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of real numbers, is commutative; For example 3 + 2 = 2+ 3, since both expressions equal 6. y+z = z+y The multiplication of real numbers, is commutative For example, 3 × 5 = 5 × 3, since both expressions equal 15. yz = zy 2 +2+2=6 3 sets of 2 =6 3 Times 2 =6 3+3=6 2 sets of 3 =6 2 Times 3 =6 OO +OO+OO = 6

OO OO = 6 OO

OOOOOO circle 6 in the picture Lets work with the manipulatives: Place 12 chips on your board. Line them up like this: 1 OOOO 2 OOOO 3 OOOO We have 3 sets of 4 Or 4+4+4 Or 3x4

Rotate them: 1 OO 2 OO 3 OO 4 OO 5 OO 6 OO Now what do we have? We have 6 sets of 2 Or 6x2 Or 2 +2 +2 +2 +2 . 1 OOOOOO 2 OOOOOO Or 6 +6 Now lets turn our chips so they are facing down.Now let’s rotate this set 1 OOO 2 OOO 3 OOO 4 OOO We now have 4 sets of 3 Or 3+3+3+3 Or 4x3 It goes both ways: 3 x 4 = 12 and 4 x 3 = 12 Lets practice one more time: How would you lay out your board if I gave you this example: 2x6 What other ways can we say this? We have 2 sets of 6 Use your manipulatives to show me.

Tens / one 1 / 3 X / 7 2 / 1 7 / 0 Now we add up the columns that we have in both and we have our answer Tens / one 1 / 3 X / 7 .Using base 10 manipulative: 13 X7 or 7 x13 These problems will add to the same number. 13 sets of 7 will add to the same number as 7 sets of 13. OOO + OOO + OOO + OOO + OOO + OOO + OOO = 21 3 + 3+3+3+3+3+3 =21 7 x 3 = 21 Let’s regroup – how many tens do we have? 2 tens How many ones do we have? 1 Tens / one 1 / 3 X / 7 2 / 1 We now have to work on our tens group? What do we have in this group? We have 7 sets of one ten = 7 x 10 IIIIIII (Base 10 sticks) We have 7 tens and 0 ones. But be careful the meanings are totally different. Tens / one 1 / 3 X / 7 If we look at the ones column it says that we have 7 sets of 3 ones Using your base 10 chips let me see 7 sets of 3’s.

We have 6 tens and 0 ones. Hundreds / Tens / one 2 / 6 X 1 / 5 3 / 0 Now let’s do the tens.2 / 7 / 9 / 1 0 1 9 tens and 1 one = 91 Let’s do one more using our hundreds manipulative: Hundreds / Tens / one 2 / 6 X 1 / 5 What do we do first? We have use the bottom number first. Hundreds / Tens / one 2 / 6 X 1 / 5 3 / 0 1/ 0/ 0 . We have 5 sets of 2 tens or 5 x 20 = 100 OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO 10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10 =100 OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOO Lets regroup: We have 1 hundreds. OOOOOO ALSO 6+6+6+6+6 = 30 or 5 x 6 = 30 OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO Let’s regroup. We have 5 sets of 6 ones. 0 tens and 0 ones.

Hundreds / Tens / one 2 / 6 X 1 / 5 3 / 0 1/ 0/ 0 6/ 0 2/ 0/ 0 Let’s add all of the columns and see what we have? Hundreds / Tens / one 2 / 6 X 1 / 5 3 / 0 1/ 0/ 0 6/ 0 2/ 0/ 0 . Hundreds / Tens / one 2 / 6 X 1 / 5 3 / 0 1/ 0/ 0 6/ 0 Lastly we have 10 sets of 20 tens: OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO or 10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+ OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10+10 = 200 OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 10 X 20 = 200. 0 ones. We regroup to 2 hundreds. 0 tens.Now we move to the tens: What do we have? We have 10 sets of 6 ones OOOOOO OOOOOO 6+6+6+6+6+6+6+6+6+6=60 OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO OOOOOO 10x6 = 60 we regroup and have 6 tens and 0 ones.

Second part: 3 x 10 = 30 Sarah does not have enough carrots to make 3 cakes. It takes 10 carrotsto make her carrot cake. Does Sarah have enough to make 3 carrot cakes? Bags = 3 carrots = 9 Or 3 sets of 9 or 3 x 9. Sarah can only make 2 cakes.3/ 9/ 0 We have 3 hundreds or 300 We have 9 Tens = 90 We have 0 ones = 0 Our answer to 26 x 15 = 390 Word Problems: Sarah has 3 bags of carrots There are 9 carrots in each bag. Take out your manipulatives OOOOOOOOO 9+9+9 = 27 OOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOOO Let’s regroup: We have 2 tens and 7 ones Tens / ones 2/ 7 If we have 27 carrots and it takes 10 carrots to make a cake. How many marbles does he have in all? Lets use our manipultative: Blue Marbles = OOOO Red Marbles = OOOO Yellow Marbles = OOOO . 4 red Marbles and 4 yellow marbles. Word Problem 2: John has 4 Blue marbles.

Lets regroup: 12 ones equals 1 ten and 2 ones Tens / ones 1 2 3 sets of 4 = 4+4+4 = 12 3 x 4 = 12 .

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