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Match analysis and heart rate of futsal players during competition
J. C. Barbero-Alvarez , V. M. Soto , V. Barbero-Alvarez & J. Granda-Vera
a b a b a a

Department of Teaching of Corporal Expression Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Available online: 20 May 2008

To cite this article: J. C. Barbero-Alvarez, V. M. Soto, V. Barbero-Alvarez & J. Granda-Vera (2008): Match analysis and heart rate of futsal players during competition, Journal of Sports Sciences, 26:1, 63-73 To link to this article:

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Universidad de Granada. four on-court players and the goalkeeper. V.3 m (s ¼ 11. C. Spain. of which 28. Granada. Each match is officiated by two referees and a linesman. the clock is stopped for some events.3% in these three zones. technical. 85 – 65%.8 kg. body mass 73. double penalties. we conclude that futsal is a multiple-sprints sport in which there are more high-intensity phases than in soccer and other intermittent sports. and tactical demands on players. Corona. s ¼ 5. players spent 83%. SOTO2. handball. high-intensity running. in that like basketball.5. Mean heart rate during the match was 90% (s ¼ 2) of maximum heart rate. ISSN 0264-0414 print/ISSN 1466-447X online Ó 2008 Taylor & Francis DOI: 10. s ¼ 2. M. GRANDA-VERA1 1 Department of Teaching of Corporal Expression and 2Department of Physical Education and Sport. Its organizing body remains FIFA. Spain (Accepted 19 February 2007) Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 Abstract Heart rates were monitored and time – motion analysis performed for 10 players (mean age 25. there was a significant reduction (P 5 0. and 8. so that the intensity and rhythm of the game are very high and do not decline ´ as the match progresses (Alvarez.7% (s ¼ 2) during high-intensity running. 79%). Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Fisica y el Deporte. 18011 Granada. respectively. They have used movement analysis (Carter. 1994b.5% (s ¼ 2. s ¼ 0. competition demands Introduction Futsal (the official name for five-a-side indoor soccer) was introduced in 1930 with the aim of allowing football to be played in restricted spaces. Deutsch. E-mail: vsoto@ugr. court cleaning. and 0. As in basketball. and hockey). and so on. January 1st 2008. BARBERO-ALVAREZ1. two 20-min periods are scheduled.9% (s ¼ 3. 13. However. 26(1): 63 – 73 Match analysis and heart rate of futsal players during competition J. Time – motion analysis indicated that the mean distance covered per minute of play was 117. second period: 86% vs. jogging. V. Mohr. Many researchers have tried to evaluate the demands of competition in these sports using both internal and external performance indicators. Players’ movements were classified as standing. From the results. Futsal is an intermittent sport that makes high physical. and 565% maximum heart rate).6). Correspondence: V. 1998) and the concentrations of blood lactate (Bangsbo.01) in the percentage of time spent at an intensity above 85% of maximum heart rate (first vs. 2003) and measurement of physiological parameters (internal indicators) such as heart rate (Burke. walking. University of Granada.7 kg.75 m. Krustrup. blocking (as in basketball) is frequently used and rotation of the components of the team is as in ice-hockey. A team comprises five players. medical attention. medium-intensity running. under whose auspices international competitions are arranged. It has enjoyed a spectacular increase in popularity over recent years and is played worldwide in both professional and amateur leagues by men and women. stoppages for injuries. BARBERO-ALVAREZ1. and sprinting (maximal speed running).1080/02640410701287289 .4) while sprinting. heart rate. and here there is an important distinction from football.Journal of Sports Sciences. it now has its own character using aspects of different sports (basketball. The maximum number of players in a squad for a match is 12 (ten court players and two goalkeepers). & J. which usually means that the game lasts 75 – 85% longer than the scheduled 40 min. M. It is played on a court of 40620 m with goals of 362 m (the same as in handball). Heart rate records were classified based on the percentage of time spent in three zones (485%. 2002). height 1.2) was covered while performing medium-intensity running. This varies according to the possibilities given by the rules: time-outs. Teams can request a time-out (1 min) in each half and there is a break of 10 min between halves. 1996. & Manonelles. Carretera de Alfacar s/n. boys and girls.06) during four competitive futsal matches. match analysis. From a tactical perspective. During the second period. Soto. Keywords: Futsal. 16%. & Bangsbo.6 years. with an unlimited number of substitutions.

2002) was used. Jones. agreed to participate in the study after being fully informed of what was required of them and providing their written consent. the operator repeated 5 min of real futsal motions 10 times at different speeds (walking. synchronized. handball (Alexander & Boreskie. and smoothed to obtain the results (Barbero. Van Gerven. and adaptations to this model as proposed by several authors (Hernandez. 1. played at the beginning. before the positional register was reconstructed. 1988). Myburgh. 1998) in the Brazilian League. Kielblock.06). Abt. respectively. 2001). Using time – motion analysis and heart rate monitoring.1 – 12. the estimated error is + 8. The possible errors generated by the system are constant and can be easily smoothed using digital filters.5). Barbero-Alvarez et al. indoor football has an extremely high anaerobic component (8. Carlson. Barbero. blood glucose (Jardine.6. and running). & Thorso. or on courts with reduced dimensions (Bello. & McKenna. Van Gool. 2004a). Finally. At high speeds. the aim of the present study was to examine the activity profile and physiological demands associated with the physical effort made by professional futsal players during competitive matches. & D’Ottavio. each recording one half of the court. Mahoney. Wiggins. The accuracy and intra-operator reliability of the method employed was calculated using the following protocol: the same operator was always used for the digitizing phase. Castagna. & Reaburn. with a mean playing experience of 8 years. there has been limited time – motion analysis of futsal players during match-play (Barbero. 1994).5 h per training session and participated in a professional match once a week. Bon. 2002). we have Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 Maw. rugby (Docherty.6 in five players. Pers. & Granda. Soto. & Granda. The results of this analysis showed that the reliability and accuracy of the system is from 0. Based on the descriptions of Reilly and Thomas (1976) and Docherty et al.5% (Barbero.4 to 1. (1988). including soccer (Bangsbo.5 mmol Á l71. The players trained five times per week for *1. and the activity patterns of futsal could differ from other sports since each player has to perform both attacking and defensive tasks. this operator was thoroughly trained in digitizing skills. 1989. 1991..7). & Noakes.64 J. where the spatial and temporal dimensions were well known as a reference square was used. Norregaard. basketball (McInnes. & Boutmans. however. height. Moreover. Next. 1999). Soto. and body mass were 25. although some researchers have carried out time – motion analysis in indoor football. the player was digitized in real-time with specially designed software (Runner v.6 years (s ¼ 2. these studies were undertaken more than a decade ago (1991). 2001.0) so as to follow movements and to determine distances and speeds during the game. & Van der Walt. Synchronization allows adjustment of the data obtained by both cameras. Sibila. 2002). during.8 kg (s ¼ 5. unpublished dates) and requires a cardiovascular demand of between 85 and 90% of individual maximum heart rate. & Dezman. 2004b). Soto. all players (n ¼ 8 – 10) who participated in each match were followed (except the goalkeepers). and 73. A bi-dimensional photogrammetric system (Barbero. 1995). and plasma free fatty acids (Van Rensburg. s ¼ 2. 1986) to establish physiological responses in intermittent team sports. 2003) (Figure 1). 2002. depending on the speed at which the player is moving. Match analysis Players were monitored by a video system during four regular games. Jenkins. when the player is still or moving slowly.75 m (s ¼ 0. 2002). Kovacic. Reconstruction is necessary because the coordinates obtained are deformed because of the perspective. These were done with juvenile category players (Oliveira. 1988). the error is + 2. Wenger. To determine reliability.3 m each 5 min (Barbero et al. & Neary. & Wallace. . Before data acquisition. Methods Participants Ten male professional futsal players on the team of a Spanish Professional Futsal League club. 1988). Only a few scientific studies have been done on futsal. C.. Time – motion analysis has been used to quantify the movements of a range of sports. However. and the smoothing of the player’s positional data is intended to minimize the possible errors produced as a consequence of imprecise digitization. 1. and hockey (Boyle. & Granda. the calculus module (specifically designed and developed software for calculating the kinematic data) allows the results to be generated through numeric or graphic parameters.6 m each 5 min. jogging. The images were captured and stored in a computer using a video capture card (AV Master 98 – Fast Multimedia). Their mean age. Play was recorded by two digital video cameras (Panasonic NV-DS1 EG) set up approximately 5 m from one court sideline and 10 m above the field of play. in most ´ matches reaching maximum heart rate (Alvarez et al. and at the end of the season. analysing more than 10 h of futsal players’ motions. 2003). but published only recently (Hernandez. range 4. 1998). Van der Linde. All games were played on a high-quality indoor court consisting of a parquet flooring system.

walking. the threshold used in this study to correspond to ‘‘very vigorous’’ exercise was 4170 beats Á min71. Ekelund and colleagues (2001) suggested a heart rate above 160 beats Á min71 as the absolute heart rate corresponding to ‘‘very vigorous’’. and time spent on the bench). From the stored data. since for all participants this heart rate was found to be above (1 – 3 beats Á min71) maximal treadmill-determined heart rates during an incremental test (Conconi test). 1992).7 – 10. the distances covered and time spent in each of the match categories were obtained with customized software. excluding breaks at half time or time-outs. and maximal speed running (sprinting) (Table I). jogging.Futsal match analysis and heart rate 65 Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 Figure 1.36 0. high-intensity running.1 – 3 3. S. Table I.6 3. Coplan. medium-intensity running. the heart rate associated with various _ percentages of maximal oxygen intake (V O2max) was used to prescribe exercise intensity.1 – 7 47. and the game was defined in terms of ‘‘playing time’’ (the whole time participants spent on court.2 – 1 1. Match categories. Gleim.A. As our participants were professional athletes. Methodological stages. ´ Continuous heart rate recordings were successfully recorded for all participants throughout each match..1 0.1 – 25 425. established the following categories for the analysis of match activities: standing. Barcelona. Categories Standing Walking Jogging Medium-intensity running High-intensity running Maximal speed running Speed (m Á s71) 0 – 0. which can be . we considered 85% of maximum heart rate (HRmax) to correspond to the most vigorous activity (Stachenfeld.1 Speed (km Á h71) 0 – 0.9 – 18 18. Heart rate Heart rate was recorded continuously in four official matches every 5 s using a Polar Vantage NV (Polar Electro Iberica. Similarly. Spain).1 – 5 5.1 Although simple rules for heart rate prescription are imprecise. Maximum heart rate was taken to be the highest heart rate achieved during match-play.8 10. Eskenazi. & Nicholas.37 – 3.

while high-intensity efforts (i. The mean distances covered walking and jogging were 397 m (s ¼ 214.5) and 39. aerobic zone or moderate activity (65 – 85% HRmax). those above 5 m Á s71) account for 22. Relative time was determined in three intensity zones based on the classification proposed by Woolford and Angove (1991) and the recommendations of the ACSM: supra-threshold or very vigorous activity (485% HRmax). and sub-aerobic or low activity (565% HRmax).6% of the distance covered: 13. Statistical significance was set at P 5 0. Statistical analysis Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 Data collection. However.3 m Á min71 (s ¼ 11.5% (s ¼ 2. and thus a total of 27 samples were analysed (6. the relative distance (distance considered to be equivalent to 80% of peak oxygen uptake. Example of the mean distance covered per minute by each player in the first and second halves of a game of futsal. 8. range 204 – 3216) respectively (Figure 3).0% (s ¼ 1.4). Mean values for match activities and heart rates were compared. range 113 – 783). The mean total distances covered during the first and second halves were 2496 m (s ¼ 1025. although the increased distance covered (3.8%) was not significant (Figure 4).and high-intensity running were 1232 m (s ¼ 605. range 601 – 8040) and the mean distance covered per minute of play was Figure 2. Differences between the two halves were compared using a Student’s t-test. and ranges. and analysis were performed using a Microsoft Office Excel 2003 spreadsheet and the SPSS for Windows statistical package (v.66 J. First and second halves. 11.0).e. Data are presented as means. range 754 – 4392) and 2596 m (s ¼ 932. range 90 – 1052) respectively. The mean distances covered by players during medium. and 7 players for each of the matches). 28. range 151 – 2423) and 571 m (s ¼ 271. players who did not take part in both halves were excluded. range 400 – 4395) respectively. treatment. Barbero-Alvarez et al. 117. . Comparison was made of heart rates recorded and speed attained during the first and last 5 min of each half. These results show that futsal players are walking and jogging 9. 6. C. Results Distances covered The mean total distance covered during match play was 4313 m (s ¼ 2139.7% (s ¼ 2) as high-intensity running and 8. standard deviations (s).05. Also. range 102. range 39 – 718) and 1762 m (s ¼ 935.2) of the distance is covered at medium speed.4) as maximum efforts or sprints. The mean distance covered at maximum speed was 349 m (s ¼ 175.6.9% (s ¼ 3.7 – 145. When comparing the first and second halves.9% (s ¼ 4. Examples of individual distances covered during a minute for each player are displayed in Figure 2.1) of the mean distance covered respectively.

Percentages. Total distance and distance covered per minute during the first and second half in a futsal match (players taking part in both halves of the match). . HIR ¼ high-intensity running.Futsal match analysis and heart rate 67 Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 Figure 3. Figure 4. MIR ¼ mediumintensity running. standard deviations. and mean distances covered in the different categories established in this study.

029 respectively). since heart rate exceeded 170 beats Á min71 for 77. range 10 – 32) of playing time.6%.1%. s ¼ 3. Very vigorous activity: the time spent above 85% of maximum heart rate was 83% (s ¼ 67. producing an increase in the percentage of time (5. P ¼ 0.1 vs. If the percentages of time that a player’s heart rate remained within a particular range is analysed. No such differences were found in the two halves for the distance covered in the established categories.029).7 m vs. which was significantly different (P ¼ 0. range 50 – 96%) of the time in the first half and 66. Equally. First and second halves. Nevertheless. C. the mean heart rate was 174 beats Á min71 (s ¼ 7. The mean intensity during the match represents 90% of maximum heart rate (s ¼ 2.6% (s ¼ 20. the percentage of the distance covered at high intensity decreased significantly (13.9%.7. range 164 – 181). Barbero-Alvarez et al. Low activity: the time spent below 65% of maximum heart rate was 0. range 86 – 93). During the second half.8% vs. range 42 – 90%) . range 0 – 1) of playing time. there were statistically significant Figure 5. s ¼ 6. by establishing the percentages at different intensities with respect to each individual’s maximum heart rate.3%.017) only was observed between the first and second halves in the range 150 – 160 beats Á min71. 12.1% HRmax) was significantly lower (P 5 0.9%.000 and P ¼ 0.3% (s ¼ 0.1% of HRmax) (Figure 6). Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 covered per minute played) decreased by 7. during futsal games. the following mean values were obtained: . range 101 – 129).023). medium-intensity running or maximum speed categories were noted (Figure 5). but no differences in the jogging. Percentages and standard deviations of distance covered in the different categories in the first and second half. Equally. 88. 21%) or for the total distance covered at high intensity (525 m vs.68 J. s ¼ 2. 9.8) for this category. the percentage of the total distance total covered standing and walking increased significantly (P ¼ 0. s ¼ 2. 91. except for the periods in the standing category (P ¼ 0. range 92 – 147) in the first half to 111 m Á min71 (s ¼ 9.4% (s ¼ 14. it can be seen that heart rate exceeded 170 beats Á min71 (vigorous activity) for 72% (s ¼ 16. 543 m).013): 0. 1 m.01) than in the first half (176 beats Á min71.3. range 67 – 90) of playing time. The mean heart rate during the second half (172 beats Á min71. Moderate activity: the time spent between 65% and 85% of maximum heart rate was 16% (s ¼ 6. from 118 m Á min71 (s ¼ 13. of the time played in the match. A significant difference (P ¼ 0. Heart rate In the four games analysed. range 34 – 91) in the second half. . .5. No significant differences were observed between halves for the percentage of the total distance at high intensity (21% vs. The frequency distributions for heart rate during the two halves and the means are shown in Figure 7.

Oliveira. 1999). characteristics of the match itself. . s ¼ 9. much higher than the 108 m Á min71 reported by Molina (1992) in Brazilian futsal and slightly higher than the 113 m Á min71 reported by Oliveira (1999) in Portugese juveniles.4 vs. there was a significant increase (P ¼ 0. The similarity in the data obtained by Oliveira (1999) and ourselves in comparison with Molina’s 1992 estimates appears to indicate an increase in the demands and dynamics of the game in the last decade. In the second half.2%. as shown by the range.3 m Á min71 (s ¼ 11. range 601 – 8040) and depended on the time participated in the game. a fact reflected in the greater distance covered per minute.009) of the time spent at intensities above 85% of maximum heart rate (86. s ¼ 6. The development of offensive (4 in line) and defensive (pressure in all parts of the court) tactics has increased the demands made by competition.6). The total distance covered cannot be taken as a performance indicator in sports with unlimited substitutions. We believe that in team sports with unlimited numbers of changes. Discussion The aim of the present study was to examine the activity profile and physiological loads associated with the physical effort made by professional futsal (five-a-side indoor soccer) players during competitive matches. range 622 – 4026). The values found differ slightly from those reported in similar studies (Bello. unlike other team sports such as football or rugby. 20. differences in heart rate distributions between halves (P ¼ 0. Nevertheless.001.6) and a statistically significant reduction (P ¼ 0.1%. tactical disposition. 2001.4%. Mean heart rate and percentage of individual maximum heart rate during the first and second half.4).Futsal match analysis and heart rate 69 Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 Figure 6. These values correspond to a mean participation time of 2587 s (s ¼ 509. In this study. The mean distance covered was 4313 m (s ¼ 2139. **P 5 0. all in some way can affect the amount of space covered by players. There were also significant differences for the relative time spent at different intensities (Figure 8). This discrepancy in results could be due to differences in methods of analysis. s ¼ 6.5%. s ¼ 9. Hernandez. the distance covered per minute (relative distance) is more representative of the general intensity of the exercise and can be used as an overall index to provide more precise information about the demands of competition. 1998. It should be emphasized that the total movement of players on the court is affected by many different parameters: position on the field. 79.. as well as the standards of participants who took part in the studies (senior professional players or juveniles) (Table II).. the total distance covered by futsal players is very similar to that covered by basketball players (McInnes et al.4 vs. 1995) and handball team players (Pers et al.025). 2002). the average distance covered per minute was 117.011) in the time that the player spent at intensities between 65 and 85% of maximum heart rate (13.

Barbero-Alvarez et al. Figure 7. *P 5 0. .05. Percentages of time spent in different heart rate ranges during the first and second half and the mean. C.Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 70 J.

1994b. In futsal. 1994). field of play.4 m Á min71.1 + 1024. 1973). s ¼ 932). Indeed. for example.. s ¼ 9). *P 5 0.30 + 11. 2596 m. Table II. Reilly. Authors Bello (1998) Molina (1992) Oliveira (1999) Hernandez (2001) Present study 1st half 2nd half Whole match 5271 4072 4076 + 427 6535.9 vs. Saltin. and work means the distance covered at medium. Van Gool et al. high or maximum speed.7 + 932 Although the total distance covered increased by 3.2). 1989) or football (Bangsbo. This paradox is explained by the notable increase (12.2 + 2138. 1973). This fatigue was less pronounced in individuals with high aerobic power and the decline in performance was related to a reduction in glycogen reserves in the leg muscles (Saltin.9 2058 + 209 2595..6 m Á min71. Percentages of time spent in low activity (565% HRmax). Although making comparisons with research in other sports has its limitations due to differences in rules. some useful comparisons can be made with other intermittent team sports. the reduction in the distance covered per minute of participation in the second half may be related to the decline in the intensity or work rate towards the end of the game as a result of muscular fatigue. A reduction in the distance covered in the second half has been observed in football (Bangsbo et al. revealing the high demands imposed by competition and suggesting that it is one of the most demanding sports. there was a significant reduction (7. s ¼ 304. We did not observe significant differences among the various specific positions either in the distance or .8% in the second half (2496 m.6 m Á min71 108 113. 1995).2 vs.1%) in the distance covered per minute (118. 1988). where rest means the player is stationary. the percentage of the total distance covered at high and maximum speed (high-intensity exercise) is greater than in basketball (McInnes et al. s ¼ 10.3 4313..6 2018 + 296 2496.Futsal match analysis and heart rate 71 Downloaded by [b-on: Biblioteca do conhecimento online UC] at 05:26 08 November 2011 Figure 8.4 117. handball (Alexander & Boreskie. s ¼ 1025 vs. and duration.01. Average distances per period and totals (m). walking or jogging. although other factors such as dehydration and physiological changes within the muscle cell could be implicated (Bangsbo. Moreover. 1991. the work-to-rest ratio is 1:1.2%) in the total time played in the second half (2236 s. 110.05. 2509 s. moderate activity (65 – 85% HRmax) and very vigorous activity (485% HRmax) during the first and second half and the mean. 1994a. **P 5 0. s ¼ 12.

(1994a). 110 – 116. To summarize. E... Finally. Burke.4% vs 20. Bangsbo. 67. (2004a). Soto. R. Necesidades cardiovasculares y metabolicas del futbol-sala: ´ ´ analisis de la competicion. L. J.. J. & Granda. L. Soto. Champaign. A. R. Boyle. During the second half. We observed important differences in heart rate between the first and second halves. 1 – 156. Melilla. 110. Heart rate monitoring and training.. s ¼ 4. which is in contrast to other sports such as basketball. the futsal player’s heart rate remains above 85% of maximum heart rate for 83. M... J. J. An analysis of fitness and time – motion characteristics of handball. Reilly. suppl. In World Congress on Science and Football V (Book of abstracts). Norregaard. 3 – 19). (2002). while there was a decrease in the percentage at intensities above 85% of maxiumum. Krustrup. M. almost a quarter (22. & Manonelles. Effort profiling during indoor soccer competition. Mahoney. Barbero. C. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. Design and validation of a photogrammetric system for the kinematic evaluation in sport competition. the time that a player’s heart rate remained above 170 beats Á min71 was reduced. Certainly. apart from goalkeeepers who were excluded from the present analysis. V. 17. indicating some similarity both in the quantity and quality of the movements made by all the players on the court. Anderson. on occasions.. Similar results have been reported for football. F. Canadian Journal of Sports Science. The mean heart rates and percentages of maximum heart rate recorded during futsal play in the present study were generally higher than those recorded for football. J. and handball. J.72 J. Barbero-Alvarez et al. heart rate rarely falls below 150 beats Á min71. Soares. There was a significant decrease in the distances covered at high speed in relative terms (percentages) during the second halves. Apunts. J. 71 – 78. the percentage of the total distance covered at maximum speed did not vary (7. Soto. Also. ´ ´ Bangsbo. Bangsbo.. because rest periods are short and incomplete. There was a reduction in mean heat rate and in the percentage of maximum heart rate in the second half. Barbero. there are reductions in the mean heart rate and the percentage of maximum heart rate. & Boreskie. & Thorso. J. P. futsal players can fulfil two or even three distinct functions (universal player) depending on the circumstances of the match.. V. C. where a drop of 10 beats Á min71 between the first and second half was observed (164 vs. ´ ´ Una aplicacion practica para el futbol sala. p. 77.8%) were similar. 1995. A ciencia do esporte aplicada do futsal. However. Fitness training in football: A scientific approach. Barbero. IL: Human Kinetics.7) is spent at high intensity and can. while at the same time the categories of standing and walking increased.. Equally. Loftin.6%. and an increase in the relative time spent between 65 and 85% of maximum heart rate. Doctoral thesis. 34. J. These values indicate that for more than 80% of the time spent on court. M. 1996). Apunts. J. Lytton.42 vs. and basketball matches (Alexander & Boreskie. ´ Alvarez. (2004b). & Granda. soccer. 1994a). in the percentage distance covered at different intensities. Corona. McInnes et al. 1996. & Warren. 500 – 501. & Bangsbo. S. ´ Bello. (1991). N. Equally. C.. 619. P. so that the percentages covered at high intensities (21. Activity profile of competition soccer. the analysis of the amount of high-intensity exercise during a soccer match showed no significant difference between the first and second half of a game (Rebelo. (1998). In relative terms. 151. 244. Analisis de la ´ frecuencia cardiaca durante la competicion en jugadores pro´ fesionales de futbol sala.. 235 – 241. J. This evidence seems to demonstrate the versatilty of futsal players. while the very vigorous activity or the time spent at intensities over 85% of maximum declines during the second half. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. The higher heart rate in futsal is probably a result of the high load on the anaerobic metabolism. Gimenez. J. there was a marked increase in the percentage of time when heart rate was between 65 and 85% of maximum. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1989. (2002). greater than that demanded in other team sports. the present study shows that of the total distance covered by professional futsal players. although there are no differences in the percentages of high-intensity exercise between the two halves. 76 – 82. handball. the player is performing very vigorous activity. exceed a third. Rio de Janeiro: Editorial Sprint. Precision heart rate and training (pp. (1989). Pittman. 45 – 53. rugby. L. ´ Spain. the team’s needs at a specific moment or the characteristics of the players on the court at that time.. C. ´ ´ ´ Facultad de Educacion y Humanidades de Melilla. 154 beats Á min71) (Bangsbo. 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