BOP Accumulator Units

Sara's BOP Accumulator Units meet or exceed the design specification as specified in API 16D. Each control system is specifically engineered to assure reliable control of the BOP stack with adequate reserve for continuous operation under emergency conditions. Sara

welcomes the opportunity to assist you in the proper selection of standard equipment or custom design to meet your application and certification requirements. .

control was received via valve operation of the cylinders on the Accumulator Unit. Accordingly. electrical or both power sources. a new panel design with faster and smarter control capability was needed. the remote panels required quicker response time and the ability to log and diagnose problems before they occurred. Remote Panel PLC Based. Easy rig up and rig down These panels functioned well for some time. Electrical panels used a system of relays and contacts that were configured to establish the valve operation logic. As Accumulator Unit safety became increasingly important. Due to the level of technology available.This system shown here is for Air Remote Control Panel operation. Electric lights in the panels functioned as valve indicators. while . NOV Sara’s control keeps the best features and reliability of its predecessors. Touchscreen Driven. the panels were controlled by pneumatic. On pneumatic panels. Sara systems that are designed to meet API 16D must have Air-Electric Remote Control Panels if they are used on Offshore Drilling Rigs. Remote Panel System for BOP Accumulator Unit Background Handles high temperatures up to 60 C The display panels currently used in the accumulator system were first designed in the 1980’s. but contained various intrinsic flaws.

. low manifold pressure. Features            Explosion proof for Class I Div. II Air cooler for higher temperatures Logging of functions and alarms Air and battery back up Minimum rig-up time.overcoming the flaws that inherent in the older panels. I or Class I Div. no air hose System can be retrofitted on existing units System can set secondly pressure units System can set minimum and maximum gauge readings Time zones can be set for accurate logging Impact resistant IR touchscreen Help Screen included for diagnostics without opening the panel Functions       Visual indications of valve position Audible and visual alarm for low accumulator pressure. low rig air pressure and low reservoir fluid level Push buttons from open/close function with master push button for two hand operation Push buttons for high/low function of bypass valve Push buttons for raise/lower annular regulator pressure setting Push button for lamp test Options       Wireless capability for remote communications Permits remote monitoring of Unit Status Communications via Optical fiber Cable Screen displays with reduced sun glare Communication via Co-axial Cable Communication via Ethernet touchscreen or Gauges.

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Blowout preventer stack BOP Stack Annular BOP Ram-Type BOP Choke Manifold Accumulator . BOPs and associated valves are installed on top of the casing head before drilling ahead after rigging up. 1. These high-pressure safety valves and associated equipment are designed to shut off the well hole and prevent the escape of the underground fluids and prevent a blowout from occurring. The BOP and associated equipment consists of:      Fig. After installation. the BOP and associated valves are pressure tested to insure integrity and proper operations.The second line of defense for the workers and the well to prevent a blowout is the group of equipment called blowout preventers (BOPs).

. The kill line valve is used to direct drilling fluid to the BOP during a kick. 2. there can be a kill line valve and a choke line valve. Fig. A blowout preventer (BOP) with one annular BOP on top and two ram type BOPs are stacked together with a kill line valve and a choke line valve. The choke line valve is used to redirect the mud from the well bore to the choke manifold during a kick. Also.BOP Stack A BOP installation could consist of both annular and ram-type BOPs assembled into a stack. piston. 3. Annular BOP Fig. Annular blowout preventer cutaway diagram showing the head. wear plate.

Ram-type blowout preventer Choke Manifold A choke manifold is a system of valves used to circulate out a kick and to circulate mud in of the proper weight.packing unit. and closing Annular BOPs are designed to form a seal chamber. Ram-Type BOP Ram-type BOPs have rubber faced steel rams that come together with great force to seal the wellbore. This device responds automatically to a kick and can prevent a blowout if properly installed and maintained. 4. Choke manifold Accumulator . opening chamber. Fig. Fig. in the annular space between the drill pipe and the wellbore and are usually mounted at the top of the BOP stack. Usually two or more ram-type BOP's are mounted in the BOP stack. 5.

diesel). and Control valves. called an accumulator. The blowout preventer control systems accumulator showing regulator valves. Control manifold. control manifold. and pump (electric. back-up pump (pneumatic). . control valves. This system of consists of:       Compressed gas bottles. 6. Fig. provides the energy to operate the blowout preventers. hydraulic reservoir. Hydraulic reservoir. Pumps. accumulator bottles. Regulator valves.The BOP control system. gas.

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Blowout preventer .

.Cameron Int'l Corporation's EVO Ram BOP Drawing.

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Hydril Annular BOP Drawing. .

Blow-out preventers were developed for coping with extreme erratic pressures and uncontrolled flow (formation kick) emanating from a well reservoir during drilling. control & monitor oil and gas wells. specialized valve used to seal. Kicks can lead to a potentially .Blowout preventer The blow-out preventer is a large.

. as well as auxiliary components. is positioned within. i. riser joint. Subsea BOPs are connected to the offshore rig above by a drilling riser that provides a continuous pathway for the drill string and fluids emanating from the wellbore. Several individual units serving various functions are combined to compose a blow-out preventer stack. The abbreviated term preventer. thus blow-out preventers are intended to be fail-safe devices. blow-out preventers are intended to prevent tubing (e. internal blow-out preventer. hydraulic accumulators. blow-out preventers are critical to the safety of crew. ram preventer). a riser extends the wellbore to the rig. A blow-out preventer may also simply be referred to by its type (e. sizes and pressure ratings.e. drill pipe and well casing). and to the monitoring and maintenance of well integrity. The primary functions of a blow-out preventer system are to . In effect. blow-out preventers come in a variety of styles. This article does not address inside blow-out preventer use. or IBOP. called an inside blow-out preventer.g. Multiple blow-out preventers of the same type are frequently provided for redundancy. usually prefaced by a type (e. kill and choke lines and valves. and restricts flow up. In addition to controlling the down-hole (occurring in the drilled hole) pressure and the flow of oil and gas. the drillpipe. Two categories of blow-out preventer are most prevalent: ram and annular. known as the wellhead. tools and drilling fluid from being blown out of the wellbore (also known as bore hole. an important factor in the effectiveness of fail-safe devices.) blow-out preventers are used at land and offshore rigs.g. (A related valve. control pods. hydraulic connectors. which are dangerous and costly. The terms blow-out preventer. blowouts. That term BOP (an initialism rather than spoken as a word. the hole leading to the reservoir) when a blow-out threatens. rig (the equipment system used to drill a wellbore) and environment. Land and subsea BOPs are secured to the top of the wellbore. BOP stacks frequently utilize both types. is used to refer to a single blow-out preventer unit.catastrophic event known as a blow-out. blow-out preventer stack and blow-out preventer system are commonly used interchangeably and in a general manner to describe an assembly of several stacked blow-out preventers of varying type and function. test valve. and subsea. Use of blow-out preventer:The invention of blow-out preventers was instrumental in reducing the incidence of oil gushers. A typical subsea deepwater blow-out preventer system includes components such as electrical and hydraulic lines.pronounced 'B' 'O' 'P') is used in oilfield vernacular to refer to blow-out preventers. ram). typically with at least one annular BOP stacked above several ram BOPs.g. and a support frame. BOPs on offshore rigs are mounted below the rig deck.

annulus. authorities recommend. up the annulus and out through the choke line at the base of the BOP stack through chokes (flow restrictors) until down-hole pressure is overcome.Confine well fluid to the wellbore. In drilling a typical high-pressure well. potentially shooting tubing. forcibly pumping. This is less desirable because of the higher surface pressures likely needed and the fact that much of the mud originally in the annulus must be forced into receptive formations in the open hole section beneath the deepest casing shoe. damaging the rig. Denser mud is then circulated into the wellbore down the drill string. between drillpipe and casing). When a kick (influx of formation fluid) occurs. seal the void. Seal the wellhead (close off the wellbore). As the well is drilled. and regulations require. If the integrity of the well is intact drilling may be resumed. and leaving well integrity in question. Allow controlled volumes of fluid to be withdrawn from the wellbore. Since BOPs are important for the safety of the crew and natural environment. Shut in the well (e. drilling fluid. from the reservoir into the wellbore) . Alternatively. Center and hang off the drill string in the wellbore. allowing drilling to proceed.g. annulus. and in performing those primary functions. Provide means to add fluid to the wellbore. Additionally. rig operators or automatic systems close the blow-out preventer units. “Kill” the well (prevent the flow of formation fluid. that BOPs be regularly .” is fed through the drill string down to the drill bit. The column of drilling mud exerts downward hydrostatic pressure to counter opposing pressure from the formation being drilled. oil and gas up the wellbore. drill strings are routed through a blow-out preventer stack toward the reservoir of oil and gas. the well has been “killed”. as well as the drilling rig and the wellbore itself. Once “kill weight” mud extends from the bottom of the well to the top. If the blow-out preventers and mud do not restrict the upward pressures of a kick. “blade. a blow-out results. blow-out preventer systems are used to: Regulate and monitor wellbore pressure. sealing the annulus to stop the flow of fluids out of the wellbore. “mud. influx.” and returns up the wellbore in the ring-shaped void. Sever the casing or drill pipe (in case of emergencies). between the outside of the drill pipe and the casing (piping that lines the wellbore). if circulation is not feasible it may be possible to kill the well by "bullheading". in the heavier mud from the top through the kill line connection at the base of the stack.

.g. Tests vary from daily test of functions on critical wells to monthly or less frequent testing on wells with low likelihood of control problems.inspected. Exploitable reservoirs of oil and gas are increasingly rare and remote. a single ram-type BOP unit can weigh in excess of 30. tested and refurbished. while the space allotted for BOP stacks on existing offshore rigs has not grown commensurately. Thus a key focus in the technological development of BOPs over the last two decades has been limiting their footprint and weight while simultaneously increasing safe operating capacity.000 pounds). leading to increased subsea deepwater well exploration and requiring BOPs to remain submerged for as long as a year in extreme conditions. As a result. BOP assemblies have grown larger and heavier (e.