Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

In light of the Qur'an and Sunnah

Written by

Abu Baraa’

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? In light of the Qur'an and Sunnah

First Edition 1433AH/2012 CE

This book was compiled, edited and checked by Abu Baraa’. Any quotation, reproduction or photocopying is allowed permitted and encouraged as copyright law is prohibited in Islam. Any reproduction or use must be on the condition that it is not distorted, manipulated in any way or used to belittle or attack Islam. This product was made in England and can be sold anywhere in the world.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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“O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam. And hold fast, all together, to the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves; And remember with gratitude Allah’s favour on you; For you were enemies and He joined your hearts in love, so that by His Grace, you became brothers; And you were on the brink of the pit of fire, and He saved you from it. Thus does Allah make His signs clear to you: that you may be guided.”1

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al-Qur’an, Surah aal ‘Imraan, 3: 102 - 103

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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Contents
CONTENTS .......................................................................................... 5 ABOUT THE AUTHOR ........................................................................... 9 PREFACE ............................................................................................11 CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ...............................................................13 CHAPTER 2: WHAT ARE DEMONSTRATIONS? ......................................16 1234MUDHAARAAT - DEMONSTRATIONS ................................................. 19 EXAMPLES AMONG THE SALAF ......................................................... 22 AMONG THE SCHOLARS ................................................................. 23 IMITATION OF KUFFAR AND BENEFITS OF DEMONSTRATIONS ................. 27

CHAPTER 3: WHAT IS MASLAHAH? .....................................................30 12345678WHAT IS THE MOTIVE FOR STUDYING ABOUT MASAALIH? ..................... 31 AL MASAALIH AL-MU'TABARAH – THE RECOGNISED INTEREST ............... 33 AL MASAALIH AL MULGHAT - THE NULLIFIED / CANCELLED INTEREST ...... 38 AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH - THE UNMENTIONED BENEFIT................ 42 EVIDENCES USED TO SUPPORT AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH ................. 45 CONDITIONS OF AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH BY IMAAM MAALIK ......... 48 OPINIONS ABOUT AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH ................................. 49 CRITICISMS OF AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH ..................................... 51

CHAPTER 4: BENEFIT OF THE DA’WAH ................................................56 123THE USUL OF THE BENEFIT OF THE DA’WAH ....................................... 60 THE TRUE MASLAHAH (BENEFIT) OF THE DA’WAH .............................. 65 HOLDING FIRM TO THE SHARI’AH IS THE ESSENCE OF THE MASLAHAH ..... 66

CHAPTER 5: BENEFITS OF DEMONSTRATIONS .....................................74 123JIHAD OF THE TONGUE ................................................................... 76 COMMANDING GOOD ................................................................... 94 FORBIDDING EVIL........................................................................ 100

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?
45678910SPEAKING A WORD OF TRUTH IN FRONT OF A TYRANT RULER ................107 SUPPORTING MUSLIMS ................................................................110 DECLARING WALAA (LOVE AND ALLIANCE) FOR BELIEVERS...................114 DECLARING BARAA’ FROM THE KUFFAR ...........................................117 PREVAILING THE DEEN .................................................................122 ESTABLISHING THE HUJJAH ............................................................131 COOPERATING IN THE GOOD DEED..................................................134

CHAPTER 6: HARM OF DEMONSTRATIONS ....................................... 136 123456789101112BID'AH .....................................................................................137 MUSIC......................................................................................138 UNCOVERING AWRAH .................................................................140 FREEMIXING ..............................................................................143 IMITATION OF KUFFAR .................................................................145 GATHERING UNDER A BANNER OF JAHILIYYAH ...................................147 NATIONALISM ............................................................................148 USING HARAM WORDS AND SWEAR WORDS.....................................151 PROMOTING DISOBEDIENCE TO ALLAH............................................153 TALBEES....................................................................................155 CONSENTING TO TAWAGHEET .......................................................157 CALLING FOR SHIRK OR KUFR ........................................................164

CHAPTER 7: EFFECTS OF DEMONSTRATIONS..................................... 166 123456789101112DU’AAT AND SCHOLARS MEET THE PEOPLE .......................................166 DISBELIEVERS CANNOT COMMIT CRIMES WITHOUT INVESTIGATION .......168 RAISING PROFILE OF ISLAM ...........................................................170 FORCING PEOPLE TO DEBATE ABOUT ISLAM ......................................171 KUFFAR SEE THE UMMAH UNITED ..................................................173 UMMAH FEELS MORE STRONGER AND MORE UNITED .........................175 THE OPPRESSED FEELS SUPPORTED AND NOT FORGOTTEN ...................177 BOOSTING THE MORALE OF MUSLIMS IN TIMES OF WEAKNESS .............178 MOTIVATES THE BELIEVERS ...........................................................179 CREATES ALTERNATIVE MEDIA .......................................................180 REMINDS BELIEVERS ....................................................................182 PUTS PRESSURE ON THE GOVERNMENTS ..........................................182

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PUTS PRESSURE ON THE HYPOCRITES .............................................. 183

CHAPTER 8: CRITICISMS OF DEMONSTRATIONS ................................ 186 12345678910DEMONSTRATIONS ARE BID’AH ..................................................... 186 DEMONSTRATIONS ARE NOT THE SOLUTION ..................................... 189 DEMONSTRATIONS DO NOT ACHIEVE ANYTHING ................................ 190 DEMONSTRATIONS ARE IMITATION OF THE KUFFAR ........................... 191 DEMONSTRATIONS CREATE A BACKLASH ON THE COMMUNITY ............. 193 DEMONSTRATIONS TURN PEOPLE AWAY FROM ISLAM ........................ 196 DEMONSTRATIONS ARE SWEARING AT THE GODS OF THE KUFFAR ......... 198 DEMONSTRATIONS ARE HUMILIATING YOURSELVES............................ 201 DEMONSTRATIONS ARE BAGHI AGAINST OUR RULERS......................... 203 DEMONSTRATIONS DO NOT HAVE ANY BENEFIT ................................. 206

CHAPTER 9: CONCLUSION................................................................. 209 GLOSSARY ........................................................................................ 211

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About the author
Mizanur Rahman (Abu Baraa’) was born in the UK into a Muslim family in 1983 and started to study Islam while at college. He subsequently spent a number of dedicated years accompanying Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad, attending his lectures, travelling with him, translating articles and messages and taking notes during his lectures on Paltalk and around the UK until Sheikh Omar Bakri left the UK in 2005. In 2006, Mizanur Rahman attended a demonstration against the Danish cartoons that insulted the Messenger Muhammad (saw) causing outrage across the world. During this protest he made a short du’aa2 (supplication) to Allah calling for His (swt) support against the aggressive western war against Islam and asking for the defeat of occupying forces in Iraq, Afghanistan, Palestine and elsewhere in the Muslim world. Subsequently, Mizanur Rahman was arrested, convicted of ‘Soliciting person or persons unknown to murder person or persons unknown from the serving British and American armed forces in Iraq and Afghanistan’ and similar things and was imprisoned with a 6 year prison sentence (later reduced to 4).
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Du’a is supplication, calling and asking Allah (swt), it is a ritual act that cannot be performed to anyone else nor via anyone or anything else (even Muhammad) i.e. nor by intercession but rather must be directly to Allah (swt) exclusively.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Mizanur Rahman completed his sentence in 2010 and is now actively engaged in the Da’wah, lecturing, writing, teaching and continuing his studies about Islam.

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Preface
In the name of Allah, al-Rahman, al-Raheem. All praise is for Allah, the Lord of the worlds, and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon his family, his descendants and his companions and those who follow him. I testify that there is none worthy of worship besides Allah alone and He has no partner and no need for any helper, partner or offspring, and I testify that Muhammad is the last and final Messenger of Allah. This book has been written in response to growing criticisms and confusion arising about the topic of demonstrations as a means of Da'wah or forbidding evil and political action. It is not intended as a refutation of any one person or fatwa, but is an objective look at the concept and use of demonstrations in Islam, especially in the context of the situation around the world nowadays. Research for this book was based mainly in notes taken by myself and Abu Rumaysah during lectures and classes delivered by Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad and Abu Luqman and from understanding and experience gained from accompanying Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad and asking questions and clarification in private and public lessons as well as personally witnessing many demonstrations for more than ten years.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? For this reason, credit for the research in this book, with the grace of Allah, belongs to Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad. If there are mistakes in this book, particularly in explanations that I have added from my own notes, it is likely to be my own fault and so blame should not immediately go to Sheikh Omar himself. Although a lot of time and effort has been spent, checking and rechecking this book to ensure that there are no serious mistakes in my writing - as with any big project - some mistakes are inevitable. This is the nature of human beings, that we are weak, limited and prone to forgetfulness and mistake unlike our Lord who is perfect and free from error. The prophet (saw) said, “Every son of Adam is open to mistake and the best of those who make mistakes are those who repent.”3 In these circumstances, I am fully aware that I may have made mistakes in this book and pray that Allah forgives and protects me from them. I also encourage people to write to me with help, suggestions and corrections, should you find even a small mistake in this book, even if it was a typo or small spelling mistake4 and I pray that Allah rewards you for your time and effort in this endeavour.

Sunan al-Tirmizi, Vol 4, p.659 Please give complete details of the chapter, page and line numbers so that I can find and make changes easily. Also, please do not be offended if I am unable to make changes swiftly or if I omit suggested changes that I do not agree with.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
Surely all praise and thanks are to Allah, we praise and thank Him and seek His help and ask His forgiveness, and we seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the evil of our actions, He whom Allah guides none can lead astray, and he whom Allah misleads, none can guide. We testify that there is none worthy to be worshipped in truth except for Allah, He is alone and He has no partner and we testify that Muhammad (saw) is His slave and messenger. At the time of writing this book, the world has recently witnessed a massive overhaul in tyrant rulers that had oppressed the people with man-made laws for decades instilling fear in the masses. What has become known as the "Arab Spring" saw huge protests and demonstrations sweep across the Middle East and North Africa, leading to the overthrow of several dictators in Muslim countries such as Zaid ul Abidin Bin Ali in Tunisia, Hosni Mubarak in Egypt and Mu'ammar Ghaddafi in Libya. Uprising also have begun in many other countries nearby in Yemen and Syria, which have been met by severe violence and retaliation by the ruling regimes. Syria has seen incredible bloodshed, bombarding, killing, kidnap, torture, rape and terrorizing of citizens.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? So the question rises, are these protests permissible in Islam? Is the harm inflicted on protestors and their families something tolerable? Should protestors stop their protests to prevent further bloodshed? Is it permissible to rise against those in authority in Islam5? Do these protests have any benefit? In fact the debate about protests and their permissibility is an old one and does not only concern protests in Muslim countries. Muslims around the world have long used protests and demonstrations as a means of condemnation, motivation and political action, especially those living among non-muslims in The West. Large scale demonstrations around the world were attended by Muslims in condemnation of Salman Rushdie's blasphemous book; against Danish cartoons ridiculing the prophet Muhammad (saw); against the Iraq and Afghanistan wars; against chemical weapon use in Fallujah, Iraq; against mistreatment of Muslims in Guantanamo Bay; likewise in Abu Ghuraib Prison; targeted assassination of Mujahideen such as Sheikh Anwar al Awlaki and Sheikh Usama bin Laden and many similar atrocities and crimes.

5 Al Islam, is to submit fully and exclusively to Allah(swt) and to practise with full obedience and to have complete disavowal and disassociation from Al Shirk (ascribing partners to Allah) and its people. It is the religion of over 1.5 billion Muslims all over the world and is the ruling system that lead and ruled much of the world for 1302 years from the time of the messenger of Allah, Muhammad (saw) until 3rd of March 1924 when it collapsed under the treacherous hands of Mustafa Kemal Attaturk and his British employers.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? So what is the ruling of these demonstrations around the world and what benefit, if any, is achieved by these demonstrations? Does the end justify the means? Are demonstrations an innovation (Bid'ah6) condemned by Islam? Is it permissible to attend these protests and is there any reward associated with that?

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The Bid’ah is any innovation in the Deen, it is a form of competing with Allah (swt) by introducing a new matter into the Deen not found in the divine texts intending to become closer to Allah (swt); every Bid’ah is misguidance and every misguidance is in the hellfire. Al Bid’ah can be of two, Al Bid’ah Al Akbar that takes one out of the fold of Islam or Al Bid’ah Al Asghar which decreases the Imaan without to negate it.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Chapter 2: What are Demonstrations?
Allah designated for this Ummah people who will protect His Deen7, who will facilitate their affairs and make them on a level of sincerity and understanding. Among them Allah raised Ulemaa, people of understanding; people trustworthy working day and night around the world; people who, whenever they see Fitnah8 - they fight it; whenever they see Taghoot and Kuffar9 - they will call for Jihad10 against it.

The Deen is the way of life “(It is) what you believe in (i.e. Al Tawheed), live by (i.e. Al Shari’ah) and die for (i.e. Da’wah and Jihad).” And Allah (swt) says, “This day I have perfected your Deen and completed my favour upon you and chosen for you Al Islam as your Deen,” [Al-Qur’an, Surah Al Ma’idah, 5: 3] and He (swt) says, “And whosoever seeks a deen other than Islam, it will never be accepted and in the hereafter they will be losers.”[Al-Qur’an, Surah ale-Imraan, 3: 85] 8 Fitnah means Kufr, Shirk or it can be a test from Allah or as in this case can be fighting or disputing between Muslims. 9 sing. Kafir (pl. Kuffar), disbeliever in Islam and/or in the Messengership of Muhammad (saw) i.e. the non-muslim. (note: Kufr is disbelief) 10 Jihad has many types, including fighting ones desires, struggling against the Munkar, fighting the Shaytan, but when mentioned generally and in this case, it is the highest form of Jihad, “striving and exhausting the utmost effort fighting against the Kuffar in order to make the word of Allah the highest.” Nowadays it is Fardh (obligatory) upon every Muslim to fight with the tongue, wealth and body according to their individual capability because today, much of the Muslim lands are occupied by the Kuffar.
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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Allah established this Deen by the Sahabah11 and by the Tabi'een and the Tabi Tabi'een, he designated this Ummah with Ulemaa like Sufyan Al Thawree, Sufyan bin Uyayna, Imam al-Bukhari, Imam Muslim, Imam Al Uzaa'ee, Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Maalik, Imam Shafi'i, Imam Ahmed and many other scholars later like ibn Qayyim, ibn Taymiyyah and even later like Imam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab and others. Seeking the knowledge is Fardh, but seeking the knowledge is two types; one is Fardh 'ayn and one is Fardh kifayah. The Knowledge (Ilm12) that is Fardh to seek is Al Ilm Al Dharouri (The knowledge of necessity), the knowledge that a person cannot fulfil his obligation without understanding or studying it first. The other knowledge is Fardh Kifayah to understand or study it and it will not take priority over other duties that are Fardh upon every individual. Similarly, the Jihad today is an individual Fardh, it takes priority over seeking the kifayah Ilm. If the jihad today
11 (pl.) Al Sahabah (sing. Sahabi): Companions of the messenger (saw), they are those who saw the prophet Muhammad (saw) and died believing upon him; they are in levels, some are greater and more virtuous than others and we will love and follow them according to that hierarchy. The family of the prophet (saw) has further virtue over other companions and the best of them is Abu Bakr Al Siddiq and then Umar ibn Khattab, then Uthman, Then Ali ibn Abi Talib then the rest of the ten companions promised paradise, then the rest of the Muhajireen, then the Ansar, then the families of the Muhajireen and the Ansar, then the other companions after them … etc 12 Al Ilm is knowledge and is the opposite to Al Jahl – ignorance, which is for someone to be empty from knowledge. The ‘Ilm that we must seek, is knowledge about Islam, about Qur’an, Hadith, Sunnah etc. It is not so essential however to seek knowledge about other worldly matters taught in schools such as biology, physics etc.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? was offensive, it would also be kifayah and then seeking Ilm may have taken priority. With this in mind, we need to realise that the Muslims urgently need to understand the foundations of the Deen. People usually ask about a particular matter (mas'alah), but in any topic of worship (Ibaadah), you have to study the Arkaan (pillars) of it, the Waajibaat13 (obligations) of it, the foundations (Usul), prohibitions (Muharramaat14), the recommendations (Mandoobaat15) and so on. Similarly if we want to study about Al Mudhaaharaat (demonstrations) we have to know about its objective, its means and its reality it is not just a matter of saying a thing is allowed or not allowed without to understand the reality properly.

Al Fardh or Al Waajib (they are synonymous for most scholars and schools of thought) means obligatory, it is the ruling on an action that is compulsory to perform such that the person will be sinful if he/she does not fulfill it and rewarded if he/she does; it is defined in the Shari’ah as, “The decisive request by the legislator to the responsible person to do.” (e.g. Tawheed, Salah, Zakat etc) 14 Al Haram meaning prohibited is the ruling for the actions that are forbidden and will cause the acquirement of sin and dispraise for the one who commits it and reward for the one who leaves it for the sake of Allah, it is defined as, “The decisive request from the legislator to the responsible person not to do.” (e.g. to drink alcohol, to gamble or to fornicate are all Haram.) 15 Al Mandoub means recommended and is the ruling for the duty that is rewardable when performed though the person is not sinful or dispraised if he/she does not perform it, it is defined as “The non-decisive request by the legislator to the responsible person to do.” (e.g. two Rak’ah optional [Nafilah] Salah after Salatul Maghrib, Miswak etc)
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1- MUDHAARAAT DEMONSTRATIONS
If we study this topic, we find that the Shari’ah16 terms are very important. Nobody will dispute or disagree that to help Muslims is Fardh and to cooperate with Muslims is Fardh and that it is Fardh to support our Muslim Ummah, but they raise concerns about the means used to achieve this and the potential beneficial or harmful consequences of participating in demonstrations. Al Mudhaaharah in the Arabic language is “support”, it is narrated in Sunan Daarimi that Ali ibn Taalib said, "I fought on the day of Badr and supported (using the verb Mudhaaharah) the Muslims"17 Allah asked us to have Walaa to the believers, and part of that is to support them and forbade us from supporting disbelievers. Allah (swt) says,

“if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them..."18 and Allah (swt) says,
Al Shari’ah is the law and order, and there is no Shari’ah worthy to be accepted or obeyed accept for the law and order of Allah – the Islamic Shari’ah is composed of all the divine commands and prohibitions from Allah (swt) derived from the Qur’an and Sunnah as understood by the prophet (saw) and his companions. 17 Sunan Al Darimi 18 Al Qur'an 8:72
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ِ ‫وإِن اﺳﺘَﻨﺼﺮﻛﻢ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻓَـﻌﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺼﺮ‬ ُ ْ ُ ُ َ ِ ‫َ ْ َ ُوُ ْ ﺪ‬

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"Do not support (Dhaheera) the disbelievers"19 When we mention demonstrations, we are speaking about support and this is one of the best forms of support for the one who is far away from us and we cannot reach them. Demonstrations are a means to support our Deen the way the Kuffar also demonstrate and support their Kufr. Allah (swt) says,

ِ ‫ﻓَﻼ ﺗَﻜﻮﻧَﻦ ﻇَﻬﲑا ﻟﱢْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ‬ َِ َ ً ‫َ ُ ﱠ‬

ِ ِ ِ ‫إِﳕَﺎ ﻳَـْﻨـﻬﺎﻛﻢ اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ﻋﻦ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻗَﺎﺗَـﻠُ ﻛﻢ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ وأَﺧﺮﺟ ﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ دﻳَﺎﻛﻢ‬ ْ ُ‫ﱠ َ ُ ُ َ ِ َ ﻮُ ْ ﺪ ِ َ ْ َ ُ ﻮُ ﱢ ر‬ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫وﻇَﺎﻫﺮوا ﻋﻠَﻰ إِﺧﺮاﺟﻜﻢ أَن ﺗَـﻮﻟﱠﻮﻫﻢ وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﺘَـﻮﳍُﻢ ﻓَﺄُوﻟَﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻟِﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ُ ُ َ ْ ْ َ ََ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ َْ َ َُ َ
"Allah forbids you from allying with those who fight you because of your Deen and throw you out of your homes and those who support them (Dhaaharoo) in throwing you out.”20

We need to understand the term Mudhaaharah (demonstrations), Imam Al Khattabi defined the term demonstration and he understood from it that the support in demonstrations must be in relation to the jihad and battlefield, because Allah (swt) says,

“if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them..."21

ِ ‫وإِن اﺳﺘَﻨﺼﺮﻛﻢ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻓَـﻌﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺼﺮ‬ ُ ْ ُ ُ َ ِ ‫َ ْ َ ُوُ ْ ﺪ‬

Al Qur'an 28:86 Al Qur'an 60:9 21 Al Qur'an 8:72
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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Meaning if they ask you to fight, you must fight and the demonstration is boosting the morale of the Muslims in a time of weakness, it is a form of creating a high profile for Islam; it is a form of support. It is a noble thing not something evil. The demonstration motivates the Muslims and it makes them aware about their Muslim brothers. The demonstration is a form of rejecting the evil, a form of commanding good and forbidding evil. That is exactly what the prophet (saw) did. So the demonstration is not something Bid’ah and it does have evidences and anybody who speaks about demonstrations must understand the reality of the demonstration.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

2- EXAMPLES AMONG THE SALAF
We find further evidence in the incident when the Ayaat of disciplining the women were revealed, some men started to beat their wives and the women came out in a huge demonstration and complained that some men take advantage and beat their wives without fulfilling the conditions of the Ayaat. Moreover, Nuh (as) used to call the people day and night publicly in the open as well as going door to door privately; Muslims went to Abyssinia and took a stand together publicly in front of the King and the prophet consented to that. Also, there was a huge gathering and demonstration in the Bay'ah to the prophet (saw) under the tree, where all the Sahabah stood in support of the Muslims in opposition to aggression of the Quraish and in protest against their preventing the Muslims from making Hajj. Similarly Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan came out publicly with a large gathering of Muslims in protest against the killing of his cousin Uthman ibn Affan (ra) among his gathering was the mother of the believers Aisha (ra) was present.

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3- AMONG THE SCHOLARS
Some people may complain 'what is the benefit?' However they should realise that the demonstration is not dispraised or prohibited and so if someone does not like it, they should remain silent and should not attack the people who do it. Often it is the case that some people only want to cover up their own cowardice and the fact that they never command good or forbid evil themselves but are still afraid that they will be arrested or called a terrorist, so they complain and condemn anybody else from the Muslims who show more courage and bravery than him. In fact we have not come across any Alim22 (scholar) claiming that demonstrations are Haram. Rather the Fatawaa permitting demonstrations are everywhere. Among them, Sheikh Abu Muhammad Al Maqdisi said that it is allowed and praised those who do them. Sheikh Salman Al Awdah said, "We find nothing wrong with it; it is a form of condemning the evil ... and showing support for Muslims."

22 pl. Ulema’ (sing. ‘Alim): meaning the scholars who have knowledge about the sciences of the Qur’an, Hadith and the divine general evidences and can make Ijtihad (i.e. can exhaust utmost effort studying to extract the divine ruling.)

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? As long as it is free from anything Haram (e.g. whistling, singing etc), the original rules for these kinds of things is that it is permissible. Sheikh Ali Al Khudr also said, "Demonstrations are to come out collectively in an organised way for a particular objective; the original rules are that it is permissible. The Muslims are to other Muslims like a block, they support each other, it is a form of jihad, to call for jihad, to command good and forbid evil. That gathering is a demonstration and it is the Sunnah of the Anbiyaa.” And he also called it the means leading to the Waajib, Sheikh Ali said clearly that demonstrations are allowed and Sheikh Salman Al Awdah (may Allah guide him) also. If we go to all the Ulemaa, even those who we disagree with, they say that it is permitted. It is only some government scholars of Al Sa'ud, whom it suits to shout 'Haram!' if there is a demonstration against Al Sa'ud and yet they say that it is Halal or even Fardh if it was in favour of Al Sa’ud. However, those who say it is permissible are all found in the prisons of Tyrant Tawagheet23. Sheikh Sulayman Al
23 sing. Al Taghout (pl. Tawagheet); it is recorded in Tafseer Qurtubi and narrated by Qatada that Abdullah ibn Abbas said that “Al Taghout is anything that is worshipped instead of Allah, whether Ma’boud (worshipped by directing to it ritual acts instead of Allah), Mattbou’ (by being followed instead of Allah) or Mutaa’ (by being obeyed instead of Allah).” Anybody who allows himself to be

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Alwaan is one of those imprisoned Shuyookh, who said publicly, “It is permissible by the evidence that our Imam, Ahmed ibn Hanbal was put in prison, and the Ulemaa and Talabat ul Ilm came outside and that was the biggest demonstration, it was the uprising of the Hanabilah to release him.” Some people like to speak about it from the angle of bringing benefit to the Muslim community; we can say, Allah (swt) says,

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“if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them..."24 And the prophet (saw) said, "Support your Muslim brother (verbally, financially, physically) whether oppressor or oppressed" So supporting your Muslim brothers collectively, openly and publicly is allowed, is a duty and is beneficial and that is why ibn Taymiyyah in his time, saw the people demonstrate for his release from captivity and he wrote

ِ ‫وإِن اﺳﺘَﻨﺼﺮﻛﻢ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻓَـﻌﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺼﺮ‬ ُ ْ ُ ُ َ ِ ‫َ ْ َ ُوُ ْ ﺪ‬

worshipped is one of the heads of Taghout and that includes the one who rules or the one who judges by other than what Allah revealed and the people obey them instead of Allah. It is obligatory and the first pillar of Al Tawheed is to reject and distance ourselves from him and all other Tawagheet. See Kitabul Imaan or Mukhtasar Al Tawheed by Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad for more details. 24 Al Qur'an 8:72

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? that it reminded him of the demonstration of the Hanabilah for Imam Ahmed. Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab with his students demonstrated publicly and gathered together ending with fighting, it is a form of jihad, a form carrying Da’wah25, a form of commanding good and forbidding evil; it is not Bid’ah. It was done by the prophet (saw) and done by the companions.

25 Al Da’wah: call or invitation; we are speaking here in particular about the obligatory duty of inviting people to Islam.

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4- IMITATION OF KUFFAR AND BENEFITS OF DEMONSTRATIONS
It is not the case that “whatever the Kuffar do it becomes Haram in our Deen”; rather it is only what is part of their Deen that is Haram for us to do. Of course, the demonstrations involving women uncovered or dazzled is not allowed. Similarly those involving music or for a Haram reason, calling for UN resolutions are all prohibited. Demonstrating for the pope and his funeral is not allowed; demonstrations involving swearing or other Haram words are not allowed etc. But the demonstrations commanding good and forbidding the evil, highlighting the situation of the Muslim Ummah in front of the Kuffar supporting the Muslims is definitely allowed and there is a lot of benefit for the Muslims as well beside all these evidences. It creates awareness about the current situation because there is no other media, it is an alternative media; it reminds them about what they should do, it motivates those people who do nothing, it boosts the morale, it has a strategic outcome, it puts pressure in order for Muslims to interact. This type of support in the form of demonstrations will put pressure on the government; it is an opportunity as well for the Ulemaa to meet the masses and the masses to meet the Ulemaa, it is a form of demonstrating the Ilm

28

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? and that is why there is no single qualified Alim that ever forbade it. The benefit in demonstrations are a lot; seeing the Ulemaa on the streets is different than seeing them on satellite, and it will create anarchy for the tyrant regimes at the right time. It will train the Muslims to create anarchy for the Kuffar and Tawagheet; it is a way to let the enemy know that the Muslims are not sleeping. It shows the enemy that they are not fighting only a small group of Mujahideen rather they are fighting an entire Ummah; it will send signals to those oppressed that there is an Ummah that will not leave them, an Ummah that supports them. All the Ulemaa and Mujahideen spoke about it. Verily it is a good deed and will not go unrewarded, Allah (swt) says,

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ُ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ْ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻷَﻫﻞ اﻟْﻤﺪﻳﻨَﺔ وﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﳍُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻷَﻋﺮاب أَن ﻳَـﺘَﺨﻠﱠﻔﻮاْ ﻋﻦ رﺳﻮل‬ َ ُ َ َ ‫َ َ َ ْ ِ َ ََ ْ َ ْ َ ﱢ‬ ِِ ِ ِ ِِ َ‫اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻻَ ﻳَـ ْﺮﻏﺒُﻮاْ ﺑِﺄَﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻧـﱠﻔﺴﻪ ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻻَ ﻳُﺼﻴﺒُـﻬﻢ ﻇَﻤﺄٌ وﻻ‬ ُْ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ ُْ ِ ِ َ َ‫ﻧَﺼﺐ وﻻَ َْﻤﺼ ٌ ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻻَ ﻳَﻄَﺆون ﻣﻮﻃﺌًﺎ ﻳَﻐِﻴﻆ اﻟْﻜ ﱠﺎر وﻻ‬ ْ َ ُ َ ِ َ ‫َ ٌ َ ﳐ َ َﺔ‬ َ َ ‫ُ ُﻔ‬ ِ ِ ‫ُ َ َ ِ ََ ٌ َ ٌ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳَـﻨَﺎﻟُﻮن ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪو ﻧـﱠﻴﻼً إِﻻﱠ ﻛﺘِﺐ ﳍُﻢ ﺑِﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺻﺎﻟِﺢ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻻَ ﻳُﻀﻴﻊ‬ ْ ‫َ ْ َ ُﱟ‬ ُ ِ ‫أَﺟﺮ اﻟْﻤﺤﺴﻨِﲔ‬ َ ْ ُ َْ

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Whenever they suffer from thirst or weariness or hunger in God's cause, and whenever they take any step which confounds those who deny the truth, and whenever there comes to them from the enemy whatever may be destined for them a good deed is recorded in their favour. Verily, God does not fail to requite the doers of good!”26

29

26

Al Qur'an 9:120

30

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Chapter 3: What is Maslahah?
Linguistically in the Arabic language the word Maslahah or Masaalih in plural comes from the root verb Salaha and means: • • • • • • • • Aslaha – to reconcile/fix Salih – wealthy/rich – or good land Salih al khater – a lot Salih al ni’mah – a favour Manfa'ah – benefit Sulh - truce Silm - peace Maslahah al dhara’ib - tax department

So when we refer to Maslahah we are talking about something good, beneficial, useful, a blessing, something that brings order and advantage.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

31

1- WHAT IS THE MOTIVE FOR STUDYING ABOUT MASAALIH?
There are three reasons why the Ulemaa talked about interest: 1) To understand what the intention is behind the Shari'ah The aim is to worship Allah, but what about the intention of that worship, is there anything that our submission to Allah is trying to achieve? 2) To understand what the benefit is to the servant in this life from the Shari'ah Allah (swt) did not reveal books and laws for us to live in difficulty, rather the instructions, commands and laws of Allah (swt) result in a better life for mankind with justice and tranquillity. 3) To understand what the benefit and the harm is As the Islamic state expanded (al mamlaka dhaahira the ever expanding kingdom) it encountered Greek philosophy, Indian culture and Roman ideas and people began to question the principles behind the Shari'ah and the Ulemaa began to question what the purpose of the Shari'ah was as a result.

32

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? So it is essential to discuss this matter deeply and draw upon the understanding of the prophet and his companions on the matter.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

33

2- AL MASAALIH AL-MU'TABARAH – THE RECOGNISED INTEREST
This is defined as “The interest which the Legislator approved i.e. for which the Legislator legislated the divine rules27.” In other words the legitimate benefit and interest which has been approved by Allah. Imam Shatibi (maaliki scholar) classified this type of benefit into 5 types that the entire Shari'ah has been revealed to establish: a) Hifz al Deen – protection of the Deen This is the most important of all benefit and interest. That the Deen of Allah is preserved at all cost and the commands of Allah are obeyed and never disobeyed. Allah (swt) has legislated jihad in order to protect the Deen and expand the borders of the Islamic state. Allah (swt) says

‫ُ َ ِ ﺔ َ ُ َ ﺪ ُ ُ ِ ِ َْ ﱠ‬ ‫َ ِ ُ ْ َﱠ‬ َ‫وﻗَﺎﺗﻠُﻮﻫﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻻَ ﺗَﻜﻮن ﻓْﺘـﻨَ ٌ وﻳَﻜﻮن اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻛﻠﱡﻪُ ﻟﻠّﻪ ﻓَِﺈن اﻧﺘَـﻬﻮاْ ﻓَِﺈن اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ ‫ِ ْ َ َ ِﲑ‬ ٌ ‫ﲟَﺎ ﻳَـﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ﺑَﺼ‬

27

Hukm Shari’i is the divine ruling and is defined as, “The address of the legislator to the responsible person in terms of request, choice or by circumstance.” i.e. either Fardh, Mandoub, Mubah, Makrouh or Haram.

34

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allah) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allah Alone [in the whole of the world]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allah), then certainly, Allah is All-Seer of what they do."28 Furthermore, capital punishment has been legislated for the one who apostates from Islam. The prophet Muhammad (saw) said, “Whoever changes his Deen - kill him.” b) Hifz al Nafs – protection of life Allah has legislated rules to achieve the protection of life. That is why any harm, injury or killing has Diyyah (blood money) as compensation due. In fact there are over 30 different types of injuries requiring blood money specified in the Shari'ah. Additionally, Allah (swt) revealed Qisaas (life for a life) retaliation for murder,

‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻛﺘِﺐ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟْﻘﺼﺎص ِﰲ اﻟْﻘْﺘـﻠَﻰ اﳊُﺮ ﺑِﺎﳊُﺮ واﻟْﻌْﺒﺪ‬ َ ُ َ ِ ُُ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ ُ َ َ ‫ْﱡ ْﱢ‬ ِ ِ ِِ ِ ِ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟْﻌْﺒﺪ واﻷُﻧﺜَﻰ ﺑِﺎﻷُﻧﺜَﻰ ﻓَﻤﻦ ﻋُﻔﻲ ﻟَﻪُ ﻣﻦ أَﺧﻴﻪ ﺷﻲءٌ ﻓَﺎﺗﱢﺒَ ٌ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف‬ ْ َ َ ُ ْ َ ‫َ ْ ـ ﺎع‬ َ َْ ‫وأَداء إِﻟَْﻴﻪ ﺑِِﺈﺣﺴﺎن ذﻟِﻚ ﲣْﻔﻴﻒ ﻣﻦ رﺑﱢﻜﻢ ورﲪَ ٌ ﻓَﻤﻦ اﻋﺘَﺪى ﺑَـﻌﺪ‬ َ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ‫َ َ ِ ْ َ ٍ َ َ َ ِ ٌ ﱢ ﱠ ُ ْ ََ ْ ﺔ‬ ‫ذﻟِﻚ ﻓَـﻠَﻪُ ﻋﺬاب أَﻟِﻴﻢ‬ َ َ ٌ ٌ ََ
Al Qur'an 8:39

28

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? O you who believe! Al-Qisaas (the Law of Equality in punishment) is prescribed for you in case of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. But if the killer is forgiven by the brother (or the relatives, etc.) of the killed against blood money, then adhering to it with fairness and payment of the blood money, to the heir should be made in fairness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. So after this whoever transgresses the limits (i.e. kills the killer after taking the blood money), he shall have a painful torment."29 c) Hifz al Aql – protection of the mind The Shari'ah protects the mind by prohibiting the belief in superstitions, imaginary fears, drugs, Alcohol and establishing Hudud (prescribed punishment) for the one who takes intoxicants. It is narrated in an-Nasaa'i on the authority of Anas bin Maalik that Muhammad (saw) had someone lashed 40 times with a slipper because he drank alcohol. d) Hifz al 'Irdh – protection of the honour Allah legislated laws to govern the social life, interactions and systems of all people and protecting the relationships between men and women. These Shari'ah rules target the protection of lineage and honour by managing social and family life through marriage.

35

29

Al Qur'an 2:178

36

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? That is why Islam has laws to lash the one who fornicates and kill the adulterer and homosexual and to punish the one who accuses a person's honour without evidence. Allah (swt) says,

"The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah's Law)."30 And,

ٍ ِ ‫ُ ُﱠ ٍِﱢ‬ ‫اﻟﺰاﻧِﻴَﺔُ واﻟﺰاﱐ ﻓَﺎﺟﻠِﺪوا ﻛﻞ واﺣﺪ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻤﺎ ﻣﺌَﺔَ ﺟ ْﻠﺪة وﻻ ﺗَﺄْﺧﺬﻛﻢ ِِﻤﺎ‬ ْ ِ‫ﱠ َ ﱠ‬ َ ُ ْ ُ ََ َ َ َُ َ ِ ِ َ ِْ ُ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫رأْﻓَ ٌ ِﰲ دﻳﻦ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﺗُـﺆﻣﻨُﻮن ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﱠﻪ واﻟْﻴَـﻮِم اﻵﺧﺮ وﻟْﻴَﺸﻬﺪ ﻋﺬاﺑَـﻬﻤﺎ‬ ْ َ ُ ََ ْ َ ْ َ ِ ْ ْ َ َ ِ ‫ﻃَﺎﺋِﻔ ٌ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ‬ َ ْ ُ َ ‫َﺔ ﱢ‬

ِ ‫واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـ ْﺮﻣﻮن اﻟْﻤﺤﺼﻨَﺎت ُﱠ ﱂْ ﻳَﺄْﺗُﻮا ﺑِﺄَرﺑَـﻌﺔ ﺷﻬﺪاء ﻓَﺎﺟﻠِﺪوﻫﻢ ﲦَﺎﻧِﲔ‬ َ ‫َ َِ ُ َ ُْ َ ِ ﰒ‬ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ْ َ َُ َ ْ ‫ﺟ ْﻠﺪة وﻻ ﺗَـﻘﺒَـﻠُﻮا ﳍُﻢ ﺷﻬﺎدة أَﺑَﺪا وأُوﻟَﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻔﺎﺳﻘﻮن‬ َ ُ ِ َ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ً ً َ َ َ ْ َ ْ ََ ً َ َ
"And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes, and reject their testimony forever, they indeed are the Faasiqun (liars, rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."31 e) Hifz al Maal – protection of the wealth

30 31

Al Qur'an 24:2 Al Qur'an 24:4

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

37

The Shari'ah governs the exchange and trade of wealth between the people to prevent people taking another's wealth without any right or by taking unfair advantage.

ِ ِِ ْ ُ ْ ُ َْ ُ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻻَ ﺗَﺄْﻛﻠُﻮاْ أَﻣﻮاﻟَﻜﻢ ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟْﺒَﺎﻃﻞ إِﻻﱠ أَن ﺗَﻜﻮن‬ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ ‫ﲡَﺎرة ﻋﻦ ﺗَـﺮاض ﻣﻨﻜﻢ وﻻَ ﺗَـﻘﺘُـﻠُﻮاْ أَﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻛﺎن ﺑِﻜﻢ رﺣﻴﻤﺎ‬ ْ َ ْ ُ ‫ِ ًَ َ َ ٍ ﱢ‬ ً َ ُْ َ َ ‫ُ َ ُْ ﱠ‬
" O you who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you."32

That is also why the Islamic law punishes those who hoard wealth, hold monopolies, deal in usury, gamble or steal. For example, Allah legislated the cutting of the hand of the thief,

"Cut off (from the wrist joint) the (right) hand of the thief, male or female, as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allah. And Allah is All-Powerful, All-Wise."33

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﱠ ُِ ﱠ‬ ُ‫واﻟﺴﺎرق واﻟﺴﺎرﻗَﺔُ ﻓَﺎﻗْﻄَﻌُﻮاْ أَﻳْﺪﻳَـﻬﻤﺎ ﺟﺰاء ﲟَﺎ ﻛﺴﺒَﺎ ﻧَﻜﺎﻻً ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟﻠّﻪ‬ َ َ ‫ُ َ ََ َ َ َ ﱢ‬ َ َ ِ ‫ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺣﻜﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َ ٌَِ

32 33

Al Qur'an 4:29 Al Qur'an 5:38

38

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

3- AL MASAALIH AL MULGHAT THE NULLIFIED / CANCELLED INTEREST
This is also known as the imaginary benefit or interest. “The benefit/interest that the Legislator has not recognised.” In other words, when Allah (swt) has revealed rules that prevent you taking something that you may feel is beneficial to you rationally and emotionally, that is not in fact beneficial at all. Rather all benefit and interest is defined and decided by Allah alone according to the Shari'ah. An example of this is that the inheritance between men and women is different and we cannot differ with this divine rule for the sake of our own interest, even if we feel that times have changed and the women need more money because they have taken on new roles in the custom of the people. This type of so-called benefit is not be recognized by the Legislator: Rather anybody who disobeys the laws of Allah (swt) cannot hope to benefit from that, but only brings harm upon themselves even if they think they are doing good.

ِ ‫ْ ُِ ْ ﱠَ ِ ِ َ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻳُﻮﺻﻴﻜﻢ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ِﰲ أَوﻻَدﻛﻢ ﻟِﻠﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﺜْﻞ ﺣﻆ اﻷُﻧﺜَـﻴَـﲔ ﻓَِﺈن ﻛﻦ ﻧِﺴﺎء ﻓَـﻮق‬ َ ْ َ ‫ِْ ُ ﱠ‬ ُُ ُ ‫اﺛْـﻨَﺘَـﲔ ﻓَـﻠَﻬﻦ ﺛـُﻠُﺜَﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗَـﺮك وإِن ﻛﺎﻧَﺖ واﺣﺪةً ﻓَـﻠَﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﱢﺼﻒ وﻷَﺑَـﻮﻳْﻪ ﻟِﻜﻞ‬ ‫ِْ ُ ﱠ َ ََ َ َ ْ َ ِ َ َ ْ ُ َ َ ِ ُ ﱢ‬

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

39

"Allah commands you as regards your children's (inheritance); to the male, a portion equal to that of two females; if (there are) only daughters, two or more, their share is two thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is half. For parents, a sixth share of inheritance to each if the deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers or (sisters), the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies he may have bequeathed or debts. You know not which of them, whether your parents or your children, are nearest to you in benefit, (these fixed shares) are ordained by Allah. And Allah is Ever All-Knower, AllWise."34 And Allah continues and says,

ِ ِ ٌ ‫ﱠ‬ ٌ َ َ َ ََ ُ ُ ‫َ ِ ٍ ﱢ ُ َ ﱡ‬ ُ‫واﺣﺪ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻤﺎ اﻟﺴﺪس ﳑﱠﺎ ﺗَـﺮك إِن ﻛﺎن ﻟَﻪُ وﻟَﺪ ﻓَِﺈن ﱂْ ﻳَﻜﻦ ﻟﱠﻪُ وﻟَﺪ وورﺛَﻪ‬ ََ َ ُ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ُ ‫ة ﱢِ ﱡ‬ ‫أَﺑَـﻮاﻩُ ﻓَﻸُﻣﻪ اﻟﺜﱡـﻠُﺚ ﻓَِﺈن ﻛﺎن ﻟَﻪُ إِﺧﻮٌ ﻓَﻸُﻣﻪ اﻟﺴﺪس ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺪ وﺻﻴﱠﺔ‬ ُ ِ‫َ ﱢ‬ َ ْ ُ َْ َ َ ِ ً‫ﻳُﻮﺻﻲ َِﺎ أَو دﻳْﻦ آﺑَﺂ ُﻛﻢ وأَﺑﻨﺎ ُﻛﻢ ﻻَ ﺗَﺪرون أَﻳـﱡﻬﻢ أَﻗْـﺮب ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻧـَﻔﻌﺎ‬ ْ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ْ ُ‫ْ َ ٍ ؤُ ْ َ ؤ‬ ِ ِ ‫ِ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻓَﺮﻳﻀﺔً ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠّﻪ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻛﺎن ﻋﻠِﻴﻤﺎ ﺣﻜﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً َ َ َ َ ‫ﱠ‬ َ َ

ِ ِ َْ ٍ ِْ ِ ِ ‫ﺗِْﻠﻚ ﺣﺪود اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻣﻦ ﻳُﻄﻊ اﻟﻠّﻪَ ورﺳﻮﻟَﻪُ ﻳُﺪﺧ ْﻠﻪُ ﺟﻨﱠﺎت ﲡﺮي ﻣﻦ ﲢﺘِﻬﺎ‬ َ َْ َ ُ ََ ِ َ َ ُ ُ ُ َ ِ ِ ‫اﻷَﻧْـﻬﺎر ﺧﺎﻟِﺪﻳﻦ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ وذﻟِﻚ اﻟْﻔﻮز اﻟْﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬ ُ َ ُْ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ ِ ِْ ُ ‫ﱠ‬ َ ُ َ َ ُ ََ ِ ْ َ َ ُ‫وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﻌﺺ اﻟﻠّﻪَ ورﺳﻮﻟَﻪُ وﻳَـﺘَـﻌﺪ ﺣﺪودﻩُ ﻳُﺪﺧ ْﻠﻪُ ﻧَﺎرا ﺧﺎﻟﺪا ﻓﻴﻬﺎ وﻟَﻪ‬ َ َ ً َ ً ‫ﻋﺬاب ﻣﻬﲔ‬ ٌ ِ‫ََ ٌ ﱡ‬

34

Al Qur'an 4:11

40

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? " These are the limits (set by) Allah (or ordainments as regards laws of inheritance), and whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) will be admitted to Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise), to abide therein, and that will be the great success. And whosoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and transgresses His limits, He will cast him into the Fire, to abide therein; and he shall have a disgraceful torment."35 Moreover, Allah (swt) nullified the benefit gained from usury despite the claim of many that it is a form of trade and profit,

"Those who eat Ribaa (usury) will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaytaan (Satan) leading him to insanity. That is because they say: "Trading is only like Ribaa (usury)," whereas Allah has permitted trading and forbidden Ribaa (usury). So whosoever receives an admonition from his Lord and stops eating Ribaa (usury) shall not be punished for the past; his case is for Allah (to judge); but whoever returns [to Ribaa (usury)], such are the dwellers of the Fire - they will abide therein."36

ِ ُ َ َ ُ ‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَﺄْﻛﻠُﻮن اﻟﺮﺑَﺎ ﻻَ ﻳَـﻘﻮﻣﻮن إِﻻﱠ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳَـﻘﻮم اﻟﱠﺬي ﻳَـﺘَﺨﺒﱠﻄُﻪُ اﻟ ﱠﻴﻄَﺎن‬ ُ ْ‫ﺸ‬ ‫َِ ُ َ ﱢ‬ َ ُ َ ُ ِ ‫ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤﺲ ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ إِﳕَﺎ اﻟْﺒَـْﻴﻊ ﻣﺜْﻞ اﻟﺮﺑَﺎ وأَﺣﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪُ اﻟْﺒَـْﻴﻊ وﺣﺮم‬ ‫ﱠ ُِ ُ ﱢ َ َﱠ‬ َ‫َ َ َ ﱠ‬ ُْ َ َ ‫َ َ ﱢ‬ ِ َ ِ‫ِ ﺔ ﱢ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺑَﺎ ﻓَﻤﻦ ﺟﺎءﻩُ ﻣﻮﻋﻈَ ٌ ﻣﻦ رﺑﱢﻪ ﻓَﺎﻧﺘَـﻬﻰ ﻓَـﻠَﻪُ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻠَﻒ وأَﻣﺮﻩُ إِﱃ اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ َْ َ َ ‫ﱢ‬ ُْ َ َ َ َ َ َ ‫وﻣﻦ ﻋﺎد ﻓَﺄُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ أَﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻨﱠﺎر ﻫﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﺎﻟِﺪون‬ َ ُ َ َ ْ ُ ِ ُ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ ْ ََ

35 36

Al Qur'an 4: 13-14 Al Qur'an 2:275

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Any so called benefit gained by usury is nullified and rejected. Similarly the benefit achieved from gambling or alcohol is cancelled and nullified by the Shari'ah.

41

42

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

4- AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH THE UNMENTIONED BENEFIT
This term is used to refer to benefit and interest that can be achieved from something that Allah has not revealed any command or prohibition about. Linguistically in the Arabic language, Mursalah comes from the word rasala and it means: Mursal – unchained/without anyone carrying it Risaalah – letter Rasool - carrier Risaalah also means: Al-Khitab – speech Al-Marsool- letter Al-Kitaab – book Al-Darajah – higher degree Al Islam – the message Al Rasool also means: Al Malak- angle Al Sahl - easy Al Latif - soft Al Nabi – prophet Al Masaalih Mursalah is defined in the Shari'ah as:

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

43

“The interest for which the Legislator did not legislate a specific evidence to recognise it or to nullify it.” This is a principle of Usul ul Fiqh37 adopted by Imam Maalik bin Anas. Mursal means to be untied or unrestricted, hence this is why it is associated with this principle. Al 'Izz bin Abdus Salam d.663H said, “If you study the aim of the Legislator you will find that it is based on bringing benefit and preventing harm (jalb al masaalih wa dari al mafaasid). Therefore, if you look at the totality of the Shari'ah we find that bringing the interest cannot be neglected nor can preventing the harm even if there is no specific text.” In other words he explained that even if no divine text specifically points to an action as a way to achieve benefit and prevent harm, you can appreciate that the whole purpose of the aim of the Legislator is to bring benefit and prevent harm. Al Masaalih al Mursalah is itself a principle that is not mentioned by specific divine evidences from the

37 Usul ul Fiqh is the foundations of jurisprudence, it is defined as, “The knowledge about the divine general evidences and the knowledge of general principles which leads to Al-Fiqh (jurisprudence, i.e. the rulings of Fardh, Haram, Mandoub etc).”

44

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Qur'an38 and Sunnah39 and Ulemaa' differed about its use or application. Hanafi scholars did not refer to it as a general evidence (daleel ijmali) in Islam but utilise it in the form of the Hanafi principle of juristic preference (istihsaan). Imam Shafi'i did not recognise it at all rather he said that can come to the same conclusion by Qiyaas (analogy) and that nothing in the Shari'ah has been omitted, it is complete and perfect and there is no Maslahah not mentioned in the Deen of Islam. Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal recognised Al Masaalih Al Mursalah while calling it Al Istidlaal.

38 Al Qur’an is the divine text to which the Muslims refer to, recite and memorise as an obligation in Islam, it is defined as follows, “The words of Allah (swt) which were revealed to his servant Muhammad (saw) in the Arabic language, which is worship when recited and written in the Uthmani script and transmitted by a Mutawaatir (multiple) chain.” It’s wording and meaning is from Allah and whoever denies, disagrees or contradicts it is a disbeliever, non-muslim and is punishable by the hellfire. 39 Al Sunnah has many meanings and is used in the Shari’ah in varying manners and various contexts, here we are speaking about the Sunnah as the second divine source of legislation, in this respect it is, “What has been attributed to the Messenger Muhammad (saw) specifically on what has never been mentioned in the Qur’an, rather has been mentioned by the Messenger as elaboration of the Qur’an.” More generally it is anything that is authentically “attributed to the Messenger Muhammad (saw) whether sayings, actions or consent or a description of the way he looks or his character or his biography whether before missionhood (i.e. bestowing of the prophethood at the age of 40) or after missionhood.” Please refer to the “Chapter 3: Al-Sunnah” of the book Ahl Al Sunnah Wal Jama’ah: their beliefs and qualities by Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad for more details and a full elaboration of Al Sunnah.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

45

5- EVIDENCES USED TO SUPPORT AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH
1) Scholars point to the fact that the Sahabah combined the Qur'an after the death of Muhammad (saw) while there was no request in the Wahi (Revelation40) to do so as an evidence to prove that we can seek the benefit that has not been mentioned. 2) Uthman ibn Affan copied the Mushaf four times and burnt the originals to remove the disputes and confusion spreading among those who didn't have knowledge. It is said that the motive to combine the Qur'an and make copies was only for interest, because they wanted to protect the Qur'an and they feared that the people would forget it. 3) It is narrated that Umar poured away diluted milk in order to prevent the people from being cheated41. It has been said that this is something he did for the sake of interest. 4) The Sahabah decided that if a group of people killed a person together to avoid liability of Qisaas, then all of them should be punished equally and will all be liable to
40 The revelation is of two and it cannot be anything else, it is either Qur’anic revelation (Al Wahi Al Qur’ani) or it is prophetic revelation (Al Wahi Al Nabawi), i.e. it is the Qur’an and the Sunnah of Muhammad ‫.ﺻﻠﻰ اﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ و ﺳﻠﻢ‬ 41

Hadith Mawqoof in Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim, Sunan Tirmizi

46

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? be put to death. It has been said that this was for the public interest. 5) The following verse has also been quoted as an evidence for this as a general evidence,

"And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the 'Alamin (mankind, Jinns and all that exists)."42 It is said that Mercy is benefit and a prevention of harm. 6) It is also narrated that Umar nominated six people on his deathbed to choose who would be Khalifah43 after him among themselves and ordered that they do not to leave his house before it was decided. This had not been done before. So it was quoted as an example of Masaalih Mursalah. 7) In the reign of Umar (ra), he also adopted the concept of census and financial recording from the Persians for the sake of benefit interest and also established prisons to prevent harm.

ِ ‫وﻣﺎ أَرﺳ ْﻠﻨَﺎك إِﻻ رﲪَﺔً ﻟﱢْﻠﻌﺎﻟَﻤﲔ‬ َ َ ْ َ ‫ََ ْ َ َ ﱠ‬

42 43

Al Qur'an 21:107 sing. Khalifah (pl. Khulafah), The Khalifah is the single ruler of all the Muslims as one body and rules them by Islam internally and externally, he has general authority over them and is the shield of all the Muslims whom fight from behind him, their cannot be two simultaneous Khulafah and the prophet (saw) ordered to strike the neck of the latter if two were to rise. It is prohibited to otherwise rise against the Khalifah unless he commits a clear cut Kufr (Al Kufr Al Bawah) e.g. if he implements a single clear Kufr law or legislates a new legislation instead of referring to the Qur’an.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

47

8) Umar (ra) also combined the governors wealth with Bait al Maal including Amr bin al ‘Aas and Abu Hurayrah who were both ordered to give up their wealth to Bait ul Maal. 9) Uthman (ra) adopted another Adhaan for Salatul Jumu'ah for the sake of benefit for the large Jama'ah44.

44 Al Jama’ah has many meanings, among them is the Muslim Ummah united together as one unit under a single ruler (Khalifah), this is known as the big group, (Jama’atul Kubra) although here we are speaking about the small group (Jama’atul Sughra), which is a collective body of Muslims who gather together to fulfill a particular duty, appointing among them an Ameer (leader).

48

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

6- CONDITIONS OF AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH BY IMAAM MAALIK BIN ANAS
Imam Maalik laid down four conditions for applying this as a general evidence in deriving Islamic rules: 1) The benefit must be compatible with the main aims of the Shari’ah. This means that the benefit must be part of achieving the recognised benefit (to protect the Deen, life, mind, honour and wealth) and it must not contradict any general evidence or detailed evidence. 2) It must be something which makes sense and is intelligible 3) It must remove hardship such that if it is not adopted it would be hardship and he referred to the verse.

"He has chosen you, and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship ..."45 4) It must be a matter decided/adopted by the Khalifah to be in the public interest - this is because the Khalifah's role is to remove disputes between the people.

‫ﻫﻮ اﺟﺘَﺒَﺎﻛﻢ وﻣﺎ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺣَج‬ ٍ‫ُ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ﺪ ِ ِ ْ َ ﺮ‬

45

Al Qur'an 22:78

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

49

7- OPINIONS ABOUT AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH
Scholars have differed greatly regarding whether or not Masaalih Mursalah can be treated as a general evidence in Usul ul Fiqh or not and whether it can be used to derive Islamic rules in Ijtihad or not. The First group of Ulemaa' said: It is a general evidence (Daleel Ijmali) and we are obliged to act up on it, and to derive rules from it is acceptable. They said that we should consider the interest that has been verified to be mentioned in the divine text and then make analogy upon that. This opinion is adopted by Maaliki scholars, Hanbali scholars and some of the Hanafi and Shafi'i scholars adopt this. The Second group of Ulemaa' said: It is not a general evidence and it is prohibited to act upon it completely. Among those who took this position were the Dhaahiris who also rejected Qiyaas. Also Imam Shafi'i also rejected this as a general evidence but said that Qiyaas upon matters mentioned in the divine text is a general evidence.

50

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

The Third group of Ulemaa' said: Masaalih Mursalah is only a method of classification and is subjective to the type of interest in question. Some scholars laid down extra conditions before accepting the principle. For example Imam Ghazaali (d. 505H) laid down three conditions to take it: 1) The interest must be a matter of Dharooriyyah – a matter of one of the 5 reasons that the Shari'ah was legislated for i.e. protection of the Deen, life, mind, honour and wealth. 2) The interest must be Qat'iyyah – must be from a clear definite evidence 3) The interest must be Kuliyyah – that the benefit must be for the public interest not just for the benefit of an individual. The Fourth group of Ulemaa' said: Al Masaalih Al Mursalah is acceptable only if it fits in with the recognised interest Al Masaalih al-Mu’tabarah – the recognised interest. Imam Juwayni said this though it is essentially rejecting the unmentioned interest and sticking to what was legislated by clear text.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

51

8- CRITICISMS OF AL MASAALIH AL MURSALAH
Imam Shafi'i criticised and refuted the arguments supporting Masaalih Mursalah including the following points. 1) He said that an interest which does not have evidence from the Shari'ah is a type of desire and he compared this to Istihsaan. He pointed out that there is no Ta’seel - no foundation in the Qur'an and Sunnah in any Islamic rules derived in this way, therefore it is not revelation but desire. 2) He also said that no-one can claim that there is recognised interest without text as that is like saying our Deen is not complete. Rather, Allah says in the Qur'an

"This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion."46 And also

ِ ِ ‫اﻟْﻴَـﻮم أَﻛﻤ ْﻠﺖ ﻟَﻜﻢ دﻳﻨَﻜﻢ وأَﲤَﻤﺖ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ ﻧِﻌﻤﱵ ورﺿﻴﺖ ﻟَﻜﻢ‬ ُ ُ ُ ََ ِ َ ْ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ‫اﻹﺳﻼَم دﻳﻨًﺎ‬ َ ِْ

46

Al Qur'an 5:3

52

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

" And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur'an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims)."47 3) Imam Shafi'i also said that If the Mujtahid fails to find a evidence in a matter he cannot go to his own desire nor his own interest or benefit as Allah says in Surah Baqarah,

ِ ِ ِ ُ ‫ُ ﱠٍ ِ ً ِ ﱢ‬ ‫وﻳَـﻮم ﻧَـْﺒـﻌﺚ ِﰲ ﻛﻞ أُﻣﺔ ﺷﻬﻴﺪا ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ أَﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ وﺟْﺌـﻨَﺎ ﺑِﻚ ﺷﻬﻴﺪا‬ ً َِ َ َ ‫ﱢ‬ ُ َ َْ َ َ ْ َْ ِ َ ْ ََ ً ُ َ ٍ ْ َ ‫ُ ﱢ‬ ً‫ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻫـﺆﻻء وﻧـَﺰﻟْﻨَﺎ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻚ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب ﺗِْﺒـﻴَﺎﻧًﺎ ﻟﱢﻜﻞ ﺷﻲء وﻫﺪى ورﲪَﺔ‬ َ ‫َ َُ َ ﱠ‬ َ ِ ‫وﺑُﺸﺮى ﻟِْﻠﻤﺴﻠِﻤﲔ‬ َ ْ ُ َْ َ

"Jihad (holy fighting in Allah's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know."48 and if the Mujtahid does not know what Allah mentioned about the matter (i.e. by his claim that there is some unmentioned interests),

ِ ‫ﻛﺘِﺐ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟْﻘﺘَﺎل وﻫﻮ ﻛ ْﺮٌ ﻟﱠﻜﻢ وﻋﺴﻰ أَن ﺗَ ْﺮﻫﻮاْ ﺷْﻴﺌًﺎ وﻫﻮ ﺧْﻴـﺮ‬ ٌ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ‫ﻜ‬ َ َ َ ْ ُ ‫ُ َ َ ُ ُ ُ ََُ ُ ﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﱠﻜﻢ وﻋﺴﻰ أَن ﲢﺒﱡﻮاْ ﺷْﻴﺌًﺎ وﻫﻮ ﺷﺮ ﻟﱠﻜﻢ واﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻳَـﻌﻠَﻢ وأَﻧﺘُﻢ ﻻَ ﺗَـﻌﻠَﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ‫ُِ َ َ ُ َ َ ﱞ‬ َ ََ ُْ

‫ﻓَﺎﺳﺄَﻟُﻮاْ أَﻫﻞ اﻟﺬﻛﺮ إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﻻَ ﺗَـﻌﻠَﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ْ ُ ِْ‫ْ ْ َ ﱢ‬ ِ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟْﺒَـﻴﱢـﻨَﺎت واﻟﺰﺑُﺮ وأَﻧﺰﻟْﻨَﺎ‬ َ َ ِ‫َ ﱡ‬

47 48

Al Qur'an 16:89 Al Qur'an 2:216

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "So ask of those who know the Scripture [learned men of the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], if you know not. With clear signs and Books"49 4) He explained that we accept that Allah recognised some interests and nullified others, but general evidences (Daleel Ijmaali - for deriving rules) must to be based upon text. 5) Regarding the compilation of the Qur'an and the burning of the Masaahif by Uthman (ra), Imam Shafi'i explained that there is not only scope for Qiyaas but these matters have Ijmaa' of the companions which is proof of a prevailing divine evidence that did not reach us. 6) Regarding the incident that Umar poured the diluted milk, we have an example from the prophet Muhammad (saw) in which he found wet dates being sold by deception and so he threw them on the ground as a punishment. So this matter has evidence and is not a matter unmentioned. 7) Moreover Allah continuously commands us to hold tight to the Qur'an and Sunnah and never to leave it for anything else,

53

49

Al Qur'an 16:43-44

54

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

"O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination."50 In Saheeh Muslim, it is narrated by Aisha (ra) that the Messenger Muhammad (saw) said, “Whoever does an action not based on our teachings, it will rejected.”51 8) Furthermore, taking the concept of Al Masaalih al Mursalah will make rules subjective to the people, time and place. Everyone will see their benefit and interest differently and have their own laws to suit their desires52.

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ أَﻃﻴﻌُﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ وأَﻃﻴﻌُﻮاْ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل وأُوِﱄ اﻷَﻣﺮ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓَِﺈن‬ َ َْ َ ُ‫ﱠ‬ َ َ ْ ُ ِْ َ ِ َ ِْ‫َ ٍ ﱡ َ ِ ﱠ ِ ُ ـ‬ ‫ﺗَـﻨَﺎزﻋﺘُﻢ ِﰲ ﺷﻲء ﻓَـﺮدوﻩُ إِﱃ اﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟﺮﺳﻮل إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﺗُﺆﻣﻨُﻮن ﺑِﺎﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟْﻴَـﻮِم‬ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ْ َْ ُ ْ ِ ُ ْ َ ٌ َ َ َ ِِ ً‫اﻵﺧﺮ ذﻟِﻚ ﺧْﻴـﺮ وأَﺣﺴﻦ ﺗَﺄْوﻳﻼ‬ َ

Al Qur'an 4:59 Saheeh Muslim 52 Al Hawaa in Arabic means what you love and are inclined to, it is of two types, the praised Hawaa (that confirmed and permitted by the divine text) and the dispraised Hawaa (anything prohibited or opposing the divine text); this type of Hawaa is the greatest enemy to the revelation and is a Taghout for the one who follows it instead of Allah (swt) and the prophet (saw) said, “No one of you is a believer until his Hawaa is in accordance to what I have brought.”
50 51

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? In fact, it has been said that it is allowed to beat a suspect for the sake of obtaining a confession based on of Al Masaalih al Mursalah. Imam Shafi'i disagreed with this but many great scholars were lashed on the basis of this principle, including Imam Ahmed, Abu Hanifah and Ibn Taymiyyah.

55

Allah says in the Qur'an, “Those who do not rule by what Allah has revealed in the Qur'an are the Dhaalimoon (oppressors).”53 Failing to refer only to divine evidences will only result in oppression and injustice and never benefit or interest.

‫وﻣﻦ ﱂْ ﳛﻜﻢ ِﲟَﺎ أﻧﺰل اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻓَﺄُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻟِﻤﻮن‬ ُ َْ ‫َ َ ﱠ‬ ََ َ ُ ُُ َ ْ

53

Al Qur'an 5:45

56

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Chapter 4: Benefit of the Da’wah
When we speak about the “benefit of the Da’wah”, we must appreciate that benefit and harm is normally considered and outweighed in areas of Mubaah i.e. permissible matters. In these permissible areas, we can use our own mind and assessment to decide what is most beneficial and better for us or what is easier and less hardship. But when we talk about the benefit of the Da’wah, which is a matter of duty and obligation, we need to define the reality - what is “the benefit of the Da’wah”? Allah (swt) says,

“I did not create mankind and jinn except to worship me, no sustenance do I ever demand of them, nor do I demand that they feed Me, verily Allah is the provider and the owner of all power.”54

ِ ُ ‫ْ ْ ﱠ ِْ ﱠ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ ﺧﻠَﻘﺖ اﳉِﻦ واﻹﻧﺲ إِﻻ ﻟِﻴَـﻌﺒُﺪون‬ ُ َ ََ ْ َ َ ِ ‫ﻣﺎ أُرﻳﺪ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ رزق وﻣﺎ أُرﻳﺪ أَن ﻳُﻄْﻌِﻤﻮن‬ ُ ِ َ َ ٍ ْ‫َ ِ ُ ِ ُ ﱢ ﱢ‬ ُ ِ ‫إِن اﻟﻠﱠﻪَ ﻫﻮ اﻟﺮﱠاق ذُو اﻟْﻘﻮة اﻟْﻤﺘِﲔ‬ ُ ‫ﱠ ُ َ ﱠز‬ ُ َ ‫ُﱠ‬

54

Al Qur'an 51:56-58

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? This is a clear cut text that summarizes matters of Usul ul Deen. It defines the general and detailed objectives for all our actions: to worship Allah (swt) and to submit to Him with Tawheed55. Allah (swt) declared that He wants us to have this complete act and aim of Ibaadah throughout our entire life. That Ibaadah is the ultimate aim that He (swt) loves most and is pleased with most. And because of that purpose of Ibaadah, He (swt) created us. Allah (swt) does not need an aim or a reason, but he gave us an aim in our life and purpose for our creation: that is to submit to Allah, and we do not have any 'Ilaah' besides Him to worship. All the Anbiyaa’ called to one thing: to worship, follow and obey Allah (swt) exclusively. Note: We must combine all the evidences when we mention terms. The word Ilaah does not only mean Ma’bood, we must combine all the texts to understand these terms. There is a principle in the Shari’ah that “Combining two evidences is better than ignoring one of them.”
55 Al Tawheed is to direct all forms of worship and ritual acts solely, directly and exclusively to Allah (swt) without to associate any partners with him; this includes to love, follow and obey Him exclusively and not to love or obey anyone besides Allah. Al Tawheed is the foundation and pillar of Islam. Without it nobody can be Muslim nor enter paradise and will rather be doomed in the hereafter whatever he had of other good deeds, similarly whoever dies with it will enter paradise as an inevitability; it has pillars and conditions, all of which must be fulfilled to retain and benefit from it and we will attempt to elaborate them ahead Inshaa Allah. See Kitabul Imaan or Mukhtasar Al Tawheed by Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad for more details.

57

58

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Islam is total submission to Allah. All the Anbiyaa came with this message. Allah (swt) says,

“We sent to every nation a messenger calling people to worship Allah (swt) and keep distance from Tag hoot. And among those [past generations] were people whom God graced with His guidance, just as there was among them [many a one] who inevitably fell prey to grievous error: go, then, about the earth and behold what happened in the end to those who gave the lie to the truth!”56 Allah (swt) says,

ِ ‫وﻟَﻘﺪ ﺑَـﻌﺜْـﻨَﺎ ِﰲ ﻛﻞ أُﻣﺔ رﺳﻮﻻً أَن اﻋﺒُﺪواْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ واﺟﺘَﻨِﺒُﻮاْ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻏُﻮت ﻓَﻤْﻨـﻬﻢ‬ ُ ْ ِ ُ ‫ُ ﱢ ﱠٍ ﱠ‬ ْ َ ُ َ َ َْ َ ِ ِ ْ ‫َِ ُ ﱠ ْ َﻘ ْ َ ِ ﻀ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻫﺪى اﻟﻠّﻪُ وﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣ ﱠﺖ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻪ اﻟ ﱠﻼﻟَﺔُ ﻓَﺴﲑُواْ ِﰲ اﻷَرض‬ ََ ْ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓَﺎﻧﻈُﺮواْ ﻛْﻴﻒ ﻛﺎن ﻋﺎﻗِﺒَﺔُ اﻟْﻤﻜﺬﺑِﲔ‬ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ‫ُ َﱢ‬

“We did not send before you a messenger except we revealed to him that there is none worthy of worship except me. Therefore worship me”57 When you worship Allah (swt) exclusively, He is the only one entitled to say to you, ‘Follow on my behalf, my messengers’
56 57

ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ أَرﺳ ْﻠﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗَـْﺒﻠِﻚ ﻣﻦ رﺳﻮل إِﻻ ﻧُﻮﺣﻲ إِﻟَْﻴﻪ أَﻧﱠﻪُ ﻻ إِﻟَﻪَ إِﻻ أَﻧَﺎ‬ َ ِ ِ ‫َ ِ ﱠُ ٍ ﱠ‬ َ ْ ََ ِ ُْ ‫ﻓَﺎﻋﺒُﺪون‬

Al Qur'an 16:36 Al Qur'an 21:25

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

59

We do not follow Muhammad (saw) because he is an Arab man from Makkah; we follow him because he was the messenger of Allah. That is why Allah (swt) only mentions the name Muhammad four times in the Qur’an, and every time he calls him the Messenger of Allah, otherwise he would always address him as the prophet or messenger “O Nabi ...” etc. It is foolish to be proud of being an Arab just because the prophet (saw) was an Arab or to think that Arabism is going to cause revival. This Ummah is one Ummah; it is not an Arabic Ummah but an Ummah of Tawheed. Allah (swt) says,

“This Ummah of yours is one Ummah. Since I am the Lord of you all: worship, then, Me [alone]!"58 Allah did not create us for the sake of seeking Maslahah (benefit for ourselves); he created us to fulfil the meaning of Ubudiyyah (exclusive worship for Allah). The benefit of the Da’wah is Tahqeeq al Tawheed, to achieve this Ubudiyyah, to achieve this Tawheed. The benefit of Da’wah is Tahqeeq ul Ubudiyyah, to make people subservient to Allah, to obey and worship Allah (swt) exclusively, to establish the exclusive worship to Allah i.e. to make Tawheed prevail. That is the only benefit of Da’wah – Izhaar ul Deen.
58

ِِ ِ ِ ُْ ُ ‫إِن ﻫﺬﻩ أُﻣﺘُﻜﻢ أُﻣﺔً واﺣﺪةً وأَﻧَﺎ رﺑﱡﻜﻢ ﻓَﺎﻋﺒُﺪون‬ ْ َ َ َ َ ‫ﱠ َ ﱠ ُْ ﱠ‬

Al Qur'an 21:92

60

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

1- THE USUL OF THE BENEFIT OF THE DA’WAH
From the above evidences we can understand the first foundation of ‘Maslahah – Benefit’ in the Da’wah: 1- Al Ibaadah - Ifraadullah wahdahu bil Ibaadah, This is the first benefit of the Da’wah, for Allah to be exclusively worshipped, followed and obeyed. We repeat these verses detailing exclusive worship as the purpose of our creation again and again but when we talk about the Da’wah, we start to disconnect the Da’wah from that aim and objective. Allah (swt) is Al Aleem Al Khabeer, he knows best what is good for the Da’wah and what is bad for the Da’wah, and it is not up to us to make Takleef and accountability for ourselves - because we are not legislators. Allah (swt) says,

“Allah does not take partners in his legislation anybody.”59 That is the purpose of the creation and the purpose of the Da’wah, this can never be compromised or contradict for the sake of benefitting it. 2- Al-Mutaaba’ah – Ifraadu al rasooli bil mutaaba’ah, the oneness of the messenger in following his example.
59

‫وﻻ ﻳُﺸﺮك ِﰲ ﺣ ْﻤﻪ أَﺣﺪا‬ ً َ ِ ِ ‫ََ ْ ِ ُ ُ ﻜ‬

Al Qur'an 18:26

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

61

If you want to fulfil the Ibaadah, you must worship Allah (swt) exclusively, and if you want to fulfil that Ibaadah you must also follow the messenger Muhammad (saw) alone. We cannot follow anyone else. We do not look to the Sahabah, Mu’az ibn Jabal, Mus’ab ibn Umayr or any other companion except to look at whether the prophet (saw) consented to what they did as an example to follow. 3- Al Ikhlaas – Sincerity. It must be exclusively targeting the pleasure of Allah. There is no harm in classifying these Usul or classifying the Ahkaam with elaboration, beyond what other scholars have done previously. This is permissible and is better to help people understand, especially matters that are confused and controversial. We must worship Allah (swt) by what He has legislated not by what we innovate. Allah (swt) says,

ِ ‫اﻟﱠﺬي ﺧﻠَﻖ اﻟْﻤﻮت واﳊَﻴَﺎة ﻟِﻴَْﺒـﻠَُﻛﻢ أَﻳﱡﻜﻢ أَﺣﺴﻦ ﻋﻤﻼ وﻫﻮ اﻟْﻌﺰﻳﺰ‬ ُ ِ َ َ ُ َ ً َ َ ُ َ ْ ْ ُ ْ ُ‫َ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ ﻮ‬ ‫اﻟْﻐَﻔﻮر‬ ُُ
“...to test you to see which of you are best in actions”60 Al-Fudhayl bin Iyaad said, ‘[that is] The most sincere deed and the most correct deed [Akhlasu wa aswabu]”
60

Al Qur'an 67:2

62

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Because if it was sincere but not correct, it will not be a good deed and if it was correct but not sincere then it was not a good deed either, if they were both sincere and correct, it is a good deed even if performed by someone deviant from Ahl Al Sunnah Wal Jama’ah61. Allah (swt) says,

‘Say: If you love Allah, then follow me, he will love you and forgive your sins, Allah is All Forgiving and All Merciful.”62 So the Maqsad (objective) of this Walaa’ to Islam, is out of sincere love and devotion to Allah (swt). The deeds must be done sincerely for the sake of Allah and must be following the Sunnah of the messenger (saw) in order for it to be accepted. Allah wants us to be allied to the Deen of Islam, to believe on it, to embrace it, support it and support the people who believe in Islam. That is
61 It is recorded in Tafseer Al Tabari and Ibn Kathir that Abdullah ibn Abbas said regarding the verse of Surah ale-Imraan, 3: 106 “On the Day of Judgement, some peoples faces will be bright, and others will be dark” that “Those whose faces will be bright will be Ahl us-Sunnah wal Jama’ah, and those whose faces will be dark will be Ahl Al Bid’ah wal Firqah.” Ahl Sunnah Wal Jama’ah is a sect, it is the saved sect which the prophet (saw) mentioned in the hadith and it is specifically the prophet (saw) and his companions and the way in which they believed in their Aqeedah (belief) and all other aspects of the Deen (religion). It is narrated by Abdullah ibn Amru and recorded in Al Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 2565, that the prophet (saw) said, my Ummah will divide into 73 sects, all of them will be in the hellfire, and one of them will be in paradise.” We asked “Which one is saved?” The Prophet (saw) said, “The one that is with me and my Companions.” see the book Ahl Al Sunnah Wal Jama’ah: their beliefs and qualities by Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad for more details. 62 Al Qur'an 3:31

ِ ِ َ ُِ ْ ُ ْ ُ‫ﻗُﻞ إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﲢﺒﱡﻮن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻓَﺎﺗﱠﺒِﻌُﻮﱐ ﳛﺒِْﺒﻜﻢ اﻟﻠّﻪُ وﻳَـﻐﻔ ْﺮ ﻟَﻜﻢ ذُﻧُﻮﺑَﻜﻢ واﻟﻠّﻪ‬ َ ْ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ ُ ُْ ِ ‫ﻏﻔﻮر رﺣﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫َُ ٌ ﱠ‬

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Muwalaaat to Islam and its people. There is no way to follow Islam by detaching it from the divine text. Allah (swt) says,

63

“Do not throw out those who worship your lord day and need to please him you are not accountable for them in anything nor they are accountable to you in anything, if you turn them away you will be an oppressor.”63 Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas narrated that the Mushrikeen64 said to the prophet (saw) to throw out 6 Muslims that had been with them in the gathering, in order for those Mushrikeen to stay and listen to the prophet (saw), that was because they didn’t like for those 6 weak Muslims to think they could sit or talk with those nobles. He narrated that he, Abdur Rahman ibn Awf, Bilal ibn Rabah and Abdullah ibn Mas’ood and 2 others, for whom he did not remember the names, were present. So the messenger (saw) had a situation where he had a chance to invite the Mushrikeen to Islam by throwing out 6 Muslims from the Majlis temporarily. So Allah revealed the ayah65 forbidding him from throwing them out, denounce them or reject them.
Al Qur'an 6:52 The one who commits Shirk is called the Mushrik (pl. Mushrikeen). 65 Ayah (pl. Ayat): verse of the Qur’an
63 64

ِ ِ ِ ‫وﻻَ ﺗَﻄْﺮد اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَﺪﻋُﻮن رﺑـﱠﻬﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻐَﺪاة واﻟْﻌﺸﻲ ﻳُﺮﻳﺪون وﺟﻬﻪُ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻚ‬ َ َ َ َْ َ َ ُ ِ ‫َ َ َِ ﱢ‬ ََُ ْ َ ُ َ ٍ ِ ِ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴﺎ ِِﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء وﻣﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴﺎﺑِﻚ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء ﻓَـﺘَﻄْﺮدﻫﻢ‬ ْ ُ َُ ْ َ ‫ْ َ ﱢ َ ْ ََ ْ َ َ َ ﱢ‬ ِ ِِ (6:52) ‫َـَﻜﻮن ﻣﻦ اﻟ ﱠﺎﻟﻤﲔ‬ َ ‫ﻓﺘ ُ َ َ ﻈ‬

64

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Imam Qurtubi said about this, that the prophet (saw) was inclined and keen for them to embrace Islam as they were chiefs of entire tribes who would follow them into Islam, however they did not want to listen to him (saw) unless those six companions left the Majlis. So the benefit for the ‘Da’wah’ is to ask his companions to leave the gathering temporarily for the sake of giving Da’wah. Allah revealed this ayah forbidding them from doing what he had considered doing. There is no doubt that those chiefs and tribes entering Islam would be a great benefit for the Ummah in a practical or worldly sense but the prophet (saw) did not do that. Those who think that they are very clever and wise would have taken this offer for the benefit of the Da’wah. But this benefit of the Da’wah is not acceptable and Allah declared that it is oppression.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

65

2- THE TRUE MASLAHAH (BENEFIT) OF THE DA’WAH
Two principles we should therefore look at to understand the real meaning of the benefit of the Da’wah are as follows:

1- Hifz ul Deen - On this basis he rejected to send his companions out. 2- Holding firm to the Shari’ah – this is by itself the real Maslahah of the Deen.
This is not like the false principle – “wherever there is benefit it will be acceptable in the Shari’ah”. The correct principle is ‘Wherever there is Shari’ah, there is benefit (Maslahah)’. We can understand this principle from two angles. Allah (swt) set up the aim of obeying this Shari’ah as being to worship Him (swt). That is a test from Allah that he made as a responsibility (Takleef) upon us. Hence the one who can make things a duty, responsibility, obligations and accountability is Al Mukallif, and Al Mukallif is only Allah (swt), the Mukallaf (the one who is burdened with Takleef) is Abdullah – the slave of Allah. His Lord - Al Rabb is Allah and Al Marboob (the one is the servant of the Lord) is Abdullah. Hence we say Al Mukallaf is Abdun Marboob (a slave with a Lord over him), whereas Al Mukallif is Rabbun Ma’bood

66

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? (Lord who is worshipped). This ultimately means that human beings can never make things a duty, obligation, sin, responsibility upon themselves or on others, that is solely the role of Allah (swt) without any partners.

3- HOLDING FIRM TO THE SHARI’AH IS THE ESSENCE OF THE MASLAHAH
Holding firm to the Shari’ah is the essence of the Maslahah, whenever you hold to the Shari’ah: that is the Maslahah – benefit and the interest. Moreover, the main aim of the Shari’ah is to preserve the Deen, to preserve the life, the wealth, the honour and the mind. You can never preserve the Deen unless you abide by the Shari’ah. That is because Allah did not legislate this Deen except for us to act upon it, and he is testing us with the Takleef, in order for us to be responsible for everything we say and do, and we will be accountable for that based on his commands. So the real benefit of the Da’wah is to respond to the Lord, to obey Him (swt) and hold firm to His Shari’ah. Holding firm to the Shari’ah is the head and foundation of the benefit (Maslahah). There is no way to look to any interest that contradicts the Shari’ah or making things permissible or prohibited, which the Shari’ah did not legislate, even if you think it is beneficial.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? This is the foundation of Islam and its purpose, to achieve the ultimate aim of worshipping Allah (swt). Allah (swt) created us to follow his commands, not to care about what the Kuffar think. Allah (swt) says,

67

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻫﻮ اﻟﱠﺬي أَرﺳﻞ رﺳﻮﻟَﻪُ ﺑِﺎﳍُﺪى ودﻳﻦ اﳊَﻖ ﻟِﻴُﻈْﻬﺮﻩُ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻛﻠﱢﻪ وﻟَﻮ‬ ْ َ ُ ِ ‫َْ َ َُ َْ َ ِ ْﱢ َ َ ﺪ‬ َُ ِ (9:33) ‫ﻛ ِﻩ ا ْﻤﺸﻛﻮن‬ َ ُ‫َ ﺮَ ﻟ ُ ْ ﺮ‬
“He is the one who sent the messenger with the guidance and the Deen of truth to dominate with it over every other Deen, even though the Mushrikeen hate it.”66

Allah (swt) says,

“It is not allowed for the believing men or women after Allah and his messenger have decreed/decided/obliged/ordered any matter, for them to have any choice/option in the matter. And whoever disobeys Allah and His messenger has been misguided a severe misguidance.”67 We do everything the way Allah has decided, even the way we approach our wives, how we clean ourselves in the toilet, we cannot have any choice in the matter, we must submit to the command, way and example obliged upon us in the Qur’an and Sunnah.

ٍِ ِ ‫وﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻟِﻤﺆﻣﻦ وﻻ ﻣﺆﻣﻨَﺔ إِذا ﻗَﻀﻰ اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ورﺳﻮﻟُﻪُ أَﻣﺮا أَن ﻳَﻜﻮن ﳍُﻢ‬ َ َ ْ ُ ََ ٍ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ َُ َ ُ ً ْ ُ ََ ‫اﳋِﻴَـﺮةُ ﻣﻦ أَﻣﺮﻫﻢ وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﻌﺺ اﻟﻠﱠﻪَ ورﺳﻮﻟَﻪُ ﻓَـﻘﺪ ﺿﻞ ﺿﻼﻻ ﻣﺒِﻴﻨًﺎ‬ ‫ْ َ ِ ْ ْ ِِ ْ َ َ ْ ِ َ َ ُ َ ْ َ ﱠ َ َ ً ﱡ‬

66 67

Al Qur'an 9:33 Al Qur'an 33:36

68

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Imam al Qurtubi, ibn Katheer, Shawkaani etc all explained that this ayah is general in all the affairs of the believers, that whenever Allah and His messenger have decreed a matter, the believers have no choice in it. Allah (swt) says,

‫ﻓَﻼَ ورﺑﱢﻚ ﻻَ ﻳـُﺆﻣﻨُﻮن ﺣﱴ ﳛَﻜﻤﻮك ﻓِﻴﻤﺎ ﺷﺠﺮ ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻬﻢ ُﱠ ﻻَ ﳚﺪواْ ِﰲ‬ ُ َِ ‫َ َ َ ْ ِ َ َ ﱠَ ُ ﱢ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ﰒ‬ ِ ِِ (4:65) ‫َﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﺣ ﺟﺎ ﱢﱠﺎ َﻀﻴﺖ وﻳﺴ ﱢﻤﻮْ َﺴﻠﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً ْ ‫أ ُ ْ َﺮ ً ﳑ ﻗ َْ َ َ ُ َﻠ ُ ا ﺗ‬ َ
“But no, by your Lord! They do not [really] believe unless they make you [O Prophet] a judge of all on which they disagree among themselves, and then find in their hearts no bar to an acceptance of your decision and give themselves up [to it] in utter self-surrender.”68

Now people think that for the benefit of the Da’wah, we should leave the Da’wah, stop calling publicly, and stop criticizing the Deen of the Kuffar. Where was the benefit of the Da’wah for Ja’far to recite to the Najashi in front of the envoy of Quraish who had already complained that the Muslims call Isa (as) a slave, verses that call him the slave of Allah? For the ‘benefit of the Da’wah’, he could have spoken about his being a messenger of Allah, the word of Allah and similar. Where was the benefit for him in refusing to bow in front of the Najashi? Allah (swt) says,

68

Al Qur'an 4:65

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

69

“Whoever contradicts the messenger after the guidance has reached him and follows a path different than the believers, Allah will keep them on that path and throw them in hellfire and that is the worst destination.”69 And,

ِ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ َ‫ََ َ ِ ﱠ ُ َ ِ ْ ِ َ ﱠ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ ﻳُﺸﺎﻗِﻖ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺗَـﺒَـﲔ ﻟَﻪُ اﳍُﺪى وﻳَـﺘﱠﺒِﻊ ﻏْﻴـﺮ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ‬ (4:115) ‫ا ْﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ُﻮﱢﻪ ﻣﺎ َـﻮﱃ وُﺼﻠﻪ ﺟﻬﱠﻢ وﺳﺎءت ﻣﺼ ا‬ ‫ﻟ ُ ْ ِ ِ َ ﻧـ َﻟ ِ َ ﺗ َ ﱠ َ ﻧ ْ ِ ِ َ َ ﻨ َ َ َ ْ َ ِ ﲑ‬ ً

“Do not regard the Apostles summons to you [in the same light] as a summons of one of you to another: God is indeed aware of those of you who would withdraw surreptitiously: so let those who would go against His bidding beware, lest a [bitter] trial befall them [in this world] or grievous suffering befall them [in the life to come].”70 Allah (swt) says,

ِ ِ ‫َ َْ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ُ‫ﻻ ﲡﻌﻠُﻮا دﻋﺎء اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ ﻛﺪﻋﺎء ﺑَـﻌﻀﻜﻢ ﺑَـﻌﻀﺎ ﻗَﺪ ﻳَـﻌﻠَﻢ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬ َ ُ ُ ْ ْ ً ْ ُ ْ ََُ ُْ ِ ِِ ْ ْ َ َ ُ ُ ِ ِ َ ْ ً ُ ِ َ ‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﺘَﺴﻠﱠﻠُﻮن ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻟِﻮاذا ﻓَـ ْﻠﻴَﺤﺬر اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﳜَﺎﻟِﻔﻮن ﻋﻦ أَﻣﺮﻩ أَن‬ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ (24:63) ‫ُﺼﻴﺒـﻬﻢ ﻓﺘـَ ٌ َو ﻳﺼﻴﺒـﻬﻢ ﻋﺬاب َﻟﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ‫ﺗ َ ُ ْ ْ ﻨﺔ أ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َ َ ٌ أ‬

‫ﱠ‬ ُ َ ِِ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ ْ ُ ‫َ ِ َ َ َ َ ﺪ‬ َ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ﻻ ﺗُـﻘ ﱢﻣﻮا ﺑَـﲔ ﻳَﺪي اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ورﺳﻮﻟﻪ واﺗﱠـﻘﻮا اﻟﻠﱠﻪَ إِن اﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬ ِ ‫ﲰﻴﻊ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َ ٌ َ
69 70

Al Qur'an 4:115 Al Qur'an 24:63

70

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

ِ َ َ َِ َ ُ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ﻻ ﺗَـ ْﺮﻓَـﻌُﻮا أَﺻﻮاﺗَﻜﻢ ﻓَـﻮق ﺻﻮت اﻟﻨﱠﱯ وﻻ ﲡﻬﺮوا ﻟَﻪ‬ ُ َ َْ ََ ‫ْ َ ُ ْ ْ َ َ ْ ِ ﱢ‬ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟْﻘﻮل ﻛﺠﻬﺮ ﺑَـﻌﻀﻜﻢ ﻟِﺒَـﻌﺾ أَن ﲢﺒَﻂ أَﻋﻤﺎﻟُﻜﻢ وأَﻧﺘُﻢ ﻻ ﺗَﺸﻌُﺮون‬ َ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َْ ٍ ْ ْ ُ ِ ْ ِ ْ َ َ ِ ْ َ

‘O you who believe! Do not precede Allah and his messenger but remain conscious of God: for, verily, God is all-hearing, all-knowing! O you who have attained to faith! Do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet, and neither speak loudly to him, as you would speak loudly to one another, lest all your [good] deeds come to nought without your perceiving it.”71

The one who stands firm to the Shari’ah will have Maslahah in the Dunya (this life) and in the hereafter. In the Dunya, Allah will give him victory and in the hereafter Allah will give him Jannah (paradise) and if he dies as Shaheed or Siddeeq in that process, he will have the greatest victory of all. Allah (swt) says,

“This book without doubt is guidance for al-Muttaqeen”72 And,

ِ ِ ِ َ َ ‫ذﻟِﻚ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب ﻻَ رﻳْﺐ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻫﺪى ﻟﱢْﻠﻤﺘﱠﻘﲔ‬ َ ُ ًُ َ َ ُ

ِ ِ ِ ُ‫ﱡ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﺎس ﻗَﺪ ﺟﺎءﺗْﻜﻢ ﻣﻮﻋﻈَ ٌ ﻣﻦ رﺑﱢﻜﻢ وﺷﻔﺎء ﻟﱢﻤﺎ ِﰲ اﻟﺼﺪور‬ َ َ َ َ ْ ُ ‫ُ ْ َ ُ ﱠْ ﺔ ﱢ ﱠ‬ ِ ‫وﻫﺪى ورﲪَ ٌ ﻟﱢْﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ‬ َ ْ ُ ‫َ ُ ً ََ ْ ﺔ‬

71 72

Al Qur'an 49:1-2 Al Qur'an 2:2

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “O Mankind! There has come to you a preaching (the Qur’an) as a cure for whatever is in the chests and as a guidance and a mercy for the believers.”73 And the prophet (saw) said,

71

“Whoever among you lives a long time, will see many differences, so follow my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided successors (Note: this is not talking about only the first four Caliphs, but the successors in conveying the Deen i.e. all the Sahabah), hold to them with your back teeth.”
And the prophet (saw) said,

‘I left nothing that could make you closer to Jannah and distant from the hellfire except that I have mentioned it to you and I left nothing that could make you closer to hellfire and distant from the Jannah except that I have forbidden you.’
So what Maslahah could be left unmentioned after this? This Deen has been made so comprehensive and pure that it does not need anything else to benefit it or improve it. The Salaf said, “All of the Shari’ah is Maslahah, the Shari’ah prevents harm and brings benefit.”

73

Al Qur'an 10:57

72

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? We do not accept Maslahah in our Usul, however even those who accepted it from the Ulemaa’ of the past, only accepted it in the way described above. On the other hand, the one who seeks Maslahah in a corrupted way is a man of doubt and conjecture; they are those who start to say that if the Shari’ah does not bring them Maslahah in the Dunya, they claim that the Shari’ah must be changed. Let them answer the question, ‘Are you more knowledgeable or is Allah?’ Allah (swt) says,

"Do you claim that Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and their descendants were `Jews' or `Christians'?" Say: "Do you know more than God does? And who could be more wicked than he who suppresses a testimony given to him by God? Yet God is not unmindful of what you do.”74

ْ‫أَم ﺗَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮن إِن إِﺑْـﺮاﻫﻴﻢ وإِﲰَﺎﻋﻴﻞ وإِﺳﺤـﻖ وﻳَـﻌﻘﻮب واﻷﺳﺒَﺎط ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا‬ َ َ ْ َ َ ُْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ ْ َ َ ِ َ ‫ْ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻫﻮدا أَو ﻧَﺼﺎرى ﻗُﻞ أَأَﻧﺘُﻢ أَﻋﻠَﻢ أَم اﻟﻠّﻪُ وﻣﻦ أَﻇْﻠَﻢ ِﳑﱠﻦ ﻛﺘَﻢ ﺷﻬﺎدة‬ ًَ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ََ ِ ُ ْ ْ ْ َ َ ْ ً ُ (2:140) ‫ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ّﻪ وﻣﺎ اﻟ ّﻪ ِ َﺎﻓﻞ ﻋﻤﺎ َـﻌﻤ ُﻮن‬ َ ‫ِ َ ُ ِ َ ﻠ ِ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﺑﻐ ِ ٍ َ ﱠ ﺗ ْ َ ﻠ‬

ِ ‫ﻛﺘِﺐ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟْﻘﺘَﺎل وﻫﻮ ﻛ ْﺮٌ ﻟﱠﻜﻢ وﻋﺴﻰ أَن ﺗَ ْﺮﻫﻮاْ ﺷْﻴﺌًﺎ وﻫﻮ ﺧْﻴـﺮ‬ ٌ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ‫ﻜ‬ َ َ َ ْ ُ ‫ُ َ َ ُ ُ ُ ََُ ُ ﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﱠﻜﻢ وﻋﺴﻰ أَن ﲢﺒﱡﻮاْ ﺷْﻴﺌًﺎ وﻫﻮ ﺷﺮ ﻟﱠﻜﻢ واﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻳَـﻌﻠَﻢ وأَﻧﺘُﻢ ﻻَ ﺗَـﻌﻠَﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ‫ُِ َ َ ُ َ َ ﱞ‬ َ ََ ُْ
(2:216)

74

Al Qur'an 2:140

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Fighting is ordained for you, even though it be hateful to you; but it may well be that you hate a thing the while it is good for you, and it may well be that you love a thing the while it is bad for you: and God knows, whereas you do not know.”75 Verily, this is the rejected Maslahah: to change what Allah has ordered for us.

73

“And when they are told, "Do not spread corruption on earth," they answer, "We are but improving things! Oh, verily, it is they, they who are spreading corruption but they perceive it not?"76 The Deen is completed and nobody can put the Masaalih forward as a source of legislation in this Deen to change or bring a choice in what Allah and His Messenger have already decided and informed us about.

ِ ْ ‫وإِذا ﻗِﻴﻞ ﳍُﻢ ﻻَ ﺗُـﻔﺴﺪواْ ِﰲ اﻷَرض ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ إِﳕَﺎ ﳓﻦ ﻣﺼﻠِﺤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ُ ُ َْ ‫ﱠ‬ ُِْ َْ َ َ َ ِ َ ُِْ ‫أَﻻ إِﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻤﻔﺴﺪون وﻟَـﻜﻦ ﻻﱠ ﻳَﺸﻌُﺮون‬ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ُُ ُْ

75 76

Al Qur'an 2:216 Al Qur'an 2:11-12

74

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Chapter 5: Benefits of Demonstrations
Bearing in mind that which has been discussed in the previous chapters of this book, we can appreciate the following: • Benefit, Interest and harm are defined by the Shari'ah and cannot be derived rationally or from desires Achieving benefit and removing harm is the objective of the Shari'ah and can only be achieved by fulfilling the commands of the Shari'ah and avoiding its prohibitions Fulfilling whatever Allah has commanded achieves Maslahah (benefit) and leaving it contains no Maslahah. Disobeying any of Allah's commands can never have Maslahah or remove harm. Demonstrations in their own right are permissible styles and means as long as the objective of it is to fulfil commands of Allah (swt) and are free from any prohibitions.

• •

Therefore we need to investigate the aims and reality of a particular demonstration to appreciate whether there is

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? any Maslahah benefit in it or not i.e. whether it fulfils any of the commands of Allah (swt) or not. We can find that an Islamic demonstration or protest could potentially contain the following benefits / commands of Allah - if so, then it is clearly a beneficial demonstration.

75

76

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

1- JIHAD OF THE TONGUE
Demonstrations and protests are often used as a peaceful method of showing dissatisfaction with ruling government policies, however it is also a good opportunity to make a public call for Jihad in the way of Allah and to fight the jihad of the tongue. The prophet (saw) said, "Make jihad (fight) against the Mushrikeen with your wealth, your bodies and your tongues"77 Demonstrations are an opportunity to fight the jihad by the tongue in ways that may well be difficult or impossible using other means. This is because it provides an environment that takes advantage of the strength of numbers and co-operation, including the following duties commanded by Allah (swt): (i) Calling for or declaring jihad When there is a lot of discussion and talk about the solution to our problems in the Muslim world, especially regarding the occupation of Muslim lands, great prominence and emphasis is given to the opinions of politicians, UN resolutions, Arab leagues, peace plans, democratic elections, interim governments, peacekeeping forces and similar man-made inventions
77 Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2504; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? but little voice is ever given to the solution and guidance found in the Qur'an and Sunnah. Demonstrations are an effective means to force the voice of Islam to prominence and declare the Islamic solution to our problems and conflicts. That is Jihad in the way of Allah. Allah (swt) says,

77

"And what is wrong with you that you fight not in the Cause of Allah, and for those weak, ill-treated and oppressed among men, women, and children, whose cry is: "Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help."78 (ii) Supporting the Deen by calling for it to prevail

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫وﻣﺎ ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻻَ ﺗُـﻘﺎﺗِﻠُﻮن ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟْﻤﺴﺘَﻀﻌﻔﲔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺟﺎل واﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎء‬ َ َ َ ‫ََ ُ ْ َ َ َ ِ َ ُ ْ ْ َ َ َ ﱢ‬ ِ ِ ِِ ِ ِ ‫واﻟْﻮﻟْﺪان اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮن رﺑـﱠﻨَﺎ أَﺧﺮﺟﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻫـﺬﻩ اﻟْﻘ ْﺮﻳَﺔ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﱂ أَﻫﻠُﻬﺎ‬ َ َ ْ ْ ْ َ َ ُ َ ِ ِ َِ َ َْ ِ ِ ِ ‫واﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﱠﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻟﱠﺪﻧﻚ وﻟِﻴًّﺎ واﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﱠﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻟﱠﺪﻧﻚ ﻧَﺼﲑا‬ َْ َ َ َ ُ َْ َ ً َ ُ

"O you who believe! If you help (in the cause of) Allah, He will help you, and make your foothold firm."79 (iii) Motivating the believers to jihad

ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا إِن ﺗَﻨﺼﺮوا اﻟﻠﱠﻪَ ﻳَﻨﺼْﻛﻢ وﻳـُﺜَﺒﱢﺖ أَﻗْﺪاﻣﻜﻢ‬ َ َ َ ْ ُ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ‫ُﺮ‬ ُُ

78 79

Al Qur'an 4:75 Al Qur'an 47:7

78

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

ِِ ِ ِ ِ ُ َ ُ‫ﻓَـﻘﺎﺗﻞ ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻻَ ﺗُﻜﻠﱠﻒ إِﻻﱠ ﻧَـﻔﺴﻚ وﺣﺮض اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﺴﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ َ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ ُ ِ ‫ْ َ َ َ َﱢ‬ ِ ِ ‫َﱡ‬ ً‫أَن ﻳَﻜﻒ ﺑَﺄْس اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮواْ واﻟﻠّﻪُ أَﺷﺪ ﺑَﺄْﺳﺎ وأَﺷﺪ ﺗَﻨﻜﻴﻼ‬ َ ً ‫ُ ﱠ َ َ َ َُ َ َ ﱡ‬
"Then fight (O Muhammad SAW) in the Cause of Allah, you are not tasked (held responsible) except for yourself, and incite the believers (to fight along with you), it may be that Allah will restrain the evil might of the disbelievers. And Allah is Stronger in Might and Stronger in punishing."80

and,

"O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Urge the believers to fight. If there are twenty steadfast persons amongst you, they will overcome two hundred, and if there be a hundred steadfast persons they will overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they (the disbelievers) are people who do not understand."81 (iv) Emboldening the Mujahideen, giving them comfort and encouragement when facing a larger enemy

ِ ِ َ َ ِْ ِ ‫ِ ﱡ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﱯ ﺣﺮض اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻘﺘَﺎل إِن ﻳَﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻋﺸﺮون‬ َ ُْ ِ ْ ُ ‫ُ ﱢ‬ َ َ ُ ِ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ْ‫ﺻﺎﺑِﺮون ﻳَـﻐﻠِﺒُﻮاْ ﻣﺌَﺘَـﲔ وإِن ﻳَﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﺌَ ٌ ﻳَـﻐﻠِﺒُﻮاْ أَﻟْﻔﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا‬ َُ َ َ َ ‫ْ َ ُ ﱢ ُ ﱢ ﺔ ْ ً ﱢ‬ ُ ‫ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻗَـﻮم ﻻﱠ ﻳَـﻔﻘﻬﻮن‬ َ َُْ ٌْ ْ ُ

80 81

Al Qur'an 4:84 Al Qur'an 8:65

‫?‪Are Demonstrations Beneficial‬‬

‫97‬

‫‪“(And remember) when Allah showed them to you as few in‬‬ ‫‪your (i.e. Muhammad's SAW) dream, if He had shown them‬‬ ‫‪to you as many, you would surely have been discouraged, and‬‬ ‫‪you would surely have disputed in making a decision. But‬‬ ‫‪Allah saved (you). Certainly, He is the All-Knower of what is‬‬ ‫28".‪in the breasts‬‬

‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫إِذ ﻳُﺮﻳﻜﻬﻢ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ِﰲ ﻣﻨَﺎﻣﻚ ﻗَﻠِﻴﻼً وﻟَﻮ أَراﻛﻬﻢ ﻛﺜِﲑا ﻟﱠﻔﺸ ْﻠﺘُﻢ وﻟَﺘَـﻨَﺎزﻋﺘُﻢ ِﰲ‬ ‫َ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َ َُ ْ َ ً َ ْ َ َْ ْ‬ ‫ْ َُُ‬ ‫ﻷ ْ ِ ﻟ ِ ﱠ ﻠ َ َ ﻠ إﻧ ُ َِ ﺑ َ ِ ﱡ ُ ِ‬ ‫ا َﻣﺮ وَـﻜﻦ اﻟ ّﻪ ﺳ ﱠﻢ ِ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻢ ِﺬات اﻟﺼﺪور )34:8(‬ ‫ٌ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ‬

‫ِ‬ ‫ْ ِ‬ ‫َِ ِ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﻓَـﻠَﻤﺎ ﻓَﺼﻞ ﻃَﺎﻟُﻮت ﺑِﺎﳉُﻨُﻮد ﻗَﺎل إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻣْﺒﺘَﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺑِﻨَـﻬﺮ ﻓَﻤﻦ ﺷﺮب ﻣْﻨﻪُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ﱠ ُ ُ ٍَ َ‬ ‫ﱠ ََ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ َ ِ‬ ‫ﻓَـﻠَْﻴﺲ ﻣﲏ وﻣﻦ ﱂْ ﻳَﻄْﻌﻤﻪُ ﻓَِﺈﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣﲏ إِﻻﱠ ﻣﻦ اﻏﺘَـﺮف ﻏُْﺮﻓَﺔً ﺑِﻴَﺪﻩ ﻓَﺸﺮﺑُﻮاْ‬ ‫ِﱢ َ ِ ْ َ َ‬ ‫َ ﱢ ََ ﱠ َ ْ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻣْﻨﻪُ إِﻻﱠ ﻗَﻠِﻴﻼً ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻓَـﻠَﻤﺎ ﺟﺎوزﻩُ ﻫﻮ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻣﻌﻪُ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ ﻻَ ﻃَﺎﻗَﺔَ ﻟَﻨَﺎ‬ ‫ﱢ ُ ْ ﱠ َ ََ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ‬ ‫َِ ﱢ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اﻟْﻴَـﻮم ﲜَﺎﻟُﻮت وﺟﻨﻮدﻩ ﻗَﺎل اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَﻈُﻨﱡﻮن أَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻣﻼَﻗُﻮ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓِﺌَﺔ‬ ‫َ ُ ﱡ‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫َ َُ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ِْ ِ‬ ‫ﻗَﻠِﻴﻠَﺔ ﻏﻠَﺒَﺖ ﻓِﺌَﺔً ﻛﺜِﲑةً ﺑِِﺈذن اﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺼﺎﺑِﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫َ ََ ﱠ ِ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َ َ‬

‫28‬

‫34:8 ‪Al Qur'an‬‬

80

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "Then when Talut (Saul) set out with the army, he said: "Verily! Allah will try you by a river. So whoever drinks thereof, he is not of me, and whoever tastes it not, he is of me, except him who takes (thereof) in the hollow of his hand." Yet, they drank thereof, all, except a few of them. So when he had crossed it (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: "We have no power this day against Jalut (Goliath) and his hosts." But those who knew with certainty that they were to meet their Lord, said: "How often a small group overcame a mighty host by Allah's Leave?" And Allah is with As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.)."83 (v) showing support for the Mujahideen Allah (swt) says,

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫إِن اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ وﻫﺎﺟﺮواْ وﺟﺎﻫﺪواْ ﺑِﺄَﻣﻮ ِِﻢ وأَﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ َ ْ ِ ُ َ ْ ‫ﱠ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ ْ َاﳍ‬ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ٍ ْ ِْ ْ ُ ُ ْ َ ِ ْ َُ ‫َ ِ َ َ ﱠ‬ ْ‫واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آوواْ وﻧَﺼﺮواْ أُوﻟَـﺌﻚ ﺑَـﻌﻀﻬﻢ أَوﻟﻴَﺎء ﺑَـﻌﺾ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ وﱂ‬ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳـُﻬﺎﺟﺮواْ ﻣﺎ ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ وﻻَﻳَﺘِﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء ﺣﱴ ﻳـُﻬﺎﺟﺮواْ وإِن اﺳﺘَﻨﺼﺮﻛﻢ‬ ْ ُ‫ﱢ َ ْ َ ﱠ َ ُ َ ْ َ ُو‬ َ ‫َ ُ َ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻓَـﻌﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺼﺮ إِﻻﱠ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻗَـﻮٍم ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ وﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻬﻢ ﻣﻴﺜَﺎق واﻟﻠّﻪُ ِﲟَﺎ‬ َ ٌ ‫ﺪ ِ َ ُ ُ ُْ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫ْ َ َ ِﲑ‬ ٌ ‫ﺗَـﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ﺑَﺼ‬

83

Al Qur'an 2:249

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Verily, those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard and fought with their property and their lives in the Cause of Allah as well as those who gave (them) asylum and help, these are (all) allies to one another. And as to those who believed but did not emigrate (to you O Muhammad SAW), you owe no duty of protection to them until they emigrate, but if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, and Allah is the All- Seer of what you do."84 And the prophet (saw) said, "Support your Muslim brother (verbally, financially, physically) whether oppressor or oppressed" (vi) declaring allegiance to the Ummah

81

‫واﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨُﻮن واﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎت ﺑَـﻌﻀﻬﻢ أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ﺑَـﻌﺾ ﻳَﺄْﻣﺮون ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف وﻳَـْﻨـﻬﻮن‬ َ ْ َ َ ِ ُْ َ َ ُُ ٍ ْ ْ ْ ُ ُ ْ ُ ِ ْ ُ َ َ ِ ْ ُ َ ِ َ َ‫ِ َ ِ ِ َ ﱠ َ ْ َ ﺰ‬ ُ‫ﻋﻦ اﻟْﻤﻨﻜﺮ وﻳُﻘﻴﻤﻮن اﻟﺼﻼَة وﻳـُﺆﺗُﻮن اﻟﻛﺎة وﻳُﻄﻴﻌُﻮن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ورﺳﻮﻟَﻪ‬ ُ ََ َ َ ‫ﱠ‬ َ ُ َ ُ َ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫أُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﺳﻴَـ ْﺮﲪُﻬﻢ اﻟﻠّﻪُ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻋﺰﻳﺰ ﺣﻜﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َ ٌَِ َُُ َ َ ْ

84

Al Qur'an 8:72

82

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "The believers, men and women, are Awliyaa' (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma'roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al- Munkar85 (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All- Mighty, All-Wise."86

"And whosoever takes Allah, His Messenger, and those who have believed, as Protectors, then the party of Allah will be the victorious."87 (vii) Declaring rejection of the enemies of the Ummah There is a massive effort by the enemies of Islam to win the hearts and minds of Muslims to support and help their war against Islam (which they name as "a war on terror"), demonstrations and protests provide a good opportunity to declare the rejection of this alliance and allegiance and show your rejection of them.

ِ ِ ِ ‫وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﺘَـﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪَ ورﺳﻮﻟَﻪُ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻓَِﺈن ﺣ ْﺰب اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻐَﺎﻟِﺒُﻮن‬ َ َ ‫َ َ َ ﱠ ََ ُ َ َ َ ﱠ‬ ُُ

ِ ََ ِ ‫أَﻋﺘَﺪﻧَﺎ إِﻧﱠﺎ أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء دوﱐ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒَﺎدي ﻳَـﺘﱠﺨﺬوا أَن ﻛﻔﺮوا اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ أَﻓَﺤﺴﺐ‬ ُِ ِ ِ ِ ُِ ْ ْْ َ َ َ ُ ِ ‫ﻧـُﺰﻻ ﻟِْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﻨﱠﻢ‬ َ َ َ َ َ ًُ
sing. Munkar pl. Munkaraat - anything that Allah has forbidden. Al Qur'an 9:71 87 Al Qur'an 5:56
85 86

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "Do then those who disbelieve think that they can take My slaves [i.e., the angels, Allah's Messengers, 'Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), etc.] as Awliyaa' (lords, gods, protectors, etc.) besides Me? Verily, We have prepared Hell as an entertainment for the disbelievers (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism)."88

83

"O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheists, etc.) as friends, showing affection towards them, while they have disbelieved in what has come to you of the truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, this Qur'an, and Muhammad SAW), and have driven out the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) and yourselves (from your homeland) because you believe in Allah your Lord! If you have come forth to strive in My Cause and to seek My Good Pleasure, (then take not these disbelievers and polytheists, etc., as your friends). You show friendship to them in secret, while I am All-Aware of what you conceal and what you reveal. And whosoever of you (Muslims) does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray, (away) from the Straight Path."89

ِ َ ُ ‫َ ِ َ َ ِ ُ َ ُ ﱢ َ ُ وُ ْ ـ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ﻻ ﺗَـﺘﱠﺨﺬوا ﻋﺪوي وﻋﺪ ﱠﻛﻢ أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ﺗُ ْﻠﻘﻮن إِﻟَْﻴﻬﻢ‬ ْ َ َ ِ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻮدة وﻗَﺪ ﻛﻔﺮوا ِﲟَﺎ ﺟﺎءﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ اﳊَﻖ ﳜْﺮﺟﻮن اﻟﺮﺳﻮل وإِﻳﱠﺎﻛﻢ أَن‬ ْ ُ َ َ ُ ‫َ ُ ﱢ َ ْ ﱢ ُ ُِ َ ﱠ‬ َُ َ ْ َ ‫َ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِْ َِ َ ‫ﺗُـﺆﻣﻨُﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﱠﻪ رﺑﱢﻜﻢ إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﺧﺮﺟﺘُﻢ ﺟﻬﺎدا ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻠِﻲ واﺑْﺘِﻐَﺎء ﻣ ْﺮﺿﺎﰐ‬ َ َ ً َ ْ ْ ََ ْ ُ ْ ُ َ ِ ِ ِ ُ‫ﺗُﺴﺮون إِﻟَْﻴﻬﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻮدة وأَﻧَﺎ أَﻋﻠَﻢ ﲟَﺎ أَﺧﻔْﻴﺘُﻢ وﻣﺎ أَﻋﻠَﻨﺘُﻢ وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﻔﻌ ْﻠﻪ‬ َ ْ ََ ْ ْ ََ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ‫ﱡ َ ِ ََﱠ‬ ِ ‫ِ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ﱠ ََ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓَـﻘﺪ ﺿﻞ ﺳﻮاء اﻟﺴﺒِﻴﻞ‬

88 89

Al Qur'an 18: 102 Al Qur'an 60:1

84

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

(viii) forbidding the enemy Muslims have a role in the jihad to warn the enemy and forbid them from fighting Muslims, prohibiting them strongly and fiercely, warning them of the consequences of entering a war against Islam the way Allah revealed warnings to them in the Qur'an.

"Whoever is an enemy to Allah, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibrael (Gabriel) and Mikael (Michael), then verily, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers."90

‫َ َ َ َ ُ ًّ ِ َ َ َ ِ َ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ ِْ َ َ ِ َ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎن ﻋﺪوا ﻟﱢﻠّﻪ وﻣﻶﺋِﻜﺘِﻪ ورﺳﻠِﻪ وﺟﱪﻳﻞ وﻣﻴﻜﺎل ﻓَِﺈن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻋﺪو‬ ‫َ ُﱞ‬ ‫ﻟﱢْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ‬ َِ َ

"The recompense of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land. That is their disgrace in this world, and a great torment is theirs in the Hereafter."91

‫إِﳕَﺎ ﺟﺰاء اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﳛَﺎرﺑُﻮن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ورﺳﻮﻟَﻪُ وﻳَﺴﻌﻮن ِﰲ اﻷَرض ﻓَﺴﺎدا أَن‬ َ ْ َ ْ َ ُ ََ َ ِ ُ َ ِ َ َ ‫ﱠ‬ ًَ ِ ْ ِ ٍ ِ ‫ﱢ‬ ِ ‫ﻳـُﻘﺘﱠـﻠُﻮاْ أَو ﻳُﺼﻠﱠﺒُﻮاْ أَو ﺗُـﻘﻄﱠﻊ أَﻳْﺪﻳﻬﻢ وأَرﺟﻠُﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼف أَو ﻳُﻨﻔﻮاْ ﻣﻦ‬ ْ ُ َُْ ِْ َ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ َْ ْ ِ ِ ِِ ‫اﻷَرض ذﻟِﻚ ﳍُﻢ ﺧ ْﺰي ِﰲ اﻟﺪﻧْـﻴَﺎ وﳍُﻢ ِﰲ اﻵﺧﺮة ﻋﺬاب ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َْ َ َ ِ ْ ْ ََ ‫ﱡ‬ ٌ َ ٌ ََ َ

90 91

Al Qur'an 2:98 Al Qur'an 5:33

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

85

ِ ِ ‫إِن اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَﻜﻔﺮون ﺑِﺂﻳَﺎت اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻳَـﻘﺘُـﻠُﻮن اﻟﻨﱠﺒِﻴﱢﲔ ﺑِﻐَﲑ ﺣﻖ وﻳَـﻘﺘُـﻠُﻮن اﻟﱢﺬﻳﻦ‬ َ ْ َ ِ ِ َ ُُ ْ َ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ َ َ ْ َ ‫َ ْ َﱟ‬ ٍ ِ‫َﺄ ُ َ ﺑ ﻟ ِ ْ ِ ِ ﻨ ِ ﻓ َ ﱢﺮُ ﺑ َ َ ٍ أ‬ (3:21) ‫ﻳ ْﻣﺮون ِﺎ ْﻘﺴﻂ ﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺎس َـﺒﺸ ﻫﻢ ِﻌﺬاب َﻟﻴﻢ‬ ْ َ ُ
"Verily! Those who disbelieve in the Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and kill the Prophets without right, and kill those men who order just dealings, ... announce to them a painful torment."92 (ix) forbidding the hypocrites from helping the enemy

"Give to the hypocrites the tidings that there is for them a painful torment. Those who take disbelievers for Awliyaa' (protectors or helpers or friends) instead of believers, do they seek honour, power and glory with them? Verily, then to Allah belongs all honour, power and glory."93 (x) demoralising the enemy

ِ ‫ﺑَﺸﺮ اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﲔ ﺑِﺄَن ﳍُﻢ ﻋﺬاﺑًﺎ أَﻟِﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً ََ ْ َ ‫ﱢِ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﺘﱠﺨﺬون اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ﻣﻦ دون اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ أَﻳَـْﺒﺘَـﻐُﻮن ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ اﻟْﻌِﺰة‬ َ‫َ ِ َ ُ ُ ﱠ‬ َ ُْ ُ ْ َِ َ َ ُ َ ِ ِ ‫ﻓَِﺈن اﻟﻌِﺰة ﻟِﻠّﻪ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ‬ ً َ َ‫ﱠ ﱠ‬

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ُ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ْ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻷَﻫﻞ اﻟْﻤﺪﻳﻨَﺔ وﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﳍُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻷَﻋﺮاب أَن ﻳَـﺘَﺨﻠﱠﻔﻮاْ ﻋﻦ رﺳﻮل‬ َ ُ َ َ ‫َ َ َ ْ ِ َ ََ ْ َ ْ َ ﱢ‬ ِِ ِ ِ ِِ َ‫اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻻَ ﻳَـ ْﺮﻏﺒُﻮاْ ﺑِﺄَﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻧـﱠﻔﺴﻪ ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻻَ ﻳُﺼﻴﺒُـﻬﻢ ﻇَﻤﺄٌ وﻻ‬ ُْ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ ُْ
92 93

Al Qur'an 3:21 Al Qur'an 4:138-139

86

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

“It does not behove the people of the [Prophet's] City and the Bedouin [who live] around them to hold back from following God's Apostle, or to care for their own selves more than for him -for, whenever they suffer from thirst or weariness or hunger in God's cause, and whenever they take any step which confounds/demoralises those who deny the truth, and whenever there comes to them from the enemy whatever may be destined for them -[whenever anything thereof comes to pass,,] a good deed is recorded in their favour. Verily, God does not fail to requite the doers of good!”94 (xi) frustrating the enemy While the Muslims were resting on the top of Mount Uhud after the battle, the leader of the Quraish, Abu Sufyan, called out to them,

ِ ِ َ َ‫ﻧَﺼﺐ وﻻَ َْﻤﺼ ٌ ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻻَ ﻳَﻄَﺆون ﻣﻮﻃﺌًﺎ ﻳَﻐِﻴﻆ اﻟْﻜ ﱠﺎر وﻻ‬ ْ َ ُ َ ِ َ ‫َ ٌ َ ﳐ َ َﺔ‬ َ َ ‫ُ ُﻔ‬ ِ ِ ‫ُ َ َ ِ ََ ٌ َ ٌ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳَـﻨَﺎﻟُﻮن ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪو ﻧـﱠﻴﻼً إِﻻﱠ ﻛﺘِﺐ ﳍُﻢ ﺑِﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺻﺎﻟِﺢ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻻَ ﻳُﻀﻴﻊ‬ ْ ‫َ ْ َ ُﱟ‬ ُ ِ ‫أَﺟﺮ اﻟْﻤﺤﺴﻨِﲔ‬ َ ْ ُ َْ

94

Al Qur'an 9:120

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “May Hubal be most glorious.” This was a celebratory cry and a taunt at the Muslims who were already feeling low at the turn of events. The Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) to defiantly respond, “Allah is the Most High, the Most Glorious.” Abu Sufyan continued to challenge the Muslims shouting out, “We have Uzza and you have no Uzza.” Again, the Prophet (peace be upon him) urged Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) to respond with a superior statement, “Allah is our Protector and you have no Protector.” Abu Sufyan’s next statement indicates that the positivity of the Muslims was wearing him down and was forced to try and show equivalence, “A day for a day. For you is Badr and to us is Uhud.” The Prophet’s (peace be upon him) response that “It is not equal. Our dead are in Paradise and your dead are in Hellfire!” (xii) angering the enemy

87

‫ﳏَﻤﺪ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠﱠﻪ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻪُ أَﺷ ﱠاء ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻜ ﱠﺎر رﲪَﺎء ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻬﻢ ﺗَـﺮاﻫﻢ‬ َ ُ ِ ‫ﱡ ﱠ ٌ ﱠ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ ﺪ َ ُﻔ‬ َُْ ُْ ِ ِ ْ ِ ِ ‫َ ًْ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻛﻌﺎ ﺳﺠﺪا ﻳَـْﺒﺘَـﻐُﻮن ﻓَﻀﻼ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ورﺿﻮاﻧًﺎ ﺳﻴﻤﺎﻫﻢ ِﰲ وﺟﻮﻫﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ً ‫رﱠ ً ُ ﱠ‬ ْ‫َ ُْ ُُ ِ ﱢ‬ َ َ َ ُ ِ ِ ِ ‫أَﺛَﺮ اﻟﺴﺠﻮد ذﻟِﻚ ﻣﺜَـﻠُﻬﻢ ِﰲ اﻟﺘﱠﻮراة وﻣﺜَـﻠُﻬﻢ ِﰲ اﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﻛﺰْع أَﺧَج‬ َ ‫ـ ْ َ َ َ ُ ْ ِْ ِ َ َرٍ ْ ﺮ‬ ُْ َ َ َ ُ ‫ِ ﱡ‬ ِ ِ ‫ﺷﻄْﺄَﻩُ ﻓَﺂزرﻩُ ﻓَﺎﺳﺘَـﻐﻠَﻆ ﻓَﺎﺳﺘَـﻮى ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺳﻮﻗِﻪ ﻳـُﻌﺠﺐ اﻟﺰراع ﻟِﻴَﻐِﻴﻆ ِِﻢ‬ َ ُ َ َ ‫ََ ْ ْ َ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ُ ﱡﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ‫اﻟْﻜ ﱠﺎر وﻋﺪ اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا وﻋﻤﻠُﻮا اﻟﺼﺎﳊَﺎت ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮة وأَﺟﺮا‬ َ َ َ َ ‫ُﻔ‬ ََ َ َ ً ْ َ ًَ ْ ‫ُ ﱠ‬ ِ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً َ

88

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "Muhammad (SAW) is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of (their) prostration (during prayers). This is their description in the Taurat (Torah). But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, it then becomes thick, and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers that He may enrage the disbelievers with them. Allah has promised those among them who believe (i.e. all those who follow Islamic Monotheism, the religion of Prophet Muhammad SAW till the Day of Resurrection) and do righteous good deeds, forgiveness and a mighty reward (i.e. Paradise)."95

ِ ِ ِ َ ِ ْ ُ ُِ ِ ‫ﻫﺎأَﻧﺘُﻢ أُوﻻء ﲢﺒﱡﻮﻧَـﻬﻢ وﻻَ ﳛﺒﱡﻮﻧَﻜﻢ وﺗُـﺆﻣﻨُﻮن ﺑِﺎﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب ﻛﻠﱢﻪ وإِذا ﻟَﻘ ﻛﻢ‬ ْ ُ‫ُ َ َ ُﻮ‬ َْ َ ُْ ُ ْ ْ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ آﻣﻨﱠﺎ وإِذا ﺧﻠَﻮاْ ﻋﻀﻮاْ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻷَﻧَﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻐَْﻴﻆ ﻗُﻞ ﻣﻮﺗُﻮاْ ﺑِﻐَْﻴﻈﻜﻢ‬ ُْ ُْ َ َ ُُ َ ‫َ َ َ َ ْ َ ﱡ‬ ِ ُ‫ﱠ َ َ ِ ﱡ‬ ‫إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ ﺑِﺬات اﻟﺼﺪور‬ ٌ

95

Al Qur'an 48:29

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Lo! You are the ones who love them but they love you not, and you believe in all the Scriptures [i.e. you believe in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), while they disbelieve in your Book, the Qur'an]. And when they meet you, they say, "We believe". But when they are alone, they bite the tips of their fingers at you in rage. Say: "Perish in your rage. Certainly, Allah knows what is in the breasts (all the secrets). "96 (xiii) Psychologically weakening the enemy The prophet (saw) said to Hassan bin Thaabit: “Fight them with your tongue O Hassan! it is harder on them than arrows on their chests.” (xiv) De-motivating the Kuffar from fighting Muslims While the disbelievers are calling upon Muslims to justify their wars and condemn their enemies from Muslims, anybody who responds for some worldly gains or salaries serves as motivation for soldiers fighting against Islam and demoralisation for Muslims. By coming out publically in solidarity and unity with their enemies, the disbelievers are the ones to be demotivated and suffer a loss in will to fight, especially if this call comes from those living among them as neighbours and citizens.
96

89

Al Qur'an 3:119

90

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

“Nay, [O believers,] you arouse in their bosoms a fear more intense than [even their fear of] God: this, because they are people who fail to grasp the truth.”97 (xv)striking fear in the hearts of the enemy The prophet (saw) said, “I have been given 5 no prophet was given before me: ... I have been given victory by (Ru’b) Fear from one month’s travelling distance."98 Allah (swt) says,

‫ﻷَﻧﺘُﻢ أَﺷﺪ رﻫﺒَﺔً ِﰲ ﺻﺪورﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَﻧﱠﻬﻢ ﻗَـﻮم ﻻ ﻳَـﻔﻘﻬﻮن‬ َ ُ َ ْ ‫ُ ُ ِِ ﱢ َ ِ َ َ ـ ُ ْ ْ ٌ ﱠ‬ َْ ‫َ ْ َ ﱡ‬

"And those of the People of the Book who aided them - Allah did take them down from their strongholds and cast terror into their hearts. (So that) some ye slew, and some ye made prisoners."99

‫وأَﻧﺰل اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻇَﺎﻫﺮوﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ أَﻫﻞ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب ﻣﻦ ﺻﻴَﺎﺻﻴﻬﻢ وﻗَﺬف ِﰲ‬ َ َ َ ْ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ ْ ْ ‫َ ََ ِ َ َ ُ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻗُـﻠُﻮِِﻢ اﻟﺮﻋﺐ ﻓَﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﺗَـﻘﺘُـﻠُﻮن وﺗَﺄْﺳﺮون ﻓَﺮﻳﻘﺎ‬ ًِ َ ُِ َ َ ْ ًِ َ ْ‫ُ ﱡ‬

ِ ْ ْ ِ ‫ُ ِ ْ ﺮ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ ْ ْ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِِ ْ ِ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ اﻟﱠﺬي أَﺧَج اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا ﻣﻦ أَﻫﻞ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب ﻣﻦ دﻳَﺎرﻫﻢ ﻷَول اﳊَﺸﺮ‬ َ ُ ِ ِ ‫ﱢ‬ ُ‫ﻣﺎ ﻇَﻨَﻨﺘُﻢ أَن ﳜْﺮﺟﻮا وﻇَﻨﱡﻮا أَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﻌﺘُـﻬﻢ ﺣﺼﻮﻧـُﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﻓَﺄَﺗَﺎﻫﻢ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ‬ َ َ َُُ ْ َ ُ ُ ُ ُْ َ ‫ُ ﱠ‬ ُُ
Al Qur'an 59:13 Saheeh Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim 99 Al Qur'an 33:26
97 98

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

91

"It is He Who got out the Unbelievers among the People of the Book from their homes at the first gathering (of the forces). Little did ye think that they would get out: And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from Allah. But the (Wrath of) Allah came to them from quarters from which they little expected (it), and cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed their dwellings by their own hands and the hands of the Believers, take warning, then, O ye with eyes (to see)!"100 (xvi) condemning their crimes
It is narrated upon the authority of Abdullah Ibn Umar (ra) that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) said: “If you see my Ummah afraid to say to the oppressors, ‘You are oppressors’ Allah will desert them."101

ِ ِ ُ َ ِ ُ ْ‫ﱡ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺣْﻴﺚ ﱂْ ﳛﺘَﺴﺒُﻮا وﻗَﺬف ِﰲ ﻗُـﻠُﻮِِﻢ اﻟﺮﻋﺐ ﳜْﺮﺑُﻮن ﺑـُﻴُﻮﺗَـﻬﻢ ﺑِﺄَﻳْﺪﻳﻬﻢ‬ َ َ َ ِ َْ َ ُ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ُ ِ َِ ْ ِ ‫وأَﻳْﺪي اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﻓَﺎﻋﺘَِﱪُوا ﻳَﺎ أُوﱄ اﻷَﺑْﺼﺎر‬ ْ َ ِْ ُ َ

(xvii) raising awareness for jihad and conflicts so the believers are never unprepared. It is the wish of the enemy to catch us unguarded and unaware, public and open demonstrations is an excellent way to remind the Muslims that they are in a state of conflict and war, that they must be ready for the struggle and that the enemy is trying to harm them,

100 101

Al Qur'an 59:2 Al-Hakim, Al-Tabarani and Musnad Imam Ahmed

92

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

“Thus, when thou art among the believers and about to lead them in prayer, let [only] part of them stand up with thee, retaining their arms. Then, after they have finished their prayer, let them provide you cover while another group, who have not yet prayed, shall come forward and pray with thee, being fully prepared against danger and retaining their arms: (for) those who are bent on denying the truth would love to see you oblivious of your arms and your equipment, so that they might fall upon you in a surprise attack. But it shall not be wrong for you to lay down your arms [while you pray] if you are troubled by rain or if you are ill; but [always] be fully prepared against danger. Verily, God has readied shameful suffering for all who deny the truth!”102 (xviii) Embarrassing the Kufr regimes

‫وإِذا ﻛﻨﺖ ﻓِﻴﻬﻢ ﻓَﺄَﻗَﻤﺖ ﳍُﻢ اﻟﺼﻼَةَ ﻓَـ ْﻠﺘَـﻘﻢ ﻃَﺂﺋِﻔ ٌ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻌﻚ‬ ‫َ َ ُ َ ِْ ْ َ َُ ﱠ‬ َ َ ‫ُ ْ َﺔ ﱢ ُ ﱠ‬ ‫ُ ِ ََ ُ ْ َ ِ َﺔ‬ ٌ ‫وﻟْﻴَﺄْﺧﺬواْ أَﺳﻠِﺤﺘَـﻬﻢ ﻓَِﺈذا ﺳﺠﺪواْ ﻓَـ ْﻠﻴَﻜﻮﻧُﻮاْ ﻣﻦ ورآﺋِﻜﻢ وﻟْﺘَﺄْت ﻃَﺂﺋِﻔ‬ َُ َ َ ُْ َ ْ ُُ َ ِ ِ ‫أُﺧﺮى ﱂْ ﻳُﺼﻠﱡﻮاْ ﻓَـ ْﻠﻴُﺼﻠﱡﻮاْ ﻣﻌﻚ وﻟْﻴَﺄْﺧﺬواْ ﺣﺬرﻫﻢ وأَﺳﻠِﺤﺘَـﻬﻢ ود اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ‬ َ َ َْ َ ‫َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ْ َُ ْ َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ‫َ َُ ْ ُْ َ َ ْ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ِ َ َ ُ ﱠ‬ ً‫ﻛﻔﺮواْ ﻟَﻮ ﺗَـﻐﻔﻠُﻮن ﻋﻦ أَﺳﻠِﺤﺘِﻜﻢ وأَﻣﺘِﻌﺘِﻜﻢ ﻓَـﻴَﻤﻴﻠُﻮن ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ ﻣْﻴـﻠَﺔ‬ ِ ‫واﺣﺪة وﻻَ ﺟﻨَﺎح ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ إِن ﻛﺎن ﺑِﻜﻢ أَذى ﻣﻦ ﻣﻄَﺮ أَو ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﻣ ْﺮﺿﻰ‬ َ ‫َ ًَ َ ُ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ً ﱢ ﱠ ٍ ْ ُ ﱠ‬ ِ‫َﱠ َ ِ ََ ﱡ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ُ ِ ْ رُ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫أَن ﺗَﻀﻌُﻮاْ أَﺳﻠِﺤﺘَﻜﻢ وﺧﺬواْ ﺣﺬﻛﻢ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ أَﻋﺪ ﻟِْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﺬاﺑًﺎ ﻣﻬﻴﻨًﺎ‬ َ َ

There is no doubt that the real enemy among the Kufr regimes is not the civilians and individuals but the rulers, leaders, politicians and their soldiers. Although
102

Al Qur'an 4:102

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? all of the enemy nations are considered as one body, Allah (swt) ordered us to focus on the authorities and leaders of these disbelieving nations. This can only be done in a public statement or action that will reach the masses and openly challenge the authority and integrity of the leadership. This is especially so when the media continuously publishes propaganda against Islam and in favour of wars against it. Demonstrations are an opportunity to display open contempt for the authority and embarrass the ruling regimes both by exposing their faults and crimes and also be exposing their weakness and opposition among their citizens.

93

"But if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with disapproval and criticism then fight (you) the leaders of disbelief (chiefs of Quraish - pagans of Makkah) for surely their oaths are nothing to them - so that they may stop (evil actions)."103

ِِ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ َ‫وإِن ﻧﱠﻜﺜُﻮاْ أَﳝَﺎﻧَـﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺪ ﻋﻬﺪﻫﻢ وﻃَﻌﻨُﻮاْ ِﰲ دﻳﻨِﻜﻢ ﻓَـﻘﺎﺗِﻠُﻮاْ أَﺋِﻤﺔ‬ َ ُْ ِ َ َ ْ َْ ْ ‫َ َ ْ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫اﻟْﻜﻔﺮ إِﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻻَ أَﳝَﺎن ﳍُﻢ ﻟَﻌﻠﱠﻬﻢ ﻳَﻨﺘَـﻬﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ُ ُِْ

103

Al Qur'an 9:12

94

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

2- COMMANDING GOOD
Allah (swt) says,

"Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma'roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful."104 (i) Raising awareness for the forgotten duty The cause (Sabab) of commanding good (Ma'roof) to become Fardh upon the people is the absence of that Ma'roof. The fact that our reality nowadays is that people have neglected and forgotten many duties that Allah has commanded us and have become busy in worldly pursuits and even sins, innovations, Kufr and man-made laws. Demonstrations give us an opportunity to create awareness for these lost duties including Jihad, Khilafah, Hudud, Hijrah105, Da'wah and other vital obligations.

ِ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ ُ ْ َ َ ُ ُ َ ِْ ْ َ َ ْ ‫َ ُ ﱢ ُ ْ ﱠ ﺔ‬ ‫وﻟْﺘَﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ أُﻣ ٌ ﻳَﺪﻋُﻮن إِﱃ اﳋَﲑ وﻳَﺄْﻣﺮون ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف وﻳَـْﻨـﻬﻮن ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤﻨﻜﺮ وأُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻤﻔﻠِﺤﻮن‬ َ ُ ُْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ َِ ُ

Al Qur'an 3:104 Hijrah is emigration, it is obligatory in Islam to emigrate from the place where you are unable to fulfill your obligations to Allah to the place where you can do so.
104 105

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Allah (swt) ordered us to warn people and order them to do the good deeds, not to remain silent,

95

ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟْﻤﺪﺛﱢﺮ, ُﻗُﻢ ﻓَﺄَﻧﺬر‬ ْ ْ ‫َ ُﱠ‬
“O Al Mudathir, rise and warn (command good and forbid evil).”106 (ii) Reminds the believers There is no doubt that the mankind forgets and needs to be reminded, even when people are aware of forgotten duties, their Imaan could weaken and they could become busy and forget their role and duties. There is no doubt that demonstrations can remind the people of what Allah has revealed and that will always benefit the believers, even if they already know the ruling,

"And remind (by preaching the Qur'an, O Muhammad SAW) for verily, the reminding benefits the believers."107 (iii) Encouraging Muslims to rise for Islam Allah (swt) requests the believers to rise up and defend his Deen, to be protectors of his laws and limits. This is not easy in a world overrun by man-made laws and
106 107

ِِْ ُ ُ َ َْ ‫َ ﱢ ﱠ ﱢ‬ ‫وذَﻛ ْﺮ ﻓَِﺈن اﻟﺬﻛﺮى ﺗَﻨﻔﻊ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﲏ‬

Al-Qur’an, Surah Al Mudathir, 74 : 1-2 Al Qur'an 51:55

96

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? oppressive tyrants, but demonstrations pushes and encourages people to be vanguards of Islam, defending the Deen from their own frontier.

“Those that turn (to Allah) in repentance: that serve Him and praise Him; that wander in devotion to the cause of Allah; that bow down and prostrate themselves in prayer; that command good and forbid evil; and observe the limits set by Allah; (these do rejoice). So proclaim the glad tidings to the Believers.”108 Nu'man bin Basheer narrated that the prophet (saw) said, "The example of the one who stands for the Deen of Allah and the one who has left it are like the people in a boat, some of whom occupy the upper deck and some occupy the lower deck. Whenever those in the lower deck need water, they have to go to the upper deck to retrieve it. So some of them said, ‘why don’t we make a hole in our deck so we do not harm the people of the upper deck?’ If the people do not stop them, they will all fall and be failures, but if they stop them they will all be saved"109 (iv) Taking Muslims away from Dunya distractions to think about Islam

‫اﻟﺘﱠﺎﺋِﺒُﻮن اﻟْﻌﺎﺑِﺪون اﳊَﺎﻣﺪون اﻟﺴﺎﺋِﺤﻮن اﻟﺮاﻛِﻌُﻮن اﻟﺴﺎﺟﺪون اﻵﻣﺮون‬ َ ُِ َ ِ ‫َ َ ُ َ ْ ِ ُ َ ﱠ ُ َ ﱠ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ُ ِ َ ْ َِ ِ َ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف واﻟﻨﱠﺎﻫﻮن ﻋﻦ اﻟْﻤﻨﻜﺮ واﳊَﺎﻓِﻈُﻮن ﳊُﺪود اﻟﻠّﻪ وﺑَﺸﺮ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ‬ َ ُْ ِ‫َ ﱢ‬ َ ُ َ ُ َ ُْ َ

108 109

Al-Qur’an, Surah Al Tauba, 9: 112 Saheeh al-Bukhari

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

97

"The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). Nay! You shall come to know! Again, Nay! You shall come to know! Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things) Verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in this world)!"110 (v) Encourages people to the Truth (Haq)

ِ ِ َ ‫ﻛﻼ ﻟَﻮ ﺗَـﻌﻠَﻤﻮن ﻋ ْﻠﻢ اﻟْﻴَﻘﻲ‬ ُ ْ ْ ‫َﱠ‬ َ ِ ‫ﻟَﺘَـﺮون اﳉَﺤﻴﻢ‬ َ ْ ‫َُ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ََْ َ ‫ﰒ‬ ‫ُﱠ ﻟَﺘَـﺮوﻧـﱠﻬﺎ ﻋﲔ اﻟْﻴَﻘﲔ‬ َُ ِ ِ َ ٍ َْ ‫ﰒ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫ُﱠ ﻟَﺘُﺴﺄَﻟُﻦ ﻳَـﻮﻣﺌِﺬ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﻌِﻴﻢ‬

‫ﻛﻼ ﺳﻮف ﺗَـﻌﻠَﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ َ َْ ‫َﱠ‬ ‫ُﱠ ﻛﻼ ﺳﻮف ﺗَـﻌﻠَﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ َ َْ ‫ﰒ َﱠ‬

‫أَﳍَﺎﻛﻢ اﻟﺘﱠﻜﺎﺛـُﺮ‬ ُ َ ُُ ْ ‫ﺣﱴ زرﰎُ اﻟْﻤﻘﺎﺑِﺮ‬ َ َ َ ُ ُْ ‫َ ﱠ‬

ِْ َ َ ‫واﻟْﻌﺼﺮ‬
110

Al Qur'an, Surah Takathur

98

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

ٍ ْ ُ ِ َ ِْ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫إِن اﻹﻧﺴﺎن ﻟَﻔﻲ ﺧﺴﺮ‬ َ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ِ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ‫إِﻻ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا وﻋﻤﻠُﻮا اﻟﺼﺎﳊَﺎت وﺗَـﻮاﺻﻮا ﺑِﺎﳊَﻖ وﺗَـﻮاﺻﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟﺼﺐ‬ ََ َ َ ْ ‫َ َ َْ ْ ﱢ َ َ َْ ﱠ‬
"By Al-'Asr (the time). Verily! Man is in loss, Except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth (i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (Al-Ma'roof which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar which Allah has forbidden), and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah's Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihad, etc.)."111 (vi) Encourages people to have perseverance (Sabr)

"... and recommend one another to perseverance (in the face of sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah's Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihad, etc.)."112 (vii) Proclaiming openly what Allah has revealed Allah (swt) ordered us to,
111 112

ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ِ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ‫إِﻻ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا وﻋﻤﻠُﻮا اﻟﺼﺎﳊَﺎت وﺗَـﻮاﺻﻮا ﺑِﺎﳊَﻖ وﺗَـﻮاﺻﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟﺼﺐ‬ ََ َ َ ْ ‫َ َ َْ ْ ﱢ َ َ َْ ﱠ‬

Al Qur'an Surah Asr Al Qur'an 103:3

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

99

“Proclaim publicly what you have been ordered and turn away from the Mushrikeen, Allah is sufficient against those who mock you.”113 (viii) Encouraging Muslims to be concerned for the affairs of the Ummah The Prophet (saw) was narrated to have said in a Hadith114 narrated by Abu Musa (ra): “The example of the unity of the Muslims is like the example of a single structure, its parts strengthening and supporting one another”115 And, "You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it,"116

ِ ‫ﻓَﺎﺻﺪع ِﲟَﺎ ﺗُـﺆﻣﺮ وأَﻋﺮض ﻋﻦ اﻟْﻤﺸﻛِﲔ‬ َ ‫ْ َ ْ ْ َُ َ ْ ِ ْ َ ِ ُ ْﺮ‬ ‫إِﻧﱠﺎ ﻛﻔْﻴـﻨَﺎك اﻟْﻤﺴﺘَـﻬﺰﺋِﲔ‬ َ ِ ْ ْ ُ َ ََ

Al-Qur’an, Surah Al Hijr, 15: 94-95 pl. Ahadith (sing. Hadith): reports transmitted through chains of narrators, usually mentioned about reports concerning the sayings, actions or consent of the prophet (saw) or his companions. 115 Saheeh al-Bukhaari and Saheeh al-Muslim 116 Saheeh al-Bukhari
113 114

100

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

3- FORBIDDING EVIL
(i) Raising awareness about the problem instead of ignoring it The cause of forbidding evil to be compulsory is the presence of the Munkar. Nowadays the evil and sin is widespread and is widely ignored by the people. Ignoring the evil in this way will lead to the destruction of the people and the punishment of Allah.

‫ِ َﱠ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ ْ َ ﱠ َ ْ ُ ﱠ‬ ‫واﺗﱠـﻘﻮاْ ﻓِْﺘـﻨَﺔً ﻻﱠ ﺗُﺼﻴﱭ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻇَﻠَﻤﻮاْ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺧﺂﺻﺔً واﻋﻠَﻤﻮاْ أَن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ُ َ ُ َِ ِ َ ‫اﻟْﻌِﻘﺎب‬
“And fear tumult or oppression, which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong: and know that Allah is strict in punishment.” 117 Verily if we consent to the sinners around us we are not free from punishment even if we ourselves refrain from the sin, Imam Qurtubi said:

117

Al-Qur’an, Surah Al Anfal, 8: 25

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Allah (swt) says “Nobody will be accounted because of the sin of another”118, when the Munkar prevails among the people, it becomes Fardh upon anyone who sees it to change it; if all of them are silent, (then) all of them are sinful; one because he did it, one because he consented to it and one because he is silent, they are all the same.”119 Allah (swt) says,

101

ِ ِ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َْ ِ ِ َُ َ َ َ ِ َ‫ﻟُﻌﻦ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮواْ ﻣﻦ ﺑَﲏ إِﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻟﺴﺎن داوود وﻋﻴﺴﻰ اﺑْﻦ ﻣ ْﺮﱘ‬ َ َ ُ ْ َ‫َِ َ ِ َ َ و‬ ُ‫ذﻟﻚ ﲟَﺎ ﻋﺼﻮا ﱠﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﻳَـﻌﺘَﺪون, ﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﻻَ ﻳَـﺘَـﻨَﺎﻫﻮن ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﺮ ﻓَـﻌﻠُﻮﻩ‬ َ ٍَ ‫َْ َ َ ﱡ‬
“The curse upon the disbelievers from Bani Israel120, who were cursed by Dawood, and Isa, ibn Maryam because they used to disobey Allah, and transgressed, they used not to forbid one another from the Munkar that they used to do, vile is what they used to do.” 121 (ii) Exposing the hypocrites who are happy with the Munkar

‫ﻟَﺒِْﺌﺲ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﻳَـﻔﻌﻠُﻮن‬ َ َْ َ َ َ

Al-Qur’an, Surah Al An’am, 6: 164 Tafseer al Qurtubi 120 Children of Israel: Israel is one of the names of the prophet Ya’qub (as) and so the Jews are often referred to as Bani Israel 121 Al-Qur’an, Surah Al Ma’idah, 5: 78-79
118 119

102

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

ِ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ َ ُ َ ُُ ٍ ْ ‫ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ ُ ْ ُ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﻮن واﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﺎت ﺑَـﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺾ ﻳَﺄْﻣﺮون ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻨﻜﺮ وﻳَـْﻨـﻬﻮن ﻋﻦ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫اﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف وﻳَـﻘﺒِﻀﻮن أَﻳْﺪﻳَـﻬﻢ ﻧَﺴﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻓَـﻨَﺴﻴَـﻬﻢ إِن اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﲔ ﻫﻢ‬ ُُ َ ُ ‫ُْ ﱠ‬ ُ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ُْ َ ‫اﻟْﻔﺎﺳﻘﻮن‬ َ ُِ َ
"The hypocrites, men and women, are from one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Ma'roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and they close their hands [from giving (spending in Allah's Cause) alms, etc.]. They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the Faasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."122 (iii) forbidding the evil The prophet (saw) said, “By the one who my soul is in His hand, clearly you must command the Ma'roof, and you must forbid the Munkar or otherwise Allah will send upon you a punishment, and you will supplicate and ask to him and he will not respond to you.” (… the Hadith continues and he (saw) quotes the above Ayah)

122

Al Qur'an 9:67

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

103

ِ ِ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َْ ِ ِ َُ َ َ َ ِ َ‫ﻟُﻌﻦ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮواْ ﻣﻦ ﺑَﲏ إِﺳﺮاﺋﻴﻞ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻟﺴﺎن داوود وﻋﻴﺴﻰ اﺑْﻦ ﻣ ْﺮﱘ‬ َ َ ُ ْ َ‫َِ َ ِ َ َ و‬ ُ‫ذﻟﻚ ﲟَﺎ ﻋﺼﻮا ﱠﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﻳَـﻌﺘَﺪون, ﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﻻَ ﻳَـﺘَـﻨَﺎﻫﻮن ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﺮ ﻓَـﻌﻠُﻮﻩ‬ َ ٍَ ‫َْ َ َ ﱡ‬ ‫ﻟَﺒِْﺌﺲ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﻳَـﻔﻌﻠُﻮن‬ َ َْ َ َ َ

“The curse upon the disbelievers from Bani Israel, who were cursed by Dawood, and Isa ibn Maryam because they used to disobey Allah, and transgressed, they used not to forbid one another from the Munkar that they used to do, vile is what they used to do.123” 124 (iv) Making the ones doing evil feel bad and think about changing The prophet (saw) used to address people indirectly by making public speeches saying "What is the matter with some people that they drink alcohol?" rather than naming the person and humiliating them. So demonstrations are a way to strongly condemn crimes and sins and allowing others committing crimes to reflect on their actions and change without to be name or humiliated directly. It will also make them feel shame if he is seen committing the crime in the future because of the public nature of demonstrations condemning evil, while the majority of media promote and glamorise sins and transgression nowadays.
123 124

Al-Qur’an, Surah Al Ma’idah, 5: 78-79 Sunan Al Tirmidhi

104

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

(v) Countering propaganda Non-Muslims and those who imitate them are active in their efforts to distort reality, change Islam and encourage Muslims to leave the upright Islamic values and integrate with western ideas and morals. Allah (swt) says,

“O you who have attained to faith! If you pay heed to some of those to whom revelation was vouchsafed aforetime, they might cause you to renounce the truth after you have come to believe [in it]. And how could you deny the truth when it is unto you that God's messages are being conveyed, and it is in your midst that His Apostle lives? But he who holds fast unto God has already been guided onto a straight way. O you who have attained to faith! Be conscious of God with all the consciousness that is due to Him, and do not allow death to overtake you ere you have surrendered yourselves unto Him.”125

ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُـﻮاْ إِن ﺗُﻄﻴﻌُﻮاْ ﻓَﺮﻳﻘﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ أُوﺗُﻮاْ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب ﻳَـﺮد ﻛﻢ‬ ُ‫ِ َ ُ ﱡو‬ َ َ َ ‫ًِ ﱢ‬ ََ َ ‫ﺑَـﻌﺪ إِﳝَﺎﻧِﻜﻢ ﻛﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ‬ َ ِ َ ْ ُ َْ ِ ‫َﻛْﻴﻒ ﺗَﻜﻔﺮون وأَﻧﺘُﻢ ﺗُـْﺘـﻠَﻰ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ آﻳَﺎت اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻓِﻴﻜﻢ رﺳﻮﻟُﻪُ وﻣﻦ‬ ََ ُ َ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ ُ َ ْ َ َ ُ ُ ْ َ َ‫و‬ ِ ٍ ِ ْ ‫ِ َْ ُِ َ ِ ٍ ﱡ‬ ‫ﻳَـﻌﺘَﺼﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠّﻪ ﻓَـﻘﺪ ﻫﺪي إِﱃ ﺻﺮاط ﻣﺴﺘَﻘﻴﻢ‬ ْ َ َ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ اﺗﱠـﻘﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﺣﻖ ﺗُـﻘﺎﺗِﻪ وﻻَ َُﻮﺗُﻦ إِﻻﱠ وأَﻧﺘُﻢ ﻣﺴﻠِﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ‫َﱠ َ ِ َ ﲤ ﱠ َ ﱡ‬ ُ َ َِ َ

125

Al Qur'an 3:100-102

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Demonstrations are a an opportunity to oppose this propaganda and present the truth to the people without compromise or distortion. For example, when the Quraish spread news about a raid by Muslims during the sacred months, they took advantage of this to spread propaganda against Islam and justify their crimes, wars and military actions against the Muslims - much like the western propaganda uses Jihad against occupation of Muslim lands to justify their crimes and war against Islam, Allah (swt) refuted them with revelation:

105

‫ْ َ َ ِ ﺸْ ِ َِْ ٍ ِ ْ ٌ ِ َ ﲑ َ َ ﱞ‬ ‫ﻳَﺴﺄَﻟُﻮﻧَﻚ ﻋﻦ اﻟ ﱠﻬﺮ اﳊَﺮام ﻗِﺘَﺎل ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻗُﻞ ﻗِﺘَﺎل ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﺒِ ٌ وﺻﺪ‬ ِِ ِِ ِ ِ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ َﻛﻔﺮ ﺑِﻪ واﻟْﻤﺴﺠﺪ اﳊَﺮام وإِﺧﺮاج أَﻫﻠِﻪ ﻣْﻨﻪُ أَﻛﺒَـﺮ‬ ْ ُ َْ َ َِْ ْ َ َ ٌ ْ ُ‫َ َ ِ و‬ ُْ ِ ِ َِ ِ ِ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟْﻔْﺘـﻨَﺔُ أَﻛﺒَـﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻘْﺘﻞ وﻻَ ﻳَـﺰاﻟُﻮن ﻳـُﻘﺎﺗِﻠُﻮﻧَﻜﻢ ﺣﱴ‬ َ َ‫ْ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ُ ِ ‫ﻳَـﺮد ﻛﻢ ﻋﻦ دﻳﻨِﻜﻢ إِن اﺳﺘَﻄَﺎﻋُﻮاْ وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﺮﺗَﺪد ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻋﻦ دﻳﻨِﻪ‬ َ ْ ُ ْ ْ ََ َ ْ ُ‫ُ ﱡو‬ ْ ْ ِِ ‫ﻓَـﻴَﻤﺖ وﻫﻮ ﻛﺎﻓِﺮ ﻓَﺄُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﺣﺒِﻄَﺖ أَﻋﻤﺎﳍُﻢ ِﰲ اﻟﺪﻧْـﻴَﺎ واﻵﺧﺮة‬ ْ ُ َ ْ ْ َ َ ْ ٌ َ َُ َ ْ ُ َ َ ‫ﱡ‬ ‫وأُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ أَﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻨﱠﺎر ﻫﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﺎﻟِﺪون‬ َ ُ َ َ ُْ ِ ُ َ ْ َ َْ

106

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "They ask thee concerning fighting in the Prohibited Month. Say: "Fighting therein is a grave (offence); but graver is it in the sight of Allah to prevent access to the path of Allah, to deny Him, to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque126, and drive out its members." Tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter. Nor will they cease fighting you until they turn you back from your faith if they can. And if any of you Turn back from their faith and die in unbelief, their works will bear no fruit in this life and in the Hereafter; they will be companions of the Fire and will abide therein."127

Masjid ul Haram: The main Masjid in Makkah within which is the Ka’bah towards which all Muslims face during their Salah. 127 Al Qur'an 2:217
126

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

107

4- SPEAKING A WORD OF TRUTH IN FRONT OF A TYRANT RULER
There is no doubt that speaking the truth in front of tyrant rulers, whether in demonstrations or otherwise, can lead to retaliation by the tyrant governments and even killing and murdering of protestors. However this type of 'harm' is nullified by the Shari'ah and will never be a cause of abandoning or prohibiting this duty. Rather it is a form of jihad, As reported by Abdullah ibn Mas'ood in Saheeh Muslim that the prophet (saw) said, “There is no Nabi that Allah sent before me, except that he had from his Ummah supporters and companions who follow his traditions and obey his order, and there will always be after them successors who differ with those who were before them, they will say what they do not do and they will do what they have not been ordered. Whoever struggles against them with his hand is a believer and whoever struggles against them with his tongue is a believer and whoever struggles against them with his heart is a believer and there is no atom of Imaan after that.”128 And Allah (swt) nullified all the harm that could occur as a result of Jihad affirming that it is beneficial even if you suffer retaliation,

128

Saheeh Muslim

108

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

"Say: If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred, the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight ... are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His Cause, then wait until Allah brings about His Decision (torment). And Allah guides not the people who are Al-Faasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."129 (i) Breaking the silence about the tyranny of the rulers Allah (swt) says:

‫ﻗُﻞ إِن ﻛﺎن آﺑَﺎ ُﻛﻢ وأَﺑْـﻨَﺂ ُﻛﻢ وإِﺧﻮاﻧُﻜﻢ وأَزواﺟﻜﻢ وﻋﺸﲑﺗُﻜﻢ وأَﻣﻮال‬ ٌ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ِ َ َ ْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ُ‫ْ َ َ ؤُ ْ َ ؤ‬ ِ ‫اﻗْـﺘَـﺮﻓْـﺘُﻤﻮﻫﺎ وﲡَﺎرٌ ﲣْﺸﻮن ﻛﺴﺎدﻫﺎ وﻣﺴﺎﻛِﻦ ﺗَـ ْﺮﺿﻮﻧـَﻬﺎ أَﺣﺐ إِﻟَْﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ َ ‫َ ُ َ َ َة َ َ ْ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ْ َ َ ﱠ ُ ﱢ‬ ِ ‫ِ ََ ُ ِ َ ِ َ ٍ َ ِ َ ُ َ ﱠ‬ َ‫اﻟﻠّﻪ ورﺳﻮﻟِﻪ وﺟﻬﺎد ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻠِﻪ ﻓَـﺘَـﺮﺑﱠﺼﻮاْ ﺣﱴ ﻳَﺄِْﰐَ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺑِﺄَﻣﺮﻩ واﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻻ‬ َ ِْ ِِ َ َ ِ ‫ﻳَـﻬﺪي اﻟْﻘﻮم اﻟْﻔﺎﺳﻘﻲ‬ ْ َْ

ِ َ َ‫ﺮ‬ ِِ ِ ‫ُ ﱢ‬ ‫وﻻَ ﺗَـْﻛﻨُﻮاْ إِﱃ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻇَﻠَﻤﻮاْ ﻓَـﺘَﻤﺴﻜﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺎر وﻣﺎ ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ُ ََ ُ ُ ُ ‫َ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ْ َ ,‫أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ُﱠ ﻻَ ﺗُﻨﺼﺮون‬ ‫ْ ﰒ‬ َ َُ
“And incline not to those who do wrong or the Fire will touch you; and ye have no protectors other than Allah nor shall ye be helped.” 130

129 130

Al Qur'an 9:24 Al-Qur’an, Surah Hud, 11: 113-117

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

109

(ii) Speak a word of truth that the ruler will actually hear The prophet (saw) was asked, "What is the greatest jihad?" he replied "A word of truth in front of a Tyrant ruler."131 and he said, "The master of martyrs is Hamza and the one who said a word of truth to a tyrant ruler and was killed for it."132 (iii) Forcing the rulers to listen instead of ignoring (al-akhez bil yadd) The prophet (saw) said: “The first defection that occurred among Bani Israel that we must be careful of is that there would be a man who was among another who was engaged in Munkar, and he said to him “Fear Allah” but the next day he did not stop to sit with him, eat with him and speak with him. Surely, by Allah, you must command good and forbid evil, and you must take the hand of the Zalim (oppressor). And expose him (from all directions) and force him to follow the truth.”133

Musnad Imam Ahmed al-Haakim 133 Hadith Saheeh, Abu Dawood, Musnad Imam Ahmad
131 132

110

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

5- SUPPORTING MUSLIMS
Supporting and solidarity with Muslims is a duty in Islam and part of the brotherhood of Islam. Allah (swt) says

“Those who believed, and adopted exile, and fought for the Faith, with their property and their persons, in the cause of Allah, as well as those who gave (them) asylum and aid,- these are (all) friends and protectors, one of another. As to those who believed but came not into exile, you owe no duty of protection to them until they come into exile; but if they seek your aid in religion, it is your duty to help them, except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance. And (remember) Allah sees all that you do.”134 (i) Raising voices to support them Abu Hurairah (ra) narrated that the Prophet (ra) said:

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫إِن اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ وﻫﺎﺟﺮواْ وﺟﺎﻫﺪواْ ﺑِﺄَﻣﻮ ِِﻢ وأَﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ َ ْ ِ ُ َ ْ ‫ﱠ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ ْ َاﳍ‬ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ٍ ْ ِْ ْ ُ ُ ْ َ ِ ْ َُ ‫َ ِ َ َ ﱠ‬ ْ‫واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آوواْ وﻧَﺼﺮواْ أُوﻟَـﺌﻚ ﺑَـﻌﻀﻬﻢ أَوﻟﻴَﺎء ﺑَـﻌﺾ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ وﱂ‬ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳـُﻬﺎﺟﺮواْ ﻣﺎ ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ وﻻَﻳَﺘِﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء ﺣﱴ ﻳـُﻬﺎﺟﺮواْ وإِن اﺳﺘَﻨﺼﺮﻛﻢ‬ ْ ُ‫ﱢ َ ْ َ ﱠ َ ُ َ ْ َ ُو‬ َ ‫َ ُ َ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻓَـﻌﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺼﺮ إِﻻﱠ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻗَـﻮٍم ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ وﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻬﻢ ﻣﻴﺜَﺎق واﻟﻠّﻪُ ِﲟَﺎ‬ َ ٌ ‫ﺪ ِ َ ُ ُ ُْ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫ْ َ َ ِﲑ‬ ٌ ‫ﺗَـﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ﺑَﺼ‬

134

al-Qur’an, Surah al-Anfaal, 8: 72

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "The believer is a mirror for the believer, and the believer is the brother of the believer. He safeguards his property for him and defends him from behind."135 (ii) Calling others to support them Demonstrations allow your call to support Muslims reach a wider audience such that other people who may be in a stronger position to help might hear your call and be encouraged to rise up in defence of the Muslims. (iii) Showing the Kuffar we support them The disbelievers might also hear your call and be deterred from their aggression because of your display of solidarity, moreover that will anger and frustrate them. Allah (swt) says,

111

ِ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻻَ ﺗَـﺘﱠﺨﺬواْ اﻟْﻴَـﻬﻮد واﻟﻨﱠﺼﺎرى أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ﺑَـﻌﻀﻬﻢ أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء‬ َ ْ ْ ُُ ْ ْ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ِ ِ ‫ْ ٍ ََ َﱠ ﱢ ُ ْ ِ ُ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺑَـﻌﺾ وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﺘَـﻮﳍُﻢ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓَِﺈﻧﱠﻪُ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻻَ ﻳَـﻬﺪي اﻟْﻘﻮم اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻟِﻤﻲ‬ ْ ََْ ِ ِ ‫ﻓَـﺘَـﺮى اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ِﰲ ﻗُـﻠُﻮِِﻢ ﻣﺮض ﻳُﺴﺎرﻋُﻮن ﻓِﻴﻬﻢ ﻳَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮن ﳔْﺸﻰ أَن ﺗُﺼﻴﺒَـﻨَﺎ‬ َ َ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ِ َ ٌ َ‫ﱠ‬ َ َ ِِ ِ ‫ٍ ﱢ‬ ‫دآﺋِﺮٌ ﻓَـﻌﺴﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪُ أَن ﻳَﺄِْﰐَ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻔْﺘﺢ أَو أَﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﻓَـﻴُﺼﺒِﺤﻮاْ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻣﺎ‬ َ َ ُ ْ ْ ْ ْ َِ َ َ ‫َ َة‬ ِِ ِ ِ ُ ‫أَﺳﺮواْ ِﰲ أَﻧْـﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻧَﺎدﻣﲔ‬ ‫َﱡ‬ َ ْ

135

Sunan Abu Dawood and al-Bukhari in Adab al-Mufrad

‫211‬

‫?‪Are Demonstrations Beneficial‬‬

‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫وﻳَـﻘﻮل اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ أَﻫـﺆﻻء اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ أَﻗْﺴﻤﻮاْ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠّﻪ ﺟﻬﺪ أَﳝَﺎ ِِﻢ إِﻧـﱠﻬﻢ‬ ‫َ ُ ُ َ َ َُ‬ ‫ََْ ْ ْ ُْ‬ ‫َ َُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻟَﻤﻌﻜﻢ ﺣﺒِﻄَﺖ أَﻋﻤﺎﳍُﻢ ﻓَﺄَﺻﺒَﺤﻮاْ ﺧﺎﺳﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ََ ُ ْ َ ْ َْ ُ ْ ْ ُ َ ِ َ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻣﻦ ﻳَـ ْﺮﺗَﺪ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻋﻦ دﻳﻨِﻪ ﻓَﺴﻮف ﻳَﺄِْﰐ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺑِﻘﻮٍم‬ ‫َ ِ َ َ َ ﱠ ِ ُ ْ َ ِ ِ َْ َ‬ ‫َْ‬ ‫ﳛﺒﱡـﻬﻢ وﳛﺒﱡﻮﻧَﻪُ أَذﻟﱠﺔ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ أَﻋﺰة ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﳚَﺎﻫﺪون ِﰲ‬ ‫ُِ ُ ْ َ ُِ ِ ٍ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ِﱠٍ َ َ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ َ‬ ‫ِ ٍ َِ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻻَ ﳜَﺎﻓُﻮن ﻟَﻮﻣﺔَ ﻵﺋﻢ ذﻟﻚ ﻓَﻀﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻳـُﺆﺗﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳَﺸﺎء واﻟﻠّﻪُ‬ ‫َ ِ َ َ َ َْ‬ ‫ْ َ َ َ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫واﺳﻊ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ‬ ‫َ ٌ َ ٌ‬

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians as Awliyaa' (friends, protectors, helpers, etc.), they are but Awliyaa' to one another. And if any amongst you takes them as Awliyaa', then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers and unjust). And you see those in whose hearts there is a disease (of hypocrisy), they hurry to their friendship, saying: "We fear lest some misfortune of a disaster may befall us." Perhaps Allah may bring a victory or a decision according to His Will. Then they will become regretful for what they have been keeping as a secret in themselves. And those who believe will say: "Are these the men (hypocrites) who swore their strongest oaths by Allah that they were with you (Muslims)?" All that they did has been in vain (because of their hypocrisy), and they have become the losers. O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the Way of Allah, and never afraid of the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower."136

113

136

Al Qur'an 5:51-54

114

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

6- DECLARING WALAA (LOVE AND ALLIANCE) FOR BELIEVERS
Indeed the Walaa' and Baraa'137 - Love and Hate for the sake of Allah is supposed to be in its origin, apparent and displayed. Demonstrations are an opportunity to display our love and unity with Muslims far away from us, whom we may never meet or contact in any other way. (i) declaring love and mercy towards Muslims

"And whosoever takes Allah, His Messenger, and those who have believed, as Protectors, then the party of Allah will be the victorious."138

ِ ِ ِ ‫وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﺘَـﻮل اﻟﻠّﻪَ ورﺳﻮﻟَﻪُ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻓَِﺈن ﺣ ْﺰب اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻐَﺎﻟِﺒُﻮن‬ َ َ ‫َ َ َ ﱠ ََ ُ َ َ َ ﱠ‬ ُُ

‫ﳏَﻤﺪ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠﱠﻪ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻪُ أَﺷ ﱠاء ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻜ ﱠﺎر رﲪَﺎء ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻬﻢ‬ َ ُ ِ ‫ﱡ ﱠ ٌ ﱠ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ ﺪ َ ُﻔ‬ ُْ

137 Baraa’, meaning disassociation and disavowal composes all forms breaking relationship and distancing ourselves, in this case from the Munkar (we must also have Baraa’ from all Taghout, Shirk and their people); it combines full hatred, animosity, keeping distance from, desertion, declining to help, disrespect, putting down, rejecting to ally with, rejecting to support etc – all this is obligatory for the Muslim to hold in his heart, sayings and actions against all the Tawagheet, Shirk, Kufr, Munkar, Kuffar, Mushrikeen etc. 138 Al Qur'an 5:56

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "Muhammad (SAW) is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves."139 (ii) Declaring alliance and humbleness towards Muslims

115

" O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the Way of Allah, and never afraid of the blame of the blamers. That is the Grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, AllKnower."140 (iii) Declaring allegiance to Allah and His Deen and distinguishing yourself from the allegiance to Taghoot There is a theme among all nations ruled by man-made law encouraging Muslims to be patriotic, to declare
139 140

‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻣﻦ ﻳَـ ْﺮﺗَﺪ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻋﻦ دﻳﻨِﻪ ﻓَﺴﻮف ﻳَﺄِْﰐ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺑِﻘﻮٍم‬ َ َْ ِ ِ َ ْ ُ ِ ‫َ ِ َ َ َ ﱠ‬ َْ ‫ﳛﺒﱡـﻬﻢ وﳛﺒﱡﻮﻧَﻪُ أَذﻟﱠﺔ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ أَﻋﺰة ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﳚَﺎﻫﺪون ِﰲ‬ َ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ َ َ ٍ‫ُِ ُ ْ َ ُِ ِ ٍ َ ُ ْ ِ َ ِﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ْ َ َِ ٍ ِ ِ ُ‫ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻻَ ﳜَﺎﻓُﻮن ﻟَﻮﻣﺔَ ﻵﺋﻢ ذﻟﻚ ﻓَﻀﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻳـُﺆﺗﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳَﺸﺎء واﻟﻠّﻪ‬ َْ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ْ ُ ِ ‫واﺳﻊ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َ ٌ َ

Al Qur'an 48:29 Al Qur'an 5: 54

116

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? allegiance to their nations, flags, kings, queens, presidents, constitutions etc. However allegiance is only for Allah exclusively and this should be apparent and clear to the Kuffar.

ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ْ‫اﻟﻠّﻪُ وِﱄ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﳜْﺮﺟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻈﱡﻠُﻤﺎت إِﱃ اﻟﻨﱡﻮر واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا‬ َُ َ َ َ ُ‫َ ﱡ َ َ ُ ُ ُ ﱢ َ َ َ ـ‬ ِ ‫أَوﻟِﻴَﺂؤﻫﻢ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻏُﻮت ﳜْﺮﺟﻮﻧَـﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﱡﻮر إِﱃ اﻟﻈﱡﻠُﻤﺎت أُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ أَﺻﺤﺎب‬ َ ِ َ ‫ُ ُ ُِ ُ ﱢ‬ ُ َْ َ ْ َ ُ ُُ ْ ‫اﻟﻨﱠﺎر ﻫﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ﺧﺎﻟِﺪون‬ َ ُ َ َ ُْ ِ
"Allah is the Wali (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Awliyaa (supporters and helpers) are Taghoot [false deities and false leaders, etc.], they bring them out from light into darkness. Those are the dwellers of the Fire, and they will abide therein forever."141

141

Al Qur'an 2:257

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

117

7- DECLARING BARAA’ FROM THE KUFFAR
Love and hate for the sake of Allah is a foundation of Islam. The prophet (saw) said, "The strongest knot of Imaan is to love for the sake of Allah and to hate for the sake of Allah."142 (i) Highlighting the enemies of Islam and declaring Baraa’ah from them

ِ ِ َ ِ َ ُ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ﻻ ﺗَـﺘﱠﺨﺬوا ﻋﺪوي وﻋﺪ ﱠﻛﻢ أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ﺗُـ ْﻠﻘﻮن إِﻟَْﻴﻬﻢ‬ َ ْ ْ ُ‫ُ َ ُ ﱢ َ َ ُ و‬ َ َ ِ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻮدة وﻗَﺪ ﻛﻔﺮوا ِﲟَﺎ ﺟﺎءﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ اﳊَﻖ ﳜْﺮﺟﻮن اﻟﺮﺳﻮل وإِﻳﱠﺎﻛﻢ أَن‬ ْ ُ َ َ ُ ‫َ ُ ﱢ َ ْ ﱢ ُ ُِ َ ﱠ‬ َُ َ ْ َ ‫َ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِْ َِ َ ‫ﺗُـﺆﻣﻨُﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﱠﻪ رﺑﱢﻜﻢ إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﺧﺮﺟﺘُﻢ ﺟﻬﺎدا ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻠِﻲ واﺑْﺘِﻐَﺎء ﻣ ْﺮﺿﺎﰐ‬ َ َ ً َ ْ ْ ََ ْ ُ ْ ُ َ ِ ِ ِ ُ‫ﺗُﺴﺮون إِﻟَْﻴﻬﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻮدة وأَﻧَﺎ أَﻋﻠَﻢ ﲟَﺎ أَﺧﻔْﻴﺘُﻢ وﻣﺎ أَﻋﻠَﻨﺘُﻢ وﻣﻦ ﻳَـﻔﻌ ْﻠﻪ‬ َ ْ ََ ْ ْ ََ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ‫ﱡ َ ِ ََﱠ‬ ِ ‫ِ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ﱠ ََ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓَـﻘﺪ ﺿﻞ ﺳﻮاء اﻟﺴﺒِﻴﻞ‬

142

Saheeh al-Bukhari

118

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheists, etc.) as friends, showing affection towards them, while they have disbelieved in what has come to you of the truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, this Qur'an, and Muhammad SAW), and have driven out the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) and yourselves (from your homeland) because you believe in Allah your Lord! If you have come forth to strive in My Cause and to seek My Good Pleasure, (then take not these disbelievers and polytheists, etc., as your friends). You show friendship to them in secret, while I am All-Aware of what you conceal and what you reveal. And whosoever of you (Muslims) does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray, (away) from the Straight Path."143 (ii) Declaring Baraa'ah from their laws and commands Demonstrations are a way of distinguishing ourselves from the laws and commands of the disbelievers and refuting the false notion that we should obey their laws,

‫ﺳﻮل ﳍُﻢ وأَﻣﻠَﻰ ﳍُﻢ‬ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ‫َﱠ‬ ِْ ْ ِ ْ ْ ُ ِ َ ‫ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ﻟِﻠﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﻫﻮا ﻣﺎ ﻧَـﺰل اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ﺳﻨُﻄﻴﻌُﻜﻢ ِﰲ ﺑَـﻌﺾ اﻷَﻣﺮ‬ َ ‫ِ َ َ ُِ َ ﱠ‬ ُْ َ َ ‫واﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ﻳَـﻌﻠَﻢ إِﺳﺮارﻫﻢ‬ ْ َُ َْ ُ ْ َ

‫إِن اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ارﺗَﺪوا ﻋﻠَﻰ أَدﺑَﺎرﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺗَـﺒَـﲔ ﳍُﻢ اﳍُﺪى اﻟ ﱠﻴﻄَﺎن‬ ُ ْ ‫ﱠ ِ َ ْ ﱡ َ ْ ِِ ﱢ ْ ِ َ ﱠ َ َ ُ ْ َ ﺸ‬

143

Al Qur'an 60:1

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Those who turn back as apostates after Guidance was clearly shown to them, - the Evil One has instigated them and busied them up with false hopes. This, because they said to those who hate what Allah has revealed, "We will obey you in part of (this) matter"; but Allah knows their (inner) secrets.”144 (iii) Declaring Baraa'ah and animosity toward Taghoot Allah (swt) said:

119

“He said: “Do you see now that which you worship, you and your fathers before you? For they are enemies to me except the Lord of the Worlds”145 (iv) Declaring Kufr in Taghoot Allah (swt) said:

‫ﱠ ُ ْ ْ ُ َ ْ َ ؤُ ْ َ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ُ ﱞ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻗَﺎل أَﻓَـﺮأَﻳْـﺘُﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﺗَـﻌﺒُﺪون, أَﻧﺘُﻢ وآﺑَﺎ ُﻛﻢ اﻷَﻗْﺪﻣﻮن, ﻓَِﺈﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻋﺪو ﱄ‬ ُ َ َ ِ ‫إِﻻ رب اﻟْﻌﺎﻟَﻤﲔ‬ َ َ ‫ﱠ َﱠ‬

ِ ِ ‫َْ َ ﺪ‬ ‫ﻻَ إِﻛﺮاﻩ ِﰲ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻗَﺪ ﺗﱠـﺒَـﲔ اﻟﺮﺷﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻐَﻲ ﻓَﻤﻦ ﻳَﻜﻔ ْﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟﻄﱠﺎﻏُﻮت‬ ُ ْ ْ َ ‫ﱠَ ﱡ ْ ُ ِ َ ﱢ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِْ ‫وﻳـُﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠّﻪ ﻓَـﻘﺪ اﺳﺘَﻤﺴﻚ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻌُْﺮوة اﻟْﻮﺛْـﻘﻰ ﻻَ اﻧﻔﺼﺎم ﳍَﺎ واﻟﻠّﻪُ ﲰﻴﻊ‬ ٌ َ َ َََ َ ََ ُ َ َ َ ْ ْ َ ‫ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َ

144 145

Al Qur'an 47: 25-26 Al Qur'an 26: 75-77

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “There is no compulsion in the Deen, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path, whoever rejects Taghoot, and believes in Allah, he has got a firm hold of the most trustworthy handhold that will never break, and Allah is the All hearing, all knowing.”146 (v) Warning others to distance themselves from the Taghoot Allah (swt) said:

“And verily we have sent among every Ummah a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (alone), and keep distance from Taghoot.” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied.”147 (vi) Prevailing animosity and hatred for them Allah (swt) said:

ِ ‫وﻟَﻘﺪ ﺑَـﻌﺜْـﻨَﺎ ِﰲ ﻛﻞ أُﻣﺔ رﺳﻮﻻً أَن اﻋﺒُﺪواْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ واﺟﺘَﻨِﺒُﻮاْ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻏُﻮت ﻓَﻤْﻨـﻬﻢ‬ ُ ْ ِ ُ ‫ُ ﱢ ﱠٍ ﱠ‬ ْ َ ُ َ َ َْ َ ِ ِ ْ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻫﺪى اﻟﻠّﻪُ وﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣ ﱠﺖ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻪ اﻟ ﱠﻼﻟَﺔُ ﻓَﺴﲑُواْ ِﰲ اﻷَرض‬ ‫َِ ُ ﱠ ْ َﻘ ْ َ ِ ﻀ‬ ََ ْ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓَﺎﻧﻈُﺮواْ ﻛْﻴﻒ ﻛﺎن ﻋﺎﻗِﺒَﺔُ اﻟْﻤﻜﺬﺑِﲔ‬ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ‫ُ َﱢ‬

146 147

Al Qur'an 2: 256 Al Qur'an 16:36

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

121

“Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim and those with him, when they said to their people: “Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah: we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you hostility and hatred forever until you believe in Allah alone.” …”148

ِِ ‫ﻗَﺪ ﻛﺎﻧَﺖ ﻟَﻜﻢ أُﺳﻮٌ ﺣﺴﻨَ ٌ ِﰲ إِﺑْـﺮاﻫﻴﻢ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻪُ إِذ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ﻟِﻘﻮﻣﻬﻢ إِﻧﱠﺎ‬ ْ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ‫ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ْ َة َ َ ﺔ‬ ْ َْ ‫ﺑـُﺮاء ﻣﻨﻜﻢ وِﳑﱠﺎ ﺗَـﻌﺒُﺪون ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﻛﻔ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ﺑِﻜﻢ وﺑَﺪا ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻨَﺎ وﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ‬ َ َ ْ ُ ََ ِ ِ ُ ِ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ِ َ ُُ َ ِْ‫ً ﱠ ـ‬ ََْ ِ َ ْ َ َ ََ ُ‫اﻟْﻌﺪاوةُ واﻟْﺒَـﻐﻀﺎء أَﺑَﺪا ﺣﱴ ﺗُﺆﻣﻨُﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﱠﻪ وﺣﺪﻩ‬ َ

148

Al Qur'an 60: 4

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

8- PREVAILING THE DEEN
Hamad Ibn Atiq (d1301AH) said: “Here the issue of one living his Deen openly will be mentioned. Most people fall into a great mistake by deeming that one can live with the Mushrik and Murtad (apostate society) if he can utter the Kalimah149 of Shahadah, pray his 5 daily prayers, if he is not prohibited to go to the Masjid and the Jama'ah. As known, Kufr has types and divisions. Some of these had been mentioned in the previous pages. Each Kafir group has a wide spread type of Kufr during their own era. Without rejecting all of these wide spread types of Kufr a Muslim will not be living his Din. While declaring the enmity towards the Kuffar openly, the Muslim individual must cut his relations with them. If the society which he lives in is in Shirk, the duty of a Muslim is declaring Tawheed openly before them, prohibiting them from Shirk while making the necessary warning keeping distant from them.
The Kalima is the word to which one testifies in order to enter into the fold of Islam, it reads Laa ilaaha illallah Muhammadan Rasulullah meaning that “There is none worthy to be worshipped, obeyed or followed in truth except for Allah and that Muhammad (saw) is the Messenger of Allah.” The Sahabah used to repeat it many times everyday and used to teach others to do the same out of fear from making Kufr or Shirk in Allah, in case we became Kafir without to know – this is particularly pertinent advice nowadays when many people do not even know what Kufr or Shirk is! Verily it is one of the signs of the hour mentioned by the prophet (saw) that people will wake up Muslim and go to bed Kafir, highlighting the ease in which we may become disbelievers without to know.
149

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

123

If the society which he is in, is a society of Kufr which rejects the prophethood, what must be done in such situation is to openly state that Rasulullah150 (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) is a messenger of Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) and it is necessary to submit to him. If their Kufr is abandoning Salah, (the duty should be) while praying Salah in the society commanding them to pray Salah. If they are in Kufr due to showing friendship towards the Mushrik and submitting to them, (he) should show enmity towards them and cut ties with them. In summary: Unless an individual lives his Din openly with the Kuffar he lives with, until he cuts his relationship with them he will not be considered to be living his Din. It is because it is a must for him to keep distant from things which may cause his Kufr while openly establishing his enmity towards them. For this reason the Mushrik would say the following regarding Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam): “He condemns our religion, mocks our intellect, talks against our deities.!” Allah (azza wa jall) commands:

150

i.e. Messenger of Allah

124

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

ِِ ‫ُ ُ ْ َ ﱟ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻗُﻞ ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﺎس إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ِﰲ ﺷﻚ ﻣﻦ دﻳﲏ ﻓَﻼَ أَﻋﺒُﺪ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﺗَـﻌﺒُﺪون‬ َ ُْ َِ ُْ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠّﻪ وﻟَـﻜﻦ أَﻋﺒُﺪ اﻟﻠّﻪَ اﻟﱠﺬي ﻳَـﺘَـﻮﻓﱠﺎﻛﻢ وأُﻣ ْﺮت أَن أَﻛﻮن ﻣﻦ‬ ُ ْ ِْ َ ِ ِ ُ ِ َ َ ُ ْ ُ َ ُْ َ ِ ‫اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ‬ َ ُْ ِ ‫وأَن أَﻗِﻢ وﺟﻬﻚ ﻟِﻠ ﱢﻳﻦ ﺣﻨِﻴﻔﺎ وﻻَ ﺗَﻜﻮﻧَﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤﺸﻛِﻲ‬ ‫َ ْ ْ َ ْ َ َ ﺪ ِ َ ً َ ُ ﱠ ِ َ ُ ْﺮ‬ ِ ِ ِ ْ ‫وﻻَ ﺗَﺪعُ ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻻَ ﻳَﻨﻔﻌُﻚ وﻻَ ﻳَﻀﺮك ﻓَِﺈن ﻓَـﻌ ْﻠﺖ ﻓَِﺈﻧﱠﻚ إِذا ﻣﻦ‬ َ ‫َ َ َ ُﱡ‬ ُ َ َ َ‫َ َ َ ً ﱢ‬ ِ ‫اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻟِﻤﻲ‬
“Say: O ye men! If ye are in doubt as to my religion, (behold!) I worship not what ye worship, other than Allah! But I worship Allah; Who will take your souls (at death): I am commanded to be (in the ranks) of the Believers. And further (thus): set thy face towards religion with true piety, and never in any wise be of the Unbelievers; Nor call on any, other than Allah; Such will neither profit thee nor hurt thee: if thou dost, behold! thou shall certainly be of those who do wrong.”151 Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) commanded Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) to say: “O People! If you have doubts regarding the Din I am upon, know that I am distant from the false religion which you are upon, I have no connections with your religion. It is because my Rabb commanded me to be among the Mu'minun and turn away from the Mushrik.” Allah (Jalla Jalaluhu) commands:

151

Al Qur'an 10:104-106

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

125

“Say: O ye that reject Faith! I worship not that which ye worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship. And I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship. To you be your Way, and to me mine.”152 Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) commanded Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) to declare: I have no connections with the religion which you are still upon. I am distant from that religion. You too are distant from the religion which I am upon. Here the main point which is implied is: declaring their (the Mushrik) being upon Kufr. Being distant from the Kuffar and their religion should be openly mentioned. Whoever submits to Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam), must utter this. His revealing his Din openly is bound upon this act. The Sahabah of Rasulullah
152

‫ﻻ أَﻋﺒُﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺗَـﻌﺒُﺪون‬ َ ُْ َُْ َ ‫وﻻ أَﻧﺘُﻢ ﻋﺎﺑِﺪون ﻣﺎ أَﻋﺒُﺪ‬ ُ ْ َ َ ُ َ ْ ََ ‫وﻻ أَﻧَﺎ ﻋﺎﺑِﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻋﺒَﺪﰎ‬ ْ‫ََ َ ٌ ﱠ َ ﱡ‬ ‫وﻻ أَﻧﺘُﻢ ﻋﺎﺑِﺪون ﻣﺎ أَﻋﺒُﺪ‬ ُ ْ َ َ ُ َ ْ ََ ِ ِ َ َ ُْ ِ ُْ ‫ﻟَﻜﻢ دﻳﻨُﻜﻢ وِﱄ دﻳﻦ‬

‫ﻗُﻞ ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮون‬ َ ُ َ َ ْ

Al Qur'an 109:1-6

126

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) had been subjected to torture and Zulm by the Mushrikeen due to acting according this. For this reason Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) gave permission to his companions to make Hijrah to Abyssinia. If there was a permit153 regarding being silent towards the Mushrikeen, he (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) would not have commanded them to make Hijrah to a place which they have no knowledge of. As it is mentioned in the sources of Siyar; when the people of Yamama became Murtad, Khalid Ibn Waleed (radiyallahu anh) sent them 200 riders as banner bearer and commanded them stating: Catch whoever among the people you come across. The riders caught 23 people with Makkah. When Makkah reached Khalid, he told him: O Khalid! You also know that I went to Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) when he was alive and I gave Bay'ah and today I am still upon the same thing I was upon yesterday. Musaylimah occurred from my tribe however Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala) commands:
153 A Rukhsah is only a divine permit from the legislator to leave the original command (Al Azimah) or ruling at specific times and circumstances, e.g. under duress there may be a permit to do something ordinarily Haram or even Kufr as long as your heart is full of Imaan; outside of duress however, you cannot take this Rukhsah despite any amount of temptation or inclination (to that act) and regardless of however much your heart is full of Imaan – and Imaan is in the heart, sayings and actions together. Another example is where the Azimah is to pray four units (Rak’ah) for Salatul Zuhr and the permit (Al Rukhsah) is to pray only two Rak’ah if you are on a long journey (i.e. Safar).

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

127

“…Every soul draws the meed of its acts on none but itself…”154 Upon this Khalid (radiyallahu anh) told him: O Makkah! Today you left that which you were upon yesterday. Although you were the most respectful person of your people with keeping silent you show consent to the doings of this liar. You are only saying these because you learned I have arrived. You accepted Musaylimah and whatever he brought by keeping silent. This will never be an excuse for you. You spoke whatever you need to speak. Samama and Yashkuri also spoke; but it is not accepted from them. If you say: I fear for my tribe, in this situation would not you come to me or sent a messenger to me? Therefore Makkah said: O Ibn Mughira! Won’t you forgive all these? Khalid (radiyallahu anh) told him: Even if I pardon your life I will not be freeing you. All of these show that, the person who lives in the land of Kufr; if he can live his religion openly, if he can utter that they are Kuffar without any fear, if he can cut his relationship with them and if he can exclaim that they are his enemies then he will be one who protects his Din.
154

ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻛﻞ ﻧَـﻔﺲ إِﻻﱠ ﻋﻠَْﻴـﻬﺎ وﻻَ ﺗَﺰر وازرٌ وزر أُﺧﺮى‬ َ ْ َ ْ ‫ُ ﱡ ْ ٍ َ َ َ ُ َ َة‬

Al Qur'an 6:164

128

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? If he cannot do these, then he will not be accepted as one who openly lives his Din.”155 And in ad-Durar as-Saniyyah, the two sons of Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Abdi'l-Wahhaab said: “…and the openly displaying of one’s religion is to declare them (the disbelievers) to be disbelievers (Takfeer) and to point out the faults of their religion, and to insult them, and to disassociate from them, and to protect oneself from becoming close to them and leaning towards them, and to avoid them. Simply performing the prayers is not considered displaying of one’s religion, and the saying of one that: 'We avoid them when we are in prayer and we do not eat their slaughtered meats’ is good, but it is not enough on its own to fulfil the open display of the religion. Rather, there is no option but what has been mentioned above." And Sheikh Hamad Ibn Atiq said: And what is intended (by display of the religion) is the clear demonstration by continuous hostility and hatred towards the one who does not single out His Lord, so whoever fulfils this with knowledge and action, and clearly demonstrates this until the people of his land are aware of this from him, then Hijrah (emigration) is not an obligation upon him from whatever land he is in. And as for the one who is not like this -rather, he assumes that if he is left to pray and fast and perform pilgrimage, then he is no longer obligated to migrate– then this ignorance of the religion,
155

Sabil an-Najat Wa'l-Fikak

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? and heedlessness of the essence of the message of the Messengers. For the lands, if the judgment in them is for the people of falsehood, the worshipers of graves, the consumers of alcohol and the gamblers, then they are not satisfied except with the rituals of polytheism and the judgments of the Tawagheet. And every place where this is the case, then there is no doubt for the one who has the slightest familiarity of the Book and Sunnah that its people are upon other than what Rasulullah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) was upon.”156 It is said: "If a person is not able to practice his religion openly or he fears persecution, then it is obligatory for him to migrate, whether man or woman, even if she does not have a Mahram (if they are able to migrate), because Allah says:

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“Verily, as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves they will say "what was your situation?" they will say "We were weak and oppressed in the earth" so they [angels] will say "was the earth of Allah not spacious enough for you to make Hijrah in?" Their abode will be hellfire and that is the most evil destination.”157

ِ ِِ ‫إِن اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﺗَـﻮﻓﱠﺎﻫﻢ اﻟْﻤﻶﺋِﻜﺔُ ﻇَﺎﻟِﻤﻲ أَﻧْـﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ ﻓِﻴﻢ ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ ﻛﻨﱠﺎ‬ َ َ ُُ َ َ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ُ ْ َُ ْ ُ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻣﺴﺘَﻀﻌﻔﲔ ِﰲ اﻷَرض ﻗَﺎﻟْﻮاْ أَﱂْ ﺗَﻜﻦ أَرض اﻟﻠّﻪ واﺳﻌﺔً ﻓَـﺘُـﻬﺎﺟﺮواْ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ‬ َ َْ ْ ُ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ ْ ُْ َ َ ِ ْ ِ ‫ﻓَﺄُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﻣﺄْواﻫﻢ ﺟﻬﻨﱠﻢ وﺳﺎءت ﻣﺼﲑا‬ ً َ ْ َ َ ُ ََ ْ ُ َ َ َ ْ

156 157

ad-Durar as-Saniyyah, 5/413-418 Al Qur'an 4:97

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? And because of the report narrated by Abu Dawood and others (according to which Rasulullah said): “I disavow every Muslim who stays among the Mushrikeen (polytheists, those who associate others with Allah).”158

158

Mughni al-Muhtaaj, 6/54

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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9- ESTABLISHING THE HUJJAH
Allah (swt) sent the messenger as a warner to the people to convey the message from Allah (swt), thereby establishing the proof against them on the day of judgement. The Hujjah is the binding proof and argument based on the revelation that has no excuse or refutation on the day of judgement to save them from punishment.

"Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers. And Allah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise."159 (i) Establishing the Hujjah against the society Establishing the Hujjah is the duty of Ummah of Muhammad (saw) after him and he ordered us to "Convey on behalf of me even one verse." And Allah (swt) told us that it is the role of the believers to establish the Deen and the Hujjah in the earth

ِِ ِ ُ ‫ِ ُ ﱠﺔ ْ َ ﱡ‬ ‫رﺳﻼً ﻣﺒَﺸﺮﻳﻦ وﻣﻨﺬرﻳﻦ ﻟِﺌَﻼﱠ ﻳَﻜﻮن ﻟِﻠﻨﱠﺎس ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺣﺠ ٌ ﺑَـﻌﺪ اﻟﺮﺳﻞ‬ َ ِ َ ُ َ َُ َ ِ‫ﱡ ُ ﱡ ﱢ‬ ِ ‫َﻛﺎن اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻋﺰﻳﺰا ﺣﻜﻴﻤﺎ‬ َ َ‫و‬ ً َ ً َِ

159

Al Qur'an 4:165

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"Allah has promised those among you who believe, and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession to (the present rulers) in the earth, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practise their religion, that which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieved after this, they are the Faasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."160 (ii) Making sure they heard the truth prevails even if they hate it.

ِ ِ ِ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ُ ِ ِ ْْ ‫وﻋﺪ اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ﻣﻨﻜﻢ وﻋﻤﻠُﻮا اﻟﺼﺎﳊَﺎت ﻟَﻴَﺴﺘَﺨﻠِﻔﻨﱠﻬﻢ ِﰲ اﻷَرض‬ ََ َ ََ ْ ُ‫ْ ْ َ ـ‬ َ َ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ اﺳﺘَﺨﻠَﻒ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗَـْﺒﻠِﻬﻢ وﻟَﻴُﻤﻜﻨَﻦ ﳍُﻢ دﻳﻨَـﻬﻢ اﻟﱠﺬي ارﺗَﻀﻰ ﳍُﻢ‬ َْ َ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ََ ُُ َْ ‫ْ َ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫وﻟَﻴُﺒَﺪﻟَﻨﱠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺪ ﺧﻮﻓِﻬﻢ أَﻣﻨًﺎ ﻳَـﻌﺒُﺪوﻧَﲏ ﻻ ﻳُﺸﻛﻮن ِﰊ ﺷْﻴﺌًﺎ وﻣﻦ ﻛﻔﺮ‬ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ‫َ ﱢ ـ ُ ﱢ ْ َ ْ ْ ْ ْ ُ ِ َ ْ ﺮ‬ ‫ﺑَـﻌﺪ ذﻟِﻚ ﻓَﺄُوﻟَﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻔﺎﺳﻘﻮن‬ َ ُ ِ َ ُ ُ َ ْ َ َ َْ

ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳُﺮﻳﺪون أَن ﻳُﻄْﻔﺆواْ ﻧُﻮر اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺑِﺄَﻓْـﻮاﻫﻬﻢ وﻳَﺄْﰉ اﻟﻠّﻪُ إِﻻﱠ أَن ﻳُﺘِﻢ ﻧُﻮرﻩُ وﻟَﻮ ﻛﺮﻩ‬ َ ُِ َ َ ِْ َ َِ َ ْ َ َ ‫ﱠ‬ َ ُ ‫اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮون‬ َ ُ َ

160

Al Qur'an 24:55

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allah's Light (with which Muhammad SAW has been sent - Islamic Monotheism) with their mouths, but Allah will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the Kafiroon (disbelievers) hate (it)."161

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161

Al Qur'an 9:32

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10- COOPERATING IN THE GOOD DEED
Allah (swt) encouraged the believers to work together collectively, especially during times of war.

"and fight against the Mushrikeen (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively, as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allah is with those who are Al-Muttaqeen"162 (i) Cooperation in good deeds

ِ ‫وﻗَﺎﺗِﻠُﻮاْ اﻟْﻤﺸﻛِﲔ ﻛﺂﻓﱠﺔً ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳـُﻘﺎﺗِﻠُﻮﻧَﻜﻢ ﻛﺂﻓﱠﺔً واﻋﻠَﻤﻮاْ أَن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻣﻊ‬ َ َ ‫ُ ْﺮ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ُ ﱠ‬ َ ِ ‫اﻟْﻤﺘﱠﻘﲔ‬ َ ُ

"Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment." [EMQ 5:2] (ii) Working in Jama'ah - Joining together with Muslims and appointing an Ameer

ُ َ ِ َ ْ َ ِْ ِ َ َ َ َ َ ْ َ ‫َ َ َ َ ﱢ‬ َ‫وﺗَـﻌﺎوﻧُﻮاْ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﱪ واﻟﺘﱠـﻘﻮى وﻻَ ﺗَـﻌﺎوﻧُﻮاْ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻹﰒ واﻟْﻌُﺪوان واﺗﱠـﻘﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ ِ َ ُ َِ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ اﻟْﻌِﻘﺎب‬

162

Al Qur'an 9:36

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?
Allah (swt) said,

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“Let there rise from among you groups, that call to the Khair (Islam), that command good and forbid evil, and they are the successful.”163 Imam Tabari said about this verse, "Ummah means Jama'ah"164 Working in Jama'ah means cooperating in good deeds and appointing a leader for that action. The prophet (saw) said, "It is not permissible for three in my Ummah to be together in one place except if they appoint an Ameer among them."

ِ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ ُ ْ َ َ ُ ُ َ ِْ ْ َ َ ْ ‫َ ُ ﱢ ُ ْ ﱠ ﺔ‬ ‫وﻟْﺘَﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ أُﻣ ٌ ﻳَﺪﻋُﻮن إِﱃ اﳋَﲑ وﻳَﺄْﻣﺮون ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف وﻳَـْﻨـﻬﻮن ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤﻨﻜﺮ وأُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻤﻔﻠِﺤﻮن‬ َ ُ ُْ ُ ُ َ ْ َ َِ ُ

163 164

Al-Qur’an, Surah ale-Imraan, 3: 104 Tafseer Al Tabari

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Chapter 6: Harm of Demonstrations
As we have proven already in the book, removing Mafsadah (harm) is the objective of the Shari'ah and harm occurs whenever the laws of Allah are disobeyed. There are a number of prohibited actions that many people engage in during demonstrations nowadays that we can highlight. If a demonstration contains these things, it will no doubt be harmful and if the protestors cannot be correct, it would be better not to attend such a demonstration.

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1- BID'AH
There are occasions when people gather in large demonstrations or processions in support or celebration of the Birthday of the prophet (saw), to celebrate laylatul Baraa'ah and other religious events that are not sanctioned by the Qur'an and Sunnah. If the purpose of the demonstration was to participate in this type of innovated ritual, it is prohibited to attend this type of demonstration. ‘Aisha narrated the Prophet (saw) said: "Whoever does any deed not based on our teaching, it is rejected (and sin)"165 The Prophet (saw) said: "… Follow my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs after me (his companions) and hold onto them with your teeth, and be careful from the new matters, every new matter is an innovation (Bid’ah) and every Bid’ah is misguidance and every misguidance is in hellfire."166

165 166

Saheeh al-Bukhari Saheeh al-Bukhari vol13, p149

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

2- MUSIC
Another common sin that many non-muslim commit during demonstrations, which many Muslims have started to imitate is to use musical instruments to make noise and entertainment during protests. This is prohibited in Islam and causes great harm. Allah (swt) says,

“But among men there is many a one that prefers a mere play with words [to divine guidance], so as to lead [those] without knowledge astray from the path of Allah, and to turn it to ridicule: for such there is shameful suffering in store.”167 This verse was revealed about a man from Quraish who used to follow the Prophet (saw) and tell stories to the people, using singing girls and music, to distract the people from the preaching of the Prophet (saw), and Allah (swt) dispraised him and prohibited music. It is also narrated by Abu 'Amir or Abu Maalik Al-Ash'ari: that he heard the Prophet saying,

ِ ٍ ِ ِْ ِ ِ َ َ ‫ِ َ ْ َِ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ ﱠ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺎس ﻣﻦ ﻳَﺸﱰي ﳍْﻮ اﳊَﺪﻳﺚ ﻟِﻴُﻀﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﺑِﻐَﲑ ﻋ ْﻠﻢ‬ َ َ َ ِ ‫وﻳَـﺘﱠﺨﺬﻫﺎ ﻫﺰوا أُوﻟَﺌِﻚ ﳍُﻢ ﻋﺬاب ﻣﻬﲔ‬ ٌ ِ‫َ َ ْ ََ ٌ ﱡ‬ ًُ ُ َ َ َ

167

al-Qur’an, Surah Luqmaan, 31:6

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "From among my followers there will be some people who will consider illegal sexual intercourse, the wearing of silk, the drinking of alcoholic drinks and the use of musical instruments, as lawful. And there will be some people who will stay near the side of a mountain and in the evening their shepherd will come to them with their sheep and ask them for something, but they will say to him, 'Return to us tomorrow.' Allah will destroy them during the night and will let the mountain fall on them, and He will transform the rest of them into monkeys and pigs and they will remain so till the Day of Resurrection."168

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168

Saheeh al-Bukhari

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

3- UNCOVERING AWRAH
Another mistake and harmful form of protest or demonstration is that many men and women come out publicly in the streets without to properly cover themselves. This is prohibited in Islam and men and women are obliged to cover their 'Awrah169 appropriately in public. Allah (swt) says:

ِ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ ﺑَﲏ آدم ﻗَﺪ أَﻧﺰﻟْﻨَﺎ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ ﻟِﺒَﺎﺳﺎ ﻳـُﻮاري ﺳﻮءَاﺗِﻜﻢ ورﻳﺸﺎ وﻟِﺒَﺎس‬ ُ َ ً َ ْ ُ َْ َ ً ْ ُ َ َ ْ ََ ِ ‫اﻟﺘﱠـﻘﻮى ذﻟِﻚ ﺧْﻴـﺮ ذﻟِﻚ ﻣﻦ آﻳَﺎت اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻟَﻌﻠﱠﻬﻢ ﻳَﺬﻛﺮون‬ َ ُ‫ْ َ َ َ َ َ ٌ َ َ ِ ْ ِ ِ َ ُ ْ ﱠ ﱠ‬
"O children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover yourselves (screen your private parts) and as an adornment; and the raiment of righteousness, that is better. That is from the signs of Allah so that you may remember."170 Men must cover at least from their navel to their knees with loose clothing that does not expose the shape of their body.

169 sing. Awrah (pl. Awraat): the private parts that are forbidden in Islam to look at or to reveal in front of another. 170 al-Qur’an, Surah al-A’raaf, 7: 26

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Women must cover everything of their body and wear a Khimar (headscarf) to cover their hear, neck and chest as well as a Jilbaab (loose fitting barrel shape garment) over their clothes covering from their neck to their feet. The only thing permitted for them to display in public according to most opinions is their face and hands, though this does not mean it is better to display it. Allah (swt) says,

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"O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (Jilbaab) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."171 What is worse is the use of dazzling make-up by women who display their beauty to foreign men and sometimes wearing perfume in public that can be smelt by strangers. Allah (swt) says,

ِ ِ ‫ِﱠ‬ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﱯ ﻗُﻞ ﻷَزواﺟﻚ وﺑَـﻨَﺎﺗِﻚ وﻧِﺴﺎء اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﻳُﺪﻧِﲔ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻦ ﻣﻦ‬ َ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َْ ‫َ ِ ﱡ ﱢ‬ ِ ‫ﺟﻼﺑِﻴﺒِﻬﻦ ذﻟِﻚ أَدﱏ أَن ﻳـُﻌﺮﻓْﻦ ﻓَﻼ ﻳـُﺆذﻳْﻦ َﻛﺎن اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ﻏﻔﻮرا رﺣﻴﻤﺎ‬ َ َ‫ْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ و‬ َ ْ َ َ ‫ََ ِ ﱠ‬ ً ‫َُ ً ﱠ‬

‫ُ ْ ِ َ ﱡ ِ ْ َ ِِ ْ َ َْ َ ُ َ ُ ْ َ َ َزَ َ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻗُﻞ ﻟﱢْﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﻳَـﻐُﻀﻮا ﻣﻦ أَﺑْﺼﺎرﻫﻢ وﳛﻔﻈُﻮا ﻓُـﺮوﺟﻬﻢ ذﻟِﻚ أﻛﻰ ﳍُﻢ إِن‬ ْ ‫َﲑ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﱠﻪَ ﺧﺒِ ٌ ِﲟَﺎ ﻳَﺼﻨَـﻌُﻮن‬ َ ْ
Al Qur'an 33:59

171

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ِ َ ‫ﱠ‬ ِِ ِ ِ ِ ‫وﻗُﻞ ﻟﱢْﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎت ﻳَـﻐﻀﻀﻦ ﻣﻦ أَﺑْﺼﺎرﻫﻦ وﳛﻔﻈْﻦ ﻓُـﺮوﺟﻬﻦ وﻻ ﻳـُْﺒﺪﻳﻦ‬ ُْ َ َ ُ َ ُ َ َ َْ َ ‫ْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ﱠ‬ َ ِ َ ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫زﻳﻨَﺘَـﻬﻦ إِﻻ ﻣﺎ ﻇَﻬﺮ ﻣْﻨـﻬﺎ وﻟْﻴَﻀﺮﺑْﻦ ﲞُﻤﺮﻫﻦ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﺟﻴُﻮِِﻦ وﻻ ﻳـُْﺒﺪﻳﻦ‬ ُ َ ‫ِ ُ ﱠ ﱠ َ ََ َ َ ْ ِ َ ُ ِ ﱠ‬ َ َ ‫ِ ُﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫زﻳﻨَﺘَـﻬﻦ إِﻻ ﻟِﺒُـﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬﻦ أَو آﺑَﺎﺋِﻬﻦ أَو آﺑَﺎء ﺑـُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬﻦ أَو أَﺑْـﻨَﺎﺋِﻬﻦ أَو أَﺑْـﻨَﺎء‬ ْ ‫ِﱠ ْ ِﱠ‬ ْ ‫ِﱠ ْ ِﱠ‬ ‫ﺑـُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬﻦ أَو إِﺧﻮا ِِﻦ أَو ﺑَﲏ إِﺧﻮا ِِﻦ أَو ﺑَﲏ أَﺧﻮا ِِﻦ أَو ﻧِﺴﺎﺋِﻬﻦ أَو ﻣﺎ‬ َ ْ ‫ِ ﱠ ْ َْ ﱠ ْ ِ َْ ﱠ ْ ِ ََ ﱠ ْ َ ِ ﱠ‬ ِ ِِ ِ ِ ِ ‫َ َ ْ ْ ُﱠ‬ ‫ﻣﻠَﻜﺖ أَﳝَﺎﻧـُﻬﻦ أَو اﻟﺘﱠﺎﺑِﻌِﲔ ﻏﲑ أُوِﱄ اﻹرﺑَﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺟﺎل أَو اﻟﻄﱢﻔﻞ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ‬ َ ِ ْ ِ َ ‫َ َ ْ ْ ِْ ْ َ ﱢ‬ ِ ِ ُِ ‫ﱂْ ﻳَﻈْﻬﺮوا ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻋﻮرات اﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎء وﻻ ﻳَﻀﺮﺑْﻦ ﺑِﺄَرﺟﻠِﻬﻦ ﻟِﻴُـﻌﻠَﻢ ﻣﺎ ﳜْﻔﲔ ﻣﻦ‬ َ َ َ ْ ‫َ ََ ْ ِ َ ْ ُ ِ ﱠ‬ ََْ َ ُ َ َ ِ ِ ‫زﻳﻨَﺘِﻬﻦ وﺗُﻮﺑُﻮا إِﱃ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ أَﻳﱡﻬﺎ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨُﻮن ﻟَﻌﻠﱠﻜﻢ ﺗُـﻔﻠِﺤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ْ ُ َ َ ِ ْ ُ َ ‫َ ِ َِ ً ـ‬ َ‫ﱠ‬
"Say to the believing men to lower their gaze and protect their private parts, that is purer for them and verily Allah knows what they are doing and say to the female believers to lower their gaze and to guard their chastity and not to show their zeenah (adornments) except what is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms and not to reveal it to anyone except to their husbands or their fathers (and grandfather) or their husbands fathers (and grandfather), or their sons (and grandson), or their husbands son (and grandson), or your brother or their brothers sons (and grandson) or their sisters sons (and grandson), or their women, or their (female) slaves or the old male servants who lack vigour, or the young children who know nothing of femininity, and do not stamp your feet to reveal what is hidden of their beauty and repent to Allah all together oh believers so that you can be successful."172

172

al-Qur’an, Surah al-Noor, 24: 30-31

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4- FREEMIXING
Men and women are two separate communities in Islam and should not mix except with a divine permit. If a demonstration is not targeting an Islamic purpose that permits mixing of men such as Da'wah or Jihad, it is prohibited to mix. Moreover, if there is permitted mixing of men and women for an Islamic demonstration, it must be maintaining the Islamic etiquette, separating between men and women on different sides of the gathering. If a demonstration involves complete mixing of men and women without any separation, this is harmful. It is narrated upon the authority of Abu Uday Ansaar (ra) that he heard the Messenger Muhammad (saw) say when he saw people mixing together in the street, "O women separate yourselves, it is not allowed for you to take the middle of the road (if that leads to freemixing with men), you should take the side of the road."173 After this the women would walk so close to the wall that their Jilbaabs would stick to it174. The Prophet (saw) also said:

173 174

Sunan Abu Dawood, v.4, Hadith No. 5272 Sunan Abu Dawood

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Do not enter into the company of women.” A man then asked him: “What about her male in-laws?” The Prophet (saw) replied: “The in-law is death (i.e. the most dangerous)”175

175

Saheeh al-Bukhari

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5- IMITATION OF KUFFAR
Imitating non-Muslims in matters relating to their religion, religious festivals, crimes and sins is prohibited in Islam. Allah (swt) says,

“And [know that true servants of God are only] those who never bear witness to what is false, and [who], whenever they pass by [people engaged in] frivolity, pass on with dignity;”176 The Mufassireen said on this ayah that it means the festivals of the Mushrikeen. And it is narrated by Anas that he said, ‘The Messenger of Allah (saw) came to Madinah and found that the Ansaar had two days, in which they played. So he asked, ‘what are these two days?’ they answered, ‘they were two days that we used to play in Jahiliyyah.’ He (saw) said to them ‘Allah has replaced them with better than them, the day of Adhaa and the day of Fitr.’177 Umar ibn Khattab said, ‘Do not enter upon the Mushrikeen in their churches on the day of their ‘Eid (festivals) because all the anger [and wrath] of Allah is pouring down upon them.’178

‫واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻻ ﻳَﺸﻬﺪون اﻟﺰور وإِذَا ﻣﺮوا ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﱠﻐﻮ ﻣﺮوا ﻛِﺮاﻣﺎ‬ ‫َ ِ َ َ ْ َ ُ َ ﱡ َ َ َﱡ‬ ً َ ‫ْ ِ َﱡ‬

Al Qur'an 25:72 Abu Dawood, Nasaa’ee and Albaani declared it Saheeh 178 Baihaqi and Sheikh ul Islaam declared it Saheeh in Iqtidaa’
176 177

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? The prophet (saw) said, “Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”179 Any demonstration or procession that involves participating in festivals, carnivals and annual commemorations that are not from Islam e.g. Christmas, Easter, remembrance day, divali, Halloween and new years and similar things are all prohibited and harmful for the Muslims. Similarly demonstrations that involve symbolic religious practises such as laying wreathes or bowing heads in front of graves or holding one or two minute silences in commemoration of past dead are also Haram and harmful.

179 Saheeh al-Bukhari, Abu Dawood, Ahmad, Tabaraani in al-Awsat, ibn Hibban and Albaani declared it Saheeh in Saheeh al Jaami’

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6- GATHERING UNDER A BANNER OF JAHILIYYAH
Sadly, there is a growing trend of Muslims participating in protests organised by non-Muslims under their unIslamic banners and organisations such as socialist organisations whose main goal is to establish socialist principles and ideology. Also some political parties in the east and the west operating under a banner of democracy and parliamentary legislation organise demonstrations. Among these organisations in the UK, Respect and liberal democrats often try to take advantage of Muslim causes to encourage Muslim participation in their events and gatherings, in the Muslim world, many organisations such as Hizb un Noor, Ikhwaan ul Muslimeen, Jama'at-e-Islam and similar organisations arrange demonstrations to further the aims of their democratic parties. The Prophet (saw) said: “Allah will not accept any deed from the Mushrik after he becomes Muslim until he departs from the Mushrikeen.”180 Gathering under these banners is harmful and prohibited, if Muslims wish to cooperate with other organisations, it must be under independent Islamic banners.
180

Narrated by al-Nasaa’i with a jayyid isnaad

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7- NATIONALISM
Another widespread harmful evil that has infected many Muslims is the disease of nationalism, patriotism and racism. A demonstration will be harmful and prohibited if it involves displaying or calling for nationalism such as flying patriotic flags of any country nowadays (whether Muslim countries or western countries), painting faces with the colours and symbols of national flags, shouting nationalistic or racist chants in favour of Arabs, Blacks, Whites, tribes, Turks, Pakistanis, British, Americans or any other nation. This also includes the gatherings and processions held in celebration of so-called 'independence' or 'founding' of the various Muslim countries and processions and demonstrations at the results of nationalistic sporting events such as 'World Cups' or 'Olympics'. The Prophet (saw) said, “All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black any superiority over white - except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood.”181

181

Saheeh al-Muslim

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? And in another Hadith, the Messenger of Allah (saw) referring to nationalism, racism, and patriotism said: "Leave it, it is rotten."182 Also, the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, "Undoubtedly Allah has removed from you the pride of arrogance of the age of Jahiliyyah and the glorification of ancestors. You are all the children of Adam and Adam was made of clay. People should give up their pride in nations because that is a coal from the coals of Hell-fire. If they do not give this up Allah ‫ تعالى‬will consider them lower than the lowly worm which pushes itself through Khara (dung)."183 Abu Hurairah d narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: “Whosoever leaves off obedience and separates from the Jama’ah and dies, he dies a death of Jahiliyyah. Whoever fights under the banner of the blind, becoming angry for ‘Asabiyyah (partisanship and party spirit), or calling to ‘Asabiyyah, or assisting ‘Asabiyyah, then dies, he dies a death of Jahiliyyah."184 It is narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said,

149

Saheeh al-Muslim and Saheeh al-Bukhari Sunan Abu Dawood and Sunan al-Tirmizi 184 Saheeh al-Muslim (6/21)
182 183

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "He is not one us who calls for `Asabiyyah, (nationalism/tribalism) or who fights for `Asabiyyah or who dies for `Asabiyyah."185

185

Sunan Abu Dawood

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8- USING HARAM WORDS AND SWEAR WORDS
Demonstrations and protests cannot be an excuse to swear or use Haram speech even out of anger at crimes and evil. Anas narrated that, “The Messenger (saw) was neither a Fahish (one who had a bad tongue) nor a Sabbaba (one who swears at others) and he used to say while admonishing somebody, "What is wrong with him? May dust be on his forehead!"186 The Prophet (saw) said: “A Muslim does not swear, curse or ridicule.”187 And in one narration, Abdullah ibn Omar (ra) that the Prophet (saw) said, “A Mu’min does not defame (At-Ta’en), A Mu’min does not curse (al-La’en), A Mu’min does not speak Fahishah188 (sexual terminologies or lewdness), A Mu’min is not bazhi (the one who swears all the time).”189

Saheeh al-Bukhari Saheeh al-Muslim 188 Fahishah (pl. Fawaahishah) is any form of unlawful sexual act, it includes, fornication, adultery, prostitution, homosexuality, lesbianism, bestiality etc all of which is legal and permitted in most countries today (particularly in the west). 189 Musannaf ibn Abi Shaybah
186 187

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Tactics such as this in a demonstration are harmful and prohibited in Islam.

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9- PROMOTING DISOBEDIENCE TO ALLAH
Using demonstrations as a means to promote and glamorise sins and evil deeds such as homosexuality (e.g. Gay Pride marches), Interfaith and secularism and condemn or discouraging Muslims from Islamic deeds such as jihad and implementing Shari'ah, is an enormous crime and harm.

ِ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ َ ُ َ ُُ ٍ ْ ‫ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ ُ ْ ُ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﻮن واﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﺎت ﺑَـﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺾ ﻳَﺄْﻣﺮون ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻨﻜﺮ وﻳَـْﻨـﻬﻮن ﻋﻦ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫اﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف وﻳَـﻘﺒِﻀﻮن أَﻳْﺪﻳَـﻬﻢ ﻧَﺴﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻓَـﻨَﺴﻴَـﻬﻢ إِن اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﲔ ﻫﻢ‬ ُُ َ ُ ‫ُْ ﱠ‬ ُ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ُْ َ ‫اﻟْﻔﺎﺳﻘﻮن‬ َ ُِ َ
"The hypocrites, men and women, are from one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Ma'roof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and they close their hands [from giving (spending in Allah's Cause) alms, etc.]. They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the Faasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."190

190

Al Qur'an 9:67

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"And sit not on every road, threatening, and hindering from the Path of Allah those who believe in Him. and seeking to make it crooked. And remember when you were but few, and He multiplied you. And see what was the end of the Mufsidun (mischief-makers, corrupts, liars)."191 Attending such a demonstration is a sin and harmful and must be avoided unless they change what they are saying.

ِ ِ ِ ٍ ِ ‫ْ ُ ُﱢ‬ ‫وﻻَ ﺗَـﻘﻌُﺪواْ ﺑِﻜﻞ ﺻﺮاط ﺗُﻮﻋﺪون وﺗَﺼ ﱡون ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻣﻦ آﻣﻦ ﺑِﻪ‬ َ َ َ ْ َ ِ َ َ َ ‫ُ َ َ ُﺪ‬ َ ِ ُ‫وﺗَـْﺒـﻐُﻮﻧـَﻬﺎ ﻋﻮﺟﺎ واذْﻛﺮواْ إِذ ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﻗَﻠِﻴﻼً ﻓَﻜﺜـﻛﻢ واﻧﻈُﺮواْ ﻛْﻴﻒ ﻛﺎن ﻋﺎﻗِﺒَﺔ‬ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ْ ُ‫َ ﱠﺮ‬ ْ ُ ْ ُُ َ ً َ َ َ َ ِِ ‫اﻟْﻤﻔﺴﺪﻳﻦ‬ َ ُْ

‫وإِذا رأَﻳْﺖ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﳜُﻮﺿﻮن ِﰲ آﻳَﺎﺗِﻨَﺎ ﻓَﺄَﻋﺮض ﻋْﻨـﻬﻢ ﺣﱴ ﳜُﻮﺿﻮاْ ِﰲ‬ َ ُ ََِ َ َ ََ ُ َ ‫ِْ ْ َ ُ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻏﲑﻩ وإِﻣﺎ ﻳُﻨﺴﻴَـﻨﱠﻚ اﻟ ﱠﻴﻄَﺎن ﻓَﻼَ ﺗَـﻘﻌُﺪ ﺑَـﻌﺪ اﻟﺬﻛﺮى ﻣﻊ اﻟْﻘﻮِم‬ ُ ْ‫َ ِ ٍ َ ِِْ َ ﱠ ِ َ ﺸ‬ َْ َ َ َْ‫ْ ْ ْ َ ﱢ‬ ِ ‫اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻟِﻤﻲ‬
"And when you (Muhammad SAW) see those who engage in a false conversation about Our Verses (of the Qur'an) by mocking at them, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Shaytaan (Satan) causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not you in the company of those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.)."192

191 192

Al Qur'an 7:86 Al Qur'an 6:68

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10- TALBEES
Talbees is to clothe the falsehood to look like it is the truth, while hiding the truth for some worldly gain or Maslahah (i.e. a false or nullified benefit). Sometimes a demonstrations are used to portray Islam incorrectly and present a false impression of the truth. For example some people may shout slogans, hold placards or raise banners declaring that "Islam means peace"; or claiming that Muslims do not want to live under Shari'ah; or that they do not believe in fighting jihad; or that "Jihad does not involve fighting"; or that Islam does not oppose western rule, occupation or values. Sometimes people may claim that "Islam is democracy"; or "Democracy is Shura"; or that Islam orders us to obey the law of the land; or that Islam obliges us to obey any rulers over us unconditionally; or that Islam respects other religions; and their idols or that Islam is in favour of equality between genders, religions and beliefs. All of these false ideas and statements are inaccurate and give a false idea about Islam, even though they are often utilised sincerely as a tactic to impress non-Muslims who share some of these beliefs or are appeased by them, nevertheless they are incorrect and deviate from the Aqeedah of Islam. Allah (swt) says,

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"O Children of Israel! Remember My Favour which I bestowed upon you, and fulfil (your obligations to) My Covenant (with you) so that I fulfil (My Obligations to) your covenant (with Me), and fear none but Me. And believe in what I have sent down (this Qur'an), confirming that which is with you, [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], and be not the first to disbelieve therein, and buy not with My Verses [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] a small price (i.e. getting a small gain by selling My Verses), and fear Me and Me Alone. And mix not truth with falsehood, nor conceal the truth [i.e. Muhammad Peace be upon him is Allah's Messenger and his qualities are written in your Scriptures, the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] while you know (the truth)."193

ِ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ ﺑَﲏ إِﺳﺮاﺋِﻴﻞ اذْﻛﺮواْ ﻧِﻌﻤﱵ اﻟﱠﱵ أَﻧْـﻌﻤﺖ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ وأَوﻓُﻮاْ ﺑِﻌﻬﺪي أُوف‬ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ُ ْ َ ِ َِ َ ْ ُُ َ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﺑِﻌﻬﺪﻛﻢ وإِﻳﱠﺎي ﻓَﺎرﻫﺒُﻮن‬ َْ َ َ ْ ُ َْ ِ ِ ٍ َ َ‫ُ ﱠ‬ ْ‫وآﻣﻨُﻮاْ ِﲟَﺎ أَﻧﺰﻟْﺖ ﻣﺼ ﱢﻗﺎً ﻟﱢﻤﺎ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ وﻻَ ﺗَﻜﻮﻧُﻮاْ أَول ﻛﺎﻓِﺮ ﺑِﻪ وﻻَ ﺗَﺸﺘَـﺮوا‬ َ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ ‫َ ُ ُ َﺪ‬ ُْ َ ِ ُ ‫ﺑِﺂﻳَﺎﰐ ﲦَﻨﺎً ﻗَﻠِﻴﻼً وإِﻳﱠﺎي ﻓَﺎﺗﱠـﻘﻮن‬ َ ِ َ َ ‫وﻻَ ﺗَـ ْﻠﺒِﺴﻮاْ اﳊَﻖ ﺑِﺎﻟْﺒَﺎﻃﻞ وﺗَ ْﺘُﻤﻮاْ اﳊَﻖ وأَﻧﺘُﻢ ﺗَـﻌﻠَﻤﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ‫ُ ْ ﱠ ِِ َ ﻜ ُ ْ ﱠ‬ َ

193

Al Qur'an 2:40-42

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11- CONSENTING TO TAWAGHEET
Some demonstrations harm Islam and Muslims by consenting to the false rulers and their laws, or even promoting them with the intention of seeking some imaginary benefit for Islam. This is often done in various harmful ways including a. Praising rulers that rule by man-made law Allah (swt) says:

ِ َ َ‫ﺮ‬ ِِ ِ ‫ُ ﱢ‬ ‫وﻻَ ﺗَـْﻛﻨُﻮاْ إِﱃ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻇَﻠَﻤﻮاْ ﻓَـﺘَﻤﺴﻜﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺎر وﻣﺎ ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻣﻦ‬ ُ ََ ُ ُ ُ ‫َ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ْ َ ,‫أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ُﱠ ﻻَ ﺗُﻨﺼﺮون‬ ‫ْ ﰒ‬ َ َُ
“And incline not to those who do wrong or the Fire will touch you; and ye have no protectors other than Allah nor shall ye be helped.” 194 b. Praising their laws and decisions Some people praise the Taghoot (false god) rulers in the hope that they can influence their decisions for example by saying "we believe in British Justice.". Allah (swt) says,
194

Al-Qur’an, Surah Hud, 11: 113-117

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"Surely, We have sent down to you (O Muhammad SAW) the Book (this Qur'an) in truth that you might judge between men by that which Allah has shown you (i.e. has taught you through Divine Inspiration), so be not a pleader for the treacherous."195

‫إِﻧﱠﺎ أَﻧﺰﻟْﻨَﺎ إِﻟَْﻴﻚ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب ﺑِﺎﳊَﻖ ﻟِﺘَﺤﻜﻢ ﺑَـﲔ اﻟﻨﱠﺎس ِﲟَﺎ أَراك اﻟﻠّﻪُ وﻻَ ﺗَﻜﻦ‬ ُ َ َ َ ِ َْ َ ُ ْ ‫َ ِ َ ْ ﱢ‬ َ ِ ‫ﻟﱢْﻠﺨﺂﺋِﻨِﲔ ﺧﺼﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً َ َ َ

"Do they then seek the judgement of (the Days of) Ignorance? And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm Faith."196 Allah declared that those who rule by other than what Allah revealed are oppressors and their laws are oppression,

ِ ِ ِ ِ ْ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫أَﻓَﺤ ْﻢ اﳉَﺎﻫﻠِﻴﱠﺔ ﻳَـْﺒـﻐُﻮن وﻣﻦ أَﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺣ ْﻤﺎ ﻟﱢﻘﻮٍم ﻳُﻮﻗِﻨُﻮن‬ َ ْ َ ً ‫ُﻜ‬ َ ُ َ ْ ْ ََ َ َ ُ

ِ ‫َﻛﺘَْﺒـﻨَﺎ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ أَن اﻟﻨﱠـﻔﺲ ﺑِﺎﻟﻨﱠـﻔﺲ واﻟْﻌﲔ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻌﲔ واﻷَﻧﻒ ﺑِﺎﻷَﻧﻒ‬ َ َ ِ ْ َ َ ْ َ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ‫وَ َ ِ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ‫واﻷُذُن ﺑِﺎﻷُذُن واﻟﺴﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﺴﻦ واﳉُﺮوح ﻗِﺼﺎص ﻓَﻤﻦ ﺗَﺼ ﱠق ﺑِﻪ ﻓَـﻬﻮ‬ َ َ َ ُ َ ‫َ ﱢ ﱠ ﱢ ﱢ َ ْ ُ َ َ ٌ َ َﺪ‬ ‫ﻛ ﱠﺎرٌ ﻟﱠﻪُ وﻣﻦ ﱂْ ﳛﻜﻢ ِﲟَﺎ أﻧﺰل اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻓَﺄُوﻟَـﺌِﻚ ﻫﻢ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻟِﻤﻮن‬ ُ َْ ‫َ ﻔ َة َ َ ﱠ‬ ََ َ ُ ُُ َ ْ

195 196

Al Qur'an 4:105 Al Qur'an 5:50

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "And We ordained therein for them: "Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal." But if anyone remits the retaliation by way of charity, it shall be for him an expiation. And whosoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, such are the Zalimun (polytheists)."197 c. Calling upon them to arbitrate and judge between the Muslims in their complaints A very dangerous crime has also made its way into some demonstrations, in that people call upon the Tawagheet to judge in the disputes198 and complaints of the Muslims, seeking some false benefit. For example they may call upon certain criminals to be arrested and put on trial in western courts, or they might demand that tyrant rulers put tried in the Hague for war crimes or ask a government to request a Muslim to face trial in their host country instead of being extradited to another country or being held without charge.

159

197 198

Al Qur'an 5:45 Al Tahakum: Arbitration is a ritual act of worship that can only be directed to Allah (swt) exclusively, it is defined as “To refer to and arbitrate to another who will resolve the dispute of any problem between two or more parties.” It is considered Shirk Al Akbar to arbitrate to any law, constitution, court or judge etc instead of Allah; this includes Tawagheet such as the United Nations, the British or US law or constitutions or any other man-made law, anyone who arbitrates to them is Kafir and Mushrik even if they pray Salah say the Kalima.

160

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Allah (swt) warns us that this is a form of Shirk199 and apostasy and is opposite to the rejection of false gods,

"Have you seen those (hypocrites) who claim that they believe in that which has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taghoot (false judges, etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. But Shaytaan (Satan) wishes to lead them far astray."200 d. Calling for the man-made laws to be implemented

ِ َ َ ِ َِ ‫أَﱂْ ﺗَـﺮ إِﱃ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـ ْﺰﻋُﻤﻮن أَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ِﲟَﺎ أُﻧﺰل إِﻟَْﻴﻚ وﻣﺎ أُﻧﺰل ﻣﻦ ﻗَـْﺒﻠِﻚ‬ َ َ َ َ َِ َ ُْ َ ُ َ َ ِ ِ ‫ﻳُﺮﻳﺪون أَن ﻳَـﺘَﺤﺎﻛﻤﻮاْ إِﱃ اﻟﻄﱠﺎﻏُﻮت وﻗَﺪ أُﻣﺮواْ أَن ﻳَﻜﻔﺮواْ ﺑِﻪ وﻳُﺮﻳﺪ‬ َ َُ َ َ ُِ ُ ِ َ ِ ُُ ْ ُ َْ ‫اﻟ ﱠﻴﻄَﺎن أَن ﻳُﻀﻠﱠﻬﻢ ﺿﻼَﻻً ﺑَﻌِﻴﺪا‬ ُ ْ‫ﺸ‬ ً َ ُْ ِ

199 Al Shirk is to associate with Allah (swt) in his lordliness (Al Rububiyyah), or in directing our ritual acts to other than him or in his sovereignty (Al Uluhiyyah); this includes to associate with his names and attributes (Al Asmaa’ Wal Sifaat) [e.g. to say Allah is Al Rahman (the most merciful) or Al Hakam (the legislator) and so-and-so is also Al Rahman or Al Hakam] and also includes to associate with his right of ruling and legislation (Al Haakimiyyah), e.g. to rule by other than what Allah revealed or to obey that ruling. Shirk can be by the form of Al Sarf, to direct any ritual act or to attribute a name or function of Allah to something or someone else besides Allah; or it could be by the form of Al ‘Atef; this is to associate the attributes or worship etc alongside Allah, e.g. saying Allah is the commander (Al Ameer) and so-and-so is the commander also, or to obey Allah and to obey the Kufr (non-islamic) law of the land together is Al ‘Atef. See Kitabul Imaan or Mukhtasar Al Tawheed by Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad for more details. 200 Al-Qur'an 4:60

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Some demonstrations involve the harmful mistake of calling or demanding that man-made laws be implemented or adhered to. For example some people may call for "Human Rights" referring to the European bill of human rights, or the Geneva convention, or demanding that Israel adhere to a UN resolution, or condemning America or Britain for fighting a war without permission from the United Nations or complaining that politicians broke certain man-made laws. All of this is harmful and a sin as the laws of people have no right to be obeyed and only the law of Allah has any right to be implemented. Allah (swt) says,

161

ِ ِ ِ ‫َ ِﱡ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﱯ اﺗﱠﻖ اﻟﻠﱠﻪَ وﻻ ﺗُﻄﻊ اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ واﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﲔ إِن اﻟﻠﱠﻪَ ﻛﺎن ﻋﻠِﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً َ َ َ ‫ََ ِ َ ِ َ َ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ‫ﺣﻜﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً َ
"O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Keep your duty to Allah, and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites (i.e., do not follow their advices). Verily! Allah is Ever All-Knower, AllWise."201

And,

ِ ِ ِ ِ ْ ‫ﻜ‬ ‫أَﻓَﺤ ْﻢ اﳉَﺎﻫﻠِﻴﱠﺔ ﻳَـْﺒـﻐُﻮن وﻣﻦ أَﺣﺴﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﺣ ْﻤﺎ ﻟﱢﻘﻮٍم ﻳُﻮﻗِﻨُﻮن‬ َ ْ َ ً ‫ُﻜ‬ َ ُ َ ْ ْ ََ َ َ ُ

201

AlQur'an 33:1

162

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "Do they then seek the judgement of (the Days of) Ignorance? And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm Faith."202 And,

‫ﺳﻮل ﳍُﻢ وأَﻣﻠَﻰ ﳍُﻢ‬ ْ َ ْ َ ْ َ َ‫َﱠ‬ ِْ ْ ِ ْ ْ ُ ِ َ ‫ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ﻟِﻠﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺮﻫﻮا ﻣﺎ ﻧَـﺰل اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ﺳﻨُﻄﻴﻌُﻜﻢ ِﰲ ﺑَـﻌﺾ اﻷَﻣﺮ‬ َ ‫ِ َ َ ُِ َ ﱠ‬ ُْ َ َ
“Those who turn back as apostates after Guidance was clearly shown to them, - the Evil One has instigated them and busied them up with false hopes. This, because they said to those who hate what Allah has revealed, "We will obey you in part of (this) matter"; but Allah knows their (inner) secrets.”203 e. Begging for the help and intervention of non-Muslim or Taghoot regimes Another harmful mistake is begging upon the enemy to intervene and solve the problems of Muslims, which only brings catastrophe to Muslims and opens the way for non-Muslims to take advantage of our lands, resources and to control our affairs in a most humiliating way. Allah (swt) forbade the disbelievers from having any authority or strength over the Muslims.
202 203

‫إِن اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ارﺗَﺪوا ﻋﻠَﻰ أَدﺑَﺎرﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑَـﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺗَـﺒَـﲔ ﳍُﻢ اﳍُﺪى اﻟ ﱠﻴﻄَﺎن‬ ُ ْ ‫ﱠ ِ َ ْ ﱡ َ ْ ِِ ﱢ ْ ِ َ ﱠ َ َ ُ ْ َ ﺸ‬

‫واﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ﻳَـﻌﻠَﻢ إِﺳﺮارﻫﻢ‬ ْ َُ َْ ُ ْ َ

Al Qur'an 5:50 Al Qur'an 47: 25-26

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

163

"Give to the hypocrites the tidings that there is for them a painful torment. Those who take disbelievers for Awliyaa' (protectors or helpers or friends) instead of believers, do they seek honour, power and glory with them? Verily, then to Allah belongs all honour, power and glory."204

ِ ‫ﺑَﺸﺮ اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﲔ ﺑِﺄَن ﳍُﻢ ﻋﺬاﺑًﺎ أَﻟِﻴﻤﺎ‬ ً ََ ْ َ ‫ﱢِ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫َ ِ َُُ ﱠ‬ َ‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﺘﱠﺨﺬون اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ أَوﻟِﻴَﺎء ﻣﻦ دون اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ أَﻳَـْﺒﺘَـﻐُﻮن ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ اﻟْﻌِﺰة‬ َ ُْ ُ ْ َِ َ َ ُ َ ِ ِ ‫ﱠ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓَِﺈن اﻟﻌِﺰةَ ﻟِﻠّﻪ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ‬ ً َ

"Those (hypocrites) who wait and watch about you; if you gain a victory from Allah, they say: "Were we not with you," but if the disbelievers gain a success, they say (to them): "Did we not gain mastery over you and did we not protect you from the believers?" Allah will judge between you (all) on the Day of Resurrection. And never will Allah grant to the disbelievers a way (to triumph) over the believers."205

ِ ِ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﺘَـﺮﺑﱠﺼﻮن ﺑِﻜﻢ ﻓَِﺈن ﻛﺎن ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻓَـْﺘﺢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ أَﱂْ ﻧَﻜﻦ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ‬ ْ ُ َ‫َ ُ ﱠ‬ َ ٌ ُْ َ َ ُْ َ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ ‫وإِن ﻛﺎن ﻟِْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﻧَﺼﻴﺐ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ أَﱂْ ﻧَﺴﺘَﺤﻮذ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ وَْﻨَـﻌﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ٌ َ َ ‫َ ْ ْ ِ ْ َ ُ ْ َﳕ ْ ُ ﱢ‬ َ ِ ِ ِ ‫اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﻓَﺎﻟﻠّﻪُ ﳛﻜﻢ ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ ﻳَـﻮم اﻟْﻘﻴَﺎﻣﺔ وﻟَﻦ ﳚﻌﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻟِْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻠَﻰ‬ َ َِ َ َ ُْ َ َ َْ َ َ َ ْ ْ ُ ُ ُ َْ ِ ً‫اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﺳﺒِﻴﻼ‬ َ َ ُْ

204 205

Al Qur'an 4:138-139 Al Qur'an 4:141

164

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

12- CALLING FOR SHIRK OR KUFR
Some demonstrations call for Kufr beliefs, ideas, values and ideologies believing them to be equal or better than Islam or sometimes accepting that they are not equal to Islam but thinking there is some benefit or advantage to be gained in doing so. This type of demonstration is prohibited and harmful and no Muslim should attend or participate unless they can stop the incorrect call and change what is being said to something Islamic and beneficial.

ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ُ‫وﻗَﺪ ﻧَـﺰل ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ ِﰲ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب أَن إِذا ﲰﻌﺘُﻢ آﻳَﺎت اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻳُﻜﻔﺮ َِﺎ وﻳُﺴﺘَـﻬﺰأ‬ َ ْ ْ َ َُ َ ْ َْ َ ْ ْ ُ َ َ‫َ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫َ ِ ٍ َ ِِْ ُ ْ ً ﱢ ُ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫َِﺎ ﻓَﻼَ ﺗَـﻘﻌُﺪواْ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺣﱴ ﳜُﻮﺿﻮاْ ِﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﻏﲑﻩ إِﻧﱠﻜﻢ إِذا ﻣﺜْـﻠُﻬﻢ إِن‬ ُ َ ‫ْ ُ ََُ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﲔ واﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ِﰲ ﺟﻬﻨﱠﻢ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ‬ ً َ َ ََ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ
"And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur'an) that when you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will collect the hypocrites and disbelievers all together in Hell,"206

Examples of this include: a. Calling for democracy b. Calling for democratic elections

206

Al Qur'an 4:140

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? c. Promoting an MP and calling for people to vote for them d. Promoting interfaith dialogue e. Recruiting for armies and police of nonMuslim regimes f. Calling upon a government to legislate or change a law in parliament Allah (swt) says,

165

"Or have they partners with Allah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed. And had it not been for a decisive Word (gone forth already), the matter would have been judged between them. And verily, for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers), there is a painful torment."207

ِ َ َ ِ ‫َ ُ ﺮَ َ َ ﱢ ﺪ‬ ُ‫أَم ﳍُﻢ ﺷﻛﺎء ﺷﺮﻋُﻮا ﳍُﻢ ﻣﻦ اﻟ ﱢﻳﻦ ﻣﺎ ﱂْ ﻳَﺄْذن ﺑِﻪ اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ وﻟَﻮﻻ ﻛﻠِﻤﺔ‬ َ َ َ َْ َ َ َ َ ْ ْ ِ ِ ِ ‫ُْ َ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟْﻔﺼﻞ ﻟَﻘﻀﻲ ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻬﻢ وإِن اﻟﻈﱠﺎﻟِﻤﲔ ﳍُﻢ ﻋﺬاب أَﻟِﻴﻢ‬ ٌ ٌ ََ ْ َ َ َ ُ ْ َ

207

Al Qur'an 42:21

166

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

Chapter 7: Effects of Demonstrations
If a demonstration takes place in an Islamic and beneficial way and avoiding the potentially harmful and prohibited matters as described previously in this book, the effect and outcome of the demonstration can include the following beneficial results:

1- DU’AAT AND SCHOLARS MEET THE PEOPLE
People live busy lives and often do not spend time in the gatherings of scholars and Du'aat208 and may never have an opportunity to benefit from the knowledge and experience of people of knowledge. Gatherings such as demonstrations present people with a chance to meet, speak with, hear the messages of scholars and benefit from their company. Nowadays , most media, news outlets and public speakers discuss political matters and problems of war, security and public fear from a secular perspective without knowledge about Islam and without any
208 i.e. the callers, the one who gives Da’wah; that is inviting people to Islam, commanding good and forbidding evil.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? concern for Islamic understanding and giving little credibility to Islamic scholars in these matters. Demonstrations allow the people push forward people of knowledge and Islamic evidences to explain the Islamic stance on matters. Allah (swt) says,

167

"When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear, they make it known (among the people), if only they had referred it to the Messenger or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have understood it from them (directly). Had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of Allah upon you, you would have followed Shaytaan (Satan), save a few of you."209

ِ َ ِ ْ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﱡ َ ﱠ‬ ‫وإِذا ﺟﺎءﻫﻢ أَﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻷَﻣﻦ أَو اﳋَﻮف أَذاﻋُﻮاْ ﺑِﻪ وﻟَﻮ ردوﻩُ إِﱃ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل‬ ْ َ ‫َ َ َ ُ ْ ٌْ ﱢ‬ ُ ْ َ َْ ِ ِ ْ ِ ِ ‫وإِﱃ أُوِﱄ اﻷَﻣﺮ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻟَﻌﻠِﻤﻪُ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَﺴﺘَﻨﺒِﻄُﻮﻧَﻪُ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ وﻟَﻮﻻَ ﻓَﻀﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ‬ ْ ََ َْ ُْ َ َ ْ ُ ِْ ْ َ ُ ْ ََ ْ ُ َ َ ْ‫ْ ُ ﺸ‬ ً‫ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ ورﲪَﺘُﻪُ ﻻَﺗﱠـﺒَـﻌﺘُﻢ اﻟ ﱠﻴﻄَﺎن إِﻻﱠ ﻗَﻠِﻴﻼ‬

209

Al Qur'an 4:83

168

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

2- DISBELIEVERS AND HYPOCRITES CANNOT COMMIT CRIMES FREELY WITHOUT INVESTIGATION
Demonstrations that create public awareness and opinion about the crimes and activities of the disbelievers and enemies of Islam expose news and realities that those enemies would prefer to hide. This results in an atmosphere that forces others to investigate and ask uncomfortable questions and does not allow the disbelievers to have a free hand or impunity.

ِ ِ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫وﻟَﺌِﻦ ﺳﺄَﻟْﺘَـﻬﻢ ﻟَﻴَـﻘﻮﻟُﻦ إِﳕَﺎ ﻛﻨﱠﺎ ﳔُﻮض وﻧَـ ْﻠﻌﺐ ﻗُﻞ أَﺑِﺎﻟﻠّﻪ وآﻳَﺎﺗِﻪ ورﺳﻮﻟِﻪ‬ ُ ََ َ ْ ُ َ َ ُ َ ُ ‫َ َ ُْ ُ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﺗَﺴﺘَـﻬﺰؤون‬ َ ُِ ْ ْ ْ ُ ِ ٍ ‫ﻻَ ﺗَـﻌﺘَﺬرواْ ﻗَﺪ ﻛﻔ ْﺮﰎ ﺑَـﻌﺪ إِﳝَﺎﻧِﻜﻢ إِن ﻧـﱠﻌﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻃَﺂﺋِﻔﺔ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻧـُﻌﺬب‬ َ ُ ْ ْ ُ َْ ُ ََ ْ ُ ْ ْ ‫َ ﱢ ُ ْ َﱢ‬ ِ ‫ﻃَﺂﺋِﻔﺔً ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﳎﺮﻣﲔ‬ َ ِ ُْ َ ْ ُ َ

ِ ِ ‫ﳛﺬر اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﻮن أَن ﺗُـﻨَـﺰل ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﺳﻮرٌ ﺗُـﻨَﺒﱢﺌُـﻬﻢ ِﲟَﺎ ِﰲ ﻗُـﻠُﻮِِﻢ ﻗُﻞ‬ َ ُ ُ ُ َ َْ ْ ُ ‫ﱠ َ َ ْ ُ َة‬ ‫اﺳﺘَـﻬﺰؤواْ إِن اﻟﻠّﻪَ ُْ ِج ﻣﺎ ﲢﺬرون‬ َ ُ َ ْ َ ‫ْ ْ ُِ ﱠ ﳐ ﺮ ٌ ﱠ‬

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "The hypocrites fear lest a Surah (chapter of the Qur'an) should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts. Say: "(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will bring to light all that you fear." If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and joking." Say: "Was it at Allah (swt), and His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger (SAW) that you were mocking?" Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimun (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.)."210 Such public inquiry and investigation makes the disbelievers tread carefully and take measures to prevent embarrassing questions and sometimes to hold back their hands from aggression for fear of public probing.

169

210

Al Qur'an 9:64-66

170

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

3- RAISING PROFILE OF ISLAM
Demonstrations that make Islam its call and banner and present Islamic solutions to the problems of the society will raise the profile of Islam and make it a talking point among the people, allowing debate, discussion and Da'wah to reach the masses. Even if the people disagree and differ about Islam and the solutions it brings, this controversy is conducive to debate which will always result in the Truth prevailing in the long run. Allah (swt) says,

"What are they asking (one another)? About the great news, (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, the Qur'an, which Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)brought and the Day of Resurrection, etc.), About which they are in disagreement."211

‫ﻋﻢ ﻳَـﺘَﺴﺎءﻟُﻮن‬ َ َ ‫َﱠ‬ ِ َِ َِ ‫ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺒَِﺈ اﻟْﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬ ِ َِ َِ ‫ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﱠﺒَِﺈ اﻟْﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬

211

Al Qur'an 78:1-3

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

171

4- FORCING PEOPLE TO DEBATE ABOUT ISLAM
Public demonstrations presenting the truth to the masses encourages and even compels people to talk about Islam and debate about the Deen. People will always differ and disagree, that is the Sunnah of Allah (swt) that can never be changed, but this provides an opportunity to debate and present the truth to the people and make it prevail. Allah (swt) says,

"And if your Lord had so willed, He could surely have made mankind one Ummah [nation or community (following one religion only i.e. Islam)], but they will not cease to disagree,Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of truth - Islamic Monotheism) and for that did He create them. And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled (i.e. His Saying): "Surely, I shall fill Hell with Jinns and men all together."212 This is a healthy way of spreading the call of Islam as the Deen of Islam will always present the best arguments and evidences that match the Fitrah (natural instinct)
212

ِ ِ ‫وﻟَﻮ ﺷﺎء رﺑﱡﻚ ﳉَﻌﻞ اﻟﻨﱠﺎس أُﻣﺔً واﺣﺪة وﻻَ ﻳَـﺰاﻟُﻮن ُْﺘَﻠِﻔﲔ‬ َ ‫َ ْ َ َ َ ََ َ َ ﱠ َ ًَ َ َ َ ﳐ‬ ِ ِ ‫إِﻻﱠ ﻣﻦ رﺣﻢ رﺑﱡﻚ وﻟِﺬﻟِﻚ ﺧﻠَﻘﻬﻢ وﲤﱠﺖ ﻛﻠِﻤﺔُ رﺑﱢﻚ ﻷَﻣﻸن ﺟﻬﻨﱠﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ َ َ َ َ ‫َ ﱠ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ْ ََ ْ َ َ َ َ ْ ﱠ‬ ِ ‫اﳉِﻨﱠﺔ واﻟﻨﱠﺎس أَﲨَﻌِﲔ‬ َ ْ ِ َ ْ

Al Qur'an 11:118-119

172

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? and sound ration of the people, bringing them back to the truth. Allah (swt) says,

"Do they not then consider the Qur'an carefully? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much contradictions."213

ِ ُ ِ َِ ِ ِ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ‫أَﻓَﻼَ ﻳَـﺘَﺪﺑـﱠﺮون اﻟْﻘ ْﺮآن وﻟَﻮ ﻛﺎن ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻏﲑ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻟَﻮﺟﺪواْ ﻓِﻴﻪ اﺧﺘِﻼَﻓًﺎ‬ ْ ْ ََ ْ َْ ُ ‫ﻛﺜِﲑا‬ ً َ

213

Al Qur'an 4:82

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

173

5- KUFFAR SEE THE UMMAH UNITED
The non-Muslims are heavily engaged in dividing and disunited the Muslims and fear unity in the Ummah.

ِ ِ ِ ‫َِ ِ ِ ﱠ َ ﱡ‬ ‫ﻫﻢ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮن ﻻ ﺗُﻨﻔﻘﻮا ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ رﺳﻮل اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻳَﻨﻔﻀﻮا وﻟِﻠﱠﻪ‬ َ َُ َْ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ ُُ َ ‫ﺧﺰاﺋِﻦ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات واﻷَرض وﻟَﻜﻦ اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﲔ ﻻ ﻳَـﻔﻘﻬﻮن‬ َ ُ َ ْ َ َ ِ ُ ‫ََ ُ ﱠ َ َ ِ َ ْ ْ ِ َ ِ ﱠ‬
“They are the ones who say, "Spend nothing on those who are with Allah's Messenger, to the end that they may disperse (and quit Medina)." But to Allah belong the treasures of the heavens and the earth; but the Hypocrites understand not.”214

They are especially afraid because they are themselves disunited despite their appearance of loyalty to each other, and are afraid that the believers have a stronger loyalty to each other,

ِ ٍ ٍ ‫َ َ ُ ْ َِ ً ﱠ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳـُﻘﺎﺗِﻠُﻮﻧَﻜﻢ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ إِﻻ ِﰲ ﻗُـﺮى ﳏَﺼﻨَﺔ أَو ﻣﻦ وراء ﺟﺪر ﺑَﺄْﺳﻬﻢ ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻬﻢ‬ ْ ُ ْ ُ ُ ُ ُ ََ ْ ‫ً ﱡ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﲢﺴﺒُـﻬﻢ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ وﻗُـﻠُﻮﺑـُﻬﻢ ﺷﱴ ذﻟِﻚ ﺑِﺄَﻧﱠﻬﻢ ﻗَـﻮم ﻻ ﻳَـﻌﻘﻠُﻮن‬ َ ِ ْ ‫َ ِ ٌ َْ َ ُ ْ َِ ً َ ُ ْ َ ﱠ َ َ ـ ُ ْ ْ ٌ ﱠ‬

214

AlQur'an 63:7

174

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “Never will they fight you, [even] in unison, otherwise than from within fortified strongholds or from behind walls. Severe is their warlike discord among themselves: thou wouldst think that they are united, whereas [in fact] their hearts are at odds [with one another]: this, because they are people who will not use their reason.”215

215

Al Qur'an 59:14

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

175

6- UMMAH FEELS MORE STRONGER AND MORE UNITED
There are many people inciting Muslims to surrender, give up fighting and fear the enemy's greater number and strength. Public demonstrations in defiance counter these calls and makes the Ummah feel strengthened and united against their enemy and reduces the effect of those who would incite fear,

ً‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻗَﺎل ﳍُﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﺎس إِن اﻟﻨﱠﺎس ﻗَﺪ ﲨَﻌُﻮاْ ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻓَﺎﺧﺸﻮﻫﻢ ﻓَـﺰادﻫﻢ إِﳝَﺎﻧﺎ‬ َ ْ َ ‫ِ َ َ َُ ُ ﱠ‬ ْ َُ َ ْ َُْ ْ ْ ُ ‫وﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ ﺣﺴﺒُـﻨَﺎ اﻟﻠّﻪُ وﻧِﻌﻢ اﻟْ َﻛِﻴﻞ‬ َْ َ ُ ‫َ َْ ﻮ‬
“those who have been warned by other people, "Behold, a host has gathered against you; so beware of them!" - whereupon this only increased their faith, so that they answered, "God is enough for us; and how excellent a guardian is He!”216

ِ ‫ََ ُ ﱠ‬ ‫وإِذ ﻳَـﻘﻮل اﻟْﻤﻨَﺎﻓِﻘﻮن واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ِﰲ ﻗُـﻠُﻮِِﻢ ﻣﺮض ﻣﺎ وﻋﺪﻧَﺎ اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ورﺳﻮﻟُﻪُ إِﻻ‬ َ َ َ ‫ﱠَ ٌ ﱠ‬ َ ََ ُ ُ ُ ُ َْ ‫ﻏُﺮورا‬ ًُ ‫وإِذ ﻗَﺎﻟَﺖ ﻃﱠﺎﺋِﻔ ٌ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ ﻳَﺎ أَﻫﻞ ﻳَـﺜْﺮب ﻻ ﻣﻘﺎم ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻓَﺎرﺟﻌُﻮا وﻳَﺴﺘَﺄْذن‬ َْ ُ ِ ْ َ ِ ْ ْ ُ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ ْ ْ ُ ‫َﺔ ﱢ‬ ‫َ ْ َة َ َ ِ َ ْ ٍَ ِ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ِ ٌ ﱢ ُ ُ ِﱠ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓَﺮﻳﻖ ﻣْﻨـﻬﻢ اﻟﻨﱠﱯ ﻳَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮن إِن ﺑـُﻴُﻮﺗَـﻨَﺎ ﻋﻮرٌ وﻣﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺑِﻌﻮرة إِن ﻳُﺮﻳﺪون إِﻻ‬ َ ‫ﻓِﺮارا‬ ًَ
Al Qur'an 3:173

216

176

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “And [remember how it was] when the hypocrites and those with hearts diseased said [to one another], “God and His Apostle have promised us nothing but delusions!” and when some of them said, “O you people of Yathrib! You cannot withstand [the enemy] here: hence, go back [to your homes]!” — Whereupon a party from among them asked leave of the Prophet, saying, “Behold, our houses are exposed [to attack]!” — The while they were not [really] exposed: they wanted nothing but to flee.”217

217

Al Qur'an 33:13

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

177

7- THE OPPRESSED FEELS SUPPORTED AND NOT FORGOTTEN
Allah (swt) says,

"And what is wrong with you that you fight not in the Cause of Allah, and for those weak, ill-treated and oppressed among men, women, and children, whose cry is: "Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect, and raise for us from You one who will help."218 Public demonstrations allow messages of support and solidarity to reach the ears of those oppressed Muslims around the world and give them comfort and a sense of brotherhood.

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫وﻣﺎ ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻻَ ﺗُـﻘﺎﺗِﻠُﻮن ِﰲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟْﻤﺴﺘَﻀﻌﻔﲔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺟﺎل واﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎء‬ َ َ َ ‫ََ ُ ْ َ َ َ ِ َ ُ ْ ْ َ َ َ ﱢ‬ ِ ِ ِِ ِ ِ ‫واﻟْﻮﻟْﺪان اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮن رﺑـﱠﻨَﺎ أَﺧﺮﺟﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻫـﺬﻩ اﻟْﻘ ْﺮﻳَﺔ اﻟﻈﱠﺎﱂ أَﻫﻠُﻬﺎ‬ َ َ ْ ْ ْ َ َ ُ َ ِ ِ َِ َ َْ ِ ِ ِ ‫واﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﱠﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻟﱠﺪﻧﻚ وﻟِﻴًّﺎ واﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﱠﻨَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻟﱠﺪﻧﻚ ﻧَﺼﲑا‬ َْ َ َْ َ َ َ ُ ً َ ُ

218

Al Qur'an 4:75

178

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

8- BOOSTING THE MORALE OF MUSLIMS IN TIMES OF WEAKNESS
Whenever the oppressing enemy is harmed and humiliated and the believers are supported in their time of weakness, the hearts of the believers will be soothed and their frustration will be eased,

"Fight against them so that Allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of a believing people, And remove the anger of their (believers') hearts. Allah accepts the repentance of whom He wills. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise."219

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫ﻗَﺎﺗِﻠُﻮﻫﻢ ﻳـُﻌﺬﺑْـﻬﻢ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺑِﺄَﻳْﺪﻳﻜﻢ وﳜْﺰﻫﻢ وﻳَﻨﺼْﻛﻢ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ وﻳَﺸﻒ ﺻﺪور‬ َ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ُ‫ُ ْ َ ُ ِ ْ َ ُﺮ‬ ُُ َ ُْ ِ ‫ﻗَـﻮٍم ﻣﺆﻣﻨِﲔ‬ َ ْ‫ْ ﱡ‬ ِ ‫وﻳُﺬﻫﺐ ﻏْﻴﻆ ﻗُـﻠُﻮِِﻢ وﻳَـﺘُﻮب اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻳَﺸﺎء واﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ ﺣﻜﻴﻢ‬ َ َ ْ ِْ َ ُ َْ ٌ َ ٌ َ َ َ َ َ

219

Al Qur'an 9:14-15

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

179

9- MOTIVATES THE BELIEVERS
Demonstrations help to break the frustration and to motivate and drive the hearts and minds of Muslims forward to rise and defend Islam. Allah (swt) says,

"O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Urge the believers to fight. If there are twenty steadfast persons amongst you, they will overcome two hundred, and if there be a hundred steadfast persons they will overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they (the disbelievers) are people who do not understand."220

ِ ِ َ َ ِْ ِ ‫ِ ﱡ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﱠﱯ ﺣﺮض اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﻋﻠَﻰ اﻟْﻘﺘَﺎل إِن ﻳَﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻋﺸﺮون‬ َ ُْ ِ ْ ُ ‫ُ ﱢ‬ َ َ ُ ِ ِ ِ ْ َ َ ْ‫ﺻﺎﺑِﺮون ﻳَـﻐﻠِﺒُﻮاْ ﻣﺌَﺘَـﲔ وإِن ﻳَﻜﻦ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﺌَ ٌ ﻳَـﻐﻠِﺒُﻮاْ أَﻟْﻔﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا‬ َُ َ َ َ ‫ْ َ ُ ﱢ ُ ﱢ ﺔ ْ ً ﱢ‬ ُ ‫ﺑِﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻗَـﻮم ﻻﱠ ﻳَـﻔﻘﻬﻮن‬ َ َُْ ٌْ ْ ُ

220

Al Qur'an 8:65

180

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

10- CREATES ALTERNATIVE MEDIA
Today, the whole world is ruled by man-made laws and anti-Islamic propaganda is widespread in the east and the west. All efforts and tools of the media are utilised to demonise Islam and justify the western aggression against those who call for Islam, Shari'ah law and jihad in the way of Allah. i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. xvi. xvii. xviii. xix. xx. xxi. Using speeches Lectures Teachers Press conferences Radio TV Satellite Internet Videos DVDs Movies Documentaries Newspapers Magazines Comic Books School/College Textbooks ‘Research’ Novels News Stations Pamphlets and many others

In fact, it is rare that Islamic viewpoints are offered any opportunity to even present an argument or tell the true

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? news. Demonstrations allow Muslims to bring to the public hidden news and Islamic understanding as an alternative media outside the control of mainstream media channels and even forcing them to comment on it. Allah (swt) informed us of how Sulayman (as) was informed about hidden news by an unexpected medium, which also presented the Islamic viewpoint upon the news

181

ٍ ِ َ ِ ِ ْ ُِ َ ‫ﻓَﻤﻜﺚ ﻏْﻴـﺮ ﺑَﻌِﻴﺪ ﻓَـﻘﺎل أَﺣﻄﺖ ِﲟَﺎ ﱂْ ﲢﻂ ﺑِﻪ وﺟْﺌﺘُﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺒٍَﺈ ﺑِﻨَﺒٍَﺈ‬ ُ َ ََ َ َ ََ َ ََ ٍِ ‫ﻳَﻘﲔ‬ ٍ ِ ِ ‫إِﱐ وﺟﺪت اﻣﺮأَة َْﻠِﻜﻬﻢ وأُوﺗِﻴَﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲء وﳍَﺎ ﻋ ْﺮش ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ٌ َ ٌ َ َ َ ْ َ ‫ﱢ َ َ ﱡ َْ ً ﲤ ُ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ﱢ‬ ‫وﺟﺪﺗﱡﻬﺎ وﻗَـﻮﻣﻬﺎ ﻳَﺴﺠﺪون ﻟِﻠ ﱠﻤﺲ ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠﱠﻪ وزﻳﱠﻦ ﳍُﻢ اﻟ ﱠﻴﻄَﺎن‬ ُ ْ‫َ َ ـ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ ُ ُ َ ﺸ ْ ِ ِ ُ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ ﺸ‬ ‫أَﻋﻤﺎﳍُﻢ ﻓَﺼ ﱠﻫﻢ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺴﺒِﻴﻞ ﻓَـﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳَـﻬﺘَﺪون‬ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ِ ‫ْ َ َ ْ َﺪ ُ ْ َ ِ ﱠ‬
"But the hoopoe stayed not long, he (came up and) said: "I have grasped (the knowledge of a thing) which you have not grasped and I have come to you from Saba' (Sheba) with true news. "I found a woman ruling over them, and she has been given all things that could be possessed by any ruler of the earth, and she has a great throne. "I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah, and Shaytaan (Satan) has made their deeds fair-seeming to them, and has barred them from (Allah's) Way, so they have no guidance,"221

221

Al Qur'an 27:22-24

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11- REMINDS BELIEVERS
The demonstrations serves as a reminder to the Muslims and they remember Ahkaam and duties that were forgotten.

"And remind (by preaching the Qur'an, O Muhammad SAW) for verily, the reminding benefits the believers."222

ِِْ ُ ُ َ َْ ‫َ ﱢ ﱠ ﱢ‬ ‫وذَﻛ ْﺮ ﻓَِﺈن اﻟﺬﻛﺮى ﺗَﻨﻔﻊ اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﲏ‬

12- PUTS PRESSURE ON THE GOVERNMENTS
The effects of the demonstrations include to pressure governments and tyrant regimes and forcing their agenda. Governments are afraid of the masses as a strong rebellion among the public is enough to shake the very foundation of the authority and cause revolution, it also gives the impression to other countries that the authority is weak and has no control over its citizens and suggests the possibility that they are easily susceptible to being incited against the government. This is especially evident in the Arab Spring, with protests and demonstrations in the face of military fire has been the spark that ended in the overthrow of
222

Al Qur'an 51:55

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? several dictatorial regimes and these protests have become contagious spreading from one country to another. Such a demonstrations is a cause of great fear and concern for tyrant governments everywhere.

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13PUTS PRESSURE ON THE HYPOCRITES
The hypocrites are usually very hidden and conceal themselves well, in fact they are adept at appearing to be convincing and professional such that many people listen to them and take their advice,

‫وإِذا رأَﻳْـﺘَـﻬﻢ ﺗُﻌﺠﺒُﻚ أَﺟﺴﺎﻣﻬﻢ وإِن ﻳَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮا ﺗَﺴﻤﻊ ﻟِﻘﻮِِﻢ ﻛﺄَﻧـﱠﻬﻢ‬ ُ َ ْ ُُ َ ْ َ ِ ْ‫َ َ َ ُ ْ ـ‬ ْ ُ َ ْ ‫ْ َ ْ َ ْﳍ‬ ِ ٍ ‫ﺧﺸﺐ ﻣﺴﻨﱠﺪ ٌ ﳛﺴﺒُﻮن ﻛﻞ ﺻْﻴﺤﺔ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﻫﻢ اﻟْﻌﺪو ﻓَﺎﺣﺬرﻫﻢ ﻗَﺎﺗَـﻠَﻬﻢ‬ ُ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ‫ُ ُ ٌ ﱡ َ َ ة َْ َ َ ُ ﱠ َ َ َ ْ ُ ُ َ ُ ﱡ‬ ‫اﻟﻠﱠﻪُ أَﱏ ﻳـُﺆﻓَﻜﻮن‬ َ ُ ْ ‫ﱠ‬

"And when you look at them, their bodies please you; and when they speak, you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. May Allah curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the Right Path."223 However, in the time of conflict between Muslims and non-Muslims, they attempt to take the side of whoever
223

Al Qur'an 63:4

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? has the upper hand. By coming out in public demonstrations, the Hypocrites are forced to publicise their stance and declare to the Muslims and Kuffar where their loyalty really lies,

"Those (hypocrites) who wait and watch about you; if you gain a victory from Allah, they say: "Were we not with you," but if the disbelievers gain a success, they say (to them): "Did we not gain mastery over you and did we not protect you from the believers?" Allah will judge between you (all) on the Day of Resurrection. And never will Allah grant to the disbelievers a way (to triumph) over the believers."224 The Hypocrites promise both sides that they will support them but in actual fact they do not intend to help anybody but themselves, so when Muslims come out in defiance and confrontation against the falsehood, the Hypocrites expose themselves in front of everyone,

ِ ِ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَـﺘَـﺮﺑﱠﺼﻮن ﺑِﻜﻢ ﻓَِﺈن ﻛﺎن ﻟَﻜﻢ ﻓَـْﺘﺢ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ أَﱂْ ﻧَﻜﻦ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ‬ ْ ُ َ‫َ ُ ﱠ‬ َ ٌ ُْ َ َ ُْ َ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ ‫وإِن ﻛﺎن ﻟِْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﻧَﺼﻴﺐ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ أَﱂْ ﻧَﺴﺘَﺤﻮذ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻜﻢ وَْﻨَـﻌﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ‬ ٌ َ َ َ ‫َ ْ ْ ِ ْ َ ُ ْ َﳕ ْ ُ ﱢ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﻓَﺎﻟﻠّﻪُ ﳛﻜﻢ ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ ﻳَـﻮم اﻟْﻘﻴَﺎﻣﺔ وﻟَﻦ ﳚﻌﻞ اﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻟِْﻠﻜﺎﻓِﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻠَﻰ‬ َ َِ َ َ ُْ َ َ َْ َ َ َ ْ ْ ُ ُ ُ َْ ِ ً‫اﻟْﻤﺆﻣﻨِﲔ ﺳﺒِﻴﻼ‬ َ َ ُْ

224

Al Qur'an 4:141

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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"Have you (O Muhammad SAW) not observed the hypocrites who say to their friends among the people of the Scripture who disbelieve: "(By Allah) If you are expelled, we (too) indeed will go out with you, and we shall never obey any one against you, and if you are attacked (in fight), we shall indeed help you." But Allah is Witness, that they verily, are liars. Surely, if they (the Jews) are expelled, never will they (hypocrites) go out with them, and if they are attacked, they will never help them. And if they do help them, they (hypocrites) will turn their backs, so they will not be victorious."225

ِ َ َ ِ ِ ِ ْ ِ ََ ِ ِ ‫أَﱂْ ﺗَﺮ إِﱃ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻧَﺎﻓَـﻘﻮا ﻳَـﻘﻮﻟُﻮن ﻹﺧﻮا ِِﻢ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا ﻣﻦ أَﻫﻞ اﻟْﻜﺘَﺎب‬ ْ ُ َ ُ َْ ِ َ ُ ُ َ ِ ‫ﻟَﺌِﻦ أُﺧﺮﺟﺘُﻢ ﻟَﻨَﺨﺮﺟﻦ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ وﻻ ﻧُﻄﻴﻊ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ أَﺣﺪا أَﺑَﺪا وإِن ﻗُﻮﺗِْﻠﺘُﻢ‬ ْ َ ً ً َ ْ ُ ُ ََ ْ ُ َ َ ‫ْ ْ ِ ْ ْ ْ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻟَﻨَﻨﺼﺮﻧﱠﻜﻢ واﻟﻠﱠﻪُ ﻳَﺸﻬﺪ إِﻧـﱠﻬﻢ ﻟَﻜﺎذﺑُﻮن‬ َ ِ َ ُْ َُْ َ ْ ُ َُ ‫ﻟَﺌِﻦ أُﺧﺮﺟﻮا ﻻ ﳜْﺮﺟﻮن ﻣﻌﻬﻢ وﻟَﺌِﻦ ﻗُﻮﺗِﻠُﻮا ﻻ ﻳَﻨﺼﺮوﻧَـﻬﻢ وﻟَﺌِﻦ ﻧﱠﺼﺮوﻫﻢ‬ ْ ُ َُ َ ْ ُ ُُ َ َ ْ ََُ َ ُ ُ َ َ ُِ ْ ْ ‫ﻟَﻴُـﻮﻟﱡﻦ اﻷَدﺑَﺎر ُﱠ ﻻ ﻳُﻨﺼﺮون‬ َ َُ َ ‫َ ﱠ ْ ْ َ ﰒ‬

225

Al Qur'an 59:11-12

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Chapter 8: Criticisms of Demonstrations
There is no doubt that there is controversy surrounding the topic of protests and demonstrations among the Muslim community. Some speakers and preachers condemn the idea of Muslims demonstrating, others permit it but criticize those who participate in them for bringing harm to the community or causing division in the community. Although discussing all of the arguments and complaints about demonstrations in detail is a difficult feat, we can briefly summarize the main criticisms in the following 10 points.

1- DEMONSTRATIONS ARE BID’AH
This is a common argument used by supporters of Saudi Arabian authority and pro-government scholars who claim that demonstrations are an innovation and that the prophet (saw) and his companions never held demonstrations or held placards, microphones or gathered outside embassies or anything else similar to these demonstrations.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? However it is also an important to point out that Allah (swt) made the command to carry Da'wah, command good and forbid evil and similar duties of the tongue Mutlaq (unrestricted),

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"Call to the path of your lord with Hikmah (the Sunnah and understanding) and an effective preaching and debate with them in the best manner."226 This means there has been no restriction placed on the place, time or styles and means of Da'wah. Unrestricted by time This means that Da'wah can be made at any time without restriction, any time of day and in any season of the year, the way Nuh (as) said,

ِ ِ ِْ ِ ْ ِ ِ ِ ِ ْ ‫ادعُ إِﱃ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ رﺑﱢﻚ ﺑِﺎﳊِ ْﻤﺔ واﻟْﻤﻮﻋﻈَﺔ اﳊَﺴﻨَﺔ وﺟﺎدﳍُﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟﱠﱵ ﻫﻲ‬ ََ َ َْ َ َ‫َ ِ َ َ ْﻜ‬ َ ِ ِ ‫أَﺣﺴﻦ إِن رﺑﱠﻚ ﻫﻮ أَﻋﻠَﻢ ِﲟَﻦ ﺿﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺒِﻴﻠِﻪ وﻫﻮ أَﻋﻠَﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻬﺘَﺪﻳﻦ‬ َ ْ ُ ُ ْ ََُ َ َ ‫َ ﱠ‬ ُ ْ َُ َ َ ‫ْ َ ُ ﱠ‬

"He said: My Lord! I invited (gave Da'wah to) my people night and day."227 Unrestricted by place This means Da'wah can be made in any place, in any land, in any country whether Muslim countries, lands of non-Muslims, in the east or the west, in Dar ul Islam or Dar ul Harb, in private or public, in the people's homes,

ِ ‫ﻗَﺎل رب إِﱐ دﻋﻮت ﻗَـﻮﻣﻲ ﻟَْﻴﻼ وﻧَـﻬﺎرا‬ ً َ َ ً ْ ُ َْ َ ‫َ َ ﱢ ﱢ‬

226 227

Al Qur'an 16:125 Al Qur'an 71: 5

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? markets, streets, embassies or any other place. Nuh (as) said,

" I invited (gave Da'wah to) them loudly/openly and I went to them publicly and privately."228 Unrestricted by styles and means Whether this was carried out by standing on a mountain and shouting or giving a speech, or during Khutbah Jumu'ah, debates or meeting the people in the markets or their homes, inviting people for food and calling them to Islam - or even taking advantage of modern technology to record lectures, make videos, upload them on the internet, writing leaflets, flyers, books, posters, using radio technology or similar styles and means. No restriction is valid without an evidence There is a principle in the Shari'ah that, "What is Mutlaq (Unrestricted by Allah) can never be restricted except by a divine evidence." In fact to restrict anything that Allah has not restricted is itself the Bid'ah. E.g. If someone specified a time, place or way of fasting that Allah did not specify, e.g. to say "It is forbidden to fast on Wednesdays" or " It is forbidden to fast in London" or "You are obliged or recommended
228

ِ ‫ُﱠ إِﱐ دﻋﻮﺗُﻬﻢ ﺟﻬﺎرا‬ ً َ ْ ُ‫ﰒ ﱢ َ َْ ـ‬ ‫ُﱠ إِﱐ أَﻋﻠَﻨﺖ ﳍُﻢ وأَﺳﺮرت ﳍُﻢ إِﺳﺮارا‬ ً َ ْ ْ َ ُ َْ ْ َ ْ َ ُ ْ ‫ﰒ ﱢ‬

Al Qur'an 71: 8-9

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? to break your fast with orange juice." - these sayings would all be considered innovations. Similarly as there is no evidence to forbid a particular style or means of Da'wah, commanding good or forbidding evil, it is wrong to restrict the use of demonstrations in this way.

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2- DEMONSTRATIONS ARE NOT THE SOLUTION
It is also pointed out that demonstrations are not a methodology or solution to the problems of occupation and war in Muslim countries. Indeed the only solution to removing an occupation of Muslim lands is Jihad physically, financially and verbally. There is no doubt that demonstrations should not be taken as a methodology to remove occupation instead of jihad, however there is no prohibition in using demonstrations as a style and means of supporting the jihad verbally or creating awareness for the cause of oppressed Muslims around the world. This fact alone does not make demonstration prohibited however, it remains a permissible action which may or may not be beneficial.

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3- DEMONSTRATIONS DO NOT ACHIEVE ANYTHING
It is often pointed out that holding a demonstration will not achieve victory for Islam nor defeat the military power of the enemy nor release Muslims from captivity nor change the policies, aggression or reality of the disbelievers and will not bring an end to the war against Islam. So why therefore should we demonstrate? In response we need to appreciate that demonstrations are not a methodology to achieve any of the above rather it is a style and means to fulfilling our duties of supporting Muslims facing conflict around the world and similar causes. Moreover, it is possible for demonstrations to escalate and become a launching point for many changes and uprisings including the recent revolutions in the Arab Spring that saw the end of several dictators and tyrants that had oppressed Muslims for decades. But regardless of whether or not it achieves a victory by itself, indirectly or not at all. This does not make demonstrations permissible or prohibited in Islam. This is a rational observation upon demonstrations and is not a source of legislation.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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4- DEMONSTRATIONS ARE IMITATION OF THE KUFFAR
The prophet (saw) said "Whoever imitates a people is one of them." There is no doubt that to imitate disbelievers in their disbelief or sinners in their sins is Haram in Islam. However it is important to distinguish between imitation of Kuffar and permissible actions and clothes that are common and shared between Muslims and nonMuslims. Prohibited Imitation Imitating non-Muslims in any clothing, action or speech that is related to their religion such as wearing the cloths of a rabbi, Christian priest or Buddhist monk is prohibited Similarly to use their speech that relates to their religion like saying "Merry Christmas" or "Happy Hanukkah" is not allowed. And performing actions that are related to their religion such as celebrating their festivals (e.g. Christmas, Divali, Easter, Valentine's day etc), worshipping their gods or in

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? a way similar to their worship (e.g. Sujud229 during sunset). Also imitating or seeking to appear like sinners and people of disobedience by performing actions or wearing clothes that are associated with their sins is also prohibited (e.g. playing with tools of gambling like playing cards, roulette machines, or wearing the clothes of prostitutes). Permissible actions shared by Muslims and nonMuslims It is also important to distinguish between actions related to the religion of non-Muslims and actions and clothes that are common and unrelated to religion. In fact the clothes and appearance of the Quraish did not differ from the clothes of the Muslims in Makkah at all. They wore similar clothes, kept similar beards and there was no way to distinguish between the Messenger (saw) and the Mushrikeen from their clothes alone nor did the prophet or his companions seek to distinguish themselves from the Mushrikeen of Makkah by their clothes. This is why many Bedouins came to Makkah looking for the prophet (saw) and did not recognise him (saw), so they would ask the people to indicate where the messenger was.
229 Ruku’ and Sujud are the bowing and prostration (respectively) performed as part of the prayer (Salah) five times a day, they are both Ibadaat and can only be performed to Allah (swt) and never to anyone or thing besides Him even if only out of respect.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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Wearing shirts, trousers, dresses, hats, hairstyles, shoes, socks, rings and watches that are similar to those worn by non-Muslims is not prohibited by itself unless they were related to the religion of the non-Muslims or were prohibited by other divine texts (e.g. imitation of opposite gender is prohibited even using permissible clothes). Similarly actions such as playing football or tennis etc or using computers, watching TV, using internet, satellite, radio, magazines, holding exhibitions, demonstrations or other actions that did not exist in the time of the prophet (saw) and are not related to the religion of the people is not considered imitation of disbelievers and is not prohibited in itself unless there was another divine evidence to forbid it.

5- DEMONSTRATIONS PROVOKE THE DISBELIEVERS AND CREATE A BACKLASH ON THE COMMUNITY
A common criticism is that demonstrations provoke the disbelievers and create a backlash on the community leading to calls for deportation, attacks on Muslims in the community and hostility from right wing organisations.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? In fact this is a difficult reality but also one of the oldest consequences of Da'wah and commanding good and forbidding evil that cannot be avoided. It is the Sunnah of Allah that whenever the prophets and their followers would come out to confront the falsehood and oppression, the oppressors and disbelievers would oppose them and harm them.

"And [on that Day] the Messenger (saw) will say: “O my Lord! My people have come to regard this Qur’an as something [that ought to be] discarded! For so it is that against every prophet We have set up enemies from among the criminals: yet none can guide and give succour as your Lord does!”"230 In fact all the prophets faced this same backlash and many of them also faced calls for deportation,

‫ﱢ ﱠ ِ ﱠ‬ ‫وﻗَﺎل اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﻳَﺎ رب إِن ﻗَـﻮﻣﻲ اﲣَﺬوا ﻫﺬا اﻟْﻘ ْﺮآن ﻣﻬﺠﻮرا‬ ْ ً ُ َْ َ ُ ََ ُ َ ُ ُ‫َ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫َﻛﺬﻟِﻚ ﺟﻌ ْﻠﻨَﺎ ﻟِﻜﻞ ﻧَِﱯ ﻋﺪوا ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤﺠﺮﻣﲔ َﻛﻔﻰ ﺑِﺮﺑﱢﻚ ﻫﺎدﻳًﺎ وﻧَﺼﲑا‬ ً َ َ َ َ َ َ‫وَ َ َ َ َ ُ ﱢ ﱟ َ ُ ًّ ﱢ َ ُ ْ ِ َ و‬

‫وﻟُﻮﻃًﺎ إِذ ﻗَﺎل ﻟِﻘﻮﻣﻪ أَﺗَﺄْﺗُﻮن اﻟْﻔﺎﺣﺸﺔَ ﻣﺎ ﺳﺒَـﻘﻜﻢ َِﺎ ﻣﻦ أَﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ‬ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ِْ َ َ ْ ‫ِْ ٍَ ﱢ‬ َ ِ ‫اﻟْﻌﺎﻟَﻤﲔ‬ َ َ ‫إِﻧﱠﻜﻢ ﻟَﺘَﺄْﺗُﻮن اﻟﺮﺟﺎل ﺷﻬﻮة ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻨﱢﺴﺎء ﺑَﻞ أَﻧﺘُﻢ ﻗَـﻮم ﻣﺴﺮﻓُﻮن‬ َ ِ ْ ‫ُ ْ َ ﱢ َ َ َ ْ ًَ ﱢ ُ ِ َ ْ ْ ْ ٌ ﱡ‬ ِِ ‫وﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﺟﻮاب ﻗَـﻮﻣﻪ إِﻻﱠ أَن ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮاْ أَﺧﺮﺟﻮﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗَـ ْﺮﻳَﺘِﻜﻢ إِﻧـﱠﻬﻢ أُﻧَﺎس‬ ‫ُِْ ُ ﱢ‬ ْ َ ََ َ َ ََ ٌ ُْ ُْ ‫ﻳَـﺘَﻄَﻬﺮون‬ َ ُ‫ﱠ‬
Al Qur'an 25:30-31

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? " And (remember) Lut (Lot), when he said to his people: "Do you commit the worst sin such as none preceding you has committed in the 'Alamin (mankind and jinn)? "Verily, you practise your lusts on men instead of women. Nay, but you are a people transgressing beyond bounds (by committing great sins)." And the answer of his people was only that they said: "Drive them out of your town, these are indeed men who want to be pure (from sins)!"231 Indeed the Messenger (saw) also faced a similar backlash because of his criticising the idols of Quraish. Many of his companions were tortured and even killed, some were forced to leave and seek asylum in Abyssinia and the prophet (saw) himself eventually left his place of birth and childhood emigrating to Madinah. It is well known in the Shari'ah that Da'wah and commanding good forbidding evil will inevitably cause difficulty, suffering and backlash upon the caller, but it is not right for him to stop for this reason, rather he must have perseverance (Sabr) in adversity.

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ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ ﺑـُﲏ أَﻗِﻢ اﻟﺼﻼة وأْﻣ ْﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻤﻌﺮوف واﻧْﻪَ ﻋﻦ اﻟْﻤﻨﻜﺮ واﺻِﱪ ﻋﻠَﻰ ﻣﺎ‬ َ َ ْ ْ َ ِ َ ُ ِ َ َ ُ ْ َ ُ َ َ َ ‫َﱠ ِ ﱠ‬ ِ ُ ْ َ ِْ َ َ ‫َ َ ﱠ‬ ‫أَﺻﺎﺑَﻚ إِن ذﻟِﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻋ ْﺰِم اﻷُﻣﻮر‬

231

Al Qur'an 7:80-82

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "O my son! Aqim-is-Salat (perform As-Salat), enjoin (people) for Al-Ma'roof (Islamic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allah, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allah with no exemption."232 This means that if the backlash came as a consequence of Da'wah and commanding good and forbidding evil, it is not correct to forbid demonstrations as a result, refraining from Da'wah for fear of persecution would be against the Sunnah and Hikmah of the messengers.

6- DEMONSTRATIONS TURN PEOPLE AWAY FROM ISLAM
It is important to distinguish between a demonstration aimed at inviting people to Islam and a demonstration aimed at showing support for Muslims under military occupation in a context of war. The latter is bound to be opposed for occupying forces and their families and neighbours etc, it is strange that someone might expect anything different. When showing defiance against a stubborn enemy that is at war with Islam and Muslims, it is not the time or context to invite them to Islam. Rather such a demonstration
232

Al Qur'an 31:17

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? would be an appropriate time to condemn, criticize and demoralize the enemy and this is a priority in times of war than inviting them to Islam. However it is also important to note that the fact that people turn away from Islam and reject the truth is not an indication of an incorrect methodology, style or means or a sinful action. In fact it is well known that the guidance is only from Allah and we cannot guide whoever we like. Allah (swt) says

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" Yet - however strongly you may desire it -most people will not believe [in this revelation],"233 In fact the Da'wah of the messenger Muhammad (saw) was the best way, Hikmah and most beneficial methodology and is an example for us to follow, yet the majority of Quraish and the surrounding tribes did not believe him despite the clear proof and miracles of the Qur'an presented to them. In fact most of them fought against him, insulted him, condemned him, labelled him a lunatic (Majnoon), liar (Kaazib), magician/brainwasher (Saahir), poet (Shaa'ir), fortune-teller (Kaahin), extremist (Saabi') and even a storyteller. They boycotted him, beat and tortured his companions, threw him out of his homeland and tried to defeat him militarily.

ِ ‫وﻣﺎ أَﻛﺜَـﺮ اﻟﻨﱠﺎس وﻟَﻮ ﺣﺮﺻﺖ ِﲟُﺆﻣﻨِﲔ‬ َ ْ َ ْ ََ ْ َ ِ ُ ْ ََ

233

Al Qur'an 12:103

198

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? This is a lesson that this backlash upon the believers as a result of our Da'wah and the fleeing from the truth by stubborn disbelievers is part of the Sunnah of Allah and the Sunnah of the messenger Muhammad (saw) and indeed the Sunnah of every prophet before Islam. Allah (swt) says about Nuh (as):

"He said: My Lord! I invited my people night and day, but my invitation did not increase them except to make them run away [from Islam] even more! And whenever I called them so that you can forgive them, they put their fingers in their ears and covered themselves with their clothes and became stubborn and arrogant in pride."234

ِ ‫ﻗَﺎل رب إِﱐ دﻋﻮت ﻗَـﻮﻣﻲ ﻟَْﻴﻼ وﻧَـﻬﺎرا‬ ً َ َ ً ْ ُ َْ َ ‫َ َ ﱢ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻓَـﻠَﻢ ﻳَﺰدﻫﻢ دﻋﺎﺋِﻲ إِﻻ ﻓِﺮارا‬ ً َ ‫ْ ِْ ُ ْ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ِ ‫وإِﱐ ﻛﻠﱠﻤﺎ دﻋﻮﺗُـﻬﻢ ﻟِﺘَـﻐﻔﺮ ﳍُﻢ ﺟﻌﻠُﻮا أَﺻﺎﺑِﻌﻬﻢ ِﰲ آذا ِِﻢ واﺳﺘَـﻐﺸﻮا‬ ْ َ ْ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ُ َ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ُ َْ َ َ ُ ‫َ ﱢ‬ ‫ﺛِﻴَﺎﺑَـﻬﻢ وأَﺻﺮوا واﺳﺘَﻜﺒَـﺮوا اﺳﺘِ ْﺒَﺎرا‬ ً ‫ُ ْ َ َﱡ َ ْ ْ ُ ْ ﻜ‬

7- DEMONSTRATIONS ARE SWEARING AT THE GODS OF THE KUFFAR
Allah (swt) says,

234

Al Qur'an 71:5-7

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"And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made fair-seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do."235 Indeed to swear at the gods of the disbelievers, or their fathers or to swear in general is prohibited in Islam. There is no disagreement about this and nobody will claim otherwise. However as far as the Shari'ah is concerned, to publicly condemn and declare their gods false, to point out that their idols have no capability to benefit or harm and criticize those who worship them - is not considered swearing at their gods. Likewise to stand against them and declare Baraa'ah (disassociation) and enmity toward them, to declare them evil and imaginary and forbidding people from worshipping them and even to break and destroy their idols is not considered swearing at their gods.

ِ ِ َِ ْ ِ ٍ ِ ِْ ً ْ َ ‫وﻻَ ﺗَﺴﺒﱡﻮاْ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻳَﺪﻋُﻮن ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠّﻪ ﻓَـﻴَﺴﺒﱡﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ ﻋﺪوا ﺑِﻐَﲑ ﻋ ْﻠﻢ‬ ُ َ ُ ُ َ ِ ٍ ْ‫ﻛﺬﻟِﻚ زﻳـﱠﻨﱠﺎ ﻟِﻜﻞ أُﻣﺔ ﻋﻤﻠَﻬﻢ ُﱠ إِﱃ رﱢِﻢ ﻣ ْﺮﺟﻌُﻬﻢ ﻓَـﻴُـﻨَﺒﱢﺌُـﻬﻢ ِﲟَﺎ ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا‬ َ ُ ْ ُ ‫َ َ َ َ ُ ﱢ ﱠ ََ ُ ْ ﰒ َ َ ﱠ‬ ‫ﻳَـﻌﻤﻠُﻮن‬ َ َْ

235

Al Qur'an 6:108

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Moreover, to publicly declare the worshippers of idols to be in hellfire, to oppose them and belittle their efforts at fighting against Islam and Muslims and warning them to stop their aggression is not swearing at their gods. In fact the prophet Muhammad (saw) did all of these things in his lifetime and his companions followed him in that and despite the fact that the Mushrikeen of Quraish would complain to Abu Taalib that, "he has insulted our fathers, swore at our gods and belittled our dreams" This was their interpretation of the prophet's (saw) actions while the prophet (saw) never swore or insulted any fathers. Similarly if someone was to emulate the prophet (saw) in his Baraa'ah and enmity toward the Mushrikeen and their false gods, he would not be sinful even if - like the prophet - the disbelievers accused him of swearing at their gods. Allah (swt) says,

ِِ ‫ﻗَﺪ ﻛﺎﻧَﺖ ﻟَﻜﻢ أُﺳﻮٌ ﺣﺴﻨَ ٌ ِﰲ إِﺑْـﺮاﻫﻴﻢ واﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻪُ إِذ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا ﻟِﻘﻮﻣﻬﻢ إِﻧﱠﺎ‬ ْ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ‫ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ْ َة َ َ ﺔ‬ ْ َْ ‫ﺑـُﺮاء ﻣﻨﻜﻢ وِﳑﱠﺎ ﺗَـﻌﺒُﺪون ﻣﻦ دون اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﻛﻔ ْﺮﻧَﺎ ﺑِﻜﻢ وﺑَﺪا ﺑَـْﻴـﻨَـﻨَﺎ وﺑَـْﻴـﻨَﻜﻢ‬ َ َ ْ ُ ََ ِ ِ ُ ِ َ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ِ َ ُُ َ ِْ ‫ً ﱠ‬ ِ ِ ِ َ ‫ِ َ ﱠ‬ ‫اﻟْﻌﺪاوةُ واﻟْﺒَـﻐﻀﺎء أَﺑَﺪا ﺣﱴ ﺗُـﺆﻣﻨُﻮا ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﱠﻪ وﺣﺪﻩُ إِﻻ ﻗَـﻮل إِﺑْـﺮاﻫﻴﻢ ﻷَﺑِﻴﻪ‬ َ ْ َ َ ََ َْ َ َ َ ْ ‫َ ْ ْ ِ َ ﱠ َ َ َ ْ ُ َ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ٍ ﱠ َ َ ﻮﱠ‬ ‫ﻷَﺳﺘَـﻐﻔﺮن ﻟَﻚ وﻣﺎ أَﻣﻠِﻚ ﻟَﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲء رﺑـﱠﻨَﺎ ﻋﻠَْﻴﻚ ﺗَـ َﻛ ْﻠﻨَﺎ‬ ْ ِ َ ِ َ َِ َ َ ُ‫وإﻟَْﻴﻚ أَﻧـَْﺒـﻨَﺎ وإﻟَْﻴﻚ اﻟْﻤﺼﲑ‬

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim (Abraham) and those with him, when they said to their people: "Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah, we have rejected you, and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred for ever, until you believe in Allah Alone," except the saying of Ibrahim (Abraham) to his father: "Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allah) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allah. "Our Lord! In You (Alone) we put our trust, and to You (Alone) we turn in repentance, and to You (Alone) is (our) final Return,"236

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8- DEMONSTRATIONS ARE HUMILIATING YOURSELVES BECAUSE THE DISBELIEVERS WILL MOCK YOU.
This is an unwise comment and lacks understanding of the Deen of Islam. Rather the history of the prophets who were often disbelieved, labelled, mocked, laughed at, exiled and/or killed is itself proof that such an argument is rejected. Allah (swt) says about the consequences of the Da'wah of the prophet Muhammad (saw) and his companions,

‫إِن اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ أَﺟﺮﻣﻮا ﻛﺎﻧُﻮاْ ﻣﻦ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ﻳَﻀﺤﻜﻮن‬ َ ُ َ ْ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ َُ ْ َ ِ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫وإِذا ﻣﺮواْ ِِﻢ ﻳَـﺘَـﻐَﺎﻣﺰون‬ َ َُ ْ ‫َ َ َﱡ‬

236

Al Qur'an 60:4

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

"Verily! (During the worldly life) those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed. And whenever they passed by them, used to wink one to another (in mockery); And when they returned to their own people, they would return jesting; And when they saw them, they said: "Verily! These have indeed gone astray!" But they (disbelievers, sinners) had not been sent as watchers over them (the believers). But this Day (the Day of Resurrection) those who believe will laugh at the disbelievers."237 In fact the advice of the prophet (saw) tells us the complete opposite, Imam Ahmed narrated that ibn Nameer narrated that al A'mash narrated from Amr ibn Murrah from Abu Bukhtari from Abu Sa'eed al Khudree, (ra) that the messenger (Saw) said,

ِ ‫وإِذا اﻧﻘﻠَﺒُﻮاْ إِﱃ أَﻫﻠِﻬﻢ اﻧﻘﻠَﺒُﻮاْ ﻓَﻜﻬﲔ‬ َ ُِ ْ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ‫وإِذا رأَوﻫﻢ ﻗَﺎﻟُﻮا إِن ﻫﺆﻻء ﻟَﻀﺎﻟﱡﻮن‬ َ َ َُ َ ‫ﱠ‬ ْ ُْ َ َ َ ِ ِ ‫وﻣﺎ أُرﺳﻠُﻮا ﻋﻠَْﻴﻬﻢ ﺣﺎﻓِﻈﲔ‬ َ َ ْ ِ َ ْ ََ ‫ﻓَﺎﻟْﻴَـﻮم اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻜ ﱠﺎر ﻳَﻀﺤﻜﻮن‬ َ ُ َ ْ ِ ‫ْ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ُﻔ‬

237

Al Qur'an 83:29-34

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? "No one of you should humiliate yourself - such that you see a matter concerning Allah that you should speak about but you do not speak, so Allah will say "What prevented you from speaking about it?" and he will say "My Lord! I was afraid of the people" so Allah will say "Verily I am more deserving to be feared.""238

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9- DEMONSTRATIONS ARE BAGHI AGAINST OUR RULERS
The complaint of many government scholars is that demonstrations opposition to the ruling governments is a form of rebellion and rejecting the authority while Allah (swt) says.

"O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the messenger and those in authority among you."239 And it is reported by Abdullah ibn Umar that the messenger (saw) said, “Whoever withdraws the hand of obedience (i.e. Bay'ah) will meet Allah with no excuse, and whoever dies without on his neck allegiance (Bay'ah) he will die the death of Jahiliyyah.”240

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ أَﻃﻴﻌُﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ وأَﻃﻴﻌُﻮاْ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل وأُوِﱄ اﻷَﻣﺮ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ‬ َ َْ َ ُ‫ﱠ‬ َ َ ْ ُ ِْ َ

238 Narrated in Musnad Imam Ahmed. It was also narrated from Abdul Razzaq from Al Thawr, from Zaid from Amr ibn Murrah, it was also narrated by ibn Majah from Abu Kuraib from Abdullah ibn Nameer and Abu Mu'awiyah, both from al A'mash. 239 Al Qur'an 4:59 240 Saheeh Muslim

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

And the Hadith reported in Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Hudhaifah that the prophet (saw) said, “There will be after me rulers who will not follow my guidance nor my traditions and there will be among them a man with the heart of the Shayateen in a human body,” Hudhaifah said, “What should I do if I am in that time Ya Rasulullah?” The prophet (saw) said, “listen and obey even if your back has been lashed and your money has been taken.”241 However Ahl Al Sunnah Wal Jama'ah combine all evidences and do not isolate some from the correct context. Allah (swt) continues in the above verse,

"O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the messenger and those in authority among you. But if you differ with them (the rulers) in any matter, then go back to Allah and his messenger..."242 Ibn Katheer mentioned in his Tafseer243 of this verse that we never rise against our rulers unless we see evidence
Bukhari and Muslim Al Qur'an 4:59 243 Tafseer is the commentary or elaboration of the Qur’an; we must be careful of making our own interpretation or commentary of the Qur’an as that is heavily dispraised and forbidden by Allah (swt) rather we must refer only to
241 242

ِ ِ ِ ِ ‫ﻳَﺎ أَﻳـﱡﻬﺎ اﻟﱠﺬﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮاْ أَﻃﻴﻌُﻮاْ اﻟﻠّﻪَ وأَﻃﻴﻌُﻮاْ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل وأُوِﱄ اﻷَﻣﺮ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻓَِﺈن‬ َ َْ َ ُ‫ﱠ‬ َ َ ْ ُ ِْ َ ِ َ ِْ ُ ِ ‫َ ٍ ﱡ َ ِ ﱠ‬ ‫ﺗَـﻨَﺎزﻋﺘُﻢ ِﰲ ﺷﻲء ﻓَـﺮدوﻩُ إِﱃ اﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟﺮﺳﻮل إِن ﻛﻨﺘُﻢ ﺗُـﺆﻣﻨُﻮن ﺑِﺎﻟﻠّﻪ واﻟْﻴَـﻮِم‬ ُ َ ْ َ ْ ْ َْ ُ ْ ِ ُ ْ َ ٌ َ َ َ ِِ ً‫اﻵﺧﺮ ذﻟِﻚ ﺧْﻴـﺮ وأَﺣﺴﻦ ﺗَﺄْوﻳﻼ‬ َ

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? of clear disbelief (Kufr Bawaah) and he quoted the Hadith of Ubaadah bin Saamit, As reported by Abdullah ibn Mas'ood in Saheeh Muslim that the prophet (saw) said, “There is no Nabi that Allah sent before me, except that he had from his Ummah supporters and companions who follow his traditions and obey his order, and there will always be after them successors who differ with those who were before them, they will say what they do not do and they will do what they have not been ordered. Whoever struggles against them with his hand is a believer and whoever struggles against them with his tongue is a believer and whoever struggles against them with his heart is a believer and there is no atom of Imaan after that.”244 It is reported by Imam ibn Rajab Al Hanbali in Jami’ Al Uloom that he said, “That Hadith is an evidence that jihad against the ruler by the hand is part of changing the Munkar.”245 Also, in the famous Hadith of Ubaadah ibn Saamit as recorded in Bukhari and Muslim, that he said,

205

the Tafseer of the prophet (saw) and his companions and that is binding upon us as they are the saved sect and standard for us and their understanding of the Qur’an is praised by Allah explicitly in the Qur’an itself as is the command to follow them in it. 244 Saheeh Muslim 245 Jami’ Al Uloom p304

206

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? “We pledged to Rasulullah to listen and obey in ease and in hardship, in what we like or dislike, in health or sickness, and to favour others and not to challenge people in authority unless we see explicit Kufr246 with a divine evidence from Allah.”247 And in another narration “…and not to rise against people in authority and to speak the truth wherever we are and not to fear from - for the sake of Allah - any consequences.” Qadi Iyaad commented that "If any corruption occurs in the rulers, or (he) implements Kufr or any Bid’ah248 in the Ummah - he no longer holds the authority, and it becomes a duty upon Muslims to rise against him and for groups of Muslims to rise to remove him.”249

10- DEMONSTRATIONS DO NOT HAVE ANY BENEFIT
246 The Kufr is two types and Shirk is also two, the Fisq two, the Bid’ah two and the Zulm two etc; they are all divided similar to the Kufr, that is into Kufr Akbar (big disbelief) and Kufr Asghar (small disbelief), the first taking the committer out of the fold of Islam and permitting the shedding of his wealth and taking of his wealth and the latter reducing his Imaan but without to take him out of the Millah of Islam. Similarly Shirk is also Akbar and Asghar and Fisq and Bid’ah etc are big and small, all in a similar fashion. 247 Bukhari and Muslim and Tafseer ibn Katheer 248 The Bid’ah is any innovation in the Deen, it is a form of competing with Allah (swt) by introducing a new matter into the Deen not found in the divine texts intending to become closer to Allah (swt); every Bid’ah is misguidance and every misguidance is in the hellfire. Al Bid’ah can be of two, Al Bid’ah Al Akbar that takes one out of the fold of Islam or Al Bid’ah Al Asghar which decreases the Imaan without to negate it. 249 Sharh Muslim, vol. 12, p. 229

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

207

This has been sufficiently explained and the vast number of possible benefits arising from demonstrations and the possible harms have been discussed in detail in previous chapters of this book however in summary we can say the following. Maslahah (benefit) is the aim of the Shari'ah of Islam. The Shari'ah gives precedence to the benefit of protecting the Deen and remaining firm upon the laws of Allah (swt). This means that the Maslahah is always to obey the commands of Allah and fulfilling the commands of Allah are always beneficial and will always remove harm. So if a demonstration involved Haram actions such as: • • • • • • • music, uncovering of 'Awrah, nationalism and patriotism (e.g. nationalistic flags), calling for Bid'ah (e.g. the birthday of the prophet), calling for sins (e.g. gay pride marches), calling for Kufr (e.g. Geneva conventions, European bill of human rights), promoting Tawagheet (e.g. UN resolutions, MPs, rulers in Muslim countries),

208

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? • condemning Muslims (e.g. by speaking against Jihad and the duty of Muslims to defend their lives in Palestine and elsewhere), or any similar prohibited things,

Then this is harmful and prohibited in Islam. However if the demonstration involved fulfilling commands of Allah such as: • commanding good and forbidding evil, • speaking truth in front of a tyrant ruler, • showing support for Muslims and jihad, • striking fear into the hearts of the enemies of Muslims, • frustrating the enemy, • cooperating with Muslims in good deeds • and similar actions that Allah has commanded this Ummah with in the Shari'ah of Islam, Then there can be no doubt that such a demonstration is beneficial and not harmful even if the Mushrikeen hate it and retaliate.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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Chapter 9: Conclusion
We can see that demonstrations are a permissible style and means which can be used to fulfil duties and obligations sanctioned and legislated by Islam. Demonstrations provide an environment and event that gives Muslims an opportunity to speak out and create public awareness and impact in a way that would not be available to them otherwise. These demonstrations can contain a lot of benefit if utilized to fulfil commands of Allah such as commanding good, forbidding evil, supporting Muslims, prevailing the Deen, calling for jihad, motivating the believers and co-operating in good deeds and Taqwa. This type of demonstrations has many beneficial outcomes such as causing pressure upon tyrant regimes, disbelievers, hypocrites, allowing Muslims to meet scholars and hear hidden news and Islamic viewpoints on public affairs as well as raising the profile of Islam and sparking healthy debate. Any physical harm that results upon the protestors in the process of these great duties should be expected as it is the Sunnah of Allah and is considered nullified. This type of harm does not make demonstrations Haram and should not discourage participation.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

However Demonstrations can also very easily be used to commit sins and disobey the commands of Allah causing great harm. This disobedience is considered to be a serious harm that must be avoided at all costs. Prohibited things such as innovations, music, uncovering of 'Awraat and wearing of makeup and perfumed, freemixing of men and women, praising sins, tyrant rulers, Tawagheet, calling for Kufr ideologies such as democracy or man-made laws such as 'human rights' or 'UN resolutions' and displaying or chanting nationalistic slogans and flags are common in many demonstrations and should not take place. We should purify our demonstrations and avoid all of these harmful prohibited things and target beneficial duties laid down in the Shari'ah to govern our demonstrations.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial?

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Glossary
The following is a glossary of Arabic and complex English words used in this book and similar books by this author. It is not intended to be a dictionary and some words may have additional meanings not mentioned here, particularly Arabic words. This glossary however, is intended primarily to help readers understand the words relevant to the discussion of this book in the proper context and so explanations have been summarized with that purpose in mind. Some words are not mentioned in this book but are mentioned in other books by the author but have been included here as it may also benefit the reader. Tips for using the glossary: (i) If you cannot find the word you are looking for, try searching for the same word with “Al-“ prefixed to it. (ii) If you cannot find a word starting with a vowel, try searching for the same word with an apostrophe prefixed to it. (iii) Try searching for the same word with an alternate spelling e.g. Omar instead of Umar.

‘Asabiyyah – Nationalism, racism, patriotism, tribalism and all other prohibited forms of partisan. ‘Asr – The mid-afternoon prayer, prayed when the sun declines towards the west and the shadows are a full length (or two lengths for some schools of thought). ‘Awrah – The parts of the body that people are obliged to cover in front of others. ‘Iddah – Waiting period for divorced or widowed women in which sexual relationship, marriage and other things are forbidden. ‘Isa ibn Maryam – A prophet of Allah, who was born without any father, also known as Jesus son of Mary.

A’isha g – A’isha bint Abi Bakr was the most beloved wife of the Messenger Muhammad (saw) and the daughter of the best of the companions, Abu Bakr alSiddeeq d. She was one of the most knowledgeable companions and one of the greatest examples and role models for women. Allah revealed 11 verses of the Qur’an in Surah alNoor purifying her from any accusation or attack. Aashoorah – The tenth day of Muharram. Abdullah ibn Abbas – A companion of the prophet (saw) and scholar. He was given the title ‘Translator of the Qur’an (Turjuman ul Qur’an) and the Mayor of Tafseer, because of his incredible knowledge of the Qur’an and its interpretation. The prophet made a specific

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? supplication for him that Allah gives him knowledge of the interpretation of the Qur’an. Abdullah Ibn Amr ibn al ‘Aas – One of the knowledgeable companions of the prophet (saw) who memorized the Qur’an and used to recite it. Abdullah ibn Mas’ood – One of the first believers and companions of the prophet (saw) who believed at a young age and grew to be one of the greatest scholars of Islam. Abdullah ibn Omar – The son of Umar ibn alKhattab and a knowledgeable scholar and companion of the prophet (saw). and messengers. He was the closest friend and companion of the prophet (saw) and the narrations testifying to his character and status are overwhelming. He was nicknamed al-Siddeeq because he believed in the prophet (saw) without wavering, even when all others disbelieved him. Abu Bakrah – A companion of the prophet (saw). Abu Dardaa’ – A companion of the prophet (saw) renowned for his knowledge and understanding of the Islamic rules. Abu Dharr – A companion of the Prophet (saw).

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Abu Hurairah – A companion who Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq – The memorized and narrated best man ever to walk the the most Ahadith about earth besides the prophets the prophet (saw). He was

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? nicknamed Abu Hurairah, the people of knowledge which means the father of or Islamic scholars. a kitten, because he used Ahl al-Kitaab – People of to look after cats. the scriptures, namely the Abu Musa al-Ash’ari – A Jews, Christians and famous scholar, Mufti and Sabians. They are people companion of the Prophet who were given (saw). scriptures in the past before the coming of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree – A Muhammad (saw) and so companion of the believe in some previous prophet. prophets. However, unless they believe in the Adam a – The first man prophet Muhammad and prophet created by (saw) after he has arrived, Allah ‫ .ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬He was sixty they will still go to hellfire cubits tall and lived for a as disbelievers. thousand years and mankind since then has Ahl al-Sunnah walcontinued to decrease in Jama’ah – The People of height and life span. He Sunnah and Jama’ah are was expelled from Jannah the prophet Muhammad after he and his wife (saw) and his companions Hawwaa (Eve) were f, and those who follow tricked into eating from their path and believe in the forbidden tree. Islam according their Adhaan – call to prayer Ahl al-Dhikr – People of Remembrance, which are same understanding. They are called people of Sunnah because they stick closely to the example of

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? the prophet (saw) and they are called people of al-Jama’ah because they stick closely to the example of the companions and as such they are united in beliefs and opinions wherever they are in the world, despite have never met each other. Akhlaaq – Islamic personality and character. Al-‘Aleem – The AllKnowing, one of the names and attributes of Allah ‫.ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬ al-‘Awrah – The private parts of a person that must be covered from other people. Alameen – The worlds or all of mankind and the jinn. al-Baraa’ ibn Aazib – A famous companion of the Prophet (saw). al-Birr – Good deeds and righteousness Ali ibn Abi Taalib – One of the most knowledgeable companions of the prophet (saw). He was also the first cousin and son-in-law of the prophet (saw). He married Fatimah, the prophet’s (saw) daughter and all the descendants of the Messenger (saw) are from his children from Fatimah. al-Izhaar ul-Deen – Prevailing of the religion of Islam until it is dominant over all other ways of life. Allah – The one and only god, whom there is none worthy of worship, obedience or submission besides Him ‫ .ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬He is The Creator and Sustainer of all that is the universe and has no need for

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? anything or anyone, He does not beget and is not begotten and there is nothing similar to Him. al-Quwwah – power and strength, the prophet (saw) said that the strength is in missile weapons.

al-Lawh ul-Mahfooz – The preserved tablet. This is al-Raheem – The most the record in which the merciful, Allah is alfate and destiny of all Rahman and al-Raheem, people and Jinn has been al-Rahman is His attribute written from the start of of mercy to all mankind in the creation. this life, despite their disbelief and al-Ma’loom min al-Deen transgression. al-Raheem bil-Dharoorah – What is is His attribute of mercy known from the Deen (i.e. towards the believers in religion of Islam) by the hereafter specifically, necessity. allowing them into Jannah (Paradise). al-Masaakeen – Needy people who have nothing al-Rahman – see alto provide for themselves. Raheem. al-Mughirah ibn Shu’bah – al-Rami – Missile weapons A companion of the i.e. any form of shooting Prophet (saw). weapon, whether a sling, bow and arrow, guns, al-Muttaqoon – The pious rockets or even throwing people, i.e. those who a stone. have al-Taqwa (fear of Allah that prevents them from sinning). al-Sabireen – Those who are patient and persevere

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? in their obedience, enduring any hardship or suffering unwaveringly. al-Shirk – Polytheism, the act of associating partners with Allah, whether by attributing the functions, rights or descriptions of Allah to any other thing or being, or by claiming that Allah shares his functions, rights, names or attributes with any other being or thing. This is the worst crime and unforgiveable sin possible and the one who dies without repenting from this sin will inevitably enter hellfire forever. al-Tashaa’um – Pessimism. al-Tawheed al-Zaahirah – All apparent actions of worship done sincerely and exclusively to please Allah i.e. those performed by the tongue and the limbs. al-Teerah – superstitions and omens. Amaanah – A trust i.e. something entrusted to a person to look after. Ameer – Leader. Anas bin Maalik – A companion of the prophet (saw) and the last surviving member of the prophet’s (saw) close companions. Andaad – False gods that are loved for their sake the way the believers love Allah exclusively.

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al-Tawheed al-Baatinah – All hidden actions of worship done sincerely and exclusively to please Angels – Creatures, created Allah i.e. those performed by Allah from light, who obey Allah’s every by the heart.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? command and never disobey Him ‫ .ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬They companions f against the Makkans.

continuously worship and Bani An-Nadir – A Jewish glorify Him and carry out tribe that existed in the tasks set by Allah to time of the prophet (saw). maintain the functions of the earth e.g. the weather. Bani Israel – The descendants of Ya’qoob Aqeedah – Decisive and (Jacob) whose name is certain belief based on also Isra’eel. They are the explicit and authentic Jews. evidences. Barakah – Blessings from Awliyaa’ – friends or Allah. allies. Is sometimes used in reference to those close Ba'th – The resurrection on to Allah and so the Day of Judgment. considered the friends of Bay’ al-Gharar – Trade by Allah, but in reality all believers are the friends of deception. Allah. Bay’ah – Oath of allegiance. Ayah – Verse of the Qur’an. Ayyub a – A prophet of Allah, also known as Job. Bedouins – The nomadic Arab tribes that live in the deserts of Arabia.

Christians – Followers of Badr – (i) The full moon the Christian faith, who (ii) the first major battle claim that Jesus a was the fought by the prophet Muhammad (saw) and his son of God, or even that

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? he a was God Himself. This is a Kufr belief and they are disbelievers (Kuffar) in Islam. Da’wah – Inviting and calling people to Islam. Dar – A domain or state Dar of Hijrah – The Domain of Emigration; one of the titles given to Madinah and the Islamic state because people emigrate to it from nonIslamic lands. Dawood a – A prophet of Allah, also known as David. Deen – Way of life i.e. a belief that people practice and fight to defend or propagate. Dinar – The measurement of gold currency employed by the prophet (saw). One Dinar is 4.25g of gold. Dirham – The measurement of silver currency employed by the prophet (saw). Du’a – Supplication or prayer. Dunyaa – this temporary world that we live in. Faatihah – the opening chapter of the Qur’an. Fahishah – Any unlawful sexual act or related things such as pornography, adultery, sexual swear words etc. Fajr – The dawn prayer, prayed between the first light of dawn and the start of the sunrise. Fardh – Obligation or compulsory action, such that a person is sinful for neglecting it and rewarded for performing it. Fasiq - Sinner

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Fatawaa (pl.) – Fatwa (sing.) Islamic verdicts derived from divine evidences, given by an Islamic scholar in answer to a question. Fatwa – see Fatawaa Fiqh – Understanding of the Qur’an and Sunnah about the divine rules related to our actions. Fitrah – (i) Natural disposition on which people were created. This includes the instinct to worship only Allah, attraction to the opposite gender and to fear death etc. (ii) instinctive acts of cleanliness e.g. cutting nails, trimming the moustache etc. Ghaib – Unseen matters which nobody but Allah can have knowledge of except if He revealed it to them (e.g. future events). Gheerah – chivalry and protectiveness towards female relatives e.g. wives, daughters, mothers, sisters etc. Ghusl – Ritual act of cleanliness involving washing all parts of the body with water with the intention of removing the big ritual impurity. Hadath al Akbar – Big ritual impurity requiring Ghusl to remove. Hadath al Asghar – Small ritual impurity requiring Wudu’ to remove. Hadith – A report or narration, usually about a saying, action or consent of the prophet (saw) or his companions. Hadith Qudsi – A report or narration that has been attributed to the prophet (saw) concerning what he in turn has narrated from

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Hasan – Good, often used in reference to Hajj – The ritual act of classification of Ahadith, pilgrimage to Makkah, Hasan being good and is obligatory upon every generally accepted, but capable Muslim to not as authentic as a perform at least once in narration classed as their lives. Saheeh. Inauthentic or weak narrations are not Halal – Permitted or legal. accepted in Islamic Haleem – The one who has jurisprudence. forbearance i.e. controls Hasan Ibn Ali – A his/herself in anger. companion and grandson Haq – (i) The truth. (ii) A of the prophet (saw). He right. is the son of Ali ibn Abi Taalib d and Fatimah bint Haram – Prohibited or Muhammad g. illegal. Things can be prohibited to benefit from Hayaa' – Shyness or such as alcohol and modesty. actions can be prohibited Hellfire – The everlasting such that a person is punishment in the sinful for committing it and rewarded for avoid it. hereafter reserved for those who disbelieve in Harith ibn Ash’ari – A and associate partners companion of the prophet with Allah ‫ .ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬The (saw). hellfire is seven levels, the Hasad – Envy shallowest of which is reserved for temporarily Allah.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? punishing disobedient believers before they go to Jannah. Hijrah – Emigration. rule legislated by Allah in the Qur’an and Sunnah. Hypocrisy – see Nifaaq Ibn Abbas – see Abdullah ibn Abbas

Hind bint 'Utbah g – A companion of the prophet Ibrahim a – A prophet of (saw). She is the wife of Allah, also known as Abu Sufyan d, both she Abraham. The prophet and her husband used to Muhammad (saw) was a mistreat the prophet (saw) descendant of Ibrahim a before embracing Islam as were the Jews and after the conquest of Christians. Makkah. Hisaab – Account. The divine account on the day of judgement will be when all the deeds of people will be brought forth and counted.

Ihsan – Worshipping Allah in the best way as if we are seeing Him ‫ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ‬in front of us.

Ijtihaad – Exhausting utmost effort to derive and verify Islamic rules Hud a – A prophet of from the divine evidences Allah. for matters that are not Hudhaifa ibn al-Yamaan – already explicitly A companion of the detailed. In order to make prophet (saw) and a Ijtihaad, the person must narrator of many Ahadith. have the necessary tools and knowledge of the Hukm al-Shar’ee – Divine Arabic language and

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? sciences of the Qur’an, Hadith and Usul. Ikhlaas – Sincerity; to target nothing but the pleasure of Allah by an action and not the pleasure of other people or fame or reputation etc. disappeared from the sky and before the first light of dawn. Islam – Submission to Allah exclusively, following Him through obedience to His revelation and disassociation from Shirk and its people.

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Imaan – Belief in Allah, His books, His angels, His messengers, the divine Islamic state – An Islamic fate and destiny in the state is one that governs heart, testifying to that the people exclusively by with the tongue and the Shari’ah of Islam. acting accordingly with Where the sovereignty is the limbs. for none but Allah and no single man-made law is Imam – Leader or ruler. prevalent. It is prohibited Injeel – Gospel revealed to to rule a country by any other system. the prophet ‘Isa a (Jesus). Iqamat-as-Salat – Establishing the prayer. Ishaa – The night prayer obligatory upon all Muslims, performed after the night has fallen and all redness has Israfeel – An angel who will blow the trumpet to announce the last hour and the commencement of the day of judgement. Isti’aanah – Seeking help or refuge. Making Isti’aanah to other than

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Allah is Shirk. Istighaatha – Appealing for help and aid. Making Istighaathah to other than Allah is Shirk. Istihlaal – Making lawful what Allah has made unlawful, which is an act of Shirk Akbar and apostasy. Istijmaar – Using absorbent stones to clean the private parts after using the toilet. Jama’ah – Group or collective body headed by a leader. Jameel – Beautiful Janaabah – State of ritual impurity e.g. after intercourse or a wet dream. Jannah – Everlasting paradise reserved for the believers in the hereafter.

Jews – The descendants of the prophet Ya’qoob a and those chosen by Allah Istinjaa’ – Washing the to receive many prophets, private parts to remove each succeeding another traces of urine and stool until they were sent Isa after going to the toilet. (Jesus) a whom they rejected. Those among the Jabir ibn Abdullah – A Jews who refuse to companion of the prophet recognize the (saw). prophethood of Jahiliyyah – Ignorance, the Muhammad (saw) are companions often used to disbelievers and are destined for hellfire. refer to their lives before the advent of Islam as ‘the Jibreel – The angel days of Jahiliyyah’ entrusted by Allah to

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? guard the revelation and take down the books of Allah to the prophets. Also known as Gabriel. see us and can possess people and perform incredible feats that are impossible for people. They have freewill like humans and there are believers and disbelievers among them. They will be accounted, rewarded and/or punished like humans on the day of judgement.

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Jihad – Jihad is defined as ‘Exhausting utmost effort fighting the disbelievers in order to make the word of Allah the highest.’ This can be physical, financial, verbal and by the heart. Struggling against one’s desires, commanding Jizyah – A tax paid by good and forbidding evil non-Muslim citizens of an and seeking knowledge Islamic state in return for have also been described the protection, welfare as a form of Jihad. and covenant offered to them by the state. Jilbaab – A plain, loose, barrel-shaped dress that is Jubn – Cowardice, such worn from the neck to the that a person disobeys feet by women over their Allah out of fear for normal clothes when people or other worldly entering any public place things. as an Islamic duty. Junub – Big ritual impurity Jinn – Creatures created by that occurs as a result of Allah from fire. They sexual intercourse, cannot be seen by ejaculation, menses or humans, though they can post-natal bleeding.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Ka’bah – The first house purpose of proving built for the worship of prophethood and do not Allah by Ibrahim in come with a challenge. Makkah. It is the direction Khalaf – Succeeding of prayer for all Muslims generations i.e. all around the world. generations that came Kaafir (sing.) – (pl. Kuffar) after the prophet (saw) A disbeliever in Islam and his companions. and/or in the final Khalifah – The ruler of an prophethood of the Islamic state, who is Messenger Muhammad elected to rule and govern (saw). the affairs of people Kaahin – A fortune-teller. according to the laws of Allah as revealed to the Kahaanah – prophet Muhammad Fortunetelling. (saw). Khawaarij – The first sect to arise in the history of Islam. They rose during the rule of Imam Ali ibn Abi Taalib d, because of a dispute that occurred Karamaat – Amazing feats among the Sahabah, which was solved by the performed by Allah to arbitration of Ali d and support pious people, Mu’awiyah d to Abu these are different to Musa al-Ash’ari and miracles (Mu’jizaat) in Amru ibn al-‘aas. They that they are not for the Kalimah – A word or sentence, usually used in reference to the testimony that ‘there is none worthy of worship besides Allah…’

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? claimed that those medicine. companions were Kuffar – see Kaafir disbelievers, claiming that they sought an arbiter Kufr – Disbelief in Islam or other than Allah and rose the prophet Muhammad as rebels against the rule (saw). of Ali d and were fought Layyin – A gentle person against by the Muslims until they relented. Lut a – A prophet of Allah who fought against Khawf – Fear. homosexuality in Sodom Khimar – A headscarf and Gomorrah. Also worn by Muslim women known as Lot in public, covering all of Ma’roof – Good deeds their hair, necks and according to the divine chests. It is compulsory upon all women to wear a evidences i.e. any rewardable actions that Khimar in public or in Allah has commanded us front of foreign men. to do. Khushoo’ – Ritual fear Maal ul Gholool – Wealth during any ritual acts, stolen from the booty. particularly the Salah. Kiraman Katibeen – The recording angels that write down the good and bad deeds of the people. Kohl – a form of eyeliner used as make-up or Madinah – City, the City of the prophet Muhammad (saw) in Hijaz, where the Muslims emigrated to from Makkah and where they established the first Islamic state.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Maghrib – The obligatory sunset prayer, prayed between the sunset and complete nightfall. Magic – Magic is understood in Islam to be the use of Jinn by people, for any purpose. Whether they are used to harm people or benefit them, any contact with the Jinn is prohibited in Islam. or dispraised if he happens to do it. Maalik - The angel of hellfire Maalik ul Mawt - The angel of death Mandoob – Recommended actions, such that if a person performs it, they are rewarded but they are not punished for neglecting it.

Mahram – A person that is prohibited for marriage. Mani’ – prevention, i.e. a This term is also used to matter that prevents an refer to male relatives that Islamic rule from taking act a chaperones or effect or being performed guardians for them e.g. impurity prevents during travel or other prayer. needs. Masjid – Place of worship Makrooh – Disliked for Muslims to worship action. The indecisive Allah exclusively and request of the legislator where the prayer is upon the responsible prayed in congregation person not to do a thing. five times every day. A person is rewarded for abstaining from this form Messenger – Men chosen by Allah to receive of action but is not sinful

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? revelation and convey a new message from Allah to the people. Messiah – al-Maseeh, i.e. ‘Isa ibn Maryam (Jesus son of Mary), the false messiah al-Maseeh alDajjal is one of the signs of the final hour whose name is ‘Isa ibn Dawood. Mika’il – The name of one of the angels. Mu’adh ibn Jabal – A companion of the prophet. Mu’jizah (sing.) – (pl. Mu’jizaat) miracle, an extraordinary matter performed with the permission of Allah, coming with a divine unbeatable challenge to mankind, sent in order to prove the prophethood of a messenger or prophet and to increase the belief of the believers. Mu’min – A believer in Islam, who testifies to and practicing his belief. Muhajireen – The emigrants. Usually referring specifically to those Muslims that believed in Islam before the emigration of the prophet Muhammad (saw) from Makkah to Madinah. Muhammad (saw) – The name of the final Messenger of Allah, sent as the leader and seal of the prophets. Allah revealed the Qur’an to him (saw) and sent him as a mercy and messenger to all of mankind. Muharram – (i) Prohibited (ii) the name of the first month of the Islamic calendar. Mujoon – Places of disobedience, which people attend to commit

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? sins e.g. pubs, night clubs etc. Munafiq – Hypocrite, one who shows Islam in his/her apparent sayings and actions but conceals disbelief (Kufr) in his/her heart. submits to, worships, follows and obeys none but Allah and does not associate partners with Him in any matter. Najaasah - Impurity

Nakir – The name of one of two angels that will Munkar – (i) Any bad deed question every soul in the as defined by the Shari’ah. graves. i.e. anything that has been Nameemah – Spreading prohibited by Allah calumnies or rumours whether Haram or that spread discord Makrooh. (ii) the name of between people. one of two angels that will question every soul in the Nifaaq – Hypocrisy, graves. Nifaaq is two types, (i) the Mushrikeen (pl.) – (sing. Mushrik) Polytheists, any people who worship other than Allah or associate partners with him. See also al-Shirk. Muslim – The believer in the Deen of al-Islam. Muwahhid (masc.) - (Fem. Muwahhidah) – One who big Nifaaq which is the hypocrisy of people who disbelieve in Islam but pretend to be Muslims. It is impossible for any human to recognize these people in this life unless they commit acts of apostasy. (ii) the small Nifaaq is the hypocrisy of those Muslims who do some of the actions

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? attributed to hypocrites and pairs of every animal but that does not take a who sought refuge in a person out of the fold of boat built by Nuh a under Islam e.g. lying, breaking Allah’s instruction. promises, betraying trusts Omar bin al-Khattab – and covenants etc. One of the closest Nisaab – Minimum companions of the amount of wealth, which Prophet (saw) and the obliges a person to pay second Khalifah. He was Zakat. A person with total nicknamed al-Farooq wealth below this amount because of his strength (85g gold) or who does and understanding about not have this amount for a what is the truth and complete year is not falsehood. obliged to pay Zakat on People of the Book - see his/her wealth. Ahl al-Kitaab Niyyah – Intention Pharaoh – The rulers of Nu’man bin basher – A ancient Egypt were called companion of the Prophet pharaohs, however in this book, it is usually in Nuh a – One of the first reference to the Pharaoh Messengers of Allah sent that persecuted Musa and to the first people to the Jews or in reference to associate partners with other rulers who behave Allah, also known as in a similar manner. Noah. His people were destroyed with a flood Prophet – A man chosen and only he was saved by Allah to receive along with a few believers revelation and convey it

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? to the people. Qadhaa – Divine destiny of all our actions and destination in the hereafter i.e. paradise or hellfire. Qunoot – Du’a recited at the end of a Salah, usually in times of crisis or during Witr Salah.

Qur’an – The final book and message sent to mankind by Allah. It is Qadr – Divine fate of all the word of Allah that will happen to people revealed to His slave and the world. Muhammad (saw) in the Arabic language, it is Qalb – Heart worship when recited and Qiblah – The direction that is written in the Uthmani Muslims face when script by the consensus of praying, i.e. towards the the companions. Ka’bah in Makkah. Rafeeq – Kind and gentle Qisaas – Retribution, the rule of ‘an eye for an eye’ Rajaa’ - Hope employed by a Shari’ah Rak’ah – A unit of prayer court for some types of that includes (i) standing, crimes. reciting Faatihah, bowing, two prostrations and Qiyaamah – Resurrection, sitting in between and the day of Qiyaamah is sometimes sitting for a the day that all people will rise from their graves tashahhud (reciting the supplication “Attahiyaatu and travel to the place of …”). judgement. Qudsi – see Hadith Qudsi Ramadhan – The tenth

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? month of the Islamic calendar in which, all Muslims are obliged to fast if capable. (Rizq) and has been provided for him by none other than Allah.

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Rukhsah – A permit given Ribaa – usury i.e. any form by Allah to override an of added benefit received Islamic ruling because of as a result of giving a and limited to specific loan. It is also used in the circumstances. Shari’ah to refer to any Ruku’ – The ritual act of trade transaction bowing. prohibited in Islam. Ridwan – (i) Pleasure e.g. Ridwan Allah means the pleasure of Allah. (ii) The name of an angel. Rifq – Kindness or gentleness. Riyaa’ – Showing off i.e. doing an action in the hope that people will see him and think or speak well about him. Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas – A companion of the prophet (saw). Sa’eed ibn Zaid – A companion of the prophet. Sadaqah – charitable donations

Safiyyah bint Huyyay g – One of the wives of the prophet Muhammad (saw) and the daughter of Rizq – Provision. Anything the chief of the Jewish that a person benefits tribe of Banu Qurayzah. from, whether wealth, his home, his wife or his Sahaabiyaat – the female food, is his provision companions of the

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? prophets i.e. all women who saw the prophet Muhammad (saw) and died while still believing in Islam. Sahl bin Sa'd – A companion of the prophet (saw). Salaf – predecessors. alSalaf al-Saalih are the pious predecessors, specifically the companions of the prophet (saw) and the 2nd and 3rd generations of Muslims.

Sahabah (pl.) – (sing. Sahabi) Companions of the prophet Muhammad (saw). (i) those who saw the prophet and died while still believing in Islam are all companions Salam – (i) Peace (ii) the (ii) those who Islamic greeting accompanied him for over “Assalamu ‘Alaikum” a year and fought used by Muslims to greet alongside him in one or each other. two battles are considered close companions and Salat – The daily prayers, considered to be of a prayed five times a day as higher status. an obligation upon all Muslims. Salah includes Sahabi – See Sahabah Takbeer, standing, recitation of Surah alSaheeh – Authentic, used Faatihah, bowing, in reference to the prostrating, tashahhud authenticity of Ahadeeth and Tasleem. (narrations). Inauthentic or weak narrations are not Salatul Janazah – Funeral accepted in Islamic prayer. jurisprudence.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Salatul Jumu’ah – Congregational Friday prayer. Salih a – The name of a prophet of Allah. School of thought – (Madhab) compilation of works by scholars that follow the juristic foundations of a particular scholar or Imam. Shaytaan – Satan or the devil. Sheikh Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab – A scholar and reviver in Islamic history that spoke strongly against the innovations and deviation from the path of the prophet and his companions that was prevalent in his time, and indeed continues to exist today.

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Shafi’i – Imam Muhammad ibn Idrees al- Shirk al-Akbar – The big Shafi’i was one of the Shirk. An act of most famous scholars of associating partners with the early generations of Allah that will take a Islam. person out of the fold of Islam. Shaheed – Martyr,

someone who dies in the Shirk al-Asghar – The way of Allah or in another small Shirk. This is a way that will allow them lesser form of associating to enter paradise without partners with Allah that accountability. does not take a person out of the fold of Islam such Shari’ah – The Islamic law as praying with the derived from the Qur’an intention of showing off. and Sunnah.

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Sujud – Prostration. The ritual act of kneeling on the knees and placing the head on the ground. Shirk al-Khafi – Hidden Prostration requires that Shirk. See Shirk Asghar. the forehead, nose, hands, Shirk al-Saraa'ir – Hidden feet and knees all touch the ground at once. or Secret Shirk. See Shirk Asghar. Sunnah – The example of the prophet Muhammad Shukr – Gratefulness or (saw) [NB: the word Thankfulness. Sunnah has many Siwaak – Toothstick used meanings, but this is the to clean the teeth before most common meaning]. prayers. A highly recommended action and Surah – Chapter of the the Sunnah of the prophet Qur’an. (saw). Ta’weel – Interpretation, going to a metaphoric Siyaam – Fasting. The meaning instead of the ritual act of abstaining apparent meaning of a from food and sexual word or phrase, doing so intimacy during daylight without a divine evidence hours. is a serious distortion of Suhoor – Waking up the revelation. before dawn to eat Ta’weez – Seeking refuge, something before also used in reference to beginning a fast in the certain talismans or following day. charms worn by some This is also called Shirk al-Khafi or Shirk alSaraa’ir.

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? people to seek protection or cure. Tabarruj – Beautifying or decorating yourself. Tabayyun – Verification e.g. of news about other people. Tafweedh – Leaving a decision to Allah without making a stand either way (a form of saying “I don’t know”) e.g. saying, “maybe Allah has a hand and maybe he doesn’t, I will leave it to Allah.” luck and similar superstitions. Wearing such things is a form of Shirk. Tamtheel – (i) acting (ii) mutilating dead bodies (iii) Making Allah comparable to the creation. Taqwa – Piety or fear of Allah that prevents a person from disobeying Him. Tasbeeh – Saying “Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah)”

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Taghoot – Anything that is Tashahhud – The worshipped, obeyed or supplication said during followed instead of Allah. the sitting at the end of the second and last unit of Taharah – Ritual purity Salah starting “Attahiyaatu …”. Takbeer – Saying “Allahu Akbar (Allah is The Greatest)” Tamaa’im (pl.) – Talismans, charms worn by people for protection against the evil eye, bad Tashbeeh - Making similarity between things e.g. claiming Allah is similar to the creation in the way some nonMuslims picture god as

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? an old white-bearded man, this is an act of disbelief. Tashree’ – Legislation, deciding that something is lawful or unlawful and/or prescribing a reward or punishment accordingly. The right to do so belongs only to Allah. Tasleem – Saying “Assalamu ‘Alaikum Wa Rahmatullah” at the end of the Salah. Tathabbut – Verification right to be worshipped, obeyed and followed exclusively and for all His actions, functions, names and attributes to be attributed to Him exclusively. Tawraat – (or Torah) the divine scriptures revealed to Musa a. This book in its original form is unavailable today but Muslims believe that the existing versions of the Tawraat have been distorted.

Tayammum – Dry ablution using sand or dust when Tathbeet – Affirmation of your belief in a matter e.g. water is unavailable (e.g. on a journey through the an attribute of Allah. desert), it is performed by Tawbah - Repentance touching sand and then rubbing the face and arms Tawakkul – Relying and with the intention of trusting totally and removing the small ritual exclusively on Allah. impurity. Tawheed – Exclusivity to Almighty Allah in all of his rights, including His Ubay ibn Ka’b – One of the most knowledgeable

Are Demonstrations Beneficial? scholars and companions of the prophet (saw). Ulemaa' – Islamic Scholars Umm Salamah g – The name of one of the wives of the prophet Muhammad (saw). Ummah – Nation. The Muslim Ummah is a single united nation undivided by race, colour or language, united only by their beliefs. Wudu’ – The ritual act of washing the face, arms, hair and feet with water with the intention to remove the minor ritual impurity. Yameen al-Ghamoos – Giving a false oath. Yazeed bin Husaib bin Aslami – A companion d of the Prophet (saw) .

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Zaboor – The divine scripture revealed to Dawood a, also known as 'Uqba bin 'Amr – A the Psalms. This book is companion of the prophet not available in its Muhammad (saw). unadulterated form. Wara' – Fearing Allah by abstaining from permissible things because of a doubt about its lawfulness. Witr – Odd number, also refers to the final recommended prayer of the night that is of an odd number of rak’ah (units). Zaid ibn Khalid – A companion of the Prophet. Zakat – An obligatory ritual act of annually donating 2.5% of all saved wealth for those people who have a minimum amount of wealth (80g of gold).

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Are Demonstrations Beneficial? Zihaar – A prohibited form of divorce that was practiced before the advent of Islam, where a husband says to his wife “You are forbidden to me like the back of my mother.” Zinaa – Unlawful sexual intercourse with any person that is not married to you or is not a lawful concubine. Zuhr – The obligatory noon prayer, prayed after the sun has passed its highest point and before the shadows reach one full length (or two lengths for some schools of thought). Zulm – Oppression, i.e. taking or withholding the rights of other people without any Shari’ah permit.

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