3/20/2012

BEYOND EXCLUSIVE PARTIES:
A Closer Look on the Filipino Lesbians, Bisexual Women and Transgendered Men (LBT) Participation toward Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered (LGBT) Advocacies in Metro Manila

CD 292
Katrina Fe D. Cordova Richell Joy Q. de los Santos

3.20.12

Research Description
• Descriptive and Exploratory • Non-experimental Design - One shot case study

Research Hypothesis
LBTs tends to be less participative on LGBT Advocacies

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Objectives
1. To identify different LGBT organizations and their advocacies in the Metro Manila. 2. To determine the level of awareness, knowledge and attitudes of LBTs about LGBT advocacies 3. To describe the level of participation of LBT community on LGBT advocacies 4. To know the reason why LBT get involved or don’t get involved in LGBT advocacies

Framework

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Data Gathering
Methods: Non-probability sampling • Survey • In-depth interview with LBT advocates • Participant Observation/ Environment scanning • Library Research

Findings

Objective No. 1: To identify what are the different LGBT advocacies and organizations in the Philippines.
• Party Organizations • Cliques and Clans

LGBT LBT Lesbian Bisexual Women Trans Women GBT Gays Transmen

• LGBT orgs and NGOS • LGBT Orgs on Campuses and Workplace • LGBT International organizations with presence in the Metro Manila • LGBT Sectoral Orgs • LGBT organizations under Main Orgs

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Findings

Objective No. 2: To determine the level of awareness, knowledge and attitudes of Filipino LBT community about LGBT advocacies
Level of Awareness, Knowledge and Attitude

2.0000

1.5000

Axis Title

1.0000

0.5000

0.0000

Quanti Result on Knowledge 1.1290

Quali Result on Knowledge 1.24

Quanti Result on Awareness 1.2258

Mean

Quanti Result on Awareness coded 1.77

Quali Result on Attitude 1.1613

Quanti Result on Attitude 1.37

Table 1. Comparison on Awareness, Knowledge and Attitude based on Quali and Quanti Data

Findings

Objective No. 3: To describe the level of participation of LBT community on LGBT advocacies
Level of Participation

2.00

1.50

Axis Title

1.00

0.50

0.00 Mean

Quali Result on Participation 1.30

Quanti Result on Participation 1.7097

Table 2. Comparison of Participation based on Quali and Quanti Data

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How do they get involve on LGBT Advocacies/LBT Advocacy?
Positive Proud Empowered Belongingness Negative Disappointed Out of place Still have internal homophobia
Table 3. LBTs Participation on LGBT Advocacies

Fulfillment Liberated Cool

LBTs Reaction when joining advocacies and activities:

Table 4. LBTs Reactions in Joining LGBT Advocacies

Findings

Objective No. 4: To know the reason why LBT get involved or don’t get involved in LGBT advocacies
Correlations

Awareness Participati 2 on2 Pearson Correlation
Awareness2

1

.703** .000

There is a significant correlation between LBTs Awareness and their tendency to Participate

Sig. (2-tailed) N Pearson Correlation 31 .703** .000

31 1

Correlations

Participation2

Sig. (2-tailed)

Pearson Correlation
Participation

Particip Knowledg ation e 1 .511** .003 31 .511** .003 31 1

31 N 31 **. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2tailed). Table 5. Correlation between Awareness and Participation

Sig. (2-tailed) N Pearson Correlation

There is a significant correlation between LBTs Knowledge on LGBT Advocacies and their tendency to Participate

Knowledge

Sig. (2-tailed)

N 31 31 **. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2tailed). Table 6. Correlation between Knowledge and Participation

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Correlations

Pearson Correlation
Participation

Participat Attitude Participation ion 1 .315 .084 31 .315 .084 31 31 31 1 -

Table 7. Correlation between Attitude and

Sig. (2-tailed) N Pearson Correlation

Reasons for Involvement/Non Involvement Accdg to Quali Survey
Reasons for Involvement To promote LGBT Rights To have fun To fulfill the desire to join a group Personal fulfillment To acquire additional knowledge Reasons for NonInvolvement Time considerations Apathy Closeted Internal homophobia Does not know how to participate Have not found the right organization

Attitude

Sig. (2-tailed) N

There is no significant correlation between LBTs Attitude towards LGBT/LBT Advocacies and their tendency to Participate KII Result for not participation • Class and Economic • Attitude of LBTs towards being an LGBT and LGBTs advocacies • Knowledge on being an LGBT and LGBT advocacies • Organizational and internal politics

-

-

Table 8. Reasons for Involvement/Non Involvement Accdg to Quali Survey

Analysis of Findings
• Despite high level of Awareness and Knowledge on LGBT Advocacies, attitude of LBTs is neutral gearing towards the negative direction. This could be attributed to internal homophobia, apathy on advocacies due to their class or economic conditions or disillusionment to the internal politics within the LGBT/LBT organizations. In addition to that LBTs attitude toward LGBT advocacies are also highly influence by prescriptions of the society, society being more tolerant to the Gays, Bisexual men and Transgendered women. The level of participation of LBTs on LGBT/LBT organization and advocacies is gearing towards the low level direction. 61% of the survey participants admit that they do not participate in any LGBT/LBT advocacies and organization, while 26% performs LGBT/LBT advocacies through their personal capacities such as Information dissemination among friends thru text messaging, social networking, organization, making videos about LGBT advocacy and voting for Ladlad partylisy, only 13% considers herself to be performing advocacy work through membership, volunteerism and social development work.

• •

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Analysis of Findings
• From the correlation between Awareness and participation it showed there is a positive correlation between awareness on LGBT advocacies to the level of participation of LBTs towards LBT/LGBT advocacies. • It also showed that there is a positive correlation between Knowledge on LGBT advocacies to the level of participation of LBTs towards LBT/LGBT advocacies. • However, it shows that there is no correlation between attitudes on LGBT advocacies and the level of participation of LBTs towards LBT/LGBT advocacies. • Qualitative data coming from the survey also support that reasons for non-involvement of LBTs on LBT/LGBT issues are based on their attitudes towards LBT and LGBT advocacies. • Result of the KII also mentioned that attitude towards LBT/LGBT advocacies is also a factor on LBTs participation.

Conclusion
• The Result of the study supports the hypothesis of the research that LBTs tends to have low participation on LGBT Advocacies and organizations. • Factors that surfaced on LBTs low participation can be attributed to LBTs attitudes towards LGBT/LBT advocacies. • However, Knowledge and Awareness is a factor for LBTs Participation. At the same time knowledge and awareness is also a factor on LBTs Attitude towards LBT/LGBT Advocacies. • Therefore, we can safely conclude that LGBT advocacy work have a positive impact on making LBTs aware of LGBT organizations and advocacies.

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Recommendations
For LBT/LGBT organization and advocacy groups to: • To focus their work on raising the knowledge of LBTs on LGBT advocacies to increase LBT participation. • To strengthen their work on changing the attitudes of LBTs on LBT/LGBT advocacies to increase LBT participation For future researchers to: • To conduct further study on the topic with larger audience and wider representation among the LBTs. • To look further into the attitudes of LBTs on LBT/LGBT advocacies that surfaced during the study as an issue of LBTs on their participation

THANK YOU SOOOO MUCH!!!

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