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David Mayer Winston Churchill High School San Antonio, Texas dmayer@neisd.net AP Macroeconomics - Understanding the Phillips Curve Questions from the 2005 AP Macroeconomics Released Exam 13. According to the short-run Phillips Curve, there is a trade-off between (A) interest rates and inflation (B) the growth of the money supply and interest rates (C) unemployment and economic growth (D) inflation and unemployment (E) economic growth and interest rates 30. According to the long-run Phillips Curve, which of the following is true? (A) Unemployment increases with an increase in inflation. (B) Unemployment decreases with an increase in inflation. (C) Increased automation will lead to lower levels of structural unemployment in the long run. (D) Changes in the composition of the overall demand for labor tend to be deflationary in the long run. (E) The natural rate of unemployment is independent of monetary and fiscal policy changes that affect aggregate demand. 51. An increase in which of the following will lead to lower inflation and lower unemployment? (A) Exports (B) Aggregate Demand (C) Labor Productivity (D) Government Spending (E) The international value of domestic currency Question from the 2000 AP Macroeconomics Released Exam 42. Which of the following best explains how an economy could simultaneously experience high inflation and high unemployment? (A) The government increases spending without increasing taxes (B) The government increases taxes without increasing spending. (C) Inflationary expectations decline. (D) Women and teen-agers stay out of the labor force. (E) Negative supply shocks cause factor prices to increase.

Answers to Questions w/Explanations


David Mayer, AP Macroeconomics Understanding the Phillips Curve Multiple Choice Questions from the 2000 and 2005 AP Macroeconomics Released Exams

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13. According to the short-run Phillips Curve, there is a trade-off between (D) inflation and unemployment Explanation: The Phillips Curve illustrates the trade-off between inflation and unemployment.

30. According to the long-run Phillips Curve, which of the following is true? (E) The natural rate of unemployment is independent of monetary and fiscal policy changes that affect aggregate demand. Explanation: The long-run Phillips Curve is vertical at the natural rate of unemployment. Changes in AD create movement along the SRPC and in the long run do not affect the natural rate of unemployment.

51. An increase in which of the following will lead to lower inflation and lower unemployment? (C) Labor Productivity
David Mayer, AP Macroeconomics Understanding the Phillips Curve Multiple Choice Questions from the 2000 and 2005 AP Macroeconomics Released Exams

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Explanation: Increases in Labor Productivity lead to an increase in SRAS and a corresponding decrease in the SRPC. When SRPC decreases, inflation (%) is lower for every unemployment level (u%).

42. Which of the following best explains how an economy could simultaneously experience high inflation and high unemployment? (F) Negative supply shocks cause factor prices to increase. Explanation: Negative supply shocks in the factor market lead to increased factor prices. This increase causes a decrease in SRAS and a corresponding increase in the SRPC. When SRPC increases, inflation (%) is higher for every unemployment level (u%).

David Mayer, AP Macroeconomics Understanding the Phillips Curve Multiple Choice Questions from the 2000 and 2005 AP Macroeconomics Released Exams