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Of the 90 ships at anchor in Pearl Harbor the 8 Battleships were the primary target At 6 A.M. on December 7th, six Japanese carriers launched first wave of 183 planes composed of torpedo bomber, dive bombers, horizontal bombers, and fighters. Of the 90 ships at anchor in Pearl Harbor the 8 Battleships were the primary target In hours before dawn, US Navy vessels spotted an unidentified submarine near the entrance of Pearl Harbor. It was reported and sunk by the destroyer USS Ward. As the first wave approached Oahu, a U.S. Army SCR-270 radar at Opana Point near the island's northern tip called in a warning. However, expecting 6 B-17 bombers they didn’t heed the warning. First shots fired on American ships and Military installations on Oahu at about 7:48 A.M. By approximately 8:10, USS West Virginia was sank, USS Oklahoma was topsided and sank, and the USS Arizona was wounded causing an explosion on the forward ammunition. The rest of the battleships had suffered varying amounts of damage within the first half hour of the raid. There was a short lull in the fury at about 8:30. USS Nevada used this to try to escape down the channel to the open sea. However, before this could happen a second wave of 171 Japanese planes were launched to destroy moving ships. USS Nevada beached herself from harbor control tower orders at hospital point and the channel remained clear. The attack ended shortly before 10 A.M. The Japanese damaged or sank all 8 battleships, damaged or sank 3 destroyers, 3 cruisers, an anti-aircraft training ship, one minelayer, and 188 U.S aircraft. 2,402 total Americans killed, and another 1,282 wounded. Nearly half of the American fatalities occurred when USS Arizona was hit by a midfied 40 cm shell and the forward magazine exploded. Mitsuo Fuchida and Minoru Genda urged that a third wave of planes be launched. However, this would have required planes to come back and refuel and rearm. Interesting fact: The first shots fired by an American at Pearl Harbor was by Mack Abbott, a resident of Gainesville and originally from Birmingham, AL. Abbott and 12 following companions managed to shoot down 3 enemy planes.
United States Empire of Japan
Commanders and leaders
Husband Kimmel Walter Short Isaac Kidd †
Chuichi Nagumo Isoroku Yamamoto
Mobile Unit: 6 aircraft carriers 8 battleships 8 cruisers 30 destroyers 4 submarines 49 other ships ~390 aircraft
2 battleships 2 heavy cruisers 1 light cruiser 9 destroyers 8 tankers 23 fleet submarines 5 midget submarines 414 aircraft
Casualties and losses
4 battleships sunk 3 battleships damaged 1 battleship grounded 2 destroyers sunk 1 other ship sunk 3 cruisers damaged[nb 2] 1 destroyer damaged 3 other ships damaged 188 aircraft destroyed 159 aircraft damaged 2,402 killed 1,247 wounded 4 midget submarines sunk 1 midget submarine grounded 29 aircraft destroyed 64 killed 1 captured