Steel Industry

Market Demand
The crude steel production in India registered a moderate year-on-year growth of 2.7% in 2009 and reached 56.6 Million Metric Tons. Total Finished steel (alloy+non-alloy)  Apr-Dec 2010-11 :- Consumption/Demand 44275 (‘000 tonne) The Working Group on Steel Industry set up by the Planning Commission for the 11th Five-Year Plan (2007-12) had projected a total demand of 70.34 million tonne for finished steel and a total production of 80.23 million tonne of crude steel by the end of the 11th Plan, that is, 2011-12. Both the 11th Plan projections and the NSP targets are likely to be considerably surpassed. Indian steel consumption during April to January of fiscal year 2011-2012 increased by 5.5% year on year to 57.24 million tons, according to the ministry of steel. Indian steel consumption was 54.24 mill tons in the first 10 months of the last fiscal. India's steel consumption may grow by just 4.3% in 2011 to 67.7 million tonne, premier industry body World Steel Association (WSA) said today. In 2012, India's steel demand will touch 14.3 per cent, reaching 79 million tonne per year, according to the data made available by the World Steel Association (WSA)

Market Supply
Crude steel production in India in 2010 is 66.80 metric tonnes. Total Finished steel(‘000 tonne) (alloy+non-alloy) Apr-Dec 2010-11 : Production 47296 , Import 5359, Export 2462 Crude Steel(‘000 tonne) Apr-Dec 2010-11* : Capacity 56597, Production 50594 India’s crude steel production capacity rose to 78 million tonnes (mt) in 2010-11, a 7.2% increase from 72.76 mt in the previous year, according to an official release. Output of crude steel was 68.32 million tonnes during 2010. India‟s current steel production capacity is 62 million tonne per annum, including both public and private producers. According to the Ministry of Steel, by 2011-12, the capacity is expected to touch 124 million tonne per annum on the back of major expansion plans announced by the steel producers. According to the Steel Ministry, around 222 MoU‟s have been signed with various states for planned capacity of around 276 million tonne. CAPACITY EXPANSION PLANS ANNOUNCED BY STATES:State Orissa Jharkhand Chattisgarh West Bengal Other states Total Source:Annual Reports 2010 No. of MoU signed 49 65 74 12 22 222 Capacity (million tonne per annum) 75.66 104.23 56.61 21 18.2 275.7*

to set up their 12 million tonne integrated steel plant in Orissa has given the Indian steel industry a feel of what 'globalisation' is all about.  The JSPL having major facility in Raigarh district will enhance its steel making capacity to 6 Million Tonne (MT) in next three years and later expand it to 10 MT. South Korea. achieving a sponge iron output of 6. For the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-12).  Jindal Steel and Power is commissioning integrated steel plant with an investment of Rs 18500 crore at Patratu.67 crore till the end of December 2010.08 crore (i.79 mtpa.08 crore and Gross Budgetary Support [GBS] of Rs.96 crore). the steel production by Integrated Steel Plant in Jharkhand will be 25 MT by 2015.  Electro Steel is installing integrated Steel Plant near Chas with an investment of Rs 4000 crore. The company is setting up a 3 MT steel plant near Jagdalpur.217 crore).  According to the state steel & mines minister Raghunath Mohanty.2 MT steel plants respectively in Bastar region. Orissa  The state government had inked Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with 50 steel players.59 crore). the Planning Commission has approved total outlay of Rs. Jharkhand  Tata Steel has increased capacity upto 6. Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd-Sambalpur ( Rs 7000 crore).  The Tata and Essar groups are also in the line as both the companies have signed memoranda of understanding with the Chhattisgarh government to set up a 5.The decision of Posco. JSL Ltd-Kalinganagar (Rs 5367. There are many small companies in the state that are setting up steel plants. Partly commissioned.45607. Chhattisgarh  The mineral rich state of Chhattisgarh will be in a position to produce 32 per cent of country’s total steel production by 2015. the steel sector in the state has recorded an investment of Rs 51940. Jindal Steel & Power Ltd-Angul (Rs 8470.45390.5 MT in next couple of years.  With these. To be commissioned by March 2011. Adhunik Metalicks Ltd-Kuarnmunda .e. BSP is on a modernization and expansion plan to take up its steel making capacity to 7. Essar Steel Orissa Ltd-Paradip (Rs 5077 crore). attracting investments of over Rs 2 lakh crore of which 30 small and medium steel projects had begun partial production  Even though the big ticket projects of Posco and ArcelorMittal are yet to take off in Orissa.7 MT is underway with an estimated investment of Rs 14000 crore to be completed by March 2012.  Among the steel investors who have made significant investments in the state are Bhushan Steel Ltd-Dhenkanal (Rs 12000 crore). This was soon followed by Mittal Group's announcement of plans to set up their 12 million tonne integrated steel unit in Orissa.24 million tonne per annum (mtpa) and steel capacity of 7.5 MT and 3. Internal and Extra Budgetary Resources [I&EBR] of Rs.8 MT with an investment of Rs 5000 crore and expansion up to 9.  The National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC)—country’s largest iron-ore producer and exporters having major mining operations in Chhattisgarh—has also ventured into steel production.  Atibir Industries has already set up a steel plant. Likewise. 29 out of these 50 steel firms have begun partial production.

  LOW LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY o  HIGH COST OF BASIC INPUTS AND SERVICES o The electricity. Impact on Business/ Key issues/Challenges:   The cost of power and non availability of metallurgical coke.60 crore).        Poor quality of basic infrastructure like road. Unremunerative prices making it difficult for the companies to maintain capital costs. Besides. at comparable capacities labour productivity of SAIL and TISCO is 75 t/man year and 100 t/man year. The total capacity would be six million tonnes and the two plants are likely to be operational by 2015. Japan the values are 1345 t/man year and 980 t/man year. and High level taxation.83 crore) and Tata Steel-Kalinganagar (Rs 1302. parallel flange light weight beams. Added to this are poor quality and ever increasing prices of coking and non-coking coal. . The third plant.000 crore. port etc Lack of expenditure in research and development. availability of raw material is also not in tune with the demand and only 1. certain key ingredients of steel making. high ash content of indigenous coking coal adversely affecting the productive efficiency of ironmaking and is generally imported. Korea and NIPPON. cost of electricity is 3 cents in the USA as compared to 10 cents in India. e. HIGH COST OF CAPITAL o Steel is a capital intensive industry.200 crore. Orissa to manufacture steel with an investment of Rs 10.g. eg.4% in Japan and 6. Visa Steel-Kalinganagar (Rs 1626. JSW Steel today reported a decline of over 24 per cent in steel production for February at 6. the quality of iron ore. Delay in absorption in technology by existing units. Quality and availability of some of the essential raw materials available in India. Advantage of high Fe content of indigenous ore is often neutralized by high basic index. is deteriorating as the stock of 25 million tonnes in Karnataka is getting exhausted. coated sheets etc. Lack of facilities to produce various shapes and qualities of finished steel on-demand such as steel for automobile sector. which is being set up with an investment of Rs 50.10 lakh tonnes (LT) compared to the January production level of 8. sold through Supreme Courtmandated E-auction route.17 MT of ore was sold last month through the auction route against the industry requirement of 3 MT. steel companies in India are charged an interest rate of around 14% on capital as compared to 2.  (Rs 1740 crore). the world’s third largest mining company. e. nickel. JSW problem: According to the JSW statement. Marred by inferior quality of iron ore. JSPL will set up two plants in Angul.. Limited access of domestic producers to good quality iron ores which are normally earmarked for exports. eg. will invest in a $2 billion iron ore project in Orissa to supply clients in India and overseas with the steel making material. for POSCO.4% in USA. and freight cost from Jamshedpur to Mumbai is $50/tonne compared to only $34 from Rotterdam to Mumbai. the advantages of cheap labour gets offset by low labour productivity. Besides.g. Rio Tinto. ferromolybdenum are also unavailable indigenously. Low quality of steel and steel products. will help to convert coke into gasoline and will be operational in 2017.05 LT. In India.

Long Term  Investing more in R&D and hence find new methods to develop steel.  Find out substitutes to traditional raw materials in steel production to gain first mover advantage. .  R&D will help in producing new better and different qualities of steel and that too at low costs by increasing the operational efficiency and supply chain integration.  Training camps for labour to increase the productivity and efficiency of labour.  Introduce Quality check during procurement of iron ore to remove the problems of low quality raw materials and hence decline in the steel production.  Strategically position new steel plants to remove the problems of infrastructure and taxation.  Investments in infrastructure to reduce transaction and freight cost.  Should invest more in iron ore mining and find out new reserves to remove the problems of raw material supply.How to strategize on key issues/Action Plan: Short and Medium term  Do market surveys to successfully plug in the gaps in the demand and supply and capture market share by finding out the latent needs.  Use of internally generated power (Jindal powers) to have a competitive advantage in the price and availability of power.  More emphasis on quality and efficiency.

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