Color Matter Information Properties Chemical Name Color Matter Reaction Medium req Fixation Temp oC Soluble in Water

Identification (treat Specimen)
Hydro Caustic - 5 ml Sod. Hypo Sulphate - 1 g Water Make up solution of 100 ml Temp. - boil Time - 10 - 15 min Result - color stripped almost Hot boil water Mercerized Cotton Time 10 min Stainning on un-dyed DMF - 100 % Boil temp Time 25-30 min Result - color stripped almost Hydro Caustic - 5 ml Sod. Hypo Sulphate - 1 g Add water make up 100 ml Temp. - boil Time - 10 - 15 min Color change Check by dipping in H2O2 10% Result - Orignal color appear Hydro Caustic - 5 ml Sod. Hypo Sulphate - 1 g Add water make up 100 ml Temp. - boil Time - 10 - 15 min Color Stripped no complete Check by dipping in H2O2 10% Result - no change DMF - 100 % Temp. - boil Time - 5 - 10 min Stripped totally Hot boil washing

Bonding or Linkging

Fiber can dye

Solulized by

Reactive

Di-Chlorants azine or mono or vinyl sulfone

Neutral or Slightly Basic

160 - 180

Covalent with cotton and rayaon or with amino group of Nylon, Silk and Wool

Cotton, Silk, Wool

Soluble

Wetting or Dispersing agent

Direct

Azo metallized stilbenes, thiazoles phthalocynins

Anoinic

60

Apply or coating

Cotton, Rayon, Leather, Paper

Soluble

Wetting or Dispersing agent

Disperse

Azo, anothrquinines, nitro methane quinoline

Non-Ionic

180 - 210 or low with career

Sub-merge

Polyester, Nylon, diaccetate, Triacetate, Acrylic

In-soluble

Dispersing agent

Vat

Anthraquiones & Indigiods

Neutral or Anionic

60

Apply

Cellulosic

In-soluble

Dispersing agent

Sulfur

Contains 'S' as part of Chromophore & sulfide pentant chain

Neutral

90

Apply or H-bonding

Cotton, Rayon & Cellulosic blends

Soluble

Weting agents or Na2S

Pigment

Diazo compounds mostly Napthol base

Anoinic

160 - 180

Apply or Coating

All fibers

In-soluble

Amuslifire & Dispersing agent

OBA

Stilbene, Purazine naphthalimide

Neutral

Low temp

Obsorbicident UV light & re-emit in blue region of spectrum

Cotton, Polyester & their blends Saops, detergents.

Soluble

Wetting

shrink & burns continuously Hairy Hard irregular black beads Dimythyl Formamide 100 90 10 Acetate Synthetic Acetalated Cellulose Dark Spot Melt.2000 Cellulose diacetate.3000 Not Burn may blacken Burns continuously Burns continuously Melt.100 Polymer containg atleast 85% acrylonitrile [-CH2-CH-]n CN n = 1200 . but in DMF only Nylon 6 soluble 85 50 5 Spandex Synthetic Elastomer Celluosic Raw Mt Polymer containg atleast 85% polyurethane [-O-R1-O-CO-NH-R2-NH-CO-]n High Polymerizationof Cellulose [C6H10O5]n n = 450 . % 50 Temp o C 50 Time (min) 20 Type Class Chemistry Longitude Fluffy Twisted Smooth Scaly Lining Natural Mineral High Polymerization of Cellulose [C6H10O5]n n = 2000 . shrink & burns continuously Melt. burns continuously Burns continuously Hairy Fluffy black or grey Light Grayish DMF Zinc Chlorite 5% Formic acid 100 90 10 Viscose Regenerated Dark Spot Paper like - 40 5 Glass Fiber Synthetic Matelic (Vetrotex) glass type E have.600 Dark Spot Melt.6 Polyamide Dark Spot Polymer of Hexamethylene diamine + Adipic aicd Melt. shrink & burns slowly Melt. shrink & burns continuously Paper like Paper like Hairy Hairy Sweet.Fiber Information Table View Characteristics Fiber Asbestos Cotton (Raw) Natural Cotton (Merz) Wool Natural Silk Polyester Synthetic Polymer of Esters Animal (Protien) Reaction With Flame Cross Section Smooth Kidney Round Near / Beheviour Smell Ash Chemical Hydro Fluoric Acid Lt Grey H2SO4 Solubility Conc. same as cellulose but replace 5 OH of two units with acetylic group COCH3 Capro Lactam Cylindrical More elliptical Depends on Manufacturing Acrylic Synthetic Acrylinitrile Dark Spot Melt. shrink & burns continuously Acetic Acid Hard irregular black beads Acetic Acid / Acetone 100 20 5 Nylon 6 Synthetic Nylon 6. fruity Vegetable 70 40 20 Black Irregular Black Soft black beads Hard round black beads NaOH Sod Hypo Chloride Meta Cresol 5 5 100 20 20 140 20 20 5 Karatin [C42 H157 O15 N5 S]n Fibron Polyethlene terepthalene [-OC-<=>-C00-(CH2)2-O-]n n = 80 . shrink & burns continuously Pungent Hard round grey beads Both Soluble in Formic Acid. Al2O3 + CaO MgO SiO2 + B2O3 K2O + Na2O Dark Spot Melts at 850 oC Pungent Hard Hydro Fluoric Acid 50 50 20 .