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DSL Standards Update

peter.macaulay @ ZDSL.com jim.southworth @ ZDSL.com

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DSL Tutorial
Presenter: Peter Macaulay is an independent consultant providing training and consulting on DSL, VoDSL and VoIP. We encourage you to send updates via email on this material. The slides can be download from http://www.ZDSL.com/ Presented by: Jim Southworth jim.southworth @ ZDSL.com Peter Macaulay peter.macaulay @ ZDSL.com East by North, Inc. 11654 Plaza America Drive #142 Reston, VA 20190 DSL1-2 Tel: +1-703-880-1630

DSL Tutorial

Objectives What is DSL How DSL works What are the issues in working with DSL Where are the business opportunities
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DSL in the World


DSL is growing
World Wide DSL reached 115 Million lines by Sep2005 (DSLF) World Wide DSL growing to 500 Million lines by 2010 Leading deployments: Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan,

Changes making it easier to install DSL


DSL was slow initially due to ATM backbone complexity DSL Forum focused on auto-configuration, interoperability DSL has in the last year greatly reduced truck rolls to the point where we now have 95% self install ADSL CPE is standards based with lower cost equipment with many options including wireless networking resulting in increased take rate
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Market Trends (Faster + Value Add)


Faster Higher speeds standards (ADSL2+ and VDSL2) Better spectrum management (RE-ADSL part of ADSL2, ADSL2+) SHDSL (Single Pair High Speed DSL) Bonded Services (2, 3, 4-pairs of ADSL or SHDSL) IP/Ethernet versus ATM transport Value Added Services Application Service Provider (ASP) Remote Backup (Internet Disk Drives to Managed Services) Videoconferencing (voice / data / video) Voice over IP (VoIP) i.e. BroadVoice, Vonage, Skype, Video over IP, Video on Demand (VOD), 2-way TV Security monitoring (DOS attacks) and Virus Scanning Services IP VPN (Internet Protocol Virtual Private Network) Secure, encrypted (AES, DES3), authenticated with certificates
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Broadband Value Added Services


VAS market size grew from $3.3B to $6.9B in 2004 Source: Point Topic May 2005

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Broadband Europe
map

January 2005
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DSL Deployment (% per 100 phone lines)


South Korea Taiwan Iceland Hong Kong Belgium Japan Israel Singapore Denmark Canada 30.4 18.1 18.0 17.2 13.8 13.0 11.6 11.4 11.1 10.2

Source: www.Point-Topic.com
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Broadband Users

Source: IDC
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US Broadband + VoIP

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Top Ten Broadband by Lines Added

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Source:Point Topic April 2004

Cable/DSL Share in Top Ten

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DSL Best Percentage Growth 3Q2003

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DSL Forum Updates (Examples)


DSL Forum issues Technical Reports (TRs) and Working Text (WTs) TR-46 "Auto-Configuration: Architecture & Framework" provides the framework for the complete autoconfiguration process. Feb 2002 TR-059 Requirements for the Support of QoS-Enabled IP Services (was WT-081) Sept 2003 TR-066 ADSL Network Element Mgmt March 2004 TR-092 BRAS Requirements Aug 2004 TR-094 Multi Service Home Delivery Aug 2004 Reference: www.DSLFORUM.org
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DSL Forum Organization


September 2005
Chairman Michael Brusca Board of Directors

Technical Committee Chair Gavin Young

Marketing Committee Chair Jay Fausch

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Interoperability Testing
The University of New Hampshire InterOperability Laboratory's (UNH-IOL) ADSL Consortium hosted the Third DSL Forum ADSL2 and ADSL2+ System Integrator Plugfest March 2005 DSL Forum ADSL2/2+ Chipset Plugfest February 2005 The University of New Hampshire InterOperability Laboratory's (UNH-IOL) SHDSL Consortium will be hosting the DSL Forum SHDSL Chipset and System Integrator Plugfest May 2004

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DSL Terms

Digital Subscriber Line uses the existing copper local loops = POTS + DSL

Telephone PC Telephone Network

Filter 0-4kHz
Telephone Workstation

Plain Old Telephone Service 300-3400 Hz = 3.1kHz AUDIO

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DSL + Voice
POTS (2000m analog) PSTN GW ATM / IP

= G.711 PCM (64 kbps DS0) VoDSL (20m analog) VoIP (2m analog)

L6 SW
2-wire Tip + Ring 2000 m

DSLAM

2m L2, L3, L4, L5 Integrated Access Device 20 m


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L1

PC

PC

DSL Wiring
PC DSL modem

Copper 2-wire Digital Subscriber Line

CO Splitter

PSTN

HQ or

POTS

DSLAM

NID

ATM or FR

ISP

CPE Splitter

Customer Premises

Central Office (see NOTE)

Network Service Provider DSL1-19

CPE Wiring

Master Splitter

Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) Inside Wiring (IW) Network Interface Device (NID)
LINE

1) Master Splitter Requires a carrier truck roll if in the NID 2) True Splitterless No truck roll, user connects just like an analog modem 3) Splitterless with microfilters No truck roll, user connects just like an analog modem User adds microfilters at each telephone

PHONE

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Master Splitter USA/Canada


1. Telco side of the NID (Wilcom,) 2. User side of the NID (Bourns,) 3. Inside the building (Comtest,) 1

3
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CPE Splitter
Demarcation (Demarc) Network Interface Device (NID) Splitter a) Master splitter in the NID b) Inline filter (Microfilter)

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Microfilter
ANSI T1E1.4 standard http://www.pulseeng.com/ Example: DSL Rocket by Pulse Also: Suttle, Excelsus, 2Wire, Corning/Siecor, Wilcom, Lea Microfilter placed in front of each telephone Microfilter gives clear voice quality, caller ID, call waiting Microfilter allows for user self install of the DSL modem 70% self install being reported by several telcos
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Splitter/Filter Examples
1. France (Lea) Filter 2. Belgium (Excelsus) 3. Hong Kong/Israel 4. Italy Filter 5. ISDN (YCL) Splitter
5.S

1.F 1.F

2.F

5.S

4.F

3.F
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DSL Copper Installation


Dedicated Pair (P1+P2) Data only Separate pair for voice 2xRJ11 or 1xRJ14C i.e. SDSL, SDSL2, IDSL Watch for copper exhaustion Line Sharing Pair (P3) Voice and Data, wet loop 1xRJ11 i.e. ADSL, some SHDSL FCC ruling for pair sharing

P1 P2

P3

P4

Naked DSL (P4) = data only, no POTS, dry loop

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G.bond
Bonding of multiple copper pairs For example, Pair 5 + Pair 6 Each pair using ADSL2+ at 12 Mbps Combined for 24 Mbps for HDTV ATM bonding

P5

P6

2 x ATU-R 1 x Ethernet

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CPE DSL Modem


Thomson Speedtouch ST620 ADSL2+/ADSL2/RE RJ11 DSL input, RJ45 Ethernet output

a.k.a. ATU-R (ADSL Transceiver Unit - Remote)

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CPE Modem/Router (More Examples)


Siemens SpeedStream 5600 SOHO Router

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CPE Modem/Router Examples


Comtrend CT-536Plus 802.11g Wireless ADSL2+

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Typical CPE Modem


Example: Cisco 678

ADSL PHY ADSL AFE Ethernet Power RAM Communications Processor (TI, Motorola, Virata)

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CPE DSL to External USB Modem


USB = Universal Serial Bus USB provides power to modem Connection RJ11 (DSL) into modem, USB to single PC See: http://www.thomson.com/ See also: Creative, Digicom

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CPE DSL to Internal PCI Modem


PCI = Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI Local Bus Specification (www.pcisig.com) Requires a truck roll (site visit) to install PCI card Lower cost solution

Examples: http://www.askey.com/ http://www.3com.com/

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CPE DSL External Router


Router with optional integrated Ethernet hub 1 x RJ45 DSL input 4 x RJ45 10BaseT Ethernet 3Com, Comtrend, Aztech, Askey,

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CPE DSL Gateway


Residential Gateway Provides Sharing of a high speed DSL line LAN interface (Ethernet hub, USB, HomePNA) Optional wireless support IEEE 802.11b, HomeRF, HomePlug HomePNA (Home Phoneline Networking Alliance) HomePlug (HomePlug Powerline Alliance) Optional firewall protection DHCP, NAT support Examples; http://www.2wire.com http://www.netopia.com/

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Voice + Data + Video


Motorola Next Level Communications (Rohnert Park, CA) RG2100A Residential Gateway for triple play Set Top Box (STB) to maximize service provider revenue ADSL+, 2 x MPEG-2, Ethernet/HPNA, Video, L+R Audio MPEG over IP, MPEG over ATM

Video Market Direction Services may include TV, iTV, DTV, PPV, VOD, HDTV MPEG-4 coming with reduced video bandwidth PSIP (Program and System Information Protocol) ATSC Announcements SCTP (Stream Control Transmission Protocol) DSL1-35

DSL Central Office Equipment


OSP (Outside Plant) termination inside the CO

MDF

Splitter

Cross Connect Optional

DSLAM

PSTN Switch
OSP CO

Data Network
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MDF (Main Distribution Frame)

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CO Splitter
25-pair connectors 1) Loop 2) PSTN 3) DSL
Connectors: RJ21 Amphenol TM (by Amphenol, Inc.) or CHAMP TM (by AMP)

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DSLAM
DSL Access Multiplexer DSLAM interfaces User: DSL Network: ATM, Ethernet Alcatel, Lucent, Cisco NEBS requirements SpeedLink Tower D50 by Nokia

DSLAM has several ATU-C

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DSLAM in the Field


Digital Loop Carrier (DLC) Broadband Loop Carrier (BLC) Broadband Access Switch (BAS)

Occam Networks Pannaway UTStarcom (Pedestal)


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DSL LAN Configuration


End User Location Master Splitter DSL Modem & Router
ciscoSystems

DSL Config #1: Master Splitter or Inline filters Download @ 8.1 Mbps 2750m/9,000 copper

CO DSLAM High
general datacom DataCom Shelf

HOST

Cisco 4000 series

DSL
High Speed Data Over Voice

Speed Links
SMS

PSTN POTS

ATM
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Inline Filter

DSL with DLC


DLC (Digital Loop Carrier) RT (Remote Terminal) Ex: Occam Networks, Catena

DSL Config #2: DLC based Download @ 8.1 Mbps 5500m/18,000 copper and km/miles of fiber

CO
general datacom DataCom Shelf

HOST

DSLAM PSTN POTS


2-wire copper DSL Copper or Fiber

High Speed Links


SMS

ATM
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DSL Config #3: Remote DSLAM

Remote DSLAM
High Rise Building

Download @ 100 Mbps 300m/1,000 copper + Km/miles of fiber

Copper CO
general datacom

HOST

DSLAM

DataCom Shelf

High Speed Links


SMS

MTU=Multi Tenant Unit

Fiber or Radio

PSTN POTS

ATM
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DSL Configuration Summary


Splitters True Splitterless (only with 3 or less phone sets) Master Splitter (requires telco truck roll) Inline Filters (most popular) CPE (PCI, USB, Router, Gateway, IAD, STB) Configurations DSLAM in the CO with 1:1 users:ports=always on DSLAM in the DLC DSLAM in the building DSL1-44