6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering

Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide
Contents
Introducing Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 Setup Overview Classroom Requirements Classroom Configuration Instructor Computer Checklist Instructor Computer Setup Student Computer Checklist Student Computer Setup Appendix A Appendix B 1 3 4 6 6 7 15 15 17 19

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Product Number: 6423A

Virtual Server is a technology that allows a single computer to act as a host for one or more virtual machines. The virtual machines use a set of virtual devices that might or might not map to the physical hardware of the host computer. The following definitions will help you with the remainder of this document: • Virtual Server: Virtual Server is a server application that enables users to run a broad range of operating systems simultaneously on a single physical server.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94481. The software that is installed onto the virtual machine is unmodified. fullversion. Virtual Machine: The computer that is running inside Virtual Server.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 1 Introducing Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 This learning product is designed using Microsoft® Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1. Guest Operating System: The operating system that is running inside the virtual machine. while “virtual machine” refers to the guest operating system and any software that is running inside the Virtual Server application. Virtual Server does not ship with this learning product. or it can be ordered or downloaded from: http://go. retail software that operates exactly as it does when it is installed onto physical hardware. • • • • . Host Operating System: The operating system that is running on the physical computer. but it can be acquired from your MSDN® subscription. In this document.microsoft. Host Computer: The physical computer onto which an operating system and the Virtual Server application have been installed. “Virtual Server” refers to the application running on the host.

By default.2 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering • Host Key: The key that is designated to take the place of the CTRL+ALT combination when logging on to Microsoft Windows®. By default. To close the dialog box. To access the Windows Security dialog box for a guest operating system. The setup instructions that you will follow as part of this classroom setup guide configure Virtual Server and the Virtual Machines that run on the host. other host computers. The host key can be changed once the Virtual Server is set up by going to Administrative Controls and clicking on Remote Control. the host key is the ALT key on the right side of the keyboard. then selecting Set Host Key. Other than this difference. the virtual machine will run in a web application in the host computers. Changing any of the configuration settings may render the labs for this learning product unusable. press ESC. virtual machines on other host computers. or any combination thereof. other virtual machines on the same host computer. software on a virtual machine behaves as it would behave on a physical computer. . other physical computers on the network. Note: Pressing CTRL+ALT+DELETE while working with a virtual machine will display the Windows Security dialog box for the host operating system. You can configure virtual machines to communicate with the host computer. “HOST+DELETE” means RIGHT-ALT+DELETE. press HOST+DELETE.

The setup procedures below assume that the host computers can communicate with each other for setup purposes. it is not necessary for the host computers to be able to communicate with another network. However. in addition to tips on improving virtual machine performance and troubleshooting. You should note the administrator’s user name and password for the host computers. For the purposes of this learning product. allowing them to communicate with each other is recommended to make setup easier.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94482. For more information.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 3 Setup Overview The host computers must be set up with a supported operating system. .microsoft. Important: It is highly recommended that you read the Partner Deployment Guide on the Virtual Server page of the Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT) secure site: http://go. and provide this information to the instructor.microsoft. please visit the follow web site: http://go.com/fwlink/?LinkId=116800&clcid=0x409. This document contains valuable information on Microsoft Learning’s virtual machine implementation and activation.

Before class begins. . the instructor computer must be connected to a projection display device that supports SVGA 800 x 600 pixels. 256 colors In addition. Hardware The classroom computers require the following hardware and software configuration. 256 colors. 7200 RPM DVD drive Non–Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) network adapter: 10/100 megabits per second (Mbps)-required full duplex 16-megabyte (MB) video adapter (32-MB recommended) Super VGA (SVGA) 17-inch monitor Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device Sound card with amplified speakers Projection display device that supports SVGA 800 x 600.1 bus 2 gigabyte (GB) of RAM At least two 40-GB hard disks. Hardware Level 5. use the following information and instructions to install and configure all computers.4-gigahertz (GHz) processor PCI 2.4 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering Classroom Requirements This learning product requires a classroom with a minimum of one computer for the instructor and one for each student.5 • • • • • • • • • • • Pentium IV 2.

NET™ 2. this software is not included in the Trainer Materials disc. at http://go.microsoft.0 framework can be downloaded from http://go.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 5 Software Please note that. The Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher runs on the . This learning product was developed and tested on supported Microsoft software. but not included in the Training Materials is Microsoft Office PowerPoint® 2007.microsoft. unless otherwise indicated. (This is required for the instructor computer only). Please visit the Virtual Server web site for detailed information.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94622 for x86 installations. or http://go.com/fwlink/?LinkId=116801&clcid=0x409 for x64 installations. This framework must be installed on any machine running the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher. The .NET 2.com/fwlink/?LinkId=116800&clcid=0x409.microsoft. Also required.0 framework. which is required for the classroom computers. .

6 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering Classroom Configuration Each classroom computer will serve as the host for nine virtual machines that will run in Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1. Install the Macromedia Flash Plug-in 8. Install Lab Launcher / Base Image Files 4. all computers will be configured to run one virtual machine running Windows Server 2003 (VAN-DC1). Install the PowerPoint Slides 7. Install Internet Information Services (IIS) 2. The network configuration of the host computers does not matter. Create a Setup Share 5. and eight virtual machines running Windows Server 2008. Domain or workgroup membership does not matter. Install Adobe Acrobat Reader . Estimated Time to Set up the Classroom: 120 Minutes Instructor Computer Checklist 1. Install Courseware Fonts 6. Install Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 3. After completing setup.

1. click Next. if necessary. 5. A list of supported operating systems can be found at http://go. Before starting the instructor computer installation. and then click OK. 3. you will install IIS. 6. If it is configured for Category View. click Add or Remove Programs. In Control Panel.microsoft. These steps describe how to install IIS on Windows XP. Provide the path to your Windows source location.com/fwlink/?LinkId=116800&clcid=0x409. . In the Add or Remove Programs window. and then click Control Panel. On the instructor computer. Install Internet Information Services (IIS) In this task. In the Subcomponents of Internet Information Services (IIS) list. you must have a supported operating system and Microsoft Power Point 2007 already installed on the computer. In the Windows Components Wizard. doubleclick Add or Remove Programs. 2. 4. you can skip this procedure. click Add/Remove Windows Components. click Internet Information Services (IIS).Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 7 Instructor Computer Setup Use the instructions in the following section to set up the classroom. click Start. and then click Details. if Control Panel is configured for Classic View. In the Windows Components Wizard. Important: If IIS is already installed. 1. select the World Wide Web Service check box.

7. 5. 3. On the instructor computer. In the Windows Features dialog box. 4. click Continue.8 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 7. 2. 6. In Control Panel. and then click Control Panel. expand Internet Information Services. complete these steps: 1. In the Uninstall or change a program window. click Programs and then click Programs and Features. click Turn Windows Components On or Off. 8. To install IIS on Windows Vista. if Control Panel is configured for Classic View. If the Control Panel is configured for Control Panel Home view. doubleclick Programs and Features. . click Start. In the User Account Control dialog box. Select the World Wide Web Services check box. Provide the path to your Windows source location. When the wizard has completed. if necessary. Close Control Panel. and then click OK. 8. and then close Control Panel. click Finish. Close the Add or Remove Programs window.

9. enter a User Name. . and then click Next. check the box Enable Virtual Server exceptions in Windows Firewall. On the Ready to Install the Program page. Close the Installation Summary – Windows Internet Explorer window. In the Customer Information dialog box. 7. and then click Next. 4. Organization.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94483. click Install. and then click Next. Install Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 In this task. On the Setup Type screen.microsoft. On the Configure Components screen. Note: If Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 is already installed. 8. the software can be downloaded free from Microsoft at http://go. click Next. If you do not have a disk. you will install Virtual Server and create a shortcut on the desktop. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. 3. On the Setup Complete page. 2. 5.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 9 2. and the product key for your version of Virtual Server. 6. and then click Next. select Complete. you can skip this task. click the Install Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 button. On the Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 Setup dialog box. On the next Configure Components screen. In the License Agreement dialog box. 1. click Finish.

Double-click Base08A. By default.exe in the \Setup\Drives folder of the Trainer Materials disc. If installing on a 64-bit platform. Note: Non-base VHD files need to be located at C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning423\Drives. 3. all non-base virtual machine files should be installed to C:\Program Files (x86) \Microsoft Learning423\Drives. You will need to follow the following steps in order to set this up correctly. Install Lab Launcher / Base Image Files By installing the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher. In the Official Microsoft Learning Products End-User License Agreement window. the user will be prompted for the new location of the VHD files. click Accept to indicate that you accept the terms in the license agreement. and then click Install. you will have easy access to all the required virtual hard disks (VHDs) for your course. This might take a few minutes. Each Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher comes packaged in a series of MSI files. . This installation path must be changed to C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Learning423\Drives.10 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 3. the WinRAR executables will install to C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning423\Drives. In the WinRAR self-extracting archive window. with additional drives included in WinRar executables if needed. in the Destination folder text box. Please wait while the base virtual hard disk file is extracted. If the files are installed in any other location. ensure that C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning\Base is listed. 2. 1.

. Verify that a shortcut to the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher is now on the desktop. and then click Next. 10. In the 6423A Setup box. and then click Next. ensure that the Everyone Group has full permissions to the VHD files. Repeat steps 2 through 4 for the following base drives: • • Base08B. On the Ready to Install page. This might take a few minutes. 9.vhd Base05D. After installing the VHD’s including all WinRar files.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 11 4. click Next. 12. click I accept the terms in the License Agreement. ensure that files are Not Read Only. If installing on Windows Vista®.vhd Please wait while the base virtual hard disk file is extracted. 6. 7. Click Finish. On the Choose Setup Type page. 8.msi in the \Setup\Drives folder of the Trainer Materials disc. On the 6423A License Agreement page. 11. click Install. Administrative permission are required in the Windows Vista OS in order to install. 5. You must have already installed ALL MSI and if necessary WinRar files before starting the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher. select Typical. Double-click 6423A.

Share the C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning\Base folder. 2. 1.com/fwlink/?LinkId=116802&clcid=0x409. Share the C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning423 folder.12 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 13. Note: It is recommended that you start the Lab Launcher on the instructor’s machine before pushing it out to the students’ machines. Verify the setup by starting the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher from the desktop shortcut. That each virtual machine (VM) is working properly and that no data corruption has taken place. Create a Setup Share In this task. This will insure that: 1. 4. The VHD’s and VMC’s are present and in their default folder locations. The proper user permissions are present on the launcher files. see: Windows 2000: http://go. .microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=116803&clcid=0x409. The Microsoft Software License Terms has been accepted. or Windows Server 2003: http://go.microsoft. 4. 3. 2. Note: For information on how to set up a share. you will share virtual machine files for copying to student computers.

2. • In the Trainer Materials disc. in the \Setup folder.exe.exe.exe. click OK. 7. and then click OK. 3. you will install courseware fonts by running Fonts. When installation is complete. In the Trainer Materials disc. In the Macromedia Flash Player 7 dialog box. double-click Fonts. On the Trainer Materials disc.msi. in the \Setup folder. 1. you will install the most current Flash plug-in by running Flashx. in the Student\Flash folder. click OK. Install Courseware Fonts In this task.exe. click Yes to install the control. In the Courseware fonts dialog box. double-click 6423_ppt. 2. click Yes. 3. 6. Install the PowerPoint Slides In this task. Install the Macromedia Flash Plug-In In this task.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 13 5. 1. and then click OK. . you will install the PowerPoint slides for the learning product by running 6423_ppt.msi. In the Courseware fonts message box. double-click Flash7.

com.14 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 8. you will Install Adobe Acrobat Reader by running the installation file. Note: You must download the installation file for Adobe Acrobat Reader from http://www.adobe. Install Adobe Acrobat Reader In this task. • Download and then follow the onscreen instructions to install Adobe Acrobat Reader. .

0 framework is installed on the computer. • For detailed instructions. Student Computer Setup Use the instructions in the following section to manually set up the classroom. Install the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 15 Student Computer Checklist 1. Install Internet Information Services (IIS) Note: If IIS is already installed.microsoft. 1.microsoft. The .com/fwlink/?LinkId=116800&clcid=0x409. ensure that a supported operating system is installed on the computer and that the . 3. 2. Install Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1. Caution: These instructions assume network connectivity between the instructor computer and the student computers.NET 2. or http://go. Before starting the student computer installation. If you do not have connectivity. Microsoft Learning recommends copying the virtual machines to the student computers by means of a manually created DVD or universal serial bus (USB) drive.microsoft. Install Internet Information Services (IIS).com/fwlink/?LinkId=94622 for x86 installations. You can check the supported systems list at http://go.0 framework can be downloaded from http://go.NET 2.com/fwlink/?LinkId=116801&clcid=0x409 for x64 installations. you can skip this procedure. . see the instructor Computer Setup section.

The following directories and shortcuts will be needed to ensure that the student has all necessary files to start the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher. C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning\Base 3. . C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning423\Data\LauncherApplication. • See detailed instructions in the Instructor Computer Setup section. 2. Run the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher on the student machines to verify working order. Check that all permissions have been retained.) or XCopy 1. Install the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher Note: Ensure that all files are copied. by looking at the directories above and making sure they are NOT Read Only. 1. you can skip this step.exe. and the shortcut on the desktop 4.16 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 2. C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning423 and all included files 2. Install Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 Note: If Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 is already installed. 3. Ensure that you have copied the files using a permission-retaining software such as RoboCopy (recommended for Windows Vista OS.

you may want to install your keyboard layout in the virtual machine. click Add. On the Languages tab. In the Text Services and Input Languages box. If your physical keyboard doesn’t match the above layout. To Add Another Keyboard Layout and Set it to Default in Windows XP and Windows Server™ 2003 Virtual Machines 1.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 17 Appendix A The virtual machines were developed using the English (United States) layout shown below. under Text services and input languages. 3. . you may need to refer to the above layout for the character positions used to logon. 2. Open the Regional and Language Options control panel. click Details. under Installed services. For future logons and usage throughout the labs.

com/fwlink/?LinkId=76389 Or search the Vista help for the following topics: • • To change the keyboard layout on the Welcome screen How do I change the keyboard layout for the Welcome screen? .18 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 4. 6. 7. Click OK. 5. select Keyboard layout/IME and then select your language and location from the Input language list. In the Add Input Language box. Click OK to close the Regional and Language Options box. Click OK to accept the warning. 8.microsoft. You can change this layout if your location has more than one layout available. under the Advanced tab. In the Regional and Language Options box. under Default user account settings select the box to apply the settings to the current user account and to the default user profile. Notice a keyboard layout/IME is selected automatically for you. To Add Another Keyboard Layout and Set it to Default in Windows Vista Virtual Machines. • See http://go.

exe file. Navigate to the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher install directory at C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning\[Package Name]. Click on that process. and then click Create Shortcut. Scan the processes tab for a process with the same name as your Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher executable.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 19 Appendix B Potential Issues 1. and then clicking Explore. b. Open Windows Explorer by right-clicking the Start menu. Ensure the user does not already have a Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher executable running. Move the newly created shortcut to the desktop. c. Navigate to the Data subdirectory. and clicking Task Manager. 2. . and then click End Process. Right-click on the Lab Launcher. iii. iv. d. Click the Processes tab. e. Open the Task Manager by right-clicking the task bar. complete the following steps: i. but still receive this message. There is no executable shortcut on the desktop a. ii. The user receives the error message “An instance of this package is already running” • Only one instance of a Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher can run at any time. If they do not appear to have one running.

iv. In the Virtual Server Administrative Website. Virtual Server is running. In order to access virtual machines through Virtual Server. 4. Click Start. If prompted for credentials. you can download it for free at http://go. To correct this error take the following steps: i. the user must be an explicit administrator of the Virtual Server instance on the local machine. Ensure Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 is installed on the local machine. Click Virtual Server Security. v. click Server Properties. ii. If Virtual Server is not installed. The current user has administrator access permission to this Virtual Server instance. enter the credentials of a user with administrator access to Virtual Server. The user receives the error message “This application has expired".config file from the teacher machine to the student [LauncherInstallationPath]\Data\ directory.microsoft. iii.20 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 3. iii. "Key Validation Error” • Overwrite a fresh copy of the LauncherSettings.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94481. Being a member of a group with administrator privileges is often not sufficient. ii. and then click Virtual Server Administration Website. click All Programs. The user receives the error message “Unable to connect to the local Virtual Server instance” a. b. Please ensure the following: i. click Microsoft Virtual Server. on the left menu. Virtual Server is installed on this machine. .

6.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 21 vi.0 framework.NET framework v2. Following the instructions on the Web page. c.0 or higher. b. The . . The Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher runs on the . b. The user receives the following error messages: a.NET 2.0 framework can be downloaded from http://go.com/fwlink/?LinkId=94622. add a permission entry for the user. Restart the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher. with all permissions boxes checked except for Special Permissions. vii. This program requires the .NET 2. Ensure that the user is not attempting to run the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher over a share. Overwrite a fresh copy of the LauncherSettings. and then click OK. The Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher crashes on start a. 5.microsoft. This framework must be installed on any machine running the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher. and then continue.config file from the teacher machine to the student [LauncherInstallationPath]\Data\ directory. Please upgrade your framework and retry.

If the user receives this dialog box. the location of the file will be stored in the LauncherSettings. After finding the file.22 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 7. In this case. and then click Open.config file. This step will only need to happen once. it would be wise to check that all files were copied from the installation machine to the student machines. . it means that one or more of the virtual machines installed on their machine cannot be found. b. Navigate to the VHD file installation location on the local machine. The user receives the below dialog box a.

The user requires Modification and Write permissions to several files. including VHD files.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 23 8. Issues with launching a Virtual Machine 1. At this point. for the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher to function properly. the virtual machine is starting in the background. The user receives the following error message: a. If a dialog appears with the VMRC. and then click Yes. To launch a virtual machine. The user receives the error message “This application requires write access to the file [File Name]” a. The VMRC application will allow the user to interact with the virtual machine in this window. If this error is encountered. b. It may take a moment for the Machine to start. The user requires Modification and Write permissions to several files. This application requires read and write access to the following path: [File Path]. . 2. b. If this error is encountered. c. a new window will appear. including VHD files. select the Don’t ask me again check box. click Launch for the machine you wish to start. When the virtual machine has started. and all included files and directories. for the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher to function properly. Nothing happens when launching the Virtual Machine Remote Control (VMRC) a. Ensure this file is not write-protected. give Full Control permissions to the EVERYONE group. give the EVERYONE group Full Control permissions to C:\Program Files\Microsoft Learning\package name. b.

In addition. and then click Resume. or unpause them through the following steps: i. click All Programs. If this happens. When opening a new virtual machine through Virtual Server. The user receives the error message “Not enough memory to start the virtual machine” • Close other processes (including. if necessary. or the Close button. other virtual machines.) and then restart the Virtual Machine by clicking the Launch button. These buttons are only available if all virtual machines controlled by the Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher have been closed.24 6423A: Implementing and Managing Windows Server® 2008 Clustering 3. if the machine has enough memory to start the virtual machine but is extremely low on memory. click Microsoft Virtual Server. . other open machines enter the paused state a. Virtual Server may pause other open virtual machines. Click Start. On launching a virtual machine. 4. The user attempts to close the launcher The user can close the launcher by either clicking the ‘X’ button. All changes made to the virtual machine will be lost. Clicking the Reset All button resets all of the virtual machines to their original states. the user may either close these virtual machines. when the Reset All button is clicked. all virtual machines will revert back to their preconfigured launch date. In the Master Status window. and then click Virtual Server Administration Website. Resetting a machine Clicking the Reset button resets the virtual machine to its original state. click on the drop-down list of the machine you wish to resume. b. ii. Enter administrator credentials for the local instance of Virtual Server. iii.

they are presented with a new window detailing the following options. returning the virtual machine to its original state. without shutting down.Microsoft® Virtual Server Classroom Setup Guide 25 The user closes a VMRC window 1. All changes to the virtual machine and all undo disks are discarded. Note: The Microsoft Learning Lab Launcher uses Undo drives to save changes. the Lab Launcher may not be able to restore previously saved changes. as well as selecting the Turn off machine and discard changes option. so if these drives are deleted or moved. of which they must select one: a. they may click OK to close the virtual machine and apply their choices. the virtual machine is closed and all undo-disks are saved for use on the next start-up of the virtual machine. will delete the undo drives. . 2. b. After the user has made their selection. When the user closes a VMRC window. Turn off machine and discard changes: The virtual machine is turned off. c. Clicking the Reset button. Shut down virtual machine and save changes: The machine is sent a shutdown command. or click Cancel to return to the VMRC and the virtual machine. Turn off and save changes: The machine is turned off. and all undo-disks are saved for use on the next start-up of the virtual machine. After the machine has shut down in the background.