This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Experiment EXP5: TOTAL PERSULFATE NITROGEN (TPN) NOR HASLIZA BINTI ABD HAMID Name Lecturer Name DR. SHARIFF CHE IBRAHIM ERNIE JALALIN 2010464852 2010882612
the gradual change of water bodies into marshes. Because of these challenges. organic. and then forests. Ammonia is toxic to fish. meadows. These nitrites then interfere with the oxygen-carrying capacity of the hemoglobin in blood). nitrate. each of these forms is biologically convertible to one of the other forms. 2 . Under the right conditions. Excess nitrogen discharged into our waterways can contribute to eutrophication. it is important to properly collect. From complex organisms like animals to the simple bacteria used to treat wastes in an activated sludge treatment facility. But too much nitrogen freely available in the environment can be a bad thing. preserve. every living thing needs some form of nitrogen to survive. This creates certain challenges in the treatment of nitrogen in wastewater. Certain forms of nitrogen can cause specific problems too.0 Introduction: ______________________________________________________________________________ Nitrogen is an essential ingredient in the formation of proteins for cell growth. and nitrates at high enough dosages in the drinking water cause methemoglobinemia in infants (Nitrates convert to nitrites in the stomach.TOTAL PERSULFATE NITROGEN (TPN) Title: ______________________________________________________________________________ Experiment 6: Total Persulfate Nitrogen (TPN) 1. It can also contribute to massive algae blooms leading to oxygen depletion in water and its associated problems. and analyzes samples for the specific forms of nitrogen so that the appropriate treatment of these wastes can be made. and nitrite. In the wastewater field we are concerned with several forms of nitrogen: ammonia.
5 Treated w/w (mg/L) 31.17 Percent reduction 3 .2 79.TOTAL PERSULFATE NITROGEN (TPN) 2.0 Objective: ______________________________________________________________________________ To oxidized all form of nitrogen to nitrates by percolate in alkaline solution 3.0 Data/Results: ______________________________________________________________________________ Refer to Appendix 1(a) Raw waste water Treated water Reading from Hach: • • • • Raw waste water Treated waste water DI water Standard : 40mg/L : 19mg/L : 0 mg/L :21 : 1ml sample + 14ml distilled water : 1ml of sample + 7ml distilled water TPN value Gp 1 Standard (mg/L) 21 Raw w/w (mg/L) 124.
which means the colour of treated sample reflects the concentration of the parameter. In this experiment. It is because it contains higher nitrogen compare to the sample. Mean that there is % of nitrogen has been removed in the experiment. Based on our result.17% percent reduction.17%. the TPN value for raw waste water and treated waste water was 600mg/L and 152 mg/L respectively with 79. The percentage reduction is determined by the formula: % reduction = TPN sample wastewater – TPN Deionized water TPN sample wastewater There are several errors occur while doing the experiment. While observing the result. total nitrogen is determined by adding chemicals to convert all of the nitrogen in a sample to nitrate and nitrite. Regarding to the result obtained the standard has been accurately prepared. A chemical is added to the water sample and the darker the colour of the sample. Blank determination is very important to detect and compensate systematic errors in an analysis. The content of nitrogen in the waters is an important index to measure water quality. The highest percent reduction show that the highest of amount Nitrogen that removed from waste water. The blank gives colourless solution means that this method doesn’t have any error. and the technique of remote sensing plays a large role in monitoring the change in environment. we have prepared blank determination by performing all steps of analysis in absence of sample. Nitrate and nitrite are most often measured using a colorimetric method (spectrometer).The percentage reduction of the total nitrogen is 79. Every effort should be made to blend and mix the sample so that solids are never excluded from any aliquot. Errors is may occur during measured volume of wastewater sample that to transfer to the vial because this volume is very small. The largest error is caused by using a non homogeneous sample.0 Discussion and Questions: ______________________________________________________________________________ In this experiment.TOTAL PERSULFATE NITROGEN (TPN) 4. we can see that the standard gives strong yellow colour of solution. 4 . the more nitrate or nitrite present.
What are the environmental effects of excessive nitrogen in water? Excess nitrogen discharged into our waterways can contribute to eutrophication. 5. High amount of nitrite and nitrate will cause blue baby syndrome when they react with hemoglobin. errors should be reduced to get a great result of experiment. chlorophyll.0 Conclusion: ______________________________________________________________________________ This experiment can be use for the intended purpose. Name the sources of nitrogen in water and wastewater The sources of the nitrogen in water in wastewater are proteins.17% percent reduction. The TPN value for raw waste water and treated waste water was 600mg/L and 152 mg/L respectively with 79. the objective in the experiment is achieved in which to determine Total Persulfate Nitrogen (TPN) is measure of nitrogen in form of ammonia. Certain forms of nitrogen can cause specific problems too. limited the capability to carry oxygen. organic nitrogen. meadows. and then forests. Ammonia is toxic to fish. They also can cause brown blood disease when they enter the bloodstream through gills and limited capability to carry oxygen. the gradual change of water bodies into marshes. Therefore. These nitrites then interfere with the oxygencarrying capacity of the hemoglobin in blood). 5 . nitrate and nitrite. and nitrates at high enough dosages in the drinking water cause methemoglobinemia in infants (Nitrates convert to nitrites in the stomach. All form of nitrogen can be oxidizing to nitrate via percolate in alkaline solution.TOTAL PERSULFATE NITROGEN (TPN) QUESTION: 1. It can also contribute to massive algae blooms leading to oxygen depletion in water and its associated problems. animal wastes. fertilizers and from agricultural activities. 2.
Methods of Analysis for Water and Wastewater. 2007. 2000. 7.0 Appendix: ______________________________________________________________________________ Appendices 1(a) (Experimental Results and calculations) Raw waste water Treated water Reading from Hach: • • • • Raw waste water Treated waste water DI water Standard : 40mg/L : 19mg/L : 0 mg/L :21 : 1ml sample + 14ml distilled water : 1ml of sample + 7ml distilled water TPN value Gp Standard Raw w/w Treated w/w Percent reduction 6 .org/stable/2835260 www. Manual of Practical: Kasmawati Mohamed & Lee Kok Kheng.2 Book References: www.aslo.TOTAL PERSULFATE NITROGEN (TPN) 6.pdf Book References: Skoog. Analytical Chemistry: An Introduction.1 6.jstor. 2000.UPENA.0 References: ______________________________________________________________________________ 6.org/lo/toc/vol_22/issue_4/0760. West. Brook/Cole Thomson Learning. 7th Edition. Holler and Crough.
17 Calculation: TPN value = value from Hach x dilution factor = 40 x 15 = 600mg/L Treated w/water = 19 x 8 = 152 mg/L Percent Reduction = (raw w/w – treated w/w) x100 TPN value = (600– 152) x 100 600 = 79.17% 7 .2 79.5 (mg/L) 31.TOTAL PERSULFATE NITROGEN (TPN) (mg/L) 1 21 (mg/L) 124.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.