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Sikkim Manipal University

MBA - Model Question Paper Research Methodology MB0050 (4 credits) Total Time: 2 hours 140
Notes: 1. Question paper has three parts i.e. Part A, Part B and Part C 2. Part A consist 40 questions of 1 mark each 3. Part B consist 20 questions of 2 marks each. 4. Part C consist 15 questions of 4 marks each. 5. All questions are compulsory [total 75 questions]

Total Marks:

PART A (One mark questions)

1) Carrying out an organised inquiry is called A. B. C. D. Research Survey Analysis Methodology _.

2) Logical reasoning process used in research is important to A. Draw inferences

B. Make studies C. Derive problem statements D. Frame hypothesis 3) Research really begins when the researcher experiences _. A. Turmoil B. Difficulty C. Confusion D. Emotions 4) Observable experience in research is also called as A. Generalisation B. Unknown phenomena C. Causal experience D. Empirical evidence _.

5) The assignment of numbers to represent properties is a definition related to - A. Research B. Hypothesis C. Measurement D. Scales 6) Stability means - A. Accurate B. Broad C. Consistency

D. Depth 7) Construct validity will be developed by the researcher based on A. Theoretical reasoning B. Empirical evidence C. Investigation D. Observation _.

8) When ranks are assigned to objects based on their properties or characteristics then the level of measurement is described as A. Interval measurement B. Nominal measurement C. Ordinal measurement D. Scientific 9) Delhis temperature in the last 2 days was less than 10 degrees compared to Chandigarhs which was 12 degrees. This kind of study uses which level of measurement? A. Ratio B. Nominal C. Ordinal D. Interval 10) A. B. C. D. _means to tell whether or not the hypothesis seems to be valid. Null hypothesis Testing of hypothesis Alternative hypothesis Type 1 and Type 2 errors

11) From which of these a research problem could be identified?

A. Daily experiences B. Advertisements C. Experiments D. Imagination 12) When the respondent is given enough time and opportunity to answer questions given in a questionnaire, then such type of questionnaire is called as A. Structured B. Formal C. Unstructured D. Informal 13) This is used in agricultural research. A. RB design B. Factorial design C. LS design D. CR design 14) F tests and t tests are used in which level of measurement? A. Ordinal B. Nominal C. Interval D. Ratio 15) Collecting sample units in a hit and miss style is applicable in which of the following sampling methods? A. Judgement sampling

B. Sub-sampling C. Convenience sampling D. Replicated sampling 16) Formulative research is also called as A. Exploratory research B. Experience survey C. Experimental research D. Field studies 17) In ANOVA, V stands for - A. Variable B. Vision C. Visual D. Variance 18) A distribution of respondents based on their age group is represented in what type of frequency distribution table? A. Two-way table B. Class distribution C. Class interval D. One-way table 19) Length, weight and height are considered as - A. Physical characteristics B. Abstract characteristics C. Characteristics that dont have natural zero points D. Evidences .

20) The most commonly used statistical average is - A. Arithmetic average B. Geometric mean C. Harmonic mean D. Standard deviation 21) When petrol price is increased, inflation rate is expected to rise - this could be an example depicting - A. Nonsense statistical relationship B. Mutual dependence of variables C. Spurious correlation D. Cause and effect relationship 22) Coefficient of correlation is indicated by the letter - A. r B. s C. u D. x 23) These are the examples of secondary data A. Statistical survey, respondents answers, judgement of the researcher B. Telephone survey, mail survey, opinion polls C. Statistical survey reports, Government publications, trade journals D. Observational data, Awareness programmes, watching live TV 24) When there is correlation between any 2 variable then it is - A. Random correlation B. Simple

correlation C. Partial correlation D. Linear correlation 25) To calculate A. Median B. HM C. Mode D. Mean , data should be arranged according to ascending order.

26) Since Mail surveys are more impersonal they provide more A. anonymity B. scope C. flexibility D. originality 27) Who introduced standard deviation in statistics? A. Karl Pearson B. Spearman C. Wells D. American Statistical Institute 28) A. Original data is readily available.


B. Raw C. Primary D. Secondary 29) When the characteristic of a measurement level is having no order or distance or origin, then it is level of measurement. A. Ordinal B. Cardinal C. Interval D. Nominal 30) How many quartiles are there? A. 3 B. 4 C. 5 D. 9 31) A value which is most repeated in a distribution is A. Mode B. Median C. Mean D. _.


32) The mid-point of a particular class interval say 25-35 is A. 29.5 B. 31.5 C. 30 D. 29 33) Null Hypothesis is denoted by - A. H = 0 B. H0 C. H0 D. 0 H 34) A good measurement scale should follow A. Straight model.

line B. Parallel line C. Precision D. Interval 35) Scatter plots and Stock plots are examples for - A. Tables B. Reports C. Research designs D. Graphs 36) Ethics in a research context refers to the appropriateness of your behavior in relation to the rights of those who become the subject of your work, or are affected by it. This is applicable to you when you are - A. Respondent B. Researcher C. Reporter D. Receiver 37) In this type of level of measurement, there is no quantitative value as it doesnt have the characteristics of order, distance and origin. This level of measurement is - A. Nominal B. Ordinal C. Interval D. Ratio

38) In Hypothesis testing, the level of significance is usually chosen at A. 100 % B. 95% C. 10.5 % D. 05% 39) Which of the following is an example for continuous variable? A. Salary of an individual B. Cars manufactured by an automobile company C. Marks scored by a student D. Temperature of a city 40) Which of these statements is true? A. A measuring instrument that is valid need not be reliable. B. A measuring instrument that is valid is always reliable. C. A measuring instrument that is reliable is also valid. D. Reliability and validity of a measuring instrument is inter-dependent.

PART B (Two marks

41) Following are the bases upon which measurement can be classified - A. Distance and Origin B. Speed and distance C. Date and time D. Month and year 42) Identify from the following, the class interval which is considered appropriate in a frequency distribution A. B. C. D. 43-53, 54-64, 66-76, 77-88 10-20, 20-40, 40-80, 80-160 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-13 1-10, 11-20, 21-30, 31-40

43) Which of these could be an example for pure research? A. Newtons law and Einsteins theory of relativity B. Schrodingers research definitions C. Scientific methods and its applications D. Science

44) The two type of Content Validity are A. Construct validity and Predictive validity B. Face validity and Sampling validity C. Reliability and Non-reliability D. Unidimensionality and Linearity

45) Name the two type statistical techniques that are applicable in Ordinal measurement. A. Geometric mean and Coefficient of variation B. Median and Coefficient of rank order correlation C. Mean and Standard deviation D. Random sampling probability and parametric tests 46) Identify the true and false statements a. Mail surveys are less expensive than personal interviews. b. Mail surveys are subject to interviews bias. A. B. C. D. a a a a and b is false is false, b is true and b is true is true and b is false

47) Type II error occurs when A. H0 is false and is rejected B. H0 is false and is accepted C. H1 is true and rejected D. H1 is true and accepted

48) If As savings is `5000, Bs savings is `10000 and Cs savings is `30000, then their average savings is - A. `22500 B. `10000 C. `25000 D.

`15000 49) A person having a and mind and who is also sensitive to practical problems could easily identify a research problem for study. A. Curious and suspicious B. Thoughtful and sceptical C. Critical and imaginative D. Dreamy and relaxed 50) Co-efficient of range is obtained by the following formula - A. L H B. H L C. (H + L) (H x L) D. (H L) / (H + L)

51) Non-parametric tests usually assume A. Interval B. Original C. Quantitative D. Hypothetical


52) Identify the correct statement from the following A. A research design is a logical and systematic representation of the data. B. Research design keeps the researcher in action. C. Research design cannot be concerned with data availability. D. Research design has to be kept within manageable limits. 53) The scientific method involving a systematic step-by-step procedure following logical processes of reasoning is called as .

A. Measurement B. Dispersion C. Research D. Survey 54) What are the internal criteria for a female researcher in order to formulate a problem? 1. Her interest 2. Her competence 3. Her expectations 4. Her importance 5. Her feasibility 6. Her resources A. 1, 2, 3, 4 B. 1, 2, 6 C. 2, 4, 5 D. 3, 5, 6 55) Which are the two most important parametric tests? A. x-test and ytest B. f-test and q-test C. v-test and u-test D. t-test and ztest 56) While defining a problem, the next steps in the process after developing a title are A. Building a conceptual model and defining the study objectives

B. Controlling conditions and training investigators C. Recording details and verifying evidence D. Classifying data and analysing variables in the problem 57) Mention the two rights of respondents with respect to privacy. A. Right to participate in every research study and Right to reject being counted B. Right not to participate in any research study and Right to participate beyond a certain limit C. Right to view the other respondents answers and Right to be public about it D. Right to intervene with researcher and Right to mislead researcher 58) When a null hypothesis stating that Average test score of Gautham Gambhir is 88.25 runs is accepted, then it is - A. Risk B. Invalid C. False D. True 59) A conjectural statement of the relationship between the two or more variables is defined as A. Hypothesis B. Correlation C. Regression D. Research design 60) Professor Fisher has enumerated three principles of experimental designs out of which 2 are - A. Principle of replication and Principle of experimentation B. Principle of replication and Principle of randomisation

C. Principle of randomness and Principle of locality D. Principle of authority and Principle of responsibility

PART C (Four marks questions)

61) Identify the characteristics of research

1. Systematic 2. Controlled 3. Rigid 4. Empirical 5. Elastic A. 2, 3, 4 B. 1, 2, 5 C. 1, 2, 4 D. 3, 4, 5 62) Which type of data is described here? 1. It is expensive to obtain 2. It is time consuming 3. It requires extensive research personnel who are skilled 4. It is difficult to administer A. Secondary B. Primary C. Behavioural D. Quantitative 63) Match the following types of research with its example or meaning First set: 1. Applied research 2. Action research 3. Descriptive research 4. Diagnostic research

Second set: a. Provides factual information for investigation b. Type of evaluation study c. Tests the relationship between variables d. Finds solutions to real-life problems or situations e. Study of an unknown problem A. 1a, 2e, 3d, 4b B. 1b, 2a, 3c, 4e C. 1c, 2d, 3b, 4a D. 1d, 2b, 3a, 4c 64) Match the types of sampling methods with its feature First set: 1. Simple random sampling 2. Stratified random sampling 3. Cluster sampling 4. Multi-stage sampling Second set: a. Useful in socio-economic surveys b. Also known as sequential sampling c. Increases samples statistical efficiency

d. Estimating sampling error is complicated e. Each element has an equal change of being selected A. 1e, 2c, 3a, 4d B. 1a, 2d, 3b, 4c C. 1c, 2e, 3d, 4b D. 1e, 2b, 3c, 4a 65) Identify the characteristics of a good hypothesis 1. Simplicity 2. Acceptability 3. Objectivity 4. Clarity 5. Durability 6. Flexibility A. 1, 5, 6 B. 2, 4, 5 C. 1, 3, 4 D. 2, 4, 6 6) Identify and arrange the steps to be followed in research design -

1. Designing the methods of data collection 2. Selecting the sample 3. Collecting the data 4. Formulating the objective of the study 5. Reporting the findings 6. Processing and analyzing the data A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 B. 4, 1, 2, 3, 6, 5 C. 2, 3, 4, 6, 5, 1 D. 3, 5, 1, 4, 2, 6 67) Match the types of reports with its guidelines First set: 1. Popular report 2. Interim report 3. Summary report 4. Technical report Second set: a. Contains all details as it is comprehensive b. More headlines and graphs can be used c. Written in non-technical and simple language d. Prepared by doctoral students e. Provides what was done so far and its outcome A. 1e, 2c, 3a, 4d B. 1a, 2d, 3b, 4c C. 1c, 2e, 3d, 4b D.

1b, 2e, 3c, 4a 68) Mr. Mukesh had analysed and processed some statistical data which now he wants to put in a tabular format. What should he include in the Heading while preparing this table? A. Headings of all columns B. Designation of units C. Footnotes wherever applicable D. Cells in rows and columns 69) Which type of sampling is discussed here? 1. It is used when it is not important to study the sampling units overall representativeness to the population 2. It is less costly and more convenient as it guarantees inclusion of relevant elements in the sample 3. It requires more prior extensive information and does not lend itself for using inferential statistics. 4. It is also called as purposive sampling A. Area sampling B. Judgement sampling C. Snow-ball sampling D. Quota sampling 70) Match the following research designs with its perspective or through which the study is viewed First set: 1.

Descriptive 2. Exploratory 3. Observational 4. Case method Second set: a. Degree of formulation of the problem b. Mode of data collection c. Scope of the topic and depth of the study d. Nature of relationship between variables A. 1b, 2c, 3d, 4a B. 1d, 2a, 3b, 4c C. 1c, 2d, 3a, 4b D. 1a, 2b, 3c, 4d 71) Identify the true and false statements regarding Observation method 1. Observation method poses difficulties in understanding events. 2. It is slow and expensive process that needs constant technological inputs. 3. Observer has to be present at the scene of the event when it takes place. 4. Observer has to wait for the event to happen and be able to tell where and when exactly it takes place. A. 1, 2 is true and 3, 4 is false B. 1 is true and 2, 3, 4 is false C. 3 is true and 1, 2, 4 is false D. 1, 4 is true and 2, 3

is false 72) Identify the correct and incorrect rules for graphical representation of data from the following 1. Title of the chart should be placed below it. 2. Each curve or bar should be numbered. 3. Only grey shades to be used in case of more curves or bars 4. They should precede the textual content 5. Measurements should be indicated from left to right in a horizontal line 6. For vertical lines, measurements should be from top to bottom. A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 is incorrect B. 1, 3 is correct and 2, 4, 5, 6 is incorrect C. 1, 2, 3, 4 is correct and 5, 6 is incorrect D. 4, 5, 6 is correct and 1, 2, 3, is incorrect 73) In a research study, it was revealed that 40% of students did not use the learning resources provided to them while another 28% complained that they didnt get adequate resources. Based on these results, the researcher cannot assume that remaining 32% dont care to use the resources or its availability. What would be the responsibility of the researcher in this situation? A. Distort the numbers to arrive at a positive conclusion B. Make the assumptions that views of 32% students is invalid C. Write a report representing that 68% only responded to the study D. Find out the actual opinions and views of the 32% of students

74) What are the requisites of a good and successful presentation? 1. Communicate to a specific audience

2. 2. 3. 4 5 6.

Communicate to all respondents Structure the presentation Advertise research expertise Be elaborate on the research complexities Address validity and reliability issues Involve other researchers to carry out the presentation

A. 2, 3, 4 B. 1, 2, 5 C. 3, 5, 6 D. 1, 4, 5 75) From the below, identify the criteria for constructing hypothesis 1. It should be specific and precise 2. It should describe atleast 2 issues 3. It must be empirically testable 4. It must have contradictory statements 5. It must indicate the relationship between variables A. B. C. D. 1, 2 1, 2, 3 1, 2, 3, 4 3, 5 ==================Good luck======================

Model Question Paper_MB0050