GENDER AND SOCIAL INCLUSION (GESI) ACTION PLAN & ACHIEVEMENT

IN SECOND SMALL TOWNS

WATER SUPPLY & SANITATION SECTOR PROJECT (SSTWSSSP), NEPAL
Presented by: Ramdeep Sah, Project Director, SSTWSSSP March, 2012

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Sub Regional Workshop on Gender and Poverty in South Asia, Colombo, Srilanka

(26th-28th March 2012)
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

CONCEPTS FOLLOWED IN PROJECT DESIGN:

Co-financing, Cost Sharing and Cost Recovery for the development of Water Supply and Sanitation facilities. Service level as per the choice and affordability of users (fully plumbed or yard connection or community tap) Empowerment and capacity building and full involvement of users in decision-making at each stage: town project study, formulation, implementation and O&M. Assurance of transparency through the direct involvement of users in decision making process and financial matters. Assurance of female representation in all activities of the project. Develop DSCs, local NGOs, CBOs and the private sector as partner organizations. Use the concept of the Community Management.

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Institutional development in the operation and maintenance of water supply systems .
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PROJECT OVERVIEW
Project Cost: $ 71.7 million including a grant of 45.1 from ADB. (OBA Components $ 1.3 million)

Expected impacts: Improved health , economic and environmental living conditions of people in 20 small towns.
Expected outcome: Improved, affordable, and sustainable water supply and sanitation services which are governed and managed by locally accountable representative bodies. Project scope: 24-hour quality water supply services to 240,000 people in 20 small towns. Sanitation services to 270,000 people (100% coverage)—such as private latrines, public toilets, wastewater management facilities, and storm water drainage EA: Ministry of Physical Planning and Works with sub-project execution delegated to the Department of Water Supply and Sewerage Project Duration: 2009 - 2015
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EXPECTED OUTPUTS
Developing an Efficient, Effective, and Accountable Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Sector  Developing Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities  Strengthening Governance and Capacity for Project Management and Operation

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EXPECTED GESI OUTCOMES

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Formation and implementation of gender and socially inclusive laws and regulations Capacity building of WUSCs, Women and Dalits, minority groups etc. as well as DWSSDO through training and awareness programs Development of a Project Performance Monitoring System and disaggregated data of town projects Output- Based Aid(OBA) mechanism to ensure services to the urban poor and vulnerable groups 12,000 Households targeted through OBA for water supply and sanitation connections Reduction of water and sanitation related diseases Project GESI Outcome Indicator: Reduced time for fetching water (essentially to zero in all towns) by 2015
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WHAT IS OBA?

OBA is a PPP strategy of government providing explicit performance-based grants (subsidies) to private sector partners to support delivery of basic services to underprivileged and poor households where policy concerns justify public funding to subsidize connection costs which compliments or replaces user charges. Subsidies are provided only when the delivery of specific services of “outputs”(e.g. piped house connection for water supply and access to improved sanitation) have been confirmed by an independent verification agent. Service providers (WUSCs, Suppliers, Contractors etc.) need to pre-finance expenditure for the provision of agreed service delivery- this provides strong incentive to achieve agreed “outputs” in an efficient manner. One tool among results based financing 7

GESI ACTION PLAN TO FACILITATE GESIRESPONSIVE GOVERNANCE AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN WSS SECTOR (1)

Component 1: Developing Efficient, Effective, and Accountable Urban Water Supply and Sanitation

Gender responsive and socially inclusive water supply and sanitation standards:

Inclusion of gender equality and social inclusion approaches in the implementation of existing laws/regulations: GESI in Urban WSS Policy Formulation of new laws, policies, and guidelines (Water Supply & Sanitation Umbrella Act)
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GESI ACTION PLAN(2)
Component 2: Developing Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities / Improved Participation of Women and Marginalized Groups
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Selection of project service areas using participatory and inclusive approaches:

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Socio-economic surveys and consultations with water user groups including Dalits, women, Janajatis, religious minorities) Collection of data disaggregated by sex, caste, and ethnicity during socioeconomic surveys Awareness raising on project approaches and participation for women and vulnerable groups Involvement of WUSC, communities, urban poor & vulnerable groups during feasibility studies, design selection process

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GESI ACTION PLAN(3)

Pro-poor and gender sensitive approaches in WUSC operations:
Include women and vulnerable groups in training, decision-making and O&M of water supply system and monitoring  Effective implementation of OBA: 75% poor households connected to piped water supply and sanitation systems

Ensure representation of women and vulnerable groups in WUSCs:

WUSCs with 33% women members and at least one woman in a key position; marginalized groups appropriately represented
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GESI ACTION PLAN(4)

Select local NGOs with inclusive staff composition for:
Social mobilization  Improving capacity of women and vulnerable groups through training for active involvement in the decision making process of O&M of WSS systems

Provide equal employment opportunity to poor women/men in construction works
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Equal wage paid for equal work 50% women and vulnerable groups in sanitation and solid waste management programs

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GESI ACTION PLAN(5)
Component 3: Strengthening Governance and Capacity for Project Management & Operation

Strengthening Gender-responsive Governance and Institutional Gender Capacity
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Appoint GESI Officer (government counterpart) in DWSS Hire gender/social development officers in PMO & WSSDO Develop GESI training manual/guidelines Provide 1-day training workshop to PMO and WSSDO teams on gender equality and social inclusion Develop PPMS that includes sex, caste, and ethnicity disaggregated data and information Develop GESI implementation plan for each town project Conduct social audits by involving Dalits, Janajatis, gender mainstreaming coordination committees of DDC, and others

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ACHIEVEMENTS(1)
GESI Action Plan for Project Preparatory Phase was prepared and implemented.  GESI training manual and guidelines are prepared to implement the GESI Action Plan  24 town projects are selected through a participatory approach.  Participation in Project selection:
Janajatis : 31%,  Dalits :10%  Brahmans/Chhetris: 59%  Female: 38% & Male: 62%
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Baseline/ disaggregated data and information has been collected through social surveys and profiles. 13

ACHIEVEMENTS(2)
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PPMS has been established and data entry disaggregated by sex, caste and ethnicity is on-going (DMF target). WUSC composition in 11 Town projects (98 members). Distribution by Caste and Ethnicity
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Janajatis : 26% Dalits : 6% Brahmans/Chhetris: 68% Females: 37% (DMF Target 33%) Males : 63%

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One female social mobilizer is deployed in each PISU office. Key Professionals in LNGO
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Males: 88% Females :12% Males: 45% Females : 55%
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Community Mobiliser
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ACHIEVEMENTS(3)

WUSC Orientation training
Females: 30%  Males: 70%

Three Social Development Officers (two females and one male) have been designated in PMO for M&E of all small towns projects activities. (DMF Target)  Urban WSS policy includes and interrelates GESI  GESI Action Plan for Construction Phase has been prepared and will be implemented in all small town projects

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CHALLENGES
Disaggregated data collection of the poor, marginal, ethnic, Janajatis, Dalits, women etc.  Operationalization of OBA mechanism to ensure services to poor HHs.  Political interference  Socio-economic structure of the country  Institutional strengthening of WUSCs  Low participation of vulnerable & poor groups in project meetings and decision making process due to their other basic needs.

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LESSONS LEARNED: HOW TO PROMOTE GESIRESPONSIVE GOVERNANCE AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN WSS SECTOR
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GESI included in Urban WSS Policy GESI guidelines and action plan prepared at the project level Provision of OBA mechanism and OBA implementation guidelines prepared based on socio-economic surveys to identify vulnerable groups Involvement of LNGOs in all town projects for social mobilization and capacity building for improved participation and leadership of women and marginalized groups in WUSCs Ensure representation of women and vulnerable groups in WUSCs with designated targets Establishing PPMS with disaggregated data collection for proper monitoring and accountability Appointing GESI Officers in DWSS, PMO and WSSDOs with gender capacity building programs planned at different stages of project implementation at all levels
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SOME PHOTOGRAPHS

Four Party Agreement Interaction At Indrapur
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INTERACTION WITH LNGOS STAFFS

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Four Party Agreement Interaction At Damak

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MASS MEETING DURING FOUR PARTY AGREEMENT AT DAMAK

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WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN TRAINING PROGRAM (1)

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WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN TRAINING PROGRAM (1)

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