Performance and constraints of horizontal completion (Project summary

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Abstract
There are a number of completion practices in use nowadays; each suitable within their constraints. The purpose of this study is to accentuate the scope of these in-situ practices; especially horizontal well when compared with a vertical well. Various applications of horizontal wells from primary recovery to EOR application will be discussed with some exapmles. A horizontal well can produce oil at a rate two to six times than an un-stimulated vertical well, assuming the same pressure drawdown. The well-productivity improvements depend on reservoir height, horizontal-well length and reservoir anisotropy. Horizontal wells also reduce the gas and water conning tendencies. The method used to analyze the well performance will be discussed. A productivity analysis using Pipesim software will also be discussed to define if the well was damaged or had a small producing length. The results for different cases of vertical and horizontal wells using ECLPSE® will be compared. Depending upon the problem and considering feasibility and cost effectiveness, a corrective action will be designed to improve well productivity. Horizontal wells have been used in: a) thin pay zone, b) naturally fractured reservoir, c) formations with gas and water conning problems, d) heavy oil reservoirs, e) gas reservoirs, and f) EOR (water flood applications, miscible floods and thermal oil recovery). The key parameters for their success are: a) fracture intensity, b) hydrocarbon pay zone thickness, c) well spacing, d) vertical permeability, e) formation damage, f) geological control and g) multi-well prospect.

Introduction
The understanding of horizontal well and their application will be discussed. The performance comparison of different cases of vertical and horizontal wells will be performed using ECLIPSE® and other software. The sensitivity analysis will be covered. The results will be tinted and suggestions will be pointed. The overall set up (parameters) will be discussed favoring horizontal completions.

Literature survey
The following books and Papers will be sifted. 1) Horizontal well technology by S.D Joshi

Timeline The timeline will be as follows. . References References would be provided at the end of the project. Genaral understanding Perfomance analysis Conclusions Experimentation The Pipesim software and Microsoft Excel will be used for calculations. Calculations and experimentation (3 months) and Final report (2 months).2) Well engineering and construction by Rabia Hussain 3) Production operations volume 2 by Allen and Roberts 4) SPE papers covering horizontal well performance analysis 5) Journals covering horizontal well technology Methodology This is how the project will be done. Literature review (4 months).

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