Biology Chapter 33 Test
Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. For the following questions, match the descriptions with the correct phylum below. Each choice may be used once, more than once, or not at all. A. B. C. D. E. Cnidaria Annelida Mollusca Arthropoda Echinodermata

1. protostomes that have an open circulatory system and an exoskeleton of chitin a. A b. B c. C d. D e. E 2. protostomes that have a closed circulatory system and obvious segmentation a. A b. B c. C d. D e. E 3. deuterostomes that have an endoskeleton a. A b. B c. C 4. a diploblastic phylum of aquatic predators a. A b. B c. C

d. D

e. E

d. D

e. E

5. Although a diverse group, all cnidarians are characterized by a. a gastrovascular cavity. b. an alternation between a medusa and a polyp stage. c. some degree of cephalization. d. muscle tissue of mesodermal origin. e. the complete absence of asexual reproduction. 6. Which of the following combinations of phylum and description is incorrect? a. Echinodermata-bilateral and radial symmetry, coelom from archenteron b. Nematoda-roundworms, pseudocoelomate c. Cnidaria-radial symmetry, polyp and medusa body forms d. Platyhelminthes-flatworms, gastrovascular cavity, acoelomate e. Porifera-gastrovascular cavity, coelom present 7. The larvae of many common tapeworms affecting humans are usually found a. encysted in human muscle. b. encysted in the muscle of an animal such as a cow or pig. c. in the abdominal blood vessels of humans. d. in the human brain. e. in the intestines of cows and pigs. 8. Which of these characteristics is common to both snails and earthworms?

c. b. a closed circulatory system segmentation two tissue layers an alimentary system with two openings an exoskeleton 9. collar cell coelom porocyte 11. e. They have no true tissues. a medusa stage. caterpillar. a polyp stage. c. blastopore gastrovascular cavity protostome c. segmentation c. a life cycle stage that is resistant to desiccation. 10. e. While working in your garden. d. B and C 15. a relatively large size. All of the following characterize the phylum Rotifera except a. b. a complete digestive tract. d. b. Food is digested within a gastrovascular cavity. Closer examination will probably reveal that this animal has a. b. d. a digestive system with separate mouth and anus d. d. a pseudocoelom. c. They have an open circulatory system. a crown of cilia at the anterior end that resembles a wheel. choanocyte mesohyl spongocoel d. b. a cuticle made of chitin 12. . c. A and C e. The animal is probably a a. millipede. centipede. parthenogenic reproduction. They are segmented animals. Which of the following is not found in annelids? a. porocyte choanocyte mesohyl e. e. c. Water movement through a sponge would follow what path? a. d. Which of these statements is true of sponges? a. no antennae. b. e. polychaete worm. antennae.a. chelicerae. a closed circulatory system e. porocyte spongocoel osculum b. sow bug. e. They are pseudocoelomates. segmented animal with two pairs of jointed legs per segment. a hydrostatic skeleton b. You find a small animal with eight legs crawling up your bedroom wall. a gastrovascular cavity. 13. 14. you discover a worm-like. d. All of the following are characteristics of the phylum Cnidaria except a. c. cnidocytes.

16. exoskeleton e. a lophophore 17. A b. They can extend the stomach through their mouth to feed. class Crinoidea (sea lilies and feather stars) class Asteroidea (sea stars) class Ophiuroidea (brittle stars) class Echinoidea (sea urchins and sand dollars) class Holothuroidea (sea cucumbers) 18. A b. B c. C d. more than once. A. or not at all. D e. E. E d. flexible arms. What are the cells in a sponge that are primarily responsible for trapping food particles from circulating water? a. C. B c. A b. a. spiral cleavage during early embryonic development c. choanocytes e. would account most directly for the shape of the plot? a. D. C e. mesohyl cells Match the descriptions with the correct echinoderm class from the list below. D e. a. Which of these factors. pore cells (porocytes) b. They are elongated in the oral-aboral axis. They have distinct central disks and long. a. amoebocytes d. D 19. B c. E 21. when used to label the horizontal axis of the graph in the figure below. Which of the following is a characteristic of adult echinoderms? a. epidermal cells c. Each choice may be used once. E 20. spongin concentration (gm/unit volume) b. secondary radial symmetry b. C d. gastrovascular cavity d. rate of cribrostatin synthesis (molecules/ unit time) . B.

D 26. C e. 30. a pseudocoelom. Among the invertebrates. d. D e. Cnidaria d. b. B. B c. open circulation. C. spicules e. E 27. a cuticle. D e. E d. or not at all. d. number of choanocytes per sponge 22. a ventral nerve cord. E. Mollusca c. Bivalvia Match the descriptions to the correct annelid class(es) from the list below. bilateral symmetry. spongocoels c. A b. Gastropoda d. Each choice may be used once. C d. A and B only b. e. A b. Platyhelminthes e. b. A. number of spicules per sponge e. A b. an open circulatory system. A c. e. more than once. Which of the following are not associated with sponges? a. Polyplacophora e. A radula is present in members of which class(es)? a. amoebocytes 28.c. some members release an anticoagulate that is of medical significance a. 29. Arthropoda b. cnidocytes d. B c. C d. D. E 25. arthropods are unique in possessing a. D e. Porifera . Which phylum is characterized by animals that have a segmented body? a. E b. wings. number of amoebocytes per sponge d. segmented bodies. An arthropod has all the following characteristics except a. A. c. have segmented bodies a. Oligochaeta Polychaeta Hirudinea two of the above all of the above 23. three embryonic germ layers. C d. and C c. protostome development. c. have parapodia a. oscula b. B c. B. B 24. make castings that are agriculturally important a.

for sensory reception. e. are primarily filter feeders. Turbellaria b. b. b. c. at a larval stage. pseudocoelom b. have either or both of two body forms: mobile polyps and sessile medusae. While snorkeling. presence of sex organs in the adult. e. d. The student is observing an animal belonging to which class? a. 38. eating undercooked beef. Which of the following is not a characteristic of most members of the phylum Annelida? a. Cestoda d. crustaceans. A lophophore is used by ectoprocts. c. C. 37. but not in earlier life stages c. may use a gastrovascular cavity as a hydrostatic skeleton. and D e. 35. but not in earlier life stages b. jellies d. insects. having sexual contact with an infected partner. for feeding. Polyplacophora 33. and brachiopods a. Gastropoda d. and C 36. The possession of two pairs of antennae is a characteristic of a. metanephridia 39. are the simplest organisms with a complete alimentary canal (two openings). but a pair of large. well-developed eyes is evident. being bitten by tsetse flies. e. as a skeletal system. only A and B e. Which of the following is a correct statement about members of the phylum Cnidaria? They a. Segmentation is not observed. Corals are most closely related to which group? a. inhaling the eggs of worms. closed circulatory system c. Monogenea 34. B. radically different appearance between adults and earlier life stages d. b. eating undercooked pork. a student observes an active marine animal that has a series of muscular tentacles bearing suckers associated with its head. presence of wings in the adult. d. spiders. phoronids. freshwater hydras e. for locomotion. e. sponges b. Bivalvia c. . centipedes. What distinguishes complete metamorphosis from incomplete metamorphosis in insects? a. Polychaeta b. millipedes. hydrostatic skeleton d. c. d. Trematoda c. members of which flatworm class are nonparasitic? a. Cephalopoda e. segmentation e. A. sea anemones 32. Generally. barnacles c. A. are not capable of locomotion because they lack true muscle tissue. c. d.31. Humans most frequently acquire trichinosis by a. b.

d. Turbellaria d. Polyplacophora b. Which molluscan class includes chitons? a. a mantle. tracheal system 43. A land snail. and gas exchange. Hydrozoa d. Horseshoe crabs are surviving marine members. c. b. and spiders. e. To which class do they probably belong? a. a clam. Anthozoa 44. bilateral symmetry b.40. Which of the following is not true of the cheliceriforms? a. segmentation d. 42. Gastropoda e. gills. Hirudinea 47. Which class of the phylum Cnidaria includes "jellies" with rounded (as opposed to box-like) medusae? a. functions in locomotion. The members of which class of the phylum Cnidaria occur only as polyps? a. Cephalopoda d. e. both C and D 45. 41. All molluscan classes have this characteristic. The water vascular system of echinoderms a. In a small stream. They have antennae. Their anterior appendages are modified as pincers or fangs. Monogenea c. Cubozoa . e. even though the adult animal has radial anatomy. is bilateral in organization. c. Which molluscan class includes members that undergo embryonic torsion? a. d. both B and D c. Cestoda b. 46. scorpions. embryonic torsion. Which of the following characteristics is probably most responsible for the incredible diversification of insects on land? a. a radula. is analogous to the gastrovascular cavity of flatworms. b. Trematoda e. antennae e. Scyphozoa e. flight c. Their body is divided into a cephalothorax and an abdomen. You decide that they belong to the phylum Platyhelminthes. Gastropoda e. flattened worms crawling on its undersurface. Polyplacophora b. d. feeding. functions as a circulatory system that distributes nutrients to body cells. Cephalopoda d. Hydrozoa d. Cubozoa b. They include ticks. moves water through the animal's body during suspension feeding. distinct cephalization. c. Bivalvia c. Bivalvia c. you pick up a rock and observe many small. and an octopus all share a. b. 48.

Polyplacophora e. Mollusca. presence of segmentation. two tissue layers b. c. Scyphozoa c. Crustacea. c. a brain 51. a digestive system with separate mouth and anus. All of the following animal groups include terrestrial life forms except a. Which of these is a characteristic of sea stars? a. Echinodermata. number of embryonic tissue layers. . presence of an alimentary canal. 55. Bivalvia 53. nephridia e. 50. e. b. b. While sampling marine plankton in a lab. d. c. d. a distinct head. She rears some of the eggs in the laboratory for further study and finds that the blastopore becomes the mouth. Nematoda 54. b. d. d. A shared derived characteristic for members of the arthropod subgroup that includes spiders would be the presence of a. All of the following can be used to distinguish a nematode worm from an annelid worm except a. a cuticle. annelid. Both A and C are referred to as "jellies. a closed circulatory system d. e. arthropod. two hinged shells. Platyhelminthes d. number of muscle layers in the body wall. e.b. suspension feeding. echinoderm. The heartworms that can accumulate within the heart of dogs and other mammals have a pseudocoelom. b. Cephalopoda b. Arthropoda c. a cephalothorax. Annelida c. 56. The embryo develops into a trochophore larva and eventually has a coelom. 52. c. Gastropoda d. nematode. b. c. a student encounters large numbers of fertilized eggs. Annelida. These eggs probably belonged to a(n) a. e. Arthropoda. A terrestrial mollusc without a shell belongs to which class? a. d. and an outer covering that is occasionally shed. Anthozoa e. an exoskeleton. Arthropoda e. an open circulatory system." 49. Phoronida b. To which phylum does the heartworm belong? a. mollusc. e. tube feet c. a lophophore. A brachiopod can be distinguished from a bivalve by the presence of a. an alimentary canal. type of body cavity. chelicerae.

Porifera d. A. Tube feet provide motility in most species. Which characteristic is shared by both cnidarians and flatworms? a. Only A and B are true. B. both A and D 60. a digestive system with a single opening e. A radially symmetrical animal that has two embryonic tissue layers belongs to which phylum? a. and C are true. Echinodermata c. tapeworms e. flame cells c. d. What is true of echinoderms? a. blood flukes b. rotifers c. e. Infection with which parasite would cause elasticity in human skeletal muscles? a. c.57. copepods 59. b. dorsoventrally flattened bodies b. They have an endoskeleton of hard calcareous plates. radial symmetry d. Cnidaria e. 58. trichinella worms d. They have a pseudocoelom. Platyhelminthes . Nematoda b.

7. 31. 34. 4. 38. 10.P. 41. 9. 33. 36.A. 13. 27. 26. 20. 2. 39. 29. 32. 37. 22. 21. 12. 11. 40. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: D B E A A E B D A A E E E E C A B C E B E D E B C A C C D D C B A E C D B D C A B . 17. 23. Biology Chapter 33 Test Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. 18. 16. 6. 28. 35. 8. 15. 5. 19. 3. 30. 25. 14. 24.

ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: E C A A C D B A E C A C D C C D A D B . 59. 43. 56. 45. 60.42. 49. 50. 46. 51. 57. 52. 44. 58. 53. 48. 55. 54. 47.

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