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Additional Mathematics Applications of Integration 1.

. The diagram below shows the curve y = x 3 6 x 2 + 5 x , which crosses the x-axis at the origin O, the points A and B. The tangent to the curve at the point (4, crosses 12) the x-axis at the point C. (i) Find the coordinates of A, of B and of C. [5] (ii) Find the area of the shaded region. [5]

y = x 3 6x 2 + 5x
0 A B C x

(4, 12)

2. y

P(5, 6)

y = 3 x

x In the diagram, the curve y = 3 x 1 cuts the x-axis at 1. The tangent at the point P(5, 6) on the curve cuts the x-axis at Q. (i) (ii) Find the equation of the line PQ. State the coordinates of Q. [4] [1] [3]

(iii) Evaluate

5 1

3 x 1 dx.

(iv) Calculate the area of the shaded region. 3.

[2]

(1,1)

y=

1 (2 x 1) 3

P(

x=3

x Q O In the diagram above (not drawn to scale), the line PQ is normal to the curve 1 3 1 y= 3 at the point P , . (2 x 1) 2 8 (a) Find the equation of the line PQ, giving your answer in the form ax + by + c = 0 , where a, b and c are integers. (b) Find the length of OQ. 1 (c) Show that the shaded area bounded by the line PQ, the curve y = (2 x 1) 3 line x = 3 and the x-axis is approximately 0.0554 units 2 . 4.

[5] [2] , the [4]

The figure shows part of the curve x = y 2 + 4 y + 3 and the line y = x 3 . The curve and the line intersect at points A and C where A lies on the x-axis and B and C lie on the y-axis. Find (i) (ii) the coordinates of the points A, B and C, the area of the shaded region.
y

[4] [4]

A O B

5.

The diagram shows part of the curve x = ( y 4) 2 and part of the line 2 y = x . Calculate (i) the coordinates of P and of Q, (ii) the ratio of the area of shaded region A to the area of the shaded region B. [2] [8]

2y = x Q

x = (y 4)2 x

6.

y
7. The diagram shows part of the curve y = 2 cos x + 3 sin 2 x .

x
5

2
Find the area of the shaded region, bounded by the curve, the coordinate axes and the line x = 8.

5 . 6

The figure shows part of the graph y = sin x . Calculate the area of the shaded region.
y

1 .5

0 .5

x -3 - 5 /2 -2 - 3 /2 - - /2 /2 3 /2 2

- 0 .5
y =sinx

-1

- 1 .5

[6]

9.

(i) (ii)

On the same axes, sketch the curves of y = x 2 and y = x3 for 0 x 2 . Find the area under each curve for 0 x 1 .

[2] [3] [3]

(iii) By observing the curves, which of

area? Explain your answer from your sketches, and confirm this by calculation.

x 2 dx or

x3 dx would have a greater

10.

and a line AB that The diagram shows part of the curve y = 3 cos x 6 passes through the minimum point on the curve. Find the area of the shaded region which is bounded by the line AB, the y-axis, the x-axis and the curve.
y A

B [6]

y = 3 cos x 6

Applications of Integration Answer Key 1. 2. (i) A(1, 0), B (5, 0) & C ( (i) 4y = 3x + 9 (iii) 16 (a) 64 x 24 y 93 = 0 (i) A(3,0), B (0,1), C (0,3) (i) P = ( 4, 2 ), Q = ( 16, 8 ) 32 , 0) 5 (ii) 39.9 sq units (ii) Q( 0) 3, (iv) 8 sq units (b) OQ = 93 29 or 1 units 64 64

3. 4. 5.
6.

(ii) 4.5 sq units


(ii) 5 : 27

7.

area = 3 + 1.25 3.70 sq units (ii) (iii)

= 4.25

8. 9.

x 2 dx =
2 1

1 units2, 3
2 1

x3 dx =

1 units2 4
2

x 3 dx > x 2 dx , larger area enclosed between the function of y = x3 and the

xaxis, with y = x 3 above y = x 2 for 1 x 2 , units

x 3 dx = 3

3 units2, 4

x 2 dx = 2

1 3

10. 7.5 sq units