Dengue Prevention Checklist Dengue fever has become a major public health concern in recent decades.

With dengue cases on the rise in the country, it is important to know more about dengue fever and how to protect yourself against aedes mosquitoes.The best preventive measure is to combat the mosquitoes. To prevent the spread of dengue fever, you must first prevent the breeding of its vector, the Aedes mosquito. The Aedes mosquito is easily identifiable by its distinctive black and white stripes on their body. It prefers to breed in clean, stagnant water easily found in our homes. You can get rid of the Aedes mosquito by frequently checking and removing stagnant water in your premises. The guidelines below will give you an overview of how you can prevent the Aedes mosquito from breeding. At all times Turn pails and watering cans over and store them under shelter. Remove water in plant pot plates. Clean and scrub the plate thoroughly to remove mosquito eggs. Avoid the use of plant pot plates, if possible. Loosen soil from potted plants to prevent the accumulation of stagnant water on the surface of the hardened soil. Do not block the flow of water in drains. Avoid placing potted plants and other paraphernalia over the drains. Cover rarely used gully traps. Replace the gully trap with non-perforated ones and install anti-mosquito valves. Cover bamboo pole holders after use. Rainwater can potentially accumulate in these bamboo pole holders if they are uncovered and create a habitat. No tray or receptacles should be placed beneath and or/ on top of any air-conditioning unit so as not to create a condition favourable for mosquito breeding. Every other day Change water in flower vases. Clean and scrub the inner sides of vases. Wash roots of flowers and plants thoroughly as mosquito eggs can stick to them easily. Once a week Clear fallen leaves and stagnant water in your scupper drains and garden. These leaves could collect water or cause blockages to the drains, thus resulting in the build-up of stagnant water. Clear any stagnant water in your air cooler unit. Once a month Add prescribed amounts of sand granular insecticide into vases, gully traps and roof gutters, even if they are dry. Clear away fallen leaves in roof gutters and apron drains. If structurally feasible, remove the roof gutters. Prevention and Control At present, there is no vaccine for preventing dengue. Therefore, the best preventive measure is to combat the mosquitoes.  Removal of stagnant water is the best way to mosquito elimination. Items that collect rainwater or are used to store water should be covered or properly discarded.  Get rid of sources or areas where mosquitoes breed, such as standing water in flower pots, tins, bottles or discarded tires. Mosquitoes breed easily in any source of standing water.  Appropriate insecticides, such as larvicide's can be added to water containers. The insecticides can prevent mosquitoes breeding for several weeks. However, they must be re-applied as per directions.  Always clean and check drains to ensure they are not blocked especially during the rainy season.  Top up uneven surfaces of the floor to prevent water from accumulating. Most common breediing places and tips to prevent breeding: Water storage tank/cistern ---should have mosquito proof lids water coolers/collection pans in Fridge/ACs ------ water should be drained out periodically Drum ------tight lids Flower vase with water [least in brass vase]----------change water frequently,use sand Potted plants with saucers ------- change water frequently Ornamental pool/fountain ---------water changed once a week Roof gutter/sun shades------------check frequently for drain block Animal water container----------- empty and clean periodically Ant trap--------------------------use oil/salt Used tyres-----------------------keep it under roof Discarded large appliances-------bury or keep it under roof Discarded buckets,plastic cups,tin cans etc-----bury Consult your doctor immediately if you suspect that you have symptoms suggestive of dengue, especially if you have been in an area where dengue is known to occur. Rest and fluid intake for adequate hydration are important to help alleviate the illness.