected to static compression at different temperatures. In order to reach optimum fatigue and relaxation properties. dimensions.OTEVA® 76 SC Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed high tensile valve spring wire Heat treatment As soon as possible after coiling. . etc) without prior notice. the springs should be hot preset or stress relieved. pitch and shot peening equipment. % Diagram 1 . the springs must be preset at an appropriate stress.8 mm 610-670 Hv Min 0. the springs should be stress relieved. the process time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. for 10 minutes. Hot presetting After shot peening. based on a special test spring design.Relaxation properties March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. for 20 minutes. please contact Suzuki Garphyttan. 250°C) 10 minutes Final stress Tau (corr. Shot peening In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties.) 2 N/mm Number of cycles: 25 x 10 6 Initial stress Tau (corr. For further technical support.8 mm Speed 30 m/sec.00 mm 6 420 ±5°C (790 ±10 °F) 30 minutes Speed 56 m/sec. Relaxation and fatigue properties In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are illustrated in a Goodman-diagram. Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests (specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2: Wire diameter Spring index Stress relieving Temperature Time Shot peening (double shot peening) 1st treatment 2nd treatment Hardness of Shot-peening grit (shot): Aim for Almen arc-height Hot presetting (theoretically set) Temperature Time Ø 4.) 2 N/mm Time of test: 24 h Initial stress Tau (corr.45 mm 1300 N/mm 2 200°C (max.

00 – 5. Decarburization and surface defect depths Max.025 0. In shaved condition 0.20 >3. etc) without prior notice.20 – 1.50 – 4. surface Max.50 1) 2) 3) 4) 0. Other wire sizes on request. No complete decarburization allowed.80 – 2.020 0. Ovality.00 mm).50 mm Ø in shaved condition We are also producing SWOSC-V in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2.020 0. of area min. SWOSC-V is especially intended for the manufacture of valve springs and other springs requiring high fatigue properties and good relaxation properties at moderately increased working temperature. 1. 5–10 50 >10–15 7 >15 µm 0 As stated by IVSWMA*.60 0.9 x tensile strength of the wire.2 is min. T-method).80 0.020 0.50 – 0.00 mm the wire is tested continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level of > 40 microns.025 0.20 . .60 >5.50 – 0.6.60 – 6.5% x d.50 – 5.00 mm to 6. Chemical composition C % Si % Mn % P max % S max % Cr % 0. e. The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more 2 than 50 N/Mm . End sample test The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of the material structure. % Torsions l=300 mm.60 Physical properties Size range mm 1) 1. min. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization and surface defects. Inclusion size.20 – 3.50 – 3. revs. The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki Garphyttan method (or alternative max.50 >3. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.00 – 2. is maximum half the tolerance range. E and G modulus Modulus of elasticity. * IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers Association March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. it is likely to find occasional inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than 15µm. SWOSC-V Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed valve spring wire Only manufactured in China The wire is manufactured in sizes from 2. Yield point The proof stress Rp0. Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.50 >4. i.50 mm to 6.00 >3. 15 µm in surface area.00 >2.030 0. 4) 1. number of incl.00 >5.020 0.0% x wire diameter.50 – 0.025 0. 0.035 2010 – 2160 1960 – 2060 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 1860 – 1960 1810 – 1910 1810 – 1910 1760 – 1860 50 50 50 45 45 45 45 40 40 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 Smaller wire sizes (from 0. G: About 79.50 >2. technical data.5 kN/mm Surface condition Non-destructive testing In the standard size range 2. Torsion test is carried out for assesing deformability. For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section.020 0. Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring wire are the following.50 mm) on request. E: About 206 kN/mm2 2 Modulus of shear.80 Tolerance ± mm 2) Tensile strength N/mm2 3) Reduct.025 0.SWOSC-V is a Super Clean (SC) steel. dimensions. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire axis.00 – 3.

Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly critical. 200°C (max. 250°C) 10 minutes Final stress Tau (corr.SWOSC-V Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed valve spring wire Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests (specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2: Wire diameter Spring index Stress relieving Temperature Time Shot peening Hardness of Shot-peening grit (shot): Aim for Almen arc-height Hot presetting (theoretically set) Temperature Time Ø 4. the process time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. Shot peening In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties. the springs should be hot preset or stress relieved. Size of shots should be adapted to wire dimension.40-0. dimensions.8 mm 610-670 Hv Min.) 2 N/mm Number of cycles: 25 x 10 6 Initial stress Tau (corr. size of shots 0.Fatigue properties Diagram 2 .00 mm 6 420 ±5°C (790 ±10 °F) 30 minutes Speed 48 m/sec. . please contact Suzuki Garphyttan.) N/mm 2 Loss of load. 0. based on a special test spring design. % Diagram 1 . Hot presetting After shot peening.45 mm 1200 N/mm 2 Delivery forms Please contact site: Suzhou China Heat treatment As soon as possible after coiling. pitch and shot peening equipment.Relaxation properties March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. In order to reach optimum fatigue and relaxation properties. the springs must be preset at an appropriate stress. etc) without prior notice. for 20 minutes. the springs should be stress relieved.) 2 N/mm Time of test: 24 h Initial stress Tau (corr. technical data. Relaxation and fatigue properties In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are illustrated in a Goodman-diagram. Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of load) of springs made from SWOSC-V wire subjected to static compression at different temperatures. For further technical support.

70 – 0. Decarburization and surface defect depths Max.20 – 3.3% x wire diameter. Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly critical. the springs should be stress relieved.020 0.70 to 6.60 – 2.035 2080 – 2210 2080 – 2210 2080 – 2210 2080 – 2210 2010 – 2160 1960 – 2060 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 1910 – 2010 1860 – 1960 1810 – 1910 1810 – 1910 1760 – 1860 – 50 50 50 50 50 50 45 45 45 45 40 40 6 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 Smaller wire sizes (from 0. Heat treatment As soon as possible after coiling.70 KD is especially intended for the manufacture of clutch and transmission springs and similar moderately high fatigue stressed springs.20 >3.80 >0.010 0. Corresponding standard: ASTM E-45-A. pitch and shot peening equipment. The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more 2 than 60 N/mm . Yield point The proof stress Rp0.60 >5.2 is min. etc) without prior notice.50 – 0.40 – 1. i.025 0.50 – 3.50 mm) on request. revs. In order to reach optimum fatigue and relaxation properties.015 0.50 – 4. of area l=300 mm.025 0.00 >3. The material has good relaxation properties.80 Physical properties Torsions Size range mm 1) 4) Tolerance ± mm 2) Tensile strength N/mm2 3) Reduct. Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability. dimensions. March 2011 Non-metallic inclusions Max. the process time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. Other wire sizes on request. 1.025 0.50 – 5.80 – 1.020 0. Ovality. Chemical composition C % Si % Mn % P max % S max % 70 KD Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed clutch and transmission spring wire Cr % 0.025 0.50 1) 2) 3) 4) 0. technical data.015 0. 0. % min.50 >4. Delivery forms See separate sheet.20 . The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.60 0. the springs must be preset at an appropriate stress.6.00 >2.40 >1. is maximum half the tolerance range. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section.30 >1.030 0.60 >1. . level 2 according to DIN 50602-M.50 >2. E: About 206 kN/mm2 Modulus of shear.50 >3. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire axis.50 – 0.60 – 6.020 0.00 – 3. min. G: About 79.5 kN/mm2 Surface condition Non-destructive testing In the standard size range 2. the springs should be hot preset or stress relieved.020 0. Shot peening In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties.00 mm the wire is tested continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level of > 60 microns.9 x tensile strength of the wire.020 0. No complete decarburization allowed.30 – 1. E and G modulus Modulus of elasticity. This information is subject to change (design.50 mm Ø. 0. e.50 – 0. Hot presetting After shot peening.20 – 1. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization and surface defects. Size of shots should be adapted to wire dimension. End sample test The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of the material structure.00 – 2. Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.020 0. The wire is manufactured in sizes from 0.60 1.00 – 5.00 >5.80 0.

00 >1. Decarburization and surface defect depths Max.70 – 0.5% x wire diameter.00 – 4.025 0. Hot presetting After shot peening. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization and surface defects. the springs should be stress relieved.50 >3.60 >5.80 0.70 – 3. i.80 >0.50 mm Ø.60 Physical properties Size range1) mm 1.50 – 2.035 0.00 >2.025 0. The material has good relaxation properties. level 2 according to DIN 50602-M.030 0.20 – 1.025 0. The wire is manufactured in sizes from 0. About 206 kN/mm2 About 79.040 2100 – 2250 2100 – 2250 2100 – 2250 2060 – 2210 2010 – 2160 1970 – 2120 1910 – 2060 1910 – 2060 1910 – 2060 1870 – 2020 1870 – 2020 1830 – 1980 1830 – 1980 1780 – 1930 – 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 45 45 45 45 40 40 Smaller wire sizes (from 0.00 – 1.70 mm to 6.020 0.5 kN/mm2.00 – 3.2 is min. Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.60 >1. etc) without prior notice.40 – 1.020 0. technical data.030 0. The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more 2 than 70 N/mm . Ovality.025 0.010 0. e. No complete decarburization allowed.80 Tolerance2) ± mm Tensile strength 2 N/mm 3) Reduct of area min.015 0. Non-metallic inclusions Max. G: Surface condition End sample test The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of the material structure.80 – 1.60 – 2.00 >4.60 – 6. Size of shots should be adapted to wire dimension.035 0. Corresponding standard: ASTM E-45-A.60 0. the springs should be hot preset or stress relieved.025 0. March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. E and G modulus Modulus of elasticity.50 – 0.00 – 5.70 >2.030 0.50 >2.50 – 0. Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly critical. pitch and shot peening equipment. % 0. Delivery forms See separate sheet.00 – 2. In order to reach optimum fatigue and relaxation properties. 1.40 >1.50 – 5. Chemical composition C % Si % Mn % P max % S max % STATO 70 Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed spring wire Cr % 0. E: Modulus of shear. Shot peening In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties.50 – 4. Yield point The proof stress Rp0. is maximum half the tolerance range.00 >3. .STATO 70 is especially intended for the manufacture of springs exposed to static or moderately high fatigue stresses.50 mm) on request. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section.50 – 0. the springs must be preset at an appropriate stress. the process time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment.50 >4. Heat treatment As soon as possible after coiling. dimensions.50 1) 2) 3) 0.00 >5.035 0. 0.9 x tensile strength of the wire.

SerbiaMontenegro. 4404 Nimtz Parkway South Bend. No 6 Longpu Road SIP. Austria. Slovakia and Slovenia AWS STAHLHANDEL GESELLSCHAFT MBH Feldgasse 2 AT-3422 Hadersfeld Austria Tel +43 2242 5330 Fax+43 2242 5333-30 e-mail aws@aws. Czech Republic. Suzhou 215126 P.co. technical data. Romania.com Sales Offices China Suzuki Garphyttan (Suzhou) Co.CEP 04617-000 .com China Suzuki Garphyttan (Suzhou) Co.cn@sg-wire.br. Building B.Sao Paulo .com. Macedonia. Koami New B/D 13-6. vendas@ubrasteel. Bulgaria.suzuki-garphyttan. West Midlands England Tel +44 121 733 3010 Fax +44 121 733 3360 e-mail info@stride-supplies.uk Korea JOIL STEEL Co 8F.us@sg-wire.aws.cn@sg-wire. Yoido-Dong Youngdeungpo-Ku Seoul Korea Tel +82-2-761-2028 Fax +82-2-761-2029 e-mail joilstl@kornet.net Brazil UBRASTEEL TRADING LTDA Rua Vieira de Morais. Ltd.de Sweden Suzuki Garphyttan AB Bruksvägen 3 SE-719 80 Garphyttan Sweden Tel +46 (0)19 295 100 Fax +46 (0)19 295 101 e-mail info.co. dimensions.com www.Addresses Production Sites Sweden Suzuki Garphyttan AB Bruksvägen 3 SE-719 80 Garphyttan Sweden Tel +46 (0)19 295 100 Fax +46 (0)19 295 101 e-mail info.conj 92 .de@sg-wire. Croatia.se@sg-wire.br Great Britain STRIDE SUPPLIES LTD Monkspath Business Park Highland Road GB-B90 4NZ Solihull.us@sg-wire.com Germany Suzuki Garphyttan GmbH Postfach 102541 DE-40016 Düsseldorf Germany Tel +49 (0)211/92304-0 Fax +49 (0)211/92304-40 e-mail info.com March 2011 This information is subject to change (design. Suzhou 215126 P. ole.com France Tel +33 1 39 60 74 63 e-mail info. Sales Representatives/Distributors/Re-sellers Albania. Luxembourg and Netherlands JOOP H BECKER HANDELSONDERNEMING Schaaksport 142 NL-9728 PG Groningen Netherlands Tel +31 651 345 233 Fax+31 505 278 515 e-mail jodecke@attglobal.com USA Suzuki Garphyttan Corp.br. Ltd.com .co.suzuki-garphyttan.com www.com.franco@bohler-uddeholm.at Belgium. etc) without prior notice.at www. IN 46628 USA Tel +1 574 232 8800 Fax +1 574 232 2565 e-mail info. Bosnia-Herzegovina. 420 . China Tel +86 512 8885 5360 Fax +86 512 8885 5366 e-mail info. Hungary.fr@sg-wire.R.com.se@sg-wire.suzuki-garphyttan.R. 4404 Nimtz Parkway South Bend. IN 46628 USA Tel +1 574 232 8800 Fax +1 574 232 2565 e-mail info.net Spain BÖHLER UDDEHOLM IBERICA S A C/ Guifré 686-692 ES-08918 Badalona (Barcelona) Spain Tel +34 93 460 99 07 Fax +34 93 460 99 10 e-mail alberto. No 6 Longpu Road SIP.bergh@ubrasteel.com USA Suzuki Garphyttan Corp.SP Brazil Tel +55 11 5536 9540 Fax +55 11 5093 1131 e-mail info@ubrasteel.Campo Belo BR . China Tel +86 512 8885 5360 Fax +86 512 8885 5366 e-mail info. Building B.com www.