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Next exam: two weeks from Tuesday.

November 8th

Hamilton vs. Jefferson: They have opposite view on just about everything.

***Hamilton’s views:
- Human nature: very pessimistic
- Average human could not be trusted in power, and is weak and just being
blown by the wind
- The elite are much less weak and turbulent and will provide a steady
course for the American people
- Believes order and stability are what’s important.
-Power of Government:
-Is afraid of too much democracy because he is afraid of a government
where the rules will change all the time.
- Believes a powerful federal government will help protect individuals’
- Economics: ?
- Britain or France: 1789- French decide they have had enough of their king and
start French Revolution.
-1792: French Revolution has gotten very out of hand and by 1793 they
behead the king and a new French Republic has been set up.
-Other countries in Europe are very concerned with this because they don’t
want this idea spreading over to their country.
-1793: Britain at head of other countries in Europe declare war on France
-1793-1815: England and France will be at war with very little peace time
-United States have sympathy for French at first
-Alexander Hamilton favors the British in this war and does not want to
get involved in this war, but does lean toward the British in this war.

Jefferson’s views:
-Human nature: optimistic views
-Average American was rational and he didn’t fear rule by the mob and he
favored liberty over order.
-Power of Government:
-There’s never too much democracy in his opinion
-Didn’t want the government to get too strong because he wanted the
states to have more power than the federal government.
-He wants a strictly agricultural economy
-Britain or France: He is more pro-France.
-Thought it was good because it was bringing more freedom to the French.

Events of the Washington Administration: He is a great President and gets much

respect. He provides the United States with a “guiding light”. He provides much
stability. His cabinet is torn apart.
(French is pressuring the United States to be on their side, but United States is
trying to stay neutral… United States is trading with both)
*British began harassing United States ships and throwing things in the water
and attacking them.
*Washington gives in on Jefferson’s recognizing of the French and the U.S. and
French trade ambassadors.
*France names their first ambassador to the United States:
--Citizen Genet: (Edmond Genet) (1793) French ambassador to the United States
- He tries as hard as he can to get people to support the French and he was not
very welcomed by American politicians.
- He began telling American shipmen to attack the British ships back. This is not
- In Philadelphia, Washington refuses to talk to them at all. He writes to demand
to the French to recall Genet.
- There is no more French government and knows he is out of a job and knows if
he moved back to France he would loose his head so he stays in America and
becomes a citizen and dies there.
- This reveals a split in the American government.
- It sets a precedent in the United States. ?

Whiskey Rebellion:
- The tax makes citizens very angry. Sometimes they refuse to pay the tax or
would run away from the tax collectors.
- Western Pennsylvania: resistance to the Whiskey tax gets violent. Tax collectors
would get beaten or harassed. If someone paid the tax, they would get beaten up
for paying the tax. They would do everything they could to show they hated the
Whiskey tax.
- Finally, they threaten to march on Pittsburgh. 1794: Washington begins to take
notice. He issues an order to these men to stop and go back home. But the men
ignore this declaration and continue to threat they will march. Hamilton is
behind Washington to show these men who the boss is.
- Washington gets together an army and Hamilton is very excited to see this
happen. Washington names Hamilton one of the generals of this 13,000 men
- When it reaches Penn., there really is no sign of rebellion. There is nothing to
fight. They arrest around 20 men in Penn., but all get released.
- It ends up being nothing besides Hamilton making something bigger than it was
- Everyone had a different view on it. The republicans and Jefferson thought the
federalists and Hamilton were too eager to put this down. Shows Hamilton was
overreacting. The federalists think the republicans were behind the whole thing.
It just makes the split between the two deeper.

***Know the basics of Hamilton’s reports. Especially the idea’s behind the
***Compare Hamilton vs. Jefferson