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kGAL CG Mf ,( e QGG Yh dG SEG Y QGUEGh ,LCG dG Nd G
e NCHh) k jCG ,kGAL CG a ,e QGH e ,NGdG ,SCG BG S VQe e
,dG dG VfG IY QfCG e g EG -NCG g Ggh (QG G VQG
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!! G G VH dG EG kGNCG d ,dhdG jG J CGH fc G dG
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T CG H S h ,IMdG QH k q u c dG IOYEG Yj e gh .cCdH ,Nh e cCG
HSCG ,Y H kGKCG J bh ,fd VJ ,YCG dEG QG ,KdG AiOG CG j
d j dG e TC JSQ h dG Mh e dG H S h ! eOdG TCGh
j jdG IdG IYH dG EG ,dG Y ,LM K CH k Y .jQS jQJ e
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d f jQG VQG OGYEG EGh ,IQdG Y LQG NdG Wfl e jdG EG ,NCG
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UY ,j e ,OQf S ,jQG jQdG IQhdG aG dG jQdG Md fG efH
CG h Gg .IQhdG g Qd k ah ,iNCG UH ,k M ,DhZEG j b fCH k Y ,a SSCG
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jh ,fG M h edG jG QSdG Gg j CG Y ,jOJ h WGO


bdG hG edG hG dG hG jdG FfG Y dG H ,WGG H edG IGhG
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Y ,edG jG EG Sb HV LJ iL,1963 dG ,dG EG dG M A e


dhdG Y gcJ iL dG ,QcG d G fGMdG dG e k bfG S h ,aNG
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t ,dG dG SSG Y ,jf IQH ,j SCJ l L QSdG
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dG OGh ,ddG Hd dG OG ,V eh ,cG d HdG HdG c M
GOG AfEG eCG G ah ,iNCG GOG FSh ,jQS d dG OGh ,Md
k ah Y jh ,kGM dEG fG j ,ffEG WdGh ,Gh YdG T ,e
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dG aJ CG ING Y d ,dhdH bY d J G j h T CT jdG EG


Y cCdG e ,Gh dhdG Yh,jdG FdG SQ Mh Y dGh G j dG
GMCG jb a ,QeCG T ,jdG j H ,dhdGh jdG H dG dG dCe
SSCG Y ,IQGOEG hCG ,dhdG be CG t J e I/WGG jh ,e SSG Y ,dG
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IMhh WdG IMh Y G j k e VGh be Ea ,edG bG U Yh
G V EG Yf ,dH jdG YdG G aVEH dh .IFdG gd G dG
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Y ,e eCJ SS OYG iL M ,G U Y dPh ,fG Y kGOq Q ,e
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aGQ ZdG Y ,eG fG e jdG AH Y ,CG SCG M e hCG dG GdG

fEG ie ,dHh ,fG J Yf GKs CG ,c J ASh dG e Oa e dP


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UH ,dG dG Y dH ,dG TdG DG N ,2010VG dG
gh ."YLG dG fb" n u So e OYG Y jdG jG dd ,"cGTG ObG"
dG dG jQe Th ,eG fG IUfi e jd dG G e S
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SDdGh QaEG e kGje j e gh .dhdG e hCG ,eG QdG YQGG e AGS ,VQCG
hd hCG ,j M ,FGdG hCG ,bDG AGS,Id hj jdG ,dG AHCG e jG Y
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a ,%19G RhJ fCG SdG GAMEG YJ dH f k jCG LGj c ,k HS Ie
,dG ,n t dG CGSCG H e g Qh ,(%30G Y J fCG dG j) H dP e YCG g
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.k e mBG ,LQNh G dG CG ,(Y Y QdG

EG ,bGdG Gg Y kGOq Q ,jQdG jQdG Mj dG ,dfG fdG G EG


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t OYG -CG
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FdG b e G SJ SS e f fd eEG ,Ke IjY Be eCJh ,jJ

hCG ,FdG N HG ,fl eGQ dG ,JjS cT jW Y ,e HGh ,cG


.W jRGLH Y hG ,WdG OLd dH eg YU ha fC
HbQ OYGh ,a SGdG eG QSG H ,dG dG bGh c dG IOYEG -
dG dBG N CG Y jL Sfih ,Xeh dY a Qj ,J Y eQU
SGH ,UG jQGh ,fG ddG HbdG OYG k jCG j CG Y .V dGh
.k WGO G ,jQGh ,BGh fG
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Yh ,YdG T ,dSCGdG HQG Y S h ,NdG Y jYJ jV OYG -h
k a .aNG Y ,GQdH G J a ,HQG TCG Th,UQdG Y
Y
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.d SSCG d dG YdG dhdG eCJ -
.QSCG Y ,G L h ,G ddG HdG HbQ Va -
dG ,H NCG NCG LHh ,JjJh ,YGQdG UEG fGb dG IOYEG -
jJ Ie fc dG J hO e EG YGQdG G S N H ,2010dG
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JQGOEG J ,LP YL QGe EG j Y dGh ,dhdG VGQCG d dG bdG -
on f j GdH g J c ,Je jJ Y Y Jh ,a edG L
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G Y ,NO e %70 Y LEG f j G j jdG ,QGG J edG .bG G ,KK EG MGdG ,Seh ,jQGOEGh ,k Y ,ADg NGe H hdG RhJ
,LfEG h jd jQhdG fdG eCJh ,QGG J jd OGh FGdG fEG k a
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NG Gd dhdG AGT EG k Uh ,fEG jJ U Y dG Th ,IgR IFH
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,ddG dG e GTH ,ee H J dG ,QdG YQGG SCd J -
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Y c ,kGQfGh ,k YJGh ,kG ,IQe eM e


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edGh WdG dCG :kHGQ

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dG dG G H ,NCG LH ,dP j ,jQS dM h .edGh WdG d VGdG
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G EG - OdG jTh eh X d
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eh ,G FSdG H dPh 2000 dG d M c G e T hCG b
jd iNCG HdG dG a QJ ,T M V jQhdG hdG ASG V
IQdG dHh ,QdG QdG QdG efH SSCG H g G j e EG .feEG e
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JCJ fCG IOHEG YCGh QR e dG d Vj e c ZQ Y jQdG IQdG M M e


jRGe UGe J e dP j e e ,NBG H k ej ,OG J
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:dP eh .HdG QdG HdG AV Y ,IjL
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.jG IQdG ,k f cCG IQdG e S h ,e G YdG TCG c OJh ,YLG
h ,a ,Wh bM ec IOS dfh ,dG dG e edG edG -
jdG jQe c MEGh ;e jJ SQ CG h ,UCG Gbh fe EG IOdG M S
Y ,FGSEG e Jhe bY TCG G ,HdG hdG QLE dGh ,FGSEG ceCG
We eEG gL gh .jdG d GdG J gL J QWEG ,bdG J b
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dG V QT gh G ,SSG Y dGh ,aQ j NBG QT e Zj g S h
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,dEG J G e bCG h ,GdG ,JfeEG ec R EG GQdG H G f
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.dG dCe j CG ,jQS ,QK fG efH CG Ea ,kGNBG dh kGNCGh -
dG EG jQK eM ebEG g efdG Gd gCG OdG MCG Ea ,dP LC
e e ,iNCG MOdG YLG idG e d ,NCG LH ,AGdG MdGh
k a ,gP Yh ,OLh ,Xeh ,QU
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