PEREKA CIPTA DAN BARANG REKAANNYA
               Vitaly Mikhaylovich Abalakov, (1906-1986), Russia — camming devices, Abalakov thread (or V-thread) gearless ice climbing anchor. Hovannes Adamian, (1879-1932), Armenia/Russia — tricolor principle of the color television Robert Adler, (1913-2007), Austria/United States — wireless remote control Turhan Alçelik (c. 2006), Turkey — non-glaring headlamp Rostislav Alexeyev, (1916-1980) , Russia – Ekranoplan. Mary Anderson, (1866–1953), United States — windshield wiper blade Archimedes, (c. 287-212 BC), Greece — Archimedes' screw Ami Argand, (1750-1803), France — Argand lamp Edwin H. Armstrong,(1890-1954), U.S. — FM radio William George Armstrong, (1810-1900), UK — hydraulic crane Neil Arnott, (1788-1874), UK — waterbed Lev Artsimovich, (1909-1973), Russia — Tokamak Al-Ashraf, (fl. 1282-1296), Yemen — dry compass Joseph Aspdin, (1788-1855), England — Portland cement John Vincent Atanasoff, (1903-1995), United States — modern programmable computer Charles Babbage, (1791-1871), UK — analytical engine (semi-automatic computer) Roger Bacon, (1214-1292), England — magnifying glass Leo Baekeland, (1863-1944), Belgian–American — Velox photographic paper and Bakelite Ralph H. Baer, (1922-), German born American — video game console Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi, (1162–1231), Iraq/Egypt — ventilator John Logie Baird, (1888-1946), Scotland — an electromechanical television Ibn al-Baitar, (d. 1248), Islamic Spain — three hundred drugs and foods, cancer therapy, pharmacotherapy, Hindiba, pharmacopoeia Abi Bakr of Isfahan, (c. 1235), Persia — mechanical geared astrolabe with lunisolar calendar analog computer Donat Banki, (1859-1922), Hungary — inventor of the carburetor John Bardeen, (1908-1991), U.S. — co-inventor of the transistor Anthony R. Barringer Canadian – American — INPUT (Induced Pulse Transient) airborne electromagnetic system Earl W. Bascom, (1906-1995), Canada and United States — side-delivery rodeo chute, hornless rodeo saddle, rodeo bareback rigging, rodeo chaps Ibn Bassal, (fl. 1038-1075), Islamic Spain — flywheel, flywheel-driven noria, flywheeldriven saqiya chain pump

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Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius), (853-929), Syria/Turkey — observation tube Eugen Baumann, (1846-1896), Germany — PVC Trevor Baylis, (1937-), UK — a wind-up radio Francis Beaufort, (1774-1857), France — Beaufort scale Arnold O. Beckman, (1900-2004), U.S. — pH meter Ulugh Beg, 1394-1449, |Persia — Fakhri sextant, mural sextant Alexander Graham Bell, (1847-1922), Canada, Scotland, and U.S. — telephone Karl Benz, (1844-1929), Germany — the petrol-powered automobile Emile Berliner, (1851-1929), Germany and U.S. — the disc record gramophone Tim Berners-Lee, (1955-), UK — with Robert Cailliau, the World Wide Web Abu Mansoor Nizar al-Aziz Billah, (955–996), Egypt — airmail, homing pigeon Bi Sheng (Chinese: 畢 ), (ca. 990-1051), China — clay movable type printing 昇 Laszlo Biro, (1899-1985), Hungary — modern ballpoint pen Clarence Birdseye, (1886-1956), U.S. — frozen food process Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, (973-1048), Persia — mechanical geared lunisolar calendar analog computer, fixed-wired knowledge processing machine, conical measure, laboratory flask, Orthographical astrolabe, hodometer, pycnometer J. Stuart Blackton, (1875-1941), U.S. — stop-motion film Otto Blathy (1860-1939), Hungary — co-inventor of the transformer, wattmeter, alternating current (AC) and turbogenerator Katharine B. Blodgett, (1898-1979), UK — nonreflective glass Nils Bohlin, (1920-2002), Sweden — the three-point seat belt Joseph-Armand Bombardier, (1907-1964), Canada — snowmobile Bose, Jagdish Chandra, (1858 –1937), India — Crescograph Robert W. Bower, (1936-), U.S. — self-aligned–gate MOSFET Seth Boyden, (1788-1870), U.S. — nail-making machine Walter Houser Brattain, (1902-1987), U.S. — co-inventor of the transistor Louis Braille, (1809-1852), France — the Braille writing system Karl Ferdinand Braun, (1850-1918), Germany — cathode-ray tube oscilloscope Harry Brearley, (1871-1948), UK — stainless steel Sergey Brin, (1973-), Russia/U.S. — with Larry Page invented Google web search engine Rachel Fuller Brown, (1898–1980), U.S., Nystatin, the world's first antifungal antibiotic John Moses Browning, (1855-1926), U.S. — automatic handgun Edwin Beard Budding, (1795-1846), UK — lawnmower Corliss Orville Burandt, U.S. — Variable valve timing Robert Cailliau, (1947 –), Belgium — with Tim Berners-Lee, the World Wide Web C`ai Lun, 蔡 (50 AD - 121), China — paper 倫 Marvin Camras, (1916 - 1995), U.S. — magnetic recording Chester Carlson, (1906 - 1968), U.S. — Xerography

(1852 .1731). stock ticker. (1900-1979).S. Romania — Ejection seat Karl Drais. U. (1878 . Rubber Bandits Evgeniy Chertanovskiy. Iraq or Persia — brass astrolabe Svyatoslav Fyodorov. commercially practical light bulb. UK — Hovercraft Aeneas Coffey.1965). — the computer mouse [1] John Ericsson. (1971 -). Dobelle. UK — print industry composition roller Hub van Doorne. Turkey — manned rocket.) UK — Dual Cyclone bagless vacuum cleaner. France — rhinoplastic surgery George Cayley. (?-?). (1899-1980). sixcylinder 'Monobloc' suction pump. (1854 . (1745 . U.1972). (1927-2000). smoke jack. (1873-1961).S.                                      Wallace Carothers. U.1930). plumber. Dalén light. (1785-1851). Netherlands.1913). Italy — credited for inventing eyeglasses in 1284 Jacob Davis. Venezuela — Diamond scalpel. (1685–1766). — dishwasher Christopher Cockerell. (1840-1921) UK — first practical pneumatic tyre James Dyson. Russia . Sweden — the two screw-propeller Lars Magnus Ericsson. Persia — more than a hundred plant drugs William H.S. spring-powered pocket watch measured in minutes. The Netherlands — the electrocardiogram Rune Elmqvist.S. — O-ring Samuel Hunter Christie. (1870 . The Netherlands — sawmill Jacques Cousteau. (1908 . motion picture projector. (1725 . France — co-inventor of the aqualung and the Nikonos underwater camera Holger Crafoord. Norway — outboard motor Samuel Face. (1923-2001). incorporating the principles of cyclonic separation. U.1852). (1896-1966).1936). spring-powered astronomical clock measured in minutes and seconds.1910). Ireland. long-distance flight.S. Germany — dandy horse (Draisine) Cornelius Drebbel. Hungary — co-inventor of carburetor Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot. (1869-1937). Caterpillar track Roxey Ann Caplin. Germany — contact lens                    .1846). UK — the crankcase-compression two-stroke engine Lee DeForest. Russia — radial keratotomy James Fergason. U. (1773 . (1943-2004). — roll film Thomas Edison.1804). 796/806). (1895 . (1857-1924). Bartolomeo Cristofori. inventor of the Coffey still George Constantinescu.Skafander Niels Christensen (1865 . U. (d. (1768-1855). (1860-1927).S.1607). — electronic television Muhammad al-Fazari. UK — Thermos flask               William Kennedy Laurie Dickson. U. — triode Miksa Deri (1854-1938). (1791-1867). Germany — Diesel engine Taqi al-Din.S. (1858-1913). U. (1829-1901).S. (1572-1633). Lightning Switch Michael Faraday. (1868-1908). Sweden — implantable pacemaker Douglas Engelbart. The Netherlands — first navigable submarine Richard Drew. U. (1785-1857). (1803-1889). U. U. Canada — two-way radio Adolf Eugen Fick. — Masking tape John Boyd Dunlop. (fl.1960). (1846-1926). UK — Wheatstone bridge Juan de la Cierva.1800). Sweden — AGA cooker. United States — first functioning artificial eye Bryan Donkin. (1865 . (1924-1999). (828-896). Ultra microtome Reginald Fessenden. (UK) — glider.1952). (1847-1913).S. (1947.1865). U. (1910 .1888) — Corsets Adrian Chernoff. (1784 .S. Romania — Reaction engine Georges Claude. rocket aircraft Joseph Constantine Carpue. Sweden — inventor of the artificial kidney Thomas Crapper. England — electric transformer Johann Maria Farina.S. (1866-1932).S. (1780 . U. Syria/Egypt/Turkey — steam turbine. — phonograph.1922). (1925-). (1901-1954). France — neon lamp Henri Coandă. mechanical alarm clock. Sweden — the handheld micro telephone Ole Evinrude. (1881 . (1710 .1939). Spain — the autogyro Alexandru Ciurcu. UK — Davy miners lamp Joseph Day. framed sextant Al-Dinawari. (fl. artificially-powered aircraft. — Ceiling fan.S. France — first steam-powered road vehicle William Cumberland Cruikshank. (1847-1931). — improved liquid crystal display Enrico Fermi. U. UK — motion picture camera Philip Diehl. (1526–1585).1937). (1839 . (1855-1946). — Electric stove Cornelis Corneliszoon. artificial wings Lagari Hasan Çelebi. Italy — nuclear reactor Humberto Fernández Morán. GM Hy-wire. Agamassan Salvino D'Armate. Italy — piano János Csonka.1997). 1630-1632).1999). England. (1896 . UK — first artificial refrigerator Glenn Curtiss.1790). — concrete flatness/levelness technology. Ireland — acetylene Humphry Davy. 1633-1640).1956). (1764 . U. etc Willem Einthoven. Hungary — co-inventor of an improved closed-core transformer James Dewar. (1836 .S. — GM Autonomy. (1877-1934). (1655 . (1886 .S. Romania — Interrupter gear Lloyd Groff Copeman. heat exchanger. (1860-1935). (1910 . — riveted jeans Edmund Davy. Variomatic continuously variable transmission Anastase Dragomir. UK — chlorinated water William Cullen. (1550 . (1854-1932). George Eastman. (1778-1829).S. Romania — Jet engine Josephine Cochrane. tension-spoke wheels. (1934-). — Nylon Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi. U. Germany.1857). (1793 . (1842-1923).1982). — ailerons Gustaf Dalén. (1906-1971). Eau de Cologne Philo Farnsworth. electric sewing machine Rudolf Diesel.

U. — mechanical tabulator based on punched cards Nick Holonyak. U.). UK — postage stamp Felix Hoffmann (Bayer). watch. (1682-1744). Persia — cartographic Qibla indicator with sundial and compass Christiaan Huygens.S. Scotland/U. (1919. concave and convex mirrors.S. France — Fresnel lens William Friese-Greene. Russia – Electromagnetic seismograph. England — Octant Waldemar Haffkine. (1783-1873). 859). Scotland — penicillin John Ambrose Fleming. — computerized telephone switching system Frank Hornby. (c. (1926-). Netherlands — pendulum clock John Wesley Hyatt. (c. Germany – vacuum pump. (1858-1937).first anti-cholera and antiplague vaccines Tracy Hall. the Franklin stove. fused quartz and silica glass. England — spinning jenny John Harrison. (950-1009). (1900-1979). (c. Hungary — radioactive tracer Rowland Hill. (1875-1915). iris diaphragm Erna Schneider Hoover. (810-887). South Africa – tunnel boring machine. 1600s).S. (1629-1695). USA – foam fire extinguisher. (1638-1675). (1868-1949). hang glider. Wales – fuel cell Otto von Guericke. János Irinyi. – thermal earmuffs James Gregory. (1901-2002). cacao butter. Germany – movable type printing press                                   Samuel Guthrie. — sewing machine Muhammad Husayn. (1882-1945). (1924-1980). England — marine chronometer Victor Hasselblad. spherical mirror Robert A. controlled flight. – wheat drill. Scotland – reflecting telescope William Robert Grove. (1797-1878). France — Foucault pendulum. (1895-1983). (1885-1966).S. Russia . Gatling.). Norway — discovery of terrestrial magnetism James Hargreaves.S. (1857-1894).). England — Colossus an early electronic computer. (1881-1955). France — water turbine John Fowler. U. England — invented Meccano Coenraad Johannes van Houten. (1826-1864). (fl. (1635-1703). (1939. Sweden — invented the 6 x 6 cm single-lens reflex camera Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen). U. (1906-1978). – vulcanization of rubber Gordon Gould. England — cinematography Buckminster Fuller. Islamic Spain — portable celestial globe . U. Germany — radio telegraphy. – liquid fuel rocket Peter Carl Goldmark. (1906-1977). educational toy ("box & blocks") Richard J. U. artificial thunder and lightning. (1862-1916).S. Germany – first functional incandescent lamp Leonid Gobyato. (1859-1923). Tunisia/Morocco — university Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman). (1693-1776). Japan — nanotubes Gavriil Ilizarov. (c. electromagnetic radiation George de Hevesy. U. Gerhard Fischer. 10-70). (1920-2005). Egypt — pendulum Sumio Iijima. Jean Bernard Léon Foucault.S. Turkey – Volitan Johann Gutenberg. (1818-1893). Elmer R.S.S. (1928. U. U. — geodesic dome Dennis Gabor. – co-inventor of laser Richard Hall Gower. pinhole camera. (1848-1945). parachute. (1720-1778).S. (1811-1896). Hungary – vinyl record (LP). (1863-1936). U. England – ship's hull and rigging Bette Nesmith Graham. (1801-1887). first successful machine gun Hans Wilhelm Geiger. injector Heinrich Göbel. England — balance wheel. eddy current Benoît Fourneyron. gyroscope. (1713-1789). Islamic Spain — eye glasses. U. (1907-1988). CBS color television Charles Goodyear. Heinlein. (1860-1930). (1882-1945). Slovakia — the water pillar Rudolf Hell. (1905-1998). (1844-1896). 2007). U. (1768-1833). (1706-1790). Germany — the Hellschreiber Joseph Henry. England — steam-driven ploughing engine Benjamin Franklin.first modern man-portable mortar Robert Goddard. metronome Artur Fischer. (1602-1686). the glass harmonica Augustin-Jean Fresnel. — waterbed Jozef Karol Hell. Germany – Geiger counter Henri Giffard.S. Canada — Universal Standard Time Tommy Flowers. Russia — Ilizarov apparatus and distraction osteogenesis.S. bifocal glasses. electric loom mechanisms. — synthetic diamond Christopher Hansteen. Russia/Switzerland . Germany/U. artificial wings.S. – Liquid Paper James Henry Greathead. (1802-1867). U. tunnelling shield technique Chester Greenwood.S. 1390s-1468).S. (1795-1879). — LED (Light Emitting Diode) Joseph Hon – book index thumb notch system for dictionaries Patent #561888 Robert Hooke. France – powered airship. Iraq — camera obscura. (965-1039). U. Germany — Aspirin Herman Hollerith. (1818-1903).S. magnetic & diamagnetic separators. (1819-1868). (1855-1921). (1860-1929). (1782-1848). Gates. magnifying glass. — the pointed lightning rod conductor. — celluloid manufacturing Ibn Yunus. (1788-1827). (1817-1895). 1100-1150). (c. manometer. England — vacuum diode Sandford Fleming. Hungary – holography Boris Borisovich Galitzine.                                    Fatima al-Fihri. (1921-1992). U. (1827-1915). (1800-1860). Netherlands — cocoa powder. (1837-1920). (1919–) Germany — fasteners including fischertechnik. U. chocolate milk Elias Howe. Hungary — noiseless match Jabir ibn Aflah (Geber). — electromagnetic relay Heron.S. Roman Egypt — aeolipile Heinrich Hertz. — hand-held metal detector Alexander Fleming. – discovered chloroform John Hadley.S. dasymeter Hakan Gürsu. (1819-1867). (1825-1882).

Iraq/Yemen — ethanol.S. lusterware Karl Jatho.S. 1115-1130). programmable humanoid robots. mural instrument. (1909-1991). molding sand. — Traveling-wave tube Sergey Korolyov. filtration. Sweden — Gauge blocks Johan Petter Johansson. crank-driven and hydropowered saqiya chain pump. antimony. arsenic. alkali. crystallization. Persia — modern algebra.Multiple Wave Oscillator. Bangladesh — structural systems for high-rise skyscrapers Al-Khazini. (c. brake. space dock. England — superphosphate or chemical fertilizer            . (1735-1818). first nuclear reactors for submarines and surface ships Raymond Kurzweil. bismuth. weight-driven clock. Land. Optical character recognition. (c. crank-driven screw and screwpump.                       Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber). frequency analysis Fritz Klatte.S. reciprocating piston suction pump. (1948-). cornflake breakfasts John George Kemeny. (1834-1906).S. clock tower John Harvey Kellogg. 780-850). liquefaction. quadrant. pure mercury and sulfur. Sweden — the pipe wrench and the modern adjustable spanner Nancy Johnson. (1921-2003). 800s). 1842). mineral acids. — zipper Mikhail Kalashnikov. designed Sputniks (including first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite). robotics. calcination. (1843-1910). forerunner to polyvinyl chloride Margaret E. linkage Ibn Al-Jazzar (Algizar). lost-wax casting Georges Lakhovsky. U. connecting rod. a human-assisted internet search engine. (1911-2009). (1845-1913). Mughal India — seamless globe and celestial globe. (1136-1206). — worked with Thomas Edison and patented an improved lightbulb manufacturing process Gustav de Laval. Russia — first nuclear power plant.S. (1951-). Germany---. Iraq — crankshaft. elephant clock. sine quadrant. — bolometer Irving Langmuir. — gas filled incandescent light bulb. Freon ethyl gasoline and more Khalid. plated mail. (1872-1944). U. Yemen/Persia — pure distillation. pure sal ammoniac. alum. (1781-1826). horary quadrant. geared and hydropowered water supply system. (c. lead carbonatic. and bearing. weight-driven pump.S. analog planetary computer Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad ibn Naser ibn Saghir ibn Khalid al-Kaysarani. nitric and sulfuric acids. Whitcomb Judson. Russia . Russia — AK-47 and AK-74 assault rifles Dean Kamen.S. (1876-1958). (1836-1909).S. alembic. static balancing. artificial pearl and gemstone. (1909–1977). (1923-2005). combination lock. Quadrans Vetus. (1814-1900). flush mechanism. Netherlands — artificial kidney hemodialysis machine Rudolf Kompfner. Kettering. (1838-1914). (fl. (1919-). (c. (c. U. space station Charles F. (1926-1992). pure distilled alcohol. (1864-1943). Germany — vinyl chloride. Ireland — The process of Kyanization used for wood preservation René Laënnec. Germany — aeroplane Al-Jazari. — patented the first integrated circuit Al-Kindi (Alkindus). France — stethoscope Cecilia LaFrance. 898-980). (1907-1966). Hungary — co-inventor of BASIC Alexander Kemurdzhian. — invented automobile self-starter ignition.S. (1852-1943). — Invented the Segway HT scooter and the IBOT Mobility Device Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. — American version of the hand cranked ice cream machine in (1843) Scott A. — Polaroid polarizing filters and the Land Camera Samuel P. shadow square Jack Kilby. U. Persia — plate of conjunctions. Russia — first space exploration rover (Lunokhod) Kerim Kerimov. (1898-1954).S. (1917-2003). Egypt — fountain pen Lala Balhumal Lahuri. Ukraine/Russia — invented R-7 rocket family. Hungary — turboprop Carl Edvard Johansson.S.method for culturing bacteria on solid media Willem Johan Kolff. 1154). lamination. Langley. U. (1880-1934). flatbed scanner Stephanie Kwolek. U.S. (c. (1903-1960). (1906-1990). U. gear box. Sweden — invented the milk separator and the milking machine John Bennet Lawes.S. Also invented an automobile that featured a flywheel. — Spread spectrum radio Edwin H. Knight. supervised Vostok program (including first human spaceflight) Gleb Kotelnikov. Persia — astronomical sextant Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Algoritmi). (c. — machine that completely constructs boxbottom brown paper bags Ivan Knunyants. sand casting. (1929-1982). Netherlands — liquify helium Jamshīd al-Kāshī. (1853-1943). intermittency. 721-815). hydrogen welding Lewis Latimer. Hedy Lamarr. — created one of the most successful versions of voicemail as well as ChaCha Search. 1380-1429). paper model. U. (932–975). — Kevlar John Howard Kyan (1774-1850). retort. cryptanalysis. Syria — striking clock. (1873-1933).[1] Igor Kurchatov. Ethiopia — coffee Fazlur Khan. purification. Austria and U. U.Elevator using screw mechanisms. borax. Russia — knapsack parachute Ivan Kulibin. (801–873). (1848-1928). uric and hydrochloric acids. 940-1000). Persia — hydrostatic balance                  Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi. (1923-). hand washing automata. Azerbaijan and Russia — human spaceflight. (1869-1942). (fl. U. Armenia/Russia — invented Nylon-6 Robert Koch. (1851-1957). U. aqua regia. Tunisia — sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction treatment drugs György Jendrassik. (1913-2000). (1960-). still. U. Russia . Jones. (1853-1926).

(786-833). screwpump John von Neumann. England — chemical warfare — Livens Projector. (c. self-trimming and self-feeding lamp. Italy — radio telegraphy John Landis Mason. Russia — Maksutov telescope Al-Ma'mun. PIN diode Alfred Nobel. Russia — Light-emitting diode. (1570-1619). Jules Montenier. U. Iraq — syringe. U. feedback controller. France — photography Jun-Ichi Nishizawa. 630-562 BC). Turkey — vertically rising ladder                . England — screw-cutting lathe. 1928). (1803-1873). terrestrial globe George William Manby. Belgium — internal combustion engine. Ibn al-Nafis. G. (1550-1617). Italy — telephone (prototype) Edouard Michelin. (1889–1964). (1740-1810) and (1745-1799). suction John McAdam. (1756-1836). Morgan. Canadian born. Netherlands — Leyden jar. (1692-1761). injection. (1771-1831). chain pumps. Iraq — singing bird automata. LeTourneau.electric wheel. segmental gear. (9th century). 946-1000). Netherlands — telescope William Howard Livens. — Mason jars Henry Maudslay. Scotland — logarithms James Naismith. motorboat R. England — Fire extinguisher Guglielmo Marconi. Poland — modern kerosene lamp Giovanni Luppis. (c. Sweden — dynamite Murat Nural. (1840-1916). (1955. (b. theological novel. U. armchair "Cerebrex". Mughal India — seamless globe and celestial globe. (1808-1890). bulldozer. (1848-1896). 1000s). (1822-1882).S. USA — invented basketball and American football helmet Yoshiro Nakamatsu.S. fail-safe system. Samuel Morse. hypodermic needle. U. automatic control.S.S.Electrical filament. Scotland — improved "macadam" road surface Elijah McCoy. otolaryngology. (1817-1880). pyrometer A.S. mechanical trick devices. (1808-1889). SIT/SITh (Static Induction Transistor/Thyristor). and traffic signal. "PyonPyon" spring shoes. Montgomery. float chamber. Archibald Low. (1926-). (1934-2005). Iraq (Mesopotamia) — screw. clamshell grab. epicyclic gearing William Murdoch. Alexander Lodygin. — modern anti-perspirant deodorant Montgolfier brothers. automatic flute player. France — Cinématographe Ignacy Łukasiewicz. (1833-1896). Palestine — restaurant Banū Mūsā brothers. sauce pump. U. Russia . Netherlands — development of the microscope Jean-Joseph Etienne Lenoir. (1896-1964). (1859-1940). Scotland — steam hammer Nebuchadrezzar II. cataract extraction. science fiction novel John Napier. (1765-1854). — radiocarbon dating Justus von Liebig. (1843-1929). digital watch.. (1882-1956). — the Moog synthesizer Samuel Morey. Russia — synthetic rubber Tim Berners-Lee. England — First self-powered machine gun James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) and Thomas Sutton Scotland — colour photography Ammar ibn Ali al-Mawsili. (1877-1963). U. Russia . Germany — hang glider Frans Wilhelm Lindqvist. 1759). Ahmad (803-873). grab. programmable machine Pieter van Musschenbroek. (1864-1929). (1874-1937). Musselman inventor of the Coaster brake and the pneumatic aircraft tyre. Antonio Meucci.Radiosonde. Britain — Pioneer of radio guidance systems Auguste and Louis Lumière. (1834-1907). incandescent light bulb with tungsten filament. (1791-1872). (1765-1833). (1908-1980). Syria/Egypt — circulatory physiology. 1910). improved silk looms Charles Macintosh. (c.S. 200-265). Oleg Losev. China — South Pointing Chariot (see differential gear). U. 2007). — heavier-than-air gliders Narcis Monturiol i Estarriol. gas mask.Periodic table. pyrocollodion. (1826-1902). Spain — steam powered submarine Robert Moog. (1762-1843). motor scraper. Russia . (1888-1969). Japan — floppy disk. (1903-1942). (1822-1900). float valve. Iraq — valve. 1589-1590).) England — World Wide Web Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. (1766-1843). (1213-1288). England — reflecting telescope (which reduces chromatic aberration) Joseph Nicephore Niépce. Al-Hasan (810-873). India — shampoo Dmitri Dmitrievich Maksutov. Scotland — Gas lighting Jozef Murgas. (1893-1941). (1903-1957). (1847-1923). France — pneumatic tyre Pavel Molchanov. mechanical puppet theater. cable control unit for scrapers Willard Frank Libby. hurricane lamp. Islamic Spain — geared mechanical clock. (c. Sweden — Kerosene stove operated by compressed air Hans Lippershey.S. (1858-1911). — internal combustion engine Garrett A. lost-wax casting Ma Jun. Scotland — waterproof raincoat. Canada — Displacement lubricator Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés. Muhammad (c. (fl. Austrian Empire (ethnical Italian) — self-propelled torpedo Ali Kashmiri ibn Luqman.S. — telegraph Ibn Khalaf al-Muradi. (1874-1934). (1632-1723). taxicab meter James Nasmyth. France — margarine                                Dmitri Mendeleev. Hungary — Von Neumann computer architecture Isaac Newton. Slovakia — inventor of the wireless telegraph (forerunner of the radio) Al-Muqaddasi.(1642-1727). Japan — Optical communication system. CinemaScope.J. life vest Sake Dean Mahomet. USA born. (fl. U. U. (1819-1885). (1862-1931). (1754-1839). bench micrometer Hiram Maxim. 800-873).S. — inventor of the gas mask. Germany — nitrogen-based fertilizer Otto Lilienthal. (1813-1875). (c.                  Sergei Vasiljevich Lebedev. France — hot-air balloon John J. mechanical musical instrument. (c. mobile oil drilling platform. (1861-1939). Laser diode.

(1858-1935). England — steam engine Adolphe Sax. George Pullman. U. heart monitor.S. iron acetate. Belgium — phenakistiscope (stroboscope) Baltzar von Platen.S. — Schrader valve for Pneumatic tire David Schwarz. (1852-1897). Czechoslovakia — ship propeller Charles Francis Richter. Belgium — saxophone Bela Schick. — the Jolly Jumper baby harness Alexander Stepanovich Popov. Iraq — parabolic mirror Andrei Sakharov. (fl. Hungary — diphtheria test Christian Schnabel (1878-1936). (active 1920s). Denmark — electromagnetism. later called Zeppelin Marc Seguin. Russia — invented explosively pumped flux compression generator. U. (1831-1890). — inventor of the Moviola for film editing. sodium hydroxide. Germany — the X-ray machine Ernő Rubik. copper acetate. Romania — Insulin Gustaf Erik Pasch. Germany — foil electret microphone. United States . Iraq (Mesopotamia) — screw pump Iwan Serrurier. (1898-1984). United States — Postage meter Joseph Plateau. Sweden — the blowtorch Theophil Wilgodt Odhner. — Multitrack recording Nicolae Paulescu. (1799 . England — celluloid Charles Algernon Parsons. (1858-1939). Brazil — non-rigid airship and airplane Thomas Savery. (c. U. soap. (1871-1933).S. (1842-1880). — with Sergey Brin invented Google web search engine Helge Palmcrantz. (1845–1903). Schouhamer Immink (1946. U. medical school Muhammad ibn Zakarīya Rāzi (Rhazes). (1793-1857).S. phenol Ira Remsen. Rubik's Magic and Rubik's Clock Ernst Ruska.S. aluminium Elisha Otis. cancer therapy. U. thermoscope. funnel. calcium channel blocker Alberto Santos-Dumont. clinical trial.1931). Italy — seismometer Alexander Parkes. chemotherapy. (1915-). U.1875). (1921-1989). — roller skates Petrache Poenaru. Serbia — pupinization (loading coils). Sweden — the safety match Arthur Paul Pedrick. — passenger elevator with safety device William Oughtred.                                     Carl Rickard Nyberg. U. German — simplistic food cutleries Kees A. (1904–1967). Mark Serrurier. Hungary — telephone exchange                   Hasan al-Rammah. Russia — first two-cylinder motor Olivia Poole. tunable oscillator Tivadar Puskas.S. arsenic trioxide. Persia — distillation and extraction methods. a mechanical calculator J. (1859-1906). (1623-1662). (1718-1794) England — lead chamber process for sulfuric acid synthesis Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen. cinnabar. (1831-1888). — Coca-Cola Slavoljub Eduard Penkala.S. Sweden — the modern padlock Ivan Polzunov. Canada — Chiropractic Luigi Palmieri. developed tokamaks for controlled nuclear fusion Ibn Samh. Turkey — illustrated surgical atlas Ibn Sahl. — saccharin Josef Ressel. clinical pharmacology. phytotherapy.oil processing techniques Hans Christian Ørsted. Hindiba. Sweden — the Odhner Arithmometer.S. U. zinc oxide. (1788-1869).S. torpedo Harun al-Rashid. (973-1037). randomized controlled trial. Sweden — the multi-barrel. 1020). (c. France — barometer Les Paul. Croatia — mechanical pencil Henry Perky. (1575–1660). (705–681 BC). (1906-1988).S. (1777–1851). (1973-). U. (1900–1986). quarantine. Germany — electron microscope Alexander Sablukov. (1873-1932).S. (1930-2001). machine gun Daniel David Palmer. Sweden — refrigerator James Leonard Plimpton. (763-809). (1845-1923). aludel. England — chromatically selective cat flap and others John Pemberton. (1783-1857). — Richter magnitude scale Hyman George Rickover. — Shredded wheat Stephen Perry. United States . Persia — thermometer. (1807-1896). U. U.Lightning detector. (1788-1862). creosote oil. weather instruments Fritz Pfleumer. (1843-1906). Iraq/Persia — public hospital. bismuth oxide. (1931-). — rigid ship. France — wire-cable suspension bridge Sennacherib. (1845-1913). U. Hungary — Rubik's cube. pharmacotherapy. (1854-1931). 1270s). (1650-1715). Russia . (1728-1766). kerosene lamp.S. Croatia. cancer surgery. rose water. (1801-1883). (1846-1927). (1889-1975). paraffin. (1811–1861). silicon microphone              . Russia — centrifugal fan Şerafeddin Sabuncuoğlu. England — slide rule Larry Page.S.S. (1871-1922). (1900-1985). Bulgaria — digital wrist watch. Germany — Magnetic Tape Arthur Pitney. (1385-1468). steam distillation. pharmacopoeia. kerosene. heated bath. (1944-).Atomic bomb Dennis O'Rear. lever-actuated. lead sulfide.). (1881-1945). (1877-1967). (1950-). sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid. Robert Oppenheimer. Romania — Fountain pen Christopher Polhem. England — rubber band Peter Petroff.. (1844-1893). (1831-1897). U. red lead. Netherlands/U. (1919-2004). British — steam turbine Spede Pasanen. sieve Karl von Reichenbach. explosive gunpowder. Finland — The ski jumping sling Blaise Pascal. Syria — purified potassium nitrate.Nuclear Submarine John Roebuck. (1786-1875). 940-1000). (865-965). (1661-1751). (1869 . . Middle East — mechanical geared astrolabe Ibn Sina (Avicenna). (1814-1894). — Pullman sleep wagon Michael I. Netherlands — Major contributor to development of Compact Disc August Schrader. Pupin. essential oil. — Serrurier truss for Optical telescopes Gerhard Sessler. Taxus baccata L. (190?-1988).

(1823-1883). (fl. etc. (c. Russia/U. Netherlands — pentode Edward Teller. 973-1025). (1872-1919). (1020-1101). (1895-1971). Persia — heliocentric astrolabe William Bradford Shockley. Slovakia — gas turbines Reverend Dr Robert Stirling (1790-1878). accessories for opening windows Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. (1927-2004). Russia/United States of America — Airto-air refueling Ibn al-Shatir. Italy — battery Faust Vrančić. U. — blue jeans John Stringfellow. United States — developed the first sexual assault evidence kit Alessandro Volta. Mughal India — autocannon. England — concertina. tensile structure. microphone.S. radio. alternating current Polyphase system.S. — novel.S. (1907-1996). (1829-1902). modern robotics. Philippines — metal treatment lubricants Charles Simonyi. developed first tokamak Mardi bin Ali al-Tarsusi.S. clepsydra. — sandblasting Tipu Sultan. (1551-1617). — gyroscope-guided automatic pilot George Stephenson. England — bouncing bomb Robert Watson-Watt. Hungary — hydrogen bomb Nikola Tesla. Russia — spaceflight Mikhail Tsvet. Croatia — parachute Barnes Wallis. Persia — observatory. U. Russia . 1659-1660). (1799-1883). crystallization of proteins and microbes in space Vladimir Shukhov. (1894-1970).S. thin-shell structure.S. Middle East — counterweight trebuchet. (1948-). Slovenia — electrical switches. Scotland — microwave radar James Watt. U.S. Russia — adsorption chromatography Ibn Tufail. U. England — Incandescent light bulb Percy Spencer. China — first chain drive Simon Sunatori. Germany — regenerative furnace Igor Sikorsky. (1761-1842). (1889-1972). (1802-1875). (1780-1836). 1582). Islamic Spain — philosophical novel Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī. (1828-1914). built on of the first pipelines Augustus Siebe. Netherlands — land yacht Aurel Stodola. (1948-). Vedic India — inventor of Platic Surgery. (1816-1892). Sweden — three-phase electrical power George Westinghouse. U. U. (1895-1980). (1924?-2006). (1839-1902). (1201-1274). 1105-1185). United States — revolving door (1888) Louis R. Playfair cipher Eli Whitney. England — Shrapnel shell ammunition Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor. (1908-2003). U. Eric Tigerstedt.S. — Air brake (rail) Charles Wheatstone. (1304-1375). — co-inventor of transistor Henry Shrapnel. (1846-1914).                                 Alexander Procofieff de Seversky. 1894-1974. U. Estonia/Russia — first electromagnetic telegraph Murasaki Shikibu. lost-wax casting Igor Tamm. (1031-1095). Cataract Surgery. (1736-1819). stereoscope. (1788-1872). (1859-1942). (1811-1875). (1892-1973). (1750-1799). Malaysia — cell growth in outer space. China — improved gnomon. (1771-1805). Canada — long-lasting alkaline battery Theophilus Van Kannel. (1765-1825). bladeless turbine. (b.Shukhov cracking process. — automatic telephone exchange Su Song. England — steam locomotive Simon Stevin. compass dial Shen Kuo. (1855-1893). Australia — the pedal radio Franc Trkman. Canada — inventor of MagneScribe and Magic Spicer Sushruta. catalyst of the Manhattan Project                                 Salih Tahtawi. (1897-1947). — Co-developed the atomic bomb. — helicopter Juanito Simon. multi-barrel gun Al-Sijzi. research institute Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī. armillary sphere. patented the nuclear reactor. wireless communication. (c. Persia — linear astrolabe Lewis Urry. Germany — an electromechanical "dynamic" Sir William Siemens. Syria — astrolabic clock. (1821-1897). (1910-1989). (1135-1213). — sewing machine Elmer Ambrose Sperry. England — first (not permanent) photograph Jonas Wenström. (1841-1919). — microwave oven Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Azophi). Rhinoplasty Joseph Swan. logic gates. U. Serbian-Croatian-American — Tesla Coil. surveying astrolabe Leó Szilárd. (1900-1990). (1856-1943). England — airplane Almon Strowger. India — iron-cased and metal-cylinder rocket Alfred Traeger. mangonel Bernard Tellegen. VTOL aircraft. Scotland — Stirling engine Levi Strauss. (1959-). — the cotton gin Frank Whittle. psychological novel Fathullah Shirazi. (1781-1848). (c.S. (1887-1925). (1903-1978). 1187). 1972). (c. (1548-1620). Hungary — Hungarian notation Isaac Singer. compendium instrument. Persia — timekeeping astrolabe. Vitullo. (1898-1964). (1857-1935).S. induction motor. Russia — with Andrey Sakharov. (1887-1979). navigational astrolabe. Germany/England — Inventor of the standard diving dress Werner von Siemens. Hungary — co-inventor of cathode ray tube and iconoscope Benjamin Chew Tilghman. Scotland — improved Steam engine Thomas Wedgwood. (1745-1827). (1913-1989). Finland — triode vacuum tube Kalman Tihanyi. England — co-inventor of the jet engine Otto Wichterle. (903-986). 945-1020). (600 BC). polaraxis sundial.S. Mughal India — seamless globe and celestial globe. Czechoslovakia — invented modern contact lenses . (1853-1939). and sighting tube Pavel Schilling. (c. (1860-1930). Hungary/U.

Iraq/Syria/Tunisia/Spain — bangs. cosmetology school. solid lipstick. chemical depilatory. kinescope. Orville (1871-1948) and Wilbur (1867-1912) — U. Islamic Spain — cosmetic dentistry. epilepsy and seizure medications. (1091–1161). sound. (78-139). (1862-1945).S. Z2. microfinance Abu Yaqub Yusuf. U. (1905-1995). 1940). — powered airplane Arthur Wynne.S. general anaesthetic. toothpaste.             Paul Winchell. (789—857).1013). Japan — Yagi antenna Khalid ibn Yazid. bone saw. cotton dressing and bandage. China — invented the first hydraulic-powered armillary sphere Zheng He. hair care. ligature Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel).S. tooth bleaching. U. (1847-1894). parasitology. curette. (1028–1087). (1922-2005). suntan lotion. (c. Baldwin Wood. (683-727).[disambiguation needed] roll-on deodorant. narcotic-soaked sponge.Yablochkov candle. three-course meal Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar).S. retractor. Syria/Egypt — potassium nitrate Yi Xing. Bangladesh — microcredit. Islamic Spain — general anaesthesia. surgical spoon. (635-704). China.S. Hand cream and lotion. Hidetsugu Yagi. adhesive bandage and plaster.18. inhalational anaesthetic. tracheotomy. England — creator of crossword puzzle Pavel Yablochkov. — the Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph Wright brothers. nasal spray. pharmacopoeia Konrad Zuse. — the Bell Helicopter Muhammad Yunus. (1889-1982). invented the escapement mechanism Arthur M. Z3. Z4) Vladimir Zworykin. (936 . December 1995). Russia/U. Islamic Spain — almanac. Germany — invented the first Computer (Z1. (1856-1910). Russia — the first effective filtering coal gas mask in the world Zhang Heng. universal astrolabe Nikolay Zelinsky. — Iconoscope. Russia . Morocco/Spain — siege cannon Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis). equatorium. under-arm deodorant.S. 1274). U. (22. topical cream. China — treasure ship Ziryab. oral anesthesia. (b. catgut. June 1910 .         . hair dye. (1886-1976). — high volume pump Granville Woods. (1861-1953). U. (1879-1956). Young. surgical hook and rod. — the artificial heart A. beauty parlour. (1371–1433).