Ahmed Shahnewaj Chowdhury Senior Lecturer

SUBMITTED BY: -----------------------Prattay Dev Tirtho ID:1120325 DATE OF SUBMISSION: --------------------------------24.10.2011

1 Website: http://www.Plot 16.iub. Basundhara. Aftabuddin Road. Phones: 8401645-52 (Dhaka) and Email: Block 2 .

This assignment is focusing current situation of traffic congestion problem in Dhaka city. students and teachers fail to attend classes in due time. invested for the development of transport 3 . World fastest car is able to sprint 252mph. And it is more painful when students fail to reach exam halls and fail just due to a social problem. for the traffic congestion problem. how much economical activities are losing. Traffic jam has become a great monster in our modelife. Students cannot do other tasks such as photocopying or collecting notes before attending class in the morning because a lot of time gets wasted on traffic congestions. or because the road is blocked by something. In many occasions. What is Traffic jam? A traffic jam is a long line of vehicles that cannot move forward because there is too much traffic. You must go out from your house before two or three hours to reach destination which is only 20 or 30 minutes required. but the citizens of Dhaka (sometimes) cannot reach few miles to Gulistan from Mohakhali or any other place to our destination place within hours. Now they are going from one place to another within few hours.Traffic Jam Men have stepped on the moon. Limited resources. Now just think everyday how much national time is wasting. It wastes lot of working hours of students as well as teachers. Over the last few years the traffic congestion problem of Dhaka City has visibly been deteriorating steadily. Traffic congestion is not only affecting our business but the education sector as well. Who is responsible for this? Traffic jam is that magician.

Dhaka Metropolitan Area is expected to become one of the largest cities within the early next century.facilities. The number of automobiles has been increasing in Dhaka city at the rate of at least 10 percent annually. Everyday lots of people move to Dhaka for the purpose of earning money. lack of application of adequate and proper traffic management schemes are producing severe transport problems in almost all the traffic route in Dhaka. Other commuters of being stuck in traffic jam for hours an end. Day by day the number is increasing and most part of Dhaka is badly affected by the population growth. especially diesel run vehicles. Background: ~~~~~~~~~~ Bangladesh is a populous country & Dhaka. 4 . which has been contributing to air pollution on the one hand and traffic congestion on the other. old vehicles. There are 18 Special Planning Zones (SPZ) in the Dhaka Metropolitan Area. such as infrastructure and vehicles. where population has already crossed 11 million. while residents breathe in a lot more lead and almost 10 percent of its population seeks medical treatment each year for air pollution (Faulty vehicles. Citizens constantly complain about the intolerable problems of traffic jam. has to accommodate a large share of this population. as the capital of Bangladesh. The business community inevitably suffers for the constant waste of its most precious resource of time. Traffic jam has turned daily trips into nightmares to the people of Dhaka. Every year population is increase at the rate of 7 percent in Dhaka. and dust from roads contribute to air pollution) related respiratory illness. coupled with the rapid rise in transport demand. existence of old transport and also huge number of non-motorized vehicles on roads.

especially the private cars that use air conditioners. A substantial part of total traffic is non-motorized vehicles which enhance serve congestion especially in road intersections.At rush hour. People miss important appointments. Mouchak. Green Road. Khilghaon. Old Dhaka. Especially frustrating are the points Hotel Sonargaon crossing. Dhaka Metropolitan has heterogeneous traffic flows. will have grave consequences in the future health of these people. Postagola. a distance of three to four kilometers can take about an hour to reach. Maghbazar. Rickshaws are the dominating mode of public transport. increase the overall temperature of the city. Government officials’ estimate a loss of around tk15000 crore annually because of traffic jams. Transport System of Dhaka: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The transportation system of Dhaka is predominantly road based where non-motorized transport mainly rickshaw has a substantial share. The heat released from the engines. Gulshan. Malibagh. The economy. the road in front of the Prime Minister’s office. Trips made by public transport especially buses are very low. meanwhile. and Dhanmondi are nightmares for commuters from any point in the city. Maghbazar. Rampura. Bangshal. is losing out in millions because of traffic jams. Destinations like Gulisthan. Sayedabad. Science Laboratory. are late for work. Continued exposure to pollution from the streets during traffic jams. children and old people fall sick. Elephant Road. Jatrabari. The contribution of Bangladesh 5 . and Chowkbazar. Mohakhali and old parts of the city mainly at Dholaikhal. Motijheel. not to mention the painful site that most of us choose to ignore – a blaring ambulance stuck in the middle of a traffic jam trying desperately to find a way. Malibagh.

but in reality it is hard to believe that these plans can ever be materialized by this poor nation having massive corruption in all sectors. from judiciary to education. We listen about big plans of elevated express ways. construction of roads connecting the east of the capital to the west. underground metro rails etc. bus-route rationalization. traffic system development and safe environment. and repair of damaged thoroughfares are the main features of the plan. the government will construct and reconstruct 330 km of roads and highways including 50 new roads. Gazipur and Manikganj districts.. The 20 year Strategic Transport Plan (STP) includes 17400 square km of water and surface ways in Dhaka and neighboring Narayanganj. Narshingdi. footbridges. circular waterways. 6 .Railways (BR) to urban public transport is very small. elevated motorways. rapid mass transit. Under the plan. metro (underground railway). flyovers. Munshiganj. flyovers. elevated expressways. Metro train services. new roads. bus rapid transit. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT).

the lack of east-west connecting roads. Dhaka centric development of the country. which may create more congestion problem. 30 types of motorized and non-motorized vehicles are plying on the same street. Among them some major factors are as follows: 1. 4. Sometimes they maintain the signal manually. Around 60 percent of the city roads are encroached by hawkers. driver don’t comply with traffic rules. 5. Unplanned growth of Dhaka. causing haphazard traffic jams. Indiscipline attitude among the road user. occupation of tea-stalls and shops make difficult for pedestrians to use the pathway.The Major factor behind traffic Jam: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~ There are many reasons behind traffic jam in Bangladesh. 7 . and increased number of private transports has the contributory factors to traffic congestion. Traffic police have to maintain the signaling system. 6. 2. and dumping of construction materials. No knowledge about traffic rules which encourage people to violating the rules. unplanned construction inside the city. Outside the mall and right beside the road. Undisciplined traffic signal in the road and also faulty traffic signaling systems. 3.

Some traffic police officers are busy for extracting money for the illegal parking and violation of signal by stopping the vehicle in the middle of the road. For a standard city. Staff road. Mohakhali. Also buses stop randomly to pick up and drop passengers. Enforcement of rules by dishonest persons (traffic police) who are busy in collection of illegal money from traffic rules violators. There are bus terminals not authorized by the traffic department and the bus drivers do not go by traffic rules. 8. VIP protocol maintaining is another reason for frequent traffic jams in the streets. 9. Each day around 80 trains enter and exit the city. Dhaka has only 7. 14. where the minimum road requirement is 25% to 30%. Such types of level crossing create intolerable congestion at Magbazar. Karwan Bazar and other places. Dhaka City has very inadequate road networks. 11. trucks and other vehicles are parked almost everywhere.5% road of its total area. which causes six hours halt of traffic in total through each level crossing. 8 .7. Cars. 13. Illegal parking is another reason for traffic jam. 12. Inadequate manpower and narrow road spaces and overtaking tendency of drivers create pro-longed traffic congestions and intensify sufferings of commuters keeping people motionless as well as creating suffocating condition in the streets. 10.

They even don’t care about the traffic rules and signals. No one is aware about it. Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB). which may create the congestion. Illegal occupation of roads by small traders and vendors is one of the causes of traffic jam in the town. Now a days the number of buses increases day by day. 18. But they are still running in the Dhaka city. 9 . rickshaw. Most of time. we see that during jam traffic police just let one side go for like 5 minutes or more which increase the jam more. And the local buses are run very faster. 16. 21. 17. Divider problem in the city’s different important roads also causes congestion. They don’t have their fitness. 20. 19. The numbers of old transportation are still in Dhaka city. Those are illegal. Titas Gas and other utility service providers without any integration together make reasons for further road congestion. With mass transport not allowed through BUET and DU it creates excessive pressure on the adjoining roads. They just drive and occurring heavy traffic jam. Bus drivers are mostly responsible for traffic jam. Dhaka Electric Supply Authority (DESA).15. They don’t maintain the rules of the street. In any roundabout in Dhaka the plying CNG. They should manage it more professionally. On the same road the uncoordinated road digging by Dhaka City Corporation (DCC). They do this to grab a tiny space out of sheer desperation. bus. 22. etc form multiple lines. Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA).

28. Most foot-over bridges and underpasses remain unutilized by the pedestrians reasoning dark and dodgy atmosphere inside as billboards block view from outside. Although there is rule to set up refueling stations having vacant spaces to accommodate thirty vehicles to wait inside the compound. Many compressed natural gas (CNG) refueling stations and petrol pumps are located near to the intersections that disturb or block the streets when large queues of vehicles break into the road. 10 . Between Panthapath and Sonargaon intersection the traffic jam at anytime of the day is horrible because of the city’s biggest shopping mall constructed in the area. too many people are habituated and love to park them on the street so that can resulting traffic congestion. Some people don’t want to use the parking space. A lot of the plush shopping malls in the city have resulting illegal road occupation by vehicles. steep stairs and pathway encroached by hawkers make it difficult to move on the bridge and that’s why they don’t want to use the foot-over bridge. Unhygienic passageways. but only seventy five thousand have legal number. 25. More than seven hundred thousand rickshaws ply the city road. 27. 26. 24. This huge number of rickshaws is creating traffic congestion. The fines for traffic violations are too meager to raise fear to the violators. it has been overlooked.23. but the initiative usually produces no results. From time to time attempts are made to reduce the number.

3. Here three types of remedial is discussed – Short term suggestions: 1.30 PM. From now. if we cannot control over the population then we cannot give the place to our next generation. from today we should not take more than one child. By that WASA don’t need to block the street.30 AM and all education institutes should start at 8 AM.30 PM & 4 PM. Banking should start at 9 AM and all can be end within just 2. Water transport should be established like other developed countries surrounding Dhaka city. Population control must be implementing as very strictly like china. 2.The following remedial measures can be adopted for eliminating the traffic congestion problem in Dhaka city. 11 . All offices should start at 7. 4.

which may resolve some pressure of traffic. Rickshaw and other non-motorized vehicle strictly banned from the street. The government has divided Dhaka into seven zones with shops and businesses in each to observe a different weekly holiday. are not their concern.4. Political interface must be avoid 6. Those are overlooked the rule are not able to do business. 10. Also make the passageway clear and hygienic to motivate people to use the foot-over bridge and underpasses. Midterm suggestion: 12 . Cycle path should be provide 5. 8. Pedestrian facilities should be increase. Create awareness to the people to use the foot over bridge. and zebra crossing to passing the road. People are habituated and thus love using the shortest way by crossing over the street. 11. If any driver breaks the rule he has to face some legal consequences like jail and financial penalty. that it poses risk for the vehicles and create unnecessary traffic block let apart risking the pedestrians’ lives. The rules for CNG refueling station have to be strictly maintained. 9. There should be a whole “park” to educate on traffic system for the residents and children especially since one of the main reasons for road accidents and drivers not following rules is because of the abundance of fake licenses 7. Now. Through lane system different sort of vehicle will run in different lane.

In the year 2009 the number of registered vehicles was 5lac and 27. 6. rules-regulations. Almost there are no roads or street or lane for them.) will need to be forbidden. 4. regular tax payer and good service contributor etc. of CCTV sets to monitor traffic 5.1. morality. DMP need to make an extra lane for keep the road free from traffic jam.000 among these 2lac are private vehicles. 7. truck enter and travel the city between 11pm to 6am. 13 . The highway bus. civic sense. 8. From now the capital city of Dhaka should be blocked or fixed for limited persons as who can maintain living status of education. The number of rickshaw pullers is vast. 3. Private vehicles with less than four or five passengers would not be allowed to ply the city streets. light motor vehicles etc. CNG conversion for all types of personal cars (Private cars. In Bangladesh the price of CNG is comparatively cheap as a consequence many private vehicles were in the streets. Other than it is banned to travel in city highway. To reduce air pollution and traffic congestion in Dhaka city. Installing movement. the use of private motor vehicles must be abridged. So. This is to reduce traffic congestion on the streets of Dhaka city. 2. Free the footpaths from illegal occupation of hawkers and bus counters.

all industries. Industrializations should be based on upozila. tanneries. Long term suggestion: 1. BRTC has already launched bus service school going students to ease off traffic jam in capital. All import-export connected offices should go to near port areas of Chittagong or Mongla. the are the for the 3. Dhaka central jail. basically those place where so crowded. There is no need that those offices are to be Dhaka based. it should not depend on metropolitan cities. government administrative offices. Traffic management system has to be stronger enough. There around 400 private & government schools in capital. DMP have to create some steps by those citizens and drivers are able to make some knowledge about the traffic system. Government can shift all wholesale markets. Without those stoppage any bus are not allow to stop. If the people are well known about the signal system than it will stop them to violating the traffic system. 11. In front of every shopping mall an extra road need to construct as a stoppage. 10. Every school has to own the transport for student – especially at the primary level. 2. BRTC have to create lots of bus stoppage in the street but in a planned way. otherwise buses occupying road spaces which may block the traffic flow. or in on the way to any port where they can send the goods easily for shipment. 14 .9. And also stoppage should be outside from the street. Every driver should have to follow the traffic system. Then rural areas will grow up step by step. to outside of Dhaka city.

All main roads should be one way. 9. All type car parking must band in all roads. Stopping of buses in middle of roads should be band except bus stops. Expressways should be introduced for passengers to cover long distances over busy routes. some of which were construct in front of main street. college. DHAKA city's public transport service may have improved somewhat over the past year with the introduction of new Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation (BRTC) buses on major routes but it is not yet to be good enough to be of 'capital quality'. metro rail. Like other developed countries in the world we also have to build the underway monorail. taxies. All type stands of buses trucks. Flyovers are constructed at important intersections to reduce traffic congestion. cngs etc should band in the roads. 7.4. There are lots of vehicles are travel in Dhaka but the parking place is very few. and elevated expressways. not to build in the residential or commercial area or in front of the street. 10. and university. 6. like from Gabtoli to Motijheel. some of which were residential area and also some were in commercial area. Those have to build in some specific area. So. 8. to minimize the traffic congestion government have to Increase Street parking facilities. Gulistan to Airport directly without any stoppage. which minimize the traffic congestion. The city’s lone dependency on surface transportation system should be diversified to monorail. 15 . In Dhaka there are lots of school. 5.

Conclusion: ~~~~~~~~~ While very little can be done to change the larger picture now. Mega city Dhaka would get better result through traffic management. But the drivers are the forces responsible for killing more than 3000 people every year and deteriorating the traffic jam situation occupying the maximum road capacity. The BRTA have to stop registration of small cars for a certain time and increase gas price have been shelved on the ground of socio-economic and political impact. My point is 16 . there are a number of smaller factors which aggravate the traffic situation in the city. if any decision taken has gone against a certain quarter was either withdrawn or halted in the middle of implementation. physical restriction on car use. While relocating some of these establishments may not be feasible any longer. The BRTA is yet to be strict on issuing new driving license and those of drivers driving with illegal vehicles. there has been a change of emphasis because of the notion that supply generates its own demand. Most of the cases. Road building is a supply side measure taken on the basis of time saving but added that over the last decade. It has not done any improvement in its training module for both new and semi skilled old drivers keeping mind of the time. The minister admitted the government's failure in controlling the traffic situation in Dhaka. bus priority and provision for cyclists and pedestrians. parking control. especially since the university campuses have become an integral part of city life. which the authorities in these institutions could allow a better flow of traffic during extreme traffic scenarios and the government should develop alternate roads and flyover along these places to smoothen the flow of traffic.

But the government did not take any action at all to solve the problems.failure or success comes after taking an action. ~~~~~~~~~~~ Pr attay Dev Tirtho ID: 1120325 17 .

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