Basic Searching

The search box that library staff and library patrons will see most often is the persistent search box at the top of the page. Koha interprets the searches as keyword searches.

To start a search, you enter a word or multiple words in the search box. When a single word is entered, a keyword search is performed. You can check this out by typing one word into the form and note the number of results located. Then, repeat the search with a minor change. In front of the search word, type 'kw=' followed by the same search term. The results will be identical. When you have more than one word in the search box, Koha will still do a keyword search, but a bit differently. Each word will be searched on its own, then the Boolean connector 'and' will narrow your search to those items with all words contained in matching records. Suppose you want to find material about how libraries are using mashups. You'll select the major words and enter them into the persistent search box.

The response to this search is: The order of the words does not affect the retrieval results, so you could also enter the search as "mashups library". The response to this search is results Too many words in the search box will find very few matches, as the following example illustrates:

Advanced Searching
When you can't find the most appropriate material with a general search, you can move to the Advanced Search page by clicking on the Search option on the persistent toolbar.

format. Note: If you leave this expandedSearchOption set to 'don't show'. The first limiting section on the Advanced Search page provides a quick and simple way to use the Boolean operators in your search. 'or'. limit by subtypes audience. you can click the [+] to add another line for your search. If you have more concepts you want to include in your search. The options are 'and'. In this section you can choose among the many indexes by clicking on the arrow in the first box. or additional content types. content. you would again choose the index to search. by location and by availability.The Advanced Search page offers many ways to limit the results of your search. The 'not' operator excludes records with the term that follows the operator. The blank box that follows is where you enter your first search term or terms. followed by the second term or terms. The 'and' operator narrows the results you'll retrieve because the search will retrieve the records that include all your search terms. remember the action of each operator. A sample search is shown next. limit by year and language. limit by item type. OR. You can search using the Boolean operators AND. followed by its results: When you use the Boolean operators to broaden or narrow a search. you can choose the Boolean operator you want to use in your search. Note that this display depends on a system preference setting. and 'not'. and NOT. On the second line. Then. The option called expandedSearchOption must be set to 'show' to see the following display. this is the display you will see: . The 'or' operator expands the results because the search will look for occurrences of all of your search terms. This option can be found on the Administration > System Preferences > Searching page.

you can choose how the results will be sorted. by title. You will type the year. by call number. . by dates. year range. or a 'greater than (>)' or 'less than (<)' year. Either check a box or select from the drop down menus to narrow your search. If you would prefer a different default sort. or by popularity. Finally. The pre-defined sort options are in the final area of the Advanced Search screen. although you can choose to sort by author. The default sort is by relevance. you can set defaultSortField to one of the other choices in Administration > System Preferences > Searching.The Advanced Search page then shows the multiple kinds of limits that can be applied to your search results.

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