ARCHITECTURE & ARTS Greek words: ARCHI = first or original and TECT = the ability to put things together Sanskrit

root : ARTS = everything in its right place THEORY IN GENERAL • Analysis of a set of facts in relation to one another • Belief, policy or procedure proposed or followed as basis of action • An ideal or hypothetical set of facts, principles or circumstances of a body of fact on science or art • A plausible or scientifically accepted general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomenon Forms/Types of Theory • Descriptive: Explains phenomenon or events; neutral and do not lean towards any ideology • Prescriptive: Prescribes bases or guidelines • Critical: Challenges relationships between architecture & society ARCHITECTURAL THEORY Essence and Composition • A collection of thoughts, view, ideas • Organized by theme or topic • Evolution of thoughts • There is not a grand theory or unified theory of architecture; it is a combination of various thoughts, speculations, concepts Form • • • •

In a conceptual form Needs to be translated From concepts to reality Discussed, tested, developed

ESSENCE OF ARCHITECTURE • Architecture is the process that we instinctively recognize as the genius of growth and creation • It gives form to the invisible pulses and rhythm of life • The physical manifestation of the power is a consequence of the desire for the invisible to be made visible ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS The Architecture of

Space Structure Enclosure

• • •

Experienced through

Movement in Space-Time

• • • •

Organizational pattern, relationships, hierarchy Qualities of shape, color, texture, scale, proportion Qualities of surfaces, edges and openings Approach and entry Path configuration and access Sequence of spaces Light, view, touch, hearing and smell
Theory of Architectural Design Page 1 of 11

Theory 1 M. Ticao

Achieved by means of Technology • • • • • • • • • • • • • Accommodating a Program Compatible with its Context Structure and enclosure Environmental protection and comfort Health. aspirations Socio-cultural factors Economic factors Legal restraints Historical tradition & precedents Site and environment Climate: sun. safety and welfare Durability User requirements. temperature and precipitation Geography: soils. vegetation and water Sensory and cultural characteristics of the place SPATIAL SYSTEM STRUCTURAL SYSTEM Theory 1 M. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 2 of 11 . topography. needs. wind.

ENCLOSURE SYSTEM CIRCULATION SYSTEM CONTEXT Theory 1 M. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 3 of 11 .

depth • Form and space • Surface • Orientation • Position Theory 1 M. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 4 of 11 .ARCHITECTURAL ORDERS Architectural Orders Physical Form and Space • Solids &Voids • Interior & Exterior System and Organization of: • Space • Structure • Enclosure • Machines • Approach & Departure • Entry & Egress • Movement through the order of spaces • Functioning of activities within spaces • Qualities of light. color. width. view & sound • Images • Patterns • Signs • Symbols • Context (space. techniques) Perceptual Sensory perception & recognition of the physical elements by experiencing them sequentially in time Conceptual Comprehension of the ordered and disordered relationships among a building’s elements and systems and responding to the meanings they evoke ELEMENTS OF DESIGN Point • • • • The two ends of a line The intersection of two lines The meeting of lines at the corner of a plane or volume The center of a field Line A point extended becomes a line with properties of: • Length • Direction • Position Plane A line extended becomes a plane with properties of: • Length and width • Shape • Surface • Orientation • Position Volume A plane extended becomes a volume with properties of: • Length. texture. form. function.

Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 5 of 11 .ARCHITECTURAL FORM is the point of contact between mass and space Form Properties of Form: • Shape • Size • Color • Texture • Position • Orientation • Visual Inertia Space Definition Theory 1 M.

the form can still retain its initial identity or be transformed into a form of another family. Depending on the extent of the subtractive process. A cube. can be transformed into similar prismatic forms through discrete changes in height.FORM TRANSFORMTION Dimensional Transformation: a form can be transformed by altering one or more of its dimensions and still retain its identity as a member of a family of forms. FORM AND SPACE Spatial Relationships • Space within a Space • Interlocking Spaces • Adjacent Spaces • Spaces linked by a Common Space Theory 1 M. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 6 of 11 . The nature of the additive process and the number and relative sizes of the elements being attached determine whether the identity of the initial form is altered or retained. Subtractive Transformation: a form can be transformed by subtracting a portion of its volume. Additive Transformation: a form can be transformed by the addition of elements to its volume. for example. length or width.

Spatial Organization Centralized Organization: a number of secondary forms clustered about a dominant. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 7 of 11 . central parentform Linear Organization: a series of forms arranged sequentially in a row Theory 1 M.

Theory 1 M.Radial Organization: a composition of linear forms extending outward from a central form in a radial manner Clustered Organization: a collection of forms grouped together by proximity or the sharing of a common visual trait. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 8 of 11 .

Grid Organization: a set of modular forms related and regulated by a three-dimensional grid ELEMENTS OF CIRCULATION Approach: the distant view. experience and use the building Entrance: from outside to inside. projected or recessed Theory 1 M. may be flushed. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 9 of 11 . the first phase of the circulation system during which we are prepared to see.

can be linear. The world is perceived according to the values and experiences of the human being. values and emotions.Configuration of Path: the sequence of spaces . Qualities such as form. radial. spiral. Anthropomorphism: human qualities are associated with non-human entities/events. Theory 1 M. grid. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 10 of 11 . Anthropometrics: study of measurements of the human body Ergonomics: an applied science concerned with the characteristics of people that need to be considered in the design of devices and systems in order that people and things will interact effectively and safely. network or composite SPATIAL THEORIES Anthropocentrism: the human being is the most important entity in the universe.

Proxemics: The study of the symbolic and communicative role of the spatial separation individuals maintain in various social and interpersonal situations. Spatial illusions through: • Changes in levels • Bringing outside in • Borrowing views • Use of glass and light materials • Multiplicity of functions • Two-dimensional treatments • Use of color Theory 1 M. and how the nature and degree of this spatial arrangement relates to environmental and cultural factors. Ticao Theory of Architectural Design Page 11 of 11 .

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