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A Model That Worked on a Major Project Brian Taylor Snr Subsea Systems Engineer, J P
A Model That Worked on a Major Project Brian Taylor Snr Subsea Systems Engineer, J P

A Model That Worked on a Major Project

Brian Taylor

Snr Subsea Systems Engineer, J P Kenny

What is a System?

Definition…

What is a System? Definition… “An (assembly or) combination of interrelated elements (or parts) working together
What is a System? Definition… “An (assembly or) combination of interrelated elements (or parts) working together

“An (assembly or) combination of interrelated elements (or parts) working together toward a common objective.”

Ergo, System Engineering is…

“The (design and) implementation of (production) systems that require the integration of diverse and complex tasks.”

Project Drivers

Project Drivers System Development Engineering Phasing Process Project Life Cycle Development Pl a nnin g Team
System Development Engineering Phasing Process Project Life Cycle Development Pl a nnin g Team The Life
System
Development
Engineering
Phasing
Process
Project
Life Cycle
Development
Pl
a
nnin
g
Team
The
Life Cycle
Design Basis
Integration
System
System Definition System Drivers Design Intent D es gn i B as s i Design Philosophies
System Definition
System Drivers
Design
Intent
D
es gn
i
B
as s
i
Design
Philosophies
Flow Assurance
Materials
Control
Construction/Installation
Commissioning
Operations
IMR
Inspection
Maintenance
Detailed Design
Repair

System Building Blocks

System Building Blocks Direct Hydraulic Subsea Heat Exchangers Subsea Separation/Boosting Downhole Separation/Boosting Multiphase Flow Pumps Pipeline
Direct Hydraulic Subsea Heat Exchangers Subsea Separation/Boosting Downhole Separation/Boosting Multiphase Flow Pumps Pipeline HIPPS system Multiplexed
Direct Hydraulic
Subsea Heat Exchangers
Subsea Separation/Boosting
Downhole Separation/Boosting
Multiphase Flow Pumps
Pipeline HIPPS system
Multiplexed Electrohydraulic
Control Buoy
Special Equipment
Control System
Umbilicals
Thermoplastic Hoses
Steel Tube Umbilicals
ISU Integrated Service Umbilical
Communications
Well or Field Isolation
Tie-ins/Future Expansion
Annulus Monitoring/Venting
Gas Lift/Injection/Disposal
Water Injection
Hydrate Inhibition
Corrosion Inhibition
Paraffin Wax Removal/Inhibition
Scale Removal/Inhibition
VHF/UHF/Microwave Line of Sight
Geostationary Satellite
LEO Low Earth Orbit Satellite
Fibre Optic
TLP
Facilities/Services
Semisub
Floating Production System
Host Facility
FPSO
Fixed Platform
Spar
Onshore Facility
Xmas Trees
Horizontal
Conventional (Vertical)
Anchored or DP
Lay/derrick barge
Diving Support Vessel (DSV)
Multi-Service Vessel (MSV)
Drilling Rig
Supply/Work Boat
Installation Spread
Infield Gathering
System
Individual Flowlines/Jumpers
Daisy-Chain
Manifold
Drivers
System
Venturi per Well
Test Header + Test Flowline
Single MPFM + Test Header
MPFM per Well
Building Blocks
Construction
Import/Export Risers
FlowMaterials Control Assurance
Commissioning Operations IMR
Well Testing
& Installation
Steel Catenary/Lazy-Wave
Flexibles
Hybrid
SSIV
Diver/ROV/ROT
Protection/Antisnagging
Weight Limitations for Installation
Transportation (Road / Ship)
Foundations (Pile or Mudmat)
Support for other equipment
Connection Systems
Flange
Structural
Vertical
Remote Tie-Ins
Horizontal
Infield Processing
Carbon Steel vs CRA
Corrosion Inhibition
Corrosion Monitoring (eg FSM)
Intelligent Pigging
Topsides/Subsea Pig Launcher
Pigging Loop/Dual Pipelines
Pipeline Corrosion
None
Topsides Dehydration
Topsides Compression
Subsea Dehydration
Subsea Compression
Well arrangements
Individual Lines to each Well/Manifold
Metered Subsea Distribution System
Chemical Injection
Satellite Wells (Vertical or Deviated)
Cluster Manifold Wells (Usually Deviated)
Template Manifold Wells (Deviated)
Distributed Tie-In
Daisy-Chain

The Traditional Approach

The Traditional Approach System Engineering Management Operations & Equipment Test & Requirements System Design Engineering Integration
The Traditional Approach System Engineering Management Operations & Equipment Test & Requirements System Design Engineering Integration
System Engineering Management Operations & Equipment Test & Requirements System Design Engineering Integration Installation & Commissioning
System Engineering Management
Operations &
Equipment
Test &
Requirements
System Design
Engineering
Integration
Installation &
Commissioning
Analysis
Manufacture /
Concept
FEED
Detail Design
Test &
Commissioning
& Operation
Integration
Time
Time

Breaking with Tradition ...

Breaking with Tradition ... 125,000 bopd PROCESS SBR /PCL TRANSOCEAN EXPL ORER DRIL L RIG SWIVE
Breaking with Tradition ... 125,000 bopd PROCESS SBR /PCL TRANSOCEAN EXPL ORER DRIL L RIG SWIVE
125,000 bopd PROCESS SBR /PCL TRANSOCEAN EXPL ORER DRIL L RIG SWIVE L SHUTTL E TANK
125,000 bopd PROCESS
SBR /PCL
TRANSOCEAN EXPL ORER
DRIL L RIG
SWIVE L
SHUTTL E TANK ER
SOF EC
STEE L VE SSE L
PETRO-CANADA
SBR /SHIPYARD
OFFL OADING
SBR /PCL
TERRA NOVA
INSTAL L ATION ACTIVITIES
CSO
QUICK CO NNECT /DISCONNECT
TURRE T
SOF EC
RISER
CSO
MOORINGS
'HOST'
SOFEC
TEMPL ATE /MANIFOL D
XMAS TREE S
PIL ED ANCHORS
KOS
FMC
FLEXIBLE FLOWLINES
CSO
OPEN 'GL ORY HOL E '
CSO
PC
-
CSO
-
SBR
-
HE S
PE T RO-C ANADA
C OFL E X IP ST E NA OF F SHORE
SHAWMONT BROWN & ROOT
HAL L IBURTON E NE RGY SE RVIC E S
PC L C ONST RUC TORS
- FMC (SOF E C , K OS)
-
DOWN HOL E-
WORK
PC L
-
RESERVOIR ENGINE ERING
HES
F MC
PC /HES
DC
- DORIS C ONPRO

The ‘Jordan Wheel’

The ‘Jordan Wheel’ Subsystems Equipment Vendor Engineer Lead Engineers: • Materials • Controls • Commissioning •
The ‘Jordan Wheel’ Subsystems Equipment Vendor Engineer Lead Engineers: • Materials • Controls • Commissioning •
The ‘Jordan Wheel’ Subsystems Equipment Vendor Engineer Lead Engineers: • Materials • Controls • Commissioning •

Subsystems

The ‘Jordan Wheel’ Subsystems Equipment Vendor Engineer Lead Engineers: • Materials • Controls • Commissioning •

Equipment Vendor Engineer

Lead Engineers:

Materials Controls Commissioning Operations Communications Flow Assurance

The ‘Jordan Wheel’ Subsystems Equipment Vendor Engineer Lead Engineers: • Materials • Controls • Commissioning •

Interface Engineers

Technical Integrity Group

What is the TIG?

What is the TIG?
What is the TIG?
What is the TIG?

Questions ......

Questions ......
Questions ......

Workshop

It’s discussion time ........

Workshop It’s discussion time ........ We will spend the next 30 mins or so split into
Workshop It’s discussion time ........ We will spend the next 30 mins or so split into

We will spend the next 30 mins or so split into 2 groups

Group 1

Suggested key words:-

Group 2

Suggested key words:-

Responsibilities

Integrated Team

Ownership

System Manager

Deliverables (e.g. P&ID,

Current project s [examples of

Philosophies, Design Basis etc)

use]

Input & Influence [on project

Opportunity [to adopt as

processes]

industry approach]

Gate / Peer Reviews

Scaled [down for a small

project]

Conclusions

Conclusions • We will record any outcomes from today's workshop and present them to the SUT
Conclusions • We will record any outcomes from today's workshop and present them to the SUT

We will record any outcomes from today's workshop

and present them to the SUT for their use

Thank you for your time and participation

Society for Underwater Technology

Society for Underwater Technology Output from Workshop 13

Output from Workshop

Group 1

Group 1 Frame how the systems engineers responsibilities progress through the project lifecycle. PHASE 1: •
Group 1 Frame how the systems engineers responsibilities progress through the project lifecycle. PHASE 1: •

Frame how the systems engineers responsibilities progress through the project lifecycle.

PHASE 1:

Definition of project design basis.

Engineering concept definition / functionality.

Take reservoir characteristics and provide to FA engineer – FA design basis.

System manager frames the opportunity.

Develop a high level concept to prove commerciality of project.

Feed into overall value of project (NPV, R01, etc).

Group 1

PHASE 2:

Group 1 PHASE 2: • Generate alternative layouts for subsea architecture. • Enhance project design basis,
Group 1 PHASE 2: • Generate alternative layouts for subsea architecture. • Enhance project design basis,

Generate alternative layouts for subsea architecture.

Enhance project design basis, philosophies, P&IDs and strategies.

Develop Subsea design and Pipeline design.

Constraints on project – contracting strategy, scheduling drivers and government issues etc.

Technical qualification program.

Screen options, both internally and externally. Select preferred option and provide recommendation.

Conduct Pre-FEED surveys.

Define technical specifications that need to be developed in Phase 3 (FEED ITT package).

System engineer ensures integrity of design.

Group 1

PHASE 3:

Group 1 PHASE 3: • FEED – – Functional engineer. – – • Driver to attain
Group 1 PHASE 3: • FEED – – Functional engineer. – – • Driver to attain

FEED

Functional engineer.

Driver to attain scope definition.

Develop a schedule.

Integration of all disciplines:

Operations.

Flow assurance.

Precommission / IMR.

Project Execution Plan – Role &Responsibilities.

Class III established.

Prequals verification and assurance program.

ITT procurement packages.

Subsea Equipment Vendors, Umbilical Vendors, etc.

Long Lead Items based on schedule constraints.

Final Investment Decision [FID].

Group 1

PHASE 4:

Group 1 PHASE 4: • Execution. Interface management. • Award and manage packages. • • Ensure
Group 1 PHASE 4: • Execution. Interface management. • Award and manage packages. • • Ensure

Execution.

Interface management.

Award and manage packages.

Ensure project support is in place and processes are clearly defined.

System verification activities:

Design reviews.

Monitoring and assessing “Fit for Purpose”

SIT

Constructability and installability.

Group 2

Group 2 Current Projects and how the system is managed: • Pluto Systems manager Process and
Group 2 Current Projects and how the system is managed: • Pluto Systems manager Process and

Current Projects and how the system is managed:

Pluto

Systems manager Process and FA Materials / integrity Operations Commissioning

I/F management

Gorgon

Engineering management Standard guidelines

WEL SSF Integrity Team (TIAs) Centralise TIAs by project at the project base Integrated team.

Group 3

Does the TIG work?

Group 3 Does the TIG work? • There appear to be lots of chiefs – is
Group 3 Does the TIG work? • There appear to be lots of chiefs – is

There appear to be lots of chiefs – is this extra responsibility over there normal discipline role?

There has to be a facilitator for the TIG. But with what level of responsibility?

The process needs to be well defined before project kick-off

Lessons learnt from various projects (see group 2) should be compiled to see if it transferrable to your project

Pro’s of TIG type & of Traditional type

Con’s of TIG type & of Traditional type

Communication is key to the TIG

Project management systems must be coordinated across the different

disciplines/contracts Interfaces have to be filtered, meaningful and given prioritised accordingly

Empowerment – people in the TIG must be given the authority to make a decision and follow it through

Scaling does not appear to be an issue and the TIG would seem lend itself particularly well to projects with smaller ‘client’ team