1. PRESENT TENSE a. Simple Present Tense Formula : + } S + V1 + O/C - } S + Do/does + not + V1 + O/C ?

} Do/does + S + V1 + O/C Example : + } Sisca Reads book everyday - } Sisca does not Read book everyday ? } does Sisca Read book everyday  Yes He does / No He does not (doesn’t)  For I, We, You, They = do  He, She, It = Does Example Sentence : (+) She is a new people here. (-) She isn’t a new people here. (?) Is she a new people here? b. Present Continuous Tense Formula : + } S + Be + V1 + ing + O/C >> - } S + Be + not + V1 + ing + O/C >> ? } Be + S + V1 + ing + O/C >>  Yes They are / no they are not  For I = am  They, we, you = are  He, She, It = Is Example Sentence : (+) He is playing badminton now (-) He isn’t playing badminton now. (?) Is he playing badminton now. c. Present Perfect Tense Formula : subject+auxiliary verb+main verb Example : (+) you have eaten mine. (-) she has not been to Rome. (?) have you finished?

+ } They are playing badminton now – } They are not playing badminton now ? } Are they playing badminton now ?

It = Was  They. PAST TENSE a. . (?) Were they talking about sport when I met him. She. He. (?) Has she been going to Malang ? 2. Present Perfect Continuous Tense Formula : (+) : S + have/has + been + Ving (-) : S + have/has + not + been + Ving (?) : Have/has + S + been + Ving Example : (+) She has been going to Malang since evening. (-) They weren’t talking about sport when I met him. we.d. Simple Past Tense Formula : +} S+Be+Was/Were+O/C -} S+Be+Was/Were+not+O/C ?} Be+Was/Were+ S+O/C Example : +} We were at school yesterday -} We were not at school yesterday ?} Were we at school yesterday ?  For I. you = were Example Sentence : (+) I saw a good film last night (-) I saw not a good film last night (?) Saw I a good film last night b. Past Continuous Tense Formula : (+) : S + was/were + Ving (-) : S + was/were + NOT + Ving (?) : Was/Were + S + Ving Example : (+) They were talking about sport when I met him. (-) She hasn’t been going to Malang since evening.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense Formula : subject+auxiliary verb HAVE+auxiliary verb BE+main verb Example : (+) When they washed my drees . your father hadn’t been playing badminton (?) When they washed my dress . (?) Shall President at Nederland the day after tomorrow? b.c. I hadn’t painted my motor cycle (?) Had I my motor cycle . Simple Future Tense Formula : subject+auxiliary verb WILL+main verb Example : (+) President shall at Nederland the day after tomorrow. when my brother arrived ? d. (-) I will not writing a comic. (?) Will they have received it? . Past Perfect Tense Formula : subject+auxiliary verb HAVE+main verb (+) : S + had + V3 (-) : S + had + not + V3 (?) : Had + S + V3 Example : (+) When my brother arrived . (?) Will I be writing a comic ? c. had your father been playing badminton ? 3. (-) We will not have left. Future Continuous Tense Formula : subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb BE+main verb Example : (+) I will be writing a comic. (-) President shall not at Nederland the day after tomorrow. your father had been playing badminton (-) When they washed my dress . Future Perfect Tense Formula : subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb HAVE+main verb Example : (+) You will have forgotten me by then. I had painted my motor cycle (-) When my brother arrived . FUTURE TENSE a.

(-) They wouldn’t buy a home the previous day. PAST FUTURE TENSE a. (?) Will I have been riding a news paper ? 4. Past Future Continuous Tense Formula : (+) : S + would + be + Ving (-) : S + would + not + be + Ving (?) : Would + S + be + Ving Example : (+) I should be swimming at this time the following day. (-) I shouldn’t be swimming at this time the following day. (-) He wouldn’t have gone if he had met his darling (?) Would He have gone if he had met his darling ? . Past Future Tense Formula : (+) : S + would + V1 (-) : S + would + not + V1 (?) : Would + S + V1 Example : (+) They would buy a home the previous day. (-) I will haven’t been reading a news paper. (?) Shall I be swimming at this time the following day ? c. Past Future Perfect Tense Formula : (+) : S + would + have + V3 (-) : S + would + not + have + V3 (?) : Would + S + have + V3 Example : (+) He would have graduated if he had studies hard.d. (?) Would they buy a home the previous day ? b. Future Perfect Continuous Tense Formula : subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb HAVE+auxiliary verb BE+main verb Example : (+) I will have been reading a news paper.

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Formula : (+) : S + would + have + been + Ving (-) : S + would + not + have + been + Ving (?) : Would + S + have + been + Ving Example : (+) Mrs. Anisa Munif wouldn’t have been walking here for seventeen year (?) Would Mrs.ciri Topik pidato 1. Menghindari penggunaan kata-kata yang meragukan dan berlebih-lebihan.Apakah pengertian dari metode naskah? 4. Anisa Munif have been walking here for seventeen years? Rumusan Masalah Rumusan masalah dalam makalah ini yaitu: 1. Menggunakan contoh dan ilustrasi yang mempermudah pendengar dalam memahamikonsep yang abstrak apabila diperlukan. Berikan ikhtisar butir-butir yang penting. 12. nada.Apakah yang dimaksud dengan pidato? 2. Anisa Munif would have been walking here for seventeen years (-) Mrs. Menggunakan bahasa yang mudah dipahami pendengar. kecepatan bicara secara bervariasi. Mengorganisasikan materi sajian dengan urut dari hal mudah ke hal yangsulit dan lengkap.Apa saja tujuan dari berpidato? 3. 6. 11. Menggunakan nada suara.d. 4. volume suara. Memberi penekanan dengan cara mengadakan variasi dalam gaya penyajian. 5. intonasi. 7. baik selama sajian maupun padaakhir sajian. Membuat dan mengajukan pertanyaan untuk mengetahui pemahaman pendengar. atau sikap pendengar. dan sikap yang tepat agar pendengar tidak bosan atau terkesan monoton. jika diperlukan. Gunakan variasi suara dalam memberikan penekanan pada hal-hal yang penting.Bagaimana cara berpidato yang baik dengan metode naskah ? Ciri . minat pendengar. 3.8. Program atau materi disajikan dengan urutan yang jelas. Menggunakan bahasa tubuh yang mendukung komunikasi Anda dengan pendengar . Kejelasan lafal. 2. 10.Sebutkan keuntungan dan kekurangan dari metode naskah? 5. 9.

Tujuan Pidato Suatu pidato tentu memiliki tujuan atau maksud yang akan disampaikan.tujuan pidato ini memberikan semangat atau dorongan moral pada pendengar.sehingga dapat juga menjadi media penyampaian informasi kepada masyarakat secaralangsung. 3. Menghibur. tentu dengan batasanbatasan dan tidak melupakan kesan pidato yang formal. Misalnya pidato mengajak masyarakat untuk menjaga kebersihan lingkungan. tujuan pidato antara lain : 1. Menyampaikan informasi. tujuan pidato ini bermaksud untuk menghibur pendengar. Mempengaruhi. Memotivasi. . 2. tujuan pidato ini biasanya mempengaruhi atau mengajak masyarakatuntuk melakukan sesuatu seperti yang diinginkan oleh pembawa pidato. 4. pidato merupakan bentuk komunikasi dengan pihak lain.