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Conventionally, wireless controlled robots user circuits, which have a drawback of limited working range, limited frequency range and limited control. Use of mobile phones for robotic control can overcome these limitations. It provides the advantages of robust control, working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider, no interference with other controllers and up to twelve controls.Although, the apperanceand capabilities of robot vary vastly, all robots share the feature of a mechanical, movables structure under some form of control. The control of robot involves three distent phases: perception, processing, action. Generally, the preceptors are sensors mounted on the robot, processing is done by the on board microcontroller and the task is performed using motors or with some other actuators. In the project the robot is controlled by a mobile phone that makes a call to the mobile phone attached to the robot. In the course of a call, if any button is pressed a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end called „Dual Tone Multiple frequency‟ (DTMF) tone. The robot receives these tones with help of phone stacked in the robot. The received tone is processed by the microcontroller with the help of DTMF decoder ic cm8870 .these ic sends a signals to the the motor driver ic l293d which derives the motor forward,revarse…etc
One of the key technologies which underpin this field is that of remote vehicle control. Although the appearance and capabilities of robots vary vastly. A remote control vehicle is defined as any mobile device that is controlled by a means that does not restrict its motion with an origin external to the device. A remote control vehicle (Also called as RCV) differs from a robot in that the RCV is always controlled by a human and takes no positive action autonomously. Use of a mobile phone for robotic control can overcome these limitations. This is often a radio control device. or an infrared controller. movable structure under some form of control. The term is used frequently to refer to the control of model vehicles from a hand-held radio transmitter. so the motive is that to increase the range of remote controlled products. The control of robot involves three distinct phases: reception. Industrial. Interface SPYROBO Cell phone as Cell phone as a Transmitter a Receiver 1.1 MOTIVATION AND PROPOSAL: Conventionally. cable between control and vehicle.INTRODUCTION Radio control (often abbreviated to R/C or simply RC) is the use of radio signals to remotely control a device. wireless-controlled robots use RF circuits. It is vital that a vehicle should be capable of proceeding accurately to a target area. It provides the advantages of robust control. maneuvering within that area to fulfill its mission and returning equally accurately and safely to base. all robots share the features of a mechanical.for this mobile phone operated control is best because we can globalize our project & no limitation of range. the preceptors are sensors mounted on the robot. military. no interference with other controllers and up to twelve controls. processing is done by the on-board microcontroller or processor. . which have the drawbacks of limited working range. and the task (action) is performed using motors or with some other actuators. working range as large as the coverage area of the service provider. We proposed this project to the Electronics & Communication Department so as to give a new direction to the above topic and to globalize the use of land rover with very less noise interference. and scientific research organizations make [traffic] use of radio-controlled vehicles as well. Generally. limited frequency range and limited control. processing and action.
1°C in still air. LDR here used is to detect light if the is insufficient light it can detect and switch on the led Sensors The sensors are the main part of this project . LM35CA.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this project is to sence the temperature variations as well to detect light. The LM35 is rated to operate over a -55° to +150°C temperature range. and precise inherent calibration make interfacing to readout or control circuitry especially easy. or with plus and minus supplies.1. linear output. whose output voltage is linearly proportional to the Celsius (Centigrade) temperature.Here LM 35 when detects the temperature above a particular threshold it becomes active and send feedback signal which is connected to the a buzzer via microcontroller. LM35 and LDR(Light Dependent Resistor). The LM35 does not require any external calibration or trimming to provide typical accuracies of ±¼°C at room temperature and ±¾°C over a full -55 to +150°C temperature range. while the LM35C is rated for a -40° to +110°C range (-10° with improved accuracy). the various sensor used in this project are 1. The LM35D is also available in an 8-lead surface mount small outline package and a plastic TO-220 package.e. and LM35D are also available in the plastic TO-92 transistor package. As it draws only 60 µA from its supply. . it has very low selfheating. The LM35 thus has an advantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated in ° Kelvin. Simultaneously the sound of this buzzer is detected by microphone and which the receiver would be able to hear that sound. It can be used with single power supplies. The LM35 series is available packaged in hermetic TO-46 transistor packages. as the user is not required to subtract a large constant voltage from its output to obtain convenient Centigrade scaling. The LM35's low output impedance. while the LM35C. Low cost is assured by trimming and calibration at the wafer level. LM 35 The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit temperature sensors. For this we have used two different kinds of sensors that are temperature sensor i. less than 0.
Extrinsic devices have impurities. also called dopants. e.. longer wavelengths and lower frequencies) are sufficient to trigger the device.g. This is an example of an extrinsic semiconductor. thereby loweringresistance. .2. LDR – A photoresistor or light dependent resistor (LDR) is a resistor whose resistance decreases with increasing incident light intensity. lower energy photons (i. In intrinsic devices the only available electrons are in the valence band. there will be extra electrons available for conduction. added whose ground state energy is closer to the conduction band. since the electrons do not have as far to jump.A photoresistor is made of a high resistance semiconductor. If a sample of silicon has some of its atoms replaced by phosphorus atoms (impurities).e. An intrinsic semiconductor has its own charge carriers and is not an efficient semiconductor. If light falling on the device is of high enough frequency. silicon. photons absorbed by the semiconductor give bound electrons enough energy to jump into the conduction band. The resulting free electron (and its hole partner) conduct electricity. A photoelectric device can be either intrinsic or extrinsic. and hence the photon must have enough energy to excite the electron across the entire bandgap. It can also be referred to as a photoconductor.
Simultaneously the sound of this buzzer is detected by microphone and which the receiver would be able to hear that sound.Extra features of the project:- Here LM 35 when detects the temperature above a particular threshold it becomes active and send feedback signal which is connected to the a buzzer via microcontroller. .
Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) Dual-tone multi-frequency (DTMF) signaling is used for telecommunication signaling over analog telephone lines in the voice-frequency band between telephone handsets and other communications devices and the switching center. DTMF tones were also used by cable television broadcasters to indicate the start and stop times of local commercial insertion points during station breaks for the benefit of cable companies.Other multifrequency systems are used for signaling internal to the telephone network. and loud DTMF tone sequences could be heard during the commercial breaks of cable channels in the United States and elsewhere. Until better out-ofband signaling equipment was developed in the1990s.1984).TECHNOLOGY USED 1.The version of DTMF used for telephone tone dialing is known by the trademarked term Touch-Tone (canceled March 13.and is standardized byITU-T Recommendation Q. Example: . unacknowledged. It is also known in the UK as MF4.23. fast.As a method of in-band signaling.
The original keypads had levers inside. although the original DTMF keypad had an additional column for four nowdefunct menu selector keys.2. Telephone Keypad The contemporary keypad is laid out in a 3x4 grid. so each button activated two contacts. When used to dial a telephone number. These tones are then decoded by the switching center to determine which key was pressed. For example. A DTMF Telephone Keypad . pressing a single key will produce a pitch consisting of two simultaneous pure tone sinusoidal frequencies. The multiple tones are the reason for calling the system multifrequency. and the column determines the high frequency. The row in which the key appears determines the low frequency. pressing the “1” key will result in a sound composed of both a 697 and a 1209 hertz (Hz) tone.
DTMF Keypad Frequencies (With Sound Clips) 1209 Hz 697 Hz 770 Hz 852 Hz 941 Hz 1336 Hz 1477 Hz 1633 Hz 1 4 7 * 2 5 8 0 3 6 9 # A B C D DTMF Event Frequencies Event Busy Signal Low Freq. 480 Hz 350 Hz 440 Hz 620 Hz 440 Hz 480 Hz Dial Tone Ringback Tone(US) . High Freq.
it acts as a DTMF generator with tone pending upon key pressed. The U. In the end. first block is the Cell Phone.S.. and Priority (D).Tones #. The levels of priorityavailable were Flash Override (A). and it was many years before these keys became widely used for vertical service codes such as *67 in the United States and Canada to suppress caller ID. the lettered keys were dropped from most phones. DESCRIPTION As shown in the above block diagram.e. So. DTMF Decoder . C and D. The concept used for driving is „Differential Drive‟. B. *. relabeled. The controller is programmed such that appropriate output is given to Motor Driver IC L293D whichwill drive the two DC Motors connected to it. Here they were used before dialing the phone in order to give some calls priority. B. according to the key pressed on the key pad of the cell . and surveyed a number of companies to see what they would need for this role. with Flash Override being the highest priority.i. A. Immediate (C). IC CM8870 decodes the received tone & gives binary equivalent of it to the crocontroller. cutting in over existing calls if need be.This led to the addition ofthe numbersign (#. Flash (B). sometimes called "octothorpe" in this context) and asterisk or ‟star‟ (*) keys aswell as a group of keys for menu selection: A. C. military also used the letters. The idea was to allow important traffic to get through every time. ultimately the two motors rotate phone. in their now defunct Autovon phone system. and D The engineers had envisioned phones being used to access computers. So.
Pin Diagram .
than to send a human inside the affected area to. The robot can be equipped with a Methane gas sensor and warn the presence of said gas. this robotic arm can safely go. The collected samples from the surface are then transported back to the space shuttle. from where other chemical tests are conducted. • In Bio Hazardous Areas: In areas where the probability of a chemical accident is more. either search and rescue a person or for surveillance purposes. without exposing humans to the danger. • In Coal Mines: In coal mines it is quite natural that Methane gas leaks occurs. Cleaning bio hazardous debris is also one important activity in which the robotic arm can play a significant role. • In Space Explorations as Land Rover: Recent Chandryaan moon mission employs such robotic arms (a complete version of the robot).Application The applications of the Robotic Arm can broadly be classified in two categories. The arm can also be equipped with a fire extinguisher to put off the fire. NASA also has used such robots in its survey of Mars. to survey the geographical and chemical composition of the surface of the Moon. like in a laboratory or in a factory. . detect and diffuse the bomb instead of a human being risking his life. • Bomb Detection: In the likely event of a bomb alert. and results relayed back to Earth. • Fire Mishaps: In the event of a fire accident it is better to send the robot. the robotic arm can be equipped with certain chemicals to stop the adverse diffusion/reaction of the chemicals.
and thus it becomes very light weight. No heavy motors are employed in the making of the robot. The level of sophistication is quite low and hence its working is user friendly. Since this robot is highly flexible adding components to facilitate application specific working yields a robot that has high use in vast areas. This project can also be subjected to standardization and hence has a good future scope. . this is highly feasible. Since all we need is a mobile call establishment to instruct the robot due to the cell phone‟s unending and cheap availability.Conclusion The advantages explained earlier in this chapter justify the significance of a mobile based robotic arm. The signals received at the robot‟s mobile is decoded with DTMF decoder which is easy to use. The application areas are also vast with the simplest of modifications.
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