About the 10 Gigabit Ethernet Standard

A Dell Technical White Paper

About the 10 Gigabit Ethernet Standard

THIS WHITE PAPER IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY, AND MAY CONTAIN TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS AND TECHNICAL INACCURACIES. THE CONTENT IS PROVIDED AS IS, WITHOUT EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND. © 2011 Dell Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this material in any manner whatsoever without the express written permission of Dell Inc. is strictly forbidden. For more information, contact Dell. Dell, the DELL logo, and the DELL badge, PowerConnect, and PowerVault are trademarks of Dell Inc. Symantec and the SYMANTEC logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Symantec Corporation or its affiliates in the US and other countries. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Server, and Active Directory are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Other trademarks and trade names may be used in this document to refer to either the entities claiming the marks and names or their products. Dell Inc. disclaims any proprietary interest in trademarks and trade names other than its own.

September 2011

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About the 10 Gigabit Ethernet Standard

Contents
10 GbE Physical Layer Specifications .............................................................................. 2
 Serial LAN PHY ..................................................................................................... 2
 Serial WAN PHY..................................................................................................... 3
 10 Gigabit Ethernet Physical Media Dependent Interfaces..................................................... 3


Figures
Figure 1.IEEE 802.3 2005 10 Gigabit Ethernet architecture.................................................... 2 Figure 2. Line card architecture ................................................................................... 3 Table 1. Fiber types and maximum guaranteed distances for 10 GbE PHY and 10 GbE PMDs ............ 3

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About the 10 Gigabit Ethernet Standard

10 Gigabit Ethernet Physical Layer Specifications
10 GbE Physical layer specifications (PHY) and supported media and reaches, as defined in IEEE 802.3 2005, are shown in Figure 1 below. In Ethernet standards, the different optical and copper media are known as types of physical media-dependent interfaces (PMDs). Figure 2 shows how PMDs, PHYs and MAC (media access control) are logically laid out on a switch/router line card. The 10 GbE MAC operates at 10 Gbps at its service interface (towards PHY) and rate-adapts between MAC PHY layers to accommodate slightly different LAN PHY and WAN PHY data rates by adjusting inter-packet gaps (IPGs). The rate adaptation mechanism is known as open loop control.

Figure 1.

IEEE 802.3 2005 10 Gigabit Ethernet architecture

10 GbE Physical Layer Specifications
Serial LAN PHY The serial LAN PHY is comprised of a 64B/66B codec used for 10GBASE-R, and an 8B/10B codec used for 10GBASE-X. The codecs are block-encoding schemes that perform packet delineation.

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About the 10 Gigabit Ethernet Standard

Figure 2.

Line card architecture

Serial WAN PHY Serial WAN PHY is comprised of a WAN interface sublayer (WIS), a 64B/66B codec scheme (the same as the one described above) except the speed of the serial data stream is 9.95328 Gbps (OC-192). WIS is designed to performed SONET framing and X7 + X6 + 1 scrambling. Coupled with SONET OC-192 speed, serial WAN PHY enables 10 GbE to operate seamlessly over existing SONET OC-192 infrastructures and 10 Gbps dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) optical networks.

10 Gigabit Ethernet Physical Media Dependent Interfaces
The table below shows 10 GbE PHY and 10 GbE PMD with fiber types and maximum guaranteed distances. 10 GbE has evolved into a versatile standard that can be transported over fiber, copper and backplane reaches.

Table 1.

Fiber types and maximum guaranteed distances for 10 GbE PHY and 10 GbE PMDs

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