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Johnson K. Gao
Dallas, Texas, USA (The first version was posted on the net in October, 2001) (It was modified in January, 2005)
Internet needs a globally acceptable language that is simple, accurate, fast in typing, easy to understand, and abundance in message delivery per unit of area (written form) or per unit of time (sound). English, Russian, Spanish, Chinese, French, German, and Arabic are seven leading languages currently used by the majority of human population in the world. English seems to me, also to many people, the priority language among those seven dominant languages. English might be a candidate as a frame on which a globally acceptable language can be developed. However, English is not perfect. There exist some intrinsic shortcomings in English. It needs to improve. Certain rules or regulations in English grammar have to be re-set. Some English words are differently spelled from their pronunciations (non-phonetic writing). Articles reduce speeding. Verbs have regular and irregular forms without good reasons. Most of verbs need to add "s" for the third person. Letter "s" in plural form of nouns can be omitted without causing confusion. The word "Singlish" stands for "simplified English". Singlish is based on English but it is not English. It is a new international language. It is simplified by applying some new rules and regulations, which may be contradictory to English. The idea to develop Singlish is to create a new language that is easy to learn, fast in typing, and quick for understanding. It could be especially meaningful for international communication on the worldwide net.
It shall absorb any good essences from any existing languages. So that. Arabic. while it contain as much information as possible. People all over the world are invited to join the club. Russian. descendents of hybridization are always strong and superior to those of inbreeding. http://groups. Thus. I believe that an hybridization language shall be better than an isolate and still one. and let it become a more effective tool in human communication and thought exchange. The screen of a computer is rather limited in size. but now it becomes a very popularly used key for sending e-mail.yahoo. the idea of one individual can be recognized very fast by people from different corners of the world. etc. But now. because it omits un-essential components in the language. despite of what kinds of mother-tongue language they used. a web language should use as little space as possible.html Club members are encouraged to make contributions to the club with new rules and regulations that can simplify the living English. the symbol “@” had been almost like a dead key in the past. German. Spanish. as long as that can improve Singlish with the aim that can save time and speed up accurate 2 . Singlish should absorb any good things from worldwide language pool. For an example. Like in biology. the world has been shrunken smaller.com/group/simplify-english/ http://geocities. There are five simple rules to begin with which will be listed in the text below. Singlish helps brain processing quicker and to know other peoples' thoughts faster. It is a treasure of mankind although it has more components/words being used in English. Since internet opens to worldwide people.Language developed from simple form to complex form. in the net age.com/jkxgao/Singlish. Use scientific rules to govern and transform English. the complex form of language needs to be reduced to simple form that improves exchange of ideas faster. Singlish does not belong to any nations or any races. The best international web language should be some what symbolic and it permits the clearest and the shortest form or even mathematic symbols as long as other people can get the meaning correctly and quickly. such that Chinese. French.
shut. 3 . quit. Why not change those non-phonetic words? Suggested samples: Change "island" to "iland". It is unreasonable to have variety forms of verbs without rules. let. Five suggested principal rules and sub rules 1.communication. (Save 1letter/5 letters or 20 %.) Change "often" to "ofen". knit. Don’t feel ashamed in making mistakes in English for those whose mother language is nonEnglish. bet. If a word’s written form is different from its spelling forms. Don’t be worried about critics from doctrinaire or stubborn scholars. any structure in the currently used English. II. Set up few general rules and try them. dit.6 %. if it may cause a common mistake by non-English speaking people shall be reevaluated. cut. or. Reason: Most written forms in Russian words. or even in English. Produce some sample articles written in Singlish and put the English aside. slit. There are about 300 irregular verbs in English. Let Singlish and English counter exist. unset. shed. 3.) And you may find more samples by yourselves. cast. Encourage club members or non-members to suggest more new rules or regulations and discuss the benefit to use of those rules. That kind of mistake means nothing but it might be non-logic to the majority of human being in a larger scale of population. rid. Since there are about 17 irregular verbs (beset. 2. bid. (Save 1letter/6 letters or 16. as long as those changes are favorable to a faster expression and an easier understanding. 2. No irregular verbs. Announcing certain rules as fixed formal rules. hurt. Four steps will be applied for Singlish promotion: 1. If one person can save one minute from simplified English per day. We would rather pick up the spirit of a famous slogan: “To rebel is justice!” Singlish permits those seemingly mistakes in the Standard English. 4. change the written form and let it be in conformed to pronunciation. Let people compare if Singlish is scientifically superior to English and practically save of time and energy. The more frequent mistake. the urgent need to have it be corrected. are pronounced as they are spelled. we shall purposely design alterations to fit our purpose. They are difficult to remember by non-English-speaking people. On the contrary. the total time-saving of a billion people are more than 1900 years.
) 2. past tense. You (have) be.2). Since "have" is an irregular verb in English. It should be simplified. (3) That picture have be draw for many year. (2) He draw picture yesterday. I had. You have (had) been. (4) We are. They be. (5) They are. (Note: If "a" (in 1. They were. You be. You were. You had. (4) We be. They have (had) been.1 and 2. (5) They be. He (She or It) be. He (She or It) was. 2. "have" and "be" are irregular verbs (refer to text 2. we suggest that all other irregular verbs and all regular verbs shall follow the rule of no change form in verbs. I was. (2) You be. and it is even more true to all Chinese verbs (without need to change form in different tense) which had been used for several thousand years with no problem. it does not need to change cases in Singlish. Since "be" is an irregular verb. (2) You have. I (have) be. Samples in English: [Present tense/past tense/present (past) perfect tense] (1) I am. We were. 4 . Samples in English: [Present tense/past tense/present (past) perfect tense] (1) I have. it can be omitted. I be. He (She or It) has (had) been. I have (had) been. 2) is an article. Samples in English: (1) He draws a picture with a pen. (3) He (She or It) be. (2) You are. We (have) be. (2) He drew a picture yesterday. (3) That picture had been drawn for many years. I have (had) had. They (have) be. He (She or It) (have) be. You have (had) had. (3) He (She or It) is.upset. We have (had) been. They do not need change forms in Singlish. We be. Expressed in Singlish: (1) I be. and wed) that are permitted to be used in the same form for both infinitive (present tense). Expressed in Singlish: (1) He draw picture with pen.1. and past participle tense without causing any misleading in English.2.
But. He (She or It) do. We (You or They) have (had) had. We (You or They) (once) have. You (once) have. (3) He (She or It) do. (4) We (You or They) do. 5 . Omit suffix "ed" in the past tense and present and past perfect tense of all regular verbs in English. We (You or They) have (had) done. (4) We (You or They) have. You do. We (You or They) had. You (have) do. I (once) have. (4) We (You or They) have. He (She or It) has (had) had. He (She or It) (have) do. Expressed in Singlish: [Present tense/past tense/present (past) perfect tense] (1) I have. (2) You do. We (You or They) (already) have. 2. Note: People may add “already” before the verb for past tense. You (already) have. Samples in English: (1) I always cut apples with that small knife. You did. We (You or They) did. I have (had) done. He (She or It) did. I do. Samples in English: [Present tense/ past tense/present (past) perfect tense] (1) I do. He (She or It) (once) have. add “once” before a verb for present perfect tense and past perfect tense. 2. (2) You have. such as “ They once have”. (2) I cut grass in my yard yesterday. We (You or They) do. (3) He (She or It) have. These are commonly used verbs. You have (had) done. I (have) do. We (You or They) (have) do. when they feel that it can better express a specific occasion. these two specification words can be omitted. such as “You already have”.3. I (already) have.(3) He (She or It) has. I did.4. (2) You do. The verb "cut" and "put" in past tense and present or past perfect tense used the same form "cut" and "put". He (She or It) has (had) done. Since "do" is an irregular verb in English. it does not need to change cases in Singlish. Expressed in Singlish: (1) I do. He (She or It) (already) have. (4) We (You or They) do. He (She or It) had. (3) He (She or It) does.
The "ed" in verb past tense or perfect tense shall be allowed to be omitted to save time. but ten boy is incorrect. The ending "s" for a plural noun carries little meaning. why we must change tenses in all regular verbs by adding "ed". (3) Horse have four leg. you will say ten boys is a wrong form. (3) Farmer (have) plant a lot of tree before last summer. 3. if someone used ten boy (omitted “s” in boys). (2) The farmer planted soy beans in that field last year.no change in verb form in different tenses. one people. In English. If you are wise. You can realize that ten people equal to ten peoples. In Chinese language all the singular nouns and plural nouns are the same forms. the “s” as a suffix after a noun adds a lot of extra work with very little value. Why? Since in “ten boy” the “ten” already means plural. English samples: (1) The farmer who plants corns in that field is my brother. all Chinese verbs do not change forms in past tense and perfect tense. If someone used ten peoples. The omission of “ed” should not be considered as a mistake. it will be considered as a mistake. We can safely accept that rule . a million people are correct forms."The Art of War" by Sun Wu Tsi (Sun zi). it is considered as a mistake. Why we need treat things unfairly and to consider that ten people is correct (is right). Omit the "s" for plural nouns. Omit that “s” In Singlish. That book is still understandable in Chinese characters and that article including all verbs can be actually translated in to English. But. as it is in ten people. So that "s" is no need. since ten means plural already. articles and literatures. (2) There be twelve apple on table. Actually. and it was even studied by Pentagon. among them we just mention one book . (2) Farmer plant soy bean in that field last year. Singlish forms: (1) Farmer who plant corn in that field be my brother. ten people. which was written more then two thousand years ago. (3) The farmer had planted a lot of trees before last summer. Since they did not cause confusion with the word "cut" in English in different tenses in above three sentences. 6 . Therefore. That does not cause confusion in Chinese literature. The Chinese had produced many immortal documents.(3) I have cut the tree before they come to my house. Samples in Singlish: (1) There be one apple on table.
It go. it is 9. Omit article(s). "an" and "the" add no additional meaning to sentences. We eat. It goes. (Save 3/25 letters. He goes. They eat. They go.6%) (3) Fox be natural predator of rabbit. He go. singular should behave like 1st and 2nd person.042 characters. He eat. Example in Singlish: (1) He have boat in lake near by. Omit the "s" for verb form of third person in present tense. The differences between 1st. Samples in English: (1) He has a boat in the lake near by.81% less than the original English. Samples in English: (1) I go. or. The original version has 4. (3) The fox is the natural predator of rabbit. It can be omitted without problem. or. Attachment A is “The Little Match Girl” translated in Singlish. All legends for illustration of figures or 7 . (2) I saw an airplane flying in the blue sky. The Microscopic Society of American had set a rule for its symposium publication many years ago. and 3rd person cause certain verb to change form. Attachment B is the original form of “The Little Match Girl” in English. (2) I eat. She eat. 2nd. here "a". We go. (Save 6/28 letters. She eats. She goes.4%) III. Here is a similar practice for reducing space in book printing. 15. we suggest using article sparingly. You eat. That means there shall be a saving of 440 characters with Singlish. to make sentence short and more solid. Consequently. It eat. We eat. or. 5. The founder of the Singlish club had tried to re-write some famous literature in Singlish. 12%) (2) I see airplane flying in blue sky. Suggestion: 3rd person. both you and the writer save about 1/10 of the valuable time. (1) I go. Practice in writing Without practice everything is in vain. They eat. You go.4. 21. or.482 characters in English. He eats. You go. She go. Article decorates a noun. We go. You eat. Clearly. (2) I eat. it reduces to 4. (Save 5/32 letters. Suppose that you can understand the story written in Singlish. They go. When that story was written in Singlish.
Create something new and correct what is wrong in current English. Since we know that languages are always under slowly but constantly changes. and use our practice to force English to change more actively and scientifically. we could not expect that Singlish can get a drastic transformation. the faster change it will be. We have only one aim . we can establish a table to correct most commonly used non-phonetic words for Singlish.yahoo. Conclusion and prospect Language is always under change day by day. if you have time you can help us to pick up those non-phonetic words under the letter in dictionary which is the first letter of your surname. then. If more people will join with us. This declaration calls on people all over the world to try to find good things in their mother languages that can improve English ever possible. Yes. verbs and tense. language is always under slow motion of its change. English is under quick change in the current world. and let the unique language mature faster. This had been verified to be true by billions of people in every living language. post it to our club. So I call on readers. accurate worldwide communication. we can reach our goal. IV. But. the flame of a camp fire could burn higher”.to get rid of un-reasonable structure in English and to create a novel universal language Singlish for the realization of a fast. So. The Singlish has aimed higher and stepped further for simplification of English systematically in order to benefit to worldwide non-English-speaking people. Also we hope you can use your merit in your mother language to find some way to improve Singlish. 8 . etc. http://groups. But. No language can avoid “no change”. it also benefits English-speaking people. for the long run. “i” equals to “I” to avoid shift key in typing. The more people to use English. They created an advanced model for the simplification of English in scientific books.com/group/simplify-english/ An old saying “If everyone picks wood. To find nonphonetic words and to correct them will be much easier than to simplify verbs and tenses. Such as nowadays more people can understand “foto” means “photograph”. we will not be in a hurry.photographs have to omit articles “a” and “the”. “u” is the simple form of “you”.
and at home it be cold too. One slipper be nowhere to be find. that be quite red and blue from cold. So little maiden walk on with her tiny nake foot. for you know it be New Year's Eve. because of two carriage that roll by dreadfully fast. how it burn! It be warm. of course. Her little foot she have draw close up to her. draw it against wall. the other have be lay hold of by urchin. It seem really to little maiden as though she be sitting 9 . it snow. through which wind whistle. even though largest crack be stop up with straw and rag. yes. and she hold bundle of them in her hand. if she only dare take single one out of bundle. and with nake foot. In corner form by two house. it be true. She creep along trembling with cold and hunger . In this cold and darkness there go along street poor little girl. and off he run with it. "Rischt!" how it blaze. Nobody have buy anything of her whole livelong day. poor little thing! Flake of snow cover her long fair hair.Attachment A Singlish form of “The Little Match Girl” Most terribly cold it be. She draw one out. but of that. When she leave home she have slipper on. like candle. for above her she have only roof.very picture of sorrow. and to go home she do not venture. and poor little thing lose them as she scuffle away across street. of which one advance more than other. and warm her finger by it. barehead. but what be good of that? They be very large slipper. From all window candle be gleaming. so large be they. which fall in beautiful curl around her neck. as she hold her hand over it: it be wonderful light. bright flame. she never once now think.last evening of year. he think it would do capitally for cradle when he some day or other shall have child himself. which her mother have hitherto wear. and be nearly quite dark. Oh! match may afford her world of comfort. she seat herself down and cower together. of that she think. but she grow colder and colder. no one have give her single farthing. and evening . Her little hand be almost num with cold. She carry quantity of match in old apron. for she have not sell any match and can not bring a farthing of money: from her father she will certainly get blow. and it smell so deliciously of roast goose.
and where light fall on wall. Light of Christmas tree rise higher and higher. look down upon her. like delicious roast goose. have tell her. and who be now no more. one fall down and form long trail of fire. She take little maiden. Thousand of light be burning on green branch. only person who have love her. upon it be splendid porcelain service. so mild. and gaily-color picture. reel about on floor with knife and fork in its breast. and in luster there stand old grandmother. it warm so delightfully. there wall become transparent like veil. such as she have see in shop-window.before large iron stove. stove vanish: she have only remain of burn-out match in her hand. She draw another match against wall: it be again light. Little girl have already stretch out her foot to warm them too.small flame go out. she see them now as star in heaven. for her old grandmother. 10 . "Grandmother!" cry little one. and then above be neither cold. but . nor hunger. On table be spread snow-white tablecloth. and both fly in brightness and in joy so high. so very high. cold. you vanish like warm stove.they be with God. soul ascend to God. Now there she be sitting under most magnificent Christmas tree: it be still larger. so bright and radiant. goose hop down from dish. "Oh. Fire burn with such bless influence. that when star fall. so that she can see into room. and with such expression of love. And what be still more capital to behold be. till it come up to poor little girl. Little maiden stretch out her hand toward them when… match go out. She light another match. and roast goose be steaming famously with its stuffing of apple and dry plum. She rub another against wall: it burn brightly. "Someone be just dead!" say little girl. And match give such brilliant light that it be brighter than at noon-day: never formerly have grandmother be so beautiful and so tall. damp wall be leave behind. on her arm. take me with you! You go away when match burn out. with burnish brass foot and brass ornament at top. for she want to be quite sure of keeping her grandmother near her. and like magnificent Christmas tree!" And she rub whole bundle of match quickly against wall. when – match go out and nothing but thick. nor anxiety . and more decorate than one which she have see through glass door in rich merchant's house.
sit poor girl. and evening. of course.gutenberg.cordula. "She want to warm herself. but of that. that were quite red and blue from cold. and she held a bundle of them in her hand. bareheaded. When she left home she had slippers on. she never once now thought. She crept along trembling with cold and hunger . One slipper was nowhere to be found. So the little maiden walked on with her tiny naked feet. No one have slightest suspicion of what beautiful thing she have see.the last evening of the year. so large were they.a very picture of sorrow. with her grandmother she have enter on joy of new year. at cold hour of dawn. and with naked feet.ws/s-littlematchen.But in corner. the other had been laid hold of by an urchin. and off he ran with it. leaning against wall . Attachment B (From one of two links below) http://www.html http://www. which her mother had hitherto worn. She carried a quantity of matches in an old apron. no one even dream of splendor in which. and was nearly quite dark. and the poor little thing lost them as she scuffled away across the street. the poor little thing! The flakes of snow covered her long fair hair. no one had given her a single farthing. it snowed. it is true. which fell in beautiful curls around her neck." people say. but what was the good of that? They were very large slippers. with rosy cheek and with smiling mouth. In this cold and darkness there went along the street a poor little girl.org/dirs/etext99/hcaft10.txt The Little Match Girl (in English) Most terribly cold it was. he thought it would do capitally for a cradle when he some day or other should have children himself. Stiff and stark sit child there with her match. Nobody had bought anything of her the whole livelong day. From 11 . of which one bundle have be burn.frozen to death on last evening of old year. because of two carriages that rolled by dreadfully fast.
yes. till it came up to the poor little girl. the goose hopped down from the dish. the stove vanished: she had only the remains of the burnt-out match in her hand. for you know it was New Year's Eve. Her little feet she had drawn close up to her. when--the match went out and nothing but the thick. of which one advanced more than the other. "Rischt!" how it blazed. but . bright flame. Her little hands were almost numbed with cold. with burnished brass feet and a brass ornament at top. even though the largest cracks were stopped up with straw and rags. looked down upon her. And what was still more capital to behold was. such as she had seen in the shop-windows. through which the wind whistled. how it burnt! It was a warm. like a candle. if she only dared take a single one out of the bundle. and it smelt so deliciously of roast goose. She lighted another match. She rubbed another against the wall: it burned brightly. for she had not sold any matches and could not bring a farthing of money: from her father she would certainly get blows. It seemed really to the little maiden as though she were sitting before a large iron stove. and more decorated than the one which she had seen through the glass door in the rich merchant's house.the small flame went out. The little girl had already stretched out her feet to warm them too. draw it against the wall. there the wall became transparent like a veil. In a corner formed by two houses. She drew one out. and where the light fell on the wall.all the windows the candles were gleaming. but she grew colder and colder. The little maiden stretched out her hands towards them when…the match 12 . of that she thought. Now there she was sitting under the most magnificent Christmas tree: it was still larger. Oh! a match might afford her a world of comfort. and warm her fingers by it. so that she could see into the room. and to go home she did not venture. damp wall was left behind. On the table was spread a snow-white tablecloth. she seated herself down and cowered together. it warmed so delightfully. upon it was a splendid porcelain service. for above her she had only the roof. and at home it was cold too. and the roast goose was steaming famously with its stuffing of apple and dried plums. Thousands of lights were burning on the green branches. as she held her hands over it: it was a wonderful light. and gaily-colored pictures. reeled about on the floor with knife and fork in its breast. cold. The fire burned with such blessed influence.
leaning against the wall . take me with you! You go away when the match burns out. "Someone is just dead!" said the little girl. "Oh. at the cold hour of dawn." people said. with rosy cheeks and with a smiling mouth.frozen to death on the last evening of the old year. with her grandmother she had entered on the joys of a new year. that when a star falls.went out. sat the poor girl. Stiff and stark sat the child there with her matches. She took the little maiden. a soul ascends to God. nor anxiety . had told her. She drew another match against the wall: it was again light. on her arm. she saw them now as stars in heaven. The End 13 . and both flew in brightness and in joy so high. one fell down and formed a long trail of fire. nor hunger. of which one bundle had been burnt. "She wanted to warm herself. so bright and radiant. But in the corner. so mild. the only person who had loved her. so very high.they were with God. and with such an expression of love. "Grandmother!" cried the little one. And the matches gave such a brilliant light that it was brighter than at noon-day: never formerly had the grandmother been so beautiful and so tall. and who was now no more. for her old grandmother. The lights of the Christmas tree rose higher and higher. and like the magnificent Christmas tree!" And she rubbed the whole bundle of matches quickly against the wall. for she wanted to be quite sure of keeping her grandmother near her. no one even dreamed of the splendor in which. and in the luster there stood the old grandmother. you vanish like the warm stove. No one had the slightest suspicion of what beautiful things she had seen. and then above was neither cold. like the delicious roast goose.
However. Reproduction in any forms. 14 .Copyrights reserved by the author. for the commercial purpose shall be prohibited. The author’s e-mail address is: jkxgao@yahoo. the author shall be appreciated to receive a report form him/her on the volume and purpose for that reproduction. mechanically or electronically.com Your support to Singlish shall be highly appreciated. the author grants the permission to readers for copying any parts of this article for personal use or for spreading information among his/her friends in order to promote Singlsh. In case if a large quantity of reproduction of this article was made by any reproducer.
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