When ‘hydrogen control’ is specified for a manual metal arc welding project the electrode would normally be: a. Cellulose b. Iron oxide c. Acid d. Basic 2. You would certainly recognise a hydrogen controlled flux covered electrode from its: a. Colour b. Length c. Trade name d. BS639/AWS code letter 3. When manual metal arc welding is being carried out on an open construction site, which group of welders are most likely to require continuous monitoring? a. Concrete shuttering welding teams b. Pipe welding teams c. Plate welders d. Plant maintenance welders 4. You notice manual metal arc electrodes, stripped of flux, are being used as filler wire for TIG welding. You would object because: a. It is too expensive b. The wire would be too thick c. The metal composition may be wrong d. The wire is too short 5. When open site working, serious porosity in metal arc welds is brought to your attention. What would you investigate? a. Electrode type b. Power plant type c. Electrode storage d. Day temperature 6. The steel composition in a structural contract is changed from 0.15% carbon 0.6% manganese, to 0.2% carbon 1.2% manganese. This might influence the incidence of: a. Porosity b. Cracking in the weld area c. Undercut for fillet welds d. Lack of fusion defects 7. One of the following alloys is non-magnetic - which? a. 4.0% chromium molybdenum b. 12.0% chromium c. Austenitic stainless steel

d. 9.0% nickel steel 8. When TIG welding austenitic stainless steel pipe, argon gas backing is called for. This is to: a. Prevent oxidation b. Prevent underbead cracking c. Prevent porosity d. Control the penetration bead shape 9. Pre-heating a carbon steel manual metal arc welding is carried out to minimise the risk of: a. Scattered porosity b. Worm hole porosity c. Parent metal cracking d. Lack of penetration 10. In UK practice, BS499 specifies that the drawing dimension quoted for a fillet weld is the: a. Leg length b. Throat thickness c. Weld width d. Actual throat thickness 11. For open site manual metal welding the following equipment is available. Which would you choose for safe site working? a. Single operator transformer b. Multi operator transformers c. AC/DC composite power unit d. Diesel engine driven motor generator 12. If submerged arc welding is used to make butt welds, which would you be most critical of? a. The root gap tolerance b. The angle of preparation c. The root face width d. The gas cut finish 13. During CO2 welding, the arc length is most likely to be affected by: a. The wire diameter b. The current return connections c. The gas flow rate d. The torch to work angle 14. Preheating for arc welding applies to: a. Assembly welding only b. Assembly and tack welding c. Joints over 25 mm thick only d. Cruciform welds only 15. Which one of the following statements is correct? a. Preheating increases hardness

b. Preheating increases cooling c. Preheating increases dilution d. Preheating increases shrinkage stress 16. You see a welder using an oxy-acetylene flame with a long feathered inner cone. What would be the effect of this on carbon steel? a. The weld would be hard and brittle b. The weld could be too soft c. There will be no effect on the weld d. The weld will have undercut 17. A welder qualification test is to verify: a. The skill of the welder b. The quality of the materials c. The non-destructive test procedures d. The manufacturing methods 18. A fabricating procedure calls for fillet welds to be 'blended in' by grinding. This influences: a. HAZ. cracking b. Fatigue life c. Residual stress d. Yield strength 19. Bend test specimens have been taken from a 25 mm thick carbon steel butt weld. Which would show lack of inter-run fusion? a. Side bend b. Root bend c. Face bend d. Guided bend 20. Lamellar tearing has occurred in a steel fabrication. BEFORE welding could it have been found by: a. X-ray examination b. Dye penetrant c. Ultrasonic examination d. It would not have been found by any inspection method 21. You are to oversee the arc welding of some machine fittings and find that they are cadmium plated. Would you: a. Permit it to proceed b. Permit it to proceed with fume extraction c. Stop the operation at once d. Advise the welder to drink milk and proceed 22. One of the reasons for excluding hydrogen from the weld metal is to prevent the weld from: a. Cracking

Prevent hardening and cracking 27. One purpose of a microscopic examination of a weld is to establish the: a. Strength of the weld b. Tensile c. Improve the quality of the cut b. Tensile strength 25. Impact b. Weld annealing . Expanding 23. The predominant structure of an hyper-eutectoid steel that has been quenched at above its upper critical point will be: a. Refine the grain structure d. Plasticity c. Sorbite 29. Tenacity b. Austenite b. Fatigue 26. a suitable mechanical test would be: a. When a metal regains its original shape when a stress acting upon it is removed. To test a component for vibrational loading. Troostite d. the metal is said to have: a. Martensite c. Proof stress is used when non-ferrous metals are undergoing tensile tests to determine the equivalent: a. Number of runs used 28. The main reason for pre-heating medium and high carbon steels before cutting by oxy-fuel gas technique is to: a. Cooling slowly c. Yield strength d.b. Compressive d. Increase the cutting speed c. it is known by the term: a. Ductility b. When weld metal refinement takes place in a multi-run deposit. Grain size d. Elasticity c. Malleability d. Number of alloying elements c. Elasticity 24. Cooling quickly d.

3. d. In MMA welding what parameter is used for control of penetration into the base material? a. Which of the following symbols would indicate that a weld has to be finished on the 'other' side of the weld? a. A stable arc when using high current densities c. Less dilution of the weld by the parent metal 4. b. Iron powders in the coating d. Welding speed c. Weld refining c. All of the above . the profile of the root bead is controlled by: a. Root face b. Produces a deposit low in hydrogen content c. Can be used in draughty locations without protection b. One advantage of metal gas arc shielded welding is: a. b. Fine spatter at nozzle restricting gas flow MULTICHOICE PAPER TWO 1. Current 5. Root gap d. The use of flux with gas shielded metal arc welding allows: a. Weld recrystallisation 30. Any welding position can be welded with spray transfer d. Sheet metal to be welded b. In the welding of a butt joint from one side. Aluminium to be welded d.b. Weld normalising d. 10 2. 10 c. Voltage b. Which of the following symbols indicates the depth of weld penetration required on the joint? a. 10 d. BS499 communicates by the use of symbols the type of joint preparation to be used. c. Bevel angle c.

In MMA welding. Give off phosgene gas c. Carbon 10. Hardness d. The weld metal deposit of MMA electrodes achieves its mechanical strength through: a. The core wire b. Macro b. What type of power characteristic is required for manual welding? a. Which of the following elements has the greater effect on the hardenability of a steel plate? a. DC generator 7. Inductance 11. None of the above 12. Drooping characteristic d. Charpy vee notch 8. Which type of slag would be required for welding in the HV position? a. All the above 9. What constituent is needed in the coating of an electrode to prevent the formation of . Iron powders with the flux coating d. Amperage c. Which of the following tests would indicate the toughness of weld metal/parent metal HAZ? a. Degreasing components is essential for quality welding but some agents may: a. Molybdenum b. None of the above 13. Cause corrosion problems b. Fluid b. Nick break c. Flat characteristic c. In MAG/CO2 welding which parameter gives the greatest control of weld appearance during dip transfer or short-circuiting welding? a. Titanium d. Leave residues d. Semi fluid d.6. Chromium c. the slags produced can be varied to suit the welding position. The flux coating c. Wire feed speed d. Constant voltage b. Wire stick-out length b. Viscous c.

Excessive flux melting c. Ductility b. Been quality tested d. There are iron powders in the electrode . Semi killed steel c. Rimming steel d. Stand-off distance 17. Mechanical strength 15. Cellulosic electrodes are often used when welding the root pass of pipes in the field because: a. Fully killed steel b. Toughness c. IQI indicator c. Fatigue strength d. Iron powders b. Welds made with high heat inputs show a reduction in which of the following properties? a. KVA available d. Fine grained steel 19. Prevent oxidation of the root bead d. Prevent formation of porosity in the weld b. In X-ray work the quality of the radiographic image is assessed by the: a. In the welding of austenitic pipework the bore is usually purged with argon to: a. Prevent burn-through in the root run c. Which one of the following types of steel would give rise to the formation of porosity when autogenously welded with an arc process? a. Hydrogen control is needed b. Calcium fluoride c. Calcium carbonate 14. A steel described as QT will have improved tensile properties because it has: a. Insufficient flux melting b. Spatter 20. Had control of chemical composition b. Slag removal difficulties d. In submerged arc welding the use of excessively high voltage would result in: a. Silicon d. Eliminate the formation of hydrogen 16. Been vacuum melted 18.porosity in the welding of a rimming steel? a. Been heat-treated c. Density of the film b.

Molybdenum d. the electrode and plate material can be purchased with low carbon contents. The reason for this is to prevent: a. Tungsten b. To improve mechanical properties in the weld 25. In the welding of austenitic stainless steels. Shorter arc length can be obtained 21. Sintered and agglomerated d. which one of the following elements helps in this improvement? a. Solid state c. Prevent the formation of sulphides b. Welding procedures may require welds to be deposited at a controlled rate of heat input. The formation of chromium carbides c. Friction welding b. Electron beam welding d. Have high hardness in the HAZ . Higher arc voltage can be obtained d. In friction welding the metal at the interface is in the: a. Autogenous TIG welding 26. Which of the following processes uses the 'keyholing' system of fusion? a. Carbon 24. Have larger grain size c. Cracking in the weld metal d. Cracking in the heat affected zone b. Distortion 22. Prevent hardening in the HAZ c. Have poor profile b. Agitated and fused c.45 would require preheating to: a. High heat inputs would: a.c. Liquid state b. Submerged arc fluxes can be supplied in two forms. Manganese c. Fused and agglomerated 23. In a steel that has improved creep properties at elevated temperatures. Welding a steel plate with a CE of 0. Sintered and agitated b. These are: a. Prevent the formation of carbides d. Diffusion bonding c. Plastic state d. Elastic state 27.

None of the above 3. Narrow weld width d. during and after welding activities b. BS 4872 b. Have low elongation properties 28. After welding activities only d. In submerged arc welding excessive arc voltage may cause: a. Linear misalignment b. BS 4870 d. BS 499 c. In a tensile test a brittle material would be indicated if the fracture surface: a. Incorrect tilt angle c. Excessive root face width b. Before. Excessive bead profile MULTICHOICE PAPER THREE 1. The British code for visual inspection requirements is: a. Breaks at 45° to the load 29. Differing root face widths . Both A and C 4. Macro test 30. Nick break b. Change in weld metal composition c. Incomplete root fusion would certainly be caused by: a.d. Breaks in the parent material d. Shows a reduction in size b. What destructive test would be required to ascertain the likelihood of cracking in the heat affected zone of a weld? a. A code of practice for visual inspection should include the following: a. Excessive root gap size c. Side bend test c. Incomplete root penetration in a butt joint could be caused by: a. Low current setting d. Is flat and featureless c. None of the above 2. Charpy impact test d. Excessive penetration b. Before welding activities only c.

Submerged arc welding d. Excessive travel speed d. Overlap type defects d. Give confidence to a product d. When visually inspecting a completed single vee butt weld cap. you would certainly assess: a. A welding procedure is useful to: a. Weld width d. All the above 11. This is most likely caused by: a. Poor consumable choice b. Give information to the inspector c. Excessive volts c. Excessive travel speed d. All the above 8. Fatigue life c. All the above 10. Manual metal arc b. Welding position c. Toe blend c. Undercut is normally assessed by: a. Give information to the welder b. All the above 6. Undercut is principally caused by: a. Change the properties of a weld . All the above 12. Its length c.d. Cap height b. All the above 7. Toe blending is important as it may affect: a. Both A and C 9. Slag inclusions would occur with: a. You notice a very 'veed' ripple shape. Metal inert gas c. It's blending d. Corrosion b. All of the above 5. An essential variable may: a. Its depth b. Excessive amps b.

Because the application says so c.5 ∅ c. 2 to 2.b. MMA electrodes can be grouped into three main types. Poor maintenance of equipment b. Repaired b. This is because of: a. Incomplete fusion defects b. The leg lengths b. cellulosic and rutile c. Basic. Penetrant inspection and magnetic particle inspection are mainly used: a. Both A and C 16. Up to 5 ∅ b. Influence the visual acceptability c. Assessed along with other defects d. cellulosic and neutral d. cellulosic and rutile b. Slag inclusion c. All the above 19. but BS 5289 states that its magnification should be: a. A planar defect is: a. None of the above . A magnifying glass may be used during visual inspection. 5 to 10 ∅ d. When visually inspecting a fillet weld it would normally be sized by: a. Reported to 'a senior person' c. All the above 13. None of the above 14. Require re-approval of a weld procedure d. To confirm visual uncertainties d. MIG welding tends to be susceptible to lack of fusion problems. The design throat thickness d. Poor inter-run cleaning d. To aid visual inspection b. All the above 18. Defects outside the limits specified in a standard should always be: a. Both A and C 15. Incorrect settings c. Basic. All the above 17. Neutral. These are: a. Incomplete penetration d. The actual throat thickness c.

All the above 23. All the above 22. Better profiles b. Root concavity c. Misalignment problems . Root fusion and penetration b. It may reduce the thickness dimension of a component b. Poor welding technique b. Improved toe blending c. Stray arcing may be regarded as a serious defect because: a. Rough and torn b. Poor access b. Overlap in welds could be influenced by: a. Flame cut preparations may. All the above 27. Welding position d. All the above 21. Excessive stresses d. In a fatigue failure the appearance of the fracture surface is characteristic. None of the above 25. Improved ripple shape d. during welding. Welding process c. Hydrogen problems c. All the above 24. All the above 26. Loss of gas shield c. With reference to a root penetration bead you would certainly assess: a. The main cause of porosity in welded joints is: a. Burnthrough d. Solidification problems b. It may cause hard zones d. increase the likelihood of: a. Cracks in welds may be due to: a. 'Chevron'-like c. Smooth d. It would be: a.20. A weave technique may give rise to: a. Cracking b. It may cause loquation cracks c. 'Dirty' materials d.

The cutting of single bevel preparations b. None of the above 4. Arc blow d. Fusion defects (inter-run) c. The cutting of single U type preparations . All the above 28. Movement of the arc in MMA welding by magnetic forces is called: a. The main usage of arc cutting/gouging processes is: a. Macroscopic examination requires any specimen to be inspected: a. A code of practice is: a. before and after etching c. A set of rules for manufacturing a specific product c. Levels of acceptability of a weldment d. Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal d. Arc misalignment c. Arc deviation b. Inclusions d. A standard for workmanship only b. Fusion defects (surface) d. The depth of the cut obtainable d. The temperature required for cut initiation b. A metallurgical problem most associated with submerged arc welding is: a. None of the above 29. after etching b. Slag inclusions b. The removal of deposited welds c.c. Solidification cracking in the weld metal c. Which of the following may be classed as a more serious defect: a. Lamellar tearing in the weld metal 3. Once. Porosity 30. Using a microscope d. Twice. Hydrogen cracking in the HAZ b. Oxy pressure and nozzle size in flame cutting would influence: a. None of the above MULTICHOICE PAPER FOUR 1. The ability to cut stainless steels c. Arc eye 2.

None of the above 11. Fused b. Which of the following processes joins metals plastically? a. A large grain structure in steels is said to produce: a. Cellulosic c. E 6013 b. Low fracture toughness values c. High fracture value values d. 2300°C c. 3200°C b. Oxidising 8. Friction welding b. 98% argon and 2% oxygen 9. Which type of SAW flux is more resistant to moisture absorption? a.G d. Which of the following coatings is associated with stove welding? a. The cutting/gouging of non-ferrous materials only 5. Low ductility values b. A common gas mixture used in MIG welding nickel alloys. 100% CO2 b. Resistance welding c. Agglomerated c. Fleetweld 5 7. Basic d. 100% argon c. All the above 6. Plasma welding d.1-81? a. E 7018 . to combine good levels of penetration with good arc stability would be: a. Rutile b.d. Which electrode classification would be relevant to AWS A5. Basic d. E 5133 c. All the above have the same resistance 10. High tensile strength . 80% argon and 20% CO2 d. The flame temperature of oxy/acetylene mixture gas is given as: a. 5000°C d.

Welder approval testing b. over other NDT methods? a. Entrapped gas in the solidifying weld c. Incompletely filled groove d. A face bend test d. Ultrasonic testing is more advantageous in detecting which of the following weld imperfections. Carbon manganese steels b.12. EN 288 standard would refer to which of the following: a. Restricted access within the repair area c. The likelihood of brittle fracture in steels will increase with: a. A root bend test b. Welding equipment c. Repair welding is often more difficult than production welding due to: a. Entrapped slag in the solidifying weld b. Welding procedure approval d. Porosity is caused by: a. A reduction of in-service temperature to sub zero temperatures c. A side bend test c. In a bend test the face of the specimen is in tension and the root is in compression. None of the above 18. Micro alloyed steels (HSLA) d. Low carbon steels 15. The material being ingrained with in-service contaminants b. None of the above 17. Overlap . All the above 13. Stainless steels c. What type of test is being carried out? a. Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal is likely when welding: a. Ferritic rather than austenitic steels d. Consumables for welding 16. Surface undercut c. Entrapped metallic inclusions in the solidifying weld d. The possible position of the weld repair d. Lack of sidewall fusion b. A large grain formation b. All the above 14.

Iron powder 24. Solidification cracking b. Stress corrosion cracking 21. Hydrogen cracking c. Rutile d. AC with a suppressor b. AC without a suppressor c. Tempering is often carried out to regain toughness after which of the following processes? a. Arc current c. They are more expensive 22. Annealing b. Arc voltage d. The presence of iron sulphide in the weld metal is most likely to produce which of the following upon contraction of the weld? a. DC with reverse polarity d. Inherent rectification of the electrical output is produced in the arc when TIG welding using: a. Mains supply voltage b. When MMA welding low carbon steel which electrode will give the greatest deposition rate? a. Hardening d. Their electrical conductivity is less than that of steel d.19. Light waves c. Intergranular corrosion d. Hydrogen controlled b. Transverse waves . Acoustic waves b. DC with straight polarity 25. Austenitic stainless steel electrodes are generally smaller in length than mild steel electrodes because: a. Shelf life will be decreased c. Open circuit voltage 23. The voltage necessary to maintain an arc during metal arc welding is termed: a. Electromagnetic waves d. Stress relieving 20. Normalising c. High amperage is used b. Cellulosic c. Gamma rays and X-rays are part of a family of waves called: a.

Dependant upon the contractor's confidence in his procedures d. All the above 28. Lamellar tearing. Density c. A measure of the accuracy of a radiograph as an NDT tool is given by its: a. A surface breaking crack will be detected during a magnetic particle inspection if it is: a. The enhancement of arc voltage d. Hydrogen cracking. Hot shortness is a term used to indicate: a. Solidification cracking. Penetrant inspection. At 25° to the lines of flux d. Sensitivity d. It can be used to locate flaws b. The advantage of ultrasonic non-destructive testing for the examination of weldments is: a. Intensity b. d. It can be used to size flaws c. Hydrogen controlled electrodes were developed principally for: a. MPI. The prevention of cracking c. Radiography. Their ease of arc starting MULTICHOICE PAPER FIVE 1. Dependant on site and weather conditions c. b. Ultrasonics.26. Generally the most suitable method of detecting lack of sidewall fusion would be: a. Only required when MMA welding is used 30. b. It has a high sensitivity to planar flaws d. At right angles to the lines of flux b. c. 2. The prevention of porosity b. Parallel to the lines of flux c. All the above 29. Under normal contract conditions weld procedure approval tests for pipework are: a. c. None of the above. Exposure 27. . Mandatory b. d.

The important point of high temperature steels is that: a. All the above. c. b. Excess weld metal. Weld on 'arrow' side. Cobalt as an isotope would generally be used on: a. Strain. 8. A welding inspector's main attributes include: a. Technically. c. b. c. c. Full penetration required. d. Possible changes in the mechanical properties. 7. 5. . b. Weld on 'other' side. Stress. c. All the above. b. Literacy. d. a code of practice is: a. Weld symbols placed on a dotted line in accordance with ISO requirements means: a. 6. The correct term for 'cap height' is: a. b. Impact values. b. b. Knowledge and experience. All the above. b. d. c. Re-qualification of the weld procedure. In welding procedure terms.3. Weld on site. Tee joints. 4. a change in essential variable means: a. Possible changes in the weld's microstructure. d. Related to welder and weld procedure approval. They may suffer re-heat cracking problems. d. Plate thicknesses greater than 25 mm. Thin material. Honesty and integrity. d. Cap profile height. d. c. They can withstand creep failure. All the above. Reinforcement. All the above. 9. A standard. A 'set of rules' for the manufacture of a product. A tensile test will assess: a. 10. Both b and c. They may suffer loss of toughness. c.

Require baking before use. Both a and c. All the above. Both a and b. Ability to find most defects. Deep penetration characteristic. the shielding gas could be: a. Argon. . When referring to TIG welding. High deposition rates on DC+. c. Argon and hydrogen. 11. All the above. Typical mechanical properties. d. c. 17. Flat (PA) welding only. 15. Argon and helium. d. 14. c. An austenitic stainless steel may suffer: a. None of the above. Weldability aspects. 13. Not be used on low carbon steels. A basic electrode would normally: a. b. d. Ultrasonics would be preferred over radiography due to: a. Have superior mechanical properties. Lower skill requirement. 16. d. Submerged arc utilises: a. b. None of the above. Weld decay. All the above. d. Ability to detect laminations. Argon + 20% carbon dioxide. b. 12. c. c. the shielding gas would be: a. Argon + 1% oxygen. All the above. When referring to MIG welding. c. b.d. d. b. Sensitisation. b. Solidification cracking. Argon and nitrogen. d. Crack sensitivity aspects. b. c. Carbon equivalent values are useful to determine: a.

d. 21. What NDT method would you use to check this? a. b. Undercut. b. Which defect would you expect to get in TIG welds in non-deoxidised steel? a. Linear misalignment. 20. The most serious defect types are: a. Porosity. b. d. Ultrasonic flaw detection. Tungsten inclusions. Which of the following defects is more common to welds deposited by CO2 welding than welds deposited by MMA? a. Lack of fusion. Rutile electrodes. c. 23. Lamellar tearing. d. Basic coated MMA electrodes. Radiography. Which of the following can arise from copper inclusions in a ferritic steel weld? a. . All the above. d. MMA welding of low alloy steels is more likely to be performed with: a. Which of the following is likely to give the highest impact strength in ferritic weld metal? a. HAZ cracks. Basic hydrogen controlled electrodes. c. c. b. b. d. c. 22. d. b. Penetrant inspection. Lack of sidewall fusion. Submerged arc with acid flux. Cellulosic electrodes. Cracks. Porosity. d. Slag inclusions. Magnetic particle inspection. Iron powder electrodes. Weld metal cracks. c.18. Spray transfer CO2 welding. Cellulosic electrodes. c. b. Excess penetration. 19. Tungsten inclusions. 24. c. Planar. You suspect that ferritic steel plates contain cracks in the prepared edges.

Improving dimensional stability after machining. Fuse together to form a bond. Which of the following defects would you not expect to find by visual inspection of welds? a. c. d. Cast iron. What is the maximum hardness usually recommended for the heat-affected zone of a medium strength ferritic steel weld? a. . Linear slag inclusions. Transverse shrinkage. 350 DP Hv. Softening the steel. c. Overlap. Stress relieving is not helpful in which of the following cases? a. 26. d.25. b. b. c. b. Copper. The overall length of a pipeline can be affected by: a. 500 DP Hv. QT steel. Undercut. c. b. c. Cause lamellar tearing. Linear misalignment. Low carbon steel. Circumferential shrinkage. b. b. d. The permanent backing material for MMA welding of low carbon steel should be made from: a. d. 28. 30. 29. 27. 750 DP Hv. d. Angular shrinkage. d. Improving resistance to stress corrosion cracking. What effect does mid thickness laminations in steel plate normally have when they are located within a weld heat affected zone? a. c. Cause internal tearing on a micro scale. 100 DP Hv. Lowering the peak residual stress. Longitudinal shrinkage. Affect the weld metal composition.

c. Low alloy steels having a high carbon equivalent before welding will require: a. The weld dimension used to indicate the minimum strength of a fillet weld is: a. Called ledeburite. The electrodes for welding low alloy steels should be: a. One size larger than for general purpose electrodes. Crystallisation. Addition of more manganese to the steel. d. No pre-heating. d. 2. c. 6. c. Refine grain structure. b. Low pre-heat temperatures. Width of bead. d. 7. Brittle fracture. 3. Weld decay in stainless steels can be avoided by: a. d. Called pearlite. Fatigue. d. c. The most common type of failure associated with sharp fillets. 4. 8. Stress relieving. High pre-heat temperatures. A mixture of ferrite and austenite. Annealing. The purpose of pre-heating low alloy steel pipes before electric arc welding is to: a. b. Slow cooling after welding. Used with a low current value. b. 5. Normalising. b. Throat thickness. notches and undercut is: a. Stress relieving. Leg length. . An electroslag weld requires what heat treatment to improve the grain structure? a. Corrosion. Used for welding in the flat position only. d. b. An eutectoid mixture in steel is: a. Addition of titanium to the steel. Length of weld element. d. c. b. b. c. c. A reduction in carbon content.MULTICHOICE PAPER SIX 1. Heated in a drying oven before use. Quench and tempering. A mixture comprising a substitutinal solid solution.

Avoid porosity in the root. HAZ cracking. Advise them to increase the voltage. Obtain a satisfactory weld surface finish. Advise them to increase the current. Oxidising. Lamellar tearing. . d. d. Changing from a single 'V' prep for thick material. Prove the weldability of the parent material. All the above. 14. b. 10. d. b. Would you: a. Toe cracking. Retard rapid cooling. Which one of the following is not helpful in minimising angular distortion during welding? a. 12. c. You have a macro section of a 'T' butt joint that shows a step-like defect lying outside the visible HAZ. Obtain full fusion. Ask for a new welding team. What would this defect possibly signify? a. Test the welder's skill. Weld metal cracks. d. 15. Applying post weld heat soak. c. Argon purging on the root side is necessary in the TIG welding of stainless steel to: a. Use of double 'V' weld prep using balanced welding technique. b. Pre-setting of work piece. d. d. c. Test the correctness of the welding procedure. Rutile. welders are having difficulty in obtaining good capping profiles when welding in the overhead position. HAZ cracks. 11. Which of the following can arise from copper inclusions in a mild steel weld? a. Cellulosic. b. Regulate excessive expansion. Which electrode deposits weld metal with the greatest ductility and resistance to cracking? a. 9. Welder qualification tests are designed to: a. Basic. Lack of fusion. Suggest the use of a smaller diameter electrode. b. In positional MMA welding on pipework. b. c. 13. d.b. c. c. Relieve internal stress. Lamination. b. c. c. Obtain full penetration.

Tensile stress. Compressive stress. 18. c. When a longitudinal load is put on a lap joint. 19. d. Malleable. c. Stress relief is not helpful in which of the following cases? a. Plastic. b. Malleability. Ductility. b. Diffusion. Reduce corrosion resistance. Shear stress. d. The rate of cooling is too fast. Impurities are present at its grain boundaries. b. c. The rate of cooling is too slow. Stray arc strikes are undesirable since they: a. 21. c. When depositing weld metal. Percentage elongation of a metal undergoing a tensile test is a measure of: a. d. . Ductile. In improving resistance to stress corrosion. b. c. Cause local hardening and cracking in the parent material. b. d. when added to steel as an alloying element. 16. In softening the metal. c. 22. 20.d. d. Chromium. In lowering the peak residual stresses. fusion will take place at the sides of the joint resulting in an admixture between weld metal and parent metal. Cold cracking is most likely to occur in a weldment if: a. Absorption. b. Cause weld metal cracking. has the effect of making the alloy more: a. d. d. the stress set up is normally: a. Dilution. Elasticity. This alloying effect is known as: a. 17. Porosity. b. Plasticity. Leave a poor surface finish. Migration. Residual stress. In improving dimensional stability after machining. It lacks ductility at high temperatures. c. Hardenable.

d. c. Malleability is increased. Martensite. c. 28. d. 27. b.23. 25. it is mostly due to the presence of: a. b. 26. Yield failure. c. b. Dendritic. Phosphorous. c. d. Austenite. care must be taken when making the butt welds to ensure penetration is not excessive because it: a. a condition of cyclic stressing can be set up. d. which eventually can result in structural breakdown known as: a. b. . Equi-axed. b. When a steel suffers hot shortness. Columnar growth takes place when a metal is: a. 29. Pearlite. Being heated. Tensile failure. c. Ductility is increased. Sulphur. Manganese. The type of crystal normally found in a single run arc weld in the as welded condition is: a. b. When a steel is heated to above its upper critical temperature. Being rolled. Silicon. d. May increase the rate of corrosion. Reduces the flow rate of the liquid. Fatigue failure. Shear failure. d. Losing heat. The tensile strength is increased. What happens to the mechanical properties of steel if the carbon content is increased to 0. Polycrystalline. Cold. Can contaminate the liquid. Sorbite. b. Columnar. the structure produced is: a. When a metal is subjected to a fluctuating load. The material becomes softer. If a low carbon steel pipe has to carry a liquid. c. d. May cause excessive pipe wear. 24.5%? a. c.

b. c. Large crystal grains. c. 5. What would be observed if a fillet weld were sectioned and macro-etched? a. b. Soundness and fracture appearance. Penetration. The different grain structure between the weld deposit and the base metal can be determined by: a. 4. Too high a current setting. Elongation and fracture appearance. d. b. Construction unions. Elongated crystal grains. Pipe welding codes are set up by: a. 3. The grain structure remains the same in all passes. The penetration and fusion into the root is very deep. Tensile strength and fracture appearance. Hardness. manufacturers and the military. Each bead appears to be distinctly separated from the adjoining beads. The purpose of a nick break specimen is to provide a test for: a. Ductility and fracture appearance. c. insurance companies. b. c. An etching test. Too high a travel speed. c. 6. Associations. Too long a pause in the down cycle of the weave. c. 2. societies. Small crystal grains. d. d. What is the most common cause of failure in root bend tests? a. b. Lack of fusion and penetration. d. Distorted crystal grains. A root bend test is used to test the amount of weld: a. d. Welding operators. Elongation. The grain of the other beads is coarser than the final bead. d. MULTICHOICE PAPER SEVEN 1. Ductility. c. State governments. A hardness test. A face bend test. . The first sub-zone in the heat affected zone of the parent metal nearest the weld deposit will consist of: a.30. b. b. d. A root bend test.

25 %. Carbon equivalent of 0. c. b.43%. You could determine that an electrode is cellulosic by its: a. 10. . Reducing hydrogen content of weld preparation prior to welding. BS 499 coding. 11. Oxidising. Carbon equivalent of 0. would contain: a. American Welding Society. BS 639 coding. Which type of electrode coating gives the most voluminous gas shield? a. b. Carbon equivalent of 0. American Petroleum Institute. d. b. Intermediate run. Hot pass. d. Which organisation publishes the most commonly used code for boiler and pressure vessel welding? a.35%. 13. c. Slow down the cooling rate after welding. Porosity. Aiding fusion. b. d. 14. Filling run. Basic. d. No hydrogen. A low hydrogen electrode. Less than 15 ml of hydrogen per 100 grams of deposited weld metal. Sealing run. c. c. 8. Ensure a fine grain size. b. d. American Society of Mechanical Engineers.7. c. 9. according to BS 639. American National Standards Institute. d. c. Cellulosic.38%. Colour. b. Trade name. Rutile. b. d. b. 12. Which of the following steels is likely to be more susceptible to hydrogen cracking? a. Between 15 ml and 25 ml of hydrogen per 100 grams of deposited weld metal. Less than 25 ml of hydrogen per 100 grams of deposited weld metal. Carbon equivalent of less than 0. c. Submerged arc welds made with re-cycled flux are liable to: a. The second run in a three run butt weld using the stovepipe technique is known as the: a. Preheating and interpass heating are used primarily for: a. Course grain size.

Low hydrogen. The main reason why all adhering scale should be removed when the pipe end preparation is made by oxy-gas cutting is? a. c. d. which of the following width to depth ratios would be likely to result in solidification cracking? a. Incomplete penetration in a single 'V' butt joint could be caused by: a. The speed of welding is increased. A large incidence of porosity has been reported in recent welding. Pipe bore alignment is made easier. D. Undercut. b. 21. Too small a root face. d. Too large a root gap. d. d. which electrode covering will give the greatest degree of penetration? a. Too small a root gap. c. Electrode storage. d. 1 : 3. Oxidisation of the weld metal is minimised. 1 : 1. Cellulosic. Iron powder. b. generator. Would you investigate? a. Constant potential rectifier. You are responsible for controlling welding on site. transformer. d. Reduction of the weld deposit is prevented. c. 20. b. b. which one of the following should be used? a. b. When tungsten arc gas shielded welding stainless steel. Nitrogen. b. When manual metal arc welding low carbon steel. Which gas shroud should be used when tungsten arc gas shielded welding aluminium alloys? a.c. c. C. Too high a heat input. C. A. Power source. 18. 15. c. 19. 16. 3 : 1. In submerged arc welding. 17. 2 : 1. The electrode type. d. Incomplete penetration. . Day temperature. Rutile. c. Alternator.

b. c. 27. Porosity. . d. c. Root bend. b. c. 22. Excessive penetration. Lack of inter-run penetration. d. Fracture tests. Weld decay. 25. Fatigue cracking. Charpy impact. Bend tests. Which physical test is more likely to reveal HAZ embrittlement? a. MMA welds made with damaged electrode coatings are subject to: a. The included bevel angle will have to be reduced. b. Carbon dioxide. Argon. Excess reinforcement profile will be difficult to obtain. The gap setting will have to be changed. c. macro etching may reveal: a. Undercut. Lack of root penetration. d. Crystallisation. c.b. If pipe bores are not matched correctly it can result in: a. c. b. Excessive root faces. Argon/carbon dioxide mixture. The most common type of defect found in a structure when it is undergoing service is: a. In the examination of a welded aluminium joint. Root fusion may be difficult to obtain. Weld decay. Too large a diameter of filler rod should not be used to make a welded joint because: a. Stress fracture. Micro cracks. Impact tests. 24. d. d. b. 28. d. Macro examination. All weld tensile. b. d. d. c. Which of the following destructive tests is not normally required for welder approval? a. Incorrect gap setting. Overheating during welding. c. 26. Excessive bead height. 23. b. Carbon pick-up. Transverse tensile.

5. Aid better penetration at the join-up. 12. The property of a metal to return to its original shape is called Elasticity. Increase in carbon content causes an Increase in strength and hardness. Low carbon steel contains less than 0. To ensure a full strength joint. Sulphur and phosphorus are not alloying elements. Low ductility in a weld metal could result in Cracking. PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS 1. A correctly made tack weld should slope from the middle to the ends in order to: a. Prevent porosity at the join-up. Open square preparation. An Izod impact machine is used to give indication of the Toughness of a material. they are Impurities. Lack of ductility is called Brittleness. c. Alloying allows designers to use Smaller/Thinner sections and still have the same strength. which of the following preps is most suitable? a.29. c. d. The ability of a material to be stretched out without breaking is called Ductility. b. 8. Open single bevel.2% carbon. 13. An alloy that contains a high percentage of chromium and nickel would have resistance to Corrosion. The ability to withstand indentation is called Hardness. Alloying is used to Increase mechanical and physical properties of a steel. Reduce the electrode size required. 10. 4. 14. Closed square preparation. are to be butt welded using the TIG process. d. Reduce the overall consumable consumption. 2. b. 7. 9. 11. When carbon percentage increases. there is a decrease in Ductility. 6. Open single Vee. 3. . 150mm diameter and 6mm wall thickness. 30. The ability of a material to withstand a load pulling it apart is called its Tensile Strength. Two low carbon steel pipes.

Small percentages of chromium will increase the strength and Hardness. . The hard constituent that results when steel is quenched is called Martensite. while a small percentage of nickel will increase Toughness. After quenching. 17. 16. 20.15. Quenching a carbon or low alloy steel will result in an Increase in hardness and a Decreasein ductility. The amount of martensite formed depends on the speed of Cooling and the percentage of Carbon. This is called Tempering. the structure may be improved by reheating to 200-300°C. 18. 19. The tough laminated structure that is formed on slow cooling of ferrite and iron carbide (cementite) is called Pearlite.

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