Digital Revolution

Chee Sim Erica Ochoa

Setting the Scene
• Design fragmented into specialties • “Computer Graphics” 1960s

Early Stages
• Analog VS. Digital • Leon Harmon and Kenneth Knowlton

1981
• Graphic User Interface (GUI) • WYSIWYG • Bitstream

Pixel
• Raster Graphic. • Bitmap. • Resolution dependant,

Raster Graphics
• Used in photographs. • Photo editors. • 72-130ppi Screen Display • MacPaint and MacDraw in the 80s.

Pixel Art
• Susan Kare

Vectors
• Mathematical equations • Points > Lines • Smaller file size • Infinite resolution • Large size printing

MacDraw

Catalina Estrada

LaserWriter
• PostScript • 1985 by Apple • Mass Market • Desktop publishing

PageMaker

Emigre Magazine
• 1984-2005 • Design discussion • Rudy VanderLans Zuzana Licko

1984

1986

2005

PostScript, True Type, Open Type
• PostScript 1985 Two files types • True Type Late 1980s One file • Open Type 1990s Cross Platforms

Susan Kare
Sometimes called the Betsy Ross of the personal computer, Ms. Kare did pathbreaking work on the original Macintosh.” - THE NEW YORK TIMES

• Designed original Mac icons • City based typefaces

Digital Revolution for Graphic Designers
The tools of the designer were confused with the skills of the designer...The accessibility of production tools undercut the design profession since “anyone” can make a flier or a brochure.
Johanna Drucker

Work Cited
• http://funky70s.wordpress.com/category/apple-computer-2/ • http://prehysteries.blogspot.com/2008/06/leon-d-harmonkenneth-knowlton-nude.html • http://sophia.javeriana.edu.co/~ochavarr/computer_graphics_ history/historia/ • http://www.arts-humanities.net/image/fig_2_vector_raster_ representations • http://www.imug.com.au/museum-collection/publishing.php • http://school.anhb.uwa.edu.au/personalpages/kwessen/web/ software/software.html • http://site.seremeres.com/index.php?page=pixel-art • http://murder-one.blogspot.com/2008/01/e-boy-godfathers-ofpixel-is-pixel-art.html • http://www.re-nest.com/re-nest/decorating/nerd-chicbookcase-turned-into-pixel-art-icoeye-153288

Work Cited
• http://more-of-chaiyen.blogspot.com/2008/09/isometric-pixelart.html • http://freerangestock.com/understanding/vector_bitmap/Part1_ Bitmap.html • http://catalinaestrada.com/ • http://designhistory.org/Digital_Revolution.html • Graphic Design History: A Critical Guide, Johanna Drucker and Emily McVarish

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