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Mer gi ng man and mat hs
Exercise 14 (Solutions)
Textbook of Algebra and Trigonometry for Class XI
Available online @ ht t p: / / www.mat hcit y.org, Version: 1.1.3

Question # 1
(i) Since
3
sin
2
x
1
3
sin
2
x

_

,

5 4
,
3 3
x

where [ ] 0, 2 x

(ii) Since cosec 2

1
2
sin

1
sin
2

1
1
sin
2

_

,

5
,
6 6

where [ ] 0, 2

(iii) Do yourself

(iv) Since
1
cot
3

1 1
tan 3
tan 3

( )
1
tan 3

4
,
3 3

where [ ] 0, 2

Question # 2 (i)
Since
2
1
tan
3

1
tan
3
t

1
tan
3
or
1
tan
3

1
1
tan
3

_

,
or
1
1
tan
3

_

,

6

or
5
6

Since period of tan is
Therefore general value of =
6
n

+ ,
5
6
n

+
So Solution Set
5
6 6
n n

+ +
' ; ' ;

U where n

Question # 2 (ii)
Since
2
4
cosec
3

2
cosec
3
t

2
cosec
3
or
2
cosec
3

3
sin
2
or
3
sin
2

1
3
sin
2

_

,
or
1
3
sin
2

_

,

2
,
3 3

or
4 5
,
3 3

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 2
Since period of cosec is 2
Therefore general value of =
2 4 5
2 , 2 , 2 , 2
3 3 3 3
n n n n

+ + + +
Solution set =
2 4 5
2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3
n n n n

+ + + +
' ; ' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U where n.

Question # 2 (iii)
Since
2
4
sec
3

2
sec
3
t

2
sec
3
or
2
sec
3

3
cos
2
or
3
cos
2

1
3
cos
2

_

,
or
1
3
cos
2

_

,

11
,
6 6

or
5 7
,
6 6

Q period of sec is 2
general values of
5 7 11
2 , 2 , 2 , 2
6 6 6 6
n n n n

+ + + +
S.Set
5 7 11
2 2 2 2
6 6 6 6
n n n n

+ + + +
' ; ' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U where n.

Question # 2 (iv)
Do yourself

Question # 3

2
3tan 2 3 tan 1 0 + +
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
2
3 tan 2 3 tan 1 1 0 + +
( )
2
3 tan 1 0 +
( )
3 tan 1 0 + 3 tan 1
1
tan
3

1
1
tan
3

_

,

5
6

Q period of tan is
general value of
5
6
n

+ , n

Question # 4
2
tan sec 1 0

( )
2
sec 1 sec 1 0

2
sec 1 sec 1 0
2
sec sec 2 0

2
sec 2sec sec 2 0 + ( ) ( ) sec sec 2 1 sec 2 0 +
( )( ) sec 1 sec 2 0 +
( ) sec 1 0 + or ( ) sec 2 0
sec 1 or sec 2 +
cos 1 or
1
cos
2

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 3
( )
1
cos 1

or
1
1
cos
2

,

3
2

or
5
,
6 6

Q period of cos is 2
general value of =
3 5
2 , 2 , 2
2 6 6
n n n

+ + + where n

Question # 5

2
2sin cos 1 0 +
2
2sin 1 sin 1 0 +
2
sin 2sin 0 +
( ) sin sin 2 0
sin 0 or sin 2 0
sin 0 or sin 2
( )
1
sin 0

Which does not hold as sin [ 1,1]
0 ,
Q period of sin is 2
general value of 0 2 , 2 n n + +
= 2 , 2 n n + where n

Question # 6
2 2
3cos 2 3sin cos 3sin 0
Dividing throughout by
2
cos
2 2
2 2 2
3cos 2 3sin cos 3sin
0
cos cos cos

2
3 2 3tan 3tan 0

2
3tan 2 3tan 3 0 +

2
3tan 2 3tan 3 0 + ing by -1

( )
( )( )
( )
2
2 3 2 3 4 3 3
tan
2 3

t

2 3 12 36
tan
6

t +

2 3 48
6
t

2 3 16 3
6
t

2 3 4 3
6
t

2 3 4 3
tan
6

+

2 3
6
or
2 3 4 3
tan
6

6 3
6

3
tan
3

( )
2
3
3

1
3
or tan 3
1
1
tan
3

_

,
or
( )
1
tan 3

6

or
11
6

Q period of tan is
general value of
6
n

+ ,
11
6
n

+ where n.

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 4
Question # 8

2
4sin 8cos 1 0 +
( )
2
4 1 cos 8cos 1 0 +
2
4 4cos 8cos 1 0 +
2
4cos 8cos 5 0 +
2
4cos 8cos 5 0 +
2
4cos 10cos 2cos 5 0 +
( ) ( ) 2cos 2cos 5 1 2cos 5 0 + + ( )( ) 2cos 5 2cos 1 0 +
2cos 5 0 + or 2cos 1 0
2cos 5 or 2cos 1

5
cos
2

or
1
cos
2

1
5
cos
2

_

,
or
1
1
cos
2

,

Which is not possible as cos [ 1,1] or
5
,
3 3

Q period of cos is 2
general value of
5
2 , 2
3 3
n n

+ + where n.

Question # 9
3 tan sec 1 0 x x ( ) i

sin 1
3 1 0
cos cos
x
x x

3sin 1 cos 0 x x ing by cos .
3sin 1 cos x x
On squaring both sides.

( )
( )
2
2
3sin 1 cos x x

2 2
3sin 2 3sin 1 cos x x x +

2 2
3sin 2 3sin 1 1 sin x x x +

2 2
3sin 2 3sin 1 1 sin 0 x x x + +
2
4sin 2 3sin 0 x x

( )
2sin 2sin 3 0 x x
2sin 0 x or 2sin 3 x
sin 0 x or
3
sin
2
x
( )
1
sin 0 x

or
1
3
sin
2
x

_

,

0 x , or
3
x

,
2
3

Now to check extraneous roots put 0 x in ( ) i
L.H.S = 3 tan(0) sec(0) 1 0 1 1 2 0 = R.H.S
Implies that 0 x is an extraneous root of given equation.
Now put x in (i)
L.H.S = 3 tan( ) sec( ) 1 0 ( 1) 1 0 = R.H.S
Implies that x is a root of the equation.
Now put
3
x

in ( ) i

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 5
L.H.S = 3 tan sec 1
3 3
_ _

, ,

( )
3 3 2 1 1 2 1 0 = R.H.S
Implies that
3
x

is a root of given equation.. Since period of tan is .
Now put
2
3
x

in ( ) i
L.H.S =
2 2
3 tan sec 1
3 3
_ _

, ,

( )
( ) 3 3 2 1 3 2 1 + 2 = R.H.S
Implies
2
3
x

is an extraneous root of given equation.
Q period of sin x is 2
general values of 2 x n + , 2
3
n

+
Solution Set = { } 2 2
3
n n

+ +
' ;

U where n.

Question # 10
cos 2 sin3 x x
2 2 3
cos sin 3sin 4sin x x x x

2 2 3
cos sin 3sin 4sin 0 x x x x +
( )
2 2 3
1 sin sin 3sin 4sin 0 x x x x +
2 3
1 2sin 3sin 4sin 0 x x x +
3 2
4sin 2sin 3sin 1 0 x x x +
Take sin 1 x as a root then by synthetic division

( )( )
2
sin 1 4sin 2sin 1 0 x x x +
sin 1 0 x or
2
4sin 2sin 1 0 x x +
sin 1 x or
( ) ( )( )
( )
2
2 2 4 4 1
sin
2 4
x
t

1
sin (1) x

or
2 4 16
sin
8
x
t +

2 20
8
t

2
x

or
2 20
sin
8
x
+
or
2 20
sin
8
x

sin 0.309 x or sin 0.809 x
( )
1
sin 0.309 x

or ( )
1
sin 0.809 x

18, 162 or 234 , 306
18 , 162
180 180
x

or 234 , 306
180 180
x

9
,
10 10

or
13 17
,
10 10

1 4 -2 -3 1
4 2 -1

4 2 -1 0
Q
2 2
cos 2 cos sin x x x

3
sin3 3sin 4sin x x x

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 6
Q period of sin x is 2
general value of
9 13 17
2 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 2
10 10 10 10 2
x n n n n n

+ + + + +
S.Set
9 13 17
2 2 2 2 2
10 10 10 10 2
n n n n n

+ + + + +
' ; ' ; ' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U U

Question No. 11
sec3 sec
1 1
cos3 cos

cos3 cos
3
4cos 3cos cos
3
cos3 4cos 3cos Q
3
4cos 3cos cos 0
3
4cos 4cos 0
( )
2
4cos cos 1 0
4cos 0 or
2
cos 1 0
cos 0 or
2
cos 1
1
cos (0)

or cos 1 t ( ) ( )
1 1
cos 1 , cos 1

3
,
2 2

or 0 ,
Q period of cos is 2
general values of
3
2 , 2 , 0 2 , 2
2 2
n n n n

+ + + +

3
2 , 2 ,
2 2
n n n

+ +
S. Set { }
3
2 2
2 2
n n n

+ +
' ; ' ;

U U where n.

Question # 12
tan2 cot 0 +
tan2 cot
sin2 cos
cos2 sin

2 2
2sin cos cos
cos sin sin

( )( ) ( )( )
2 2
2sincos sin cos cos sin
2 3 2
2sin cos cos sin cos +
2 3 2
2sin cos cos sin cos 0 +
2 3
sin cos cos 0 +
( )
2 2
cos sin cos 0 + ( ) cos 1 0
1
cos (0)

3
,
2 2

Q period of cos is 2
general values of
3
2 , 2
2 2
n n

+ +
S. Set =
3
2 2
2 2
n n

+ +
' ; ' ;

U where n.

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 7
Question # 13
sin2 sin 0 x x +
2sin cos sin 0 x x x + sin 2 2sin cos Q
( ) sin 2cos 1 0 x x +
sin 0 x or 2cos 1 0 x +

1
sin (0) x

or
1
cos
2
x
1
1
cos
2
x

_

,

0 , x or
2 4
,
3 3
x

Q period of sin x and cos x is 2
general values of
2 4
0 2 , 2 , 2 , 2
3 3
x n n n n

+ + + +
2 4
, 2 , 2
3 3
n n n

+ +
So solution set { }
2 4
2 2
3 3
n n n

+ +
' ; ' ;

U U where n.

Question # 14
sin4 sin2 cos3 x x x
4 2 4 2
2cos sin cos3
2 2
x x x x
x
+ _ _

, ,

2cos3 sin cos3 0 x x x
( ) cos3 2sin 1 0 x x
cos3 0 x or 2sin 1 0 x

1
3 cos (0) x

,
1
sin
2
x

3
3 ,
2 2
x

,
1
1
sin
2
x

_

,

,
6 2
x

,
5
,
6 6
x

Since period of cos3x is
2
3

## and period of sin x is 2

general values of
2 2 5
, , 2 , 2
6 3 2 3 6 6
n n
x n n

+ + + +
So solution set
2 2 5
2 2
6 3 2 3 6 6
n n
n n

+ + + +
' ; ' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U where n.

Question # 15
sin cos3 cos5 x x x +
sin cos5 cos3 x x x
5 3 5 3
sin 2sin sin
2 2
x x x x
x
+ _ _

, ,

sin 2sin 4 sin x x x
sin 2sin 4 sin 0 x x x +
( ) sin 1 2sin4 0 x x +
sin 0 x or 1 2sin4 0 x +

1
sin (0) x

or
1
sin4
2
x
1
1
4 sin
2
x

_

,

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 8
0 , x or
7 11
4 ,
6 6
x

7 11
,
24 24
x

Since period of sin x is 2 and period of sin4x is
2
4 2

general values of
7 11
0 2 , 2 , ,
24 2 24 2
n n
x n n

+ + + +
So solution set { } { }
7 11
2 2
24 2 24 2
n n
n n

+ + +
' ; ' ;

U U U where n.

Question # 16
sin3 sin2 sin 0 x x x + +
( ) sin3 sin sin2 0 x x x + +
3 3
2sin cos sin2 0
2 2
x x x x
x
+ _ _
+

, ,
2sin 2 cos sin 2 0 x x x +
( ) sin2 2cos 1 0 x x +
sin 2 0 x or 2cos 1 0 x +

1
2 sin (0) x

or
1
cos
2
x
2 0 , x or
1
1
cos
2
x

_

,

0 ,
2
x

or
2 4
,
3 3
x

Since period of sin2x is
2
2

## and period of cos x is 2

general values of
2 4
0 , , 2 , 2
2 3 3
x n n n n

+ + + +
S. Set { }
2 4
2 2
2 3 3
n n n n

+ + +
' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U where n.

Question # 17
sin7 sin sin3 x x x
7 7
2cos sin sin3
2 2
x x x x
x
+ _ _

, ,

2cos4 sin3 sin3 0 x x x
( ) sin3 2cos 4 1 0 x x
sin3 0 x or 2cos 4 1 0 x
( )
1
3 sin 0 x

or
1
cos 4
2
x
3 0 , x or
1
1 5
4 cos ,
2 3 3
x

_

,

0 ,
3
x

or
5
,
12 12
x

Since period of sin3x is
2
3

## and period of cos 4x is

2
4 2

general values of
2 2 5
0 , , ,
3 3 3 12 2 12 2
n n n n
x

+ + + +
So S. set
2 2 5
3 3 3 12 2 12 2
n n n n
+ + +
' ; ' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U where n.

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 9

Question # 18
sin sin3 sin5 0 x x x + +
( ) sin5 sin sin3 0 x x x + +

5 5
2sin cos sin3 0
2 2
x x x x
x
+ _ _
+

, ,

2sin3 cos 2 sin3 0 x x x +
( ) sin3 2cos2 1 0 x x +
sin3 0 x or 2cos 2 1 0 x +
( )
1
3 sin 0 x

or 2cos2 1 x
1
1
2 cos
2
x

_

,

3 0 , x or
2 4
2 ,
3 3
x

0 ,
3
x

or
2
,
3 3
x

Since period of sin3x is
2
3

## and period of cos2x is

2
2

general values of
2 2 2
0 , , ,
3 3 3 3 3
n n
x n n

+ + + +
S.Set =
2 2 2
3 3 3 3 3
n n
n n

+ + +
' ; ' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U where nZ

Question # 19
sin sin3 sin5 sin7 0 + + +
( ) ( ) sin7 sin sin5 sin3 0 + + +

7 7 5 3 5 3
2sin cos 2sin cos 0
2 2 2 2
+ + _ _ _ _
+

, , , ,

2sin 4 cos3 2sin4 cos 0 +
( ) 2sin4 cos3 cos 0 +
3 3
2sin 4 2cos cos 0
2 2

+ _ _ _

, ,
,

4sin 4 cos2 cos 0
sin 4 0 or cos 2 0 or cos 0
( )
1
4 sin 0

, ( )
1
2 cos 0

, ( )
1
cos 0

4 0 , or
3
2 ,
2 2

or
3
,
2 2

0 ,
4

or
3
,
4 4

Since period of sin4 is
2
4 2

, cos 2 is
2
2

and cos is 2
general values of
3 3
0 , , , , 2 , 2
2 4 2 4 2 2 2
n n
n n n n

+ + + + + +
S. Set
3 3
2 2
2 4 2 4 2 2 2
n n
n n n n

+ + + + +
' ; ' ; ' ; ' ; ' ; ' ;

U U U U U

FSc I / Ex. 14 - 10
Question # 20
cos cos3 cos5 cos7 0 + + +
( ) ( ) cos7 cos cos5 cos3 0 + + +
7 7 5 3 5 3
2cos cos 2cos cos 0
2 2 2 2
+ + _ _ _ _
+

, , , ,

2cos4 cos3 2cos4 cos 0 +
( ) 2cos4 cos3 cos 0 +
3 3
2cos 4 2cos cos 0
2 2

+ _ _ _

, ,
,

4cos4 cos2 cos 0
Now do yourself as above question.

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Tuesday, March 22, 2005 *
Updat ed: Sept ember 1, 2007 *