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CORPORATE REFERENCE DOCUMENT

STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE

Document Number : BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

NOTE This document contains proprietary information belonging to Brown & Root NA Ltd. It may neither be wholly or partially reproduced without the prior written permission of Brown & Root NA Ltd. Users of this document must always consult the appointed Custodian for advice. The Custodian should be notified of any errors, omissions and suggested improvements.

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 1 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page No.

TABLE OF CONTENTS .......................................................................................................

1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 7.0

INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................... SCOPE ......................................................................................................................... DEFINITIONS ........................................................................................................... REGULATIONS CODES AND STANDARDS ...................................................... OTHER REFERENCE DOCUMENTS ................................................................. TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS .......................................................................... Materials ..................................................................................................................... Storage of Materials .................................................................................................. Concrete Properties ................................................................................................... Concrete Mix Design ................................................................................................. Quality Control and Testing ..................................................................................... Batching, Mixing and Transporting Concrete ........................................................ Formwork ................................................................................................................... Reinforcement ............................................................................................................ Built-in Items, Holes and Cavities ............................................................................ Concreting .................................................................................................................. Curing and Protection of Concrete .......................................................................... Surface Treatment and Remedial Work ................................................................. Concrete Finishes ....................................................................................................... Corrosion Protection of Concrete ............................................................................ Precast Concrete Flags, Kerbs Etc ........................................................................... Setting Base Plates and Beams Plates ...................................................................... DOCUMENTATION TO BE SUBMITTED ..........................................................

2 2 2 2 4 5 5 7 9 12 14 27 30 33 34 35 42 44 46 48 51 51 52

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 2 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 1.0 INTRODUCTION This Standard Technical Specification specifies the minimum technical requirements for materials and workmanship of concrete Works. 2.0 SCOPE The scope shall comprise provision and storage of materials, mixing, transporting, placing, curing and testing of concrete with the exception of concrete for Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipes (PCCP). 3.0 DEFINITIONS None required. 4.0 REGULATIONS, CODES AND STANDARDS Unless indicated otherwise in this Specification, the requirements of the following regulations, codes and standards shall apply:American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) ASTM C 29/C 29M ASTM C 33 ASTM C 40 ASTM C 117 ASTM C 123 ASTM C 127 ASTM C 128 ASTM C 131 Standard Test Method for Bulky Density ("Unit Weight") and Voids in Aggregate. Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates. Standard Test Method for Organic Impurities in Fine Aggregates for Concrete. Standard Test Method for Material Finer Than 75 Microns (Nr. 200) Sieve in Mineral Aggregates by Washing. Standard Test Method for Lightweight Particles in Aggregate. Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate. Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity and Absorption of Fine Aggregate. Standard Test Method for Resistance to Degradation of Small-size Coarse Aggregate by Abrasion and Impact in the Los Angeles Machine.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 3 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ ASTM C 142 ASTM C 150 ASTM C 227 ASTM C 289 ASTM C 295 ASTM C 309 ASTM C 586 ASTM C 685 ASTM C 920 ASTM C 1105 ASTM D 1190 ASTM D 1751 Standard Test Method for Clay Lumps and Friable Particles in Aggregates. Standard Specification for Portland Cement. Standard Test Method for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Cementaggregate Combinations (Mortar-bar Method). Standard Test Method for Potential Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Aggregates (Chemical Method). Standard Guide for Petrographic Examination of Aggregates for Concrete. Standard Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds for Curing Concrete. Standard Test Method for Potential Alkali Reactivity of Carbonate Rocks for Concrete Aggregates (Rock Cylinder Method). Standard Specification for Concrete Made by Volumetric Batching and Continuous Mixing. Standard Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants. Standard Test Method for Length of Change of Concrete Due to Alkali-Carbonate Rock Reaction. Standard Specification for Concrete Joint Sealer, Hot-Applied Elastic Type. Standard Specification for Preformed Expansion Joint Fillers for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction (Non-extruding and Resilient Bituminous Types). ASTM D 1752 Standard Specification for Preformed Sponge Rubber and Cork Expansion Joint Fillers for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction. British Standards Institution (BSI) BS 12 BS 812 BS 882 BS 1305 BS 1377 BS 1881 BS 3148 Specification for Portland Cement. Testing Aggregates. Specification for Aggregates from Natural Sources for Concrete. Specification for Batch Type Concrete Mixers. Methods of Test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes. Testing Concrete. Methods of Test for Water for Making Concrete (Including Notes on the Suitability of the Water).

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 4 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ BS 3963 BS 4016 BS 4449 BS 4483 BS 4550 BS 5075 BS 5328 BS 5606 BS 5975 BS 7263 BS 8007 BS 8110 BS 8666 Method for Testing the Mixing Performance of Concrete Mixers. Specification for Flexible Building Membranes (Breather Type). Specification for Carbon Steel Bars for the Reinforcement of Concrete. Specification for Steel Fabric for the Reinforcement of Concrete. Methods of Testing Cement. Concrete Admixtures. Concrete. Part 1: 1997. Guide to Specifying Concrete. Guide to Accuracy in Building. Code of Practice for Falsework. Precast Concrete Flags, Kerbs, Channels, Edgings and Quadrant. Code of Practice for Design Of Concrete Structures for Retaining Aqueous Liquids. Structural Use of Concrete. Specification for Scheduling, Dimensions, Bending and Cutting of Steel Reinforcement of Concrete. BS EN ISO 4066 5.0 Construction Drawings. Bar Scheduling.

OTHER REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Other relevant Specifications and documents referenced herein are listed below:American Concrete Institute (ACI) ACI 207R ACI 224R ACI 304R ACI 305R ACI 308 ACI 309R ACI 347R Mass Concrete, Part 1 and Effect of Restraint, Volume Change, and Reinforcement on Cracking of Mass Concrete, Part 2. Control of Cracking in Concrete Structures. Guide for Measuring, Mixing, Transporting and Placing Concrete. Hot Weather Concreting. Standard Practice for Curing Concrete. Guide for Consolidation of Concrete. Guide to Formwork for Concrete.

Brown & Root NA (BRNA) BRNA-SP-MT-003 Standard Specification for Coatings and Linings.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 5 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ BRNA-SP-MT-005 Standard Specification for the Corrosion Protection of Buried Concrete Structures. Construction Industry Research and Information Association (CIRIA) CIRIA Report 91 Early-age Thermal Crack Control in Concrete.

U.S. Corps Of Engineers (CRD) CRD-C513 CRD-C572 CRD-C621 6.0 6.1 Rubber Waterstops. Polyvinyl Chloride Waterstops. Non Shrink Grout.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS Materials 6.1.1 Materials Approved samples of all materials shall be kept in suitable containers, properly labelled and stored on site for reference. 6.1.2 Cement Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) shall comply with BS 12 or ASTM C 150, Type II. OPC shall be used for all reinforced concrete. Tanking as specified in Section 6.14 shall be provided for all buried structures. OPC shall be used for all mass concrete. The classification of sulphate exposure given in Table 7 of BS 5328 : Part 1 shall be used as a guide: Class 1 and 2 : OPC without tanking OPC with tanking

Class 3, 4, and 5 :

The above requirements do not apply to mass concrete used for non-structural purposes.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 6 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ Any cement which is lumpy or partially set shall be rejected and removed from the site. 6.1.3 Aggregates Fine and coarse aggregates shall be as defined by and be of the quality, shape and nature required by BS 882. Potential alkali reactivity of aggregates shall be determined in accordance with ASTM C 295, ASTM C 289, and ASTM C 586. The moisture content of the aggregates shall be determined in accordance with BS 812: Part 2. The grading of aggregates shall be as follows: (a) Coarse Aggregate Aggregates shall be graded according to the recommendations of BS 882, Table 4: 10 millimetres maximum size, for screed finishes and small components. 20 millimetres maximum size for all prestressed, reinforced and precast concrete, benching, no-fines concrete and blinding concrete. 40 millimetres maximum size for all mass concrete.

(b)

Fine Aggregate Fine aggregates shall conform to BS 882, Table 5.

6.1.4

Water Water used for mixing and curing concrete shall meet the requirements of BS 3148.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 7 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.1.5 Concrete Admixtures (a) General Before approval for the use of any admixture is given Contractor shall prove its suitability for the work and its compatibility with the cement it is intended to complement. Only admixtures which can be administered in fixed calibrated amounts through a mechanical dispenser or cachet, and which are added directly to the mixing water shall be permitted. Where more than one type of admixture is to be used for the same concrete mix, each shall be dispensed separately. (b) Water-reducing admixtures Where, in the opinion of Owner, the workability of the mix is inadequate to achieve an acceptable compaction and/or surface finish, or where excessive bleeding of the concrete is in evidence, a water-reducing or high range water reducing admixture complying with BS 5075 shall be used. (c) Set-retarding admixtures Where large quantities of concrete are to be placed at any one time or where concreting is undertaken under hot weather conditions, Contractor may include an approved set-retarding admixture to enable work to be properly finished before premature setting has taken place. The admixture shall comply with the requirements of BS 5075: Part 1. (d) Admixtures containing chloride Admixtures containing chloride shall not be used. (e) Air-entraining admixtures Air-entraining admixtures shall be in accordance with the requirements of BS 5075: Part 2.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 8 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.1.6 Reinforcing Steel Reinforcement shall be either carbon steel bars conforming to BS 4449, or fabric reinforcement conforming to BS 4483. 6.2 Storage of Materials 6.2.1 Cement Cement shall be stored in a weatherproof building, bins or silos which shall exclude moisture and contaminants. Cements of different types shall be stored separately. Cement shall be fresh when delivered to site and the consignments shall be used in the order of their delivery. Contractor shall mark the date of delivery on each consignment and each consignment shall be stored separately and in such a manner as to be easily accessible and identifiable. Bagged cement shall not be stored higher than 10 bags at a temperature of not less than 8C. Bags shall be placed on dry boards above the floor. No bags of cement shall be used unless the manufacturer's seals are intact at the time of mixing. 6.2.2 Aggregate Aggregate stockpiles shall conform to the provisions of ACI 304R and be maintained in a manner to avoid excessive segregation and to prevent contamination with other materials or aggregates of different sizes. The aggregates of various sizes shall be kept separate and away from all possible contamination and shall be stored on a hard-standing area laid to falls or in bins, provided with proper drainage. Stockpiles shall be at least 2m in height and built in layers of not more than 1m in thickness. No layer shall be allowed to 'cone' down over the under layer. If aggregates of difference gradings are stockpiled in close proximity the stockpiles shall be separated by bulkheads.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 9 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ All aggregates shall be handled from the stockpile or other source to the batching plant in such a manner as to secure a typical grading of the material, care being taken to avoid crushing the aggregates and that they remain free from extraneous matter. All aggregates produced or handled by hydraulic methods and all washed aggregates shall be stockpiled for draining at least 24 hours before being batched. 6.2.3 Reinforcing Steel Reinforcing steel shall be stored on supports clear off hard laid floors in covered areas with a waterproof overhead cover to screen stocks from contamination from windblown dust. Delivery and storage shall be organised in such a manner as to make identification easy. Supports shall be such that distortion of bars is avoided and contamination and corrosion prevented. Individual bundles of reinforcing bars shall be durably marked to identify source, batch number, type and diameter. Any reinforcement which becomes contaminated shall be sandblasted with clean sand, and washed if necessary, not earlier than 3 days before its incorporation in the Works. 6.2.4 Other Materials Other materials shall be stored in such a manner as to avoid contamination and deterioration and where a manufacturer's product is to be used any specific recommendation regarding its storage shall be complied with. 6.3 Concrete Properties 6.3.1 General All concrete, except where otherwise specified by Owner, shall comply with the relevant provisions of BS 5328. Concrete for water retaining structures shall be in accordance with BS 8007. Design of normal concrete shall be to BS 8110. The grades of concrete appropriate for specific use shall, unless specified otherwise, be selected from the preferred grades in BS 5328 which are adequate on grounds of

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 10 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ strength and durability. As a guide the characteristic strength (fcu) for the concrete elements shall, as a minimum, be as follows:

Grade 40 - Prestressed concrete. Grade 30 - Reinforced concrete, precast concrete. Grade 20 - Mass concrete, floor screeds, benching. Grade 15 - Blinding concrete.

The meaning of the terms "grade" and "characteristic strength" is as defined in BS 5328. 6.3.2 Durability The minimum cement contents shall be as follows:

360 kg/m of cement - for Grades 40, 30 and 20 concrete. 250 kg/m of cement - for Grade 15 concrete.

The maximum water/cement ratio for Grade 40 concrete shall be 0.40, for Grade 30 and 20 concrete shall be 0.45, and for Grade 15 concrete shall be 0.5. In all cases of mix proportioning, the quantity of added water shall take account of the moisture contained in the aggregates and shall be the minimum consistent with the workability requirements. 6.3.3 Thermal Crack Control In the first instance the thermal crack control shall be by means of the concrete mix design and subsequently by the construction practice especially curing and protection from drying. Note shall be taken of ACI 224R. Where structural integrity of mass concrete element is likely to be impaired the control of cracking shall be by provision of reinforcement. "Early-age thermal crack control in concrete". The amount of reinforcement shall follow the recommendations of ACI 207R and CIRIA Report 91 -

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 11 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.3.4 Workability For walls, columns, suspended slabs and beams, and grade beams the slump shall be between 50 millimetres and 100 millimetres unless a high range water reducer is approved for use, in which case the slump shall be between 150 millimetres and 200 millimetres. For slabs cast against blinding or no-fines concrete and for foundations the slump shall be between 50 millimetres and 100 millimetres unless a high range water reducer is approved for use in which case the slump shall be between 125 millimetres and 200 millimetres. 6.3.5 Air Content All concrete shall have an air content of 4.5 + 1.5 percent. 6.3.6 Chloride Content The maximum chloride ion content in the concrete resulting from the contribution of the mix ingredients including water, aggregates, cement and admixtures shall be as follows:Type of concrete Maximum chloride ion content (percent by weight of cement) 0.06 0.10 0.60

Prestressed concrete Reinforced concrete Concrete with no embedded steel (mass concrete, floor screeds, benching and blinding) 6.3.7 Sulphate Content

The maximum sulphate content in the concrete, resulting from the contribution of the mix ingredients including water, aggregates, cement and admixtures for all types of concrete shall be 4.0 percent (S03) by weight of cement.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 12 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.3.8 No-Fines Concrete Aggregate shall be 20 millimetres to 10 millimetres graded with no more than 5% passing 10 millimetre sieve. Only sufficient water shall be added to ensure complete coating of aggregate. One half of this water shall be placed into the mixer first, after which the aggregate and cement shall be admitted. After partial mixing the balance of the water shall be added until a consistent mix is achieved. 6.4 Concrete Mix Design 6.4.1 General Contractor shall submit for Owner approval details of the proposed concrete mixes including proportions of all materials, intended compacting factor, the average strength to be attained in trial mixes and a target standard deviation. Following approval the proposed mixes shall be used for carrying out laboratory trials. Subject to any modifications agreed as necessary as a result of the laboratory trials, Contractor shall carry out site trials on each mix under full scale production conditions. The mix proportions resulting from site trials shall, subject to approval, be used for constructing the Works. 6.4.2 Laboratory Trials Contractor shall produce in the laboratory two batches from a trial mix for each grade of concrete using cement and surface dry aggregates typical of the proposed source of supply. Each batch shall contain the correct amount of cement and have a free water/cement ratio at or below the maximum value. The workability of each batch shall be determined. Provided that the slumps obtained fall within the specified limits, and the requirements regarding cement content and free water cement ratio have been met, Contractor may proceed to carry out site trials. For the purpose of determining target mean strength of the concrete a design margin shall be added to the characteristic strength for the particular grade of concrete. This design margin shall not be less than 10N/mm.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 13 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.4.3 Site Trials Trial mixes shall be made at site under full scale production conditions. The proportions of materials used, including the water content and any admixtures, shall agree with the mix proportions determined by the laboratory trial mixes. Three batches of concrete for each grade of concrete shall be produced, using the same plant and mixing time proposed by Contractor for use in the Works. For each grade of concrete the following shall be carried out:

The workability of each of the three batches shall be determined immediately after mixing by the slump test specified in BS 1881: Part 102 or compacting factor in BS 1881: Part 103 as appropriate.

Two (a pair) test cubes or cylinders from each of the three batches shall be made, cured, stored and tested at seven (7) days and twenty-eight (28) days after casting in accordance with the method described in BS 1881.

The relationship between cube and cylinder strength shall be as stated in Section 6.5.7. A site trial mix for a particular grade and type of concrete shall be considered satisfactory provided that: i. ii. The slumps fall within the specified limits, and none of the strengths of the test specimens is below the specified characteristic strength, or iii. iv. the average value of the three consecutive test results taken from the trial mix is equal to or greater than the target mean strength, and the difference in strength between two test specimens divided by their mean value does not exceed 15%, where a test result is the average of two (pair) test specimens.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 14 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ If the results for any mix meet these requirements and the mix complies with all other specified concrete properties, the mix will then be approved for use in the Works. If the results for any mix fail to meet these requirements Contractor shall re-design that mix and make further site trials as above. 6.5 Quality Control and Testing 6.5.1 General Quality control charts shall be prepared and maintained as a record of all the concrete testing activities undertaken. These charts shall, where applicable, show the extreme limits of acceptable values and all test results whether within or outside the acceptable limits. Quality control charts shall be prepared and submitted on a weekly basis. 6.5.2 Cement Cement shall be sampled and tested at the manufacturing plant in accordance with the requirements of BS 4550. A test certificate shall be provided with each delivery of cement to the site. Additionally, any cement which has been stored on the site in bags for 3 or more months, or stored in bulk for 6 or more months shall be sampled and the samples tested for compliance with this Specification. Any cement failing to meet the requirements of this Specification shall be rejected and removed from the site. 6.5.3 Aggregates Aggregates shall be sampled and tested as specified. The tests shown in Table 6.1 shall be carried out at the stated frequencies at the aggregate production plant. The tests shown in Table 6.2 shall be carried out at the stated frequencies at the concrete batching plant.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 15 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ The following action shall be taken if the test results fail to conform with requirements of this specification. (a) (i) Fine Aggregate Grading Where the amount retained on any sieve is outside the range of acceptable values in BS 882, the fine aggregate shall be re-sampled and re-tested. If the second test results in values outside those limits the stockpiles shall be rejected, removed from the aggregate storage area and replaced with material conforming to the Specifications. (ii) Moisture Content When the moisture content of the fine aggregate changes by 0.5% or more, the concrete batching plant scale settings for fine aggregate and water shall be adjusted either directly or by means of a moisture compensation device. (iii) Contamination by Chemicals Where the chemical contents are outside the ranges shown in Table 6.2 the aggregate stored at the batching plant shall be either washed until the chemical content requirements are met, or removed and replaced by material conforming to this Specification. (b) (i) Coarse Aggregate Grading When the amount passing any sieve is outside the specified limits, the coarse aggregate shall be re-sampled and re-tested. If the second sample fails to meet the required limits, the material stockpiled shall be removed from the aggregate storage area and replaced with material conforming to this Specification.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 16 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ (ii) Moisture content The test results and remedial actions for coarse aggregate shall be treated in the same way as for fine aggregate with the proviso that, if the variation in water content results in the specified water/cement ratio being exceeded, the in-situ concrete strength of batches placed before the adjustment shall be sampled and tested in accordance with BS 1881: Part 120. Notwithstanding the results of this test, as soon as it is determined that the maximum water/cement ratio defined in this Specification has been exceeded, concrete work shall cease until full compliance with this Specification is achieved. (iii) Particle shape If the sample tested does not conform to the requirements of BS 812: Part 105, Section 105.1 another sample shall be taken and tested. If this sample fails, the material stockpiled shall be removed from the aggregate storage area and replaced with material conforming to this Specification. (iv) Contamination by Chemicals Where the chemical contents are outside the ranges shown in Table 6.2 the aggregate stored at the batching plant shall be either washed until the chemical content requirements are met, or removed and replaced by material conforming to this Specification.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 17 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 6.1 TESTS FOR AGGREGATES AT THE PRODUCTION PLANT

Test Code or Name

Test Description

Test Requirements

Minimum Frequency

ASTM C 127

Specific gravity and absorption of coarse aggregate

Coarse agg.: Min. bulk saturated surface dry (ssd) specific gravity 2.4, max. absorption 2.5%

1/1000T (Once per 1000 tonnes used - or part thereof produced)

ASTM C 128

Specific gravity and absorption of fine aggregate

Fine agg.: Min. bulk ssd specific gravity 2.4, max. absorption 1.8%

1/1000T or part thereof

ASTM C 142

Clay lumps and friable particles

With chert: Fine aggregate: max. 5.0% Coarse aggregate: max. 5.0% Without chert: Fine aggregate: max. 3.0% Coarse aggregate: max. 3.0%

1/500T or part thereof

BS 812: Part 105

Flakiness index Elongation index (Coarse aggregate)

15% Max. 15% Max.

1/1000T or part thereof

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 18 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 6.1 (continued) TESTS FOR AGGREGATES AT THE PRODUCTION PLANT

Test Code or Name

Test Description

Test Requirements

Minimum Frequency

ASTM C 29/ C 29M

Weight and voids in aggregate

Results used for determining concrete mix design

1/2000T or part thereof

BS 812: Part 121

Soundness of Aggregate by use of sodium sulphate or magnesium sulphate

Use of magnesium sulphate: Fine aggregate: Max. 18% Coarse aggregate: Max. 18%

1/1000T or part therefore

ASTM C 131

Resistance to Degradation of smallsize coarse aggregate by abrasion and impact in the Los Angeles machine

Coarse aggregate: Max. 50% at 500 revolutions

1/2000T or part thereof

BS 812: Part 118

Sulphate content

Max. 0.4%

1/500T or part thereof

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 19 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 6.1 (continued) TESTS FOR AGGREGATES AT THE PRODUCTION PLANT

Test Code or Name

Test Description

Test Requirements

Minimum Frequency

BS 812: Part 117, Appendix C

Chloride content

Fine aggregate: Max. 0.012%

1/500T or part thereof

ASTM C 289

Potential reactivity of aggregate (Chemical method)

ASTM C 33, Sections 7.3 and 11.2

1/2000T or part thereof

ASTM C 586

Potential alkali reactivity of carbonate rocks for concrete aggregates (rock cylinder method)

ASTM C 33, Sections 7.3 and 11.2

1/2000T or part thereof

Quantab test strips

"Quick" chloride content

Fine aggregate: Max. 0.012% Coarse aggregate: Max. 0.005%

1/250T or part thereof

ASTM C 295

Petrographic examination of aggregates for concrete

ASTM C 33, Sections 7.3 and 11.2

Once at start of each aggregate source

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 20 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 6.1 (continued) TESTS FOR AGGREGATES AT THE PRODUCTION PLANT

Test Code or Name

Test Description

Test Requirements

Minimum Frequency

ASTM C 227

Potential alkali reactivity of cementaggregate combinations (mortar bar method)

ASTM C 33 Sec. 7.3 and 11.2

Once at start of each aggregate source

ASTM C 1105

Length change of concrete due to alkalicarbonate rock reaction

ASTM C33 Sec. 7.3 and 11.2

Once at start of each aggregate source

ASTM C 117

Material finer than nr 200 sieve in mineral aggregate by washing

Fine aggregate: 3.0% Max. Coarse aggregate: 1.0% Max.

1/500T or part thereof

BS 812: Part 103

Sieve or screen analysis fine and coarse aggregate

BS 882: Tables 4 (coarse) and 5 (Fine)

1/250T or part thereof

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 21 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 6.1 (continued) TESTS FOR AGGREGATES AT THE PRODUCTION PLANT

Test Code or Name

Test Description

Test Requirements

Minimum Frequency

ASTM C 40

Organic impurities in fine aggregate for concrete

ASTM C 33, Sec. 6.2

1/1000T of part thereof

ASTM C 123

Light weight pieces in aggregate

Fine aggregate: Max. coal and lignite 1.0% per ASTM C 33, Sec. 11.1.8 Coarse aggregate: Max. coal and lignite 0.5% per ASTM C33, Sec. 11.1.8

1/1000T or part thereof

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 22 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 6.2 TESTS FOR AGGREGATES AT THE CONCRETE BATCHING PLANT

Test Code or Name

Test Description

Test Requirements

Minimum Frequency

ASTM C 117

Material finer than Nr 200 sieve in mineral aggregate by washing

Fine aggregate: 3.0% Max. Coarse aggregate: 1.0% Max.

Once every 2 weeks and following periods of inclement weather

BS 812: Part 103

Sieve or screen Analysis fine and coarse aggregate

Once every 2 weeks and following periods of inclement weather

BS 1881: Part 118

Sulphate content

Max. 0.4%

Once per week

Quantab test strips

"Quick" chloride content

Fine aggregate: Max. 0.012% Coarse aggregate: Max. 0.005%

Once per week and following periods of inclement weather

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 23 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ TABLE 6.2 (continued) TESTS FOR AGGREGATES AT THE CONCRETE BATCHING PLANT

Test Code or Name

Test Description

Test Requirements

Minimum Frequency

Speedy moisture

Moisture content coarse and fine aggregate (quick test)

To verify batching proportions

Daily, prior to commencing batching or changing weather conditions

ASTM C 566

Total moisture content of aggregate by drying

To verify batching proportions

Once per week and following rain or inclement weather

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 24 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.5.4 Water The water used for making concrete shall be sampled and tested once per week in accordance with BS 3148. 6.5.5 Concrete Batching Plant The weight batching machines used shall be approved types accurate to within 2% and shall be kept in good condition. The accuracy of each materials measuring component of the batching plant shall be checked once per week. Additionally, if the properties of the fresh concrete have altered in a manner that could be attributed to mix proportion errors, the measuring components shall be checked. The results of all such tests and necessary adjustments to the plant shall be notified to Owner. A daily concrete batching report shall be prepared and submitted to Owner detailing the type and source of cement used, the quantities of any admixture used, the required aggregate and water weights per cubic metre, the amount of free moisture in each size of aggregate, the batched aggregate and water weights per cubic metre. 6.5.6 Fresh Concrete Fresh concrete shall be sampled in accordance with BS 1881: Part 101. (a) Slump The slump of fresh concrete shall be tested in accordance with BS 1881: Part 102. One slump test shall be performed at the start of each individual pour and thereafter repeated on random batches of each 50 cubic metres or part thereof produced, or when samples for compressive strength determination are taken, or when required by Owner. (b) Air Content The air content of the fresh concrete shall be determined in accordance with BS 1881: Part 106. The frequency of sampling and testing shall be whenever

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 25 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ strength specimens are prepared or as required by Owner. If a single test result is outside the limits of this Specification immediate steps shall be taken to correct the batching of the admixture. (c) Density of Fresh Concrete The density of the fresh concrete shall be determined in accordance with BS 1881: Part 107 and shall be tested whenever strength specimens are prepared. (d) Temperature The temperature of the fresh concrete shall be taken and recorded each time a slump test is performed or as required by Owner. 6.5.7 Concrete Strength Samples of fresh concrete shall be taken from the batched mixes, prepared as test cubes or cylinders, and cured and tested in accordance with BS 1881. For the purpose of establishing cube compressive strength (based on 150mm x 150mm x 150mm cube) from cylinder compressive strength (based on 150mm diameter x 300mm length cylinder) the following relationship shall be used: Cube strength = cylinder strength x 1.15. Forty samples shall be made initially in eight random samples each day for the first five days of structural concreting of each grade of concrete. Thereafter one random sample shall be taken from each 50 cubic metres, each individual pour, or each individual structural element for each grade of concrete. The test results shall be examined individually in any consecutive set of two and the mean strength of each set calculated. Test results shall be fully in accordance with BS 5328: Part 4, Clause 3.16.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 26 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ The standard deviation shall be calculated on a continuous basis over suitable time increments to include at least 40 results. The actual mean strength, minus 1.64 times the standard deviation, shall be greater than the characteristic strength. In compliance with BS 5328: Part 1, Clause 10 where the results for any mix do not conform to the above requirements no further concrete of that mix shall be placed until adjustments have been made to the mix proportions. Should any test result give a strength 3 Newtons per square millimetre or more below the specified characteristic strength, Contractor shall test the in-situ concrete in accordance with BS 1881: Part 120. If this test conforms to the strength requirements the concrete shall be deemed satisfactory. Should the results be less than the characteristic strength minus 3 Newtons per square millimetre the concrete shall be cut out and replaced. 6.5.8 Records of Concreting Contractor shall submit daily returns in respect of all concrete placed during the previous day. The returns shall give for each location in the work:

The position of the pour (e.g. bay or lift reference number). The grade of the concrete placed. The total volume of concrete placed and the number of batches used.

In addition, Contractor shall maintain an accurate and up to date record showing dates, times, weather and temperature conditions when each part of the work was concreted. Results of all tests on concrete shall be recorded and identified with the parts of the work to which they relate.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 27 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________

6.6

Batching, Mixing and Transporting Concrete 6.6.1 General The batching, mixing and transporting of concrete shall comply with the applicable sections of BS 1305, BS 5328, ACI 304R. The concrete batching plant shall be capable of providing concrete at the rate necessary to comply with the construction schedule. 6.6.2 Batch Proportions Only with the approval of Owner shall aggregates be volume batched and in no case shall cement be volume batched. Contractor may, however, so proportion the mix that each batch shall use a whole bag or bags of cement, the weight of which is known precisely. Where permission has been given for volume batching of aggregates, all gauge boxes shall be accurate and strongly constructed and due allowance shall be made for bulking of the aggregates in assessing the correct volume to be used. For volumetrically batched aggregates, the provisions of ASTM C 685 shall apply. 6.6.3 Moisture Content The batch plant shall be equipped with a moisture meter which shall accurately indicate the moisture in the fine aggregate. The plant shall be capable of automatically compensating for varying fine aggregate moisture content. 6.6.4 Mixing Concrete Concrete shall be mixed in a batch type or continuous mixer tested in accordance with BS 3963 and having a minimum performance within the limits of Table 6 of BS 1305. Continuous mixers shall be fed with materials which have been proportioned wholly by weight. For the purpose of testing continuous mixers, one cubic metre of concrete sampled during continuous operation shall be taken as the batch referred to in BS 3963 and the batch capacity shall be assumed to be over 0.625m. Concrete mixed in batch type mixers shall be mixed for a time approved by the Owner who will take into account the manufacturer's prototype test report and the test report for

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 28 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ the particular mixer for the mix proportions and the appropriate performance limits of Table 6 of BS 1305. The speed and rate of feed of continuous mixers shall correspond with the values on the test report for the mix proportion and performance limits of Table 6 of BS 1305. The drums or pans of all mixers shall revolve at the speed used for testing in accordance with BS 3965 within a tolerance of plus or minus one revolution per minute. All mixers shall be properly maintained in good working order in every respect. For each mixer proposed, the contractor shall provide a copy of the manufacturer's specification and statement of performance capability. The amount of concrete mixed in any one batch shall not exceed the rated capacity of the mixer. The whole of the mixed batch shall be removed before materials for a fresh batch enter the drum. On cessation of work, including all stoppages exceeding 20 minutes, the mixers and all handling plant shall be washed out with clean water. Concrete mixed as above shall not be modified by the addition of water or otherwise in order to facilitate handling or for any other purpose. 6.6.5 Concrete Production Records The batch plant shall be equipped with an automatic recorder which shall, as a minimum, record the following information: grade of concrete, date, time, cumulative production for each grade of concrete for the day, truck number, cement and aggregate scale tare, individual weights of cement, each aggregate, admixture, water and the moisture compensator setting.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 29 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.6.6 Separation of Constituent Materials Separate bins or compartments shall be provided for each size of aggregate and type of cement. Coarse aggregates shall be separated into the following sizes and stored separately: 40-20 millimetres, 20-10 millimetres and 10-5 millimetres. 6.6.7 Interlock of Discharge Gates or Valves Batcher discharge gates or valves shall be interlocked with the batcher charging gates or valves such that the discharge gates or valves cannot be opened before the charging gates or valves are fully closed. Accurate automatic admixture dispensers shall be provided and interlocked into the batching sequence. The location of the discharge of the admixture shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendation. 6.6.8 Sampling Facility and Batching Tolerance The plant shall be arranged so as to facilitate the inspection of all operations at all times. Provisions shall be available to obtain representative samples of the materials as batched. The batching scales shall be accurate when static load tested to plus and minus 0.4 percent of the total capacity of the scale. 6.6.9 Transporting Equipment All concrete shall be transported in vehicles that comply with the requirements of ASTM C 94, and the recommendations of ACI 304R, Chapter 5. 6.6.10 Mixing times The cement and aggregates shall be thoroughly mixed dry. Mixing shall be continued, after addition of water, for not less than two minutes and until concrete of uniform colour and consistency is obtained.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 30 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.7 Formwork 6.7.1 General Formwork shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of BS 5975 and shall ensure that the finished concrete members conform accurately to the dimensions, lines and elevations shown on the drawings and to the specified tolerances. Top formwork shall be provided to slopes of 30 degrees or more from horizontal. Contractor shall submit details of formwork to Owner for review and approval in advance of concreting. Formwork shall be of such strength and rigidity as to carry the weight and pressure from the fresh concrete to be placed on or against it, together with all constructional, wind or other load likely to be imparted to it, without producing deformation of the finished concrete in excess of the specified tolerances. All formwork shall be sufficiently tight without plugging to prevent loss of grout during the vibration of the concrete. The faces of formwork shall be clean, free from protrusions, adhering grout and other imperfections or defects. 6.7.2 Form Ties Form ties shall be factory fabricated, removable or snap-off metal ties which will neither allow formwork deflection nor spall the concrete when removed. The ties shall be provided with backing plates to distribute loads evenly to the formwork. Bolt or tie systems which, when removed, leave a hole through the member, shall not be permitted in liquid retaining structures. Ties shall be fitted with devices that will leave holes in the concrete surface not less than 6 millimetres nor more than 25 millimetres in diameter. Bolts and rods that are to be completely withdrawn from the finished concrete shall be coated with an approved non-staining bond breaker prior to concreting.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 31 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.7.3 Boxouts Boxes for forming holes shall be constructed to be easily removable without damaging the concrete during removal. They shall be properly vented to permit the escape of entrapped air and shall be capable of being sealed subsequently to prevent the loss of grout. The use of polystyrene blocks for forming holes shall not be allowed unless used purely as a void filler within otherwise rigidly constructed boxes. 6.7.4 Inspection Holes Openings in formwork for inspection and cleaning-out shall be formed so that they can be completely sealed before the placing of concrete. 6.7.5 Formwork Props All props shall be supported on adequate sole plates and shall not bear directly on or against previous concrete. They shall be capable of being released gently without shock to the supported formwork. No appliance for supporting the formwork shall be built into the permanent structure. 6.7.6 Chamfers All outward projecting 90 degree corners shall have a 25 millimetre x 25 millimetre chamfer unless shown otherwise on the drawings. 6.7.7 Formwork Removal Formwork shall not be removed before the minimum allowable times given in Table 6.3 have elapsed after placing concrete.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 32 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________

TABLE 6.3 MINIMUM PERIOD BETWEEN PLACING CONCRETE AND REMOVAL OF FORMWORK Element Beam sides, walls, columns Slabs (props left under) Beam soffits (props left under) Removal of props to slabs Removal of props to beams 6.7.8 Treatment of Formwork Forms, other than retained-in-place metal forms, shall be coated with form oil (mould oil) or form release agent before the concrete is placed. The coatings shall be approved commercial formulations of satisfactory and proven performance. They shall not bond with, stain or adversely affect the concrete surfaces and shall not impair subsequent treatment of concrete surfaces depending upon the bond or adhesion, nor impede the wetting of surfaces to be cured with water or curing agent. Forms for unexposed surfaces that are to be treated with a waterproof membrane shall be moistened with water immediately before placing concrete. Surplus oil on form surfaces, reinforcing steel and construction joints shall be removed before placing the concrete. Where a concrete surface is to be permanently exposed only one release agent shall be used throughout the entire area. Release agents shall be applied evenly. Where the concrete surface is to receive an applied finish, care shall be taken to ensure compatibility between the release agent and the finish. Time (Days) 1 4 7 10 16

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 33 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.8 Reinforcement 6.8.1 Preparation Reinforcement shall be wire brushed and cleaned to remove all loose millscale, rust, grease and dust before it is placed in position. Bending dimensions, cutting and scheduling shall be in accordance with BS 4466. 6.8.2 Site Fixing Reinforcement shall be fabricated to the shapes and dimensions shown and shall be fixed in strict accordance with the Drawings. Cutting and bending shall be in accordance with BS 4466 and shall be done without the application of heat and in a temperature no less than 5C. Suitable precautions shall be taken by Contractor to prevent displacement of the reinforcement during the placing and compaction of the concrete. The placement of reinforcement with kinks or bends shall not be permitted. 6.8.3 Supports Where required to support and retain the reinforcement in its correct position, Contractor shall provide templates, stools or other supports. Precast concrete support blocks for reinforcement shall be manufactured from Grade 30 concrete of 10 millimetre maximum aggregate size to ensure the correct cover thickness. They shall be cured before use and carefully stored on the site to avoid contamination. Plastic supports may be used subject to the approval of Owner. Where precast concrete support blocks are used, they shall be wedge-shaped, not larger than 90 millimetres by 90 millimetres, of a thickness necessary to provide the required cover and with an embedded hooked stainless steel tie wire for anchorage. If the formed surface is exposed to view, the precast concrete support block shall be the same quality, texture and colour as the finished surface.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 34 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.8.4 Cover and Laps Cover to reinforcement shall be in accordance with the drawings. Cover shall be maintained over ties, stirrups and lap splices. Except where shown otherwise the lap length for high yield steel shall be in accordance with BS 8110. Laps and joints in reinforcement shall be made only at the positions shown on the drawings or as agreed by the Owner. 6.8.5 Tie Wire All intersections of bars shall be tied with 16 gauge black annealed iron wire and shall have the loose ends pointing away from the formwork, such that they do not project into the specified concrete cover. 6.8.6 Welding Welding of bar reinforcement at intersections or for the joining of bars shall not be permitted. 6.8.7 Mesh Laps Wire mesh fabric reinforcement shall not be continuous across joints. Lap splices shall be at least one full mesh plus 50 millimetres, staggered to avoid continuous laps in either direction, and securely wired. 6.9 Built-in Items, Holes and Cavities Contractor shall be responsible for the co-ordination of all requirements as regards provision of holes, chases, cavities and fixings. Where reinforcing bars at the specified spacing would foul holes of size less than 250 millimetres x 250 millimetres the full length of the bar shall be moved to one side. Bars shall be positioned to provide the specified cover to the face of the hole. In the case of holes exceeding 250 millimetres x 250 millimetres the bars shall be cut on site and lapped with additional equivalent bars, or placed as shown on the drawings.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 35 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ Embedded items shall be fabricated and installed to satisfy design requirements. Where pipes, sleeves, water bars or other items are built into concrete, they shall be rigidly secured in position to prevent movement. Inserts for anchoring structural, architectural, electrical and mechanical fixtures and fittings shall be cast in-situ with the concrete according to the manufacturer's instructions and shall be free from external coatings which might reduce the bond. Where in-situ casting is not suitable or is constrained by the proximity of construction equipment box-outs may be used. Contractor shall submit for approval of Owner on a case by case basis his proposals for using box-outs. Embedded items which are galvanised shall not be tied to or in contact with reinforcing steel. Dissimilar metals shall not be in contact within the concrete. Concrete cover to embedded items shall not be less than the cover to the reinforcement and the concrete shall be worked around the items so as to achieve full compaction. Bolts, hooks and other fixings shall be embedded in concrete, or holes shall be drilled and fitted with threaded expanding anchors to receive the bolts. Contractor shall ensure that bolts, hooks and other fixings are accurately positioned. Holding down bolts for machinery shall be set to template. Wherever possible, Contractor shall build in all pipework and metalwork which passes through walls and floors, and he shall ensure that it is thoroughly encased in concrete. 6.10 Concreting 6.10.1 General The finished concrete shall be dense and free from honeycombing. Any free water shall be removed from locations where concrete is to be placed before placing the concrete. Any flows of water shall be diverted away from the Works without washing over freshly deposited concrete. All debris and foreign material shall be removed from the interior of the formwork. Runways shall be provided for wheeled concrete-handling equipment, such equipment shall not be wheeled over reinforcement nor shall runways be supported on the reinforcement. Reinforcement, embedded items and formwork shall be inspected and approved before the placing of

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 36 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ concrete. Wind blown contaminants (such as salt and dust) shall be removed from all embedded items, reinforcement and formwork prior to the placing of concrete. 6.10.2 Transport Transport of concrete from the mixer to the forms shall be in accordance with BS 5328: Part 3, Clause 4.10. 6.10.3 Chutes and Drop Pipes Concrete may be placed directly from a truck mixer or other transporting equipment. The chutes attached to this equipment may be used provided that the clear free fall from the end of the chute is no greater than 1 metre and that the slope of the chute does not exceed 1 vertical to 1 horizontal. When transferring concrete vertically from higher to lower elevations, drop pipes (trunking) shall be used. 6.10.4 Buckets and Skips Concrete buckets and skips may be used provided that the equipment is designed to discharge concrete of the slump required, the discharge gates are tight against escaping grout when closed and that any free fall of concrete does not exceed 1 metre. 6.10.5 Pumps The delivery pipe shall be steel or heavy duty flexible hose and the concrete shall be supplied continuously to the pump. The pump shall be of adequate capacity and power to ensure delivery of a continuous supply of concrete. Whenever the supply of concrete to the pump is interrupted for more than 1 hour the chutes, pumps, pipes and any other means of distribution shall be thoroughly flushed out with water and cleaned, and shall be flushed with water immediately prior to the resumption of concreting. All wash water used shall be discharged outside the formwork and clear of any freshly placed concrete. When pumping is complete, the concrete remaining in the pipeline shall be ejected without contaminating the concrete in place. At all times when pumping concrete Contractor shall provide adequate alternative arrangements for placing the concrete in case of a breakdown of the pumping equipment.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 37 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.10.6 Placing and Compacting Concrete Concrete shall be placed and compacted in accordance with the recommendations of ACI 304R, Chapter 6 and ACI 309R. No concrete shall be placed until Contractor has obtained the approval to do so from Owner. Process control sheets shall be developed jointly between Contractor and Owner to administer the procedures for inspection and approval. Concrete shall be handled from mixer to forms in a continuous manner until the approved pour has been completed and shall be deposited as close as possible to its final position in the forms and in layers not exceeding 500 millimetres. The total time taken from the addition of water to the mix until the completion of finishing operations on any batch of concrete shall not exceed 2 hours and be within 30 minutes of the discharge from the agitator. Temporary or permanent stoppages of work shall only be made against stop ends and between specified or approved construction joints. Each batch of concrete shall be consolidated by internal vibrators according to the manufacturer's recommendations with respect to effective radius and time of vibration. The vibrators shall be withdrawn immediately water or a thin film of mortar begins to appear on the surface of the concrete. Vibrators shall be withdrawn slowly from the concrete. Vibrators shall be inserted vertically at uniform spacing to ensure that the effective vibrated areas just overlap. Vibrators shall not be used for moving concrete within the forms. Slabs 100 millimetres thick or less shall be compacted by vibrating beams or other approved techniques and not by internal vibrators. Contractor shall ensure that for all concreting operations sufficient vibrators are available to facilitate continuity of the placing and that stand-by vibrators are available in the event of breakdowns. Concrete placing shall cease in the event of a

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 38 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ total breakdown of the vibration equipment and shall be reduced with partial failure of the equipment. Concrete that has not been properly compacted shall be rejected. Concrete which is transported in truck mixers or agitators, or concrete which is truck mixed shall normally be placed within 90 minutes. 6.10.7 Hot Weather Concreting When the temperature of fresh design mix concrete exceeds 30C with the consequence that workability is adversely affected, mixing and placing of the concrete in question shall be terminated. Special precautions shall be taken to ensure the concrete temperature at placing is maintained below 30C. These precautions may include:

Protecting all aggregate stockpiles, water lines and tanks as well as the mixer from the direct rays of the sun.

Mixing water cooled by the addition of ice to the storage tanks. Concreting carried out during the cooler parts of the day or during the night. Cooling all chutes, formwork and reinforcement by watering when possible, or otherwise protecting the site of placing from the direct rays of the sun. Any water so used shall be removed before placing the concrete in the formwork.

Providing wind shields during periods of drying winds.

To minimise the possibility of plastic shrinkage of the fresh concrete the rate of evaporation of water from the surface of the concrete shall be measured according to ACI 305R and if this exceeds 1.0 kilogram per square metre per hour, the concrete shall be protected immediately after placing.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 39 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.10.8 Concreting in Cold Weather Concreting at ambient temperatures below 2C may be carried out only if the following conditions are met: The aggregates and water used in the mix shall be free from snow, ice and frost before placing concrete. The formwork, reinforcement and any surface with which the fresh concrete will be in contact shall be free from snow, ice and frost and shall be at a temperature above 0C. The initial temperature of the concrete at the time of placing shall be at least 5C. The temperature at the surface of the concrete shall be maintained at not less than 5C at any point, nor should water curing be applied until the concrete reaches a strength of 5N/mm as confirmed by tests on cubes matured under similar conditions. The Contractor shall take precautions to prevent the temperature of any concrete falling to 0C during the first five days after placing. Concreting is not to be carried out when the air temperature is below 2C on a falling thermometer or 1C on a rising thermometer. 6.10.9 Time Between Pours The time between successive vertical lifts shall not be less than 3 days and not more than 7 days. The time between placing concrete in adjacent pours separated by construction joints shall not be less than 21 days. 6.10.10 Floor Slabs on Grade Immediately before placing concrete, the capillary water barrier or subgrade under slabs in buildings shall be covered with a vapour barrier unless membrane waterproofing is indicated. Punctures and tears during subsequent operations shall

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 40 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ be patched. Edges shall be lapped not less than 100 millimetres and ends not less than 150 millimetres. Patches and lapped joints shall be sealed with a pressuresensitive adhesive or pressure-sensitive tape, not less than 50 millimetre wide and compatible with the membrane. 6.10.11 Construction Joints Before commencing construction of any structure, Contractor shall submit for Owner approval drawings showing full details of construction joints including their location and lift heights. No construction joints shall be formed which are not shown on approved drawings. Construction joints shall be provided with water stops where shown on drawings, where joints in concrete elements are in contact with ground soil, and wherever construction joints occur in liquid retaining structures. Water stops shall be properly installed and joined to other water stops at the ends of the joints to provide a continuous barrier to the passage of water in the finished structure. To ensure control in the placing of concrete slabs Contractor shall provide control boards to form panels not larger than 15 square metres in plan area. These shall be lifted as concreting proceeds. Where ready-mixed concrete is used, the control boards shall be positioned so as to enclose a volume of concrete equal to that delivered by each truck. Horizontal construction joints in walls shall be formed along straight lines coinciding with the full height of the formwork. Construction joints shall be formed normal to the surface of the retained concrete. As soon as possible after concreting, and while the surface is still green, the surface of the concrete forming the joint shall be freed of loose aggregate and sprayed with a fine spray of water to prevent the formation of laitance. Where laitance has not been removed before the concrete has hardened it shall be removed by use of an approved power operated hammer. Subsequently all excess water shall be removed by a jet of compressed air and the surface left clean to receive further concrete.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 41 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.10.12 Water stops Water stops shall be an approved polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or rubber proprietary brand conforming to U.S. Corps of Engineers CRD-C572 or CRD-C513. The minimum web thickness shall be 4.5 and 10 millimetres for PVC and rubber water stops respectively. Site jointing and all fixing shall be strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. manufactured items. 6.10.13 Joint Sealant Joint sealant shall conform with the requirements of ASTM C 920 and ASTM D 1190 elastomeric joint sealant. The concrete surfaces adjacent to the joint sealant shall be clean, dry and free from oil or other foreign matter and shall be prepared in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The sealant shall completely fill the rebates designated for it and shall be fully bonded to the concrete along both sides of the joint. It shall be debonded from the back face of the joint by means of an approved bond breaker. 6.10.14 Joint Filler Joint filler shall be of an approved proprietary brand conforming to ASTM D 1751 or ASTM D 1752 and shall be installed according to the manufacturer's instructions. The joints shall be filled with one thickness of the material to the dimensions shown on the drawings. 6.10.15 Bond Breaker Bond breaking material shall be compatible for use with the approved joint sealant and joint filler and shall be applied at the interface between sealant and filler as shown on the drawings. between filler and sealant. The bond breaker shall completely span the interface All cruciform and T-joints shall be standard

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 42 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.10.16 Floor Screeds Floor screeds shall be constructed to the lines, elevations and crossfalls shown on the drawings and shall consist of Grade 20 concrete with 10 millimetre maximum size aggregate. 6.10.17 Concrete Benching Concrete for benching in manholes and structures shall consist of Grade 20 concrete with 20 millimetre maximum size aggregate. It shall be placed with low workability to the shape required and, while still green, shall be finished with not less than 50 millimetres of Grade 20 concrete with 10 millimetre maximum size aggregate to a steel trowelled finish and to the contours shown on the drawings. 6.10.18 Concreting on "no-fines" Concrete The exposed surfaces of no-fines concrete upon which, or against which, further concrete is to be placed shall be completely covered with an approved breather type membrane complying with the requirements of BS 4016. Care shall be taken to ensure that the paper is not cut or torn during the erection of formwork or the fixing of reinforcement. The laps of adjacent sheets of building paper shall not be less than 200 millimetres. In the event of cuts or tears in the paper, patches with a minimum overlap of 200 millimetres shall be used to cover the damaged area and care taken during concreting to ensure that none of the grout from the concrete being placed escapes into the no-fines concrete. 6.11 Curing and Protection Of Concrete 6.11.1 General Concrete shall be cured for a minimum period of 7 days in accordance with the requirements of ACI 308. Immediately after placing, the concrete shall be protected from premature drying, mechanical injury and from the effects of rain or flowing water. All materials and equipment needed for curing and protection shall be available at the point of concrete

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 43 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ placing prior to the concreting operations. Concreting shall not proceed without this provision. No fire or excessive heat shall be permitted near or in direct contact with the concrete or formwork at any time during the curing process. 6.11.2 Moist Curing Concrete surfaces shall be maintained continuously wet for the entire curing period. If the water stains or discolours the concrete surfaces which are to be permanently exposed, the concrete surfaces shall be cleaned. If the forms are removed before the end of the curing period, curing shall be carried out as on unformed surfaces, using suitable approved materials. 6.11.3 Curing Compound Curing compound shall only be used with the approval of Owner. The curing compound shall conform to ASTM C 309R, Type 1 - D Class A or B. Curing compound shall not be used on surfaces that are to receive any subsequent treatment which is dependent upon adhesion or bonding to the concrete. Styrene acrylate or chlorinated rubber compound meeting Class B requirements may be used for surfaces which are to be painted. Curing compound shall be applied to formed surfaces immediately after the forms are removed and prior to any patching or surface treatment except the cleaning of loose sand, mortar, and debris from the surface. For slabs the curing compound shall be applied to slab surfaces as soon as the finishing operations are complete. The compound shall be applied in a one-coat continuous operation by mechanical spraying equipment, at a uniform coverage in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Two coats may be required due to wind conditions or surface texture and shall only be applied with the approval of Owner. Concrete surfaces which have been subjected to rainfall within 3 hours after curing compound has been applied shall be resprayed at the coverage specified for the initial application.

BRNA-SP-CS-012-03

April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 44 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ Surfaces permanently exposed to view shall be shaded from direct rays of the sun for the duration of the curing period. Surfaces coated with curing compound shall be kept free from pedestrian and vehicular traffic, and from other sources of abrasion and contamination during the curing period. 6.11.4 Impermeable Sheeting Exposed concrete surfaces shall be covered with impermeable sheeting, properly secured to prevent removal by wind and the development of air spaces beneath it. Joints in the sheeting shall be lapped by at least 300 millimetres. 6.11.5 Limitation of Temperature Differentials The temperature differentials in concrete elements greater than 0.5 metre thick shall be limited to a maximum permissible between the core and the surface of 20C. 6.12 Surface Treatment and Remedial Works 6.12.1 General Requirements All exposed faces of concrete shall be hard, dense, smooth and free from honeycombing, air and water holes and other blemishes. 6.12.2 Surface Defects Within 24 hours of the removal of the formwork surface defects shall be remedied as follows:

For permanently exposed surfaces, fins shall be removed by rubbing down and all grit and dust therefrom thoroughly washed off with clean water. Holes left by the removal of tie rods shall be reamed and filled with an approved proprietary brand non-shrink mortar.

For all surfaces, honeycomb and other defects shall be cut back to sound concrete and to a depth of not less than 25 millimetres. The edges of the repair area shall be cut perpendicular to the surface of the concrete and the area of repair cleared of all loose material. The prepared area shall be

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 45 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ thoroughly dampened and the repair shall be completed using an approved proprietary brand non-shrink cementitious repair mortar thoroughly tamped into place. In lieu of patching, a small shotcrete gun may be used. The patches shall be finished flush with adjacent surfaces. The air temperature shall be above 15 degrees centigrade while making the repair and during the following 72 hours curing period. 6.12.3 Treatment other than for Surface Defects Defective areas which, in the opinion of Owner, cannot be remedied by the treatment specified above shall be cut back until sound concrete is encountered. The limits of the cut back area shall be directed by Owner. The sides of the cavity created and any reinforcement shall be cleared of all loose material, oil, grease and other deleterious material. Formwork shall be erected to restore the affected surface to the lines and level required and the cavity filled with concrete of the grade required in the final Works. Before filling with new concrete the existing concrete surfaces of the cavity shall be dampened with water. Any excess water shall be removed before concreting. Care shall be taken to ensure that the correct cover to reinforcement is achieved, that the finished surface is flush with the surrounding surfaces and that the replacement concrete is properly compacted. 6.12.4 Replacement of Concrete As and when directed by Owner, Contractor shall cut out and replace concrete for any of the following reasons:

The concrete does not conform to the Specification. Deleterious materials or materials which are likely to produce harmful effects have been included in the concrete. Honeycombed or damaged areas occur. The finished concrete sizes are not in accordance with the drawings within the tolerances specified. The setting-out is incorrect. The steel cover has not been maintained.

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 46 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________

The protection, including curing, of the concrete during construction was inadequate, resulting in damage. The work of making good or other remedial measures have not been carried out to Owner satisfaction. Deformation of or damage to the Works has taken place due to inadequate formwork or to premature or excessive loading.

6.13

Concrete Finishes 6.13.1 Formed Finish - F1 This shall be the standard of finish to all concrete formed surfaces that are to be concealed in the completed work or by other construction, unless otherwise indicated or specified. The surface treatment shall comprise the filling of any depressions greater than 12 millimetres deep, including tie-rod holes, and the removal of any fins exceeding 6 millimetres in height by rubbing down with carborundum stone. The surface so formed shall be within plus or minus 12 millimetres of the required line and level. Abrupt irregularities shall not exceed 6 millimetres and gradual surface irregularities shall not exceed plus or minus 6 millimetres when measured with a 1.5 metre straight edge. 6.13.2 Formed Finish - F2 F2 form finishes shall generally comprise all concrete surfaces that are exposed either to air or water or that are to be covered with a coating material applied directly to the concrete, or a covering material bonded to the concrete such as waterproofing, and are not included in the classification for F3 finishes. The surfaces shall be formed using close fitting good quality plywood or steel faced boarding with true arises without visible offsets or bulges. Any fins greater than 6 millimetres in height shall be rubbed down with carborundum stone. The surfaces so formed shall be within plus or minus 3 millimetres of the required line and level. Abrupt irregularities shall not exceed 6 millimetres and gradual irregularities shall not exceed plus or minus 3 millimetres when measured with a 1.5 metre straight edge.

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 47 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.13.3 Formed Finish - F3 F3 form finishes shall generally comprise those surfaces which convey water or against which water is impacted. The formed surfaces shall comply with the requirements for F2 finishes with the exception that abrupt irregularities and fins shall be no more than 3 millimetres in height. In the event that the formed surfaces require treatment following the removal of formwork, all fins over 3 millimetres in height shall be rubbed down with carborundum stone and the formed surfaces treated with a filling paste comprising one part ordinary Portland cement and two parts well graded sand passing a Nr. 30 sieve, with water added to give the consistency of thick paint. After the surface has been thoroughly wetted and allowed to approach surface dryness, the mortar shall be vigorously applied to the area by clean burlap pads or by cork or wood-floating, to completely fill all surface voids. Excess grout shall be scraped off with a trowel. As soon as it can be accomplished without pulling the mortar from the voids, the area shall be rubbed down with burlap pads having on their surface the same sand-cement mix specified above but without any mixing water, until all of the visible grout film is removed. The finish of any area shall be completed in the same day, and the limits of a finished area shall be made at natural breaks in the surface. The surface shall be continuously moist cured for 48 hours. 6.13.4 Rough Slab Finish - U1 Immediately after consolidation, slabs shall be screeded with straight edges to bring the surface to the required finish level with no coarse aggregate visible. for tile, terrazzo and other bonded applied cementituous floor finishes. 6.13.5 Wood Float Finish - U2 Wood float finish shall be applied to monolithic slab surfaces that are to receive trowel and other finishes and slab surfaces which are to be covered with bituminous waterproofing or elastomeric membrane roofing. The resulting rough slab finish should be suitable to receive fill and mortar setting beds

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 48 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ Wood float finishes shall be formed by smooth floating the accurately levelled and screeded surface. Care shall be taken to ensure that the concrete is worked no more than is necessary to produce a uniform surface free from screed marks. 6.13.6 Steel Trowel Finish - U3 Trowel finish shall be applied to monolithic slab surfaces that are to be exposed to view and slab surfaces that are to be covered with resilient flooring, paint, or other thin-film finish coating systems. Immediately following the wood floating, the surface shall be steel-trowelled to produce a smooth, dense surface free from blemishes including trowel marks. In lieu of hand finishing, an Owner approved power finishing machine may be used in accordance with the directions of the machine manufacturer. A final hard steel trowelling shall be done by hand. 6.13.7 Non-Slip Finish - U4 Brush finish shall be given to exterior concrete platforms, steps and ramps. After wood floating, the surface shall be lightly steel-trowelled, and then brushed with a fibre-bristle broom. 6.14 Corrosion Protection of Concrete 6.14.1 General Corrosion protection of buried concrete structures shall be in accordance with the "Standard Specification for the Corrosion Protection of Buried Concrete Structures". External surfaces of reinforced concrete structures and pre-cast concrete units buried or in contact with the ground, shall be protected by plastic membrane. Alternatively, concrete surfaces of small structures in contact with the ground shall be coated with a cold applied liquid coating. Mass concrete used for structural purposes may or may not be tanked depending on the degree of exposure to sulphate attack (see Section 6.1.2).

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 49 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ Mass concrete used for fill or other non-structural purposes does not require tanking. The blinding course beneath reinforced concrete shall be overlain with a water and vapour proof polyethylene membrane. A cold applied adhesive plastic membrane shall overlap the foundation membrane to form an effective seal. The membrane shall fully encase the underground structure before backfilling. The tanking system used shall be suitable for effective protection against aggressive salts in a hot, wet environment and shall be tested, installed, formed and completed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Chamfers or fillets shall be formed to ensure To ensure the continuity of membranes that cover right angle concrete joints.

tanking system is not damaged when erecting formwork and reinforcement Contractor shall use a sandwich foundation sealing system incorporating the impervious barrier between two layers of blinding concrete. To ensure that the tanking system is not damaged during backfilling Contractor shall use a protective covering as described in Section 6.14.6. 6.14.2 Materials Plastic membranes for tanking shall be of a proprietary brand especially designed and manufactured for the purpose of tanking, and shall comprise a chemically inert backing sheet with a bituminous adhesive on one side, with a minimum combined thickness of 1.5 millimetres. The width of roll shall not be less than one metre. Plastic membranes below structural bases shall be of two types:

Polyethylene sheeting with a minimum thickness of 1.0 millimetres. Textured high density polyethylene membrane with a minimum thickness of 1.5 millimetres and minimum friction angle of 31o between the membrane and both the underlying blinding concrete and the overlying structural concrete.

Textured high density polyethylene membrane shall be used where the structure is designed to resist horizontal forces unless otherwise shown on drawings.

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 50 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ The cold applied liquid coating shall be as detailed in "Standard Specification for the Corrosion Protection of Buried Concrete Structures" and "Standard Specification for Coatings and Linings". Storage of all materials shall be in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations. 6.14.3 Surfaces to be Protected All surfaces to be tanked shall have a smooth finish, free of sharp projections or hollows. Cured concrete bases and pre-cast concrete units shall be dry and swept free of sand, dust and stones. 6.14.4 Priming Prior to application of tanking, the concrete shall be primed with a compatible primer recommended and obtained from the manufacturer of the plastic membrane. The area to be primed at any one time shall not exceed that which can have the tanking applied before the primed area becomes contaminated with wind-blown sand and dust. 6.14.5 Application of Tanking The membrane shall be applied with the adhesive face over the dry primed surface. Adjacent rolls of the membrane shall overlap by a minimum of 50 millimetres, and end-to-end joints shall overlap by at least 100 millimetres. All overlaps and joints shall be firmly pressed or rolled to ensure that the joint is water tight. On all internal or external corners or angles, a 300 millimetres wide reinforcing strip of the same tanking material shall be applied. On internal angles the reinforcing strip shall be applied over a fillet of primed mortar or sealing compound.

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 51 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.14.6 Protective Covering for Tanking Membrane The protective covering shall be a tough, hard, impact resistant bituminous board containing stone dust filling and chippings and shall have at least one smooth face. It shall be a minimum of 3 millimetre thick, rot-proof, water repellent and resistant, and impervious to groundwater chemical attack. It shall also be proof against attack from insects, rodents and termites and shall not be capable of supporting or hosting vegetable or microbial growth. It shall be supplied in sheets no larger than 2 metres by 3 metres. The protective covering shall generally be held against the structure by the weight of the soil behind. If any fixing to the structure is required, it shall be accomplished without any damage to the waterproof tanking material. Contractor shall seal the joints between boards with a strong adhesive tape. 6.15 Precast Concrete Flags, Kerbs, etc. Precast concrete units shall be obtained from an approved manufacturer or cast at the Site of the Works in accordance with the requirements of BS 7263. They shall be true to dimension and shape, with true arises and with smooth exposed faces free from surface blemishes, air holes, crazing and other defects, whether developed before or after building-in. Units shall be tested for water absorption in accordance with BS 7263 and shall display no greater absorption than that specified under Clause 13 of BS 7263: Part 1. 6.16 Setting Base Plates And Bearing Plates 6.16.1 General After being set up and checked for alignment, level and verticality, base plates and bearing plates shall be set with a proprietary non-shrink grout or mortar in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations. The plates shall be set and anchored to the correct alignment and elevation using metal wedges, shims and/or setting nuts. Concrete and metal surfaces in contact with the bedding shall be clean and free from oil and grease. Concrete surfaces shall be free from laitance and shall be dampened.

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BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 52 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ 6.16.2 Non-shrink Grout Non-shrink grout shall comply with the requirements of CRD-C621 with a minimum 28 day compressive strength of 35 N/mm. Mixing and placing shall conform with the manufacturer's recommendations. Forms shall be used to retain the grout and the surface finish attained shall conform with that of the structural surfaces surrounding it. The grout shall be placed quickly and continuously completely filling the void without segregation or bleeding. 6.16.3 Slip Bearings Slip bearings shall comprise two (2) layers of approved proprietary, preformed bearing strips of dense extruded polyethylene sheet each 1.5 mm thick. Material minimum safe load capacity shall be 0.1 N/mm. The maximum coefficient of friction shall be 0.28. The concrete surface shall be prepared, and the bearing material bonded to the concrete surface in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. 7.0 DOCUMENTATION TO BE SUBMITTED Contractor shall submit the following documentation to Owner for review and approval:7.1 Reports Materials management reports for quality control of all aggregate and concrete testing activities. Quality control documentation reports for daily concreting records. 7.2 Technical Data Test certificates for cement and reinforcing steel. Manufacturer's technical data sheets for all proprietary products.

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April, 01

BROWN & ROOT NA LTD DOC. NO.: BRNA-SP-CS-012-03 STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CONCRETE PAGE 53 OF 53 _________________________________________________________________________________ Quality control documentation and calculations for concrete mix design details. Loading and calculations relating to design of formwork. General arrangement drawings of construction joints and identifying sequence of construction.

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April, 01