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studen ts have interes
15 A Journey of Epic Proportions 20 Famous for One Day 9 Jazz in “Slaughterhouse” 12 Battle of the Bands Coming Up 12 Amnesty International From a Vision to a Song 17
A Trip into the Mind of a Rap Musician
19 The Ultimate Frisbee 21 A Journey to the Uncanny Valley Expensive Hotels? 22
A Couch Is All You Need!
24 Upcoming Events
4 The Dream 5 Drabble “A Different Kind of Warfare” 5 Limericks 5 Poem “Life” 8 What a Show! Urban Legends 6
Only the Virgins Survive!
13 So You Want to Be Middle Class?
You have chosen shit!
There you go, it’s official now. In our first issue, we asked you to submit your favorite name for our little English student paper. Well, you did, ten of you anyway. Now we don’t know if it’s because of the low turnout, or simply because of the awesomeness of our suggestions; the name S.H.I.T. won right before <blank> and flux. Naturally, this made for quite a discussion at our paper meeting afterwards. After a heated debate and stone throwing, we agreed that we had to ignore our general German tendency to completely ignore public votes, and simply do it as Hannibal did when he stood at Carthage with no ships to carry him across the Mediterranean: We found a way around it! You see, <blank> turned out to be our favorite, but only after we already set the name poll in motion. We thought it might be a little lame to just forge the poll by participating ourselves, so instead we will combine the first two winners: S.H.I.T. and <blank>. The result can be seen on the front page of this issue. So who won the prize? Someone famous. We had our own little lucky ferry come and do the actual drawing of the winner. So Dennis basically numbered all submissions, put the numbers on pieces of paper, and under the watchful eye of about half a dozen people pulled out number 7. Congratulations number 7, you won. Oh, and your name is “Deborah Leibundgut”, in case you didn’t know. Reactions, Reactions Well, first of all people were amazed by the very existence of our new paper. Comments ranged from “Lustig!” to “Schmutzig!”. One professor is said to have asked “Is there anything else but sex in it?”. Oh professor, you have such a dirty mind! Secondly, right after the first release we started collecting sponsors for our paper. This of course works best with a paper that has come out more than once already, but anyway we got very good feedback from there too. Nordlicht, the place we print at, have our first issue on display at the moment as a fine example of their work. SHEBODY, an all women fitness company in Kassel, will sponsor us with a monthly contribution from next semester on. Thanks and praise to both for their help and support.
The shop was not a big one, but it offered exclusive pieces of art for people who were not just looking for the usual. The window had been newly decorated, and many window-shoppers stopped to gaze at one piece: a little Mexican made of the finest clay. Positioned on a wooden table, the little Mexican seemed to sit in the sand with legs folded up like a knife, arms crossed over his knees, and the head resting on his arms. The face could not be seen because it was covered by a big brown Mexican hat. People who gazed at the little Mexican were not able to decide whether the little Mexican was resting from work, or praying, or maybe he was disappointed? Gosh, the little Mexican would have answered to these suggestions. For he was not resting, not praying, nor was he disappointed. He was simply waiting! He no longer wanted to sit on the shelf or on the table; he wanted to be owned by someone who would appreciate and love him. This was his only wish, and while he was waiting, he dreamt of how it would be. So far, none of the customers had seemed appropriate. One day, an older and a younger woman stood before the window, the older one praising the little Mexican’s loveliness and fine quality. He heard them and was hopeful. The older woman seemed to be the younger woman’s grandmother; that much he was able to pick out of their conversation. She would be a wonderful owner; he could feel that. She would appreciate him in the way he had always had wanted to be appreciated. He was happy. But then, Granny sighed and expressed her concern that the little Mexican might be too expensive for her grandchild, Sara. After that they went away, and the little Mexican was very sad. If his head had not already rested on his arms, he would have turned it down. All hope was gone. Some days later, the two of them were back, standing before the window again. Hope sparked again in the little Mexican. Would they enter the shop this time? He heard Granny saying that she really loved him. He tried to send her a message: “Come in and buy me, you are the right owner for me!” But as before, they went away without him. Granny and Sara came back two more times, but did not enter the shop, so the little Mexican gave up hope completely. Other people had been looking at him, but he did not want to be owned by any of them. What he wanted was Granny! In the fifth week after their first appearance, Sara and a young man actually entered the shop, but the little Mexican was not able to see them. He had been moved to a back shelf because people who had stopped to look at him had stated that sadness floated around him. In consequence, nobody had wanted to buy him, and the window had been redecorated again. He was caught in deep grief when he suddenly recognized a voice. Was that Sara’s voice? He began trembling as soon as he heard Sara ask for him. But Granny was nowhere to be seen. He sank back, not wanting to be disappointed again. The shop’s owner and Sara appeared at the shelf, and Sara expressed her joy that the little Mexican had not been sold yet. The little Mexican could not believe it when she added that she was going to buy him as a present for her grandmother. He could figure out that Granny had done very much for Sara in the past and that she now wanted to thank Granny for all her support. He was wrapped up and taken home by Sara and the young man. Granny was extremely touched. She had never dreamt of being rewarded in this way, because she thought it was natural that family would help and stick together in difficult situations. The little Mexican was as happy as he could be: Granny found a nice place for him between three cacti; she talked to him whenever she was in the living room and proudly presented him to all her friends. His dream had been fulfilled. Hanna
“Gosh, the little
have answered to these suGGestions.”
There once was an American man. Of soccer a really big fan. There was a big game, He called Germans lame, His eye is now a lovely cyan.
A Different Kind of Warfare
Drabble by Johanna Schumacher Boom. Boom. Boom. Boom. Bass drum. Dum dum, the bass goes, dum dum dum. Over there, the hi-hat fighting against the ruckus, tsht, tsht, tsht. It’s not enough, though. Their guitar enters the battle, loudly demanding attention, but our lead singer is louder, better, harder. He screams and the audience roars along and – They get out the big guns, and there she is, smiling and wiggling her hips to the beat. The audience stares and stares: no-one hears the earsplitting noise any longer, because that girl, that dancer. Okay. So we lost the battle. But the war – the war isn’t over!
There once was a magazine, <blank> Almost all thought that it was a prank, But they collected some money And aimed to be funny And I think they've risen in rank. by Jeff Smith
Poem by Lovis Schmidt
Life can be like a clockwork That won´t work blocked by dirt Once a time there´s sunshine No crime, no telltale sign: but Achievements are nonsense Success pressing on our conscience We are just surrounded by guilt Concealing humanity like a black quilt thus Paralyzed and petrified Analyzed and agnostified Not capable of seeing the light Yet still blinded by delight for What we seize to achieve Will be brief followed by grief Life´s but a mystery Simplicity put into history
Only the Virgins survive!
Do you believe in urban legends? Have you heard the one about the innocent teenagers who stay virgins and survive whereas teenagers who had sex always die? Well, this one is used frequently in American horror movies, but maybe it is not only true in movies!? Let me tell you a story about David, the American guy I was dating and having sex with. It’s Saturday at 11.30 pm. David and I are standing at the train station waiting for the train that will take me to my hometown. We are in a small German village which is in the middle of nowhere. The train station is at the end of the village surrounded by a dark forest. It is badly lit and completely abandoned. The station was probably built in 1850 and after that nobody ever tried to renovate it. There are no sounds at all, even the wind is too scared to blow here. The streets are empty except for a few black cats and we are tipsy. David’s friends are having a party down at the lake which is a 30-minute walk away. The train comes, I give him a good-bye kiss and while the train leaves I see him standing there waving at me. The train arrives in my hometown and I call David. I hear the dial tone, the call goes through, it must be ringing, it takes a long time, he doesn’t pick up, I keep calling, I’m still waiting, I get worried….Finally, he picks up. He is out of breath. He probably walks very fast through this scary town to get back to his friends. He tells me that his imagination goes crazy when he’s drunk and that this village is the perfect place for vampires, zombies, and axe murderers.
Photo by sanbeji, under cc
I laugh. He’s so funny. We talk about nothing important. I just want to keep him company while he has to walk back alone. I can already hear the party at the lake through the phone. He can’t be far away. He shrieks. But then he tells me that he just saw a frog jumping in front of his feet. The music gets louder. I’m ready to hang up. But he asks me to hold on a little longer. Then I hear something grunting on David’s side. He suddenly sounds scared. I can hear how he suddenly whirls around. Through the phone I hear movements in the bushes. He screams. I can hear punches and muffled cries for help. I want to know what’s wrong. He doesn’t answer. I can’t do anything. I feel helpless. I can hear how David is dragged through the woods. He must still have his phone in his hand. It seems to take forever. The dragging stops. I again hear the grunts. The sounds are echoed. They must be in a cave. I can hear David’s rapid and heavy breathing. I hear his last terrified scream and then a heavy blow to his head. The phone drops. The call is disconnected. I wake up. I’m glad that this horrible dream is over. I look around. My room is full of flowers and bereavement cards. I’m wearing black clothes. I remember. I just came back from David’s funeral. It was held, though his body was never found. I must have fallen asleep while crying. I remember that urban legend. Would he still be alive if he had been a virgin? Sabine Krause
What a Show!
I guess you already lived through a situation that seemed unreal to you. Maybe you felt like the protagonist of a trashy love story or you experienced people around you acting like caricatures of themselves. Sometimes situations happen to be so weird that you wonder if you should laugh or rather run away. That’s what happened to me recently. It took place at a hairdresser’s I spontaneously arranged an appointment with. Had I only looked at that styling factory more carefully before taking a seat! But then, left alone in front of that shiny mirror for what felt like ages, I began to take notice of my curious surroundings: Not only the shop seemed to be designed by Andy Warhol himself, the hairdressers did as well. Their skinny casual bodies danced in step around the customers’ chairs. It really must have been a choreography they had studied at some point. Maybe the exaggeratedly loud techno music helped them not to forget their next steps. In fact, even while washing my hair, that fashion puppet’s fingers moved to that futuristic sound. Unexpectedly, the hypnotized trendy robot showed emotions by asking me indignantly: „Is that a permanent wave you’re having, or what?!“ No, it wasn’t – it was my natural curly hair... „Oh my God!“ He broke off the conversation – I guess he felt sincerely sorry for me. Consequently, he’d later straighten my hair to save me from that horrible naturalness. However, when cutting my hair he had his solo! His scissors moved like Lucky Luke’s revolvers in his hands – one two – cutting my hair – three four – stepping aside – five six – cutting again – seven eight –. That was no haircut, that was a high-level dancing contest! Well, next time you enter a hairdresser’s, be prepared to end up inside the absurd live version of an MTV clip. Concetta Mugavero
Photo by striatic, under cc
Jazz in „Slaughterhouse“
Some people say that jazz is music for snobs or old people. Don’t trust them and find out for yourself.
“A sandwich and a cup of coffee, and then off to violin land, where all is sweetness and delicacy and harmony, and [no one] to vex us with their conundrums” – replace “violin” with “jazz” and you’ll understand how I feel about it. This saying by one of my favourite literary characters, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, always comes to my mind on the way to the “Kulturzentrum Schlachthof ” whenever I go to listen to jazz on Thursdays. I must confess my own initial reluctance to go there, as I could not imagine something pleasant happening in a place called “Slaughterhouse”. But looking beyond a name is one thing I’ve learned while studying. Today, the “Kulturzentrum Schlachthof ” offers a wide range of opportunities for musicians of all ages to maintain their hobby and to find their audience. My favourite events are those of the jazz club supported by the “Förderverein Kasseler Jazzmusik e.V.”, who at times manages to invite absolute legends of world jazz music to this town and, moreover, to organize jam and blues sessions on Thursday evenings. My first personal acquaintance with jazz and improvisation took place at the age of ten, after four years of traditional piano lessons with a private teacher from whom I at times hid, yelling and crying, under the table. But when my short-sightedness proved to be progressing, my mother threw away the notes and announced that from now on I would have to learn how to play without them, and hired a new music teacher to instruct me. From that very moment on, my music lessons were converted from torture into pleasure. I still often continued to sit under the table, but now just to enjoy my new music teacher playing jazz. Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary defines jazz as a style of music “developed especially from ragtime and blues and characterized by propulsive syncopated rhythms, polyphonic ensemble playing, varying degrees of improvisation, and often deliberate distortions of pitch and timbre”. If Wordsworth called poetry “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings,” this definition can be applied perfectly to a jam session of jazz. It’s a free and spontaneous dialogue of a constantly changing set of different instruments. Most of these dialogues (jam sessions in particular) are unique and usually never recorded and depend on the momentary configuration of the instruments, musicians and their momentary emotional state. One of the guys who usually shows up at these jam-sessions in the “Schlachthof ” is Christian Svenson, a student of English and Music at our university. He plays drums there and – I must stress – he does it damn well: *** christian, what is a jaM session? could you please explain it to those who don’t know ? A jam session is basically a couple of musicians coming together to play without having rehearsed anything before. This does not necessarily have to be jazz music, you could also meet for a blues session, a rock session or whatever style you want to play. Jazz, however, is well-suited for “jamming” because of its improvisational character. The musicians do not necessarily have to know each other. Sometimes you have a particular piece and you say, “Let’s play “Red Baron” or “Autumn Leaves”, for example. Another time, it’s just somebody coming up with a musical idea – a spontaneous composition, if you will. The others join in and try to make a beautiful piece of music out of that. and they all have to know all those standards by heart? Some people do indeed. However, for a jazz session, you have the “Real Book”, a collection of tunes with 400+ pages. So, you open the book and agree on a tune and there you go! From this point on, the musicians take responsibility ... see next paGe
... froM last paGe to make the music happen. If each musician plays well and is able to listen to what everbody else is playing, it’s gonna be a nice piece of music. If not, you occasionally have what is called a ‘train wreck’ - the music ends up in chaos and needs to be stopped. This rarely happens, but when it does, it’s perfectly OK and might even end up with big laughter. how lonG have you been playinG the druMs? which role does “schlachthof” play in your hobby? I’ve been playing drums for more than 20 years now. I started in one of these regional leisuretime music groups. For me, that was a good experience because I learned to read music at a very young age. However, I soon realized that I was more into rock and pop music, so had a number of teachers who taught me to play the drums. These teachers also introduced me to jazz music which I became quite interested in. The “Schlachthof ” provides a good opportunity to meet other musicians and play. Not only because of the jamsessions, but also because you can organize your own gigs there, plus they host quite a lot of very good concerts. back to jazz. do you have your own definition of jazz? Jazz is an umbrella term just like rock music. You have so many subcategories of a genre that has been developing for more than 50 years now and, therefore, a simple definition is not easy. To me, improvisation and openness to spontaneity are two key features of jazz. When people think about jazz, they most likely refer to 1920s jazz, the swing era of the 1930s and the bebop era of the 1950s. From the 1920s on, you had big bands playing in the big dance halls in big cities. In the 1930s, the arrangements became more and more fixed because of the large number of musicians in big bands and, therefore, little space was left for individual musical expression. That’s why these musicians started to meet after their shows in order to jam in small groups. It was a real opportunity to “break free” from these restrictions. Today, the same tunes are still being played. There are a lot of people who stick to traditional jazz, which is fine, of course. However, jazz is
still developing. The sound of contemporary musicians such as the ‚Essbjörn Svensson Trio‘, ‚Chick Corea‘, ‚Brad Mehldau‘, ‚Bugge Wesseltoft‘ ‚Trioscence‘ (a band that originated in Kassel and has since earned an international reputation), and countless others is very different from traditional jazz, but it‘s still jazz. It‘s like comparing the ‚Rolling Stones‘ and ‚Limp Bizkit‘. At first you think the sound couldn‘t be more different, but you’d still recognize both as ‚rock music‘ because of the sound and feel. what, in your opinion, is the reason for the unpopularity of jazz Music aMonG students here
kassel? we Mostly see older people there “schlachthof”, but if you coMpare this to other GerMan cities or countries like britain or even eastern european countries, jazz events are overcrowded by younGsters. I believe that there are a lot of people our age who are interested in that music. It just does not enjoy the same popularity as other popular music styles do, it‘s not being talked about as much. The reason why there are not so many young musiin in the
cians coming to the Schlachthof could simply be that they don‘t know about the venue yet. In Marburg, for example, their jazz club (the „Cavete“) is well-known and very popular amongst young musicians, many of them merely in their twenties. Of course, this has a strong influence on the sound of the music that is played there. I am sure we also have a lot of young players here and hopefully your article will raise the stundents’ interest to check out the Schlachthof. and the audience? students just don’t know what’s GoinG on and that it’s for free! Yes, I also think the problem is that students just don’t know about the “Schlachthof ”, which is in fact five minutes’ walking-distance from the campus. Maybe some believe that it is “old-guys‘ music” in an “old-guys’ club”, which is certainly not true. Apart from the jazz, blues and funk sessions and concerts, they have the so-called “accoustic bar”, another jam session for any kind of acoustic music: you‘ll hear Katie Melua or Norah Jones songs mixed with traditional Irish folk music and singer-songwriters who present their own music. A couple of weeks ago, we even had a very funny acoustic version of “Rage Against the Machine’s “Bomb Track”. in My opinion, the probleM is
that people think jazz is a kind of
“frozen” Music, like a fly in aMand only a few realize that it’s very Modern, as it’s all about
ber. iMprovisation and tryinG to Make thinGs new.
Exactly. To keep the music alive, you need to have the roots in mind but also to develop. And there are a couple of young promising musicians. At the last session, for example, there was this saxophone player who was still in his teens, but he played extremely well! That’s an amazing thing to see and, hopefully, this is not going to be an exception. so your MessaGe would be “we need Musicians”?
Sure. However, you should be familiar with at least the basics of the music you are going to play. When somebody calls a tune, you should know what you need to do. To get around this, you might as well suggest a song that you know well. What sometimes happens is that a private teacher brings a student to the session and asks the band to play slowly or to be careful in general because he or she is not that well-trained yet. It’s all a matter of communication. i think playinG jazz is quite difficult, because if you really want that kind of “self-expression” in Music (like in any other kind of art) you have to be very well-equipped with the “basics”. That‘s certainly true. So, if you have the feeling that your skills do not quite meet the musical requirements yet, you can check out the beginner‘s session which is supported by a couple of experienced musicians. They help you practice and gain experience in a kind of workshop setting. So for those who are not as advanced in playing jazz, it’s a perfect opportunity. Just come along or check www.schlachthof-kassel.de for the current schedule. *** For students of English and American studies, an acquaintance with jazz can be especially advantageous since the whole period in literature from 1918-1929 is called the Jazz Age (Scott Fitzgerald is largely credited for coining this term). Jazz from that period is associated with traditional values facing great decline as well as new modernist trends in social behavior (short dresses and women smoking, social acceptance of homosexuality), the arts (Art Deco), and culture. So, please do not make a hasty judgement by saying that you don’t like jazz music! You probably just don’t know it, and that’s not a good reason for detesting it. In addition, a small tip for those who are going to spend their semester abroad in Britain and maybe still have only a vague idea of what jazz sounds like: while in London, spend just one evening in “Ronnie Scott’s” in Soho, and you’ll be a jazz admirer till the end of your life! Anna Weitemeyer
Battle of the Bands is coming up
We from the crew want to do more than just bring out a monthly paper. We want to incite You, the student population, not only to actively read our paper but also to participate in our first organized event: The Battle of the Bands! Do you play in a band? Or do you know someone who does? Then spread the news and join the battle. There will be two rounds and around 10 bands will get the chance to play 3 to 4 songs or up to 10 minutes in the first round. A jury will then decide upon the best 3 bands to advance to the 2nd round where the three bands get to play one additional song. This time, in addition to the jury, you, the audience, evaluate the performance and crown the winner of the first battle of bands. The winner will get a front page article/interview in our paper. So help us promote local bands and organize more events. See you at K19 on November 6th! And from the bands all we need is a submission.
To enroll yourself send us an email: email@example.com. Demo tapes and links to MySpace pages are more than welcome! Go online, submit, be part of it!
When Jacqueline Andres came up with a proposal to write a report about Amnesty International, I willingly agreed despite this seemingly dry subject matter. The reason for doing so was my remembering an interview with the former political detainee Olexandr Pokryshchuk which my mother conducted while in the Ukraine. Being a student of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations in the 70s, Olexandr managed to write a paper in which he “predicted” the breakdown of the Soviet system. Not a big deal, one might say after reading “Nineteen Eighty-Four” or “Lord of the Flies”. But writing such an opus cost him several years of freedom. He was put into Lefortovo prison near Moscow, a famous KGB ”resort” for the detainment of political prisoners and was rescued through the efforts of Amnesty International. Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally-recognized human rights, regardless of the country of residence, social origin or nationality of those involved. Inspired by hope for a better society, its supporters are monitoring human rights abuses all over the world. More than 150 countries have joined the project with 2.2 million members and subscribers since 1961, the year when Amnesty International started campaigning. Four years ago a group of supporters (“Hochschulgruppe”) was founded at the university of Kassel. They are currently carrying out a number of activities like information evenings, school reports, a film project entitled “False Truth” (“Falsche Wahrheit”), or torchlight processions through German university cities under the motto “Gold für Menschenrechte”. The Amnesty International meetings in Kassel take place regularly right in the core of our campus (Nora-Platiel 1, R. 1206, Mondays 8 p.m.) and welcome new supporters as well as donators. Anna Weitemeyer photo by cheryl biren-wriGht, under cc
So you want to be middle class?
Don’t get me wrong here. Having this goal, either consciously or subconsciously, is honorable. The majority of you reading this column are right on track of becoming members of the middle class. Assuming that you are a University student, the chances of you ending up in long term unemployment or financially underachieving after graduation are very slim – to be precise less than 5% (Exceptions apply to certain humanities e.g. German studies). The salary you will be making is in the 70%-150% range of 35.000€ once you have your degree. At this point your parents and every other relative who cares about you will sigh in relief. Ever since you were able to comprehend human language, people around you have been telling you this one sentence: “Get
Good Grades and then Get a nice
payinG and safe job”
Some of you were even advised to learn a profession before attending University in order to have “something safe to fall back on” if things don’t work out as planned… Within this chain-of-thought financial security is paramount. Your parents want you to be independent individuals who are able to pay their own bills. Contrary to some beliefs, money is a fundamental part of personal happiness. Of course, a person whose only motive is to pile up more and more money is just as sick as someone who tries to deny the importance of money entirely. Along with religion and politics, money is a delicate topic to address at a dinner table with, let’s say, your future parents-in-law. To tell you the truth not a single being in this world of ours has enough money. But one can categorize individuals into three different groups judging by their income and spending habits. There are those who sit atop a pile of gold, called the upper class. Generations could live off their wealth, be it only from the income generated by interest. But still they try to add to the
pile – good for them. Luckily for the jealous ones among you, less than 1% of the populous belongs to that group. What follows then is the so called middle class. They possess a certain degree of financial independence but it is linked with their jobs, their health and general condition of the national economy. Roughly 54% of the German population belongs to the middle class. That is where you will most probably end up. At the bottom is the lower class. They either have fallen from grace by stumbling down the social ladder or they have never had the chance to climb up. In this group we find people with neither hope nor opportunity. All three groups suffer from one condition: The lack of money. But there is a big difference within the mindset of the particular groups. The suffering though takes place on three totally different levels. The lower class struggles to make ends meet. They face unequal treatment each and every day, in areas like: Education, Salary and healthcare to mention a few. The main priority for someone belonging to the lower class is to generate a higher income in order to sufficiently meet their basic needs. The middle class, the so-called engine & anchor of our society, yearn for an income increase in order to consume more. A house, nice cars, de... see next paGe
“Money is a fundaMental part of personal happiness.”
photo by bendylan, under cc
... froM last paGe signer clothing and a decent education for their offspring are the biggest financial expenditures. The problem for the middle class is that none of the above mentioned acquisitions generates future income. The upper class on the other hand seeks more money in order to increase their power, influence and most importantly: generate more money. If done correctly, all the pleasant goods like houses, education, consumer goods etc are just a nice side effect. They have to render a tiny percentage of their income to meet their basic needs. Lower class members will never be able to even scratch the surface of the benefits of such wealth. The middle class however is able to get certain, above mentioned, privileges. However, a young family would have to muster incredible patience if they were to acquire all those goods with saved cash. By the time their house, cars and educational fund for their children are set up, they would be well over 50 years of age. Patience, as we know, is a virtue only a few among us humans are blessed with. But luckily there is a shortcut. Banks offer credit in order to satisfy desires before you can actually afford consumer goods - at the expense of interest. To continue with our young family, let us assume by the time their first child enters college, they will have satisfied their biggest hankerings on their wish list: they “own” a house worth a couple 100k, two leased cars etc. Well over 50% of their income will be used to meet the demands of the mortgage, interest, leasing and credit card bills. The rest will be spent on everyday goods and items in and around the house. Everything seems to be fine. But my guess would be that mom & dad have troubles sleeping safe and sound. Especially in the present where the social framework of Germany continues to steadily crumble. Imagine the family I’ve mentioned, let’s call them the Mueller’s, work in the financial business located in Frankfurt. Each crisis like the ‘sub prime’ or the ‘new economy’ etc puts their very jobs in jeopardy. If either one, or even worse, both of them lose their jobs the situation with which they are then presented is grim to say the least. Having
lost their income, they will be in no position to meet the financial demands of the mountain of liabilities they have accumulated; a free-fall into the lower class is inevitable. It doesn’t even have to be an economic crisis that derails their lives. Image the struggles of the family if the father or mother is stricken with illness or suddenly dies. This scenario is not a mere fairy tale, since 1990 the middle class has shrunk by a whopping 8% in Germany. Back in 1990 roughly 48 million Germans could be, on the basis of their income, considered middle class. In 2006 that number has shrunk to 44 million. 4 million individuals now belong to the social class where hope and opportunity are as scarce as water in the Gobi desert. So why am I telling you all this? Being literate as you are, I assume you have knowledge about the perils that await us in our future lives. But still, the majority of you listen to what common sense dictates. “Good
Grades will Get you a nice payinG,
There is nothing wrong with good grades and a nice paying job. But one day your desires, those of your spouse or your future children will get the best of you. Necessity will take you to the doorsteps of your local bank. The friendly bank employee will tell you that the house you are about to buy will be your biggest asset. Since when does an asset eat you alive when you lose your job? Truth be told: It is a huge liability and your ticket to the biggest gamble of your life. But there are simple ways out. And since I assume that you are young, it is not too late to make the first step into the right direction. Of course you will initially belong to the middle or lower class once you have left University, but as time goes by you get more and more chances to apply certain rules & techniques that are not taught in middle or high school. Not even in Universities. In this ongoing column I will try to show you how the big game is played. Everyone can win. Iderbat Ariuna
A journey of Epic proportions.
“The Fog is hanging thick over the old castle. My hand reaches for the pommel of my sword to reassure myself that I am not defenceless. Suddenly, I hear the drums. There must be an Orc camp somewhere. Those who never heard the drumming of an Orcish war-tribe can not understand the fear I feel in this moment. I sneak forward, sweating, hoping to avoid any perfidious sound. The next thing I feel is the blade of an Axe crushing my back.” This might sound like an abstract from a fantasy book, but it is the real thing! This is an eye-witness account of someone participating in what can be called the most expensive as well as most exciting form of Improvisational Theatre; the fantastic (here having the meaning of fantasy) world of Live Action Role-Play (LARP). For those among you, who are unaware of the wonders and confusions of the Live-Role-play Community, this article will provide a little summary as well as an overview on how this part of the big roleplayer-culture works. At first sight, a group of Liveroleplayers (LARPers for the rest of this article) might seem strange and sometimes even uncanny. Just imagine a bunch of guys dressed in medieval clothing, with fake elven ears or vampire fangs crossing your path while jogging. Normally, this is not supposed to happen, for you would be disturbed by the appearance of roleplayers as well as they would be disturbed by your appearance. For this reason, LARPers choose their locations wisely and it is one of the reasons why LARP is still widely unknown to the masses. The typical LARPer comes from a roleplay background. They started as Pen&Paper gamers (I heard it is called tabletop in the US), Cosplayers (They are not part of the roleplayer-culture but what they fall under my definition given in the last issue, as well) or, on very rare occasions, as Online-gamers. So, how does this LARP thing work? Basically, you invent a character as in every roleplay, but are restricted by your physical appearance and the laws of physics. You cannot be a ten foot giant, if you are only six feet tall (10ft = 3 meters, 6ft = 1,8 meters), because you have to act your character out yourself (Although there are possibilities of playing a giant) and, as far as I know, there is no way to ignore the laws of gravity. So, everything your character can do depends mostly on what you can do. Of course, there are hundreds of shops selling false ears, fangs, coloured contact lenses, Orc foreheads, fake scars and because of that there are LARPers out there who look like they just jumped out of the Lord of the Rings-Movies. But, the attentive reader will ask, how does magic work? For, magical creatures and the fantasy aspects are what differentiates LARP from medieval re-enactment. This is done by a specific set of rules, gestures, props and the imagination of every participant. The rules clearly define how you have to act in order to show everyone which spell you cast and what they have to do when the spell hits them. Another important aspect covered by the rules is fighting. LARPers do not fight with real weapons for this would lead to serious injuries and therefore, specific LARP weapons were created. They are made of foam with a fibreglass-core for stability and allow the player to fight another player without really hurting him (or her). The rules define the amount of damage a weapon does, for a knife cannot hurt someone as much as a five ... see next paGe
... froM last paGe foot axe would. As one can imagine, there are people out there who do not play by the rules but these idiots are excluded from the game as soon as the Gamemasters find out. These noble creatures watch the game and ensure that everyone is playing by the rules and also act as court of ultimate resort when it comes to discussions about the rules. It is clear that ‘GM’ is not the most popular job at a LARP-event. The GMs are the arbitrators and are ‘invisible’ to the LARPers, for they do not belong to the ‘In-Game’ world. The distinction between ‘InGame’ and ‘Off-Game’ is very important for the LARPers, because an In-Game insult or an InGame action is not supposed to end up Off-game where it would be taken too seriously and thus destroy the game. As you already noticed, I am using a lot of specific terms to describe certain aspects. As was pointed out in part 1/3, a certain set of linguistic traits is one factor to define a group of people as a subculture. In fact, the same factors defining Online-roleplayers as a subculture can be applied to LARPers, as well (geographical and linguistic features). As I pointed out in the last issue, Roleplayers do not recognise each other on the street but their ears will prick up if someone mentions familiar terms. There might be likes and dislikes to certain forms of roleplay within the subculture but they have a strong sense of togetherness when it comes to facing prejudices and incomprehension. To conclude this little journey into the fantasy world that exists parallel to our reality, this article is just a very brief overview and is far from covering every possible aspect of Live-roleplay. This is due to the fact that the possibilities in LARP are nearly endless, the spectrum of possible characters playable range from dwarves, elves and orcs over cyborgs, aliens and vampires to giants, demons and even godlike creatures and the size of a LARP-event can be between
ten and 3,000 participants. You can find thousands of websites, blogs, articles, videos and pictures dealing with LARP and if I managed to peak your interest you are strongly advised to do so. For the last part of my series on RPG’s, I decided to focus on Pen&Paper which can be seen as the ‘mother’ of all possible LARP’s. So, let me invite you to the table, pick up your character sheet and step in to a world ruled by dice and your imagination. Dennis Wienert
photo by bifford the younGest, under cc
From A Vision To A Song
A Trip Into The Mind Of A Rap Musician
I think, today we all know some examples of Hip Hop music and culture. We see finished products: from instrumentals over lyrics to images, everything carefully structured. We see only the results and not the processes of creation; again and again, all we see is just a new Hip Hop video or song displaying the same clichés and reinstating the same prejudices of uneducated people creating something that is “not really music”. Most people are not able to look beneath the surface and really don’t recognize the tremendous effort put into Rap songs. Gladly, better times are on their way, because I want to share my experience with everyone out there willing to read this paper. I am really deep into this kind of music; as we say: “I do it all”, I produce instrumentals, called Beats, I write lyrics and I perform them. I tell you this, because Hip Hop culture is very competitive and it is not easy to succeed. Hip Hop music and culture is all about who writes the best lyrics and who produces the most electrifying and banging Beats. But, in order to stay competitive, it is not sufficient to just perfect your own style; you have to be creative and come up with totally new things all the time. Well, the first thing you have to learn is that you need inspiration and that you have to be able to create whole songs out of tiny ideas about melody, atmosphere and theme. So, when I sit at home, I listen to a lot of different music genres and one time or another a small melody or idea appears in my mind and that’s when I’ve got to go to work, because these ideas usually disappear as fast as they come. Next, I start my music program on my PC and I try to put this small idea or melody I have into reality by using computer simulated classic instruments or futuristic synthesizers; I create drum lines, bass lines, lead melodies, melodic alterations and whatever else there is that would make the beat sound as close to my idea or, so to say, to my vision as possible. Usually, this whole process of composing different melodies and their alterations takes several hours or even many days, because you have to revise the Beat again and again to be sure that every detail is according to your idea. But, what is really impressive, when it comes to beats, is that you can use elements of every music genre, so to say, the whole spectrum from Classic orchestral songs over Jazz or Heavy Metal to futuristic Trance and House elements, since Hip Hop has no clear borders. At times, these stylistic mixtures can contain requiem- like violins and deep, humming electronic bass lines, but they still have just the one purpose to create a whole atmosphere containing certain feelings, in this case to be dark and threatening. However, for me the biggest and most important part of Rap and Hip Hop music is that it is based on Textuality, bringing another field as multidimensional as the music itself to the table. Having only the beat finished is not enough to make a whole song out of my vision, it is still unfinished work, without all dimensions of expression. Evidently, the biggest challenge is to create a symbiosis between lyrics and music by combining every aspect of both fields in a harmonic way. Therefore, for me it is important to be familiar with every dimension of language use, including rhythm, verse, different layers of content, social language codes and flow, which I can explain even further by using lyrics from my song “Zurück”: Rhytmic scheme: ich- red- von- der -See- leWenn- ich- sie- be- sie- geDem- Weg- der- We- geVom- Grab- bis- in die- Wie- geIn this example, you have to be aware of the idiomatic expression “from the cradle to the grave”, since this expression is reversed to illustrate a whole new way of interpreting life. Additionally, I use the word soul, “Seele” in German, as a negative expression, and I want to defeat my soul, which runs contradictory to the usual picture. Another important method I use is to emphasize negative meaning and emotionality by stretching words with a deep and roaring voice to create a feeling of pressure, aggressiveness and depression. Ultimately, rhythm and flow, which is to rap words as fluently as possible, are the two determinants ... see next paGe
... froM last paGe leading to the most respect and recognition within Hip Hop culture; so, people come up with new ways to pronounce words, divide words into their basic syllables and just use parts of them etc. In my opinion, the implementation of all the things I’ve mentioned into Rap lyrics needs a greater than usual mastery of language skills. Nevertheless, I’ve heard a lot of people say that “talking over a beat is as easy as music can get”, but that’s simply wrong and ignorant, since they never tried to rap themselves. Most people rapping written lyrics for the first time fail to keep rhythm, to express emotionality or to stress certain words right in order to achieve emphasis or to create atmosphere, which, naturally, creates different options for interpretation. In the beginning I failed in these disciplines as well, consequently, I just realized that rapping really is hard work and you have to put a lot of energy and concentration into it. I discovered that flow can only be created by using the endings of words: Bild dir nichts ein Du musst deinen Weg gehen Wirst oft allein sein und vor Stärkeren stehen The use of similar syllables and, in the last two lines, of quite similar word endings creates a certain rhythm
and stressing of the words, since the “-ein” and “-en” endings can be stretched easily to establish flow and make it easy to remember the lines, which also helps to captivate the audience. But, the biggest problem while writing Rap lyrics is that simple and small words are your worst enemy. Remember, flow is created by certain literary devices like alliteration, repetition, parallelism and so on. So, you have to be aware of language, its different nuances, layers and alternating use within different social groups. As a consequence, you have to choose every word wisely, since it can affect your song on different levels at the same time. If there is a word too much in your line, your flow is hurt, but this becomes obvious only many lines later and then you have to sit there and find out which words mess up your breathing breaks and thus destroy your flow. To get to the point, you have to use the language code belonging to the group to whom you want to address your songs, so it is not true that Rap belongs to the “gutter” and the “uneducated”. To prove this I will show you some lines from my own lyrics: So- viel- Last- die- auf- deinem- Herz- liegt Es- fühlt- sich so an- als ob- dein- Brust- korb- biegt Als ob- deine- Kno- chen lang- sam zer- brechen Als- würde- die Last- sie- perma- nent- schwä- chen Certainly, this kind of language is a very visual one creating the picture of pain and guilt lying on someone’s chest and heart causing the bones to break slowly. Of course, this is a picture of a huge emotional burden almost driving someone crazy and weakening a person’s confidence and wish to live. In this passage, I use repetition and parallelism by repeating the word “als” while creating similar sentence structures in the last two lines. The word “brust- korb” is divided to stress the rhythmic nature of the words even more. Another example would be the use of alliteration combined with a less complex kind of language: Am Klang meiner Stimme erkennst du es Es gibt hier viel Stress Es lebt sich beschissen In this case, alliteration is used to express these lines in a more energetic way, which is also supported by the fact that the “s” is strung together and has a harsh and powerful ending in German. These things can really help to captivate the audience and to lead them into another world during a song, according to my experiences at least. As a perfect ending to this article, I want to give you the chance to look at my visions put into reality on my website www.myspace.com/lostarr23, where you can find the lyrics to completed songs and beats, which will later become songs, as well. For comments or feedback just send me an email or write a comment on my website Written by Lovis Schmidt Lostarr@web.de www.myspace.com/lostarr23
The Ultimate Frisbee
The players quickly ripped off their jerseys, one after the other, and lay them on the ground. Then they took off their shoes, socks, and shorts as they raced to the finish line. A group next to them screamed and danced in a chaotic mixture of gestures and song. Yet another group crawled on all fours, trying to push their way past others like a confused mass of ants trying to crest a mound. The final of the lower division came after two days of exhaustive play and multiple injuries on both sides. The two teams had faced each other earlier in the tournament and decided not to risk further injury. In an interesting show of sportsmanship and weariness, the winner would be decided in a drinking game. They lined up beer bottles and launched discs at them; when a bottle was struck, the team scored a point and the opposing team had to drink a beer. In the end it didn’t matter who won, it was about enjoying the sun, new friendships and the relatively new sport of ultimate frisbee. Simply putting the word “ultimate” in front of a game is usually little more than lip service. However, it has totally transformed frisbee from leisurely tossing a plastic disc about on a sunny afternoon to a fast-paced sport with cult-like participation that defines sportsmanship. Teams usually camp out at competition sites or sleep on the floor of gymnasiums, grilling outdoors throughout the weekend and enjoying a few pints while telling stories of victory and defeat. This ludicrous community of weekend warriors and hard core athletes is what makes ultimate frisbee so unique. Ultimate, as it is often called, combines the endurance and speed of soccer with the precision passing of American football. Once you catch the disc, you are only allowed to pivot and have 10 seconds to pass the disc. You score by catching the disc in the end-zone, similar to rugby. Or, as the UPA, the US governing body of Ultimate, explaines: “Player defined and controlled non-contact team sport played with a flying disc on a playing surface with end zones in which all actions are governed by the ‘Spirit of the Game™.” Whether you are a dedicated and competitive athlete or simply want to enjoy playing a new sport outdoors with friendly people, I encourage you to try Ultimate. For info on Ultimate frisbee in Kassel: www.uni-kassel.de/~frisbee For info on teams in Germany: www.frisbeesportverband.de/ For general info about Ultimate: www.whatisultiMate.coM/
Famous For One Day
Have you sometimes noticed strange and wondrous procedures in front of the Stadthalle Kassel? Hundreds of costumed teenagers and adults standing around and posing for pictures. Of course, Germans shouldn’t be surprised, because around the end of February costumed people tend to be everywhere. It is ‘Fasching’, after all. I am not talking about a bunch of Germans putting on clown costumes to get drunk, though. I am talking about the second week of September, when fans of Japanese comics and cartoons gather at the Stadthalle to rejoice in ‘Cosplay’. From a linguistic point of view, Cos-Play is a blending of two terms; costume and play. It is a phenomenon that started in the U.S, made a detour over Japan, to gain popularity in Germany and has since then created a sub-subculture within the subculture of anime and manga fans. The idea behind it is rather simple: Every one of us has favourite movie-, cartoon-, novel- or comic-characters. Mostly, one likes these characters because of their attitude, their character or just their look. The cosplayer then tries to recreate the costume of his or her favourite character as closely as possible, but – in contrast to ‘Fasching’ – tries to act and behave like this character, as well. So, in addition, it requires a certain amount of theatrical talent to convincingly present the role of the chosen character. Theoretically, there is no character ever created that can not be cosplayed. As most hobbies, cosplay consumes time and money, and as with most DIY (do-it-yourself)- hobbies, you have to learn certain types of mechanical skills. Nobody starts as an expert in costume sewing, prop making, moulding, fabric-dyeing, vacuum-forming, mask-making or leather forming, which are only a few of the skills required for certain types of costumes (and not for all of them, thank goodness). Learning these skills is a fun way to enhance abilities you might need later in life (Honestly, how many of you can sew a shirt?). The community of cosplayers around the world is huge; hundreds of bulletin boards and shops are dedicated to costuming and prop-making and for every possible question spawn a number of different answers. It might sound ridiculous to spend weeks and hundreds of bucks on one costume just for a few minutes of fame at a convention where you might as well be one of a thousand other guys or gals in the same dress, but the feeling of wearing it for the first time after hours of painful detail work is just priceless. Of course, a lazy cosplayer just buys his costume. Dennis Wienert
A Journey to The Uncanny Valley
Why robots always look a bit odd
The term “Uncanny Valley Theory” sounds strange. However, it can be found in movies, shops and even children’s toys. It deals with human-like figures and how we react to them. When the Japanese Science and Technology Agency presented the CB2 Child Robot last year, the press titled “The most disturbing machine ever built”. The CB2 was supposed to impress the public with the behaviour of a 2-year-old child, but the unsettling chap scared the crowd instead. The same happened in June 2006, when Dr. Hiroshi Ishiguro proudly unveiled a mechanical imitation of himself – a robotic doppelganger. His alter ego looked pretty real, but his appearance was rather disturbing. We have also seen human-like characters in animation movies like “The Polar Express”. All of those pseudo-humans have the same problem: They are unable to overcome the little step of convincing realism. We know that they are not like us. Tom Hank’s animated character in “The Polar Express” was criticized as being zombie-like, lifeless, and odd. The animation film studio Pixar is aware of this effect and has decided to exclude realistic human characters from their movies. Animals and cartoonish characters are accepted by the audience, whereas sophisticated 3D animations are dismissed. Why? Let’s try to find out. The fear of robots and artificial creatures is not new. Inspired by Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein (1818), science fiction author Isaac Asimov coined the term Frankenstein Complex in some of his essays. It stands for the fear of a men-made creature that overthrows its creators. Asimov incorporated the Frankenstein complex into some of his scifi stories. A new and partly similar theory appeared in the 1970’s. The Japanese roboticist Dr. Masahiro Mori came up with the Uncanny Valley Theory. It states that humanoid robots trigger fear if their appearance is almost human-like. A graphical depiction of the theory will clarify why it is called “Uncanny Valley Theory”. The x axis shows the human likeness of a character, the y axis shows the perceived familiarity. The black line rises and suddenly falls into a pit – yes, that’s the “Uncanny Valley”. This is the place where we identify objects, namely humans, as zombies or corpses. In this area, we see a robot and think of a corpse. The effect is amplified if a humanoid robot is moving. We instinctively sense that something is not right with that guy. Many explanations for the theory exist. One is that we compare human-like objects to a model in our head. This model tells us how a human should behave and look. The smallest deviation from our mental norm will set off an internal alarm: “Danger! This thing is not a real human, although it claims to be one!”. Scientists haven’t been able to verify this thesis yet and some of them reject the theory completely. Nevertheless, why is that important? Who cares about that stuff ? The astonishing answer is that many businesses are interested in finding out more about Mori’s theory. Toy makers, for example. Does Chucky The Murder Doll ring a bell? No child would buy a zombie doll. Toy designers must therefore avoid the Uncanny Valley effect. They usually do this by giving dolls a cartoonish, unrealistic look. The same goes for prosthesis makers. An artificial limb may fall into the Uncanny Valley if it looks to realistic. As a result, customers wouldn’t buy it. Another example are shop window mannequins. They present the latest fashion and try to attract our attention, but have you ever noticed that none of them has a realistic face? Now you know why. The movie industry wants to overcome the Uncanny Valley effect, as well. Their aim is to enter the most convincing phase of realism in computer animation. Until then, they will continue using the Uncanny Valley Theory for their benefit in horror movies; as a foolproof way to design terrific monsters that will frighten the audience with their slightly abnormal features. Marc Motyka
A Couch Is All You Need!
Try to get a hotel room in London, Paris, or Tokio. It’s likely to cost a fortune. Many hotels offer good service, but spending money on a nice hotel room shouldn’t be the primary holiday goal. If you are nodding right now, read on. If you like to relaxe in huge white temples full of people - ask the local hospital if they have a spare room for you. On holidays, we want to experience other cultures and not just standardized hotel facilities. The international non-profit organization www.CouchSurfing.com has specialized in establishing a global network of open-minded people who are looking for cheap accomodation and contacts all over the world. Over half a million travelers have already registered since the foundation in 1999. Everybody who offers his own couch to tourists can contact other members and sleep on their couch for a few days. Individual traveling has never been easier: Just enter your destination and browse through the user profiles of the specific area. If you like somebody, contact him or her. Couch surfing is all about cultural learning, which cannot be bought with money. The comments in the user profiles proves that couch surfing is fun: “I’ve hosted 17 couch surfers so far and all of the experiences were absolutely great! Hopefully the great people keep coming!”, writes 23-year-old Binnie from the Netherlands. This is just one example that represents hundreds of similarly exciting comments on the website. Some of you might be concerned about security. Couch surfers are said to be nice people, but they are still strangers. To prevent abuse, CouchSurfing.com has developed a strict rating system. Plus, you don’t have to accept a request if something is not according to your wishes. The advantages of couch surfing are huge. Most members are delighted to meet other people and even show you their city with great enthusiasm. Couch surfers meet strangers and leave friends. Let me close this article with a quote from a Japanese couch surfer: “(Our host) Jenn was great. Although she was busy with work and classes, she still found time to show us around Seoul ... We had a GREAT time!” Are you convinced? Log in and start your couch surfing experience on http://www.couchsurfing.com! Marc Motyka
Open Flair Festival 2008
Summer time is festival time! All over the world people meet at all kind of festivals. Near Kassel, some of them will meet in Eschwege where the Open Flair Festival will take place. From the 8th till the 10th of August bands such as The Hives, Pantéon Rococó, Die Fantastischen Vier and many more will make the crowd dance and have fun. Plus this time the organizers have a surprise headliner who is supposed to be the highlight of the festival! But we have to be patient because the secret will only be revealed on August the 8th. http://www.open-flair.de/ provides you with additional information.
Open-Air Cinema in Kassel
The team from the Filmladen cinema invites everybody to Open-air cinema in the yard of the DOCK 4, behind the Fridericianum museum. Starting the 26th of June the films are shown at 10pm everyday expect on Sundays until the 6th of September most likely. The program is very promising. It’s the best from the last year combining Blockbusters and Oscar winners with less famous independent movies which belong on the must-see list. A little taste of what awaits you: Keinohrhase, No Country For Old Men, Little Miss Sunshine, Pans Labyrinth, Control, La Vie En Rose, Earth, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, Persepolis and a lot more. For the whole program visit www.filMladen.de
Our newspaper gets its own radio show on Freies Radio Kassel (105.8 MHz)!! In our show we want to present our articles but also discuss events, maybe do some interviews, and of course play music. The first show will be aired on the 10th of July at 7pm so tune in and turn up your radio!
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The Kulturzelt Kassel is a music summer festival at the Fulda meadow hosting bands from all over the world. Established bands and artists were invited to play at the Kulturzelt, which has been around for 22 years. All types of music are represented and not only music, culture and cultural traditions play a role as well, as the name already suggests. If you like world music and want to see artists and musicians from Mexico, Africa, the USA, Italy, Germany, Belgium and Sweden, the Kulturzelt Impressum Kassel is an event you shouldn’t miss. Zeitung der Studierenden der Anglistik / www.kulturzelt-kassel.de
Amerikanistik des Fachbereiches 02 der Universität Kassel, Georg-Forster-Str. 3, 34109 Kassel Telefon: 0561 804 3380 Interested in Advertising?: eMail firstname.lastname@example.org V..i.S.d.P.: Don Lowman Chief Editors: Don Lowman, Pieter Coetzee Editing and Proof Reading Team: Dennis Wienert, Sabine Krause, Sabrina Lohmann, Johanna Schumacher Writers: Lovis Schmidt, Marc Motyka, Dennis Wienert, Lilia Brestel, Iderbat Ariuna, Murat Sezi, Concetta Mugavero, Gudrun Hahn, Min-ha Cho, Lillia Brestel, Anna Weitemeyer, Sabine Krause, Hanna Scholz, Johanna Schumacher, Peter Carqueville, Franz Mutschler, Alexander Hartmann, Karin Kolb Layout/Design: Peter Carqueville / Photography/Art: Karin Kolb Druck: Nordlicht / Auflage: 400 Web/Forum: Andreas-Carlos Hochutz Bilder: „under cc“ bedeutet, dass jenes Bild unter der Creative Commons Lizens bei Flickr vom benannten User veröf-
The night of the museums this year will be on the 6th of September. The motto will be time travel. So, set off on a trip through about 40 museums and cultural institutions all around Kassel from 5pm until 1am in the morning. Discover exhibitions, guided tours and readings and make it an unforgettable journey through time. http://www.museumsnacht.de/ Lilia Brestel
Night of the museums
fentlicht wurde und unter Namensnennung und nicht-kommerziell weiterverwendet werden darf, siehe z.B. Mustervertrag http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.de
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