Technical daTa

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By applying pinpoint focus to your current production processes — asking the right questions and looking beyond the surface for creative solutions. Our expertise will help you achieve more precision, save money, increase operating efficiencies and enhance product performance with a stock or customized product. Use this guide as a starting point to help you specify the DRIV-LOK press fit fastener or fasteners that will make your application the best it can be. At any point, feel free to contact one of our applications engineers with specific questions or concerns. DRIV-LOK has been serving the fastener needs of a wide variety of manufacturing industries since 1939, delivering the finest-quality products quickly and with absolute ease for our customers.

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shortest lead times. DRIV-LOK is the preferred source of innovative. availability. Mission sTaTeMenT. joining and special component applications. cost-effective solutions for our customers who need press fit fastening. Dimensions. superior customer service. and unequaled technical assistance from a team of dedicated professionals.TABLE OF CONTENTS Grooved Pins High Alloy SHEAR-PROOF™ Pins Hardened Lok-Dowels™ Vent Dowels® Knurled Pins Grooved Studs Groove T-head Cotter Pins BARB-LOK™ Pins and Studs Ferrol Pins and Studs Spring Pins Coiled Pins Split Hollow Dowels / Compression Limiters Plain Pins and Dowels Ground Dowels and Keys Parallel Machine Keys Grooved Machine Keys Technical Data / EngiNomics 2 5 6 6 7 7 9 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 “we’ve pinpointed perfection.” driv-lok proudly maintains quality and environmental certifications to both international and automative standards. 1  . and data contained herein are subject to change without notice. DRIV-LOK provides the highest quality.

forming a raised portion D D D grooving x D along the side of each groove. suitable for use in both blind and through holes as a spring anchor pin. D Figure 1 1 Figure Figure 1 The crest of these raised portions forms the expanded diameter or “Dx” dimension which is shown in Figure 1. Type H grooved pin has three parallel grooves for half the length of the pin. If snap or retainer rings are to be used. It is widely used in place of taper pins. special section annular grooves can be machined to order.. rivets. Full-length parallel grooves provide maximum locking effect. stop or hinge pin..GROOVED PINS descRipTion. The groove of a grooved pin is formed by a swaging operation in which three tools penetrate the nominal diameter of the metal at 120° intervals. FuncTion. and the style of groove. Type E has three parallel half-length grooves located equidistant from each end. gears. E locking collar to shaft lever and shaft assembly control Valve hinge assembly linkage or hinge pin linkage pin T handle for Valve G G Type G H G hH G U G H Type G U H H U U uH Type U Type G has three parallel half-length grooves including pilot. where center locking is required. (See Grooved Pin Drilling Procedures and Hole Tolerances on page 4. AC c Type CA E A E C Figure 2 EC EE E E e Type C E The Type C Pin has three parallel grooves extending one-quarter its overall length. handles. especially where a relatively short locking section and longer free length are required. etc. handles. Typical applications include keying gears. the grooved portion locks in one part while the ungrooved section remains free to serve as the locator. knobs. hinge. etc. It is a very versatile pin. to shafts.) Figure 2 2 Figure Figure 2 When the expanded portion of the pin is compressed by insertion into the hole. The long lead permits easy insertion. the material being grooved. A short pilot at each end permits hopper or automatic feeding. This popular type is used in applications requiring excellent locking effect and ease of assembly. collars. collars. Type U has three parallel grooves extending the full length of the pin. etc. The Dx is a few thousandths larger than the nominal diameter “D” of the pin. Also used as a cross pin. pivot pin. The hole must never be smaller than the DD D nominal diameter of the pin. F F GG G D Dx F F F D Figure 1 Dx D Figure 2 HH H F F F F F FF F F F F F F F F Figure 1 Figure 1Figure 2 D D Dx F F UU U F F F F F F F F F F D F F F F F F F F D Figure 1 Figure 1 Dx Figure 2 D Figure 2 Figure 2 Figure 1 applicaTions. knobs. This penetration displaces a controlled amount of metal to each side of theD x x tool. Widely used as T handle on valves and tools. U spring anchor pin used in Through hole spring anchor in blind hole Roller pins stop pins attaching Knob to shaft pinning “V” pulley to shaft 2 . Identical ends speed manual insertion as operator need not examine pin to determine proper end to start. the hole into which F Fpin is to be the F F F F F FFF F F FF FF F F FF F F inserted is drilled a few thousandths larger than the nominal FF F F diameter of the pin. set screws and keys. It is ideally suited for linkage or pivot applications. When pressed in place. Type D Dx Figure 1 AA A D Dx F F F F F F F D D F F F F Figure 1 Figure 2 Dx D F F A Figure 2 AC C A E CC C F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F D a A The Type A Pin has three full-length tapered grooves. The amount of expansion varies with the diameter of the pin. levers and wheels to shafts. Typical applications include keying sprockets. The annular groove opposite the locking end is used to anchor the end loop of a tension spring. radial holding forces are generated as shown in Figure 2. This type of pin may be used as a pivot. These radial forces lock the pin securely into the drilled hole. Widely used in certain types of hinge applications. cotter pin. F F F When a grooved pin isFused.

391 . (dx) reduced by .329 .006 ToleRances: On Nominal Diameter “D”: +.166 .166 .329 .262 .4355 .067 .068 .096 . dimension nominal diameter crown height “e” crown Radius “R” ±.068 .229 . 1 16 3 32 1 8 5 32 3 16 7 32 1 4 5 16 3 8 7 16 nominal diameter 1 2 expanded diameter Groove length 1 3 1 5 3 7 1 9 5 3 7 8 16 4 16 8 16 2 16 8 4 8 ±.166 .166 .101 . diam.016 35° 1 32 .0340 3 3 8 32 .002 7 64 diameters and over On Overall Length “L”: ±.134 .010 1 4 1 16 3 32 1 8 5 32 3 16 7 32 1 4 5 16 3 8 7 16 nominal diameter 1 2 Max.062 1 32 1 4 .250 1 8 .229 .525 .0390 15 3 32 32 .190 .230 . .068 .3750 .263 .525 .198 .100 .523 .457 .101 .101 .083 1 32 3 . Min.459 .002 .134 .457 .230 .167 1 16 .198 .329 .002 .459 .006 .198 .525 .393 .263 .329 .010 for all diameters For stainless steel and other special materials.002 .456 .198 .393 .005 35° 1 32 .0025 . End configuration may vary depending upon pin length and groove type.166 . The length of chamfered pins is measured overall from end to end.064 .459 .198 .0091 1 1 8 32 .230 .392 .100 .068 .104 3 8 64 . Standard availability may vary depending upon groove type.5000 .0470 17 3 32 32 .523 .165 .163 ±.003 .198 .327 .096 .002 .0170 3 1 16 16 .394 .394 .230 .458 .4375 .1855 .525 .329 .0610 .263 .166 .016 35° 3 64 .458 .329 .2188 .2480 .000/-.394 .394 .101 .329 .327 ±.146 1 1 2 16 1 2 . CROWNED G PIN crowned G Pin CHAMFERED H PIN chamfered H Pin sTandaRd expanded diaMeTeRs (dx). All dimensions apply prior to plating. (d) 1/16 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 exp.166 .0130 5 1 32 32 .134 .0015 .394 .328 .100 .003 .068 .525 .394 .263 .003 .005 neck diameter “K” ±.393 .459 .134 .198 .134 .230 .525 .394 .190 .101 .312 t 1 to 31 2 to 11 4 to 11 2 to 2 to 2 to 21 4 to 2¾ 5/8 to 2¾ ¾ to 31 2 7/8 to 31 2 L E Dx P M P G E K Dx P A C L *Length increments are by 1 8 inch up to 1 inch.127 .230 .525 .230 .522 11 4 11 2 13 4 2 21 4 21 2 23 4 3 31 4 1 32 1 nom.132 .209 3 32 .067 .000 lengths* “l” ±.1250 .0180 1 1 4 16 .GROOVED PINS sTandaRd GRooVed pin diMensions.3730 .230 .2168 .002 .164 .166 .328 .525 .263 .263 .263 .031 35° 1 16 .525 .229 .0260 5 1 16 16 .068 .262 .1875 .004 .230 .0520 5 3 8 32 .163 .1543 .263 .525 .134 .0938 . the expanded diameters shown in the table are reduced by amounts shown at left.101 .261 .459 .005 35° 1 64 .3125 .3105 .101 .198 .230 .458 .005 35° — — — — to 1 1 4 .261 .134 .010/-.166 .262 .101 .) neck width “G” ±.459 .003 .459 .0065 5 1 64 32 .134 . The overall length of crowned pins is measured at L + 2E.263 .0015 up to 7 64 diameter +.132 .198 .525 .329 .329 .197 . and special groove positions are ordered as specials.230 .005 shoulder width “s” +.328 .2500 .101 .100 .1563 .033 .329 .393 .394 .263 .016 35° 3 64 .293 1 8 .068 .524 .0625 .459 .010 pilot length “p” (Ref.230 .459 .031 35° 3 32 .525 .005 35° 1 32 .005 .000/-.329 .393 .263 .263 .197 .031 35° 1 16 .262 .198 .125 3 3 8 64 .127 .524 .) chamfer length “c” min.525 .229 .134 .064 .4980 .133 .459 .196 .068 .394 .0220 9/32 1 16 .134 .031 35° 3 32 .458 . groove lengths. diam.164 .392 .394 .067 ±.230 .068 .064 .524 .459 .263 .329 .329 . and by ¼ inch over 1 inch. Note: Intermediate pin lengths.1230 .165 .198 .133 .197 .198 . chamfer angle “a” ±5° neck Radius “M” (Ref.166 .329 . pin diameters up to 3 4 .0923 .459 .394 . D D L L D xx D 3  .

003" . Driven or pressed into a straight drilled hole. example: 1 /8 diameter pin: Min. cast iron.125 + .004" .4375" . Type a3 Type A3 Pins have three full-length parallel grooves with a short pilot to insure easy starting. hole = .002" . Type b Type B Pins have three tapered grooves extending onehalf the length of the pin. expanded diameters cannot be accurately measured using a micrometer.003" . Minimum hole size equals nominal grooved pin diameter.2500" . spherical end annular Groove crowned end chamfered end 4 . d Type D has three reverse taper grooves extending one-half the length of the pin.3750" . Reverse taper grooves permit easy insertion in blind holes. Maximum hole size equals minimum hole size plus recommended hole tolerance from the chart. A higher ratio than 5 to 1 may require adjustment in hole size. Typical opTional GRooVe Types. the grooved portion locks in one part.1250" . roller pivot.004" .0938" . dowel. Hole sizes should never be smaller than the nominal diameter of the grooved pin. Recommended for use in blind holes as a top pin. These factors should be considered when designing press fit fasteners for your application.1563" . square oval diamond Tapered choice oF end conFiGuRaTion. Recommended hole size tolerances are based on a groove length to hole diameter ratio of approximately 5 to 1. Insertion and holding forces vary with hole size and groove length. Smaller hole size variation should result in more consistent insertion forces.128 pin diameter decimal equivalent . If the ratio is 1 to 1 or less then the hole tolerance should be reduced by approximately 60%. use a class Z ring gage only! 0 1 2 3 No–G o “Expanded Diameter” “Nominal Diameter” NO YES GRooVed pin dRillinG pRoceduRes and hole ToleRances. Also excellent for dowel and locating applications.006" 1 3 1 5 3 7 1 5 3 7 1 16 32 8 32 16 32 4 16 8 16 2 A slight chamfer on the hole is recommended particularly with holes in hardened steel. or for certain hinge or linkage applications.1875" . Type Typical GRooVe conFiGuRaTions.0625" . This type is widely used as a hinge or pivot pin.005" . They are recommended for applications requiring maximum locking effect where severe vibration and/or shock loading are present.003 =. while the ungrooved portion will remain free.125 Max.3125" .003" .2188" .5000" Recommended drill size 1 3 1 5 3 7 1 5 3 7 1 16 32 8 32 16 32 4 16 8 16 2 hole Tolerances add to nominal diameter . As shown. and with hardened grooved pins.005" .GROOVED PINS Use a ring gage only! Go checKinG expanded diaMeTeRs.006" . For accurate measurement of expanded diameters.004" . hole = .

Enter surfaced flat with Penetrator C Brale 150 Kg for pins 3/16" in diameter and above. automatic Transmission in automobiles Special Type C SHEAR-PROOF™ was selected as a shaft in this transmission servo to replace a cross drilled shaft with a cross pin for holding shaft in position. with grooves the full length of the pin. Grind two parallel flats each . Ease of assembly was matched with sufficient locking power even when subjected to continuous. strong reciprocating forces. Type E SHEAR-PROOF™ is a special pin. Standard SHEAR-PROOF™ pins have the Type A groove configuration as shown. Typical applicaTions. Inc. ToleRances: Length: ±. The high safety factor inherent in SHEAR-PROOF™ Pins makes them practical and efficient for such constant shear applications. universal joints in hand Tools Special Type E SHEAR-PROOF™ Pin with center grooves eliminates costly staking and grinding operations and improves product appearance. Insertion of the Type A pin is allowed in one direction only. haRdness TesTinG oF solid ThRouGh-haRdened pins. heavy-duty Gear and shaft assembly Type A SHEAR-PROOF™ Pin as specified for this application to give maximum locking power over the entire pin and gear hub area. 1. FuncTion. This pin is easily installed.00015" deep on curved sides of pins. STANDARD TYPE A D L Dx Note: Parts that are case hardened must be mounted and checked superficially with lighter loads. 2. high pressure piston and Rod assembly Type B Pin was used here because the half length grooves simplified the job of starting the pin into the hole.000/-. “SHEARPROOF”pins will meet the performance (minimum shear) detailed on Page 17 of this catalog when tested in a properly designed test fixture. SHEAR-PROOF™ pins are manufactured from 4140 or 6150 alloy steel in the same manner as grooved pins and are heat treated by austempering to a Rockwell “C” 40-48 hardness. SHEAR-PROOF™ pins are available in any groove configuration. Austempering provides a bainitic microstructure which is tougher than a martensitic microstructure produced by standard oil quenches. is the standard stock pin which meets most applications. provides maximum ease of assembly. yet the SHEAR-PROOF™ Pin is used with complete safety for both men and materials. The materials and the strength or hardness level to which SHEAR-PROOF™ pins are heat treated provide ideal shear resistance.0015 up to 7/64" diameter +. Material handling equipment The Type E pin provides positive locking with a halflength groove in the center of the pin. with quarter-length grooves.H i g H A l l o y *S H E A R-P R o o F™ P i n S descRipTion. Type C SHEAR-PROOF™ is a special pin. This eliminated a costly drilling operation and the cross pin. eye bolt hinge pin Type C pin. Smaller pins must be checked with 15 Kg load and N Penetrator.010 Nominal Diameter: +. *NOTE: “SHEAR-PROOF” is a registered trademark of DRIV-LOK. SHEAR-PROOF™ pins are furnished with a light oil finish for corrosion-resistance. SHEAR-PROOF™ pins lock in place in the same manner as grooved pins. The name “SHEAR-PROOF” refers only to a product manufactured from alloy steel and heat treated to obtain a higher shear resistance than standard low carbon grooved pins-type A.002 7/64" diameter and over Expanded Diameter: See table on page 3. fits flush and permits plating before assembly. 5 . Extreme shear is exerted in this application. Type B SHEAR-PROOF™ is a special pin. The name “SHEAR-PROOF” does not imply the pins will not shear.000/-. sTandaRd Type a. The Type A Pin. This groove configuration provides tapered expansion beginning at one end of the pin and expanding to the maximum at the opposite end of the pin. There is no interference until three-fourths of the pin is in position.

2495 .1870 .0005 in. total diameter tolerance of the pin. Standard Lok-Dowels™ are made from cold-finished low carbon steel and have a special groove configuration as shown.514 insTallaTion pRoceduRe. The three helical grooves on a DRIV-LOK Vent Dowel® function as vents to relieve air locks that may occur when standard dowels are inserted into blind holes.511 . with a surface roughness of 32 RMS maximum.3745 . Vent Dowels® may be made from a variety of steels.197 1/4 . Lok-Dowels™ lock securely and parts separate easily.3120 . The expanded diameter allows a greater hole tolerance to be used with a Lok-Dowel™ than can be used with a regular dowel pin.1875 . L/2 D L Dx FuncTion.0005 in.257 .194 .260 5/16 .2500 . The diameter is ground to a total tolerance of . FuncTion. The helical grooves provide a width and depth sufficient to relieve the air lock without disturbing the . Ream full size. Drive or press Lok-Dowels™ into place. and case hardened to provide good wear resistance. V e n t D o w e l s® descRipTion. They are centerless ground.130 .133 3/16 .324 3/8 .387 1/2 .3125 .321 .1250 . The Vent Dowel® has three helical grooves on its diameter as shown below. SPC assures high quality .3750 . polished.5000 . The grooved portion of the Lok-Dowel remains in place while the ungrooved end of the pin is easily removed from the mating part.1245 .0005 total tolerance Optional end configurations Helical groove Microfinish 32 RMS Rc 60-64 surface hardness 6 . loK-dowel™ diMensions.4995 .384 . Nominal Diameters Decimal Specification Expanded Diameter 1/8 . Drill hole slightly undersize. Lok-Dowels™ are pressed or driven into a drilled and reamed hole.H a r d e n e d L o k-d o w e L s™ descRipTion.

Flat-head special grooved stud with shoulder.002. The number of teeth must be a whole number to allow for proper tracking and avoid slivering. Standard grooved studs are manufactured from low carbon-steel and are zincplated for corrosion resistance. Also. A knurled section may have either a straight knurl. grooved studs descRipTion. special sTuds. Knurled pins are similar to grooved pins because they have serration around the nominal diameter of the pin. Often hardened to provide wear surface in shoulder area.Knurled pins descRipTion. The teeth may broach the mating hole when the material is softer and more ductile than the pin material. a helical knurl. Call for assistance in determining proper knurl pitch for your applications. 7 . They provide the same positive holding features as grooved pins plus additional end loading resistance provided by the head of the stud. FuncTion. The amount of expansion is predicated on the knurl pitch. Groove length can be varied. Coarse knurls provide greater expansion than fine knurls. Flat-head grooved stud. This is because a knurled pin has more points of contact with a hole than a grooved pin. The serrations on a knurled pin. or a diamond knurl configuration. Flat-head special stud with one-third length groove at lead end. Grooved studs have three parallel grooves spaced at 120° intervals around the diameter of the shank. The capability on expanded diameter tolerance is +/-. Grooved studs function in the same manner as grooved pins. knurled pins are typically roll formed whereas grooved pins are swaged. result in forces which hold the fastener in place. The knurled pin differs from the grooved pin while there are many serrations on a knurled pin. A knurled pin should have a minimum of 15 teeth to allow proper feed and rolling capability. Knurled pins are available with nominal diameters from 3/32" through 3/8" and lengths from 3/16" through 3". Radial forces are more evenly distributed around the diameter of a hole for knurled pins than for grooved pins. when compressed by insertion into a hole. “T” head cotter used extensively in chain industry in place of cotter pins. Stud with conical head and parallel grooves. Countersunk head grooved stud. Round-head stud with parallel grooves of special length. FuncTion. Round-head reverse taper groove stud.

. stud number/nominal diameter #0 .115 .096 .472 Min. flat heads.059 .136 Expanded Diameter .124 .002 Expanded Diameter: ±.206 . etc Fastening spring assemblies or control arms 8 . and finishes are available by request as special orders.144 .234 . diameters.287 .146 .119 . sTandaRd GRooVed sTud sizes.000/-.155 .067 .263 .152 .075 .309 .408 .120 #7 .107 . handles.261 .130 .067 Lengths 1 3 1 5 3 1 5 3 8 16 4 16 8 2 8 4 sTandaRd sizes and speciFicaTions.250 Head Diameter Recommended Drill Size Head Height #2 . Special materials. end configurations.103 . .140 .104 #6 .221 #16 .201 .196 #14 .161 .443 Max.104 .153 .359 . Standard stud sizes available are from #0 through #16 and lengths from 1/8" through 3/4" as shown in the table below.Grooved studs sTandaRd sTuds.171 .171 .173 .162 . Standard studs are manufactured to ASME B18.8. button heads.221 . etc Attaching nameplates.074 .169 .120 .250 Nominal Shank Diameter .074 .050 .309 .382 . shank lengths.156 . DRIV-LOK's engineering staff will work with customers to provide technical assistance.136 .130 .144 #10 .232 .161 0 2 4 6 7 8 10 12 14 16 51 44 37 31 29 27 20 9 2 1 4 Tolerances: Shank length: ±010 Nominal Diameter: +.132 .113 . "T" head cotter in chain Linkage assembly Spring anchor Widely used for fastening brackets Fastening knobs.113 .457 . .147 . #8 .240 .429 .074 .2 specifications. instruction panels.174 Min.201 .193 .086 #4 .287 .107 .086 .040 .091 .260 .232 .130 . In addition to standard round head grooved studs. and T-heads are also available by special order.096 .196 .211 .086 .153 . special sTuds.144 .096 .147 .334 .161 #12 . .136 .002 applicaTions.119 .120 .261 Stud Number Max.070 .

227/.156 .144 .287 .25 1.24 0.68 0. Low carbon BARB-LOK™ Pins and Studs are zinc plated for corrosion resistance.08 0.146 .16 0.366 0.62 1.00 1. 0.312 0.73 0.134 . 0.76 p head height Max.120 .136 . 0.23 1.201 0. Ideal product for tamper-resistant applications.50 0.35 0. 0.50 1.500 0.24 0.49 shank diameter Max.382 .40 0.18 0.50 0. Other finishes are available upon request. The crests of the barbs constitute the expanded diameter. 0.68 0.11 0.107/.005 below the nominal pin diameter.070 .443 head height Max.68 1 11 8 11 4 11 2 13 4 2 21 4 21 2 23 4 3 0.429 .18 0.353 0.48 0.66 0.408 .86 0.88 1.156 0.17 0.161 3 16 1 4 5 16 3 8 1 2 3 4 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 9 .86 0.260 .195 0. The barbs are located at 120° intervals on the diameter of the pin.088/.161 . GRooVe lenGTh diMensions FoR GRooVed T-head coTTeR pins.19 0.103 .250 head diameter Max. 0.75 Min. shank diameter . Min.85 1.88 0.305 0.73 0.73 Max.508 Min.51 0.09 0.156 3 0.28 0.163 0.248 4 0.18 0.60 0.25 0.62 0.059 .369 0.Grooved t-head cotter pins diMensions oF GRooVed T-head coTTeR pins [noTe (1)].310 16 0.152 .15 0.24 0.265 0.174 Min.79 Min. 0. .) N BARB-LOK™ Pins and Studs are made from low carbon steel or aluminum.22 0.334 .375 0.83 P M L B a r B-L o k™ P i n s & s t u d s descRipTion.221 .493 Recommended hole size Max.320 0.60 0. The expanded diameter of the barbed pin is measured on the second barb from the end of the pin and is measured with a ring gage.75 0. .11 0.312 23 0.001 to .258/. 0.211 .48 0.60 0.498 2 0.26 0. 3 7 4 8 5 32 3 16 1 4 5 16 23 64 1 2 M.326 0.73 0.54 Min. . The number of barbs along the length of the pin. 0.250 0.66 0.62 0.159 .358 32 0.23 1. 0.21 0.257 0.258 0.48 1.29 1.48 0.30 0.00 1. 0.086 .169 . Min. stud no.095 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x .187 1 0.086 .98 1.104 .270 sTandaRd baRb-loK pin diMensions. 0.514 n length Max.150 0. Max.75 0.62 0.161 0.500 *Smaller/larger sizes available.38 0.88 1. Max.38 0.115 .60 1.13 0.196 . a nominal size or basic shank diameter 5 b expanded shank diameter Max.168 0. (See page 4 for proper expanded diameter measurement methods.309 .140 .182 0.48 0.359 1 0. 0.091 .50 0. available lengths in inches expanded diameter 11 4 11 2 2 .98 1.472 Min.166/. Min.50 0.48 0.23 0.124 . Specific hole sizes should be determined for each individual application.66 0. 0. Min. The recommended hole size for most soft plastic applications is . 0.187 0.107 .319 0.154 32 0.68 0.66 Max.244 0. nominal size nominal length Max.15 0.119 .86 0.186 16 0.213 .193 . Hole sizes for hard plastic and aluminum applications should be greater than the nominal pin diameter.177 . FuncTion.124/.202/. Min.250 5 0.075 . Barbed pin holding power is affected by the pin diameter relative to the hole diameter and material hardness. 0.457 . and the distance between the barbs are determined by pin diameter and customer requirements.359 0.57 0.22 0. Max.240 . nom.28 0.359 .162 .75 0.32 Min.239 .30 0. .30 Q head width Max.25 o head diameter Max.12 0.34 0.09 0.25 0. pilot length [note 1] Min.149/.31 1.54 0.193 0.520 Min.

035 .038 . C A FERROL pins & sTUDs B D TYPE 2 FERROL FeRRol pins and sTuds. Two plastic parts are securely fastened with a Type 2 barbed pin.12 0.B a r B .017 .104 0.035 TYPE 2 FERROL B D Type 1 FeRRol A C 28 26 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 .196 .221/.148/. and improving products with DRIV-LOK barbed pins and barbed studs.L o k™ P i n s & s t u d s D Type 1 baRb-loK pin.045 .102/.124/.117 .196 0.100/.144 0.I.030 .024 . Reduce assembly time 3. D L HD D* D H L D* * Expanded diameter Typical applicaTions.250 Shank Diameter ‘D’ .136/.017 .123 .026 .020 . 1. other plastic parts.163 .109 .098 . L D* D L D* L D * Expanded diameter * Expanded diameter D* baRb-loK sTud. Pitch ‘C’ Thread Depth ‘B’ .256/. 2.120 .181 .136 0. and the unbarbed portion of the pin aligns with a hole in a second surface.187/.136 .P.226/.050 .014 .038 .132 .11 0.113/.086 .154 .161 . C A D A B D 10 . TYPE 1 FERROL driv-lok baRb pin and stud designs have been used for over 15 years with no failures recorded in the field. Ask for samples to test in your applications.127/.225 T.221 Expanded Diameter ‘A’ .200/. Type 1 barbed pins are particularly useful where secure locking is required in one surface. DRIV-LOK barbed studs effectively secure handles and knobs.086 0.022 .165/.096 .168/.220 . Above are just a few suggestions for saving fastening time and money.089/.055 .161 0. Stud Number 2 4 5 6 7 8 10 12 14 Reference Hole Size 0.158/. Type 2 baRb-loK pin.140/.144 .121/.071 TYPE 1 FERROL B D Type 2 FeRRol A C FeRRol sTud FERROL STUD C B Ferrol pin design may be used in a wide variety of material these are reference hole sizes and should be verified in your particular application.042 .062 . Positive holding is provided in both parts.

if you require engineering assistance for your application. L A B STYLE 2 (CONVENTIONAL) D3 45º D2 45º C standard spring pin L A B STYLE 1 (TYPE A) 40º MIN.001" deep on pins below 3/16" diameter. Dowel applications Used as a spacer To prevent shaft rotation Knob-to-shaft Hinge in light gauge metal Cotter pin Stop pin T-handle spRinG pin haRdness TesTinG. Place surfaced pin gap side down on face plate anvil of Rockwell Tester. a Penetrator C Brale 60 Kg for 1/8 to 5/16. 1.2. then heat treated to a spring temper. 3. Grind a flat surface approximately . Grind a flat surface approximately . Inc. Spring pins will meet thousands of demanding industrial applications. 11 . After forming. and . radial forces are generated against the hole wall holding the spring pin securely in place. 2. High-carbon (1070-1095) steel spring pins are hardened to Rc 46-53 and 420 stainless steel spring pins are hardened to Rc 43-52. 4. Shown below are just a few of the possible uses for these rugged. Standard finishes for high carbon steel spring pins are either light oil or zinc.0015" deep on curved surface of the pin (opposite the gap) on pins 3/16" diameter and above. Spring pins are manufactured to an oversize dimension so that when the pin is inserted into a hole. sTandaRd spRinG pins. Enter surfaced section opposite gap and use: a Superficial Tester 15N with N Brale Penetrator for diameters up to 1/8. and a Penetrator C Brale 150 Kg for pins 5/16 and over. Be sure to contact DRIV-LOK. self-locking pins. FuncTion. the pins are deburred to remove sharp edges.Spring pinS descRipTion. Standard spring pins are manufactured to ASME B18. D3 45º D2 45º D1 C special spring pin sTandaRd spRinG pin applicaTions.8. Standard stainless steel spring pins are passivated.004" deep opposite and parallel to the first grinding – at the gap section. Tubular slotted spring pins are manufactured by progressive roll forming flat strips of high carbon steel or heat treatable 420 stainless steel.

900 2.382 .048 .066 .245 .086 .163 .032 .136 .224 .018 .800 16. Coiled pins A C L A Heavy duty Standard duty Light duty Break edge B Swaged chamfer both ends.238 .083 .260 b chamfer dia.219 . note 3 .196 .035 ±.200 3.062) (.081 .048 .510 Minimum double shear strength (lbs) 430 800 1.121 .122 .258 . lb.040 b Max Minimum .448 .300 19.200 5.152 .250 noTes: 1.445 .065 .077 . Max .268 Min. note 2 .065 Recommended hole size Max .012 .313 .875 2.459 .400 2. Contour of chamfer optional.318 . Minimum diameter shall be checked by NO GO ring gage.129 .094) (.900 7..020 ±.055 .spring pins sTandaRd spRinG pin diMensions. diMensions oF coiled Type spRinG pins.226 .192 .219) (.161 .131 .194 .226 .160 .095 .250 .040 .157 .330 .321 .167 .160 .000 3.014 .125) (.151 .500 5.171 .065 .228 .500 carbon steel 2.155 .100 4. zeros preceding the decimal shall be omitted.438 .150 5.395 .032 . note 2 .172 .850 7.016 . 3.437) (.050 10.205 .385 .011 .138 .075 .300 light duty . note 3 .375 .130 .188 .091 .065 .030 ±.247 double shear load.485 .182 .129 .235 .125 .156) (.125 .750 4.306 .800 carbon steel 825 1.099 .256 .095 .368 .017 . 2.059 .199 .028 .217 .048 .097 .124 .010 .038 .207 .163 .524 ToleRance: ±.022 .600 3. nominal size or basic pin diameter [note (1)] 1 5 3 7 1 8 32 16 32 4 a pin diameter standard duty Max. min.196 .078) (.258 light duty Max. 12 .300 1.131 . a nominal 1 5 3 1 5 3 7 1 5 3 7 16 64 32 8 32 16 32 4 16 8 16 2 1 3 c Maximum (Go ring range) .080 .069 .055 .162 .224 .240 .202 .312) (.430 .015 .044 .062 .011 .007 .214 .008 .243 c length Ref .028 .214 .188 .273 Min.168 .271 Min.185 . note 3 .500 Maximum .008 .008 .095 .500 1 spRinG pin lenGTh: Up to and including 1" Over 1" through 2" Over 2" through 3" Over 3" through 4" Over 4" *Minimum hole sizes are rounded up to 3 decimal places.800 27.264 .063 .110 Minimum (d1+d2+d3) . standard duty heavy duty Material carbon steel 1.187) (.256 Ref .103 .194 .192 .150 1.139 . note 2 .121 .513 stock thickness .015 ±.025 Maximum .232 .131 .156 .250) (.077 .182 . Maximum diameter shall be checked by GO ring gage.375) (.094 Recommended hole size Minimum* .150 4.228 .079 . Where specifying nominal size in decimals.100 (.260 heavy duty Max.065 .048 .044 .135 .

Another application of a DRIV-LOK split hollow dowel is when used as a spacer or standoff to space components apart from one another. clam shell assemblies. etc.000 .000 .045 . diameter 5 3 7 1 9 5 11 3 7 1 9 5 11 3 13 7 15 32 16 32 4 32 16 32 8 16 2 16 8 16 4 16 8 16 Thickness . This offers a weight savings over conventional locating dowels.015 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x .150-1.035 . DRIV-LOK also produces split hollow dowels with special features.020 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x .070 .split hollow dowels/ Compression limiters descRipTion.000 .150-1.150-2.150-2.150-1. The bolt hole is counterbored on both halves of the assembly. They have been used over shafts or bolts to give a set distance between component assemblies.150-2.000 . Block Split Hollow Dowel 13 .150-1.150-1.150-2. DRIV-LOK’s design engineering staff will work with you in providing technical assistance to develop the right fastener for your application.375 . The expense and labor involved in providing separate locating dowels and their holes in assemblies is eliminated.080 .150-2.030 . We have full press capabilities to pierce holes.375 .500 1 11 8 11 4 13 8 11 2 x Threaded Fastener x x x x x Standard capabilities.000 .150-2. DRIV-LOK’s split hollow dowels are designed and manufactured to provide excellent retention forces and ease of assembly. which require separate drilled and reamed holes. The dowel is then installed into one of the counterbores and used to locate the other half of the assembly.500 .150-2.150-1.150-2.375 . When properly designed the bolt head or washer will allow proper seating of the bolt to hold the component in place and the compression limiter will absorb the clamping pressure. Split hollow dowels are ideal for use in conjunction with bolts that pass through the center of the dowel after it has been installed.000 . diMensional capabiliTies.150-2.040 .375 .050 .000 .000 . They can also be auto-inserted.000 .150-2.000 . slots.000 .150-1.150-1.500 . tabs and other features into the sidewall of a split hollow dowel.000 .150-2.500 .150-2.150-2.150-1.060 . “Split” hollow dowels offer additional cost savings over hollow dowels machined from tube or bar stock.094 length . valve bodies to a housing.) A DRIV-LOK split hollow dowel is also used as a compression limiter to protect plastic from being crushed or yielding past its elastic limit.000 .025 . other sizes possible upon engineering review. A typical application of the split hollow dowel is where two halves of an assembly are located and bolted together (cylinder heads to a block.375 .

.0917 .000 .062 .020 .1250 . Plain pins with diameters up to 1/8" have a tolerance of +.0937 .0454 .001 in.035 .4355 . and finishes are available.0605 .250 .3750 .4375 .2480 .0625 .750 .1230 . 14 .005 .9980 Min. Plain pins are solid cylindrical pins which have a cold drawn finish. diMensions oF chaMFeRed and sQuaRe end sTRaiGhT pins.2500 . FuncTion. Nominal Length 3 1 5 3 7 1 9 5 3 7 16 4 16 8 16 2 16 8 4 8 Diameter 3 64 1 16 3 32 1 8 5 32 3 16 7 32 1 4 5 16 3 8 7 16 1 2 5 8 3 4 7 8 1 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 1 11 4 11 2 13 4 2 21 4 21 2 3 31 2 4 41 2 5 51 2 6 Length versus diameter chart reflect general capabilities. All plain pins and dowels are special-order items.156 .0469 .Plain Pins and dowels descRipTion.625 .4980 .035 pin diameter . production dowels and straight pins.0000 1 5 3 7 1 5 3 7 4 16 8 16 2 8 4 8 1 lenGThs FoR plain pins and GRound dowels.5000 .005 .000/-. Call to determine if your particular part requirements are available.8750 1.020 . Plain and dowel pins are held in place by interference created around the entire pin circumference when it is pressed into a hole.3125 .035 .8730 .875 1.005 .1875 . 3 1 3 7 1 5 3 7 64 16 32 64 8 32 16 32 c chamfer length Min.3105 . DRIV-LOK’S engineering department will work with customers to provide technical assistance.219 .2167 .188 .1074 .1094 . and diameters 1/8" and over have a tolerance of +.125 . a nominal size or basic pin diameter Max.7480 .005 . heat treatment.375 .6250 .1562 .2187 .109 . Dowels are solid cylindrical pins which have a centerless ground finish with total precision tolerances.046 .438 .020 .002 in.005 . The insertion.1542 . .000/-.005 . holding.005 .094 . end configurations. lengths.6230 .035 .7500 .1855 . diameters.500 . and radial forces generated by these pins are very sensitive to hole diameter variation and usually require the use of a reamed hole. Various materials. Actual capability varies for harden and unharden dowels.020 .005 .3730 .312 .005 .

3070 0. Machine keys are well suited to transmit torque because of the large cross-sectional area which is utilized.4995 0.0003 Min.010 – L 25° 25° W1 + . 0.1876 0.0776 0.5003 0. 0.3125 0.035 0.3751 0.7503 0. optional.3712 0.020 0.0932 0.1217 0.5002 0.5000 0.2501 0.3128 0. 0.7500 0.1251 0.8753 1.1562 0. In soft materials such as aluminum or zinc die castings.4370 0.3135 0.1250 0.0000 Min.2500 0. The complete line of DRIV-LOK high-quality parallel machine keys includes square and rectangular keys with chamfered or square cut ends.1565 0.0628 0.040 0.6250 0.1530 0.1245 0. 0.6252 0.0784 0.1253 0.7453 0.1870 0.5001 0.1563 0.7502 0.3127 0.2501 0.6185 0.7500 0.1876 0.0781 0.7510 0.3760 0.0005 in.040 0.7503 0.4939 0.4377 0.0782 0.6251 0.1260 0.2447 0.7446 0. However.3085 0.0907 0.002 L + .0010 oversize series pins Max. Most square keys are available with 45º chamfers at both ends for easy insertion and elimination of damage to keyways in shafts and hubs.000 – .1557 0.6251 0.5000 0.7501 0. 0.0635 0.2154 0.9952 5 32 16 32 4 *5 3 1 5 32 3 7 1 16 4 16 5 3 7 1 5 8 16 2 8 3 7 1 16 8 16 2 5 3 7 4 8 3 7 8 4 8 1 1 Holes for oversize series machine dowel pins may best be determined by the user to suit the particular application. Rectangular Keys W + .4316 0. The torque is efficiently transmitted between the shaft and the hub through the machine key.0620 0.1094 0.2500 0. the suggested hole sizes tabulated have been commonly used for press-fitting ground dowel pins into materials such as mild steels and cast iron.025 0.3708 0.3717 0.1223 0.1877 0.3125 0. 0.6211 0.8750 1.1840 0. 0.040 0.0937 0.4341 0.0003 Min.1063 0.005 0.8753 1.5003 0.1253 0.8700 0.1563 0.055 0. L C A A A A C L 25° 25° R R R R Contour of chamfer surface optional.1877 0.0907 0.2462 0.0892 0.1885 0.0000 R A pin diameter standard series pins Max.3126 0.4336 0.050 suggested R R hole diameter* Max.0000 0.3753 0.5000 0.1562 0.3120 0.020 0. it is not possible to provide hole size recommendations that will be suitable for all applications.4331 0.002 Standard square machine keys 45º CHAMFER AT BOTH ENDS* W + .3750 0.3094 0. request.1572 0.0595 0. FuncTion.1047 0.2510 0.0940 0.3126 0.3751 0. Contour of chamfer surface optional.005 0.2502 0.0948 0.9947 Max.2500 0.005 0. Other end configurationsconfigurations available upon request.6250 0.Ground dowels L L diMensions oF haRdened GRound pRoducTion dowel pins.002 Contour of chamfer surface Contour of chamfer surface optional.6260 0.1562 0.5010 0.1513 0.0941 0.0626 0.1847 0.000 – .1842 0.0002 0.9938 Min.8760 1.025 0. 0.4376 0.025 0.2465 0. Parallel Machine Keys descRipTion.0939 0.3752 0.025 0.005 0.0625 0.0941 0.7501 0.8751 1.0938 0. Other end configurations available upon Other end configurations available upon request.8750 1.1202 0.3089 0.4954 0.0783 0.0001 basic 0.0580 0.3128 0.2470 0.7548 0.0001 suggested hole diameter for standard series pins Max.1564 0.0781 0.1251 0.6253 0.0938 0.0625 0.2188 0. 0.4378 0.1565 0.2495 0.1528 0.025 0.2503 0.0600 0.025 0. 1 16 3 32 *7 64 1 8 0.3693 0.0784 0.1252 0.005 0.4964 0.4385 0.1825 0.4375 0.1062 0.5001 0.c chamfer length Max.6250 0.002 W1 + . hole size limits are usually decreased by 0.4376 0.1068 0.000 – .4375 0.1250 0.8752 1.1535 0.000 – .1250 0.040 0.3125 0.020 0.005 0.0782 0.8692 0.035 0.1875 0.002 L C C L + .6200 0. A a nominal size or basic pin diameter 0.2503 0.1877 0.070 0.0626 0.9995 0.7495 0.0625 0.025 0.8751 1. 15 . a nominal size or nominal pin diameter basic 1 16 *5 64 3 1 32 8 diMensions oF unhaRdened GRound dowel pins.8705 0.4378 0.6245 0.6253 0. to increase the press fit.7500 0.9923 pin R diameter Min. 0.005 0.6206 0.000 A – .1875 0.3750 0.070 Min.4375 0.020 0.3750 0.0939 0.0791 0.0912 0.025 0.055 0.1875 0.002 W A L + .8677 0.2159 0.1218 0.8745 0.2136 0.0595 0.000 – .3745 0.010 – W + . 0.7431 0.8750 1. Other end available upon request.010 – + . L L *Hole Sizes: Because of the wide variety of materials in which dowel pins are used and the many design requirements which must be considered.005 0.3753 0.0627 0.2151 0.0628 0.050 0.4959 0.

Type 1 grooved machine keys have grooves on one surface where permanent assembly is not required.4375 .002 W1 W W1 X WX L + .503 .3105 . Special lengths of up to 8" available with groove length appropriate to the application.010 – L + .315 . *Width tolerances apply to standard low-carbon steel only.1855 . When the widened surface engages a standard keyway.Grooved Machine Keys descRipTion. FuncTion.253 . W W F F Wx F F Type 1 grooved key holds firm in keyway during shipment and prior to putting motor in service.125 .002 W* W* + .000 W 1 W* + – . Key will not work loose in service with possible loss of key and damage to keyway.248 .123 . Type 2 grooved keys have grooves on two opposite surfaces to provide a press fit in both shaft and gear or pulley for permanent or semipermanent assemblies.010 – W W1 X WX *Width tolerances apply to standard low carbon steel only.382 1 4 . Chamfered ends shown. The expanded width “Wx” of the key formed by the grooves (Figure 1) provides interference between the key and the keyway which reduces backlash and holds the key in place. Square cut ends also available. When Type 2 keys are used. the same retaining forces are generated in both parts.002 . Figure 1 Figure 2 diMensions FoR Type 1 + . This eliminates costly drilling and tapping for set screws or other additional processes which would be required to hold the pin in place. 1" through 4 1 2 " at 1 2 " increments ** 1 8 " wide keys have one parallel groove centered on surface. Available widths for grooved machine keys range from 1/8" through 1/2" and lengths from 1" through 4 1/2.000 – .498 .000 W* – .000 – . The grooves impressed in the key displace metal which expands the width to provide positive holding action.191 .375 .444 5 16 .002 W1 WX WX L + .000 W* – .195 1 8 . nominal width (inches) W Wx Wl L 1 8 3 16 1 4 5 16 3 8 7 16 1 2 .132 ** .128 . The expanded width of Type 1 grooved machine keys retain the key in position in the keyway of either the shaft or mating part.319 1 8 .002 + .010 – Type 1 grooved key in shaft eliminates need for screws or time-consuming hand fitting normally needed for retaining key in keyway. but the inherent resiliency of the metal creates outward forces “F” against the sides of the keyway (Figure 2). 16 .250 . No need for set screws.010 – L + .1875 .3125 . a moderate press fit results.440 . applicaTions. Type 2 grooved machine keys have grooves on two opposite surfaces for permanent or semi-permanent assembly.4355 . The displaced material is partially forced back into the groove.000 W* – . Most square keys are available with 45º chamfers at both ends for easy insertion and elimination of damage to keyways in shafts and hubs. diMensions FoR Type 2 W1 + .507 5 16 Positive retention for a sliding pulley on a shaft is assured by using a Type 1 grooved key.373 .500 .257 1 8 .002 + .378 . Also eliminates backlash in gears.

9 116.23 1.4 193.900 26.660 11. 15 15 15 15 3 3 3 7 7 7 1 1 1 1 16 1 1 8 contact our applications engineering department for additional information.712 .100 low carbon 410 890 1.200 24.800 1074 steel and 420 ss 430 1.800 32. This table is a guide in selecting the proper-size DRIV-LOK Grooved Pin to use for fastening machine members to shafts of given sizes and for specific load requirements. Torque and horsepower ratings are based on pins made of cold finished.038 . 8 8 8 16 16 16 2 1 3 16 1 1 4 1 5 16 13 8 1 7 16 driv-lok enginomics saved customers over $725.8 37.36 1.300 19.200 46.022 .307 .480 8.700 18.114 . 4.6 322 449 479 509 773 816 859 1230 1289 1348 1838 h.600 2.020 3.770 11.400 8.8 275.050 12.807 1.000 corrosion resistant steel 540 1.185 .600 2.750 4.000 in one year.200 3.007 .800 16. low carbon steel and a safety factor of 8 is assumed.240 2. 11 2 MiniMuM double sheaR Values (lbs.100 15.759 .760 6.000 35.060 .300 3.520 6.310 4.p.9 23. Grooved pins pin diameter 1 3 1 5 3 7 1 5 3 7 1 16 32 8 32 16 32 4 16 8 16 2 slotted spring pins brass 250 560 990 1.474 .150 1.150 5.500 17.M.6 298.310 4.p.050 10.800 27. at 100 R.) oF dRiV-loK pins oF VaRious MeTals.000 19.013 .95 2.510 .850 7.400 17 .460 12.820 4.5 62.’s systematic approach to saving you time and money while maintaining or enhancing the design integrity and performance of your end product.14 2.600 shear-proof alloy steel (Rc 40-48) 720 1.100 .30 1.Technical daTa GRooVed pin diaMeTeR / shaFT size / ToRQue RelaTionships.200 3.950 6.000 15.92 enGinoMics EngiNomics® is DRIV-LOK Inc.437 .170 9.8 8.510 5. Recommended pin diameter for various shaft sizes and torque transmitted by pin in double shear shaft size 3 7 1 5 3 7 1 9 11 3 13 7 16 32 4 16 8 16 2 16 16 4 16 8 16 pin diameter 1 5 3 7 1 5 5 3 7 1 1 1 16 64 32 64 8 32 32 16 32 4 4 4 16 16 16 Torque inch lbs.5 13. .880 7.9 71.540 2.875 2.05 2.

1140 Park Avenue Sycamore. Illinois 60178 www.driv-lok. 18 .com Telephone: (815) 895-8161 Fax: (815) 895-6909 © 2008 Driv-Lok. All rights reserved.

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