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KOLKATA ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECT (KEIP)
KOLKATA
ENVIRONMENTAL
IMPROVEMENT
PROJECT (KEIP)

The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of

the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do

not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to
imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to

Aims

- Improve the environment in the outer areas

of Kolkata

- Reduce poverty in the low-income areas through access to basic services

- Facilitate community empowerment through participatory processes

- Protect the environment from adverse

development

- Develop Kolkata Municipal Corporation

(KMC) into a proficient unit

- Protect the environment from adverse development - Develop Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) into a proficient
Resettlement of Canal Bank Dwellers
Resettlement of Canal Bank Dwellers

About 100 km of drainage canals being rehabilitated which require resettlement of 3,365 families including 11% female headed households

of drainage canals being rehabilitated which require resettlement of 3,365 families including 11% female headed households
of drainage canals being rehabilitated which require resettlement of 3,365 families including 11% female headed households
of drainage canals being rehabilitated which require resettlement of 3,365 families including 11% female headed households

Gender Issues in Resettlement

1.Poor hygiene and sanitation

2.Lack of legal entitlements (land tenure and

shelter)

3. Limited participation of women in decision-

making and community affairs 4.Limited employment opportunities for women

5.Social insecurities and break down of social

networks

community affairs 4. Limited employment opportunities for women 5. Social insecurities and break down of social
community affairs 4. Limited employment opportunities for women 5. Social insecurities and break down of social

Planning and Design

Consultations and negotiations with project staff,

government officials, civil society, NGOs, communities

Targeting of female-headed, poor and vulnerable

households

Community involvement, including women’s involvement in planning, design and implementation

Emphasis on civil society partnerships

Employment opportunities for women, poor and

vulnerable households

Gender-focused capacity development at all levels

Employment opportunities for women, poor and vulnerable households • Gender-focused capacity development at all levels
Employment opportunities for women, poor and vulnerable households • Gender-focused capacity development at all levels

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Institutional Arrangements

Social Development Unit (SDU) in KEIP Composition of SDU

Mix of consultants

KEIP and KMC officials

NGOs

SDU has three sub-units

Public relations and communication cell

Grievance re-dressal cell (project level)

Cell for Implementation of CDP in slums and R&R Plan for canal bank dwellers

re-dressal cell (project level) • Cell for Implementation of CDP in slums and R&R Plan for
re-dressal cell (project level) • Cell for Implementation of CDP in slums and R&R Plan for

Results

-2,880 families living round rehabilitated canals resettled into new

flats

-11% of resettled households headed by women

-Entitlements and Legal Empowerment: Women members of all resettled households are legal title holders of flats

-638 candidates trained on livelihood options [women: 621, men:

17]. 125 started their own income generation activities

-230 SHGs with a membership of 2,500 women formed; of these 31 SHGs with a membership of 300 women receive group loans worth $2,270 each

-Two neighborhood committees formed comprising 39 women led SHGs

of 300 women receive group loans worth $2,270 each -Two neighborhood committees formed comprising 39 women
of 300 women receive group loans worth $2,270 each -Two neighborhood committees formed comprising 39 women

Lessons Learned

Gender focused activities restricted to

resettlement plans and slum development Income generation activities need

diversification of trades, stronger market

linkages, and better lending systems for women

Womens needs like quality water supply and

education for children need greater focus

Challenge of resettling families losing existing

social networks

Gender discrimination still persists; focus on household/family level awareness programs on

gender dynamics and relations

discrimination still persists; focus on household/family level awareness programs on gender dynamics and relations
discrimination still persists; focus on household/family level awareness programs on gender dynamics and relations

Engendering Development

“I no longer feel deprived and

helpless but proud

to be part of society. I now have

a legal address in Kolkata

no longer feel deprived and helpless but proud to be part of society. I now have
no longer feel deprived and helpless but proud to be part of society. I now have
no longer feel deprived and helpless but proud to be part of society. I now have