Telepathy

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Telepathy

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ItsTheory,FactsandProof

Telepathy
1910

William Walker Atkinson
1862–1932

信 YOGeBooks:Springfield,MO
2010:04:12:11:46:43

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Telepathy iv .

Contents • ChapterI ……………………………………… WhatisTelepathy • ChapterII …………………………… TheNatureoftheProblem • ChapterIII……………………………… ExperimentalTelepathy • ChapterIV……………………………… TheEnglishExperiments • ChapterV…………………………… MoreEnglishExperiments • ChapterVI……………………………… TheWeltmerExperiment • ChapterVII ……………… ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment • ChapterVIII ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment(Continued) • ChapterIX……………………………………………… TheTheories v .

Telepathy vi .

 Telepathy 1 .

Telepathy 2 .

Atthepresent time.”which.tele. It was derived from the two Greek words.”Thepresentwriterhassoughtto introduce the term “Telementatian” which.”andpathosmeaning“feeling.means“perception bythesensesatadistance.anditsusewasconfinedtothesmallcircle of investigators who were pursuing experiments in thought‑ transference.But.inspiteoftheobjections. is found in the current editions of the dictionaries and heard frequently on the streets.meaning“afar. A few yearsagoitwasnottobefoundinanyofthestandard dictionaries. and “Telepathy” is generally used to designate thephenomenaofthought‑transference.freelytranslated.orasthedictionaries 3 T What is Telepathy . freely translated.Chapter I he term “telepathy” is of quite recent origin. and who regarded the Society for Psychical ResearchofEnglandastheircentreofinfluence. means“mentalactionatadistance”andthesaidtermhasmet with considerable favor among scientific investigators of the subject. for thought‑transference is not the same as “feeling”‑transference. however.”The term itself has been severely criticized as conveying a wrong impression. the word has passed into popular usage.thepublicclingstothe original term. Some authorities have preferred the term“Telæsthesia.

Itsbeginningislostinthehazeofthehistory of the primitive peoples of the race.Inotherwords. has the belief in thought‑transference prevailed from time immemorial.andcomingdowntothetimeofrecenthistory.althoughitmayseemtotheordinaryreadertobea recentdiscovery. Passing over the legendary tales.andwehaveevery reasontobelievethattheoldalchemistswerefullyacquainted withthephenomena.Andtheoccultlegendsofotherancient peoples give evidence that the belief in the effect of mind uponmindatadistancewasquitecommon.sofarasthesubjectofmodernTelepathyisconcerned wemayaswellassumethatTelepathyhaditsbirthintomodern scientificthoughtatthetimeoftheformationoftheEnglish 4 .wesee manyinstancesoftheacceptanceofthisideabythepeopleof thatoldlandofthestrangeandmysterious. But.Itisrecordedby thosewhopassedthroughthisgreatuprisingthattheHindus were noticedtobeagitatedinastrangewayaboutthetime oftheactualoccurrencesinfardistantpartsoftheland.Telepathy stateit:“Theactionofonemindonanotheratadistanceand withoutcommunicationbymeansofthesenses. while the Englishwerecompelledtorelyuponcouriers.” Thought‑transference is not a new thing in the thought of theworld.while theEnglishwerecompelledtowaitfordaysuntiltheircouriers broughtthemthenewsintheregularway. especially. In India. The ancient writings of Indiagiveusmanyinstancesoftheeffectofonemindupon anotheratadistance.and seemedtobefullyinformedregardingtheseoccurrences.the natives maintained a mental‑telegraphic system.TheEnglishwho livedthroughthegreatuprisinginIndiainthelastcenturyhave passedontousmanytalesofthestrangepowerofthenative HinduswhichenabledthemtoflashfromonepartofIndiato anotherthenewsofgreatbattlesanduprisings.thedaysofthe electrictelegraphnothavingasyetarrived.Inmanyofthe oldoccultwritingswefindtracesofthisalmostuniversalbelief inthought‑transmissionandthought‑force.

itsfirstdecadewasalmostentirelydevoted to the investigation of telepathy. thought‑transference.andthesereports.apartfromanygenerallyrecognized mode of perception.” While the latter years of the Society’s existence has been devoted principally to an investigation of the phenomena of clairvoyance. trance‑ mediumship. The celebrated Sidgwick experiments.Whilethedecisionwasbeingrecordedonthe minutes. or probable. and similarphenomena. spirit‑return.etc. conducted under theauspicesoftheSocietyforPsychicalResearchin1889and 1890.Inthis connectiononeisremindedofthelearnedbodyofscientists who sitting in conference solemnly decided that it was scientifically impossible for a vessel to cros the ocean by the powerofsteam.Oneofthestatedobjects of the said Society was “to conduct an examination into the nature and extent of any influence which may be exerted by oneminduponanother. who in these days can positivelyassertthatanythingisscientificallyimpossible..thewordwasreceivedthatasteamshiphadactually 5 . It is either a very bold man.havegiventheworldarecordofpsychicphenomena ofthegreatestvaluetoscience.Andtheresulthasbeenthatmany careful scientists have freely acknowledged that “there may besomethingtoit.excitedgreatinterestinscientificcircles.WhatisTelepathy SocietyforPsychicalResearchin1882.”somegoingsofarastoopenlyadvocate Telepathy as an established scientific fact. although there are manyscientistswhostilladheretotheopinionthatTelepathy remains to be proven scientifically.whichcompriseseveral volumes. but also actually existent. or else a foolish one. while some of the ultra‑ conservativesgosofarastoinsistthatTelepathyisscientifically impossible.TheearlyexperimentsoftheSocietyhave beenfullyreported.thislatteropinionbeingcalculatedtocauseasmile to one who remembers how many “scientifically impossible” thingshaveafterwardbeenproventobenotonlyscientifically possible.andplacedthe subject of Telepathy upon a basis which science could not affordtorefusetoperceive.

 and who in his old age. Whenevertheconnectingsequenceofintermediatecausesbeginsto berevealed. Such a sequence can only occur 6 .” Yesterday’s“impossibilities”areoftentomorrow’s“provenfacts.said: “Were I now introducing for the first time these inquiries to the world of science.whereweformerlybegan.inanaddressdeliveredseveralyearsago atBristol. the suggestor.andleft theroom.Althoughtheinquiryhaselicitedimportantfacts withreferencetothemind.beforetheRoyalSociety(ofwhichhewas president).angrilyshakinghisheadandsaying. the recipient of the suggestion. SirWilliamCrookes. Between thesetwophysicaleventstheremustexistatrainofphysicalcauses.asIbelieveittobe.ithasnotyetreachedthescientificstage ofcertaintywhichwouldenableittobeusefullybroughtbeforeone of the sections. If Telepathy take place.Itwouldbewelltobeginwith Telepathy. and the analogous physical change in the brain of B. and was that moment enteringtheharbor.theinquirywillthencomewithintherangeofoneofthe sections of the British Association. we have two physical facts—the physical change in the brain of A. when askedtowitnesstheactualdemonstrationofthedisputedfact.Telepathy made the voyage across the ocean. I will therefore confine myself to pointing out the direction in which scientific investigation can legitimately advance.Onealsorecallsthestoryoftheeminent English scientist who had for a lifetime positively disputed the possibility of certain facts.England.“Itisimpossible.withthefundamentallaw.thatthoughts andimagesmaybetransferredfromonemindtoanotherwithoutthe agencyoftherecognizedorgansofsense—thatknowledgemayenter thehumanmindwithoutbeingcommunicatedinanyhithertoknown orrecognizedways.thefollowingopinions of certain well‑known scientists may prove of interest to the reader as indicating the change in the mental attitude of sciencetowardthephenomenaofTelepathy. refusedtolookintothemicroscopeforthepurpose. I should choose a starting point different from thatofold.” Inviewofwhathasbeensaidabove.

 being similar.andherewehavephysical vibrations capable from their extreme minuteness of acting direct uponindividualmolecules.Roentgen has familiarized us with an order of extreme minuteness compared withthesmallestwaveswithwhichwehavehithertobeenacquainted.therefore.butareseparatedbyanarrowgapwhichwidens insleepwhileitnarrowsalmosttoextinctionduringmentalactivity.whiletheirrapidityapproachesthatofthe internalmovementsoftheatomsthemselves.” Prof. It 7 .AllthephenomenaoftheUniverse arepresumablyinsomewaycontinuous.Itisknownthattheactionofthoughtisaccompaniedby certainmolecularmovementsinthebrain.ourprecedingobservationsbytheconclusion thatonemindcanactatadistanceuponanother. it is conceivable that there may be present masses of such nerve coherers in the brain. or any other visible means of communication.” Thesameeminentauthorityalsosays: “Itissupposedbysomephysiologiststhattheessentialcellsofnerves donotactuallytouch.withoutthehabitual medium of words. and there is no reason for believing that we have reached the limits of frequency.WhatisTelepathy throughaninterveningmedium. whose special function it may be to receive impulses brought from without through the connecting sequenceofetherwavesofappropriateorderofmagnitude. says: “Wesumup.thewell‑knownFrenchastronomer.Thestructureofthebrainandnerves.CamilleFlammarion.anditisunscientifictocall in the aid of mysterious agencies when with every fresh advance in knowledgeitisshownthatethervibrationshavepowersandattributes abundantlyequaltoanydemand—eventhetransmissionofthought. ThisconditionissosingularlylikethatofaBranlyorLodgecoherer(a devicewhichhasledMarconitothediscoveryofwirelesstelegraphy) astosuggestafurtheranalogy. and of dimensions comparable with the distances between the centers of the atoms of which the material universe is built up.

 if it is strong and immovable.ofNapoleon.fromadistance.isascientific fact.Telepathy appearstousaltogetherunreasonabletorejectthisconclusionifwe accept the facts.notbymeans ofsound. in admitting that an idea can influence the brain from a distance.onehappens.Yousendanelectriccurrentthrough athickwire.andwheredoesthesecond begin?Inanidenticalmediumthereisonlytransmission. Propagated motion becomestransformedaccordingtothemediumittraverses.firstvisiblyaslight.whichisidenticalwiththeplateattheother end.then. wherethereceptiveplate.butyoudonotperceiveanyother force. The transformation of a psychic action into an ethereal movement.Adynamicfocustendsever to propagate the motion that is proper to it. nervic.maybeanalogoustowhattakesplaceonatelephone.Thislight actsineverydirectionaroundabout.andbecomesperceptibletobrainsinharmonywithourown.butbyelectricity. andthereverse.therewillbeatransformationofthe currentintoheat.Motion tendsalwaystopropagateitself.itisascertainastheexistenceofParis.thefinewirewillgrowhot.A partofthecurrentthenistransformedintoheat and light.Therecanbenodoubtthatourpsychicalforcecreatesa movementoftheether. it will in 8 .Thecarbonwillemitlight.Youhavethecurrent.thebeamof light will cause it to deviate.Butcutthatthickwireandconnecttheendsbymeansofafine wire.Thereforewhenweseeworkofany kind—mechanical. The actionofonehumanbeinguponanother.Holdamagnetnearit.whichtransmitsitselfafarlikeallmovements ofether.Ochorowiczsays: “Everylivingbeingisadynamicfocus.ofOxygen.or ofSirius….Ifthemagnet isweakandmovable.oftwothings. electrical. or psychic—disappear without visibleeffect.” Prof. There is nothing unscientific.Inadifferent mediumthereistransformation.intheformofamagneticneedle.reconstructsthesonorousmovementtransmitted.eitheratransmissionor atransformation.Wheredoesthefirstend.oraverythincarbonrod. nothing romantic.theninvisibly asheatandaselectriccurrent.Takeaprettystrongcurrentandinterposeawirestill moreresistant.

calledinthecaseofthebattery.the universe is neither dead nor void. only to see the individual in person shortly 9 .Itispropagatedasfaras otherlikevibrationsallow. though without sufferingperceptiblythereby.Thisisthecaseparticularlywithforces thatarepersistent.theyarebutimperceptiblytransformed.physicalandpsychical. in the end. a vibration that is propagated.’Thereissomethingmorethanthat.itis thecasewiththephysiologicalequilibrium.psychicforce.Nevertheless.Andallthisfromadistance.Ihavechosen theterm‘dynamiccorrelate. believes in Telepathy not somuchbecausethisscientistorthatonethinksitreasonable.andinthecaseofthebrain—Iknownotwhat. But it cannot go beyondwithoutbeingtransformed.nervicforce.butwhatever itsnamemaybe.itisthedynamiccorrelateofthought.asthechemicalactionofabatteryremainsinabattery. A process that is at oncechemical.itis representedbyitsdynamiccorrelate. But the average person.anideaisonly a vibration. ideas. without contact.wellsecondedbytheirmedium.itusuallylimits itself to modifying another force at its own cost. A force that is transmitted meets otherforces.Thoughtstays athome.tendencies.goesoninabrain.andifitistransformedonlylittlebylittle.” Itisquitegratifyingtofindsucheminentscientificauthority expressingitsconvictionoftherealityofthought‑transference.aswavesare propagatedinwater.emotions.Thesemodifyenvironingforceswithout themselvesdisappearing.Regardedonitsphysiologicalside. acurrent. butbecauseheorshehashadsomepersonalexperienceorbit ofindividualproof.concentrated.Whoofushasnothadtheexperienceof thinkingofsomeonewhomwehavenotseenorheardoffor months or years.and ifthenextmanisofanatureexceptionallywelladaptedtothem.Itispropagatedmorewidelyifitassumes the character which subjectively we call emotive.likeforceingeneral.Acomplex actionofthiskindispropagatedthroughthegraymatter. yet which does not pass outofamediuminwhichitcanexistassuch. itcannotremaininisolation—itescapesindisguise….WhatisTelepathy turncausethebeamoflighttodeviate. without special conductors.they gainininductiveaction.

”We trustthatwewillbeabletomakethesubjectsomewhatclearer inthislittlevolume.destroying it instead of mailing it.Severalyearsago. Moreover many persons have experimented with “the willinggame”andsimilarparlorfeatsalongthelinesof“mind‑ reading.andyou heartherustleoftheirwings”voicesthecommonexperience oftheraceinthisrespect. we will find thathewilluttertheverywordsthatwehadinmind.Hesaidthathewasinthehabitofwritinga lettertoaperson.afterdulyaddressingit.MarkTwainwrote amagazinearticleinwhichhestatedanexperiencecommon tomanyothers.afterall.untilto‑day wefindthatthemajorityofpersonsarepreparedtoadmitthat “theremustbesomefirewherethereissomuchsmoke. addressed and destroyed.”andhavefoundthatthere“issomethinginit.Telepathy afterward? Often in speaking to another person.Howoftenhasthe personofwhomwehavebeenspeakingwalkedunexpectedly intoourpresence.Itisnot uncommonfortwopersonstostartinatthesamemomentto saypreciselythesamethingtoeachother.“Speakoftheangels. 10 .” TheriseintopopularityoftheteachingsoftheNewThoughtor MentalSciencehasfamiliarizedmanypersonswiththeideaof thought‑transferenceinsomeofitsvariedforms. written by the person addressed about the same time that the original letter was written. He added that he had noticed that very frequently he would receive an answer to the unmailed letter.Theoldsaying.andthen. andthattheseanswersfrequentlycoveredtheidenticalpoints mentionedintheoriginalletter.

 scientifically.Butthematterisnotsosimpleas this—itcannotbelightlydismissedorplacedinanyordinary category. you will begin to appreciate the full natureoftheproblemconfrontingthosewho. It is. peculiar.particularlyinthe phaseofwirelesstelegraphy. himself an earnest investigator of Telepathy.wouldseektoaccountforthesameby scientificprinciples. TheRightHonorableA. unique.andwhoaccepttheproofsofferedby its advocates. While we shall not attempt to put forward anyspecialhypothesisatthispoint.WefrequentlyhearTelepathy comparedtothemanifestationofelectricity.Chapter II M The Nature of the Problem anypersonswhoareinterestedinthephenomena ofTelepathy.J.saidinrelation toTelepathy: 11 .weinviteyoutoconsider the following statement from the lips of an eminent English statesman.whilehewasthe PresidentoftheSocietyforPsychicalResearch.whileadmitting theproofsofTelepathy.Balfour(afterwardPrimeMinister ofEngland)inanaddressdeliveredin1894. sui generis—in a class by itself. seem to regard these phenomena as quite ordinary and as fully in accord with the more familiar manifestationsofNature’sforces. After reading his statement.

verycommon.Ihaveconstantlymetpeoplewhowilltell you.thatby anexerciseoftheirwilltheycanmakeanybodyatalittledistanceturn round and look at them.Nevertheless.Thereis. which.Telepathy “Now I will give you a case of what I mean by a scientifically extraordinary event. may appear almost commonplaceandfamiliar.quiteapartfromthetestimony.JohnMillthattherewasnogroundforregardingwithanyspecial wonderthephenomenonofactionatadistance.consider:IneverycaseofTelepathyyouhaveanexampleofrealor apparentactionatadistance.scientificmendonotrest contentwiththatview.orifanythinglikeitbetrue.ofcourse.avastmassof evidenceinfavorofwhatwenowcallTelepathy.however.Idonotdogmatize uponthepoint.Gravitationissuchanexample.howeverstartling.Irecollectitusedtobemaintainedbythelate Mr.Examplesofrealorapparentactionata distanceare. if I may usethephrase.somethingwhichhardlydeservesscientificnoticeor requiresscientificexplanation. as you will at once perceive. and to many observers.andtoTelepathythe observationsIhavebeenmakingdoinmyopinionmoststrictlyapply.Howprofoundlymistakenthen are they who think that this exercise of will‑power. We are not aware at the present time of any mechanism. For. as they call it.whichcantransmitgravitationalinfluencefromone gravitatingbodytoanother.butIdosayemphaticallythatIdonotthinkyouwill findafirst‑classphysicistwhoispreparedtoadmitthatgravityisnot 12 .ifit betrue.Inrealityitisaprofoundmystery. whicheasilyfindsitsappropriatenicheinthestructureofthephysical sciencesoughttoexcitehalfasmuchintellectualcuriosityasthisdull andatfirstsightcommonplacephenomenon. is themostnaturalthingintheworld. Now such a fact (if fact it be) is far more scientifically extraordinary than would be the destruction of this globebysomecelestialcatastrophe. may be one which at first sight. “NowdonotsupposethatIwantyoutobelievethateverygentlemanor ladywhochoosestosupposehimselforherselfexceptionallyendowed withthisso‑calledwill‑powerisotherthanthedupeofanill‑regulated fancy. with no apparent consciousness that they are saying anything moreoutofthewaythananobservationabouttheweather.somethingthateverybodywould haveexpected.andnoevent.

or.thatweare quite ignorant of the means by which in either case distant bodies influence one another. and its effects must diminish inversely as thesquareofthedistance.ofanyindividual.though he has not even got the first clue to the real nature of the links by whichtheattractingbodiesmutuallyactupononeanother.asarule.But isthisso?Isitevencrediblethatthemerethoughts. it would be a great mistake to suppose that the two modes of operation are equally mysterious.TheNatureoftheProblem a phenomenon which still wants an explanation.onlyuponone ortwoindividualsatmost. we should expect it to obey the law—of all other forces which so act through a non‑absorbing medium.andinany casethereisnoevidencewhateverthatthisactualdiffusionevertakes place.whatarewetoputinitsplace?Areweto 13 .Thereisnoappearanceofgeneraldiffusion.toacceptactionatadistanceasanultimatefact.incredible.betweenthemanwhoinfluencesandthemanwhois influenced.in caseswherethewillisnotused.Isthistelepathic action an ordinary case of action from a center of disturbance? Is it equallydiffusedinalldirections?Isitlikethelightofacandle.getbeatenoutthinner andthinnerthefurtheritgetsremovedfromitsoriginalsource.andradiatingfromitalikeineverydirection. it must obey the law—at least. which is the first which ordinary analogieswouldsuggest.or thethoughts.butthewholecharacterofthephenomenarefusestofit inwithanyofouracceptedideasastothemodeinwhichforcemay beexercisedfromoneportionofspacetoanother. Thereisnoindicationofanydisturbanceequaltoequaldistancesfrom itsorigin. couldhaveinthemtheenergytoproducesensibleeffectsequallyin alldirections.wheneverthewillisused.orthe lightofthesun. In the case of Telepathy there is not merely the difficulty of conjecturing the nature of the mechanism which operates between the agent and thepercipient. appeartohaveanynecessarylimit?Itis. “Butthoughgravitationandtelepathyarealikeinthis.ifyouplease.whichradiatesequallyintospaceineverydirection at the same time? If it is.Ithink.asfarasourinvestigationsgo.fordistanceswhichdonot.Thewillpower.sotospeak.Itmust. theneuralchangescorrespondingtothesethoughts. in otherwords.haveaneffect. He is not ready. “But if we are to reject this idea.

 at all events it will be 14 .Wecannoteven formtoourselvesanynotionofitscharacter.ifwearetotake whatappearstobetheobviouslessonoftheobservedfacts.Forto supposethatthetelepathicagentshootsouthisinfluencetowarda particularobject. which appears to be the only other alternative.thebeststartingpoint fromwhichtoreconsider. then.Thereisnosignofit.orwateroutof a hose.shoulditbenecessary.weare forcedtotheconclusionthatinsomeshapeorotheritexists.Butdullastheseexperimentsmayseem.andyet.andinconsequence itmakesthoseinvestigations.betweenthe placefromwhichtheenergycomesandtheplacetowardwhichthe energygoes.theirdullnessisreallyoneoftheirgreatadvantages. “Here.ourgeneralview.thatwedoknowplentyofcaseswhere energyisdirectedalongagivenline.asapparentlywemust.Itistrue.fromtheman who influences to the man who is influenced? If we are to believe this. Anyone who has endeavored to wade through themassofevidencecollectedbyourSocietyonthesubjectwillbe preparedtoadmitthatitisnotexcitingorinterestinginitself. we are face to face with what I call a scientifically extraordinary phenomenon.It effectuallyexcludessomeperturbinginfluencesthatmightotherwise affectthecoolanalysisoftheexperimentaldata.orlikeelectrical energyalongthecourseofawire. but with a kind of fact which does not fit in withanythingweknowatpresentintheregioneitherofphysicsor physiology.Telepathy supposethatthereissomemeansbywhichtelepathicenergycanbe directedthroughspacefromtheagenttothepatient.asyoushootabulletoutofagun. as distinguished from a dramatically extraordinary one.orappealundulytoanycravingfor themarvellous.Iwill notsayofthematerialuniverse.Evenifwecannotentertainanyconfidenthopeofdiscovering what laws these half‑seen phenomena obey.butoftheuniverseofphenomenain space….Buttheninsuchcasesthereisalways somematerialguideexistingbetweenthetwotermini.thatit doesnotarouseafoolishwonder.nodoubt.inmyjudgment.wearefacetofacenotonlywithafact extraordinary in itself.dullindeed astheyoftenare. involves us seeminglyingreaterdifficultiesstill.likewaterinapipe.IsthereanysuchmaterialguideinthecaseofTelepathy? Itseemsabsolutelyimpossible.

thattherearethingsinHeavenand earthnothithertodreamedofinourscientificphilosophy. butasamatterofascertainedfact.notasamatterofspeculationorconjecture.TheNatureoftheProblem somegaintohaveshown.” 15 .

Telepathy 16 .

 tosupportabeliefthatavividimpressionoradistinctideain onemindcanbecommunicatedtoanothermindwithoutthe intervening help of the recognized organs of sensation? And 17 .LateFellowofTrinityCollege.M.W.independentlyoftherecognizedchannelsofsense.A.” the members of the committee being Prof.Myers..Chapter III B Experimental Telepathy eginningwiththeyear1882.ProfessorofPhysicsintheRoyalCollegeof ScienceforIreland.EdmundGurney. the English Society for Psychical Researchconductedanimportantseriesofexperiments inTelepathy.H.andcontinuingforseveral years thereafter.LateFellowofTrinity College.A.” In 1882. appointed a committee to “investigate Thought‑Reading or Thought‑Transference. the President of the Society. Henry Sidgwick.F. Cambridge.W.Barrett.andF. Prof.M.Inthe“GlossaryofTermsusedinPsychical Research” by the Society.therecordsofwhichhavebeenpreservedinthe severalreportsoftheSocietywhichareonfileintheprincipal librariesoftheworld. The purpose of the inquiry by the committee wasstatedasfollows:“Isthereoristherenotanyexistingor attainableevidencethatcanstandfairphysiologicalcriticism. we find Telepathy defined as “the communicationofimpressionsofanykindfromonemindto another..

Telepathy if such evidence be found. asdoalsotheperformancesofmanyofthecelebratedpublic “mindreaders. III.Phenomenamanifested.Phenomenamanifestedwithoutcontactwiththeperson willingorsendingthethought‑impulse.inwhichthe operatorplaceshishandsuponthesubject. the distinguished English psychologist. This theory was first advanced by Dr.” inasmuch as there is transmitted to the subject some slight muscular impulse.while theresultswereveryinteresting. Carpenter.and.” in which there is “the intermediationofthoseexpressionalsignswhicharemadeand interpretedalikeunconsciously.Phenomenamanifested.orhasthementalperceptbeenevokeddirectlywithout anyantecedentsense‑percept?” The committee classified the phenomena of Thought‑ Transferenceasfollows: I. who held that “the communications are made by muscular action on the part of one person and automatically interpreted by the other.wordor cardisguessedwithoutanyapparentphysicalcommunication betweentheoperatorandsubject.” Dr. Carpenter explained this involuntary muscular action by his celebrated theory of “unconscious cerebration. II. is the impression derived from a rareorpartiallydevelopedandhithertounrecognizedsensory organ. W.itwasfeltthattheconstantly present possibility of “unconscious muscular movement” 18 .inwhichsomenumber. B.orinwhichheis placedinsomekindofphysicalcontactwiththelatter.”Thecommitteeconductednumerousseriesof carefulexperimentswithphenomenaofthisclass.”Thefamiliar“willinggame”so oftenperformedforparloramusementbelongstothiscategory. In the first class of phenomena the committee places the ordinary“mindreading”ofthepublicperformer. often given involuntarily and unconsciously by the operator.Ithas beenheldthatthisclassofphenomenareallycomesunderthe head of “muscle reading.inwhichthehandsoftheoperator areincontactwiththesubject.

 although carefully blindfolded.andsocloselydidtheyadhere to the strictest scientific methods.thenitwouldseemthattheremustbe sometransmissionofthoughtimages“withouttheintervening helpoftherecognizedorgansofsensation.although appearingintheoriginalpublicationoftheaccount): “The room was well filled with intelligent people. The writer remembers an instance in which.ExperimentalTelepathy rendered the phenomena unsatisfactory from the scientific standpoint. The following quotations are from the account written by him at the time. and as open to the suspicion that the subject may have received involuntaryguidancefromtheeyesofthecompany. and give an idea of the modus operandi(thenameoftheperformerisomittedhere. a well‑known “mind‑reader” visiting in this country received impressions through her sense of hearing. Even though the subject might be blindfolded. Miss  —— appearedanddeliveredashortaddressuponherwondrouspower…. it was possible for impressions to be received through the sense of sight. If the subject was able to selectandproceedtosomeobjectpreviouslyagreeduponby the operator or the roomful of people.foriftherebecommunication without physical contact it is reasonable to assume that some new hypothesis is necessary.andwas led away into another room to be blindfolded. Thesecondclassofphenomenacamemorenearlyunderthe trueclassificationofTelepathy.” withoutknowingtheobjectandwithoutphysicalcontactwith anypersonknowingit. in his opinion. Shethenplacedtwolong‑stemmedflowersontheplatform. in the “willing game.”Butsocarefulwere themembersofthecommittee. During her absence 19 . eager for an exhibition of the wondrous phenomenon of telepathy. that they discarded this class of phenomena as unsatisfactory and unconvincing.orperhaps from the different shades of tone in the conversation as the subjectapproachedorrecededfromtheselectedobjecttobe found.

Shethenlocatedtheweaponwith whichanimaginarymurderhadbeencommitted.the hiddenbody.however.themurderer.Miss ——wasthenledbackintotheroom.blindfolded withasilkhandkerchief.Shefoundapieceofjewelryandrestoreditto the owner.and(wonderuponwonders)evenfoundthepoliceman toarrestthecriminal.—butwesaythatthesamefeatscanbeperformedbythe useofthefivesensesalone. She succeeded and handed each the flower previouslytouched.’ andthattheaveragepersonwillgiveunconsciousmovementsinthe direction of the object or person thought of.Shethen‘unitedaseparatedcouple.Shewentaboutherworkwithoutlossoftimeandwithanair ofconfidenceandassurancewhichcreatedagoodeffect.theordinaryblindfolding doesnotshutoutthesensesofsightandhearing.Itdoeslookwonderful—now. withouttheaidoftelepathy.andeach touchedaflower.Itappeared tous. The audience was pleased and many went away apparently convinced thatherewastelepathythattelepathed.’ She performed her feats with much less ‘personal contact’ than any other public performer whom we have seen.’Ofcourse.Inthefirstplace.andstartedintofindthepersonswhohad touched the flowers. She correctly disclosed the number of a bank‑note.’ “In the first place.asyoumayascertain byalittlepersonalpractice. and when it is remembered that ‘thought takes form in action.Thenthesenseoffeelingisfreeforone’s use.asperinstructions.thatherfeatscouldbefullyaccountedforuponthe theoryoftheuseofthefivesenses.andthat anyofthefeatscouldbeduplicatedbyonefamiliarwiththesubject.withoutbeingcompelled 20 . Miss  —— was a much cleverer performer than the average ‘mind‑reader. doesn’tit?Wehavegivenyouanideaofhowitseemedtothegeneral observer.Miss ——mayhaveperformed herfeatsby‘mindreading’nobodybutherselfcanspeakpositivelyon thatpoint.Telepathy twopersonssteppeduptotheplatform. it readily will be seen thataperformerwhohasdevelopedtouchandperceptiontoahigh degree will be able to find a person or thing upon which a number ofpeopleareconcentratingtheirthoughts.’byfinding oneandleadinghimtotheother.nowletustellyouhowitappearedtothosewhowere‘on theinside.sharpenedbypractice.

 when this was our own favorite game.‘No.’familiartoour childhooddays. and when we were the champion lightweight‘hotandcold’finderofourjuvenileset. unconsciously. 21 . but more difficult when contact is not resorted to. “You all know how expert some of your crowd of boys and girls becameinthisgame.andhowsoonthehiddenobjectwasfoundby theaidofthe‘hotandcold’suggestions.that’sright!’‘Thisway. and her ‘hot.InMiss ——’sflowerfeat.Andwhenwewoulddrawneartotheobject.Youallrememberhowsome sympatheticandenthusiasticlittlegirlwouldbecomesoexcitedthat whenyounearedthehiddenobjectshecouldscarcelykeepherseat.thatlittlefairfacedgirlwiththelonggolden curlsandthatsweetlittletrickofdemurelyliftingherbigblueeyesto meetourownboyishgaze.Itwasnoticedthatsomeoftheladiespresentwere so carried away with sympathy and enthusiasm that. HOT!’ fairly sent you spinning toward the hidden handkerchief.itwasan up‑to‑datevariationoftheoldgameof‘hotandcold.howwellweremember.Thisisquitesimplewhencontactishad with the audience.itwasnoticedthattheentireaudience was looking intently in the direction of that one of the ‘thought of’ personswhohappenedtobethenearertoher. cold. Miss  —— placed her hands upon a numberofpersonsbeforereachingtheproperone.Manypeopleinthe roomwerewhispering. We well remember our own childhood days.Andweremember. cold.butassheapproachedthedesiredpersonthe whispering decreased until almost a perfect silence prevailed when the proper person was reached. and even leaninginthatdirection. hot..right!’etc.andbyotherinvoluntaryexclamationsand motionsgivecueswhichcouldbetakenadvantageofbyaperformer dependingupontheuseofhersharpenedsenses. Whatwewishedtosaywasthatthatlittlegirlwasourmascotinthe game of ‘hot and cold.’ Even when she was singing ‘cold.butassoonasshe placedherhandsontherightonetheaudienceapplaudedloudly.no!’‘Yes.Wewellrememberhowouryouthfulheart wouldbeatwhenthoseeyesofbluewould—butthat’sanotherstory.thisway!’‘To theright.ExperimentalTelepathy tofallbackupontelepathy.and thesearchended. oh.’ she would be looking intently toward the hidden object. theywouldwhisper.Inshort.etc.

 andeachreceivedthechoiceblossomasarewardofmerit.’ and when the right person was finally reached led the applause.sowhatdifferencediditmakeafterall?Oh. they werejustsendingthoughtwavestohelpheralong. that’s all.Whenthehuntbeganweturnedaroundandfoundthat wewereabletopickouttheseparatedtwin‑soulssimplybymeansof the‘hotandcold’suggestionsbeinggiven.Well. New name. inclined in the indicated direction. “There were many ‘grown‑ups’ that evening who reminded us forciblyofthewaysofthatlittlegolden‑hairedfairy. smiled.and.Onsuchoccasionsshe wouldstopjustwhereshewasandwouldapparentlythinkthatthe rightpartyhadbeenreached.WecouldeasilytellwhenMiss ——wasgetting‘hot’ and.Missfoundthepeoplewhohadtouchedtheflowers.’Insomeofthesubsequentfeats some doubting Thomases would occasionally applaud when Miss — reachedsomepersonotherthantherightone.inshort. Bless their hearts.sothatwemightnotknowwhoweretheguilty individuals. rose to their feet when she got ‘hot.Shethen started in to reunite a separated couple. “Whenitisrememberedthatthechosenpersonnearlyalwaysgives an involuntary indication to the trained observer who is touching him.oursenseoffeelingnotbeing calledintoplay.untilanominoussilencewouldreveal 22 .Thistimeweexperimented. That little girl was our guiding star. shook them.itwillbeseenthatexperience.then.theresemblancewas soperfect. same result. It was the same thing over again—the same feat.Telepathy wecouldhavefounditifwehadbeendeafanddumb.althoughrememberthat wehadtodependonsightandhearing.trainingandquickenedpowersof perceptionaretheprimerequisitesfortheperformanceofthemajority oftheseso‑called‘telepathic’feats.providedwe retained our sense of sight. same method.They‘justwanted’ Miss ——tofindthosechosenpeople‘theworstway. frowned.itjustmade ushomesickforasightofthatlong‑lostlittlegirl. our compass.wasn’t sheblindfolded.Weturnedourbackwhen‘thecouple’ wasbeingselected.’andtheynodded their heads.wereabletopointouttoourcompaniontheprogress ofthehunt.

andthefillingofherearswithcotton. and then the handkerchief boundoverthat.”Butasweproceedtoaconsideration ofthethirdclassofphenomenawewillseethattheinquiryhas onlybegun. and hence failed. 23 .ExperimentalTelepathy thefactthatshewas‘cold.” It is interesting to note that the same performer. It is possible that this performer may have beenself‑deceived—suchcasesarecommoninthehistoryof experimentalpsychology. We have related the case merely to show that it is possible for thesefeatstobeperformedwithoutcontactbymeansofthe ordinary senses.mayhavebeenmerelya seriesofcoincidences. in which she was subjected to scientific test conditions(includingthepropercoveringoftheeyesbymeans oflittleovalsofsurgeons’cotton.”IftheproofsofTelepathy terminatedherethedecisionwouldhavetobetheoldScotch verdictof“notproven. at a later exhibition.consciouslyorunconsciously.with another handkerchief bound around them) failed utterly to performthefeatsthatshehadsosuccessfullyperformedatthe previousexhibition. it may be seen why the committeeoftheSocietyforPsychicalResearchruledoutthis secondclassofphenomenaasnotbeingabovethesuspicionof errorand“unconsciouscerebration.placedneatlyoneoverthe other.”andevenaccusedthepersonwho had brought about her failure of having hypnotised her. through the senses of sight or hearing. In view of what we have said.Sheclaimedthatherfailurewasduetothe audiencebeing“againsther. The opinionofthescientificinvestigatorspresentwasthatshewas unabletoreceivetheimpressions. and a bunch on top of all.ofcourse.’This.andwesimplystateitasanitemofinterest.

Telepathy 24 .

 results obtained therein lacked true scientific 25 .wordorcardisguessedwithoutanyapparent communicationbetweentheoperatorandsubject. thentherewouldbelaidthefoundationforarationalscientific belief in the reality of Thought‑transference.Chapter IV B The English Experiments y reference to the preceding chapter you will see that the third class of phenomena of Thought‑transference. it will be seen that the onlyelementofdangerwasthatofcollusionortrickery. comprises cases in which “somenumber. according to the classification adopted by the English Society for Psychical Research.”sofaras theordinarysensesareconcerned. in which the operation of the ordinary senses was inhibited. It was ruled that experiments conducted before a general audience werealwaysopentothedangerofcollusionandtrickery. The experiments of the Society were eventually confined to this class of phenomena. Voluntary or involuntarytransmissionofinformationbymeansofthefive senses being rendered impossible.and that.This latter contingency was fully recognized by the Society and its committee took steps to guard against the danger. It was recognized that if it were possibletoestablishtheexistenceofthisclassofphenomena. therefore.

Telepathy value.people.andtheprecautionstaken. Creery’s statements.Mr. etc. ofDerbyshire.They seldom made a mistake.etc.” The committee investigated Mr. The following report will give an idea of the scientificmethodsemployed. faith and upon reasonable evidence.Havingselectedat 26 .theindividuals beingpersonsfamiliarwithscientificmethodsandhavingno personalinterestintheresults.The committeereports:“TheinquiryhastakenplacepartlyinMr.M.Creeryhadexperimentedwithhis childrenforaperiodofseveralyears. they began this remarkable series of experiments which continued over the period of about one year.Creery.” and then gradually rising to higher phases of phenomenasuchasthe“guessing”ofnames.We soonfoundthatagreatdealdependedonthesteadinesswith which the ideas were kept before the minds of the thinkers andupontheenergywithwhichtheywilledtheideastocome topass….Imaysaythisfacultyisnotbyanymeansconfined to members of one family. Creery’shouseandpartlyinlodgingsorinaprivateroomat ahoteloccupiedbysomeofournumber. Accordingly.. Creery reported to the committee in these words: “Webeganbyselectingthesimplestobjectsintheroom.A.lines fromdifferentpoems. One of the early series of experiments by the committee wasthatcommonlyknownas“TheCreeryExperiments. it is much more general than we imagine.A. Mr.England.then chosenamesoftowns. I have seen seventeen cards chosen bymyselfnamedrightinsuccessionwithoutanymistake.dates.”The subjectswerethefourchildrenoftheRev.cards.anythingorseriesofideas thatthosepresentcouldkeepbeforethemindsteadily…..infact.numbers.beginningwiththefamiliar “willing game. and coming to the conclusion that he was acting in good.cardsoutofapack.ToverifythisconclusionIinvitedtwoofaneighbor’s childrentojoinusinourexperimentsandequallysatisfactory resultswereobtained.B. the experiments of the committee were conductedbeforealimitednumberofpersons.

oftenerwithhereyesdirectedtotheground. we would choose a pack of cards.Inthenametestsshesucceededinfivecasesoutof ten. Thefollowingisashortreportofoneofthemostinteresting of the Creery experiments: “One of the children was sent into an adjoining room. or writeonpaperanameoranumberwhichoccurredtousat themoment. as ourhabitwastoavoidallutterancesofwhatwaschosen. I thoughtofsomeobjectinthehouse.and usuallyclosetousandremotefromthefamily—foraperiodof silencevaryingfromafewsecondstoaminute.butnoonemember wasalwayspresent. In a few seconds the door of the adjoining room was heard to open. whenthedoorwassuddenlyopened.the strictest silence being preserved throughout.” The result of the first experiment was that the child succeeded in naming the object selected. and so muchgreaterthantheaverageexpectancywouldindicate. 27 .Andinthenamingofsmallobjectsheldinthehandsof members of the committee she succeeded in five cases out of six.thiswasshowntothe membersofthefamilypresentintheroom. In the card tests she succeeded six times out of thirteen.oneofusalwaysassuringhimselfthat.Generally.andweweresometimesentirelyalone.We thenrecalledthechild.TheEnglishExperiments random one child. writingthenamedownIshowedittothefamilypresent.cardorwhateveritmightbe. This percentage was considered so remarkable.tillshecalled outtoussomenumber.shewasataconsiderable distance.that thecommitteefeltthattheywereconsideringacaseofgenuine Thought‑transference.Andaccordinglyotherexperimentswere begun.On re‑enteringshestood—sometimesturnedbyuswithherface tothewall.butnotalways. On returning to the sitting room and closing its door also. in six cases out of fourteen. whom we desired to leave the room and wait at some distance. the door of which I saw was closed. We then all silently thought of the name of the thing selected.fixeduponatrandom. though this was usually a superfluity of caution.

Atotalrecordofthreehundredandeighty‑ twoseparateexperimentsappearsinthereports.silentlykeepinmindto theexclusion..respectively.” Many other experiments of the greatest interest were performed.19on thethirdattempt. The odds against this 28 .”Inview oftheabovestatedcalculationofchancesagainstsuccess. an apple—itwasbrought. an orange—it was brought.itis interestingtonotethatintheseriesoftrials127successesatthe firstattemptwerereported.Thefollowing summary.56onthesecondattempt.makingthe remarkable total of 202 successes out of a possible 382.ahair‑brush—itwasbrought. thechancesagainstsuccessonafirsttrialwouldnaturallybe 25to1.willgiveanideaoftheremarkablesuccess attendingtheseries.Acalculation ofthechancesofsuccessaregivenasfollows:“Inthecaseof lettersofthealphabet.according towhich.Atonetimefive cards runningwere guessed correctly on first attempt.InthiswayI wrotedown.nocommunicationwiththechildwasconceivableasthe placewasoftenchanged.Telepathy andinaveryshortintervalthechildwouldenterthesitting‑ room.togetherwiththefamily.sofaraspossible.amongotherthings.Inthecaseofsurnames the chances against success would of course be indefinitely greater.Further. The committee selected a card without revealingittothefamily.however.theonlyinstructionsgivento thechildweretofetchsomeobjectinthehousethatIwould fixuponand. No one wasallowedtoleavetheroomaftertheobjecthadbeenfixed upon.whichwemustomitforwantofspace.outofthewholeseriesofthreehundredandeighty‑ twotrials.etc.Cardswerefarmostfrequentlyemployed.andtheodds intheircasemaybetakenasafairmediumsample.theaveragenumberofsuccessesinthefirstattempt byanordinaryguesserwouldbesevenandone‑third. a wineglass—it was brought. But one of the special experiments reveals a still more remarkable result.and89to1.51to1.andofnumbersoftwofigures.etc.ofcards.ofallotherideas. generally appearing with the object selected.

Forinstanceinthecardtestsmadewith 29 . not at their own homebutattheresidenceofMr.H..anda goodmanyofthesewereright.’andtheanswerswereall correct.forinstance.000to1. I then thought of and wrote on paper. againstwhichtheoddswereestimatedat142. Prof. S. and in the course of perhaps a minute the answer was given. F.F.Theresultswereasremarkableasthoseobtainedinthe earlierexperiments..000.theoddsagainstsuchahappeningbeingalmostbeyond calculation. Definiteobjectsintheroom.Thenfancynameswerethoughtof.Thecommitteeinmakingitsreportsaidthatthey feltthatallchanceoffraudorcollusionhadbeenpractically eliminated.ofcourse.’‘Cinderella. this time.there weresomecasesoferror. LLD.thereremainedbut theconclusionthatthephenomenawasreallyamanifestation ofThought‑transferance. The objectorthingthoughtofwaswrittenonpaperandsilentlyhanded to the company in the room.but. and that the hypothesis of coincidence being overbornebytheabovestatedcalculations. the thought‑reader was outside a door.and inthemajorityofcasestheanswerswerecorrect.W.Thenamesoftownswerethoughtof. reported as follows regarding certainpointsnoticedbyhim: “In the first instance.Anothertimetherewasa sequenceorrunofeight cardssuccessfullyguessedatfirsttrial. The thought‑reader was then called in. who was present at a number of these experiments.000.000to1. however.” Laterintheyear. England.thecommitteeresumedtheexperiments with the Misses Creery. These experiments continued over a period of ten days.and asequenceorrunofeightnamessuccessfullyguessedatfirst trial.TheEnglishExperiments happeningwereover1. R.‘Bluebeard.’‘TomThumb.Thennumberswere thoughtof. Balfour Stewart.I wasaskedtothinkofcertainfancynamesandmarkthemdownand hand them round to the company.werefirstthoughtof.MyersinCambridge.andtheanswersweregenerallyright.

itwillbeseenthattheexperimentwasadecided success.Ononedayoftheseries.782. 30 . besides which there were 69 guessed partially correct. Asthechancesofcorrectguessesshouldhavebeenbut1out of52trials.outof64trialswithfiguresrangingfrom10to99.outof32experiments5were completely successful at the first attempt. In the experiments with figures known alone by the committee. thegirlguessed5correctatfirsttrial.The average.Telepathy thefullpackoffifty‑twocards. on the first trial. of course.Onthisdaytherewasarecordofthesuitbeingnamed correctly 14 times in succession. the chances against such an occurrencebeing4. according to thelawofaverage.and6atsecondtrial.969to1.outof248trialsthegirlsguessed 22 absolutely correct.whereasthegirlssucceededinaverymuch greaterdegree. would be but 1 in 90 trials. and 18 on the second trial. and 20 partially correct.

Inordertoshutouttheonlysense possiblyavailabletotherecipient. Mr.G. Blackburn.A. The recipient.The resultswereobtainedunderthesestrictandrigidrequirements. so as to prevent his attempting to communicate with the recipientinanyway. F.overthiswasdrawnabolstercase.thepercipient.Mr.W.Blackburnbeingalsorequiredtosit perfectlystillandquietsometwofeetbehindtherecipient.Chapter V A More English Experiments nother series of experiments conducted by the English committee which has attracted the attention ofinvestigators. Mr.Mr. Every precaution againstfraudwasobserved.H.DouglassBlackburnwastherecipient. 31 .England. Smith.andthenhis entireheadandbodywascoveredbyablanket. and sat with his back toward the percipient.andincertainexperimentshis ears were filled with putty which was in turn covered by a thickbandage.Moreoverthe committeegroupeditselfaroundMr.Blackburn.Messrs.thatofhearing.” These experiments were conducted before the committeeunderthedirectionoftwoofitsmembers.MyersandEdmundGurney.Smithwasthe percipientandMr. was blindfolded.The placeoftheexperimentswasBrighton.isthatknownasthe“Blackburn‑Smith experiments.hisearswere coveredwithheavybandages.

………………………………………………… Answer.thepercipient.whoshortlyafternamedtheobject.etc. LobeofRightEar………………………………LobeofRightEar.Telepathy Thenames.Barnard. Then followed a series of experiments in which pain was inflictedonthebodyofMr. QueenAnne …………………………………… Queechy. Smiththepercipient.Blue. Barnard …………………………………………Harland.weregivenbythecommittee. RegentStreet………………… RembrantStreet. Black…………………………………… Iamtired.toMr. White ……………………………………………… Green.Blackburn. told what part of his own body felt the pain. LeftUpperArm ……………………………… LeftUpperArm. Bellairs………………………… Humphreys.andMr. thoughtof. Gold……………………………… Gilt(colorofpictureframe. Orange………………………………………………ReddishBrown. Thefollowingistherecordoftheresultsobtained: Color Selected.figures.Benaris.Slaty.) LightWood ………………………………… DarkBrown.Wissenaft.Blackburn..Red. whothenclosedhiseyesandconcentratedhisminduponMr.orelsedrewwithapencilthefigureselected. the recipient.. • • • Names Chosen.RegentStreet.White.Iseenothing.Queen Wissenschaft………………………………… Wissie. Crimson ……………………………………… FieryLooking.Johnson. Part of Body. Black…………………………………………………………… Black OxfordBlue ………………………………… Yellow.oneata timebeforeeachexperiment. Smith. 32 . …………………………………………………… Answer.Gray. ………………………………………………… Answer.BenNevis. Johnson ………………………………………… Jobson.etc.thepercipient.

 on a fictitious name.wefindupwardof40percentcorrectlyanswered….weshouldnothavehadmore thanonequiterightinonehundredtrials. and must be seen to be appreciated.only8wereconsideredtobefailures. the reproduction. the results obtained are summarizedasfollows: “Thusgivingeveryexperimentwhenthechancesagainstsuccesswere beyond50to1. and reproduced by the recipient.onequiterightin4 1‑3trials. inventedbyoneofus. Infourcasestherecipientfailedtoseeanything.and asnoneofthechanceswaslessthan1to50.whereasourexperiments showedwehad.theSocietyfor PsychicalResearchgatheredalargevolumeoftestimonyfrom various sources.A. however.G. in which reputable persons related cases of 33 . usuallybeinginreverseorderandupsidedown. by pure guesswork. an incalculable number of trials might be made before pure guesswork would hit uponaresemblanceasnearasthatobtainedinalmosteverycaseby Mr. In the committee’s report. Here. Thenfollowedaseriesofremarkableexperimentsinwhich geometricalandsimilarfigureswerevisualizedbythepercipient.similartothose recordedaboveandintheprecedingchapter. As the chance of hitting.” Inadditiontomanyseriesofexperiments. LeftKnee………………………………………………… LeftKnee.iffirstresponsesonlybeallowed.Outofaseries of37drawingssubmitted.Theoriginaldrawingsandthereproductionsthereof are given in the Society’s reports.Intheseresultswehavenotincludedtherecentexperiments on the reproduction of drawings.Smith. Purechancewouldhavegivencertainlylessthanfrom1to2percent. obviously.andinfour casesthereproductionwassoimperfectthatitwasClassedas afailure.wemayroughlysaythat ifpureguessworkonlywereconcerned.MoreEnglishExperiments HaironTopofHead …………………… HaironTopofHead.wouldbeatleastonetomanythousands.

”andwhichhasattractedmarkedattentionfrom investigatorsofthesubjectbothinthiscountryandinEurope: InofferingtheresultoftheEnglishexperimentsImakeno attempttoproveanyspecialhypothesis. Ernest Weltmer. It is impossible to reproducetheseaccountsatlength.butthefollowingmaybe quotedasafairrepresentativecase: “ThelateBishopofWilberforcewasinhislibraryatCuddeson. on the third day after the 13th. I omitaspecialreferencetothese“long‑distance”experiments inthischapter.butfromthenatureofthe casetheseexperimentscouldnotbeconductedunderthesame stricttestconditions. and his son.moreparticularlybecauseIintendcallingyour attentiontoawellknownseriesofsuchexperimentsconducted by Prof. Missouri.’Itafterwardtranspired that just at that time his eldest son’s foot was badly crushed by an accident on board his ship.Telepathy involuntary telepathy which had come under their personal observation and in their own experience.andtheresultslackthepositivequality possessed by the class of experiments we have mentioned.ortheory. which is generally known as “The Weltmer Experiment.butmerely desire to lay the facts before you that you may intelligently determine for yourself whether “the proofs of Telepathy” are 34 .with three or four of his clergy with him at the same table.’” TheSocietyalsoreportsuponanumberofinterestingcases ofvoluntarytelepathyatadistance.Herbert. The Bishop thus records the case in a letter to Miss Noel. The Bishop suddenlyraisedhishandtohisheadandexclaimed:‘Iamcertainthat somethinghashappenedtooneofmysons. S. of Nevada. 1847: ‘It is curiousthatatthetimeoftheaccidentIwassopossessedwiththe depressingconsciousnessofsomeevilhavingbefallenmyson. the son being at sea. that at the last. I wrote down that I was quite unable to shake off the impression that something had happenedtohim. Weltmer. dated March 4. W. Mr.andnotedthisdownforremembrance.

itisthatmuchmoreeffort.Noinquirycanlayclaimtobescientificwhich expressesItsresultsingeneraltermswhenitcangivetheminprecise. At present all its energies seem to be directed towards inquiries into trance mediumship. automatic 35 .a priori.noneof thetrialsembracedanygreatnumberofseparateexperiments. Perhaps those who are already convinced that thoughttransferenceisafactwillthinkmeundulyexacting. Those who are satisfied that telepathy ‘and all that nonsense’ is impossible.thesaferplanofleavingmyreaderstomakeuptheirminds on the subject of these experiments for themselves.MoreEnglishExperiments worthy of careful consideration and account.Thosewhoholdthatthemassofevidenceisyet toosmall.ontheotherhand. will not be moved.Withtheexceptionofthecardseries.Theresultsofthe cardexperiments. Northcote W. If I venture to expressmyownconvictiononthesubject.TheSocietyforPsychicalResearchwasformedtoinvestigate telepathy as well as spiritualism.isneededbeforewecan safely assert that telepathy is a proved fact. howeverimprobableitmayappearincertaincases.muchmoresystematiceffort.orthatinmanyoftheprevioustrialstheconditionshave notbeensuchastoexcludeundesiredperturbations.willnotfindin thepresentcontributionmatterofsufficientweighttoturnthescale in favor of telepathy.arehardlysufficientlydecisive forittobepossibletobaseanyconclusiononthem. (By this I mean proved bydirectexperiment.Whenwetakeintoaccountcrystalgazingand thespontaneouscases.whenI demandmoreevidenceandespeciallymorerecentevidencethanany whichtheSocietyofPsychicalResearchhasputbeforeus….theweightofevidenceinfavoroftelepathyis considerablygreater). even if an angel comefromheaven. Thomashaswellsaid.Iamlessdisposed tosumupthemiscellaneousexperimentsherepublished…asitis.inhisworkon“ThoughtTransference”: “Nothing is more difficult than to sum up the net result of experiments so diverse in their nature and outcome as the various seriesdescribedabove. certain that no argument based upon them is likely to affect any one’s convictions. therefore.Iadopt.andin noneofthebriefseriesisthepossibilityofchancecoincidenceexcluded. terms…. andparticularly.

 or rather the anima vilis. with sufficient patience and sufficiently delicate methods of analysis. if thought transference cannot.ifnotinthelimboofsuperstitionsanddelusions.Telepathy writing. of the ordinaryman.orfivehundred.” 36 . be demonstrated on the corpus vile.itwillforthemassofscientificmenremainatanyrate ontheborderland.personswerepreparedto try.atanyrate tosaymoredefinitelythanwecanatpresent. leavingthediscussionandanalysistoexperts.If ahundred.underproperconditions.orfivethousand.totheexclusionoftheworkwhichshouldreally formthefoundationofthewholestructureofPsychicalScience.itmightbepossible. For if thought transference is evertobeproved.whethertheordinary personshowsanytracesofsuchafaculty.andthelike.if nottodemonstratethought‑transferencefromtheresults.the establishmentofthetheoryoftelepathy.experimentsofthesortdescribedhere.iftrue.anditsformulation in the most definite terms possible…. Reasonably or unreasonably.itmustbebyshowingthatitisafacultycommon to the human race and not absolutely limited to a few individuals.

” the followingannouncementappears:“Forthepastyearwehave beenconductingaclass(inadditiontotheregularcoursein healing)fortheinvestigationofpsychicphenomena.Missouri. Prof. 1907.Mr.ofNevada.”conductedbyProf. Weltmer began the celebrated “Weltmer Experiment” in1907. including “absent treatment” by means of telepathy. Feeling.atwhichinstitutionhealingbysuggestionandother mental agencies. issue of “Weltmer’s Magazine.hasbeenpracticedsuccessfullyformanyyears. In the August.andthe resultswehaveachievedconvinceusmorethaneverthatitis possibletoapplycarefulmethodsofobservationtothestudy 37 .Chapter VI P The Weltmer Experiment erhapsthebestknownseriesofexperimentsinTelepathy conductedbyinvestigatorsinAmericaisthatknownas “TheWeltmerExperiment.”ofNevada.ErnestWeltmer. however.Weltmeristheheadofthe“WeltmerInstitute.andhiseldestson. that it was advisable to institute a series of experiments on a much larger scale and covering a much broader field.SidneyA. Weltmer. the Messrs. Missouri. Ernest Weltmer has investigated the subject of telepathic phenomenaformanyyearsandhasconductedagreatnumber of personal experiments along these lines.

 andwehaveacentrearoundwhichtogatheragreatdealof effortandfromwhichtosendweeklymessagestoallwhoare tryingtoreceivethem.andnowwewishtoextendourresearchestobroader lines and in one series of experiments gather more material thanwouldordinarilybeobtainableinalife‑timeofhardwork. for the latter is required a man oftrainedmindwhocanthinkwhathewishestothink. although.bytheignorant.and further. Wearegoingtobeginaseriesofexperimentsintelepathyto testthe possibility of a large number of people receiving messages from one sender.Wedonotexpect inthisexperimenttoproveanythingnewsofarasordinarytelepathy 38 . as one would expect.Webelievethatwecansendtoathousandpeopleas wellastooneanythoughtuponwhichweconcentrate.webelievethattherewillbelittletroubleinteaching peoplehowtoreceive.infact.theactionofthenaturallawswhichmake thesethingspossible.Telepathy of the unseen as well as to the seen world.inotherwords.asourexperiencehasshownusthatitiscomparatively easytoteach. through which we can communicate with the ones who are helping to make the experiments.Ithasbeenprovensomanytimesunder strictly test conditions that it is no more questioned now than is hypnotism.whounderstandperhapsaswellasanyone atthepresenttime.Wehaveamagazinewhichreachesalargenumber of people each month. “Telepathyisaprovenfact.Wehavemenwhoaretrainedtosend thoughtstoothers. and only. We are well fitted to make this experiment successful. We have made a greatmanyexperimentsintelepathy.wethinkwehaveeverything necessary to give the experiment a large chance of being a success.withofttimesremarkable results. by the same people.iftheyarewillingtomakeaneffortto learn.and.notsomuchingetting senders. to wit:thosewhoknownothingwhateveraboutwhathasbeendonein eitheroftheselines.that thedifficultywillbeingettingreceivers.themainthingbeinganeffortonthepartofthe pupiltolearn. of course.

Thenwewillcarrythe experimentastepfurtherandendeavortodeterminewhetheralarge numberofpersonscanbemadetofeelthesamesensationsatacertain timefromonevolitionofthesender. more or less. sothatwhenthesenderistryingtoreachthereceiverstheycanallbe waitingforthemessage. “Ourplanforthisexperimentisasfollows:Weareprintingablank inthisnumberofthemagazinewhichweexpectatleastfivehundred ofoursubscriberstocutout. and giving the evidence obtained from an agreement of the thoughts receivedwiththemessagesent.signproperlyandreturntous.strongvalueinthemindsofthemost skeptical.makingit impossible to substitute a bogus message for the real one sent.ifthiswillnotdohewillbegiventhemessagetobesent afterenteringtheroominthepresenceofwitnesseswhowillmake affidavit to this fact.butweexpecttoconformwhatisalreadyproven.and wewishtodiscover. which willsavethemmuchtroubleofwritinglettersandmakeiteasierfor ustotakecareofthemassofmaterialthatwillhavetobearranged infirmwhatisalreadyproven.Theneachweekatthetimeset.makingthetimesuitforthewholeworld.Thiswouldmakeafurtherbasisforanabsent methodoftherapeutictreatment. togetherwithalltherepliessentin.Weshallpublishfourblanks each month for them to use in making their weekly reports. each week. in trying toreceiveamessagetobesentfromhereandtoreportimmediately afterthetrialthethoughtstheythinktheycanidentifyasbeingthe messagetheyhavebeentryingtoreceive.Or.oneofour trained senders will concentrate his mind on some thought for the purposeofsendingitouttoallwhoaremakinganefforttoreceiveit.withouttheirconsciousnessof thesender’sintention.TheWeltmerExperiment isconcerned.andwewishtodis‑publishatimetable fortryingtheexperiment.thereby promising to spend half an hour. Hewillalsowritethewordsexpressingthethought.whetheronepersoncansendmessages toalargenumberofpeopleatthesametime….ifpossible.Astheenrollmentblanks 39 . These messages will be published each month.onaslipofpaper whichhewillhavewitnessedbyanotaryonthesameday.andthenwhenthereceivergets hismagazinehecanseewhatsuccesshehashadandhowotherswho aretryingtheexperimenthaveprospered.

Allthosewhoareenrolledwill receiveasheetofinstructions. subconscious mind.. Messages received by the subconsciousnessarisetotheconsciousnessofthereceiverwhilehis mindisinaconditionwhichplacestheordinarysensorythoughtsin thebackground.areunder controloftheconsciousness‑producingorconsciousmind. and if we are successful in proving that these things are possible…withdataofthissortitwillbepossibletomakeascienceof telepathywhichshallhavearighttothename.Telepathy arereceivedweshallnumberthemandwhenwepublishthereplies of the respondents we shall publish only the numbers. by the thoughts 40 .etc: “Telepathy is a function of the deeper. “This manner of conducting the experiment will make its results conclusive.thosewhich normallyproduceconsciousnessandthosewhichdonot.etc.timetables.” In the September.’Wehaveover threehundredreceiversenrolledto‑day. both as to the sending and receiving of messages.sinceallofthethinkingfaculties.” Thefollowingquotationsfromthe“Instructions”senttothe ReceiverintheWeltmerTelepathyExperiment.andeverymailbrings abigsheafofnewapplications.whethervoluntary orinvoluntary.controlled bytheconsciouswill. 1907.However.enclosedintheir magazine. Thoughts sent by the subconsciousness come to the consciousness of the sender only incidentally or perhaps not at all. but we shall alsokeeponfilealltheoriginalrepliessignedwiththefullnameofthe writersothatifanyofthemarecalledinquestionbytheskepticalwe canprovethemgenuine.andastheresultofthetransmittedvibrationscausing amovementorconditioninthereceiver’smindsimilartothatwhich inthesender’smindproducedconsciousness. issue of the same magazine.Telepathicmessagesare neithersentnorreceiveddirectlyinconsciousness. the editorsstate:“TheTelepathyExperimentisa‘go.itispossibletosotrainthesubconscioussending faculty that one can determine the messages sent.willgiveanidea ofthemethodsfollowed.

 The other end for which we areworkingistoteachmentousethismeansofcommunicationso thatitmaybeappliedineverydaylife.andstudyingthese.isexperimentation.Inordertogetthebestresultswemust layaplanuponwhichtowork. Wehavethesameuseforitthatthearcticexplorerhasfortheplanof theroadheshalltraveltofindthePole.andfromthisexplanationwelay aplanforfuturework.butnoneoftheseseemstoustobefounded onthefactsastheyoccur. “About the only thing that is fully proven about telepathy is that thereissuchameansofcommunication. however.assistinguswiththework:we aredoingwithourheadandhands.sofar asweareable.Thisexplanationandplanwecallahypothesis.thatmindscancommunicate withoutanyoftheordinaryphysicalaids.Hetakeshismapsandalltheaccountshecan findofarctictravelsandfromthemeagerinformationtheygivehim hesketchesouttheprobablecourseheshallhavetofollowandforms someideaofthenatureofthecountryoverwhichheshallpassand thedifficultiesheislikelytomeet.Hecanalsolearntoraisetoconsciousness all desirable messages received by the conscious receiving faculty.TheWeltmerExperiment whicharisetoconsciousness.Toteachthisistheobjectoftheselessons. “So we take our knowledge of telepathy gleaned from our own experiences and all the trustworthy accounts of the experiences of otherswecanget.butnoone understandsfullyhowthisisaccomplished.andwemustbe. thewaytoreachtheendofthejourneyweareundertaking.appearingrathertobestatementsofthe 41 . This is a matter of education and practice and the first step toward proficiencyintheartofsendingandreceivingmessagesistolearnto receivethem. whichisproposedtoaccountforsomethingnotunderstood.Todiscoverthisisoneof the aims of this Telepathy Experiment.Thisisproven.Itmustbe formulatedfromaknowledgeofthegroundoverwhichweshalltravel.weevolveanexplanation.aplan throughwhichweexpecttogetanunderstandingofthephenomenon.asheis.ofthisphenomenon.Therearemanyhypothesesproposed toaccountfortelepathy.Thisplanmustpointtheroadtosuccess.Ourprincipalobjectatpresent. andafullknowledgeofthetruth.always readytoabandonitatanytimewhenitprovesinadequateorseems liabletoleadusastray.

 produces vibrationsinether. not only because we find motion back of everyexpression. but we find we cannot think of motion apart from something to move. What this substance may be. (“So far as we know. We cannot know whether it fills all space.inwhichitdoes not exist.capableofbeingsetintovibrationsbymentalactivities. from the natureofthefactsforwhichwearetoaccount.butaswellbecausewecannotreallythinkofitas apart from substance. because we do notknowallspace. every expression of intelligence and force is throughsomeformofsubstancebysomemodeofmotion.thereforewehavediscardedallofthem for the one which we shall give here. Mind acting in the normal capacity of thinking. but it is in ether and expressed through brain substance. the sanest and most logical conclusion.Thewholethinking process.Telepathy preferences of their makers.andproducesconsciousnessonlyas aresultofcertainlittleunderstoodconditions.Beloweveryconscious thoughtthereisaverycomplexprocessofmentalactivityandabasis ofethericmovement.Ether.however. or both.Conscious thought is an expression of an intelligence and force and requires substance for its expression.) “2.) we do not know. “OurHypothesis” “1. We conceive that there must be motion associated with thought.Wedoknow.issubconscious. The motion of mind is not.thattelepathicmessages have been received from the farthest corners of the earth and that 42 .red‑hotiron.fills allspace. in brain substance. (“We do not mean to be definite in this statement but rather to expresstheideathatwecanplacenolimitstotheextentofetherand donotknowofanythingwhichitdoesnotpermeate. whether brain or mind.justasheatisnotintherodbutisamovementoftheether expressingitselfthroughtheglowing. believing that this is the most comprehensible. expressions of their hopes rather than foreshadowingsofthetruth.assuch. (if we may speak of mind as substance. strictly speaking.

 Intheabsenceofanyphysicalmediumoftransmissionintelepathywe conceivethatetherservesthispurposejustasthewirelesstelegrapher conceivesthatwavesofelectricityarecarriedbyetherwhenhesends messages from one machine to another without using wires or any othervisiblemeansofcommunication. so far as we are concerned as human beings.) “5.saythatthewholemassofetherisdisturbed bythoughtvibrationsinanyonepartofit.Thatvibrationsaretransmittedthroughetheris provenbythefactthatmessagesaretransmitted. po-1which.Theetherictransmissionofthoughtvibrationsisindependentof theconsciousvolitionoftheproducer. since vibrations have been transmitted from the antipodes. (“Thisisanotherstatementwhichisdescriptiveratherthandefinite.anditisanecessary conceptioninourhypothesisthatthoughtsproducevibrationsinether.TheWeltmerExperiment therefore.Imayconsciouslywillthatmytelepathicsuggestions shall reach and affect a certain person in a definite manner.ofcourse. which means that so far as we are practically concerned ourstatementistrue.) “4. (“Many instances come in the experience of every one in which messageshavebeensentandreceivedwithoutanyeffortonthepart ofeithersenderorreceiver.Ethertransmitsthoughtvibrationstoeverypartofitsmass. (“Forinstance.notbecausethe consciousthinkingofthesenderproducesastrongereffectthrough strongerconscious activities.under the influence of the consciously directed will. The transmission of thought vibrations can be directed and intensifiedbytheconsciousvolitionofthesender. it fills all of extendedspace. and experience proves that the effect produced is proportional in some degreetotheintensityofmyvolition. produces also a stronger etheric wave through 1 Typesettingerrorinoriginal:Correcttextreplacedwithduplicate.thatitatleastfillsallthespaceweoccupy.) “3.Hereagainwefindthatitmatterslittlewhetherornotour statement is exact.SeeBelow. This is so because Will is. Wecouldnot. 43 .butthisideaisnecessaryin ourconceptionoftheethericbodywhichisofaninfinitelyextended andexceedinglyattenuatedbutatthesametimemoreorlesssolid substance.Thisispossible. produces a stronger conscious effect.

Telepathy
subconsciousactivities.ThisissobecauseWillis,potentially1atleast, masterofallthefacultiesandpowersofman.) “6.Mindcanreceiveandtranslatethoughtvibrations. (“Every instance of telepathy proves that mind receives thoughts in some manner from distant minds. Our hypothesis assumes that the manner of transmission is in the form of vibrations. Hence, it is necessary that we conceive that mind can receive these thought vibrationsandtranslatethemintoconsciousthoughts.) “7. Mind receives only those thought vibrations which find a harmoniousresponseinthereceivingmind. (“Thoughtvibrationsarereceivedbytheirproducinginthereceiving mindanewmodeofmotioncorrespondingwiththemotionofthe mindwhichproducedthem.Whenthereceivingmindisatacertain tension, which it is when thinking, or im- string on a violin is tuned to a certain tension2, only vibrations which would be produced by a mind at the same tension can affect it. To illustrate: if a string on a violinistunedtoacertaintension3onlysoundvibrationswhichcome fromanotherstringtunedtoliketensionwillsetitintovibration.So itiswiththemindandtelepathicsensitiveness.Thoughtsofhope,for instance, have a pitch peculiar to themselves and require the mind producingthemtohaveacertaintension.Whenthemindistuned tothetensionwhichproducesthoughtsofhopeitcanonlyanswer tovibrationswhichhavestartedfromothermindshavingthesame tension. For this reason the thoughts he thinks determines to what thoughtsthereceiverwillbesensitive.Thisappliesineveryhourand minuteofyourlife.) “8.Thoughtsoflikenatureproducemutuallyharmoniousvibrations. (“Thisisnecessarilysosincemindcanreceivethoughtvibrationsat onetimeandtranslatethematalatertime.Itisobviouslynecessary thattheybestoredbelowtheconsciousnessinsomemanner.)4

1 2 3 4

Duplicatedtext. Typesettingerrorinoriginal:Correcttextreplacedwithduplicate.SeeBelow. Duplicatedtext. Missingtext8–10.Error?

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TheWeltmerExperiment
“11.Acertainconditionofmindcalledtelepathicsensitivenessmakes possible the conscious perception and interpretation of the stored thoughts. (“Experienceprovesthatthemindmustbeconsciouslywithdrawn fromsensorythoughtsandmadesensitivetotheinnermindinorder toraisetelepathicmessagestoconsciousness.) “12. Telepathic sensitiveness changes the relation of the conscious andsubconsciousminds. (“That telepathic sensitiveness affects only the relation of the conscious and subconscious minds is illustrated by the fact that messagesreceivedatonetimecanbeinterpretedatanother;alsoby thefactthattelepathyisnotaconsciousfaculty.Itisimpliedbyour assumptionofsubconsciousreceptivitytovibrations.) “13.Telepathicsensitivenessdoesnotaffectthemindinitsexternal relations with the objects and influences of its environment except thattheattentioniswithdrawnfromthem. (“Thisisreallyanegativestatementofthetwelfth.Sincetelepathic sensitivenessconsistsinopeningtheconsciousmindtosubconscious activities, it could not, of course, affect its relations with the outer world,exceptasitwithdrewallattentionfromit.) “14. Thought vibrations will produce the same conscious effect uponthemindofthereceiverthattheyproduceuponthemindof theproducer,exceptastheirinterpretationiswarpedbyanimperfect conditionoftelepathicsensitiveness. (“Conscious thought is the result of motion in ether, producing consciousnessthroughthebrain,dependingforitsnatureuponthe rate and intensity of this motion. Whenever the brain, through the ethericmotions,isgivenanysortofmotion,therewillbeproduced a corresponding effect of consciousness. Therefore, when thought vibrationsofacertainnaturecommunicatetheirmotiontothebrain of the receiver, the resultant condition of consciousness will be the sametothereceiverasthesamemotionoriginallycausedinthemind oftheproducer.Afaultyconditionoftelepathicsensitivenessmight introducecertainelementsofdiscordintothethoughtmotion,tingeing the message received with the receiver’s own thought. This applies

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Telepathy
onlytotheraisingofthethoughttoconsciousness.Weconceivethat themessageisreallyreceivedinthesubconsciousreceiverperfectand iswarpedonlywhenitisinprocessofbeingraisedtoconsciousness, althoughtheremightbesomedistortionbelowthis.) “15. An imperfect condition of telepathic sensitiveness will tend to mix the thought of the receiver with the thought of the sender, distortingtheinterpretationofthereceivedthought. (“Thisisobviousfromtheforegoingexplanation.) “16.Animperfectconditionoftelepathicsensitivenessmaycausea receivedthoughttobeinterpretedinsensations,feelingsorideas. (“Nothing is more common than for our thoughts of things to arousetheiraccompanyingsensations.Thus,whenyousitinatrain, looking out at another train which is just beginning to move on a parallel track, you appear to be moving and can feel the motion of thetrain,althoughyouarestandingstillallthetime.Thereisthesame reactiontoathoughtreceivedtelepathicallythatthereistotheidea createdbyfalseinterpretationofsensorystimulation.) “17.Telepathicsensitivenessissometimesnatural. (“This is proven by the fact that telepathic messages are often receivedwithoutanyunusualconditionsorvoluntaryeffort.) “18.Telepathicsensitivenesscanbecultivatedwhereitisnotnatural. (“Commonexperienceinteachingtheartofsendingandreceiving telepathic messages proves this statement, making any explanations unnecessary.) “19. Telepathic sensitiveness is best cultivated by exercises which tend to abstract one from conscious relation with his environment andproduceastateofphysicalandmentalrelaxation. (“Since telepathic sensitiveness consists in withdrawing one’s consciousattentionfromsurroundingswhichwillproducesensation, it naturally follows that exercises which promote this state are best adaptedtoitscultivation.Experienceprovesthetheory.) “20.While artificial telepathic sensitiveness is at first a slow and difficult process, training will enable one to produce it instantaneously at will.

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—thisweapplytoourproblem. “The first necessity for the production of voluntary telepathic sensitiveness is that the attention shall be fully withdrawn from the body.etc.themind magnifiesthestrengthofthelight.itisalsobetterforyoutohavethisdevelopmentbeforeyou trytotakeuptheworknecessarytothesuccessfulsendingofthem.TheWeltmerExperiment (“Thislaststatementofourhypothesisis not hypothetical at all. but that it is a part of those faculties which do not normally produce consciousness.but isa statement of actual results obtained by us in the work of teaching telepathy. 47 .” Following the above statement of “The Weltmer Hypothesis.andabilityto producethisconditionatwilliswhatwemustnowtrytocultivate.Thisconditionofthemindturnedinwardfortheperception oftelepathicmessagesiscalledtelepathic sensitiveness..Ishallgiveyouinstructionsatpresentonlyinthecultivation of telepathic sensitiveness which is necessary to the conscious interpretation of telepathic messages received by the subconscious mind. therefore.Inordertoproduce themostperfectrelaxationwehaverecoursetooneofthebestknown lawsofpsychology.weassumethatthereceivingfaculty orpowerdoesnotbelongtotheconsciousness‑producingfacultiesof mind.andgivesthefollowing directionsfor“TheWeltmerExperiment:” “For the purposes of our experiment you need to learn to receive messages. and that it needs no special cultivation of itself to exercise its functions.ofthebodyandanequalrelaxationofthemindin itsrelationtothebodyandthingsconcerningit.andwhena verystrongshadowisplacedbyacomparativelystronglight.Asstatedinourhypothesis.thatthemessagesreceivedbythesubconsciousreceiving powerscanarisetoconsciousnessandbeconsciouslyknownbythe receiver.” Mr. The physical condition that most fully insures these results is that of perfectrelaxation.towit:—Themindseesbycontrasts. ErnestWeltmermakesthefollowingstatement. We further assume that when the consciousness‑producing faculties are withdrawn from the senses andsensorythoughtsandtheattentionisturnedinwardtowardthe deeperself. and that the body shall be placed in such a condition that its senses shall not intrude upon the mind for the time being.

Telepathy
and experience bears us out in the statement that when a period of intense activity is quickly followed by a period of comparative relaxation,themindmagnifiesthedegreeofrelaxationandmakesone feelmorerelaxedthanhereallyis.Hereanotherlawofpsychologyis broughtintoplay,towit:—Thebodyreactstothementalconditions andexpressesasfullyaspossiblethethoughtsinthemind;therefore, whenweproduceafeelingofrelaxationthebodyquicklyfollowsthe feelingwiththeactualcondition.Weapplytheseprincipleswiththe samebeneficialresults.Thefollowingisthemannerofapplication: “Application.Afterhavingreadtheforegoingcarefully,gointoyour roomalone,ifpossible,andhavingpreparedyourbedoreasychairso thatyoumaylieorsitateaseandcomfort,takethisexercise,either sittinguporlyingdown,orevenstanding.Itisbettertotakeitinthe positionyouwillmaintainduringyourrelaxationperiod,butifthisis inconvenientandyouhavetotaketheexerciseinonepositionand thenrestinanother,placeyourselfinthepositionyouwishtokeep, before you are ready to relax. I shall describe the exercise as if you weretakingitsittinginyoureasychair,andyoucanadaptitfromthis descriptiontomeetyourownrequirements.Extendyourarmsinfront andkeepingyourattentionfirmlyfixeduponwhatyouaredoing,half closethehandsandthentrytoopenandclosethematthesametime, pullingthemusclesthatwouldopenthemagainstthosewhichwould close them; half bend the wrists and then make the muscles which wouldbendthemfartherpullagainstthosewhichwouldstraighten them;bendtheelbowsinthesamemanner,andliftthearmsalsoat thesametimethatothermusclesaretryingtoholdthemdown;when allthehand,wrist,elbowandshouldermusclesarethuspullingagainst eachother,suddenlyrelaxthemandletthearmsfall,whenyouwill feelasenseofbodilyeaseandrelaxationrunupyourarmsandspread overyourshoulders.Dothisseveraltimes;ifyoudoitproperly,three orfourtimesaresufficientunlessyouareaccustomedtothisparticular formofexercise.Thenmentallyapplythesameexercisetoallpartsof yourbody,yourneck,trunk,legs,etc.Ifyouhavedoneitrightwith yourarms,youcanbythementalapplicationtoallotherpartsofyour bodyproducethesamerelaxationineverypart.Whenexercisingthe

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TheWeltmerExperiment
arms,besurethatthehandsdonotrelaxwhenyoubeginbendingthe wrists,andthatboththehandsandwristaretensewhenyoubend theelbows,etc.,sothatwhenyoucometorelax,everymuscleinthe armsandshouldersthatwouldbeinvolvedinsuchactionsasthose described,willbepullingashardaspossible. “When you have relaxed your body in this manner then leave it alone;giveitnofurtherthought;forgetitifpossible,thengiveyour attention to some complex problem such as the following: Ponder themysteryoftheformationofachickenoutoftheyellowandwhite parts of an egg, or the phenomenon of frost forming patterns on thewindows,ortheeveningskybecomingred,oranythingelseyou cannotunderstandthatwillpermitofintensementalapplication,or ifyoudonotliketheseproblems,takeaprobleminmentalarithmetic andsolveit;anythingwilldothatrequiresconcentrationandasmuch mentalexertionaspossible.Whenyouhavebroughtyourmindtoa highdegreeofvoluntaryactivitysuddenlyletgoallcontrolofit,rest andrelaxyourmindasyouhavedoneyourbody,thenjustletyourself alone.Makenoeffortstocontrolyourthoughts;letcomewhatwill anddonotevenmakeanefforttohearorseeanything.Just relax.If yougotosleep,thatwillnotmatter;youwillawakeafteratime,and evenifyoudosleepallnightthatisallright;trytoraisethemessage toconsciousnessthefirstthingnextmorningbeforearising.Itwould bewellifyouwouldpracticethisexerciseeveryday,makingnoeffort to receive anything, however, except on the nights set for the tests. Youcaninthismannermakemorerapidprogressthanifyoupractice only once a week at the time when you wish to receive a message. Every time that you practice the exercise, read the hypothesis and instructions fully, thinking of their meaning as closely as if you had neverseenthembefore,andconcentratethewholeofyourattention ontheexercisesyouarepracticing.Becarefultoavoidanyperfunctory performanceofanypartoftheseinstructions.Thethoughtthatyou putintoitiswhatwillcountforyou. “DirectionsforfheExperiment:EveryThursdaynight,aslongas the Experiment is continued, which will be during the whole of the coming winter, at any rate; from nine to nine‑thirty, Standard or

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Telepathy
RailroadTime,CentralTime,Prof.S.A.Weltmerwillsendamessage fromheretoallthereceiverswhoareenrolledintheExperiment.At thattimeyoushouldmakeyourselfreceptiveandtrytoreceivethe messagehesends.IfyouliveinEasternTime,youshouldtakethetime from ten to ten‑thirty for relaxation; if you live in Atlantic or Inter‑ ColonialTime,fromeleventoeleven‑thirty,orifthishouristoolatefor you,relaxwhenyouarereadyforbedandthen,nextmorningbefore arising,trytoreceivethemessagewhichhasbeenstoredinyourdeeper mind.IfyoulivewestofNevada,(Missouri),andyourtimeisWestern orMountainTime,youshouldrelaxfromeighttoeight‑thirty;ifPacific Time,fromseventoseven‑thirty,inordertobewaitingatthetimethat themessageisbeingsent.RememberthatweareusingonlyStandard Time,whichisthesameasRailroadTimeandoftenverydifferentfrom SunTime.Receiverslivinginforeigncountriescanadaptthetimethey usetothis,usingmeanSunTime,whichwillbeapproximatelycorrect. “Assoonasyoureceiveamessagewriteoutareportofit.Be sure to report,evenifyoudonotgetanything;butthereisnochancethat you will fail to get something if you will follow directions, and that somethingmaybethemessage.Youmustlearntodistinguishwhatis themessageandwhatisnotandthereportsyoumakewillhelpyouin this.Thisisoneofthemostdifficultthingsyouwillhavetolearnand youcannotbetoocarefulaboutreportingproperly.Manypeopleget themessagecorrectlyeverytimebutdonotknowhowtorecognizeit. Thisissomethingthatyouwillhavetolearnlargelythroughexperience, by comparing your experiences while relaxed with the reports you sendinandthemessagessenttoyou.Inthiswayyoucanseewhere youhavebeenmakingyourmistakesandlearntoknowwhatisfrom theoutsideandwhatisfromthesenderofthemessage. “While, as I have said, experience will have to be your teacher in this, there are several ways in which you can identify telepathic messageswithafairchanceofsuccess.Forinstance,theywillnotbe associatedwithanyoftheotherthoughtswhichhavepreviouslybeen inyourmind;theywillimpressyouasunfamiliar;willbemoreorless persistent;willbringafeelingofassociationwiththesender,making you,ifyouareverysensitive,feelthesender’spresence;whenyouhave

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Donottry togovernthethoughtswhichcomeintoyourmindunlesstheyshould beunpleasantorundesirable.But. for we shall send nothing of the kind. orevenifthereisnomorethanastrongfeelingofassociationwhich doesnotreachtheextremeofmakingyoufeelhispresence.Takeanythingthatcomes.TheWeltmerExperiment athoughtthatbringsafeelingofthesender’spresence.whenthewarmglowofawakeninghealthgoes alloveryourbody.Youwillnotget intoanyconditionwhereyouwillbeunabletorefuseanythoughts youdonotwant.itwill oftenbetherightone.” 51 .Or.do not under any circumstances accept anything that is in any sense unpleasant.solongasit isnotunpleasant.ifyoucanlearntoknowjustwhenyouhavebecome thoroughlysensitive.andwillthenpickoutyourfirstimpression. and you must learn to protect yourself against the reception of anything of this kind that you may receive from any other source.Besuretoreporteverythoughtthatbringswith itanyfeelingthatthesenderiswithyouorthatyouhavecometohim.that will be the message.

Telepathy 52 .

Weinrich. Ernest Weltmer makes his first report of the Weltmer Experiment.’  (Signed)“John Wilson.Uptodatewehave beenconcernedwithtestingthehypothesisthatany number of people can receive the same message at the same time from one sender.” 53 .asCommittee.theresults of the first four tests.Emma T.Wm. “We.asfollows.Chapter VII Results of the Weltmer Experiment In the November. The message is as follows: ‘Telepathy is a fact. Metz. issue of Weltmer’s Magazine.whichreadsasfollows:  “Sept. irrespective of distance or location. this date.12.andwe herebytestifythathehasnotseenorbeentoldthismessageuntilwe have given it to him at 9 P.Weltmer tosendto‑nighttothereceiversintheTelepathyExperiment.S.1907.A.” He then calls attention to a fac‑simile reproductionofthestatementofthecommitteeselectedfor thefirsttest.Ipresent.haveselectedthismessageforProf. Mr.iftheycaneach onebecomeproperlysensitive.Hesays:“OurgreatTelepathyExperimenthasbeen makingweeklytestssinceSeptember12th. M. 1907.

‘PerfectHealth.Telepathy Mr.show that 310 persons reported according to the requirements.” “Thoughttransference.andexclude. allchanceoffraud. The dated reports.” “LearnTelepathy.asstatedbyMr. Of the messages reported.” “Telepathyisagrandscience.1907.Eachtestiscarriedonwiththesame precautions. give the evidence we gatherapositivescientificvalue.Isawhowtohold mymindforhealth.Weltmer. taken with the papers prepared by the various committees.oneverycount.neckandthroatwheremytroubleis.m.’Ifeltthevibrationsallthroughmyright side.”Thereportshavingsomeapparentconnection withtheactualmessage.andallthesepapersarekepttocomparewiththe reported results.areasfollows: “Impression. ThemessagesentoutonSeptember19. Myfirstconsciousnesswasthesingleword‘Telepathy’ringingthrough mybrain.” “Fellasleepimmediatelyafterrelaxing.” Manyreportswerereceivedhavingnoapparentconnection withthemessagesentout. Ernest Weltmer adds the following footnote to the reproductionoftheabovereport:“Theaboveisaphotographic facsimileofthedocumentpreparedbythecommitteewhich selectedthisfirstmessage.” “MentalHealingisasuccess.” Theresultsofthisfirsttest.” “MentalHealingisafact.” “Healthwentallovermeandmymindwasclear.wasasfollows: “Health is wealth.didnotawakenuntil6a.” “Telepathyisafact.itisproven. the following have more or less resemblancetothemessageactuallysentout: “Telepathyisagrandscience.” 54 .

ErnestWeltmer statesthat:“Shedescribesverywellbothmyfatherandmyself aswesentthemessage.” The message sent out September 26.”“Loverules.hewithtwovialsofroseperfumeandI withavaseoflargepinkroses. exceptbeautifulflowers.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment “A bounding circulation.” TheDecember.1907.ErnestWeltmerathisdeskwithhisfaceburiedin some beautiful pink roses. 55 .butanodor.Mr.” Referringtothislastmentionedreport.” “Godislife.Ihadtheimpressionofthe odorwhileIwaslookingatthemandMr.Thiswasfollowed byadistinctimpressionofseeingyouatyourofficesniffingtheodorof somefluidsubstanceinthetinybottlewhichyouheldinyourhands.” ThemessagesentoutOctober3. was as follows: “God is Love.wasasfollows:“I smell a rose.all.hadperfectrest.” “TheLordismyshepherd.1907.” The reports having some apparent connection withthemessagesentout.Afterward.restfulsleep.issueofWeltmer’sMagazine.Weltmer.” “IclearlysawMr.”Thefollowingreportsseemtohavesomeconnection withthemessage: “Nomessage. his whole attention seemed given to the actofsmellingthelargestoneinthevase.” “Theword‘Love’seemedtobemoreprominentthananythingelse.” “Smelledtheodoroffeverbush.thenperfect health. 1907.areasfollows: “Godisomnipresent.continues thereportoftheexperiment. Seemed to rise and float away. Heard beautifulmusic.

wasasfollows:“A wise head carries a still tongue. 1907. I am growing strong. The message sent out October 24. was as follows: “I have cast fear out of my life and now trust the law of my being.ErnestWeltmerstatesinconnectionwiththisparticulartest that:“Thereseemedtobeatotallackofreceptivityallaround. This was probably due to the fact that it was Thanksgiving and those who did not 56 .1907.”Thistestalso.Telepathy ThemessagesentoutOctober10.1908.” Mr. The message sent out November 21.” “LearntoLove.1907.” Thistestalsofailedtobringsatisfactoryreports.” TheJanuary. perhaps because they did not try.” “Lovethyneighborasthyself. was as follows: “I am hopeful.fillingmewithstrengthandpower.”Thereportshavingsomeapparent connectionwiththemessagesentoutareabsentinthistest.” ThemessagesentoutNovember28. 1907.wasasfollows:“Joy. There were very few who reported receiving any message at all.”Thereportshavingapparentconnectionwith themessagewereasfollows: “GodisLove. was as follows: “Love and Hope.”Abouttheonlyreportseemingtohaveanyconnection withthemessagewasoneasfollows: “Idonotknowhowtodescribeitexceptasafeelingofgloryfilled mybeing. The message sent out October 17.” “GodisLove.1907.andloveforeverybody.” “GodisLove.” “HopeisthekeytoHeaven.failedtobring satisfactoryreports. 1907.issueofWeltmer’sMagazinecontinuesthe reportoftheexperiment. ThemessagesentoutOctober31.wasasfollows:“I dwell in love.

all is well.” “Wearethehappiestpeopleonearth.itwillbeallrightsoon.alliswell.” “Fearnot.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment forget entirely had their minds so occupied with thoughts oftheoccasionthattheywereunabletoconcentrateonthe experiment.”Thereportshavingsomeapparentconnection withthemessageareasfollows: “Fearnot.”Thereportedresultsareasfollows: “Peacebeuntoall.” “Fearnot.” The February.” “Ifeltthepresenceofmanypersons. 1908.” “Health.1907. 1907.” “Fearnot.” “Peacebetoall.” “Peacebeuntothee.” ThemessagesentoutDecember12.‘Don’tbeafraid. 57 .wasasfollows:“Fear not.”Thereportshavinganapparentconnection withthemessageareasfollows: “Isawalargecrowd. the country is safe.healthtothee.alliswell.1907.” “IthoughtIwasinacrowdofpeopleandtherewassometrouble andIsaidtoonefellow. was as follows: “Peace be unto all.littleflock.alliswell. The message sent out December 19.butwe tooknopart.happiness.wasasfollows:“Relax. issue of Weltmer’s Magazine continues thereportoftheexperiment.” “Learntorelaxandgoodwillfollow.” “Peacetoall.” ThemessagesentoutDecember5.” “Ineedfearnoevil.

wasasfollows:“Prosperity awaits you.” and25reportedsomeotherformof“Peace”message.” “AhappyNewYeartoall.bestill.” “Successinmyeffortsasamagnetichealer.wasasfollows:“A happy New Year to all.andabrightertimecomingtoall.” “AhappyNewYeartoall.” “Successtoall.” Inaddition.”Thereportedresultsareasfollows: “Happinessandprosperitytoall.19reportedsomevariationof“Peaceonearth.” “Successtoall.” “HappyNewYeartoall.” “AhappyNewYear.” “Athoughtofpeaceandhealthtoall.” “Healthandprosperitytoallthrough1908.althoughmanyattributed thisthoughttotheassociationsoftheseason.” ThemessagesentoutDecember26. ThemessageforJanuary2.”6reportedsomevariationof“Peace. “Peaceandgooduntoallmen.Ernest Weltmerreportedofthisparticulartestthat:“Altogetherthere waselevenpercentofthereportswhichgavesomepart.andthenaprosperousNew Year.” “CheerandahappyNewYearuntoall.Mr.orall.” “IwishyouallahappyNewYear. goodwilltomen.” 58 . ofthemessage.Telepathy “Peacebeuntoyou.” “Thiswillbeaprosperousyear.” Inadditiontherewere15otherreportsinwhichsomeformof NewYearmessagewasmentioned.1908.”Thereportedresultsareasfollows: “AhappyNewYeartoall.” “Successandpleasuretoall.1907.

alsoLoveOneAnother.” “HealthandSuccess.” “Health.andYouareGrowingStronger.ThenseemedtocomeKnowledgeisyours.andlater atnineo’clock.” “WisdomandHealth.” The messages for January 16.The message sent at seven o’clock was ‘Wisdom is Mine.Thebest reportswereasfollows: “Wisdomismine. were as follows: “All is Right.whether timeanddistancehadanythingtodowithtransmission.’” “InfiniteWisdomisMine.Itwassentfirstatseven.” “Successuntoall.” 59 .thenateight. The message sent out January 9.Onthiseveningadifferentmessagewassentat eachhourforthepurposeofdetermining.”The followingareafewofthebestreportsfollowingthistest: “AllisRight.” “Health.Success.” “YoursforTruth.ifpossible. but did not express it in the proper words.didn’tyou? Seemedtomelikeyoudid. was divided into threeparts.issueofWeltmer’sMagazinecontinuesthereportofthe experiment.”and“Love one another.ErnestWeltmerstates: “BeginningwithJanuaryninththemessagewassentoutatthree differenthours.StrengthandProsperityareyours.” Inadditiontherewere14who“seemedtogettheideapretty well.” “HealthandSuccess.WealthandSuccess. 1908.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment “Successforall. 1908. and ‘Right is Might’isthemessagewhichwassentatnineo’clock.regardingwhichchangeMr.’ At eight o’clock the message ‘Health is Wealth’ was sent.”“You are growing stonger.” “Health. 1908.Youmadeachangeintelepathy.” The March.” “Healthisworthmorethanallelse.

” No strictly correct answers were received.” ThemessagessentoutonJanuary30.wereasfollows: “Mental Healing has come to Stay.ErnestWeltmermakes thefollowinginterestingstatement: “Ihavenoticedthatonthesucceedingnightthereareusuallyalmost as many who receive the message sent on the preceding night as 60 .) “EverythingisO.”“Rejoice with Me.” “SuccessisYours.” ThemessagessentoutonJanuary23.” “TelepathyisProven.Telepathy “AllisWell.1908.TheKingdomisWithin.Sure.wereasfollows: “We are Encouraged:”“I Will Succeed.” “TelepathyisBeneficial.1908.K. although manywerereceivedgivingthethoughtofoneofthemessages.” “Iamallrightandgrowingstronger.” “SuccesswillCrownYou.” “TelepathywillhaveSuccess.” The reports regarding the first message were very vague.” “YouwillRiseorSucceed.” “Success.aswill beseenbelow: “IwillSucceed. but theserelatingtothesecondandthirdaremuchclearer.Mr. the form of expression being different.”and“All is Yours.TheRecognitionofthatPower givesmegreatPeace.” “AllisWell”(Thisreportwassentinby6persons.” Inthisnumberofthemagazine.) “AllisGood. for instance: “Joy and Gladness.”and“Telepathy will Win.”(Thisreportsentinby4persons.” “TelepathyisaSuccess.” “YoushallreceivethatwhichyouareStrivingfor.

” 61 . 1908. Life.whichareperhapsthebest. 1910.Life. was as follows: “God is Love.ThemessagessentoutonFebruary6.” Besidestheabove.and70reportedthe senseofthemessagebutdidnotgetthewordingcorrect.forGodisLoveandHealthandPeace.althoughthere aremanyothersalmostifnotquiteasgood.”Thefollowingwerethebest reports: “GodisLove.were asfollows:“We are growing stronger and better every day. issue of Weltmer’s Magazine contains the account of the tests of February 6.” “Healthisyours.ErnestWeltmerstatesregardingthereportsofthistest: “Besidesthesethree.Itmayhavesomethingtodowiththeretentionofthe messagebelowconsciousnessandtimeconsumedintransmission.27arereportedas“approximatelycorrect both in the sense and the wording of their reports.”Thefollowingresultsarereported: “Youaregrowingstrong.HealthandPeace.” and 84 “reportedthesenseofthemessagesbutnotthewords. respectively.HealthandPeace.” “Beofgoodcheer.Ifthishadhappenedinonly one or two cases I should think nothing of it.”and“Be of good cheer. but since it happens nearlyeverytimeIamledtobelievethattheremaybesomeverygood reasonforit.”“I am well. 1908. 13.” “Becomforted.I amnotpreparedtoventureanexplanationnow.25othersreported the sense and words of the message in whole or in part and maybeconsideredapproximatelycorrect. 20.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment receiveditthenightthatitwassentout. Health and Peace. and 27.” The April.1908.” The message sent out on February 13.” “GodisLife.” Mr.

” Mr.wereasfollows: “All possibilities are mine.Telepathy ThemessagessentoutonFebruary20.Healthismine.” “Letthewordsoftruthandloveleadthee.BeHappy.No onereceivedthemessagecorrectly.” ThemessageofFebruary27.”“All power is mine.” “Truthismighty.althoughmanyhadthesenseverycorrectlyand gotpartofthewordsright.ErnestWeltmersaysofthereports:“Thesethreearethe only ones who reported the words in anything like the right combination.1908.” 62 .andonlyfourandone‑half percentseemedtohaveanyideaofthemeaningofit.Powerismine.wasasfollows:“Youcan dowhatIdowhenyouknowwhatIknow.ErnestWeltmer saysregardingthistest:“Thistestwasalmostatotalfailure.”Mr.”Thereportsareasfollows: “Allismine.1908.Successismine.”and“Truth leads me.and66reportedthemeaningbut notthewordsofthemessage.

 whatever it is. I cannot see what makes the difference.except two or three which have been sent several times and which 63 T Results of the Weltmer Experiment (Continued) . 19. for theyareallofthenaturethatwewouldbeexpectedtosend.I havethoughtoverthequestionfromeverysideandIcannot discover the reason for this…. The first one. I hope that it will soon pass and that we shall begin to make progress again…. 12. respectively.Chapter VIII he May. 1908. is one which would have a strong backing of suggestion from the environment of the receivers andtheseasonoftheyear. Ernest Weltmer made the following statement: “For some unknown reason this month has been theleastsuccessfulofanysincetheexperimentwasstarted. Every one ofthefourmessagessentduringthismonthwouldhavebeen an easy one to receive if its reception had depended upon the suggestions of association.andtheotherthree. Mr. guessing or coincidence.beingfamiliar quotations. and 26. issue of Weltmer’s Magazine gives the results of the tests of March 5. would be as likely to come into the mind of the receiversasanyoftheotherquotationsofthischaracter. especially. but. 1908.

”Theresultswerebutashadebetterthanthoseofthe previousweek.” “Love one another.thatweshall in future endeavor to prevent any committee from selecting either of the following messages:—“God is Love. reported the message correctly.Iinterjectthisnoteinthisplaceforthe benefitofthosereceiverswhocontinuetoreportthemessages mentioned…Thatweshallshortlydiscoverthecauseforour late failures and achieve a much greater success than ever before.”Notonereportedthecorrectanswer.(Iwishtosay. in ordertoavoidtheelementofassociationthatwouldexistin therepeatedmessages. because I am more certain that our successes havebeenduetotelepathyandnothingelse. andonlythreereportsevenfaintlyhintedatthemeaningof themessage. and five others “seemedtocatchitsmeaning.Telepathy arereportedcontinually. although“almostoneandone‑halfpercentofthosereporting seemedtohavesomeideaofwhatwassent. as I have said.Iamingreaterhopesthaneverbefore.1908.” and if anyone ‘receives’ any one or all of these messages.1905.wasasfollows:“Know Thyself.Iamingreater hopesthaneverthatweshallproveourhypothesisthat‘one receivercansendthesamemessagetoanynumberofpeople atthesametime. We endeavor to have messages chosen which have not been sent before. life is earnest. was as follows: “Life is real.” ThemessagesentoutMarch26.theymaybesurethattheyaresuggested by their own expectations and suggestions of associations of ideas and are not true telepathic messages. living in the state of Washington. The message sent out March 19. good will to men.inpassing.” “Peace on earth.wasasfollows:“Awake with Spring to New Life.” One person.wasasfollows:“Truth is mighty and will prevail. ThemessagesentoutMarch12.Iamconfident.’” ThemessagesentoutMarch5.1908.” None seemed to receive it correctly.” 64 . 1908. as so many are in thehabitofdoing.

butnotinthesamewords inwhichitwassent.” A number seemed to catch the general spirit of the message.Thecommitteewasinstructedtochooseinthe 65 .wasasfollows:“Be cheerful. was “Have courage. 1908.althoughnotintheexact wordsofthemessage.1908.”Onereportwasreceivedintheexactwords ofthemessage.” ThemessagesentoutApril9. but none reporteditwithasufficientdegreeofcorrectnesstojustifya “correct”mark.Someofthebestreportsaregivenbelow: “Successiscertain.issueofWeltmer’sMagazinecontainedthe resultsofthetestsofApril2.tomakeachangeintheTelepathyExperiment forthepurposeofdeterminingwhetherourlackofsuccesswas notdue. you can win.youcannotfail.tothenatureofthemessageswewere tryingtosend.respectively.wasasfollows:“Kindness is Godliness.kindandtruehearted.” “Bemerciful.1908. ThemessagesentoutApril16.ErnestWeltmerappeared:“Itwasdecided.1908.youwillsucceed. 1908. IntheJuly.” The message sent out April 23.”Oneandone‑halfpercentofthereportsreceived were in some degree correct.Thefollowingindicatethe“insomedegree correct”answers: “Bekindtoeverylivingthing.givingthewords“cheerfulandhappy. was as follows: “In our own unfettered hands lies our eternal destiny. hopeful and happy.thefollowing statementofMr.on the30thofApril.9.1908.1908.atleast.inpart.”and 15givingtheideainwholeorinpart.16and23.issueofWeltmer’sMagazine.” “Beofgoodcourage. although no absolutely correct reportwasreceived. The message of April 2.one.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment(Continued) TheJune.”Therecordshowsthat35reportswerereceivedindicating thatthemeaninghadbeenreceived.

thesender.pointup.andyellowcrescent.” 66 .” (Thedrawingofthe“key”accompaniedthisreportbearsaverystrong resemblance to the small flag with swallow‑tail ends which was the designselectedbythecommittee.asallIcould makeofthemessagethistimewasflags.” “Asquare. the committee selected a design of twocirclesconnectedbyastraightline. the committee selected the figure of a crescent.Weltmer.) “IthinkImusthavehadaforetasteoftheFourthofJuly. 1908.The designselectedwasadrawingofasmallflagandwhenthiswas giventoProf.withakey. 1908.boxesandthelike. some simple geometrical design. theideaofwhichthesenderwastotransmittothereceivers withouttheirknowing“thatanychangehadbeenmade.” On May 14.” “Twomenfacingeachotherwithsomethingbetweenthem.headdedtoitasmallcross.” “ClingtotheCrossisasymbolofChrist.theflagmeanspeace.Telepathy place of the usual sentence. On May 7.thefigureresembling thefamiliar“dumb‑bell.” Thefollowingreportsrelatingtothistestwerereceived: “Isawashippassingnearshore.Onthe sidetotheshorewasanenclosurepaintedwhite.” “Pairofbalances. The following reports were considered to have an apparentrelationtothedesignselected: “Amarkintheshapeofarainbow.”Thefollowingweretheonlyreports received having any apparent resemblance to the selected design: “Tadpole.Itwasinadisabledcondition.” Severalothersreportedthattheyhadreceivedgeometrical figures.” “Apinkoblongbreast‑pin.

Thefollowingreports indicatearelationtotheselecteddesign: “Lookingthroughaninstrumentatthestars.” “Anarrow.’” “Hopeasananchorofthesoul.” OnJune4.1908.Isawasailorcastingananchorwhich seemedlikeflame. 1908.Theskywasapparentlyaflame.” OnJune11.Starsappearedin theflameandseemedneartheearth.whichmightalsobedescribedasa“tripod” or an “arrow-shaped” figure.1908thedesignselectedwasa“double triangle” arrangedintheformofasix-pointed star.1908.and18.” “Ananchorwithmotto‘HealthandHappiness.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment(Continued) On May 21. The design selected May 28.” “Starandring. the committee selected the figure of an anchor. was a triangular shaped geometricalform.” “Abeautifulforest. 1908.” “Trianglewithcirclethroughit.” “Aplow‑share.respectively.containsthe reportofthetestsofMay28.” TheAugustissueofWeltmer’sMagazine.11.June4. The following reports have a close relation to the selecteddesign: “Ananchor.thedesignselectedwasa carpenter’s square.” “Theskywasfullofstarsandtheneverythingwassobright.1908.” “Abigbrightstar. The following reports indicate a relationtotheselecteddesign: “Atriangleaboutfiveinchesfromcornertocorner. Thefollowingreportsindicatearelationtotheselecteddesign: 67 .

 which would be pointing.” 68 . 1908. This thought was keptinmindmoreorlessduringtheprogressofhisspeech.withallthefingersclosedexcept the index finger. respectively.1908. The following reports indicate a relation to the selectedimage: “Severalhandspointing.issueofWeltmer’sMagazinecontains the report of the tests of June 25. Ohio. July 2. the design selected was a circle. When the time came to send the message he was speakingtotheconvention.Telepathy “AlargesteelsquareanditseemedthatIwasholdingitinmyhand.and whenhehadfinishedhefeltthatmanyshouldhavereceived the message.Hehaddecidedbeforegoingonto the platform that he would impress upon the minds of the receiversthe sight of his hand. 16 and 23.” “Thecircle.1908. The followingreportsindicatearelationtotheselecteddesign: “Circlewithadotatitscenter. 9.” “Acircleofbrightspots.” Anumberofothersreportedaballorsimilarobject.” “Ayoungmanpointingfingertoforehead. The diamondorsquareseemedtogivethedeepestimpression.” “It seems the figure must have been an angle of some kind. 1908.Weltmerwasattendingameetingof theOhioAssociationofSuggestiveTherapeuticsinColumbus. OfthetestofJune25.” “Circle.’” On June 18. TheSeptember.” “Awhirlingcircleofvibratoryforcewhichtooktheformofafunnel.Mr.ErnestWeltmerstates:“On thenightofJune25th.” “Whirlingdiscwithaholeinthecenter. focusawayfromme.” “Theletter‘L.Prof.

” “Several times this design (a circle enclosing a cross) came to my mind. 1908.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment(Continued) “Twohandsholdingavase.1908.andwitha dotinthecentreofthegroup).anda‘B’after. the design selected was somewhat complicated.” “Fellasleepanddreamedofacirclewithdotsinthering.Thereportedresultswereasfollows: “Astrongimpressionofasquareandtwocircles.” 69 .ErnestWeltmer. a cross being drawn over the square and extending to the circumference of the circle.” “A circle the size of a silver dollar.thedesignselectedwas“A wheel within a wheel.eachenclosedwithintheonelarger.” “ReceivedthepictureinwhiteofaMalteseCrossanddreamedofa ring.connectedatfouroppositepoints.adds:“Thisistheonlyonewhoreported theletter‘A’butthereweremanywhosentdrawingsoftriangles whichweresolikeitinformastobealmostsuccesses.”Thereported resultsofthistestareasfollows: “Sawtheletter‘A’standoutinboldrelief.thedesignselectedwasthe capital letter “A.’” “Acircleinsideofacircle.” OneJuly16. 1908. beinga large circle in the centre of which was a square.” On July 9. Weltmer addressing a number of persons. On July 2. the inside filled with designs of somethingIhadneverseen.” Severalothersreportedthattheyhadreceivedanimpression of Prof.”Thereportedresultsareasfollows: “Isawacircleandtheletter‘X.” Mr.” “A series of circles something like that (accompanied by a sketch showingfourcircles.

”Thereportedresultsfollow: “Therewassuchaquietandpeacefulwave.Anumberof othersreportedthegeneralsenseofthemessage. The October.1908:“When in doubt.13. The message for August 6.” Othersreportedthegeneralmeaningofthemessage.Telepathy On July 23. and the following message was sent out: “Determination conquers difficulties.butinother words.wasasfollows:“Every act is an act of faith. the committee again resumed the “word” message. 1908.” “Nevergiveup.1908.” “Benotdiscouraged.” ThemessageforAugust13.1908.’” One report gave the exact words. ThefollowingmessagewassentoutJuly30.” “IheardthewordCourage. Ernest Weltmer hesitated to admit the report owing to the factthatthepostmarkonthereportwasblurred.butin differentwordsandformsofexpression. issue of Weltmer’s Magazine contains thereportofthetestsofJuly30.and27.” 70 .20.” “Courage. respectively.butcoulddistinguishnothingmore. 1908. was as follows: “Courage.” “Faithisdynamic.anddeterminationon myparttoconquer. say ‘I Can. 1908.” “Courage.orCourage. but Mr.fearnot.August6.”Thefollowingresultswerereported: “Faithisthebasisofallactions.” Theresultsareasfollows: “Courage.

 1908.wasasfollows:“Faith brings knowledge. “Iwillwinout.”Thistestwasalsoafailure.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment(Continued) ThemessageforAugust20. 1908.expressedin otherwords.” The reports show that six persons reported in the exact wordsofthemessage.1908. 71 .”Twopersonsreportedthemessageinthe exact words. The message for September 17.wasasfollows:“I will find a way or make one.” “IcandowhatIwill. Manyothersreportedthemeaning.1908.onlytwocouldbejudged toshowanyparticularsensitiveness.asonlythreeshowedany greatdegreeofsensitivenessandnonereportedthemessage correctly.” “Whatyouwilltodoyoucando.and22.”(2personsreportedthis).wasasfollows:“Faith is belief in action. was as follows: “I will succeed. respectively.1908.”Theresultswereasfollows: “IcanandIwilldoit.”Theresultswereasfollows: “Iwillsucceed.asoutof363reportsreceived.1908. 17. 1908. and 24. TheNovember. was as follows: “All is well.1908. TheDecember.8.15. ThemessageofAugust27.issueofWeltmer’sMagazinecontainsthe reportofthetestsofOctober1.issueofWeltmer’sMagazinecontained a report of the tests of September 3.1908.” “Icansucceed. ThemessageofSeptember3.ErnestWeltmerconsideredthistestacomplete failure.wasasfollows:“I can and I will do it now.1908.”Mr.respectively. 10.” The message of September 24.” ThemessageofSeptember10.

Message:“All is well.” “Ideaoflight.1908.” “HealthismineandIshallattainit.1909. issue of Weltmer’s Magazine gives the reportofthetestsfromOctober29.”Thistestwasafailurenoreportsbeing correctornearlyso.Seekthelightoftruth.” “Healthiswhatweseek.1910.” “Thethoughtthattruthwillbeandisalighttome. be content. 72 .” “Iwantperfecthealth.wasasfollows:“Truth is light.”Onereport wasintheexactwordsofthemessage.” Theresultwasasfollows: “Godislight.”Theresultswereasfollows: “Mystrengthisall‑sufficient.1908.”Theresultswereasfollows: “Iwantperfecthealth.” ThemessageofOctober15.” ThemessageforOctober8.Thesereportsarestatedbrieflyasfollows: October29.” “Iseekperfecthealth. was as follows: “I seek perfect health. 1909. 1908.wasasfollows:“The power of the Infinite is mind.andoneothernearlyso (“Life.1908.Message:“Life’s music is health.1908.toFebruary4.”Fifteen reportswerecountedaspracticallycorrect.wasasfollows:“My strength is all-sufficient.Telepathy ThemessageofOctober1.” “Iwantperfecthealth. inclusive.1908.” “Allislight.” “Strengthisgiventoalltobearourburden.” The March.musicandhealth”). November5. The message of October 22.

 Message: “I am able to do anything I want to do.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment(Continued) November12.1908. Message: “Mind is the only power.”Onereportapproximatelycorrect. Message: “I am one with all love and power. the true.1909. 1909.consideringthelengthofthemessage.ErnestWeltmersays.Iamhealth. Message: “I am filled with good cheer. 1909. issue of Weltmer’s Magazine was its last number.”Nonereportedcorrectly. Message: “I will strive to see only the good.notonereportbeingcorrect.Iampower.”Threepersons reportedcorrectly. Message: “He who loves his fellow man is loving God the holiest way he can. 1908. 1908. Iamstrength. for that magazine was then consolidated with the 73 . January28.1908.”Tworeportswerereceivednearlycorrect. December24. November 19.”Mr.” Nonereportedcorrectly.1908. December17.Message:“I love my fellow men because I can.” One person reportedinalmosttheexactwords.” Two reports were correct.Message:“I wish that every person in the world could know the Christ within themselves. December 3. 1908.” January7.”and“Iamlove.Message:“It rained to-day.”One personreportedthemessage“approximatelycorrectly.” November 26.” One person reported correctly. 1909. the beautiful.regardingthis test. and happy.Message:“Love toward all things warms my heart. 1908.” Twopersonsreportedcorrectly. February4.Message:“I will be strong.twoofthereceiversreportedthismessage correctly—thatis.theygaveitssenseandthelargerpartofits wording. in each person and thing that lies in my path this year. January 21.asfollows:“I amonewithallpower. December 31. which was deemed remarkable.” January 14.“strangetosay. and thought the only force in the universe.”Thistestwasafailure. brave. The March.1909.1909.Message:“I live and love because I can.

ratherthanofthedesireto“makegood”atanycost. and often decides cases againstthesuccessoftheExperimentwhenothersmighthave admitted the proof.Health.Butastheresultsarepractically thesameasthosereportedintheprecedingchapters.suchasRed.Hat.and beopentothedangerofdeceptiononthepartoftherecipients.andinto1910. such as Courage.Thisisparticularlytrueof someofthelatermessages. Strength. the Telepathy Department being continued. and the particular advantages possessed by the experimenters(theestablishedcircleofreaders. reading over the detailed reports issued from month to month by Mr. Intheopinionofthewriter. He refuses to accept reports when there is a possibility of doubt.andisstillinoperationatthedateof thepresentwriting(July. He reports complete failures as readily as he does those of marked success. is struck by the spirit of frankness and fairness manifested by that gentleman. It is the first experiment along this particular phase of telepathy.1910).itseems uselesstorecountthetestsatfurtherlength.Itwouldseemthatwordsindicating some particular and clear concept. nevertheless the results of the Weltmer Experiment must be seriouslyandthoughtfullyconsideredbyallinvestigatorsofthe subject.and patients) must be taken into account.Book.ofnecessity.or someparticularobject.ineachpersonand 74 . Whilethescientificinvestigatormayfeelconstrainedtohold thatanyexperimentconductedwithalargenumberofpeople inallpartsofthecountrymust. wouldbemuchbetterthansuchmessagesas:“Iwillstriveto seeonlythegood. and in every way gives evidenceofthepossessionof“thescientificspirit”andthelove oftruth.orthoseindicatingsomeparticularcolor. Love.thebeautiful.Telepathy “New Thought” magazine. One.students.Green. Ernest Weltmer.thetrue.orHorse.lacksomeofthe rigidconditionsofthetestsofthepsychologicallaboratory.andoftenfartoolong.the“messages”ofthecommittee wereoftenpoorlyselected.Thereportsoftheexperimentcontinuedduringthe yearof1909.inmanycasesbeingtooinvolvedor complicated.

 andalsothatapermanentrecordofthetestsmaybehad.decidedlyunfairtothe “receivers.Considerablespacehasbeengiven totheminthislittlebook.thatothersmayprofitbythestrong points and avoid the weak points indicated by the reports.”or“Iwishthateveryperson intheworldcouldknowtheChristwithinthemselves.Itistobehopedthatthosewhofollowwillremember togivefullcredittothepioneerworkperformedintheirbehalf. 75 .”Thislast mentionedclassofmessagesis.”andtotheExperiment.The Weltmer Experiment is the pioneer which is blazing a path throughthewoods.alongwhichpathothersmayfollowinthe future.infact.ResultsoftheWeltmerExperiment(Continued) thingthatliesinmypaththisyear. TheWeltmerExperimentwillprobablybefollowedbyothers alongthesamegenerallines.

Telepathy 76 .

Thetheoristwhodreamsarainbowdream.Chapter IX The Theories It has been well said that “Theories are but mighty soap‑ bubbles. Addssolidtreasuretothepublicwealth. Andcallsthehypothesisphilosophy. Philosophytheharmonyoffacts.withwhichthegrown‑upchildrenamusethemselves. Andfromthefactdeducesprinciple.Harrishassaid: “Thesimplepeasantwhoobservesatruth.” As ThomasL.” Toomanythinkersdevotesomuchtimetothecreationand supportoftheoriesthattheylosesightoftherealfactslying aroundlooseoneverysideofthem. Factsarethebasisofphilosophy.” 77 .Atthebest.atheoryshould be regarded as but a “working hypothesis”—a “supposition orprincipleassumedortakenforgrantedinordertodrawa conclusion or inference of the point in question”—“a theory assumed to account for something not understood. Seenintheirrightrelation. Atbestisbutapaperfinancier Whopalmshisspeciouspromisesforgold.

andthattherealtheoryisyet tobeunfolded.sodothe vibrations of thought create ether‑waves which travel until theycomeincontactwiththebrainormindofanotherperson and are then transformed into thought vibrations. letustakeabriefglanceattheleadingtheoriesofthetheorists. electricity and magnetism produce wavesintheetherofspacewhicharethencarriedtodistant pointswheretheyreproducetheoriginalvibrations. anddonotwastetimefightingabouttheories.Telepathy And so it is in relation to the facts of telepathy. heat. Inorderthatthereadermayknowwhatworkinghypotheses havebeenadvancedtoaccountforthephenomenaoftelepathy.So. This idea has received support from the physiological fact that there is noticed a perceptible increase in the temperature of the brain during periods of thought‑activity. and that there are knowntobechemicalchangesinthebrain‑substanceduring the process of thought—which would seem to indicate the manifestation of power. One may accept any one of the several theoriesadvancedtoaccountforthephenomenaoftelepathy— onemayevenrefusetoacceptanyofthesetheories—andstill “believein”telepathy. energy or force of some kind. In the first place we have the theory most commonly advanced—thetheoryofthought‑wavesintheether.Itispossible—andextremelyprobable— that the several theories regarding telepathy may be found afteralltobebutmereguesses.toallstudentsandinvestigatorsoftelepathy. Scientists freely 78 .Youwill find this particular theory forcibly stated in the quotations fromeminentscientistswhichappearinthefirstfewchapters ofthislittlebook. The idea has also been strengthened by the recent discoveries in wireless telegraphy many writers freey using the latter as an illustration of the manifestation of telepathy. It is not necessarytoacceptanyparticulartheoryoftelepathyinorder to accept the facts. Iwouldsay:Useanytheoryasbutaworkinghypothesisand notasanestablishedlaworprinciple—stickclosetothefacts.Itisheldbythesethinkersthatjustasthe vibrations of light.

000.dark.000.” And. 3. wherelightceases.”whichhasfound favorwithagreatnumberofpersons. Williams says: “There is no gradation between the most rapid undulations ortremblingsthatproduceoursensationsofsound. Ether transmitsthoughtvibrationstoeverypartofitsmass. there being immense gaps in the scale which evidentlybelongtosomevibratoryforcesasyetunknownto us.000.orSubliminalMind.Prof.Forinstance.wideenoughto includeanotherworldofmotion.000. and the infinity ofrangebeyond700.particularlywiththose interested in Psychic Research or the popular metaphysical 79 .”etc.000and 400.000.alllyingbetweenourworld ofsoundandourworldofheatandlight. The second popular theory of telepathy is that of the “Subjective.Ether.000vibrationspersecond.Mind. There isahugegapbetweenthem. Prof. fills all space.ElishaGraysays:“Thereismuchfoodfor speculationinthethoughtthatthereexistsoundwavesthat nohumanearcanhear.Thelong.andcolorwavesoflightthatnoeye cansee.orthatsuchactivitymaynotgiveriseto intermediatesensations.The readerwillnoticethatthe“WeltmerHypothesis”isbasedon thisideaofwavesintheether.thefollowingstatementthereof beingunmistakable:“1.producesvibrationsinether.soundlessspacebetween40.” I shall not go into further detail regarding this particular theory.fortheeminentscientists quotedelsewhereinthebookgiveaclearer.strongerandbetter presentationofitthanthepresentwritercouldhopetodo. M.000 vibrations per second.whichisthemostpopularone.TheTheories admitthatthereisaplaceforthought‑vibrationsinthescale of vibrations.capableofbeing set into vibrations by mental activities.000.intheuniverseofmotion.makesitpossible to indulge in speculation.2.andthe slowestofthosewhichgiverisetooursensationsofgentlest warmth.actinginthenormalcapacityof thinking.Subconscious.providedthereareorgansfortaking upandsensifyingthesemovements. M.andthereisnogood reasonwhateverforsupposingthatmatterisincapableofsuch intermediateactivity.

Itmustberemembered. without alsoacceptingthe“subconscious”theoryoftelepathy.thatonemayaccept the “below‑consciousness” mind or phase of mind. without necessity for thought‑waves in the ether.nevertheless. Thoughts sent by the subconsciousness come to the consciousness of the senderonlyincidentallyornotatall. in his well‑known work.both as to the sending and receiving of messages.Iaskyoutoconsider the statement of Mr.”didmuchtomakepopularthisparticular theory of telepathy. Ernest Weltmer. who. Hudson.though.theremustbenatural communicationbetweenthe“below‑consciousness”mindsof individuals.plainlystates: “Telepathyisafunctionofthedeeper.Messagesreceivedbythe subconsciousness arise to the consciousness of the receiver while his mind is in a condition which places the ordinary sensorythoughtsinthebackground.Norisit necessarytoignorethe“subconscious”evenwhileacceptingthe thought‑wavetheory.andabout this “below‑consciousness” mind.andastheresultofthe transmitted vibrations causing a movement or condition in thereceiver’smindsimilartothatwhichinthesender’smind producedconsciousness.and(3)that. to which I must refer the reader.subconsciousmind.” Thomson J.therefore. “The Law of PsychicPhenomena. His views may be gathered from the following quotation from the said work: “There is inherent in mankind the power to communicate thoughts to others 80 .Asproofofthislast. Therehasbeenmuchwrittenregardingthistheory. This theory is based upon the hypothesis that (1) there exists in each individual a “mind” or phase of mind belowthethresholdofconsciousness. while advancing the“waveintheether”hypothesis. themeansandprinciplesofsuchcommunicationbelongingto metaphysicsratherthantophysicsandthereforenotcoming underthephysicallawsgoverningmatterandforce.Telepathy movement.and(2)thatthis“below‑ consciousness” mind of each individual is in psychic touch and connection with the similar mind of each and every otherindividual.

Thusnearrelativesareoftenestfoundtobe incommunion. Communications of this character betweencomparativestrangersareapparentlyrare.orsubjectiveminds.Bethisasitmay.areen rapport.Now telepathy is primarily the communion of subjective minds. but it is certain that it is held betweenthosewho.ofmen cananddohabituallyholdcommunicationwithoneanother whennottheremotestperceptionofthefactiscommunicated totheobjectiveintelligence.evenbetween strangers. Thisfactmaynotbeperceivedbythesubject.fromanycause.TheexperimentsoftheSocietyabovenamedhave demonstrated this fact.foritmaynot riseabovethethresholdofhisobjectiveconsciousness….especiallywhenthepersonalinterestorwelfareof eitheragentorpercipientisatstake. for the purposesofthisargument. therefore.asisshownbythecomparativefrequencyof telepathiccommunicationsbetweenrelatives.The second proposition is that a state of perfect passivity on the 81 .Itmaybethatsuchcommunion is not general among men.Thefacts recorded by the Society for Psychical Research demonstrate thatproposition.Fromthese casesitseemsfairtoinferthatthesubjectivemindsofthose who are deeply interested in one another are in habitual communion. It will be assumed.thattelepathiccommunioncanbe establishedbetweentwosubjectivemindsatthewillofeither. The reason of the apparent rarity of its manifestationisthatitrequiresexceptionalconditionstobring itsresultsabovethethresholdofconsciousness.TheTheories independentlyofobjectivemeansofcommunication….itiscertain thattelepathiccommunicationcanbeestablishedatwillbythe consciouseffortofoneorbothoftheparties.Ofcourse theonlymeanswehaveofjudgingthesethingsisbytherecord ofthecasesinwhichthecommunicationshavebeenbrought totheobjectiveconsciousnessofthepercipients.Nextinfrequencyarecommunications between intimate friends. or rather it is the normal means of communication between subjective minds.Thereisevery reasontobelievethatthesouls.givingwarning ofsicknessorofdeath.

 within that Principle—some have called this “the circulation of mind.oranyothermaterialforce. It is universally known to be true. waves. that passivity on thepartofthesubjectistheprimaryconditionnecessaryfor theproductionofanypsychicphenomenon.Telepathy partofthepercipientisthemostfavorableconditionforthe reception of telepathic impressions or communications. Granted this fundamental premise.forthepurposeofallowingthesubjective mindtoreceiveimpressionsandtoactuponthem.thepresentwriterhas saidinanotherwork:“InthedepthsoftheOceanofMindthere isquietandcalmandpeace—theembodimentoflatentpower and potential energy.” Ishallnotattempttoenlargeuponthattheory. On its surface are ripples. whirlpools.fortherewould benoneedofanymediumofcommunicationotherthanMind itself. or being. currents. from which may be drawn that which the human centres of consciousnessandpowerrequire. great movements of energy. more particularly by those who hold the philosophical viewthatthereisagreatUniversalMindPrincipleinwhichthe universe and all its constituent parts appear as ideas. all mental and physical power emerges—and to its bosom all must return. images.the moreperfectlywillthesubjectivemindperformitsfunctions.foritbelongs 82 .” Such communication could be had without the necessity of wavesintheether. And from the depths of that Ocean of Mind.OfthisUniversalMindPrinciple.whentheylearnthesecret. or appearances. It needsnoargumenttoestablishthetruthofthisproposition.Passivitymeans simplythesuspensionofthefunctionsoftheobjectivemind forthetimebeing. it would naturallyfollowthattherecouldbecommunicationbetween particular centres of consciousness. eddies—phases of fierce tempest alternating with phases of calm and quiet.” Thethirdtheoryisheldbyanumberofthinkersalongthese lines.Themore perfectlytheobjectiveintelligencecanbeheldinabeyance. AndinthatOceanofMindthereisaninfinitestoreofenergy. by all who have given the slightest attention to psychological science.

83 .TheTheories moreproperlytothefieldofphilosophyandmetaphysicsthan tothatofpsychology. ifwewish—letusregardtheoriesasbuttemporarymakeshifts.and nofavor—inshort.butbeeveronthelookoutforfactsnomatter bywhomofferedorbywhatnamecalled—and. But.investigateandexperiment.aboveall.afterall.Thenexttwentyyearswillwitnessgreatadvances.allofwhich willbeofusetothosewhofollowthem.study.Imerelymentionitherethatitmaybe taken into consideration by those studying and investigating thephenomenaoftelepathy.Thepioneershaveblazedafew pathshavemadeafewsuccessesandafewfailures.letusthink.letus keeptheopenmindandthedispositiontograntafairfield.whydwellupontheories?Thereisagreatfield offactsawaitingtheinvestigatoroftelepathy. untiltheyareproventobelawsorprinciples—letuswelcome truthwhereverfound—letuscarenaughtfornamesandhigh‑ soundingclaims.a“squaredeal”—toallhonestandsincere investigation.Thereisroomfortheearnestworkerand investigator—we are as yet only in the kindergarten stage of telepathy.Perhapsthislittlebook willservetointerestsomeonewhomayinafteryearsbeoneof thosewhowillbringorderoutofchaosinthiswonderfulfield ofhumanthought.Thesurfacehas merelybeenscratchedasyet. Finis.In themeantime.

Telepathy 84 .

Telepathy: Its Theory. 85 .IL: NewThoughtPublishingCompany.1910.Bibliography Atkinson. Facts and Proof.Chicago.WilliamWalker.

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