A mensa et thoro - From bed and board. A vinculo matrimonii - From the bond of matrimony.

Ab extra - From outside. Ab initio - From the beginning. Absoluta sententia expositore non indiget - An absolute judgment needs no expositor. Abundans cautela non nocet - Abundant caution does no harm. Accessorium non ducit sed sequitur suum principale - An accessory does not draw, but follows its principal. Accessorius sequitur - One who is an accessory to the crime cannot be guilty of a more serious crime than the principal offender. Acta exteriora iudicant interiora secreta - Outward acts indicate the inward intent. Actio non accrevit infra sex annos - The action has not accrued within six years. Actio non datur non damnificato - An action is not given to one who is not injured. Actio personalis moritur cum persona - A personal action dies with the person. Actiones legis - Law suits. Actori incumbit onus probandi - The burden of proof lies on the plaintiff. Actus nemini facit injuriam - The act of the law does no one wrong. Actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea - The act does not make one guilty unless there be a criminal intent. Actus reus - A guilty deed or act. Ad ea quae frequentius acciduunt jura adaptantur - The laws are adapted to those cases which occur more frequently. Ad hoc - For this purpose. Ad infinitum - Forever, without limit, to infinity. Ad perpetuam rei memoriam - For a perpetual memorial of the matter.

Ad quaestionem facti non respondent judices; ad quaestionem legis non respondent juratores - The judges do not answer to a question of fact; the jury do not answer to a question of Law. Aedificare in tuo proprio solo non licet quod alteri noceat - It is not lawful to build on one's own land what may be injurious to another. Aequitas legem sequitur - Equity follows the law. Aequitas nunquam contravenit legem - Equity never contradicts the law. Alibi - At another place, elsewhere. Alienatio rei praefertur juri accrescendi - Alienation is preferred by law rather than accumulation. Aliunde - From elsewhere, or, from a different source Allegans contraria non est audiendus - One making contradictory statements is not to be heard. Allegans suam turpitudinem non est audiendus - One alleging his own infamy is not to be heard. Allegatio contra factum non est admittenda - An allegation contrary to a deed is not to be heard. Ambiguitas contra stipulatorem est - An ambiguity is most strongly construed against the party using it. Ambiguitas verborum patens nulla verificatione excluditur - A patent ambiguity is never helped by averment. Amicus curiae - A friend of the Court. Angliae jura in omni casu libertati dant favorem - The laws of England are favorable in every case to liberty. Animo furandi - With an intention of stealing. Animo testandi - With an intention of making a will. Annus luctus - The year of mourning. Ante - Before. Aqua currit et debet currere, ut currere solebat - Water runs and ought to run.

Arbitrium est judicium - An award is a judgment. Arbor dum crescit; lignum cum crescere nescit - A tree while it grows, wood when it cannot grow. Argumentum ab auctoritate fortissimum est in lege - An argument drawn from authority is the strongest in law. Argumentum ab impossibilii plurimum valet in lege - An argument from impossibility is very strong in law. Argumentum ad hominem - An argument directed a the person. Argumentum ad ignoratiam - An argument based upon ignorance (i.e. of one's adversary). Arma in armatos sumere jura sinunt - The laws permit the taking up of arms against the armed. Assentio mentium - The meeting of minds, i.e. mutual assent. Assignatus utitur jure auctoris - An assignee is clothed with rights of his assignor. Audi alteram partem - Hear the other side. Aula regis - The King's Court. Benignior sententia in verbis generalibus seu dubiis est preferenda - The more favorable construction is to be placed on general or doubtful words. Bis dat qui cito dat - He gives (pays) twice who pays promptly. Bona fide - Sincere, in good faith Bona vacantia - Goods without an owner Boni judicis est ampliare jurisdictionem - It is the part of a good judge to enlarge his jurisdiction, i.e. remedial authority. Boni judicis est judicium sine dilatione mandare executioni - It is the duty of a good judge to cause execution to issue on a judgment without delay. Boni judicis lites dirimere est - It is the duty of a good judge to prevent litigation. Bonus judex secundum aequum et bonum judicat et aequitatem stricto juri praefert - A good judge decides according to justice and right and prefers equity to strict law. Breve judiciale non cadit pro defectu formae - A judicial writing does not fail through defect of form.

Cadit quaestio - The matter admits of no further argument. Cassetur billa (breve) - Let the writ be quashed. Casus fortuitus non est spectandus; et nemo tenetur divinare - A fortuitous event is not to be foreseen and no person is bound to divine it. Catalla reputantur inter minima in lege - Chattels are considered in law among the minor things. Causa proxima, non remota spectatur - The immediate, and not the remote cause is to be considered. Caveat emptor - Let the purchaser beware. Caveat venditor - Let the seller beware. Cepi corpus et est languidum - I have taken the body and the prisoner is sick. Cepi corpus et paratum habeo - I have taken the body and have it ready. Ceteris paribus - Other things being equal. Consensu - Unanimously or, by general consent. Consensus ad idem - Agreement as to the same things. Consuetudo loci observanda est - The custom of the place is to be observed. Contemporanea expositio est optima et fortissima in lege - A contemporaneous exposition is best and most powerful in law. Contra - To the contrary. Contra bonos mores - Against good morals. Contra non valentem agere nulla currit praescriptio - No prescription runs against a person not able to act. Contractus est quasi actus contra actum - A contract is an act as it were against an act. Conventio et modus vincunt legem - A contract and agreement overcome the law. Conventio privatorum non potest publico juri derogare - An agreement of private persons cannot derogate from public right. Coram Domino Rege - In the presence of our Lord the King.

Coram non judice - Before one who is not a judge. Corpus - Body. Corpus delicti - The body, i.e. the gist of crime. Corpus humanum non recipit aestimationem - A human body is not susceptible of appraisement. Crescente malitia crescere debet et poena - Vice increasing, punishment ought also to increase. Crimen omnia ex se nata vitiat - Crime vitiates every thing, which springs from it. Crimen trahit personam - The crime carries the person. Cujus est dare, ejus est disponere - He who has a right to give has the right to dispose of the gift. Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad coelam; et ad inferos - He who owns the soil owns it up to the sky; and to its depth. Cum duo inter se pugnantia reperiuntur in testamentis ultimum ratum est - When two things repugnant to each other are found in a will, the last is to be confirmed. Cursus curiae est lex curiae - The practice of the court is the law of the court. Custos morum - A guardian of morals.

Damnum sine injuria - damage without legal injury. De bonis asportatis - Of goods carried away. De bonis non administratis - Of goods not administered. De die in diem - From day to day. De facto - In fact. De futuro - In the future. De integro - As regards the whole. De jure - Rightful, by right. De minimis lex non curat - The law does not notice trifling matters.

De novo - Starting afresh. Debile fundamentum fallit opus - Where there is a weak foundation, the work fails. Debita sequuntur personam debitoria - Debts follow the person of the debtor. Debitor non praesumitur donare - A debtor is not presumed to make a gift. Debitum et contractus sunt nullius loci - Debt and contract are of no particular place. Debitum in praesenti, solvendum in futuro - A present debt is to be discharged in the future. Delegata potestas non potest delegari - A delegated authority cannot be again delegated. Derivativa potestas non potest esse major primitiva - The power which is derived cannot be greater than that from which it is derived. Deus solus haeredem facere potest, non homo - God alone, not man, can make an heir. Dies Dominicus non est juridicus - Sunday is not a day in law. Discretio est discernere per legem quid sit justum - Discretion is to discern through law what is just. Doli incapax - Incapable of crime. Dominium - Ownership. Domus sua cuique est tutissimum refugium - Every man s house is his safest refuge. Dona clandestina sunt semper suspiciosa - Clandestine gifts are always suspicious. Dormiunt leges aliquando, nunquam moriuntur - The laws sometimes sleep, but never die. Doti lex favet; praemium pudoris est; ideo parcatur - The law favors dower; it is the reward of chastity, therefore let it be preserved. Dubitante - Doubting the correctness of the decision. Duo non possunt in solido unam rem possidere - Two cannot possess one thing each in entirety. Ei incumbit probatio qui - The onus of proving a fact rests upon the man. Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit, non qui negat - The burden of the proof lies upon him who affirms, not he who denies. Error, qui non resistitur approbatur - An error not resisted is approved.

Et cetera - Other things of that type. Ex cathedra - With official authority. Ex concessis - In view of what has already been accepted/ Ex dolo malo actio non oritur - A right of action cannot arise out of fraud. Ex facie - On the fact of it. Ex gratia - Out of kindness, voluntary. Ex nihilo nil fit - From nothing nothing comes. Ex nudo pacto actio non oritur - No action arises on a contract without a consideration. Ex parte - Proceeding brought by one person in the absence of another. Ex post facto - By reason of a subsequent act. Ex praecedentibus et consequentibus optima fit interpretatio - The best interpretation is made from things preceding and following. Ex turpi causa non oritur actio - No action arises on an immoral contract. Exceptio probat regulam - An exception proves the rule. Executio est executio juris secundum judicium - Execution is the fulfillment of the law in accordance with the judgment. Executio est finis et fructus legis - An execution is the end and the fruit of the law. Executio legis non habet injuriam - Execution of the law does no injury. Extra legem positus est civiliter mortuus - One out of the pale of the law (i.e. an outlaw) is civilly dead.

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