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Find out more**LEARNING AREA: 1. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS
**

Week

1

Learning Objective

1.1 Understanding Physics

Learning Outcomes

A student is able to: • explain what physics is

Suggested Activities

Observe everyday objects such as table, a pencil, a mirror etc and discuss hoe they are related to physics concepts. View a video on natural phenomena and discuss how they related to physics concepts. Discuss fields of study in physics such as forces, motion, heta, light etc.

Notes

**Minimum Requirement & Sources
**

JPNP Module Ex: Vernier Callipers And Micrometer Screw Gauge

•

recognize the physics in everyday objects and natural phenomena

2

1.2 Understanding base quantities and derived quantities

A student is able to: • explain what base quantities and derived quantities are • list base quantities and their units • list some derived quantities and their units. • • express quantities using prefixes. express quantities using scientific notation

Discuss base quantities and derived quantities. From a text passage, identify physical quantities then classify them into base quantities and derived quantities. List the value of prefixes and their abbreviations from nano to giga, eg. nano (10-9), nm(nanometer) Discus the use of scientific notation to express large and small numbers.

Base quantities are: length (l), mass(m), time (t), temperature (T) and current (I) Suggested derived quantities: force (F) Density (

JPNP MODULE

ρ

) , volume (V)

and velocity (v) More complex derived quantities may be discussed

Paper 1 - 10 questions Paper 2 Structure - 2 questions

1/26

Week

Learning Objective

•

Learning Outcomes

express derived quantities as well as their units in terms of base quantities and base units. solve problems involving conversion of units

Suggested Activities

Determine the base quantities( and units) in a given derived quantity (and unit) from the related formula. Solve problems that involve the conversion of units. Carry out activities to show that some quantities can be defined by magnitude only whereas other quantities need to be defined by magnitude as well as direction. Compile a list of scalar and vector quantities.

Notes

When these quantities are introduced in their related learning areas.

Minimum Requirement & Sources

•

3

1.3 Understanding scalar and vector quantities

A student is able to: • define scalar and vector quantities

JPNP MODULE Paper 1 - 10 questions

•

give examples of scalar and vector quantities.

4

1.4 Understanding measurement

A student ia able to • Measure physical quantities using appropriate instruments • Explain accuracy and consistency

Choose the appropriate instrument for a given measurement Discuss consistency and accuracy using the distribution of gunshots on a target as an example Discuss the sensitivity of various instruments Demonstrate through examples systematic errors and random errors. Discuss what systematic and random errors are. Use appropriate techniques to reduce error in measurements such as repeating measurements to find the average and compensating for zero error.

JPNP MODULE Ex: Vernier Callipers And Micrometer Screw Gauge ENRICHMENT MODULE Paper 1 - 10 questions Paper 2 Structure - 2 questions

•

Explain sensitivity

•

error

Explain types of experimental

•

Use appropriate techniques to reduce errors

2/26

Discucc to: a) identify a question suitable for scientific investigation b) identify all the variables c) form a hypothesis d) plan the method of investigation including selection of apparatus and work procedures Carry out an experiment and: a) collect and tabulate data b) present data in asuitable form c) interpret the data and draw conclusions d) write a complete report Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP MODULE Ex: Reinforcement Scientific skills are applied throughout Paper 1 .5 Analysing scientific investigations Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • Identify variables in a given situation • Identify a queation suitable for scientific investigation • Form a hypothesis • Design and carry out a simple experiment to test the hypothesis Suggested Activities Observe a situation and suggest questions suitable for a scientific investigation.10 questions Record and present data in a suitable form • Interpret data to draw a conclusion • Write a report of the investigation • 3/26 .Week 5 Learning Objective 1.

moving with uniform velocity Carry out activities using a data logger/graphing calculator/ ticker timer to plot a) displacement-time graphs b) velocity-time graphs Describe and interpret: a) displacement-time graphs 4/26 .2 Analysing motion graphs • A student is able to: • plot and interpret displacement. moving with uniform velocity or non-uniform velocity b) determine displacement.20 questions Paper 2 . at rest ii.time and velocity-time graphs • deduce from the shape of a displacement-time graph when a body is: i.LEARNING AREA: 2. velocity and acceleration Solve problems using the following equations of motion: • • Paper 1 . FORCES AND MOTION Week 6 Learning Objective 2.5 questions v = u + at s = ut + v = u + at s = ut + 1 2 at 2 v 2 = u 2 + 2as 1 2 at 2 v 2 = u 2 + 2as Reminder Velocity is determined from the gradient of displacement –time graph.1 Analysing linear motion Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • Define distance and displacement Suggested Activities Carry out activities to gain an idea of: a) distance and displacement b) speed and velocity c) acceleration and deceleration Notes Average speed = total distance / time taken Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP MODULE Text Book • • Define speed and velocity and state that v= s t Define acceleration and deceleration and state that a= • • v −u t Calculate speed and velocity Calculate acceleration/deceleration Solve problems on linear motion with uniform acceleration using • • Carry out activities usisng a data logger/graphing calculator/ticker timer to a) identify when a body is at rest. Acceleration is determined from the gradient of velocity –time graph JPNP MODULE 7 2.

Week Learning Objective • Learning Outcomes iii. ENRICHMENT MODULE Paper 1 . at rest b.1 question • relate mass to inertia give examples of situations involving inertia • suggest ways to reduce the negative side effects of inertia. Solve problems on linear motion with uniform acceleration involving graphs. 9 Carry out activities/view computer simulations/ situations to gain an idea on inertia. moving with non-uniform velocity determine distance.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources 8 A student is able to: • deduce from the shape of velocitytime graph when a body is: a.2 questions Paper 3 Essay . 2. • 5/26 . displacement velocity and acceleration from a displacement –time and velocity–time graphs. Carry out activities to find out the relationship between inertia and mass. Research and report on a) the positive effects of inertia b) ways to reduce the negative effects of inertia JPNP MODULE Newton’s First Law of Motion maybe introduced here. moving with uniform velocity c.2 questions Essay .3 Understanding Inertia A student is able to: • explain what inertia is JPNP MODULE Distance is etermined from the area under a velocity – time graph. displacement and velocity from a displacement –time graph Suggested Activities b) velocity-time graphs Determine distance. moving with uniform acceleration • determine distance. displacement velocity and acceleration from a velocity–time graph • solve problems on linear motion with uniform acceleration.

.need to be emphasized different Direction Discuss momentum as the product of mass and velocity.4 Analysing momentum Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP MODULE 10 A student is able to: • define the momentum of an object • • define momentum p as the product of mass (m) and velocity (v) i. water rockets.Week Learning Objective 2. View computer simulations on collision and xplosions to gain an idea on the conservation of momentum Conduct an experiment to show that the total momentum of a closed system is a constant Carry out activities that demonstrate the conservation of momentum e.e. ( ) p = mv state the principle of conservation of momentum Carry out activities/view computer simulations to gain an idea of momentum by comparing the effect of stopping two objects: a) of the same mass moving at different speeds b) of different masses moving at the same speeds.10 questions Paper 2 Structured 6/26 .g. 11 A student is able to: • describe applications of conservation of momentum Research and report on the applications of conservation of momentum such as in rockets or jet engines . Solve problems involving linear momentum Reminder Momentum as a vector quantity needs to be emphasized in problem solving JPNP MODULE Paper 1 .

Newton’s Second Law of Motion may be introduced here JPNP MODULE ENRICHMENT MODULE Paper 1 . F = • mv .10 questions Paper 2 Structured . Research and report situations where: When the forces acting on an objects are balanced they cancel each other out (nett force = 0).mu • define impulsive forces as the rate of change of momentum in a collision or explosion. describe the forces acting on an object: a) at rest b) moving at constant velocity c) accelerating Conduct experiments to find the relationship between: a) acceleration and mass of an object under constant force b) acceleration and force for a constant mass. • 13 2.2 questions Essay .e.5 Understanding the effects of a force A student is able to: • describe the effects of balanced forces acting on an object • describe the effects of unbalanced forces acting on an object With the aid of diagrams.mu t explain the effect of increasing or decreasing time of impact on the 7/26 . F = ma. Ft = mv . • give examples of situations involving impulsive forces • define impulse as a change of momentum.e. The object then behaves as if there is no force acting on it.Week Learning Objective Learning Outcomes solve problems involving momentum Suggested Activities Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources . i.5 questions Essay .2 questions Paper 3 Q2 – 1 question JPNP MODULE ENRICHMENT MODULE Paper 1 .e. Discuss a) impulse as a change of momentum b) an impulsive force as the rate of change of momentum in a collision or explosion c) how increasing or decreasing time of impact affects the magnitude of the impulsive force.2 questions Essay .6 Analysing impulse and impulsive force Solve problem using F = ma A student is able to: • explain what an impulsive force is . i. mass and acceleration i.2 questions • determine the relationship between force.2 questions Paper 3 Q2 – 1 question 12 2.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . Solve problems using F = ma View computer simulations of collision and explosions to gain an idea on impulsive forces.

7 Being aware of the need for safety features in vehicles A student is able to: • describe the importance of safety features in vehicles Research and report on the physics of vehicle collision and safety features in vehicles in terms of physics concepts.Week Learning Objective • Learning Outcomes magnitude of the impulsive force. Discuss the importance of safety features in vehicles.1 questions 8/26 . JPNP MODULE ENRICHMENT MODULE Paper 2 Essay . Describe situation where an impulsive force needs to be reduced and suggest ways to reduce it. • describe situation where an impulsive force is beneficial • solve problems involving impulsive forces a) Suggested Activities an impulsive force needs to be reduced and how it can be done b) an impulsive force is beneficial Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources Solve problems involving impulsive forces 14 2.

Discuss weight as the Earth’s gravitational force on an object Notes When considering a body falling freely.8 m/s2) is its acceleration but when it is at rest.8 N/kg) is the Earth’s gravitational field strength acting on it. discuss JPNP MODULE Paper 1 . With the aid of diagrams. an object at rest on an inclined plane.2 questions Essay .e. Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP MODULE • • state what a gravitational field is define gravitational field strength Paper 1 . g (=9.8 Understanding gravity Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • explain acceleration due to gravity Suggested Activities Carry out activity or view computer simulations to gain an idea of acceleration due to gravity. g (= 9. • solve problems involving acceleration due to gravity.10 questions Paper 2 Structured 9/26 . • 16 2.10 questions Paper 2 Structured .g. e. The weight of an object of fixed mass is dependent on the g exerted on it. Discuss a) acceleration due to gravity b) a gravitational field as a region in which an object experiences a force due to gravitational attraction and c) gravitational field strength (g) as gravitational force per unit mass Carry out an activity to determine the value of acceleration due to gravity.9 Analysing forces in equilibrium A student is able to: • describe situations where forces are in equilibrium • state what a resultant force is Solve problems involving acceleration due to gravity. W =mg. describe situations where forces are in equilibrium .1 questions • determine the value of acceleration due to gravity define weight (W) as the product of mass (m) and acceleration due to gravity (g) i. a book at rest on a table.Week 15 Learning Objective 2. With the aid of diagrams.

10/26 . energy. Give examples to illustrate how energy is transferred from one object to another when work is done Discuss the relationship between work done to accelerate a body and the change in kinetic energy Discuss the relationship between work done against gravity and gravitational potential energy. • Solve problems involving foces in equilibrium Suggested Activities the resolution and addition of forces to determine the resultant force. • Define power and state that P = W/t • Have students recall the different forms of energy.10 Understanding work.e. A student is able to: • Define work (W) as the product of an applied force (F) and displacement (s) of an object in the direction of the applied force i.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . • Resolve a force into the effective component forces .2 questions Solve problems involving forces in equilibrium (limited to 3 forces). Paper 1 . Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources . Carry out activities to measure JPNP MODULE 17 2. W = Fs. power and efficiency. Define kinetic energy and state that Ek = • 1 mv 2 2 • Define gravitational potential energy and state that Ep = mgh State the principle of conservation of energy. Carry out an activity to show the principle of conservation of energy State that power is the rate at which work is done. Observe and discus situations where work is done.Week Learning Objective • Learning Outcomes add two forces to determine the resultant force. P = W/t. Discuss that no work is done when: a) a force is applied but no displacement occurs b) an object undergoes a displacement with no applied force acting on it.2 questions • State that when work is done energy is transferred from one object to another.

Paper 1 .12 Understanding elasticity. Relate work done to elastic potential energy to obtain E p = Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources Explain what efficiency of a device is.Week Learning Objective • Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities power. Some is converted into heat or other types of energy. Maximising efficiency during energy transformations makes the best use of the available energy. energy. 2 Describe and interpret forceextension graphs. • Solve problems involving work. not all the energy is used to do useful work. A student is able to: • define elasticity • define Hooke’s Law JPNP MODULE • define elastic potential energy and state that E p = 1 kx 2 2 1 kx 2 . A student is able to: • recognize the importance of maximising efficiency of devices in conserving resources.11 Appreciating the importance of maximising the efficiency of devices.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . Discuss that when an energy transformation takes place. Plan and conduct an experiment to find the relationship between force and extension of a spring. JPNP MODULE Paper 1 .2 questions Paper 3 Q1 – 1 questions 11/26 . energy. This helps to conserve resources Carry out activities to gain an idea on elasticity.2 questions Essay . power and efficiency. power and efficiency 18 2. Discuss efficiency as: Useful energy output x 100 % Energy input Evaluate and report the efficiencies of various devices such as a diesel engine. a petrol engine and an electric engine.5 questions 19 2. Solve problems involving work.

1 question • determine the factors that affect elasticity. • Solve problems involving elasticity 12/26 . 20 • Describe applications of elasticity Research and report on applications of elasticity. Solve problems involving elasticity.Week Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources Q2 – 1 questions Essay . Investigate the factors that affects elasticity.

2 questions Essay .g. Observe situations to form ideas that pressure in liquids: a) acts in all directions b) increases with depth Observe situations to form the idea that pressure in liquids increases with density Relate depth (h) .1 questions Paper 3 Q1 -1 Essay .1 question 13/26 .2 Understanding pressure in liquids A student is able to: • relate depth to pressure in a liquid • relate density to pressure in a liquid explain pressure in a liquid and state that P = hρ g describe applications of pressure in liquids.1 Understanding pressure Learning Outcomes A student is able to: Suggested Activities Observe and describe the effect of a force acting over a large area compared to a small area.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . Paper 1 . FORCES AND PRESSURE Week 21 Learning Objective 3.LEARNING AREA: 3. • • • Solve problems involving pressure in liquids. Solve problems involving pressure Notes Introduce the unit of pressure pascal (Pa) (Pa = N/m2) Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP MODULE • Define pressure and state that P = F A • • Describe applications of pressure solve problems involving pressure Paper 1 .1 question JPNP MODULE 22 3.1 questions Paper 3 Essay . Discuss pressure as force per unit area Research and report on applications of pressure. school shoes versus high heeled shoes.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . e. density (ρ ) and gravitational field strength (g) to pressure in liquids to obtain P = hρ g Research and report on a) the applications of pressure in liquids b) ways to reduce the negative effect of pressure in liquis Solve problems involving pressure in liquids.2 questions Essay .

2 questions • 24 3.Week Learning Objective 3.3 m water= 101300 Pa 1 milibar = 100 Pa Paper 1 .1 question Essay – 1 P3. aneroid barometer).essay.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . JPNP MODULE • Explain hydraulic system Paper 1 . Observe situations to form the idea that pressure exerted on an enclosed liquid is transmitted equally to every part of the liquid Discuss hydraulic systems as a force multiplier to obtain: Outpur force = output piston area Input force input piston area • describe applications of atmospheric pressure solve problems involving atmospheric pressure and gas pressure Student need to be introduced to instruments used to measure gas pressure (Bourdon Gauge) and atmospheric pressure (Fortin barometer. Working principle of the instrument is not required.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . 1 atmosphere = 760 mmHg = 10.3 Understanding gas pressure and atmospheric pressure Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP MODULE 23 A student is able to: • explain gas pressure Carry out activities to gain an idea of gas pressure and atmospheric Discuss gas pressure in terms of the behaviour of gas molecules based on the kinetic theory • explain atmospheric pressure Discuss atmospheric pressure in terms of the weight of the atmosphere acting on the Earth’s surface Discuss the effect of altitude on the magnitude of atmospheric pressure Research and report on the application of atmospheric pressure Solve problems involving atmospheric and gas pressure including barometer and manometer readings. Introduce other units of atmospheris pressure.1 14/26 .4 Applying Pascal’s principle A student is able to: • state Pascal’s principle.

Paper 2 Structured . A student is able to: • Explain buoyant force • Relate buoyant force to the weight of the liquid displaced Have students recall the different forms of energy. Conduct an experiment to investigate the relationship between the weight of water displaced and the buoyant force.5 Applying Archimedes’ principle. • Research and report on the application of Pascal’s principle (hydraulic systems) Solve problems involving Pascal’s principle Carry out an activity to measure the weight of an object in air and the weight of the same object in water to gain an idea on buoyant force. JPNP MODULE 25 3.1 question • State Archimedes’ principle. Solve problems involving Pascal’s principle. Discuss buoyancy in terms of: a) An object that is totally or partially submerged in a fluid experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of fluid displaced b) The weight of a freely floating object being equal to the weight of fluid displaced c) a floating object has a density less than or equal to the density of the fluid in which it is floating.Week Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources • Describe applications of Pascal’s principle. • Describe applications of Archimedes principle 15/26 .

blowing through straw.2 question Essay – 1 • Describe applications of Bernoulli’s principle • Solve problems involving Bernoulli’s principle 16/26 . e. Research and report on the applications of Bernoulli’s principle.Week Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities Research and report on the applications of Archimedes’ principle. e. hydrometers. between two pingpong balls suspended on strings. Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources Solve problems involving Archimedes principle 26 3. blowing above a strip of paper. Build a Cartesian diver.g. View a computer simulation to observe air flow over an arofoil to gain an idea on lifting force. hot air balloons Solve problems involving Archimedes’ principle. Carry out activities to gain the idea that when the speed of a flowing fluid increases its pressure decreases. Solve problems involving Bernoulli’s principle. A student is able to: • State Bernoulli’s principle • Explain that resultant force exists due to a difference in fluid pressure JPNP MODULE Paper 1 .g.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . Discuss Bernoulli’s principle Carry out activities to show that a resultant force exists due to a difference in fluid pressure. Discuss wy the diver can be made to move up and down. submarines.6 Understanding Bernoulli’s principle.

Week Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources 17/26 .

b) the same amount of heat is used to heat the same mass of different liquids.10 questions Paper 2 Structured .5 questions Paper 2 Structured . Observe th change in temperature when: a) the same amount of heat is used to heat different masses of water. Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • Explain thermal equilibrium Suggested Activities Carry out activities to show that thermal equilibrium is a condition in which there is no nett heat flow between two objects in thermal contact Use the liquid-in-glass thermometer to explain how the volume of a fixed mass of liquid may be used to define a temperature scale. Discuss specific heat capacity Notes Minimun requirement & sources JPNP MODULE • Explain how a liquid in glass thermometer works Paper 1 .LEARNING AREA:4.2 Understanding specific heat capacity A student is able to: • Define specific heat capacity ( c) • State that c = Q mc Heat capacity only relates to a particular object whereas specific heat capacity relates to a material JPNP MODULE Paper 1 . HEAT Week 27 Learning Objective 4.1 Determine capacity of a • Determine capacity of a • the specific heat liquid.1 Understanding thermal equilibrium.2 question Essay – 2 P3.Q2.2 question Essay – 2 28 4. the specific heat solid Plan and carry out an activity to determine the specific heat capacity of a) a liquid b) a solid Guide students to analyse the unit of c as Jg k − 1 K − 1 or Jg k − o 1 C − 1 18/26 .

Suggested Activities Research and report on applications of specific heat capacity. solidification. Solve problems involving specific heat capacity. • Determine the specific latent heat of vaporization • • Solve problems involving specific latent heat Solve problems involving specific latent heat.2 question Essay – 2 P3. Carry out an activity to show that there is no change in temperature when heat is supplied to: a) a liquid at its boiling point.3 Understanding specific latent heat A student is able to: • State that transfer of heat during a change of phase does not cause a change in temperature JPNP MODULE Paper 1 .10 questions Paper 2 Structured .1 • • Define specific latent heat (l State that l = Q m ) Guide students to analyse the unit of (l kg as J − 1 ) Determine the specific latent heat of a fusion. boiling and condensation as processes involving energy transfer without a change in temperature. discuss melting.Learning Week Objective • Learning Outcomes Describe applications of asepsific heat capacity Solve problems involving specific heat capacity.Q1. 19/26 . Discuss a) latent heat in terms of molecular behaviour b) specific latent heat Plan and carry out an activity to determine the specific latent heat of a) fusion b) vaporisation Notes Minimun requirement & sources • 29 4. With the aid of a cooling and heating curve. b) a solid at its melting point.

10 questions Paper 2 Structured .e p/T = constant Explain absolute zero Explain the absolute/Kelvin scale of temperature Solve problems involving pressure. i. i. Suggested Activities Use a model or view computer simulations on the bahaviour of molecules of a fixed mass of gas to gain an idea about gas pressure.3 • 31 • • • • Determine the relationship between pressure and volume at constant temperature for a fixed mass of gas. temperature and volume of a fixed mass of gas • 20/26 . i. temperature and volume in terms of gas molecules.Q2.5 question P3. temperature and volume of a fixed mass of gas.4 Understanding the gas laws Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • explain gas pressure. Notes Minimun requirement & sources JPNP Module Paper 1 .1 Essay . Discuss absolute zero and the Kelvin scale of temperature Solve problems involving the pressure.Learning Week Objective 30 4.e pV = constant Determine the relationship between volume and temperature at constant pressure for a fixed mass of gas. Plan and carry out an experiment on a fixed mass of gas to determine therelationship between: a) pressure and volume at constant temperature b) volume and temperature at constant pressure c) pressure and temperature at constant volume Extrapolate P-T and V-T graphs or view computer simulations to show that when pressure and volume are zero the temperature on a P-T and V-T graph is – 2730C. volume and temperature in terms of the behaviour of molecules based on the kinetic theory. Discuss gas pressure. temperature and volume.e V/T = constant Determine the relationship between pressure and temperature at constant volume for a fixed mass of gas.

LEARNING AREA:5.10 questions Paper 2 Structured .1 Understanding reflection of light.Essay .1 .1 State the laws of reflection of light • Draw ray diagrams to show the position and characteristics of the image formed by a i.1 question Essay . Discuss that the image is: a) as far behind the mirror as the object is in front and the line joining the object and image is perpendicular to the mirror. concave mirror • • Describe applications of reflection of light Solve problems involving reflection of light Construct a device based on the application of reflection of light • • 21/26 . LIGHT Week 28 Learning Objective 5. Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • Describe the characteristic of the image formed by reflection of light Suggested Activities Observe the image formed in a plane mirror. convex mirror iii.1 . plane mirror ii. b) the same size as the object c) virtual d) laterally inverted Discuss the laws of reflection Draw the ray diagrams to determine the position and characteristics of the image formed by a a) plane mirror b) convex mirror c) concave mirror Research and report on applications of reflection of light Solve problems involving reflection of light Construct a device based on the application of reflection of light Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP Module Paper 1 .1 question Paper 3 .Q2 .Q1.

as η . discuss real depth and apparent depth.g.Q1. Speed of light in a vacuum Speed of light in a medium Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP Module Paper 1 . the twinkling of stars. as • Research and report on phenomena due to refraction.10 questions Paper 2 Structured . apparent depth. Speed of light in a vacuum Speed of light in a medium Describe phenomena due to refraction η .2 Understanding refraction of light.1 .1 .1 • Define refractive index as η= sini sinr • Determine the refractive index of a glass or Perspex block • State the refractive index. Carry out activities to gain an idea of apparent depth.2 questions Essay . Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • Explain refraction of light Suggested Activities Observe situations to gain an idea of refraction Conduct an experiment to find the relationship between the angle of incidence and angle of refraction to obtain Snell’s law.Week 29 Learning Objective 5. Carry out an activity to determine the refractive index of a glass or perspex block Discuss the refractive index. With the aid of diagrams. e.Q2 .2 questions Paper 3 . Solve problems involving refraction of light • Solve problems involving refraction of light 22/26 .Essay .

3 Understanding total internal reflection of light.10 questions Paper 2 Structured .g. Determine the focal point and focal length of convex and concave lenses.2 question Essay .Q1.e η = 1 sin c Describe natural phenomenon involving total internal reflection • Describe applications of total internal reflection • • Solve problems involving total internal reflection 31 5. in telecommunication using fibre optics. Learning Outcomes A student is able to: • Explain total internal reflection of light • Define critical angle (c) Suggested Activities Carry out activities to show the effect of increasing the angle of incidence on the angle of refraction when light travels from a denser medium to a less dense medium to gain an idea about total internal reflection and to obtain the critical angle.4 Understanding lenses.2 questions 23/26 . Discuss with the aid of diagrams: a) total internal reflection and critical angle b) the relationship between critical angle and refractive angle Research and report on a) natural phenomena involving total internal reflection b) the applications of total reflection e.Week 30 Learning Objective 5.1 question Paper 3 . Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources JPNP Module Paper 1 . A student is able to: • Explain focal point and focal length • determine the focal point and focal length of a convex lens • determine the focal point and focal length of a concave lens JPNP Module Paper 1 . Solve problems involving total internal reflection Use an optical kit to observe and measure light rays traveling through convex and concave lenses to gain an idea of focal point and focal length.10 questions Paper 2 Structured .2 questions Essay .1 • Relate the critical angle to the refractive index i.

Q2 .1 .Q1.1 Reinforcement module.1 .Essay . 24/26 .Week Learning Objective Learning Outcomes Suggested Activities Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources Paper 3 .

With the help of ray diagrams. the use of lenses in optical devices. Carry out activities to gain an idea on the use of lenses in optical devices. Solve problems involving to lenses. 25/26 . v u 1 1 1 = + f u v Carry out activities to gain an idea of magnification. Solve problems involving to lenses • Nota : 1. with the aid of ray diagrams.e. Minggu yang dicadangkan adalah minggu pengajaran sahaja. With the help of ray diagrams.Week 31. v and f • Describe. discuss the use of lenses in optical devices such as a telescope and microscope Construct an optical device that uses lenses. discuss focal point and focal length Draw ray diagrams to show the positions and characteristic of the images formed by a a) convex lens b) concave lens Notes Minimum Requirement & Sources • • Define magnification as m = Relate focal length (f) to the object distance (u) and image distance (v) i. Carry out activities to find the relationship between u. 32 Learning Objective • Learning Outcomes Draw ray diagrams to show the positions and characteristics of the images formed by a convex lens. tidak termasuk minggu aktiviti dan minggu ujian dan peperiksaan. • Draw ray diagrams to show the positions and characteristics of the images formed by a concave lens. • Construct an optical device that uses lenses. Suggested Activities With the help of ray diagrams. discuss magnification.

2. 3. Ketua Panitia perlu memasukkan tarikh setiap minggu berkenaan. Ketua Panitia perlu menyesuaikan minggu pengajaran yang dicadangkan dengan aktiviti sekolah masing-masing. 26/26 .

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