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Example D.7

Given:

Pin-Connected Tension Member

An ASTM A36 pin connected tension member with the dimensions shown below carries a dead load of 12 kips and a live load of 4 kips in tension. The diameter of the pin is 1 inch, in a Q-in. oversized hole. Assume that the pin itself is adequate. Verify the strength by both LRFD and ASD.

Solution: Material Properties: Plate ASTM A36 Geometric Properties: w = 4.25 in. t = 0.500 in.

Fy = 36 ksi d = 1.00 in.

Fu = 58 ksi a = 2.25 in. c = 2.50 in.

Manual Table 2-4

**Check dimensional requirements: 1) beff = 2t + 0.63 in. = 2(0.500 in.) + 0.63 in. = 1.63 in. 2) a > 1.33beff 3) w > 2beff + d 4) c > a 2.25 in. > (1.33)(1.63 in.) = 2.17 in.
**

o.k.

Section D5.2

4.25 in. > 2(1.63 in.) + 1.00 in. = 4.26in. # 4.25in. o.k. 2.50 in. > 2.25 in.

o.k.

**Calculate the required tensile strength
**

LRFD ASD

Pu = 1.2(12.0 kips) + 1.6(4.00 kips) = 20.8 kips

Pa = 12.0 kips + 4.00 kips = 16.0 kips

8 kips Section D2 The available tensile strength is governed by the bearing strength limit state LRFD ASD ItPn = 24.5 kips) = 70.5 kips LRFD :t = 2.90(76.500 in.00 Pn/:t = (94.00 in.500 in. + (1.2) = 95.1 Rn = 1. Pn/:t = 16.2 kips > 16.500 in. (0.63 in.13 in.3 kips Section D5.5 kips) = 68.500 in.9 kips Section D5.75 IsfPn = 0.90 ItPn = 0.4 kips) / 2.D-15 Calculate the available tensile rupture strength on the net effective area Pn = 2tbeffFu = (2)(0.2) = 32.00 in.00 Pn/:sf = (95.9 kips :t = 1.25 in.2 Pn = FyAg = 36 ksi (2.8(36 ksi)(0.4 kips LRFD ASD Eqn.k.)(58 ksi) = 94.1 Eqn.500 in.00 = 47.) = 0.5 kips LRFD ASD Eqn.1 It = 0.75(94.75 ItPn = 0.8 kips Calculate the available bearing strength Apb = 0.4 kips) = 24.3 kips 24.)[2.2) = 76.3 kips Calculate the available tensile yielding strength Ag = 4.75 in.25 in. D5-2 Isf = 0.75(95. /2)] = 2.1 ASD It = 0.75(32.13 in.5 kips) / 1.0 kips o.9 kips Calculate the available shear rupture strength :t = 2. D2.6FuAsf = (0. J7.6)(58 ksi)(2.k.2 kips Section J7 Section D2 Eqn.)(1.75 in.2 kips 16.8FyApb = 1.1 Asf = 2t(a + d/2) = 2(0. .8 kips o.7 kips LRFD ASD Section D5.2 Pn = 0.67 = 45.00 Pn/:t = (32.5 kips) / 2.2 :sf = 2.500 in.7 kips) / 2.00 = 16.(1.00 = 47.) = 2. D5-1 It = 0.67 Pn/:t = (76.7 kips) = 71.3 kips > 20.75 ItPn = 0.

) = 3.500 in. 5) R > dh + 2b 6) 2/3w < b < 3/4w 0.2 .23 in.) = 7. 8. 2) w < 8t 3) d > 7/8w 4) dh < d + 1/32 in.00 in.23 in. Verify the strength by both LRFD and ASD.00 in.) = 2. < 8(0.D-16 Example D. o. + 2(2. < 2.k. ASTM A36.00 in. < 3/4(3. 3.03 in.k.00 in.625 in.) = 5 in. o. db = 3 in. o.00 in. R = 8. > 3.23 in.k.23 in.03 in.k. + (1/32 in. o. < 3. 3.25 in. The pin diameter d is 3 in.00 in. o. < 2. Fu = 58 ksi t = 0. thick eyebar member. o.625 in.63 in. 3. > 0. Manual Table 2-4 Check dimensional requirements 1) t > ½ in. b = 2.50 in.00 in. Solution: Material Properties: Plate ASTM A36 Fy = 36 ksi Geometric Properties: w = 3 in. 2/3(3.k.625 in.00 in.03 in. carries a dead load of 25 kips and a live load of 15 kips in tension.k.8 Given: Eyebar Tension Member See Figure D-8 below. Section D4.00 in. A s in.) 2. dh = 3.03 in. > 7/8 (3.) < 2.

2 Pn= FyAg = (36 ksi)(1.0 kips = 40.0 kips + 15.0 kips o.2) = 67.3 kips > 40.7 kips) = 60.D-17 Calculate the required tensile strength LRFD ASD Pu = 1.88 in.625 in. .6(15.88 in.(0.0 kips) = 54. Note: The eyebar detailing limitations ensure that the tensile yielding limit state at the eyebar body will control the strength of the eyebar itself. bearing.0 kips) + 1.9 kips > 54. and if the material strength is lower than that of the eyebar.k.7 kips LRFD ASD Eqn.) = 1.2(25.90 ItPn = 0.67 Pn/:t = (67. The pin should also be checked for shear yielding. Section D2 The eyebar tension member available strength is governed by the tension yield limit state.00 in.5 kips 40.9 kips 60.67 = 40.0 kips Calculate the available tensile yield strength at the eyebar body (at w) Ag = 3.90(67.0 kips o. :t = 1.0 kips Pa = 25.k.7 kips)/1. D2-1 It = 0.

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