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A IUn ~versidade no

Re.fol1ma U 11lversltaria de 196B

Bras ill:: das 0 fll ge n s a

University in Brazil: from its origins to university reiorm _' 19fj'B

S!iLIJa,ILS l~liIIIilli'!iilli d~";:rP;j:~r.I;IC' i~!~\ ~or.::j_4~J.lc8 lIlJ:f:i!Si!, ~1~,(;\lILil~i:JJ au ~rnp(!· ~l no ~ i[li~o.dilllRe:p1i!lJliica, que l1~a,'Ii... erurn &.:i10\ Re_g,;:;ll,'.n promL!lgll~~ de vfu:i.o:s .m!lpl.J~iL'i"iPl.I:i-I~,S>iiS re.r0.fi;!ljl~ ,al~ ~s1I{j.;, ~1~r'IIljt 11;1 1'liiI,l1£ii:'ill R~~jbhea, ;embr1rn:li t"liay~\' Ilk: uni versidudes 1~~1i1 side '~l~rgiW<L p~~rJ i(k~';"~JTI'~ F'e~raI alii- 19,m.. q~liido foi insrimfda a Ulli vcrsidade do Ri!'i< de J:LI1!!ir!(1" {URJ), Ricgi~1n wm.;]il.liI:lI ;;!;h;w;!il d~' 2Jl.), us di:!lf!.f.s~ ~ t\r,;;1tili,'mi;J; Ur.;:wi IJ:-~m &::B;I~{' daj~~aOCr:rlliri U(f~.i.I~il.1de Ci~l:i{'ia~ !icl!t'C{;onrep'/j.r~, 1(1~ .::: modelas de [ill~\!¢r~i~l;u;l~_ A,II~ll~ <II ~~r('fflrl~,&t"!i1l~i,lIoiJ.Stifi~n"'rd£. rr.ll~' ~i8CCIC:iI!!iPll~{ ~?J j e ~ljil ~t'i1d{ioci~ i:ooLml~~iKh:ml, m~i5!lr.moo 00 ~t'E'.i'l..l1.fo I R~~~IIlliIl!i~i\!i::ffild~d:de SiiJ.1P,a~o p'iJ34J C; dn Ulll'i/iCrsidaoc do, Dj~ill'ii~) f~~I'iI] ~:i 3!;)" ~iiJ~~~~;J.m ~ ~'l'IE{'P\:ij~~ ,tli~lii1t~ (I. ~~I.j!I '~.;jcrili!. Sil~m a ~llS[I~l,:!i~'~1J Url Ulliv('r::;i(w,k: do Bra.sil 0917) CDM.O' moddD [t.!dr,i'lo. rnada'~!liiI1920 ,(URj) ~'t'$I)IT,S.;!!![h<it_~ 1'9j.:I. lli~~I!I~ ~,mil ....;rSid~ '[i!lJ' ~Iil ~i'!M5. ,1ki1~llil..!' ii temndu de (lDJIs~l'icia de:5JJiL:~i[tt.3~lo ''!lirim lfKIL' :sctf~.Qa ooe.i;:d~.~Je:! aparrlr dns ;111l1$ ;'0" L!', ~['11 '~j'leci;l.1..l'~ l~ai:'l~l4l. iI'lrlvl. m.'!J'I«:i ~i.1IJ;i~!TililII'iD II1IIJ::iI(,idlJs unns 6{1, A~~nl3 al;glll1~~ IDJdn~ oo[ini:s. ~lJJl'rLnw:; dos,~J:(J[1!'.b;J.fi MEC'flJSAID, 4:1 'P1;1r.)(ji\~~1.1Ijdr. i~d;!,~l'IriL'l' I! M~ir.:L M4~,Ji;I'IDJli~a,a, R!::kinna Ui'll;.'en;iiiiri~ d_b I~ ~ suss !f{Xn5r.q~l\Ci~ puru III:!.lili'1i:!~~ i;!rrh'i:r.'!'lll~r:imi, w1!'s-cli;,lL'e: UI~iv~f!ii<t:tdi:-: [J~lh~_r~!.li'I.!'Can Brn~il: R::rcri'Tm Uaiversi-

ThC" ai1J~I",

~H~la~~ !III: ;1~1~1i'lpl'~ tI~ ..::n:rnion f(;;r a CDI'Kl)' up [.1)

tbe Emp.ire und ~I"j{' 'oc-gioni'ng of ~tI~ 1R~,1]1,,;; !i)oI;!i'ilI):.!s, 'Iio'ill~h"w~~ 1JI11~~~rl!l. U ~iv.~m tli;: i~I!iI'tI: rlr~I'I:~1 tc.ga'l .nIJJMlrJ.tIlli~~ ('(Jf"tllClllim.g. hig'ltCHiJilcatimli dll:l"il\!!:ih~' nrrsi.Republic, !!'H'fI Lili(lu,gh 1!tiC' ~i:\0iIl1jJ"j ~jr~li~iv~r.$i~i~ ,~S;j.~'liI;"ll'¢~1~(i,1:Wlll~lpiJ!iCt1 ~!I:llii 'I!iiW b')! ,hI:' Ft'dl'\T.lJ1 G(I<v~r,nlll"ieI~Ic. yt'3T'io v.iI1il(:h ~l:1c Ulll'i'l,'~~i'IJ of RtL:! de Jan ..... iro \Ji;L~ (:i'(!';!ll~. h <libl;1,~~4.iiIJ'IIII~tl~CS.h~i,li~~~!s~imi5 ~~ni(!~ rnll ",'i!hi I~ ~h1.!' ILh'l~il ian A\""#oclTl'ic~ of S('i~m[C"S :tll,j, elf EihlCiil.illru ubnui fh e cnneepes, ffUlmioo~ and rn0t!8l:'i. or L!l11,h~fl-,lny_"I'h':!' al:'l!Lclit:!3i11;JJI~~~ ~I~ ~.(!ifl['ilr"I [,It Hi~~r I~J!K."Li[," 1;;,1 FliIJ1~i;&m C:iJI!lI)J~ HI1IJ ~) .1f1ddl!-CU::.:st':'i, its Cl'l1trfil~~i 1Ii!1 approach. ~~!MlljX)."int~ IILC:C!"i!",;)1 of dlo! U!l1I~fSli~ oif Silo ~';ru]CI € i 1i';'.:1!)iLlili n!'!!J lhtl~ ,t1 Ltl!:' Unll"(,rMLy lF~rklfil Di::;1ri~1. (a")]:y) ill ,Ix: snme period, ~lIili'n<? ,0111 that ihesc ~)t~~~ !~.bfk,~I~1 L'fir.lCI!Ii[!;, ~ClI~~ f~l'al' r:dtlJi'l1~~1. II ~i!LI~~eS I hi,,' 'Uni ..-crsil~ ~r :nI,w;d1 (1917) i1S :;! :IIJI;:>u'cI, ~-;reill'C!J 'in I. 9::'lO under thr ,LklK!'rnililuri~1[j oJIIRJ urul ret~JJgElIID!l ill u93l. ThJ:" a.."Ilklc: ;]Ifli~ eli !ib11~!«:S il'K! 1!Ii.h~~hy !!!i:c~ll)4;5. hiii!:I~'I~I!lh!;iillgIh~ i!Wi.IJ'Cl~~ olits siJlml1P!.m ~ '~~"(,I"'JlI :;~rl(l'!1; onl-.c !;L1!:iCly from ill(!" ~ eownrds, Elill.1iClU!mily cOllliermi'~, the I;'ok: of ~1!JOCLll:i trtlOH.'I'I1i!"iih in ~1'Iot 1~:;:iMiJl~$ 'Ilf !JI~~. ! I, 8Jn.t;;:.~,·l!ll~ IJftil;liilll
(min 111.::: IJiniIC~LW~
ml:<'I-:>l!~~ !..i]f;;i.'nas il rusult or the ~f"JXmcm~ M ECJUSAID.; o[ !Iil~'i~[!!!Xi PI Olij.m'icl ofthe Meir,~ M.-ri[C!~l"e1XH'L I~dlscusses ~h~ tJlllv~~II.Y n:d[)tr~.(]f i ;l)fi8 and I~s~:M~I~ILQ(!S ~IJrIII;,:'1'!1i".~sijt)i jn:-;IRu.ign~,

'Dr universities

il~ '1lr.!Z"il,

1.'1!:<lI.i~iJt:Il: OO~·II,;['~~;).mus como po;!!rI...;! (!e: ums 'i'Q~a!.i..d::!lde, de 'lJIni proceeso social i~lPp!l'i,(Ie 1;!1li!.'! pm'bI.i::In::i:l.i(,.":J mais :s,el:lil d~J :pai":!;" ,Ern d~ciJf!~Il<,:i1l! d~ c~i!JdL1S e pe~qjLlli.SlLS R"l~1iZOO()S scbre iii Mst&,rii.l da ~! i 'I ersiilml'i.'; lrrnailei ru, ~ LUI s [t.rigi:i'liS, desen vol vi me n to .e i mpass es n "l,ivtm..::i:1doB iJt,e u f{!:::f'tll.'.IJiil. UilU ...ei.'Si~:(Ii:i~de I%8. 1Xl,I~r~5~-'i.l1, ~lb:,er""8r qlll'l:: h.j, !)1m. 11}]liJ1:(io c1.tm~f.lhl) ,L ~rt.~rre:r. N,iio se pt-e1e~de rlfillTmm. corn i~m. que mlgum;l.S, ccmqniSi;u. ... jti ru"io '!YL~ fi:i'X!iI"lJ.lJl sentir, r.·!~sLt: eriltli':lo, a [,iii i versldade 4i r .;::omv'(II';:Llid~1~I,ser {I! palco de diss ussces sobre :i"L soeiedade, mas !l(llO f.;:m 'i)!:r.lllO~ p[lri1m~n[e ~~!)fPoo~. ,~b5t!lli~l~_ ])i!:'ii'i!: ser (11 e~p!l!tO ern q!lJe se ,"1~!i!:;11,",Ilive 111mpensemente ,!~t~rii::[k'\l"tli{;~) de id"eia;s" (rpini(lIe&; pw:k·i0Ililini~il.w~.

unnl i:yjd~u Jbm de umu

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(I

cncaminhamento

de propt~12IS,

L': .~l'~rI~i)ili 'liilJS

piJJ~

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,di,}!i,p:tob!ellllldS.., N'ill rt:shl I.MI'IIid~, de CjILi~ e5S~~ tL!!refO!3.!;!01~~tituGfI1 'lIIrn 8prCIlaiZ-il"db dii':iciU e por vezes e:';:Ln~st~'!.'o,mas 'l1!C"l!css.tiri~)_ N{I' entLiinm, ~eri;1. i:rll2l~nu idhd.'c' pelll£Dr t]l!Je il ,t.;rii~~ r:J.rJlJI. in~ptl~~e8 que ~~
illS~imi~es IIJlliveU5it:tri:!l~ ~~fre:llItilfiliITil "I[.I~ ~ tMcilcl(;l ode 00 ,uo, S~~fLl p;!1s~,,00 ~' restriagem 1iIUII i ';I'!!i11~d:jj~, Ol.!l ~~ ci,n:.~u~~r.j!\i\L"m al1~,'I imites do UI",I veri5ilji oDut:i1o;;iI)'Jlii11, A ~~!'i='-@ da univeesidcdc pode ~er rei,i~tilJ' lil:l~irnhil l"l!Jill~ 0 1,;0lafiiSQ de ill:iti'liLII~oe£ I1:xi~.;::Il~.e:o;.n a soeiedade tWC'lsllei!'L que '~i1r) sntisfazem iL1ll ,[il~ :aieliu~im i!I~ 'i~l;lA!jI~~ ~;~ ~ !iIl;J, ordem e, 11(, '~mn tempo, ill nrla
I!!~ it.iJ!!h!l!!~ ~~I,lm,ido .Iellte.s., 'Uffi.iJ. qill:e~l:jjo

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~ocL!lpali"lnos em
IJII.

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fX1pel :!It,ento, tIi responder :iis m.eG~!i~i(La~ emerirnpiie: pUff que, no iil'f~'i(l'do ~ec~I.!,i)X X I, Il""~ C!j~~I~j~:iI l..:m'ivei'Si/d~1,!: I'LQPim~iJ. situsndo SU:1i Mstrir,i~ e
um
~ii:

pur ela vividos ale us .'oo~ 6D!! sobre 02~SOl,llU,eS,~"j,'i).1";;(Id'e·se ln ref!r qu,e; (!!l,glll,l'is desses t s~~ '!,!iv.ioo~ pihn lU:oi'l,''C~i(l~~ !i!O ilr::i~il puderiam ester i i,!!!ooos iii pmbtS:~tIi d~~;) hiI8~ituifJiU1"na ~ocii!:odade bmsiieir,1. lBil'.:itii! leJnbr,il.iI" Ci.l.!e ~'I,I

Refki

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lil.i:i rnos anes sobre 11 I.mi ~rsidiRie

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snbre

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~m ~ t parte, ~iI1~ pensada e "'L~,i.~ CAllnl(1l urn bem eulturnl ofer'I!C'ldn li, ~. &em umu .denl~i~iilJ! clasu nn sentide de que, PlU: mu:~ pr6pri"l~ • d~~~ri,n se ccastitu if ern eSj)iJ.;ljiCide .i il';"~Hi.g;jl~;l1) ci:e.:~tin~:lje die

Ila;rn 1!'IIfi~o.,

t:iL'l.-'~L': l1eiX'::S;!:;arnCI

miiio S~ fjJz ~m !~];!jCl{li1ill' eSSLi iiIS1l:i~.u i~;till ",o.IJli D iI:~Jnj~ln~Ll Wi;:: iewl&:. mil cia '(~iei.l di<i :.'>lJil dhlr~'I'i~:Lt:i, pnMlic,,'l. 0 p,;mw de ~l1:ida P(il~, qlJ~lqu:cr Ji'!';I_':!'!~sW ~I}bre lIni'lll1!rS5Dw:te I1:lD pode-.n.; ~~I'. pt:)I'ii:::1:r1!t<o, "'I) fen6merHj 1J.i'liIi'lt!rs:it.;'iri>Lt

nm (J.!;!:

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itS i1i!IJdiJ.l~;]S ;;liml!ljtLd~.

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essa que ~e\,i;':I'i;!l ~,ril,;ur!ltr e t~1:"

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~"\IJmn prcocupn~.ii,'iJ' l)(1~m.ar-:s.e CO<rfltlJ' ";<lnlc!eri\ I:h.-il till} !l."'lJli he;;;:im~I~[~i

JR

~11~ .I. BI 0, pCII' In~iiO' dl", C:lrta ,M~i,a de 4 de dezembro, IllS[inddiil 'll'\.corcJe;· ['.iIIi.il. Heal M:i i itsr, iI111!!J,g:LUOOil em ,ilhril do .jlru_i ~e~li,1ilI~e, Fci [jes~", AI,!;r;d~nl~3 que se ilITlpl.uJlltm til mlIV1C"leo '1InLO;::'i;;r1 ~n!"'~ ESDnJ:Ji de 'EI1l~'nlmr.iil da UPRJI od:-r,
A l'riSllori::1 1:1.21. lTi.jJ.(~l~ de I!.n~i!o'l':'rS~d,<iclc I1!!J IEk~IS'il revel it, 'iil1.j.:.:"i<lh~~~I:e,; ' c(!l[jSid~r,ri.~I, lI~isti!I~CL~, sejiJ. ~ [\ol't!.!g:al. como reflexc de sua pol ilk:~, de eCl;lol'1iz~"i'io, ~~;;L!~l p,nriie: ell!; l'loi'~;;.i d I~il"{l~. (!I1JIe; T!i'ltl ~'i,;[mj'i.!~tif1 ... ~i'lf"~~.j]. a ~
t;riill~iii!J' de
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rer com

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C(J~olli:ri. considerundo
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ik~ el i I~

da 6jJo!..':.a pl"O(;illtillg~elii

muis para D'li.':.i.LI:imr reus

cstudos ~~~~f10r~:s()'fO,.\(Tlt. 19;:i7. I), $8il)~SgI). Desde IOi::!u. '1,~,g(.\l]'-::1 <I ('urou, poetuguesn nes jcsu ilES que. ai nda 1'10 siS::ulo xv,r. lentaram crifi-la

na (':(I~(jiihl.

Eli; d!!(;ol'1"ilrnl":i.jJ., 05 ulunus ~r;lrlrullidDs nm c()legi~J~ jes1Uflll'!:. iurn
(I[J P!!ll~

PJlfil; a U fli versidade doe: Coi inbr.~ f m d!!: eornpletar SI:"U~ csrudos.
EI~ll'(: :1IS 1:eIlliI'll~liv~

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TI1!:,Cl-n"id!!:nd:li

de ('r,i~~jJ0 de Llfl i ~id.!ld\= J"'l Elmsil. :00 km~~l des no i~i"~I, u.~ i,ii'lel~~i?ies. iii que I;;l:mMi11!';I,0.:1 jlge.l1u" dn 'M.i:oc:i:l'..l_ Tllllti::li i "":tJ" ~~m ;!j! ~ i til, ~)IJ~iinuam ,1)04' p].j1 i", de ~l in
cern :} tmnsferenciu d:l! sede da MiI'il1;!1r,qm.i:1,11':1111

IJrum delas coincide

B[',!J.ii~" !~01t~~M. nso seriu ~ il,ger(l i nferir (!jUI.: l'(~r'u I:"!~! exerceu, :tile "" fhmi, dill :Pr~me.i;m ];teil1~]do. y:J,liId~ irr:l'lll,J~nci!Ji rr" t(illtn;;:r'S,~o t~ FlOS~;)S elites. Tooocs 00 ~~:I'OI\'()S de I;ri,iJ;~·.ii~J de universidndes, 110~ p!:"rfmllli ,ct1:'h.':iI1,i,a~e [lTI()I1jrql,!l!I.>I). 'for,ii.1n .ImJQ,~v'i!OOS, l,'! Ci,lI{: denoia uma puli'tk.l de ;(:un~ro~e pur

~r~:~ao ,000 eursus jUrJdii'cos; em i8\2', ~11!St~Jm:lo!> ItoO aae ~:r1.uit]o· de mi!ll,\tiI de I &28, ill) COiWt!m~'O de SiW f'!~~ isce, em sao POlulo. i;i £lu~m 110 M~)sl.e:iro de s..uo '~e!1~:O,i!:!Tl O!'!'ilIda, ern ].'i' de; maio daquei Ie ane. Se,~.lI:md(i; JioaQ RQi)e:"ni'Q ~']{lmi,r,a, esses doi S CUirStlS pi.lSS~lln ill ~.eir' gt.'],i1.de i,n:ll [!i~nd.:J.11::11 fi['jnn~80 de elites e nil lm::l~tal idade pol niea 00' hl1~:II!. ;'io. Cvns.liHI.~m, sern du vida, ,r::eTht~ (I~ iii:T,ilJi1il':i.alv de IilO~'1lIS io~ijo;l~filo:;AitiC~i de nrm'~m'l!illl{l8 liil~~.;1ril}S, ~ ctelb,,'~es~ ,O:i:ieu.:!;~Ms, culturais Clue interessavum .u me!m..Ui;i;lodG dla Cpm'cll., E muis, lomu:rru-a" pr0t'ed""I'(:~' de quadl.ro.'i' p21L'a :t!i;~C"mhl;:'E:.r.s_ piJflJ; 0 glJll"(:r'lll} das ptol}vrilci,as e ttlllnl14m IP:JtITi iJ; ;)S so,v-ernl) ~~nl.rIl~ ~:wOl:.:[fP...t\, 1%0" p,5J}, No Iml;.!r~!.}. ouuns 1~lI'1It~1~iiv~15 i.TI:.r:.;,::1ioe: I!J III 'l!el1>ido.L.Jl"s e tizelolffi de d s :«m ,e;o;.it(l~ IJI1l10dclns lui ,:J.pre~[t,I1I:m;] pelo pnlpdo '[inp.;::~"ldo~. ;e m :)u~ uUti.illim Rr!!;u do Trmw, (1889), 'pmpclIllil.1l) LiJ l;,:-d;tl'S,ii.0de (JI,!I'-s IIL1h;(i!r~id!Id:e:;;, umu liD NlMbe e mHtLl no Sul d[l; p<)r~, que pnd~~rimll >l:(lns.Hu ir-se ,i..X":litroS de alra 0I8!li!li.~'S!i(l! ,C,i;J;!lIIil:rriC:l e I i'l~nkim.
<I
U

WJe. [Ila C~~iT!.!i"S¥iO

,0::1 M~tr6p(~le iii:" qJlli1ll'q!:ter il'1ida'! ivn q!l~ ~'i~~LI [l!lhr.'1s-..Vii!sinnis de, i Fide~~d~nci,il (TI~~!lJTLlIe pol itk., du C'oitmi,ii (I:,h'um, 2[}OO. p. ~:8-19~. ~'r.riIp{!lJi:li ~1):111It!l".'r'",ill.:;!;]! que, rnesmo como, ~d~ da MoOl1.1lqUUii. tl' H:rmd I, ,c>Cmis·egru:e 'UiP)'.!::IiW r~ fu I1C ie namen to de O! Ug~I,r.Il.~,~ escolas super! I)~~~ de: C;!I r;.'i2~~,r s 'jjH:di s~i(t'liializaute, Ou rej.u... (~ novu ensine superior .Il:l~~I, 500 !\:I ~i:J!:nl),do Esl.'loo N.aciG"li;:r.'I'" ~CU:"lIi"'" I oso, p. 62)_ A If,mrti:r de !i2l0S, soo eriados eur5LlS e ueadcm ias dffii!lill1'./IOOs a to rm iN', sobretudo, PJ"(~fi~~iQ.Jl;il'i:!; pam t' EsMdo, ilI~~im come especial istns II;!!, pmdlJ~1!ia. ,g'~ bcns ~iJnbo.Jicoo" e mf.i)l lJ]aI~I,);, i~!vez., &gCll'lil!:I€iri~). pmflssion:.lii:s de ni\'Ei m6dio (n:?iIIA, 1.'98(1 t.
parte N!2~~~ (:cmiie::.:.t,O\, 11© ilFiO
~;Jj

de ~$'9 [, 0 ~'Mi,lm superior e lilllimti,do COIJl!."!' ll.rilb.,l.IIi~.J'o 60 ~~r Central, 1l]21~ !'uio excl usivsmente. ])l;.': 18 B9' ;;r~~ a Revol.~i\r~(Iode 19'30. $I ~A~~t'!(!o superlor IilU ~~i~, sofreu 'tarj;Jr,'i. :rlte:['Q~'oi)e~~n1 ,Oel.'lDrri:I1{!i::l d31 , . ill) de diferentes di~p:)j,i,l:i Yi;lS, Ir._g!,:lii's. "S~LI itl'r...:io crliiu:.-ide com a i:l!m.qm pos~tl vis~i.I nlJ; p!}Ullkll ed.w::mdLlI:J~~. ~lI\n1-l;iiJa iP(:l~ LUiJLi~ii0 de Ben~ io C~flIs';;;lln;t.da :! ,i)OO~18.91" (ClI~HIi" j 9030, 1;>, 1,3"2', Thl Q~i:r:n~~I~.~jl e
'mill:>. .Il!i,:el~tlJiild21 iJll-m
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outsas

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lernbrar

R~rm!f!1i;!

:P:i'l!fio(ivi;:r

(:mre 11, em

191 ,U. 'qllM.': UI'1:s.-

tITIi'l~li1ligl1l~

d::J FilIrl'1l1i:1i RC:l~U pum

'I)

1];.[11:-

.~ill ,6 i.TImdo.; pm '[kcrem dl'" LS ,Ie f~ve~~,iw~, I 300" ;;) Cli!f~1). ,Me.dicl) de CirL:lrl!j:n ~i!il. BilIhb ;;::. ~m _~ de l1o'i,'el1llbru do !TI~~II;'IQ ;j!1i1C!, e i,nsti.tuId;l!. IiIO 19osr:i~'81 M i'I irt<l~~I) Rio de Jil:lilelirL1. Ullnill ,ESc[kIZlAI'18tflmk:ll. Ctr1liirgic:!I ,e MiSdk:li. OU~'I11{i, .'.ns siJQ, ~ii!~;;:·i'~ili1.jOS ~ wiitribul!!rli p<lr.u, a :iill~tLli'i~iiiO. nu rHo Olt: lilne~rn if; 11., Ihll'i."" ilG d\oi~ ~ IHroS. med iro-b':i rLi~i.!:icij)s" itI~'lhes..cLtS.Wiilil is FilICi.llcl,tcl:e... de' Medicil1ol1 d~ lJl1ivel'}id!:lide . Feder.jll Ch,-l Rif.l ode i1,'f~!:"Q (I ~F!U) e cia Uili"ersi,di.u:le. Fiild.,;:r~l! d:J. Ba'hii.a (I JF1JA) (VII,.I A:-:O ......, l QI!l:J. p, :5),

tlmWm iiJ eruiF!(!O 'I i...... 'Ermit;nr;;] 0" mr;gi mentn du l.II1h..-ersia:itllo.e, ilIl'l)i.1ci\O re, dIil Qo'Yei"Do :~-de..IlI~" CC!ontumlUusse ~I:,I:iJiIJ; iPOSiO:::tgLi.dI),0 i\!i!giilllA;!' de t"ittI~:i!i~D~ do ensino ."I.C3i[1(t![I, or ,~e~r o:mdj~~s,'Par~ n :!Our~mC=IIr~l p C1"f14~~. '1:(:11~~1) l~ rnO' ....i,IlitC'Ai)l) ,9 di!!51(~<1Ir-~e p.rmlimn:l1I;nem~~ ,0."1 dl;l! ~~rnD Fed;::r;ll~ pMilJ .1 d'1J~ ~t';ld'os_ Nes_se ~ont~1U(:i ~rlr~F. em :U~i~de.[l~ Mi.llliliU~; ,e:!'O 1911 e i jj8~ini:fd41 ~ ode 0511(11'fI'.'1~I,I;j} eF.[l ,e, (~1K:I:IEI.D'rm! ·2-1]00) coow il1;;:.i'ii.!.I~~es li'lJl~~~I~nll:l ~ii'\,iir. riO -tfIW.TuLo. que :iJlll,nel!lif: em 1·91.5.!l lti::'lhrruhll ~lmlh::L"OOc 'I'iI"Ir ',..."....·1- .,j ,..~ . ",.]' ~ ~, , ,~' ... ,. ;1, _..• 1"-' """'.;:,;1 u!J; J_,.",~r,,;!'1Ji n· , .~",:;!IJ. !UuSpO:'~ :11 r~i'ell[l) ~l ~ !IInl{[, IIJt"li~f:':)idll!:iI!li,~l\':nni,lmllcl(ii em ~i.! ~I\l.', 6:":: ''0 '~'ifGrno !'lIill; nc:hilr .......,,,,;,... , ,. , .• I _ " ~Y~'" ,11l1J;,; rGUrLllil el1~ ILI!FI!- 'Ife ""'I ',a'~_' :II!; '"" ..ul!l ":~I"(';!I:i, ~'Ir,-

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21

Livres de Di reito, dii l,ern~iUldo-a clol.t3); 3, d!! :I:hcal i,Z11!f~Oe den(t,o·llil!': gn•.lu itameme edi fiCi(l p-aFoi fl)lt'lC[Wi'lzm';-., l . I::m (:iel.":iJtiin!.:i u, a 7 de seternbro ~ 19'2{I', poor melo 00' Del;;L'elo n" ] 4,.143, (J f·re!;iden~'e Epitj'jcil) Pessoa l(l:'ifi~lI i 3: n i'\"cn;id~de do Rio de Ja~eiru , (HR.]). oonsiderando 4 POJ'H!IKI d;.li~ext.;;~50 jiG ilispc!i1(~ no dcercto de 1'915, R;ellil ldas iltjU[;!:I.i1S tli:s, 'lIr.1idlldli;::s ode c;Jt~~el.' proflssional, fod-Ihes. assegurada 0lJU!1:,o,T];(1mi,i1 did!iitk<l e tl-rlrnillli,!;tt",lLti \':1. De~ ITI1:100 0, il prl meir.a LUIi V!!:F5lduile Gltic,j,n I crtnda, :1'I,HfUJlhlndlo. du jmj,tapDSi~'a.o, de! .rt~eS4.'(I];;]s

Faruldades

tracilcioo,.l'is, sem 1li".I~rkT 'inre.graqao (!:1~t!'I;i: e~!lS e cilld~ 1I1iitii lilllThSl~m1ndo suas ~al:"~lcierf tleas, E i:i.iilli~, rompurande ,a ~Expo~iif;ki de M,(I~i"os dv Mlnb~T-IJ! du Jlus,ti'is e N(!:,S(it,:~o:;. Inteneres. Alrn.'dn ,pjllli1C! Vtei:ra de ,MeU~Ct, OJn i.1 fQF.C mi'llil.simpllfictlD:lI e madcsra, (!!111 termos ;;k, estnnura : lI.{.<ldemic(b-3dmi nim,a~ if..... F.l'i'umeh11univessidade ofieinl ,IIJI) pals, r~~I[i1l-!.Kr'I desse 1JtJ!~jiJo _'l6ri~s n ~a Crl'~.ic ;;. '1~n~i!''l!' ~i..iU'i.~ • CI:s (;{)mtmtunM do edlli,!. dOl' J4'J~e Atl,gl;),[u. em ma1~r.1<1 publicada 110 Jm?to/ 8rtfsil, de 24dt: ourubeo do mesmo !IIIlO,. sob e tf~ulo ~Re,~i[m::lJllh'-L':TlIlh'irio HI ,_ -0 ¢1.i~(Lo ~nl~1 da il:lue8~.iiO 110 ElmsiU". na qual ;ll~':'i.in;J.ltl! ·'0 Decrese de ;. de setemhro fin(li,j., corn o qual L!' glJ'Verno Cia R!t!p",blk~l ins.'I'i1uill a Ul'lh'e!"Sidildle do Rio de Jnneiro, par julgur oportnno 'd;:;w execl.l~~oo om di spostc no an, W d() I"\;!C!'tio [iQ I I ,_~~O. de! i8, de 1ITI:!I~f!! de J 9) j, conrem poU(:os illrl i.!:-'iJ:i- e Imta ,:1 Inllltli:ri;a cn.'!. ~·Oiifni.l mnis J:1!.:ml e \'i.',~~. de m_1Jtfu ;!I, nfkl, dcixar flll ~'pllnm cl~ quem Ie u rlOoi.o cxatn G ~,gu.r<i ;0>11 v~;rd;tldlii!n',iJ.W~l~lltil\".:iO ::Ii Slfr se~llJ!i,i;l:! p.;;!~(I; r:100~1,) JlSthL'lt!J! Ur1~V(!n;it2iri~l"," ~ Tbd~"i,II" .1;pe~~itd<l$ r(::o;.l.ri~l)(!!' re:i1'il:5. i'i cri:l'i!~(Ii dessa Uni \1,li!!r. i:dllde, eabe ussi 111l11!ar que, na hi.:~tdri;J,da edut;'I\,iiu superior lx':l .... leira, a Ullr.\'er..s.i~ i dade de Rio de J.u;ooiro il~n primei:ra iIlSl'i1'!.lioij;'!io UII i ~,\eJsi!;ir:i<l criedn kgahnen~e p!=]o., (im'el'lOO, Federa I. NiilD ~Joo~!'i];1le tndus 0:.. preblemas I;!: 11n.;;~m~lI"ui:m;';1i.I~ exutentes em ~OJl!IO (Ie sua j.";i'Iik1;i~I), urn uspecie Dil~lP.l1d!(!f!l ~ subes'inWido: Wii i I1slill,ri,;;:m teve () mg!'i1t1 de re~I"i ~"ilTe iillilensif'ic:lil' n de'bilU~ em Ec~nlO ,10 ptoobl'clOO Lillni''f{.':f'!iltlkiio no pars, J;sse debiUe. nes tlrlOS ~() c&J seC];jr ~[) p~ss:KICIi, :lJdq;lJltl"E!expressso b"l-m'ii1~< so'bretuoo" i'L ;!l!I!l.W::.o· dla A:s~ud~!SJD Br.isllil"'im de EdLI~:t-r;. 0 (ABE) e dLi Acildemtiil! I3irusi IC':irn d!!- C'i~nc~", Be), Emre;'] 'queS~iI!!:s f!:!C01T!!:!1nt-cS dle"St"cam~se; (;"'tImC(!p",iio de IUJrI i \'er~:idade; fLlll!Jije~ qt~ devuiloO Coilbe.- .D!'i- I!JDi 'oIC"P.iid~d~~ Or, ~i,I.e,it;],S: ~tHOm~)mi:!l L!lmVtl;!Fi s~tari;!] e modelo de ~Ii~i ets:iJiLJc u set'" adot~l.ili,l no ll~·;il.$iI, V . No ql!Je eli,;:, re.~p'eiW Jj fUiIl\io.:::s. e. ~I} popd cia iI.If1iv~n:id.i'!de, h~ ,[IbI;;}So r;1(i61;1';;;~.s: }S qll;:: di:!fenrlem t.'1l)lnl:J. ~1Il(jS,fl!Jnlj:{II~S btisk:us ,1 de ,de5cn.'oII]lvt!i: ,~, ~ rl~qll,isl!. ciei~~ifica, ~IMm de form,:uf f1rof.issjo~lli:s. e (loS, q u:e consid'eflu1l seti

e

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essa "'IS-i~ • ;) u!1~\l"Crsid3de, pi!ri!J er di,g:f!;l! desse i:leLlOnJlrl<lr;:.ilO. d.~'t'oC!I"~:J ~Qrnar-se un'!! riJo.!iJI de CUItIlI~';"i. dle.. dij~~qll1ill;.I~i1;) de dell.;;j~ 0l~~I:irid3 e .u~cria~i'b:J dl1 (!i~ndlil Ill) .1 (Ml!':, !929.) "Iru.'i:s. qli.oeSll6.oeS. ti.i(~~al!1.1him objeto de disC~ISS$!l'J;nil! I' CO l'lf(:f'C;nci It Nacione] de E4l,lca~3n, li"C'aiizutliil em CV'fimjoo, i!1I11 l'92,'] D, :Pillii~ eta tese As Ulri~"oi!,sJdlJrle~t! !l Pe:sqljim Ci~~llflc.~,apreserua(!Iii. por i.\!'!1Ll«lSO (' 00[.;1. A pr('Jpo::;;i1n.prKl:c.-s~ ObseF'lOIJ que, ernbora existisssm 'po!ti':F~~' dlve~_g.e-Ill:e:>.,• tese d:ef'C"lidida ~F AJD[]mSO C1Y.'io1<'1. juntamenre rum I) mm·hnellto 1idemo pela ABE, ai nda qu::e moo hou ves e der~~!i"(lI dn ,A.:s.'oocilll;;;OO um c~1In0!!1:1;;":I I111;'1lvoOCQde e.iellcilli" era mnUOdllzi r ;{! rc~quis:l 'l"1JmnO Ilii:.l::leo (la i~5[itu'i\;iiHt iJl1.i'\Ioef'l'l i~§rifl, (F,n... I. 982. p. I S)" No entamo, essa \'i!id) de IlIllh'eTsid~de n;,'!ill dle~~ [Ii :5t:;'I"' coneret i~"~, IIf.]S ano:;,.ml!' 191Q, mem '!iii! estera I:me:rnl.. com 1lI Ulmi"e~s~d;;]lte dln Rio DC: Jitlroeuoo.. nem LUI. c=stwdtl al, com lL C'ri~l~Ii[J;,eliii. 1927. 0.;1,IJnu~'flj.'id<ldt: de MimBS OeF<!i~, i lllicinrfd;.!, t:mnbi!iITl. ~gurnd ) (jo llfIo.o~LI} ds plii rneira,

.a;

Sc on PL~i!l1l1:<!cira llcp'li:bllc:il. (j !I,,~r'II~:terii7:lLda pela rl':'~l~elm'.~Hz~, L'JI pn~iiictl. par~u~doo anos 20 e, wbretudn, ~p6~ 1>l}30. essa .ellA;l~I1C,jj] ~f!: rc:'...erte,
I

II Sf: incrementur

IJJn<L <J1;~nmiJ.dl~ Il;!

crescenta

'L:ooLRilizL~'C!o mJos,

,t\

dtif,C!fIl;l1It,~ serores da ocice(fa.oe. Nc:;,s,c contexte, 10 Geverno ,llfovis.6e MinJS1:er.i.o du IEdLil~~;)!o (!: S.a(illk 'P'iibU,'I:<L( l4} J l (l 9:;0'), ~end!) l"'IJrlilO ~PIW!l!ltlie:i.!lD tHulat ·lta~c:usc() Campes, que, ,! p:l!rti,r ode ]:93·I. elabora I!: iielion1J2i!'i de ,e!!t!i:~no-~un(lolirif) .. superior Ii!! t."'Onlei't;:ij~~ - com ~iIii:;itQlli;;:a ,ce;i'itrn~Lz."ldtlrn_ Tratu-se, sem (h.h-itli.i. de .L!!d!apt:lr [Ii educua di;[(:~ruzc::l. que vill";! OJssw'lfrilir FOttn(ls, bem dcfiniilllls, ianto no .;P::dfijim ql,l<1lt'i~1jI DO OOUl;!l!;!1('!!l!J;I, i-ellOO '01110 pn':(.1c:L!1p<.I~·iiO desenvotmal:5- lLdeqt:rLtdo illtlOlk'Jlliz:Ntlio do p.iI5:s..,cum e,"f~~1!! nn flw~ m]. ;;:~paL,i~:o!I!J~ M-il. {I ~~<l.biillfit!. P lIDb3l,. 13aO'~tl:'lO F-eder.,l el :].oorOi S,el;]. proj~':t(l Imi, 'II1!"r.S'ibiri.oQ, ill111~ , . ;q~e, 00 c;S.t,erlden1 de:sdc :a prLl.mLl]g;a~',ii,() ,do &imW'ID c.I>L~ ~I:IIS!.~III"'JIS: ([l~"TI!:i:.o. lei 11." ~ 9,&51 rJ, L)o .li. (lrglJoniZiL~~O Q3 Um i,1\ro 1;]: J8F.1eim m~r'C1~l-lei n" ~9'.85'2.131) e ~ l.:!~i,n'7.~odo CCIII""
I

~fi'iJrid':lde " foOrflli.'lyiiCl !pro 15liiol1l:Ji~. I·i.a, ::lillda, llll!lil j.ll)5j.j,"iilo '¥Ie !puckifi,jl 'liLl \I!L':Z vir u r;!ml5~j~ui r~se em de:!i.dumrumenlo 1!!I:l pril'Tli!:ir4l. De aCO',QO .:;om

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Hcferinoo-!:!e

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1!Il~LSLe em 11:;]1)reduzl-Ja:5-

t'lpen<'lS ~ SIJ..1

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dade j!l"'olrlsell!nde 0 ,e:1H::ll!Jsi:vo

~~j;lm ~'II~i.!. iii v td;)~c:)

"mp6~itn (8110il:! i nu, em ....o!h't;!Il(it) pql'lllCllIfl39bes de plU.u ciencia e de '!.:1.d[Ur.t1! e desinteressadn" (CA)lUI"0~, 193.1." f')l, 4!}, No pl ane d~) diseursu, o:!ul)I;!(]='l it ,FlICIJ'I(ll;](f.e de ,tdiILcniffbn. Ciei'Jd'l~ e tlm"l~ imprimi;r a universldade sell "enrillll':J" propr.j;::Jm(:r1~e ul1illtzrsin~rilJ'·'. 'I.l que '11;1 pr.j'j.J~:iIi min ir,::i OOOfI'ei'. AnaJisendo 0 lJlX'if1!tQ .II'" 19'.85213 J" CJI1'-e ;:j OOV;;) n~aln:i,Ei.l~1 ., Uni ~\I!"I"!i.id:1de do d Rio ck' Janeiro, observa-se que C~'i.e di~Oliijli"o c r~ ern p.;)lmI!'oorc:" $(1bre ;!I c~tadill F.ICU,ld::tdc' ;;;Oi~[UrJ0" niio cheg."l " ser imedin~.mleil.'lt. :imtallld:I, 'P e 1'(1CDovern (!I N: OOIiil ~, E,::.;,:IDli i !II ft il!(] J)- S e '0 13~I', .L 'Q 6, 'I,! ~ I' iJ'k n ai ng;)J q u e n m o :;.t:;! atrlbui jl E:SS;!! f;;l.;:uld'<IUe [j! (,1l!r'9iI'l:!r de !J nldade i ntegradora dos djfe'fenll1!~ mnsLiIU[08 u'iili'llersi I',bm~, desde que SIJ~ e}! i'l'tlneim min ,c; ribri,gaLIki:.n, A,'IiI1L1 is.oJbi;l(j;..se '00 I!s!I1ILL!ltn das Unlversldades Llra~i'lcir.os, outra: que iitocs merecem L'egi~1ro, A pri meiru refere-se l im'le:!:,:r.n~:;'j(!l das eseulus 'D'lU
-i5;C'

IY.::lTlior'l'ln.1I~ !Q;;n~lIXS ~ [m~f!~imkL~~

rblma~~1:!l:,r.M31 i~I2J~em lo;llJ~ ~ 11I.>T!l10!- culturn, du ~1~'IICHh;.,a~ prOfl5lTL~d!:: base~~I\lffkill L1IJi unisucu; J) relllrt,D'r~ oi:mJJ 1:!(1I;:i!.,11!Je lll,~~,~~~~ ~ ..::iJ!m'lda!o.,.:las: l~tr.JS ~;;il1, p4B :1t'1I:~iAl de el!J~ tll!liC'lH'D.§. oonkr~ndll5e iP'il>1~ll'U5.di rlJl!,~n pdo r§.<iio, mrr~'~i~rilli'li;;;{)S ~ L~'!ongellJ2'M~, !~) ~an,

cDe:i.:;iiO ql,li::

COfil' ~ pmmulg2l,;iliJ rla s!;!:gmfldil 0: Ii'iS.il~1 i~~c~ Repl,Jb!i~~Ii1;!i (:I 934 C III do presmdeillll'e G~':u:I,i<J)Va['i~;M pelo 'C(lf!.sr~~:i(!. nii,3. 3i experun i';1Ii de ~ j] (I('!moJ;.r.m.:i~ li~:fa!1 fn~5i; 'i'I~S~i~!J.fdlli no pass. Mu;s.I'I.l'gO ,~ ~~cgll'lt'.' il'l>
recuperam
iI ~te!1eli'lWi:'II~-

tefi.CVne.i2l~ ~eIi11ul,i,lllrumJ~ e umuruanas
ra, propCItICiom.llda

l\, abertu-

f.;J('I,IJd.idl:.~ 118 110"'lJi etrli.Llml. ltnb.'e:I'!l,i~~t'iAl, P'eol:'I.lE:!;tllil}[CI', r:~iJl!:i 5C :Jipr~ 1.Tmo W'fJiHl verdadel 1;:'1:1,·'iih;:)~'· ri:3eaJt:'lklentes da ,adminms~r~.!io:O;;L!I~~i.o~. OLlIrn qucs~~Oo relacionn-se ,i'J, CLiLt,JrSl. unidade {1fJ(:rtL1i vu de enslno e pesq ui Hi doeeme, en[rC'g~!e. ;) urn lProfe~:r;i:Jr. No TJirn.si r.. (1!1 privr.le~ ios ell} prof; SOl" 'L:inedr;;'i~k .... <iI(]qLliFi.r~lm L!r!l~! fei.Yio, m i:s.1'or.ic;l, .;'IJ;I~8CIlt.:llld(~~e j 0 'regiJJilI! de c~iAG!d1fi~(;onm nnc leo eu (i.fNffl fo'.I'ai,F.r cr.:ts iiilS,1 i~1\JIi.:,:~1.I::;, ensl nu superior; ~ E mals, LI id.e~a d~' ~.l,eclru [,M11 ida, nesse ::slll!UI'() gan!liJi fb~:J cern 01. C(111"tm~lJ~ues; de 1934, e 1946,. ~[Jb-sl~[i11:10 .sIre II;I(l8, qU<!Indo exti r:l~;Jj "a ,aligmJ:riZl~[

,m:ru a ser ~ .f1utonii.3Jd<i~.ilgSe.s~I{}}I~do 1]111. clinlJil pJ!lpkir);1. impl~lin~lj.fill do Eg,l~IOO ~o;V{JNQ!:l :J~.i[iJldl:k" mescs dieMe unu, ulJrm)ll.e gt:!'diCi do p,reieitn l~iI:!dm EI'I~L~t,lJ.. !I)oi il1s1iiiIIIcEn, iii 1Il1n<ersidade 00 Dimi~Q Fe{I[!':rai ~UUF). gr~i1s l1i1l ~~:I'{}IJ;,"I.lI, tc:1J.9iC';d~lrlll;': e i i~t.ciO!ih'n de; i"'ni~iu Teixeira, A UD]! S.1I1'!.~ com uma ~~'W;).fJ

pe~i!I R,cr'f1Jllllo;;.iO de 19~O, tpIllSS(ll' ~ "" lIi!Oi8 c(~mo urn eo:rri,g~d(:i,A f'<'I~[i r de ~9.15, llmphlJilT.i-'SC: tl.!;ndfnc!<'Is centl11lhzOOtifillS

,I

'tMt. do ei~silw superier, rnedi.lll1t.:: a I_.;:i ilf" ,},541·0/68" Nfl. 'R~r(lo;i'Fm, C~'m;prn., uma que:~~i!in. n,la i.Qpc. dc~ail.'dor;l" diz J:C:5ai peiw .it (;o11Il:'C~~.) da rel<Jliy~ l!iuloooml;lJ uni YI!"I!i iM!'ia !';O'ID1l prep.'ull(j.,Q gradual para a t'l1:l~:OlloITIi;JJp.1.e:JtiL, Ernbora ~~silll te. 1m ,E::.:po,;;;i'!j:w de Moti ""05 'llhre a r~forlf.liJI do ensi I~(J; s~~rrtl[; II il~~ possi"eJ, 1I'il(j!I~ le 'itIl~11iIL~1l1(t" ~e~ eeneeder-se 8umnO'Jilti u [pte.l1::t! as ~I.fli '1.<e:rs,idls&c."i;, q~leStiio ficll, ~ ~igOf, elm. ;i! Apesitr .j''1J !elJd'.e~i;l! a uma central i4h'!\iilO cadu vez rn'liCiif'" reflc.xo d;3 pofIitk'lIi ,1lL!ltrnlt;iri'l ,iJdrnad:1. ~e ,0' iillil:{;ioclo G'tIverno PlT.lvi~t'[ I), li;mr!le i ni..::i,il'l i 'iiil5 ~m 1l1!~ttl'liIJ de .oo1J(!1LIJ~J) i.!per.ior m.:!5::le perlodo. qlll!! e;Joi'Pl'e~:;~[n 'prui~~s. ,;;ol]rms.t!Jn1~,'i.. Enilie oLltr;!ls. p'OOC'.IllO~ destn,c~r: ;a Cl'illi,;';o .mill Uf!~~TIidlld.i? de S~u P.ilul4J (USP), em 19,34. e ,it dil Un j-.,,.cr.;id!;;t.de (II). 'D~SATil() Fe(h::rul (UDFJ. enl 1.935:,A U.SP; iili5ti'I!UlliI:l POI' rneio ,do D.:."!CTi;:W nn 6,2Slf _M, ~tll-g..-e ('rnn .11.5, ~e!fl.ll!ut'I~e~ fiillloJid'.,des:

e

abenn,

ciemmc!.l! .e; C!i1!ruluril lo1111menLt: d~refli:'lue dus Uil ivers i~;td~~~x:i:;.I:cntes ,no po.~" inrl:,~u;5ive rJ,<I USP. otMiJlClo;'J~iZi1n(]o·~e C(hl1J)Jl mrn "::1l1rreelld~meiIIIL£I' quit ~~.r.a fl:)~~eri.j]1i2a~ "~J:1, <l!Onct::P'1L'iol!:>. e pl'(~PMIAIS ~l::I illl;I.t!'I~(;I~1 id<lde:, q(!~, Ikj,!IilIla;h ABE. 'I:: iii ,..\,BC, empa nhara, 11•.1,06<:<'Icl~1 .uilU(!iEOI', a 1:x1t1~lr;~ ~' .;nOllj3n dl 'IlInive,l'$id~e como II!~I' (I" ;l[h'lo;)Qe .;:i(:lIl:i fI'i..:::t! ii,\'re C' Cia pil'ooll~'fl'lJ C!lJ 1-, b1raI d~,h~t,erc5~a;d3i" (,\UIII,II),\. [I;;IM" p. 19_o)J, ,1:llrldootl! lOO' Rio de :l.Iii ioI'.:'h0" ~.hlij' dill '~pIiibLkLli. pelo Decrero Mwrnidlp~111(' ,5, 130/'35,a pJ:~~r de ter IJiIAIIURJt\l :poi ~rl)[}do ill f'~ric)r ;lJ q E:t4U"O' ,!I!J)(J~ e',$.a ill:i1.i1)1J!i. (I mllR"fIti signiflll:v'l!Ji(Jle:lJl:c :II. lIiM:Urn;:!J 011 un iverstd2lde 1m p.mis. pe~1Iiforma ,t.l1Iil1cloJ1l e i neva_, ..... ,,,. 'i;.lIIit:: 11 expe"~i1.;,;i.il 'e (h::~en'!i'JJoI'JI~LJ.Vill,e lembrar cw' de~dl... n .Ii~EIi:r d~gI'Llind..:=:s. 'iJ!bst::ii;:I,l]O~ eta se ,u,pres~n~'nilin, somerue u com OUmliliG~1.o ~i$.l! e ,ori jgimmi 00 :s.en,1 ide e odlli~ fUln~f~s cl.:I universidade, narrLbi!m p~~ 05 meJ,,:LIIiil~nws que; se t'mz,em I1Ic;;,:r:=:5~iir~!J~" r;::111 [~llInoo hulflll[lO$ e nUli~J:iais. iYok~ ill (;Orn!il1!C:il~lO d~ Se~ls. Qbje~~VQSin~!.!:guf~~O doo.; J,;llm~ d3 UDf (3 ~,(!I7 ,19;1 S), Arrr~i:Ll Th i ltdra.
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, Cfl;tito p!:'Ofe.ridg.,

re8~;:]it!l:

a) Ilrm'rl);n>er. pch p.::&jIJi ... (10 pm!!J'C5.SLl .ilit d~;;;jll, b) ~rai1sm;fir, pelQ ~m!"illL1, i:\lnl'tE~II~I~"l11A1"j cllriqLI~pi!11 IJL!I ilI(':Sc']1i,'ol'~1111J'J c~[Jill'lli[l' que \

.w.

l~ lLlll\~rl:'idllde' c! ~11IT!,1 rll~50 ~",i~.c C'};dll~h':L N'~D so::: tr..t~::I!, l!Oimi"I~ d~ di'fiJ.l'1gir IXiiiil:JO:{'iI1lCm(I~,{) Ii y.rn l"'I1Lh~l1i[loS ~lirJ,JI'IIk Nih) ~ ~. i!.JJ.DlJ!lJte, tk; -C(!J~J.:r'l:ll'a ~:o;p~rierlcin 11llim:IJlll 0 l~...ro ~3imbtm <l Coirirc:r'I'ijJ, 1';111;) ~ !1"lLi~" Slll1M:fL'CO. [m'1':fJrJ!' prriLi(ffi 00 pl'1l'nsskKlaj~, &

II. [1II~illJ

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on

.;!r!.'!::~, ;\ 1!I[)I\!'lldL7.~i¥'ili 4i'i!\~1l 0:; prG-par:Il, (ltl.

em iilili run

1;;.jI::<;~

C'.'Ltxiol~~ InIilil.;!o"lT"i{liS singelas cll;,l 'l,;juc.:J~umi:'lC"r~ida&~. :'I:;)

(1 I"j);JCI~"". ~9-9.g,1l\

ilfilisil A 'I"es~i~:o de~:ti! in~titl!li~'lio frisa: ~.\, lJlti versidade, i!ru.';lii:llIidli. mnntidu ; e diri l:1~d~~I~ 'IJni,i'io" ~ul de 'L":~T', ~():b'lOO~ a.:;, 1P'11MO_~ de 'l!U~~iJL urn a ~U-n~ili!l

de

il.l~it!li'.

IJl~JOi";flU.Ailiisio- chama ~ are!ft~~1} p21FU urn pmbh~llIli.~ flilliidus 'l"a'rni;'!~rr$t!;;.:m~ d:il UII iversidade I! ,j); de ser urn I,r~r,~ oUe ill \i>CSti!!l~O ,e de proti!IJ';;'3D do ':;(l!~heebmJtl'(1_ IE uma gMi e~jge:ruti<J:s.pill ,:I. efo£!'liv.tL'l,,'WJdi!j~:):'" pmj!tw em. ~~IU odl!l,\'idiJJ. I} e~erd('io dlll !'i berdade e a ,,,felh'!1~.i'l.1 du llutD:ru:mlii:li uni \!ei:;:;i,til:d"L M~I:l" ceme pensur ern ~1,1'11U~QrIil ia IJm:iyrt:]I'"!;i(;;ki", HlfI,i<llr d~) iE<;,1~~) N.oilwr 'f1iO Df:l.liHj. do cl:i.i:'Ii<il de jnqu'i~t~~1) e do {'-stOOD doI:' gl,lel'~ det:ut:t.iiJ!.} !Ul Irm[s, o destino ,DO fl,l~~~dOl'.:n.~ UOF RcUO ~e:l':iOl SCr ouno: ,rfa:s:I:;Lmellw de Amf~;iQ das hJ.'Ii~"je.5peibl i;:,.'t!~que vmlilhtL ~xt=rcell~. E)!'olill'::rndo dn (:3.'rg,{l ode
~tl'i.

.

C-em;

re5~.dtill]cl,o que, em p~im-c:i:I.~) elu deve torl~~r·~i,!:~dril.o_ 'na.ll q1reJL':"l)Ido .1'lili'n~arCCli~ isso "que: lo{i~~ as 1ll:f!1\'etshdades ,do .Ilnl5ii devam Set ig'liil'is ~1. uni \1e~'id~dl'; fooeml" (I!-.fU'.StlL.
,L":i.LI';'iier lliilci,,,,miil '. (15RI'LSI~~ )II:!:-<;;I'. '19J_'i').; I\>HlS'I' "

dlu1lI\I;!'1lI1';I,I: liili'IlilJ

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19'35. p, 29). Vale otN~rvill' <Lh~a ~~ie.[10il1.~ti~!IIir ;

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'Un;vt:rSgd'lld.e do D,ra~il. O!. Lei n'"

4m3?, 'i!m~ <'I
d~o~i'illes
~'ioo
'If.~

oC:rlOIill, I:1~O limz rderemdili :,'fD''prhill::ipi.o de ;,'i~!!OlTlt:mlii,a ern suas ~Fai:i,. Essa i,nif'mnc:i,[ precede illI~I~llIdn se !!II1:!1I:us~~ arr, o

n.

,,!!llilJl, dlqi~: qll!le tlJlrltlJ!

0

:rei~W' como

Q~

,d:i.r,~t~:I[I~s, O!> ;::~~,lIIt;eiJeci,i'f.lt!il~t)S ~' O

~n:J!1Jli escelhldos palo rre~id~n!1!: dD. !R~pulbl:i:t.a, dentre 00 respectse:~~edlr.iil:icos e nnmeadns em (:miii 8S~O, ~~ (mt~n I~]d(l;.,~mmH~(:;0;.-, ~~rm.erl'i:e proihida, uos prQofes~(iot'es ,e; ,'l~lJm(i, cia Ilil'j'!,.;e:n;;klade. qU:lilqlleL'

Si!)l;ret:irio de E::iiJ~'iJI,;;ioIII ~qidQ,

if"<OOl'::rnl• 1,18I,1!11i~ i]UiI,h, • des desn iSEi,uniill'iM. A~~~~ dos problemas ~'l'Iffi"!!i!'!1iiil1d(iSW~T' I!"SS:JJ Url'i ~li;!t~id~lde., J,!}]'5 ~ de ~9'.1i6 efema-se a oi..'lI.ltm !Ui1itiiO de !-iL':1I<L"'4llpt), (f.,)ceilll.'e; e ZI o~:rli z:Jq~i} d"" seus CIII!L'S()S_ Com eS!i-tI! p:~I!'JL~~1;/ilJill), bescum-se P na I:nropil: professcres para ~([llHd:q~ Mf::l.I: em que re rnm:5.i,d~r.,.,.." i~ill) hilveu. iUl Bras il, J.lruJl~si,[ln:ti:s ~l!!ifl,;:'iIJ'Jlt~m;;::Ii1'I'e PI:·4;!'P!J;!'IOOS., Mus, 0 il11:p!:!:.;;iIirtHm[.() du l!.IDF [l~IO Otiv~rliiO
!FOOe:41~ el'.'I Hrtm qu!!~Hkj, q;I!e.: ~ OO~o.;:il'i;'~ de f(llm]:!i dilTLll, A - ~mtf:riliuTl!.
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recebe df,t ~!Tledia[O, ,apuir~dc

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pDl~[Ii1.'1['I·lPa:rc~d;!iri(J (NJIeompureoer ;:;th;d:.t~s !!.!Jniv€r~iC1Jm 111(1 if()i1'ne 01,1 c:m'b~l!"rrulii de jNlL'i:irloo pol rtleos. F":!;5a~ ootermi,rll'Iooliis'idl!i:.ir!J;I~(j;,~e: 0

.as

~L'Jcs nlJ.;;li serlam dc, estranhur,

contcato

ern tllll'c el as snc

eh,~d~~-

bretude a Clitici.,l. O1.dimilt,e II iru.!(KrpmlJ;i&O dos i:IIIl"S4JN du UnF .I~el'i1 Univer~udade ,rio IJl1!isil. Ni;! '!,'e~ilitJe. ;::ml Ulllii.v~l'}1jdl!Qe ~ extima e ~f:I)I:S enrsos !t.1~ii$f8ri",lJoS, :pill!?) ii'I '1!;1'J1I ] 939, POI':~k~ do De~'re~1)if(- 1,003. de 20 de j,~nei'. ro. IE:m !lome da disdpolilllJI e ri;!1 oedern, {I M~iti:s;tm C';!!P;!J!,"fi!iinil (~t'l:<lmiHim ao Presidellil:e cxpooi~C]; de rnori ym;. qrl~1!: .1cCYinpanhil. esse ~retl).. j~ELi'fk;ilIli'i~ do, d i,QilI. ill {h::~lrni~al} da U[Ff- {CI"C3~.O~1_ S. doC. 13, ~.r,i~' S:, C[inOO I

un.

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,SL"'rij, ~)POf1,ILiii:"li;)~l':"mbmr 'qlJ~., em I. 91:5. u Podl!:~ r;~e-!.':i.uj vo e.ll1lburill ~ .']0 Le~j;i.lmi¥O [) Pin:no 'd~ r.:oo~Jl:t1liii;':lli,::iio-00, Mi:t]is;iedfi' dn EduC,'I!J;1n, e S~I~l,Ji.': PElbli,I;",'!, (MRS,P), Nil eXpr.i~t~.~o 00 motlvos qJUi::: :teOmllfil1m;l u Im~!!jei!D de lei, nn il!21T.i "'S,e'I:~i\f(1S relutivos ~ ed~J'Cill~iiiO'''. Minlli-[["U 0 CD.!l(lm~mi']. ,as~i!ffi,~.'I.1;··,Ii iii luz do ;;::,u[~i".io de que :!i Un i:i'io n:ii{) deve ,I_':ri~r,
,eiie<lmurlhcD, 'l'tIiililil'er ~ jli, rnt!!'J'M q'lllli~

Oem *I, deptts:i;;:iiin dO' presideme 'V'at1E2IS, em (lUi11!.H'{I' de: I '9i15, I! 0 rim " Novo, (i; !pill!; -::::i1Iti~1 ~Iii~ M .... f{l~e d!;! !)1,!I;!i hbtor,iIL 1l1kill-re ~ Vim lilo tp;;l!rn ~pe.I1~tI:T o que estuvu id!!l.I~i!fic.,do D!J-ln 0 l'egi iiBe ;)m(ili~-.iiiliilU,ijjo 'IIi ;,e!l;.~. A ;;;hum lIicli::!l "n:il{::I1Iii,(!'I.::t'.;1~ LZ,I1IJ;]o d(l I!ab"' ,t.i , i0.4!IJ iliil PJ,[jnmlg:~~Qo de Liilli) nl)"r<1 C0r~stitu:i'1.ikI'. em .L 0. de sed~ l~'o ql!l~ se Cilmcl:el~roll. de: moon geral, pi:.'d:LJ- (;l}t.1~el' l,~be~l de "',"I'.L",'W'~, COmo se pede ohs.en'OIr nc rupi'~ul:[}"D~ dl!i!~]:!ir.1!q.[-o de: l::apeeJ~lnmeiill::no qt~ tr,~l;) "des di,i-eiw,s e das .i1i~r.1l1ti.!l:;'jlll.€liivi,tcrm.brM: f(IIie" aiada ]1(1 (/,u"el1w r,ro ...i~O:riD :iHstUJI.I.oo, ilI~S a queN(FViJi" ~Ildl) Mill.i~~r\l} -aiiJ !EdUC~iiD RiIIl!lm LeitiiA) da cnl:1h~~,(I< 111 m.;:m(!s' llIllCi,Ul1il () ~~!'et(i<oLei S ,,"1It(!m!l1!liI1i;o. admi[l~~h·.aiI.iy.!l. Ji,II3iI~~

1'9J5,

d:iJiSif 51~f"!n..uI}[O; ~-t.':J"'li~:ru, ~ s,igl1lilk:i.l~ill} 'Il llt!-:km 31I, que. "I<lnttlS (;lliJIhii·n ~ ser (Is. 5L':T'yi~~)~l':~el"jj8 <de ~dll!:i~iI~),' (!.t[l;MIL-. ~I~, 26)_ Enlra (I;'~tro~" 0 pqimeir.o 'Mf,.':I·)cloi:!1.Ido !E lI! Url'i ...~!'Sid!!rle 00

:if :~i.~9.3"'en) ~7tJ2fl'!Ji4.j;,
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Em ClJ!ifnrNum~l~tD:;] i::~~!! di:>':pi.l~j!;~J_·o r~d1JiJl: Pre~b;hmt~ dl~i~el'llbl.LGI.dt::l'I[re 1,'lI'S 'pi,"OfesS(lr~:j.

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exerelda niiil1 mpellll:i. pc:ln Cl,')!f~~elho Viti !/rtS:i'i.1i1"h) e ·I,t::!i.I Rei.L\L1~i:ll, M:.Li i::J;lp~m pelo Conselho de CLil~lldlml:.I:. N'l..l q lie U-I~~ iI. ,mi'{II!lOJUrilJ (IU1QI.-ga.JllJ. ~L UlI1ii'io'e"I!'iidad", do Br.l'ls;il. dados ubl.iCl~ da 3lmtiU~~i! d!]! dr1i:~uln'l@lI1II'OSd,~ iIilSlhLli,~ - .At:l!E do Dmsc:l:ho UI!i!'!.'ei's:il.1tii!:i. A.l,iJ!!j. ·d21 Ct.lI1.gre~,;I~'ii-oda F:tC'IIBd",de Nlldoiilal de Fih.~fi.tl. etc, -. deixam percebec de r("J1'm~ i1:'Illi.i.L'O dilir<1_ I1UI!:; .9. ;3!1l:I('jnO'rni.~ mj:mi nJ~~rLHi vu, finnnceira • .dido~,1°i~;,1! e

illSii!wCiCllmai (m',~il'!i [98'2. 1'. 80-8.l),. A partir da d~i,;a4;l de :5[}, ll>:,:di:::.I-:II-~e -[J; ritrno d~ dat.!.a~\·!}J.,..i menre no iJiIII;i's., !)'m\!OC(HI~tl ~:li!I. industri ul i.ZiIJ:,:iiiu·11: p..:~1;ll erescimento e.con011*·O. S i·'liIlJllh<iiI1e;l.(1-)etltc 'i.'~ritl~. tralJ~.fornll.l~~oe.~. (j~I)e ocorrem, i.p.'IlI~o 1l:1.lI!!"lllTIP[1;

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di$!":ipl.i nar, 1}.1J.[oOrgadiJI~ Universidadc, m~o 'i.::he~(I(] a :«:r hilliplelm::n~-:lli:l~L n~ ill r~n!l1(=i-:!lIi;:\!a iJI reconheeer que, Dflilem.l comn hoje:, ~ :::Iu~'On('1iinkii {IUltlr.!!:oo:J; ~s !.mi ...ersidudes n8[1; p;I.~~. l'!')I)~tLi,S vezes de 'lIIlTIiI i I L!I~:in. ,~mbo:)I~. ~ apresente, [pO~ veaes, CttmtJ urn :J;';':J;m;tl_
'No

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nas ~1.1lI~'i,'ersid,r;des i1lgYIir"li1I~tentutlvus de !LI.~ P:)I' nl11~ iAlllOnOmi.iJ !)I~i·v.e.t~Mliii:'l, 'I'<llITln externa Dml.lO i'R'i~m;), lod~tvi.iL <I. ~:i~~I,a.;;:!io : e ,mlliliPr~~,;:IJ, .1\ pl."or(i.::;;itoO, _~..iiJlJ:1Bil[-:};IR"Vurt obser .... "lUe~nro:) depois 00 ~la.Ju' NI:!i'f'L.1_ qW<ll1dn a: t:s.~i.I Urrl versidade 5~ '[iOHW mHoJtOr!ii.i!. por dL'>L:'I"e!O, .a si!l[!;W[i;1) nilo mudn mui~o·'. at.:re~l'll.'::riltt(lilclo: i!i 5~I.fiic.iof;!ll;;!. pensar nO ···IDAS,1,IL unl!!r\!rl". dia a !fn<'.li~ i cUi1., fl.! vid~ das tillh'ii::Fsl.[imdes. led~rai5,. com aspereza e i.lil·ieiA-l.'i~C' ,19.1,(i._ ; p. ~'rl2). Quunto .ii. institucioaul i~~il) du 'P~lu i:HI. cientffica. AruifjlTi~l rllii rn, (';'I. zcndo um b:.~~ln~!) dus .i Il5tUtL'li~'II)i:::~ 'L!Il:lii~r~~tihi;)$ M'S, ,jlll()S ;!ltl. ebser ... : ''If -.-J 3 H impulso ()n~in:J.! que {t p;;:~qlJiSili de.ntjrk:il \'L';iiIJ' .:J.k~I1~;.IW emre I '9:1,_~e J oi}.ii:5 [e'!F,) ill 'liI1iTI<I grande rrHS[~;~:,1to1:1;), cU.;;~d!il. de 5{t ~ri[](l1ad:l ilu~~u rnenro OIZ: ~(lI1~O! id%iil1l dill .lmiver.;iul1de. que f~lf~ ['i;!cu~fld'.'I s.i~4em~llk~ilITIEn~e 210 100.,gD de mais de '1,!I1fn ~ecu~(,\, ill f~iqlli~:l de.n[i"fici!) Il~ C'~'_ga COrnUIJll' iii OI~Sl!'i'I"lk igLlililmer:ltl!" f~~gi'Lo "c~I.1i)"il (1?-\1;\,1, 1'982,. 1:1. SO). Mi!lhipl i....,lm-~ .!1:.i- 1Il'1h1"if[Sio~d.e5., Dl.:ilS. ';;OIJil piooo:mi'm io d",. r(ion]ll;!l~,iiO !poofi.s~:iol'1"l. s.~1:1'1id-!il~icil!I pi~ncup~·,~o ·oom !1 pesquis:Ii e ,1 PfrtGU~.!iO ~ COouile·:..-1 11i1'.!"r:lt-1Ji.. oe-nt1JJm(];, set.a p~11ill1:cn1e' iemtm.~~~~111~m q1tre,. -de .I. 9J!i. . No 1~t4S. i.1 {rb:u,;iio d..!i. f":tC'L!Irr;l~de de Fill)Sil)l'iill. C.iCI1~~2I~ of: ]~tn:!~ ,di;) US.P £; dIl ESiYI~;l de Ci~:n..::iils dil iJm:;. !p1J5~eriorrn~t~ hllCf.irpLJr.iJ.Ja ,iL .H"flcu·h:il:J:dc: N !:'i.Lnl.'Ji dol!' fj !o.w:l1.:1, ~~veti1i1i1 u m6ri1~) .de: ~me:.lg,'r·de~de 0 i nli'd:u eS!.I!tCiLtSos t::LI.ltf.me£ d,n ci;i'!'mc~:), que det ..ar2111ii. mas ·1J!I;1...::;;r!1" forrn~alld,(Io (:S{."tIhL Co , l'ie~f.iLis~hlJl~i.! 'PJllm,. a 'lE~col<i! de Ci~mcii.l~ dili UDP i:-: a F~L!IO;lld.e Nilelcm:lil ,di: ~bu..;lfr-sL';

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80S debates dcntro (b~ tl~ i.... ersidades e peUlls m:Jini rC:~l.'l~ej': de rua, val e-:ti,gir do Gu' erne medidas no sennde de buseur "'~ollll,,'i!i!!5 para ~ s probleITIIlS educacionni i'l'Jill! ~l;!!.Lldos, prillC'ip:1JIJn.I."Ilt4,l, des ~'.'ii.oC'e.~ij[~", A rl!:~W~ tu de maior IlI,cnllc!!! fflj a ~'t~i.Lo;,;;)jO>. pelo Decreto n" ti.2.937, de, 02,0i.l %8. do Gropa. de TirLlibilll.no ([in e':!I;(.'!1I!lfeg!ld() de estu&w-; ern carater ~ l~!~~I1-

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que d(:'if(:;ri il:m ser ~Dm.'Ldln~,:p:u~ resol \!~' a "erise dn UnL~'[.':T'. sidude", Noll' R~I:lt6!'iQ fi r:liAl desse g:rupD apsrece re,~i~If.~1) Qijje ~c!>Sili ,".:d~ selisibiliwu diferc"lllt,!.'"5: ~e:tiJr~ ,d!l seeiedede, niiio pndendo dci :(;I!' de .... e:(!llli;r d(l G(.."'~n10 uma '1~:i;lI' eflcaz q'LNl' ~lIlr~e:!1Jtill~se de il'm:di.u.1i:! D problema d·. reforms lLl1hrersi~,1i:'i.a (:OJI 'II I.': 1::1 idu DlJlIiI.!!, dns !IIt"goii'llci.r . iililduID.1 i .• tREW\T¢~iO I.JoU CiRl"I'O m: ifRi\1ri ,'!,I,rrfJo. 1968, p, LI'). E acre: ~e:ITI'!l~·"0 mov imente esruduntl I. qll<li5qjU~r que ~ejam os elemersos iilooio,gi.ros oj! (Xlh'dcoo ~e i,mp! icedos, rove ~.j Illcrito de propiciar uma 'l:011,OOiJ de Ltlnreiell.(.'ia 1Ic:J.cim1al do pr'~!ern,j:! e o de.~perl'<Jr [!;nergico do sense de jI~[)IJ'lllsi1bilid'lde c~.)k~1i'Wi'" ,fR:I;UTDH.I(l I>:] (;~,l:f'O PI:: T~i ..BI'oLIIO. 196.:9). Dl.': w::ur'oo CDlT.ilI 0 .d~r,e:1'!l:l q!j~ 1;]1 ~n~ti l:l.IIULI. 0 Cimpo !!Ii! T)"lb,({!hf) ti'nilJ [lOf ot:.ie.~ivo '"1(., ,) e;!;llJdnF ~Lrcf"m"ln~ Q;Ji Uili ~·er_,;;'iulldc brn~:ikir~l, vi:i..:I.'ndo. ~ Slll!l !!j'ic'i,fn~'i,~, n~oden!~i~~~o;:n I.':i'lmbi'lid;)[]L!: 3,I.rni ni~~ti.l[i"l.il.e formlL~.;"jo
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