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CATALO GUE *n cow* necfwn wtffi tfie use of F/& ClAYB&tCK otf<s REFRACTORIES co Copyright 1908 H ARB I S O N -WALKER by Harbison-Walker Refractories Co. .

for mak- ing the highest grade For shapes made.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. TOTAL DAILY CAPACITY OF ALL WORKS 1.100.000 BRICK . . PITTSBURGH.. * ^ Ind. a modern plant equipped silica brick.HARBISON. EAST CHICAGO WORKS \ \ 1 E have recently erected at East Chicago. see page 9.

is the most With a wide range of records on hand.. have been core drilled.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. acspondence cording to circumstances. The results. all clay deposits. Correor an interview will determine. the best experts employed and record maps placed on file. enable us following unrivaled of fire brick. which suitable brand to use. PA. fire manufacturing busiDuring the growth and expansion of the brick business from small beginnings to present in all the output corresponding to the growth and demands of the iron and steel industries it has been the aim of this Company to maintain the lead in supplying all demands for high grade fire brick and refractory mateTo this end. as the " " for blast furnace BENEZET linings. Some are similar in character to others. This work has been going on systematically for over thirty years. worthy of investigation. with the association of a to offer the few of the most experienced and successful brick manufacturers. but owing to location of works one brand may obtain a more favorable freight rate in a given case. FIRE BRICK material is DEPARTMENT the factor of supreme GOOD importance ness. enabling the Company to open mines in the irregular formations of fire clay with exact knowledge of what will be opened. the broadest experience in . list of well known brands Some of the brands are specially fitted for special work. seemingly rial. PITTSBURGH.

boiler settings.. blast furnace stove brick that neither disintegrate nor become vitrified with the severe blast that occur in changes of temperature and furnace stoves incident to conditions connected therewith the best of brick for cupolas. also in longitudinal. the business. hold the best continuous records in open hearth steel. copper smelting. The records held by these brands are the result of careful observation over a long period and Our Ganister selection from the best clays.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. and the good will of over seven thousand patrons to maintain. The brick intended for different parts of a blastfurnace lining are branded "HEARTH "TOP" & BOSH. . PITTSBURGH. lime kilns. open hearth steel . The brands included the world's record for output of metal per furnace lining. con- tinuous glass furnaces and general purposes where high temperatures are in use. by-product and bee hive coke ovens.HARBISON." "INWALL" and to prevent the mason from making mistakes. rotary cement kilns. rock used in making Silica brick is selected from decidedly the finest deposits of this rock Our silica brands to be found anywhere. however large or small. it is reasonable for customers to assume that they will get reliable advice and careful attention carry to orders. copper and continuous glass furnaces. furnaces.

PA.. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. .

PITTSBURGH. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON.. .

PITTSBURGH. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co..HARBISON. .

" the known East Chicago brand. Missouri. STAR. Michi- gan. PA. see the following page.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. placing this plant decidedly advance of any silica brick works heretofore erected. New in features have been successfully intro- duced in the works. " W. Illinois. comes from the wellThe quarries Wisconsin deposits. Wisconsin. EAST CHICAGO WORKS WE The regard East Chicago a modern plant for the manufacture of first quality have erected at silica brick. glass furnaces or for any purpose where the best silica brick are required. were selected after careful prospecting of the entire territory and numerous tests of brick made from rock of various localities. location to. was selected especially with the trade in Indiana. Colorado and other western points.. The Ganister rock used in " W. For standard shapes.HARBISON. STAR " in every way is a high grade silica brick for open hearth furnaces. . PITTSBURGH.

. .HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. PA.

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. All our "MAGNESIA "and "CHROME" "H. PITTSBURGH. MAGNESIA AND CHROME DEPARTMENT this department of " we manufacture two brick for use in IN brands basic MAGNESIA " steel is open hearth furnaces or other required." brick are branded 10 . Co. R.. PA.-W. and places where basic material one brand of "CHROME" brick specially adapted for use in basic open hearth steel furnaces or other places where basic material is required.

PA. and in every way the best magnesite on the market. it is necessary to quarry five tons of rock for every ton of magnesite shipped. Our magnesite is the standard quality and is prepared in the most careful manner. as red. magnesite brought to the United States was a shipbought in Europe in 1885. The principal use of magnesite is for forming bottoms in BASIC oi'KX HEARTH STEEL FURNACES. 1XG FURNACES. Owing to the severe rejections in the quarry and the shrinkage in weight in calcining. reducing nor oxidizing.J ^"^ KSOl" IOX PK of Chromium. on the floors of the ports. and contains the correct proportion of fluxing constituents to make it frit or set at the proper temperature in BASIC OPEN HEARTH STEEL FURNACES. I It is used principally in BASIC OPEX HEARTH FUR- X ACKS. and tamped in the side walls of COPPER REVERBERATORIES to take the splash of the metal. That which is accepted is hand-picked. material shipped being carefully manu- The use factured and selected. satisfactory and economical. thorough burning and careful hand-picking make it the most uniform. is exceedingly refractory. Chrome Ore is generally useful where chemical action and high temperature combined are to be resisted. careful selection. PITTSBURGH. \Ve can furnish a Chrome Ore running especially low in siliea and containing from 88 to 42 per cent. The first basic in the United States was manufactured in 188(5. dense and neutral. absolutely dead-burned.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. known commercially as Chrome Ore.. A more limited >! magnesite is to make bottoms in MECHANICAL PUDPI. CH ROME ORE . the bottoms of Its low silica and lime contents. of magnesite has increased progressively with the increased production of basic steel. in such places as along the back walls of STATIONARY and TILTING FURNACES. and a Chrome Ore running 50 per cent. and as a protection to the silica brick in the ports and furnace blocks. basic. of chromium sesquioxide. HEATING FURNACES. DEAD-BURNED OR GRAIN MAGNESITE first ment THE made steel of 800 tons. it is neither acid. . chromium sesquihipping either in lump form or finely ground.

Several companies report excellent results by putting in six or eight courses of magnesia brick as the top courses in the gas checkers. Some manufacturers of Portland cement have found mag- nesia brick to last very well in the burning zone of ROTARY KILNS. . MAGN ESIA BRICK use the highest quality selected magnesite in making Magnesia Brick. They are very good conductors of heat. The best results are obtained from magnesia brick in furnaces where continuous heats are used. and in the side walls and on the wall to take the splash of the metal. They are used around the door jambs and tapping holes. In BASIC OPEN STEEL FURNACES a number of courses of magnesia brick are used in making the foundation for the bottom the bottom being made of dead-burned magnesite.. Magnesia brick should not be subjected to excessive weight . DROSS and BULLION FURNACES.. Magnesia brick are being widely adopted by COPPER RE- they are being used in the bottom.HARBISON. magnesia brick are found to be an in the bottom and on the bridge wall. Great variation of temperature. bridge Many COPPER CONVERTERS are. Sidewalks are built of magnesia brick to a height of about 15 inches above the bottom of the charging doors. WELDING and MELTING FURNACES CALCIUM CARBIDE KILNS. where they last a long time. such as SILVER SLIMES VERBERATORIES. and where this heat conductivity would injure the plate work they should be backed up with some other of our high-grade material. solution of the problem of refractory linings. etc. exposure while hot to currents of cold air or to contact while hot with water or oil. Magnesia brick are used along the slag line of METAL WE HEARTH . Magnesia brick should be laid in magnesite cement. In the construction of SOAKING PITS magnesia brick have replaced fire brick in the six or eight bottom courses. and to face the furnace blocks as a protection to the silica brick. They expand slightly at high temperatures.000 degrees Fahrenheit or over at low temperature their electrical conductivity is less than porcelain. lined with one course of magnesia brick laid in magnesite cement. PITTSBURGH. ELECTRICAL SMELTING. find the use of magnesia brick a . They are better conductors of electricity than porcelain at 2. . HEATING. They are also being used to advantage in the bulkheads of the ports. The utmost attention.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. and our Magnesia Brick are the standard of quality. In BILLET and BAR HEATING FURNACES economy when used pounds of roll scale. running on producer or natural gas. next to the shell. Sometimes bottoms are made of magnesite mixed with roll scale in the proportion of one ton of dead-burned magnesite to 600 or 800 MIXERS instead of fire-clay brick. which is built as an inverted arch. when hot. will cause them to shatter and spawl. PA. Special types of furnaces. care and experience are given to all the processes of manufacture and burning.

HEATING FURNACES and In COPPER SMELTING REFINING chrome brick are used in the bottom courses and around the tap holes of BLAST FURNACES. at furnace heat they can come in contact with water without breaking or spawling. Chrome brick are practically unaffected by changes in temperature. shell. They should not be subr jected to excessive weight w hen hot.. They expand slightly at high temperatures. PITTSBURGH. 13 . Chrome brick are being used with good results along the slag line of COAL-FIRED having cinder bottoms. in lining PLANTS SETTLERS. CHROME BRICK /""""*> HROME brick ture. PA. have adopted in places used in melting and chrome brick where fire clay or other refracin several tory brick are rapidly destroyed. ore with They have been used with success Chrome RO- brick should be laid in finely ground chrome the exception noted above. Chrome brick are useful in making quick repairs in furnace at working heat. especially on the slag matte line and in lining When chrome brick are put next to CONVERTERS the shell they should be laid in magnesite cement instead of chrome ore.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. as they are not affected by sudden changes of tem- y^ and neutral. the former sticking well to iron work. HEARTH NACE perature. are very refractory. In BASIC OPEN STEEL FURconstruction they are used as a neutral course between the fire clay brick on the bottom plates and the magnesia brick forming the foundation for the hearth The floors of ports and the facing or furnace bottom.HARBISON. TARY CEMENT KILNS making Portland cement. and around the tap next to the holes. of port walls and backwalls of uptakes are built of chrome brick in many furnaces. dense in strucThey are practically infusible. LEAD SOFTENING and REFINING FURNACES and many types of SPECIAL FURNACES smelting alloys. In bottoms of of SOAKING PITS fire chrome brick replace six or eight courses clay brick with advantage.

. PA..HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH.

& W. & W. The following brands manufactured have been long recognized as standards in this district: THE and Ohio Portsmouth Harbison. & W. & W.. hot blast stoves. Co. No. or where brick are re- Anglo-Saxon R-Jenkins quired to withstand friction as well as high temperature. H. PITTSBURGH. The plants of this company are favorably located for supplying the iron. High Grade Franklin Crown Malleable Royal Star mill work. 1 For standard shapes. boiler settings. f First quality clay brick for blast furnaces.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. cupolas.Walker Company has large tracts of fine quality H. Co. side walls of mal- H. malleable iron works. see pages 6 and 1 7 15 . Co. cupo- glass works. Liner j ' Special brands for bee hive coke ovens. and for all other purposes where brick are required to withstand high temlas. H. and other purpdses where good second quality fire brick are required. First quality brick for high grade H. H. cement and lime H. perature. kilns. & W. PA. 1 Sligo Scioto Star Webster leable furnaces. Top Kentucky Steel & W. steel works. & W. c Second quality brick for hot blast stoves.HARBISON. THE PORTSMOUTH HARBISON-WALKER COMPANY flint clay in southern northern Kentucky. Crown Co. Inwall Co. steel and other industries in the territory lying west and south of Pittsburgh. engine tile. steel works. Hearth and Bosh Co. boiler settings. C-Franklin Crown C-Sligo i C-Franklin Crown and C-Sligo are made | ' especially for cupolas. Co.

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES

Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

THE PORTSMOUTH HARBISON-WALKER
STANDARD SHAPES-FIRE CLAY
Shapes

CO.

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

THE PORTSMOUTH HARBISON-WALKER
STANDARD SHAPES-FIRE CLAY-CONTINUED

CO.

HARBISON^ WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

CLEARFIELD FIRE BRICK

WORKS

THE
tends

trade of the Clearfield

Fire Brick

Company
wide
of brick

ex-

over

a

territory

and the brands
are favorably

made

known

for steel

purposes, malleable iron works,
blast

furnaces,

puddling fur-

naces, lime kilns, general mill

purposes and other places where brick made from high
grade clay are required. The clays used are all selected flint
clays.

On
list

the following page is a of brands and standard

shapes,
tration.

giving page of

illus-

18

PA..HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. . PITTSBURGH.

etc." " INWALL WIGTON. tery l^ilns.HARBISON. PHILIPSBURG FIRE BRICK WORKS The Philipsburg Fire Brick Works make brands from choice Clearfield County flint clays " WIGTON STEEL" which is recognized as a standard brick for general mill work it is also widely used in pot: the following .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. "HEARTH &" BOSH WIGTON. PITTSBURGH.. PA. STANDARD SHAPES-FIRE CLAY Shapes ." "Top WIGTON which have long been standard brands for blast furnace linings.

tured are material. The various brands manufacmade from high grade and are standard etc. for general mill work. PITTSBURGH. . REESE CLAY AND SILICA BRICK WORKS Reese THE Company ably Isaac & Sons has been favor- known to the consumers of fire brick for a long period. The REESE has brand of enviable Silica Brick an reputation.. backed up by some remarkable records. with page of tration. PA.Hearth Steel. The 23 tables on pages 22 and show the brands and stanillus- dard shapes. for Open.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Continuous Glass Tank and Copper Reverberatory Furnaces.

.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. PA..

. PA. PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. .HARBISON.

gas plants. ( stacks. f No. PITTSBURGH. i quality brick for use are not re- Eureka I where brick of the highest refractoriness quired. open hearth furnaces.HARBISON. . First quality brick for the discharge or hot end of rotary kilns. Hearth Inwall & Bosh Munro Munro Top Munro Made especially for blast furnace linings. quality brick for feed kilns. lime kilns. flues. CLINTON COUNTY FIRE BRICK WORKS the following CLINTON County Fire Brick Works make brands from high grade flint Clinton County clays : First quality brick for glass works. | [ / Second quality brick in for use Clinton j boiler settings.. mal- leable furnaces. and for all other work where high grade first quality clay brick are required. Alusil No. with page of illustrations. etc. digesters for paper mills. i C-Eureka end of rotary etc. cupolas. hoods. The table on the following page shows the shapes and brands made. Munro heating furnaces. rolling mills. PA. boiler settings.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. general mill work.

PITTSBURGH. .HARBISON..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA.

. STA NDARD SHAPES OTHER SHAPES MADE TO ORDER 9-INCH STRAIGHT 9x4^ x2 /4" l LARGE 9-INCH 9x6^x2^* SMALL 9-INCH 9x3^ x2^" SOAP 9 X 2^ X 2^" CHECKER 9 X 2% X 2%" NO. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 72 4' 1 ARCH Brick to the Circle Inside Diameter 9x 8 4^ x 2K x 2/ " .

. 2 SPLIT 9 x 4}4 x 2" FEATHER-EDGE 9 x 2 4K x W/ x %' . 2 2' ARCH 42 Brick to the Circle Inside Diameter 9x4^x2^x1%" NO. 1 SPLIT 9x4^x1^* NO.HARBISON. PITTSBURGH. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. STANDARD SHAPES NO. 3 18 6" ARCH Brick to the Circle Inside Diameter 9x4^x2^x1" BUNG ARCH 9 x 4^ x 2^ x 2K" No.

Brick to the Circle 4' 6" Inside. 3 56 3' WEDGE Outside Diam. 4' NO.INCH No. 9x4^x2^x1%" NO.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.. 2 4' WEDGE 63 Brick to the Circle Inside. Outside Diam. 63 Brick to the Circle Inside. PA. 9x6^x2^x1%" LARGE 2' 6" 9. 2 2' 6" WEDGE Outside Diam. STA NDARD SHAPES No. KEY WEDGE . 102 5' 1 WEDGE Outside Diam. 5' 1 WEDGE 102 Brick to the Circle Inside. Brick to the Circle 6' 6" Inside. PITTSBURGH. 9x4^x3x2" LARGE 9-INCH No. 6' 6" Outside Diam.

2 65 6' KEY Brick to the Circle 7' 6" Inside.. 3 41 3' KEY Brick to the Circle 4' 6" Inside. Outside Diam. NO. 1 KEY Outside Diam. PITTSBURGH. PA. 112 Brick to the Circle 13' 6* 9x4% x4x2%" No. 3' Outside Diam. Inside. 1 JAMB 9x4^x2%* . 4 KEY 26 Brick to the Circle r 6" Inside.HARBISON. NO. STA NDARD SHAPES NO. 9x4% x3%x2%" NO. Outside Diam.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

3 9 EDGE SKEW 2^ x 2^" x 4^ x 80 . 2 SIDE SKEW 9 x 4^ x 2^ x 1%" NO. 9 1 END SKEW 2 Q% x V/ x x 2^" NO. PITTSBURGH. 3 NECK NO.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 9 1 NECK y% x 4^ x 3^ x 2^ x NO. STAN DARD SHAPES No. PA.. 2 NECK NO.

33* Outside Diam. 32 Brick to the Circle 84" Inside. 1 OR 33-INCH CIRCLE BRICK Brick to the Circle Inside. PITTSBURGH. 9 x 6/g x 6 x 3" 9 x 6/u x 6 x 4" NO. 93" Outside 9x8^x4^x2^" NO. 2 OR 45-INCH CIRCLE BRICK 36" Brick to the Circle Inside.HARBISON. 9x7^x4^x2^" NO. 48" Outside Diam. STAN DARD SHAPES No. 12 24" No. 5 OR 84-INCH CIRCLE BRICK Diam. 42" Outside Diam. 3 18 OR 51-INCH CIRCLE BRICK 42" Brick to the Circle Inside.. 14 NO. 9 x 6?4 x 6 x 3" 9 x 62 x 6 x 4" . 2 17 36" CUPOLA BRICK Brick to the Circle Inside. 45" Outside Diam. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 51" Outside Diam. 15 30" 1 CUPOLA BRICK Brick to the Circle Inside.

PITTSBURGH.HARBISON. STAN DARD SHAPES NO. 3 CUPOLA BRICK 21 Brick to the Circle 48" Inside 60" Outside Diameter 9x7^x6x3" 9x7T35 x6x4" NO.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. 4 CUPOLA BRICK 25 Brick to the Circle 60" 72" Inside Outside Diameter 9 x 7^ x 6 x 3" 9x7^x6x4" STOCK HOLE TILE 18x9x4" BRIDGE BLOCK 13x6^x3" ..

104-A SPECIAL ARCH Used in Malleable Furnaces 5' 3" Inside Diam. 3 in Malleable 13 x 4^ x x 2%" NO. 103 A Used 5' 3" SPECIAL ARCH Furnaces Inside Diam.. 102 A Used in SPECIAL COVER Malleable Furnaces 12^x11^x4^x3" NO.HARBISON. 12& x 11% x 4^ x 3 x 2W POTTERY KILN TILE STRAIGHT FLATBACK 9 x 6 x 2^" FLATBACK ARCH 9x6x3^x2^' 2' 6" Inside Diam.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. . PITTSBURGH. 101 A SPECIAL COVER Used in Malleable Furnaces 13x4^x3" NO. STAN DARD SHAPES NO.

WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 12 4' 2 2' WEDGE x 6 x3x Inside Diameter 12-INCH NO. 2 KEY 12 10' x 6 x 5 x 3' Inside Diameter See 2^-lnch series. 1 WEDGE SOAP x 9 x 3 x 2%' Inside Diameter 12X3 INCH NO. PA. 22' 1 KEY 12x6x5^x3" Inside Diameter 12-INCH NO. STANDARD S H A P E S -S I L I CA OTHER SHAPES MADE TO ORDER 3-INCH SERIES 12X3X3 INCH SOAP 12X3 INCH 12 10' No. PITTSBURGH. 2 WEDGE SOAP 12x9x3x2" 4' Inside Diameter 12X3 INCH NO..HARBISON. pages 35 and 36 34 . 10' 1 WEDGE 12x6x3x2^" Inside Diameter 12X3 INCH NO.

12 x 6 x 2{| x W 1 WEDGE 24 7 Inside State whether Diameter or 3-inch series is 2^ desired .HARBISON.. PA. STANDARD S H A P ES -S I L I CA 3-INCH SERIES-CONTINUED 12X6X3 INCH STRAIGHT 12X9X3 INCH SOAP 2^-INCH SERIES 13K-INCH BINDER BRICK 13'2-INCH STRAIGHT 13^x6x2^" 12X6X2K INCH STRAIGHT 12X2K INCH NO. PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

2 WEDGE SOAP 12 12' x 2K x 2^* Inside Diameter x 9 12-INCH NO. PITTSBURGH. 12 5' x 6 Outside Diam. 2 ARCH 75 Brick to the Circle 4' Inside. 5' 1 ARCH 75 Brick to the Circle Inside. 1 WEDGE SOAP 12 24' x 9 x 2H x 2%" Inside Diameter 12x2^ INCH NO. 2 12' WEDGE Inside Diameter 12x6x2^x2^" 12x9x2 ! INCH SOAP 12x2^ INCH No. 12X2K INCH NO. PA. STANDARD S H A P E S -S I L I CA 2^-IIMCH SERIES-CONT.. 12x6x3x2^" 12-INCH NO. 6' Outside Diam. x 2^ x 2" See 3-inch series.HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. pages 34 and 35 36 .

PA. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON. HEXAGON STOVE SHAPES 12X13 INCH 9" HEXAGON Diameter Flue 12x7^x9" 6X13 INCH HEXAGON For Breaking Joints 6x7^x9* 6X13 INCH HEXAGON For Finishing Top 6x7^x9" Typical of many shapes made shapes for special stoves shown with cuts of stoves. See pages 62 to 75 inclusive 37 ..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

. 6' 2 KEY 65 Brick to the Circle Inside Diameter 9 x 4^ x 3% x 2^" . 112 1 KEY Brick to the Circle 12' Inside Diameter 9 x 4^ x 4 x 2K" 9-INCH NO. 2 KEY 90 Brick to the Circle 12' Inside Diameter 13K-INCH No. PITTSBURGH. PA. 4 KEY 52 Brick to the Circle 6' Inside Diameter 9-INCH STRAIGHT 9 x 4^ x 2^" 9-INCH No. BLAST FURNACE LINING BRICK STAN DARD SHAPES 13K-INCH STRAIGHT 13^ x 6 x 2^' 1354-INCH No.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON.

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 4 and 3' 4' 5' For For For 5' Inside Diameter 13^ x9x3K x 2^" 18^ x 9 x 3^ x 2|" 13^ x 9 x 3^ x 2i|" 13KX9 INCH STRAIGHT For enlarging above circles 13^x9x3^" 9X9 INCH ARCH For 3. PA. PITTSBURGH. BLAST FURNACE LINING BRICK STANDARD SHAPES 9X6 INCH KEY For 12' Circle 85 Brick to the Circle 9x6x5^x2^" 9X6 INCH STRAIGHT For enlarging above circles 9x6x2^" BLAST FURNACE ARCH BRICK FOR GAS FLUES 13^X9 INCH ARCH For 3. 4 and 5' Inside Diameter For 3' 9x9x3^x2^" For 4' 9 x 9 x 3^ x 2|i" For 5' 9 x 9 x 3^ x 2U" 9X9 INCH STRAIGHT For enlarging above circles 9x9x3^" ..

COKE OVEN SHAPES H.-W. 42 23 x 21 x 10 x 13 x 14" .HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. CROWN BRICK 9x4^ x 4/e x 2^ x 2^" H.-W. LINER BRICK 9 x 4^ x 4 x 2^" BOTTOM 12 TILE 3" NO. PA.. 14 x 12 x also 12x12x4" TRUNNEL HEAD NO.

66 x 10 OR 14" 12-PIECE x 21 TRUNNEL x 13 x 12-Piece Section 10 x 3% x 5J| and 8^ x 5 TV RING Either in 4 Sections or 1 Piece 12" 24 x 8 with hole See pages 76 to 91 inclusive for coke oven plans 41 .. COKE OVEN SHAPES DOOR BLOCK 5x4x4" CROWN SOAP 9x 2^ x 2^ x 2% x 2 3y SHAPE 23 NO. PA.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH.

SIEMENS STEEL FURNACE BLOCKS IN WOODLAND BRAND AND SILICA See pages 100 to 104 inclusive for plans of crucible furnaces 42 . PITTSBURGH.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA..

SIEMENS STEEL FURNACE BLOCKS IN WOODLAND BRAND AND SILICA SIEMENS STEEL FURNACE COVER BRICK MADE IN FIRE CLAY ONLY BEVEL COVER 12 x4x 3K x 3" SQUARE COVER 12 x 4 x 3' ARCH COVER 12 x 4 x 3 x 2^" SPECIAL COVER 12 x 4^ x 3 x 2^" NO.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON. PA. 2 8 x 4y x 2% x 2 : 43 .. PITTSBURGH-.

REGENERATOR TILE AND BRICK The following sizes are kept in stock : 16x6x3 18x6x3 20x6x3 21x6x3 22x6x3 24x6x3 made 24x9x3 26x9x3 to order.HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. PITTSBURGH. All other sizes REGENERATOR OR CHECKER BRICK ..

90 Brick to the Circle 90" Outside Diameter 31 H-W SPECIAL ALUMINOUS ALUSIL 9 x 9 x 7& x 4" . 84 Brick to the Circle 84" Outside Diameter 30 H-W SPECIAL ALUMINOUS ALUSIL 9 x 9 x 7^ x 4* NO.HARBISON. 78 28 Brick to the Circle 78" H-W Outside Diameter SPECIAL ALUMINOUS ALUSIL 9 x 9 x 6}| x 4" NO. PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. 72 26 Brick to the Circle 72" Outside Diameter H-W SPECIAL ALUMINOUS ALUSIL 9 x 9 x 6^ x 4" NO. 66 23 Brick to the Circle 66* H-W Outside Diameter SPECIAL ALUMINOUS ALUSIL 9 x 9 x 6 r9 s x 4" NO. SHAPES FOR ROTARY KILNS 9-INCH ROTARY KILN BLOCKS NO..

Special Aluminous x 6 x 7i x 12" 84" NO. SHAPES FOR ROTARY KILNS No.-W.. Special Aluminous 12x6x103* x!2" 84" NO.-W.-W. Special Aluminous x 6 x 7! S x 4" NO. Special Aluminous x 6 x 7K x 4" NO. 13 72" Outside Diameter 25 to a Circle Alusil 9 H.^W. a Circle Alusil 9 H. 16 Outside Diameter 80 to a Circle 9 H. 15 Outside Diameter 22 to a Circle Alusil H. PITTSBURGH. Special Aluminous Alusil x 9 x 6^ x 12" 84" NO. 14 84" Outside Diameter 30 to.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON. PA. 12 60" Outside Diameter 21 to a Circle Alusil 9 3 H.-W.-W. Special Aluminous x 9 x 9 r7B x 12" 46 . 17 Outside Diameter 22 to a Circle Alusil 12 H.

19 DISCHARGE END BLOCK 84' Outside Diameter 29 to a Circle Alusil H. 22 CEMENT 8' 0" KILN SHAPE Inside Diameter 76 to a Circle 12x6x4^x4" Any shapes desired will be made to order . PITTSBURGH. PA. 18 FEED END BLOCK 72" Outside Diameter 25 to a Circle C..-W. Special Aluminous NO. 21 CEMENT 5' 4" KILN SHAPE 51 to Inside Diameter a Circle 12 x 4 x \y x 4" 2 NO.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. SHAPES FOR ROTARY KILNS NO. Tyrone Eureka 12 x 12 x 6 x 1 x O^ x 5" No. 20 CEMENT 32" KILN SHAPE Inside Diameter 29 to a Circle 12 x 4 x 4^ x 3^" NO. C.

PA. and where a large quantity are needed can get them out in the best possible shape and at a reasonable cost. We are well equipped for doing such work.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. melting and heating furnaces and recuperators.. 48 . where a high grade of brick is required. RECUPERATOR FLUE BRICK Shapes similar to the above cut are largely used in various kinds of gas.

. PA. PITTSBURGH. SHAPES FOR CONVERTER BOTTOMS above several shapes for converter bottoms.. other shapes will be made to illustrate We order.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. We furnish locomotive tile to many of the largest and most important railway systems in the country.. 50 . TYPICAL LOCOMOTIVE FIRE BRICK All types of locomotive tile made to order. having a total mileage of more than forty thousand miles. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON.

.. 8K x 4% x 3% x 2K" shapes THE purposes all shown for will generally answer which chrome brick are required. 2 WEDGE.-W. 2 KEY. Co. 8^x4^x2^x1%" No. R.-W. NO. 2 8^ x 4^ x 3% x 2y NO. R. STANDARD SIZE H. PITTSBURGH. 1 WEDGE.-W. R. STANDARD SIZE H. CHROME SHAPES STRAIGHT. PA.-W. R. Co. STANDARD SIZE H. STANDARD SIZE H. R.-W. Co. STANDARD SIZE " H. Co. Co. v : m No.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 1 KEY. OTHER SHAPEvS WILL BE MADE TO ORDER.

STANDARD SIZE 75 Brick to the Circle Inside Diameter H. sy x 4^x2% x \y: 4 52 .. Co. MAGNESIA SHAPES STRAIGHT. PA.-W. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON. Co.-W. NO. Co. R. STANDARD SIZE H. R. 54 STANDARD SIZE Brick to the Circle 7" V Inside Diameter H.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. R. 1 WEDGE. R. Co. NO. STANDARD SIZE H. 1 ARCH. R.-W. STANDARD SIZE x %" H. 8% x 4% x 2% NO.-W. 3 ARCH. 2 ARCH. H' 10" Sy x 4# x 2% x 2" 4 NO.-W. Co.

2 KEY. 2 WEDGE. 1 KEY. SOAP. Co. 11' 3" STANDARD SIZE 110 Brick to the Circle Inside Diameter H.. STANDARD SIZE 57 Brick to the Circle 2' Inside Diameter H. 8^ x 4% x 1&" NO. NO. Co. PA. SPLIT. Co. R.-W. STANDARD SIZE H. STANDARD SIZE H. R.-W. R.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Other shapes made to order .-W. R. Co.-W. Co. R. PITTSBURGH. STANDARD SIZE H.-W. MAGNESIA SHAPES NO.

many linings have been supplied wall. Our linings have been used under every imaginable condition. in all types of furnaces. We have been as successful in meeting the peculiar conditions under which many of these furnaces are operated as in the large modern furnaces in the Pittsburgh district run- ning entirely on Bessemer iron. which create conditions that are very hard on furnace linings. ings for the last thirty-eight years. with magnetite." " are " now branded or it INWALL " TOP.." This is done to make certain that the brick will be put into that part of the furnace for which they were made. limonite. anthracite and charcoal. In addition to the name of the brand. PITTSBURGH. PA. WE have been making blast furnace lin- and with all classes of ore and fuel. BLAST FURNACE LININGS and have made more than 90 per cent.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. of all the linings used in the United States. In addition to furnishing hundreds of linings for large modern furnaces running on lake ores and Connellsville coke. to smaller furnaces burdened ores. brown zincy. all of our blast furnace brick "HEARTH & BOSH. under hundreds of different managers. . corn- manganese and zinc residuum and fuels such as high sulphur coke.

pressure.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. true to shape and and made under heavy of All brands are made Pennsylvania clays The Portsmouth Harbison-Walker brands are 18x9x4}^ inches. inches. with closed tops. with the result that the records of tonnage made with our linings are not approached by the linings of any of our competitors.HARBISON. close in bond. Modern blast furnace practice.. form.eight that can be manufactured. makes it more essential than ever before to use only the best blast furnace brick For thirty. In order to get uniformly satisfactory reabout a furnace. PITTSBURGH. "PIPE BENEZET " and brick are "PIPE WOODLAND" made es- pecially for this purpose and give good results. skip hoist. BOTTOM BLOCKS THE blocks cuts on page 61 show the bottom blocks used at the present time. All are rectangular. 18x12x8 . The cut on page 60 shows p-inch and 13^ -inch brick as laid in a furnace wall. PA. revolving tops and high-pressure blast. it is of great importance that the brick used for lining downcomers and flues be able to resist the cutting action of strong blasts charged with ore dust and cutting sults particles of coke. this branch of our business has received years special attention. Some of these records are shown on pages 56 to 59 inclusive.

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

JONES & LAUGHLIN STEEL CO. ELIZA FU RN ACE NO. 4
The irregular
lines

shown on

this

page and page 59 are an exact reproduction
of the lines of the

Jones & Laughlin
Steel

Company's
4,

Eliza Furnace No.

after a run of 1,202,056
tons.

On

account of

remodeling the works, the furnace had to be
dismantled,

but

the

condition of the lining

was such as

to indi-

cate that the tonnage

might have been
doubled, had
it

not

been necessary to dismantle the furnace
for reasons indepen-

dent of the condition
of the lining.

58

PA.023. No. and at the present time is still on. without patching.107 tons of pig iron without any repairs. made 931. shows the good results BENEZET brick are giving at Jones & Laughlin's Eliza Furnaces.163 tons. ELIZA FU RNACE NO. since which time she has made 78. but no repairing above the mantel.. in connection with the remarkable run on No. 1 Furnace of Jones & Laughlin on last run. A new bosh was then put in her. . No. PITTSBURGH. 3 Furnace on run made 1.026 tons of pig iron.HARBISON. and is still running. 4. JONES & LAUGHLIN STEEL CO.056 tons. This. 4. 4 The irregular lines on this page and page 58 are an exact reproduction of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company's Eliza Furnace No.202. and has since produced 99.398 tons of pig iron. 2 Furnace on last run made 733. last No.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. after a run of 1.163 tons of pig iron. She was then patched for 10 feet above the mantel.

PA. PITTSBURGH. MODERN BLAST FURNACE ONE COURSE OF FOUR 13^ BRICK E COUR! ONE S'BRTCK AND FOUR 13}*" BRICK 60 ..HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

.-J Above cuts show method in of setting blocks and breaking joints construction of furnace hearth.. See page 55 for description of blocks and page 135 for required for different diameters.J. PITTSBURGH. PA..J. number .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.l' ^ IJ.HARBISON..n I L_4i' LJ_4J.fi^^L|i. FURNACE BOTTOM BLOCKS ^i-.j' lJ.Li' l.L.

The essential qualities in blast furnace stove brick are. qualities can only be obtained These by making the vitrify- brick of high grade cient heat to ing. BLAST FURNACE STOVE BRICK BLAST in importance the reason that furnace stove brick are only second to the furnace lining. for it is out for repairs as to shut not as costly to cut a stove down a furnace for a to the new lining. though different. capacity to absorb heat readily from the combustion of waste furnace gases. the difficulties to contend with in making a good stove brick are equal. the weight carried and the long continued heat are apt to cause a gradual fusing. PITTSBURGH. readiness to give off this heat rapidly to the air that is blown into the stove. to those met with in making a good lining..HARBISON. unless high grade clay with a . although stove brick are not subjected to the intense heat of the melting zone of the blast furnace. and strength of bond between the particles of fire clay to resist the disintegrating action of the hot gases.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. but. fire clay that will stand suffi- bond thoroughly without In service. owing heavy burden carried and the disintegrating tendency of hot gases constantly varying in temperature.

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

liberal

margin of refractoriness
Glazed or

is

used in mak-

ing the brick.

vitrified brick will

neither absorb nor give off heat as rapidly as

porous or non-vitrified material.

If

brick are

made

of sufficiently refractory clay,

but not

well bonded, or

made by any

modification of

the dry process, and are not well burned, they
are apt to disintegrate.

Through
quirements,

lack of attention to the above re-

we have been

called

upon several
Records and

times to replace stove linings in less than one

year from date of construction.

non- vitrified bats from old stove linings show that our stove lining brick are perfectly adapted
to the service required.

In connection with illustrations of typical
stoves in use, a cut of the special shape used in

each of several types

is

shown

;

these,

and

all

similar shapes for stoves, are
clay,

made from good

burned

at a

high temperature in order

to enable the brick to resist the disintegrating

action of the hot gases.

For cuts of stoves
64 to 75 inclusive.

in general use, see

pages

63

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES

Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

JULIAN KENNEDY STOVE
Julian Kennedy, Pittsburgh, Pa., Engineer

ELEV. TOP OF PLATFORI

iECTION

THROUGH GAS BURNER AND HOT BLAST VALVE

64

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

JULIAN KENNEDY STOVE
Julian Kennedy, Pittsburgh, Pa., Engineer
.

65

Pa. PITTSBURGH.. Engineers SECTIONAL ELEVATION 66 . W. McCLURE PATENT STOVE G..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Pittsburgh.. Son & Co. PA. McClure.HARBISON.

.HARBISON.. Pa. McCLURE PATENT STOVE G. Son & Co.. PITTSBURGH. PA. McClure.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Engineers Section Through 'A B Section Through C D . W. Pittsburgh.

C.. Engineers .HARBISON... PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. Pa. Roberts PLATFORM LEVEL & Co. ROBERTS PATENT STOVE F. Philadelphia.

. PITTSBURGH. PA. ROBERTS PATENT STOVE F.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Philadelphia. C... Engineers HALF SECTION ON G-H Checker Brick . Roberts & Co. Pa.

Lamond & Son.. Pittsburgh. Ferguson Block. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON.. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Engineers 70 . Pa. FOOTE PATENT STOVE D.

.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Pa. Engineers Checker Brick . Lamond & Son. Pittsburgh. PITTSBURGH. Ferguson Block. FOOTE STOVE D.. PA.

W.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Pittsburgh. -PA. Pa. COLD BLAST .. HOT BLAST STOVE J.HARBISON. Calder. PITTSBURGH.

. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON. HOT BLAST STOVE J. Pittsburgh. Calder. Pa. CLEAN-OUT DOOR CLEAN-OUT DOOI NLET SECTION B-B CLEAN-OUT D( NOTE: MADE OF 9"* 13^'eRICK 73 .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. W.

Patented Feb. PITTSBURGH. WHITE & KERNAN HOT BLAST STOVE F.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 21. 783. PA. White.. No. L.234 74 . 1905.

WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. L. No.234 . PA. 783.. White. 21. Patented Feb.HARBISON. WHITE & KERNAN HOT BLAST STOVE F. 1905.

of silica excellent results recently obtained from the use brick in the severe service of by-product and from the old beehive ovens in the Connellsregion and other districts. 76 . of late the tendency has been to use the highest grade COKE The brick. have clearly demonstrated that our silica brick are the most economical that can be used in this work. also manufacture which is utilized. silica or fire clay. we can supply brick most suitable for such ovens." a lime bond being widely used with the best of results in flues leading from beehive ovens to stacks and also to boilers where waste heat from the ovens is We silica brick of clay brick.. of fire clay. See cut for standard coke oven on page 77. making in all a more thorough construction physically than can be obtained by the use their to hold the "XX Silica.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. ville extreme refractory qualities are especially adapted crown rigid and true to shape through varying temperatures. PITTSBURGH. due entirely to the increased length of service obtained by their use. Having furnished all the brick that have been made for ovens of this type. Where formerly any cheap clay brick were deemed good enough for the purpose. and in addition to ovens. as The Longitudinal or Belgian type of coke oven has been coming into favor recently. PA. See pages 80 to 91 inclusive for description of byproduct coke ovens. Our " H-W Crown " lime bond silica brick are made for the crowns of beehive ovens. COKE OVEN BRICK oven construction has changed radically in recent years. The fronts and floor tile are made Trunnel heads are made of either may be desired. Longitudinal oven is shown on pages 78 and 79.

. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. STANDARD COKE OVEN CROSS SECTION . PA.

LONG OR BELGIAN OVEN 78 .HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.. PA. PITTSBURGH.

PITTSBURGH. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co..HARBISON. SECTIONAL VIEW OF LONG OR BELGIAN COKE OVEN .

Only BEEHIVE The Oven Coke was striking increase made until about 1893.000 tons. At this date about 36. when it was approximately 262.500. PITTSBURGH. and in 1906. of which is made in BY-PRODUCT Ovens.000. in the production of BY-PRODUCT Coke is shown by comparing the production in 1897. of the entire requirements of high grade refractories used in the construction of BY-PRODUCT Ovens in the first United States and Canada. The fact that we have furnished over 85 per cent. and possess at this time more detailed and specific information and records than all of our competitors combined. then with first was COKE great rapidity as the production of iron increased. PA.000 tons are manufactured annually.. increasing slowly for a few years.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. expensive.000 tons. When we series of went into this business we con- ducted along. We have furnished approximately 85 per cent. approximately 15 per cent. of the entire requirements of Brick 80 . and carefully planned experiments to determine the proper mixes and methods of manufacturing and burning the various shapes used in BY-PRODUCT Coke Oven construction. BY-PRODUCT COKE OVENS manufactured on a small scale in the United States about 1850. when it was over 4.

Silica Brick are better conductors of heat than Fire Clay Brick. either foreign or imported. have a slight. known expansion and Quartzite. PITTSBURGH. and we have no hesitation in recommending the use ite of Silica Brick as a superior material to QuartzBrick for those portions of the Oven where was preSilica Brick and shapes viously employed. make an extremely durable Oven. Illustrations of the various BY-PRODUCT Ovens now in use in the United States shown on the following pages.. uniform. and permitting a greater initial heat in the coking chamber. gas-tight joints In recent construction Silica Brick has supplanted Quartzite Brick. PA. The use of Silica built when Brick in BY-PRODUCT construction increases the coking capacity of the Oven by decreasing the time required for coking the coal by reason of the greater conductivity of Silica Brick over Fire Clay or Quartzite Brick.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. In the Plants mix constructed a special was used in the flues and other portions of the Oven where were required.HARBISON. used in the construction of BY-PRODUCT conclusive proof of the quality of our material and the confidence that owners of is Ovens BY-PRODUCT Quartzite Plants have in first it. with the proper allowance for expansion joints. are .

PITTSBURGH. PA.. 11 .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON.

.HARBISON. n. PA. PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. i f i i n.n. New York .n il i i i i ! n in I iriiiriiifiirniTTTi-I BY-PRODUCT COKE OVEN UNITED OTTO SYSTEM Patented United Coke and Gas Company 17 Battery Place.

PA. O o LU LU CO . co z LU o LU O o O Z g io UJ * H CO CO "* O Q..HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH.

PA.. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON. SEMET-SOLVAY CO. TYPICAL SECTIONS OF COKE OVENS VERTICAL CROSS SECTION or rnr % 1 ( UNIVERSITY or 85 / .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

PITTSBURGH.HARBISON..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. ROTHBERG BY-PRODUCT COKE OVEN Tf^AV-GAS CHARGING HOLES\ MAIN COKE CHAMBER n n n n n n n n g o ii n n n n n n n n SECTIONAL ELEVATION THROUGH COKE CHAMBER PI FRONT ELEVATION CROSS SECTION SECTION OF WALL SHOWING TONGUE AND GROOVE .

PITTSBURGH.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.. ROTHBERG & ERNST BY-PRODUCT COKE OVEN SECTION THROUGH WALL FRONT ELEVATION CROSS SECTION 87 . PA.

PA. KOPPERS' REGENERATOR COKE OVEN SEPARATE REGENERATORS FOR EACH OVEN I O T.HARBISON.. \- Z g io .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH.

HARBISON..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. KOPPERS' REGENERATOR COKE OVEN SEPARATE REGENERATORS FOR EACH OVEN o IE O t- o jcrfrEQf HZ^fa>L ~1 ifllY~ y 1 J3MS|||S __/X ""**. O . PA."* B M: r^^BMti^ o C.

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. PITTSBURGH. HI O UJ > * O O UJ O Q _l UJ I co 90 ..

WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON. PITTSBURGH. SHELDON PATENT COKE OVEN II 2 2 !! i I/ x ..< | . PA.

and thorough inspection and selection of the finished product.. sidewalls and stacks. We have secured and all maintained our position against tors competi- by using carefully selected high grade clays. PA." "WIGTON STEEL." "MALLEABLE" and "HIGH GRADE" brands are known and used wherever Furnaces. care and knowledge in the manufacture of brick. Our WOODLAND. PITTSBURGH." "CLEARFIELD. or are brick costs so high per ton of output. there are Malleable The cut on page 93 shows one type of Malleable Furnace.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. as in no other type of furnace do brick have to be renewed so frequently. MALLEABLE FURNACES r ~pHE * question of fire brick is of the utmost importance to managers and owners of Malleable Furnace plants.HARBISON. of the high grade brick used in malleable furnace bungs. We supply over 75 per cent. . We 44 have customers who have bought from us for from fifteen to thirty-three years." "MUNRO.

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES CO.HARBISON. PA..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. MALLEABLE FURNACE .

HARBISON. PITTSBURGH. SECTION OF TYPICAL CUPOLA .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.. PA.

. PA. MODERN OPEN HEARTH FURNACE 43' 0"X16' 9" BED 95 . PITTSBURGH.HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. PITTSBURGH.. FOUR-HOLE SOAKING PIT FURNACE 96 .

.HARBISON. PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. SKETCH OF SOAKING PIT SHOWING USE OF CHROME BRICK TOP OF SOAKING PIT 97 .

HARBISON. TYPICAL COAL-FIRED HEATING FURNACE SHOWING BRANDS OF BRICK USED 98 . PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA..

HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH.. PA. GAS HEATING FURNACE 78788 99 .

and on pages 42 and 43 will be found cuts of each special shape indicated in this drawing. PITTSBURGH. and " We ' ' STAR SILICA" WOODLAND 100 . showing the shapes of brick commonly used in building it. Pieces 30 4 B 18 C 20 6 2 12 3 2 4 2 5 2 6 9-inch straights. carry the above shapes in " brands.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. Our "STAR SILICA" holds an enviable reputation as the best brick in the country ON melting furnaces. OF SHAPES REQUIRED FOR ONE 6-POT FURNACE No. 800 A AA . and held 90 per cent.. . Where Used and 2d courses in wall Over port openings 1st . LIST Shape No. "WOODLAND" brand is still used by some companies who prefer clay brick to silica brick in crucible steel melting fur- naces.. . merits. until the "STAR SILICA" gradually replaced it. SIEMENS CRUCIBLE STEEL MELTING FURNACE page 1 01 is a cut of this furnace. 3d course in wall 4th course in wall Between piers Pier brick On On On tops of piers tops of piers tops of piers Customers should always order any g-inch straights needed with these shapes. The "WOODbrick secured the greater part of this trade when it was first introduced.HARBISON. of it for 25 years on its for steel LAND " fire ... all of which we keep in stock.

WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA..HARBISON. 101 . PITTSBURGH. PLAN OF SIEMENS STEEL FURNACE.

.. 9-inch 6 pieces 12 each 2 4 4 4 800 Customers should always order extra as many p-inch as required. All of the walls having a straight. built with horizontal joints. fore used in having the side walls. .. PA. the side walls are not inclined to pitch into the furnace. 34 No. thus doing away with the arched side walls. or walls over the ports. as with the old style of shapes. The advantages are. solid bearing. . thus avoiding the opening or shattering The shapes of the walls by unequal settling.. 3 Nos.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 35 . No. the settling will be uniform throughout the furnace. OUR PLAN OF SHAPES FOR SIEMENS CRUCIBLE STEEL MELTING FURNACE will be found a system of above furnace designed by shapes The plan differs from any heretoourselves. of simple pattern. 2 No. IT REQUIRES THE FOLLOWING SHAPES TO BUILD ONE SIX-POT HOLE . a mason can build a being furnace with these shapes in less time than is required with others. PITTSBURGH.. 33 No. all the shapes extend back to the breast wall. that having all joints ON page 103 for or courses of brick horizontal. 7 to 32 inclusive No. thus making a tight joint the full height of the furnace and preventing the gas from working up between the breast wall and the furnace wall.. 102 .

WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON.. OUR PLAN OF SHAPES FOR SIEMENS CRUCIBLE STEEL MELTING FURNACE 103 . PA. PITTSBURGH.

F" 104 . PITTSBURGH. PA.HARBISON. SECTION OF TYPICAL DOUBLE PUDDLING FURNACE a- ..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

SETTLERS.. ETC. Canada and Mexico have used large quantities of our "STAR" and "REESE" silica brick. magnesia also brick and shapes for bottoms. COPPER REVERBERATORIES. settlers. 12. 105 . Co. especially adapted for roofs of and sidewalls and chrome reverberatories . side . walls and bridge walls of reverberatories shapes for converters and tuyere blocks. PA." "WIGTON" brick and other brands of R. our "WOODLAND. including We make all highest grade fire-clay brick for purposes. is A page cut of copper converter shown on 107. We and 1 manufacture silica brick in 9. Practically all of the copper companies in the United States. fire-clay and "H." magnesia and chrome brick. PITTSBURGH. because of the severe conditions prevailing in such furnaces.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 15 8-inch sizes.-W. CONVERTERS. THE use of the highest grade refractory material is imperative in furnaces smelt- ing and refining copper. cut of a reverberatory furnace A is shown on page 106.HARBISON.

PITTSBURGH..HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA. REVERBERATORY FURNACE FOR COPPER SMELTING 106 .

PA.. COPPER CONVERTER 107 .HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH.

PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. TYPICAL LIME KILN 108 .. PA.HARBISON.

HARBISON.. PITTSBURGH. CROSS SECTION OF TYPICAL PRODUCER GAS GLASS TANK 109 .WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA.

WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH.HARBISON. PA. ..

The different types of boilers and the different fuels in use require varied properties in the brick used in different sections of the brickwork. Cahall. such as possible. it is important that the workmanship and material be such that interruptions in the steam supply occur as seldom large units of the modern boiler. Rust. Numerous changes have been made in boiler settings at our suggestion. in others. The as the & Wilcox. Babcock setting. shown on pages 111 . PITTSBURGH. upon the ability to resist the action of clinker and poker. Different types of boiler settings are 112 to 121 inclusive. upon resistance to the impinging action of flame and spawling while in others. PA. marked improvement the boiler plants. Maxim and other types. we will have our engineering department get out blueprints and counts. require the best possible grade of brick in the Sterling. BOILER SETTINGS make a special feature of manufacturing brick for boiler settings.. In boiler setting. together with heat-resisting WE . qualities. especially in the arches. These changes were followed with in the steam records of Whenever called upon to do so. showing the number and most suitable brick required for different sections of the furnace walls for any type of boiler.HARBISON. Heine.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. particularly with regard to the kind of brick used at critical points. in some cases the best brick to use depends entirely upon the heat-resisting quality. Wickes.

HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. TYPICAL RETURN TUBULAR BOILER LONGITUDINAL SECTIONAL ELEVATION 112 . PITTSBURGH. PA..

PITTSBURGH. PA..HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. TYPICAL RETURN TUBULAR BOILER SECTION THROUGH FURNACE THF f UNIVfcRSITY V Of 113 .

.HARBISON.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PITTSBURGH. PA. ATLAS HORIZONTAL WATER TUBE BOILER 114 .

PA. PITTSBURGH.. BABCOCK & WILCOX WATER TUBE BOILER 115 .HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.

PITTSBURGH. PA.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. CAHALL VERTICAL WATER TUBE BOILER 116 ..

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

STERLING WATER TUBE BOILER

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

HEINE HORIZONTAL WATER TUBE BOILER

118

HARBISON- WALKER REFRACTORIES Co., PITTSBURGH, PA.

MAXIM WATER TUBE BOILER

119

PA. PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. THE RUST WATER TUBE BOILER SECTION THROUGH BOILER 120 .HARBISON..

PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.. WICKES VERTICAL WATER TUBE SAFETY STEAM BOILER .HARBISON. PITTSBURGH.

WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Setting Shapes of which is has effected a decrease in the time of carbonizing. This Silica) " H. carburetors and checkers. We are now making Sectional Retorts and THE is W. PA. RICON" (our Special High so high in heat resisting qualities that the only limit to rapidity of operation is the heat at which the gas would disintegrate or decompose. the limit of endurance of refractory materials used has been the controlling factor in limiting the output per unit of capacity. making a durable . W. fixers.. RICON. PITTSBURGH. COAL GAS BENCHES AND WATER GAS PLANTS question of the quality of refractory materials becoming one of increasing importance to managers of Gas Plants. In the past. Our material has been found to be particularly suitable for all pur- In addition to "H. due to shrinkage 44 H." mentioned we also manufacture poses in Coal Gas Benches and Regenerators and in Water Gas Plants. above. thus increasing the number of charges in a given time and consequently showing an actual increase in production Sectional retorts per retort of from 40 to 50 per cent. W. have previously been unsatisfactory. retort which is permanently gas fire tight. RICON" expands with heat. SECTION OF RETORT 122 .HARBISON. clay shapes for use in regenerators.

HARBISON.. Pa.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Co. 123 . STANDARD RETORT GAS HOUSE Riter-Conley Mfg. PA. Pittsburgh.. PITTSBURGH.

.HARBISON. To obtain the best results from brickwork. PITTSBURGH. 124 . From 250 to 350 pounds of fire clay or silica cement are enough to lay up one thousand brick. use the following : figures 1 1 1 1 square foot 4^-inch wall requires 7 brick square foot 9-inch wall requires 14 brick square foot 13^-inch wall requires 21 brick cubic foot brick brick work requires 17 nine-inch straight cubic foot fire clay brick work weighs 150 pounds cubic foot silica brick work weighs 130 pounds 1. and silica cement for silica brick. especially in cold weather. Bear chrome and magnesia brick expand under high temperin Warm atures.000 brick (closely stacked) occupy 56 cubic feet 1. For estimating on fire brick work.000 brick. Sudden variations of temperature cause silica brick All to spawl. observe the following precautions Use good fire clay equal in refractoriness to the brick : itself. mind that fire clay brick contract.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. and also reduce their refractoriness. will greatly injure any brick. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT FIRE BRICK ALL FIRE BRICK SHOULD BE KEPT IN A DRY PLACE Moisture. furnaces in which silica brick are used should therefore be heated up and cooled down slowly and uniformly. and silica.000 brick (loosely stacked) occupy 72 cubic feet For estimating on red brick work. figure on nine cubic feet of sand and three bushels of lime for laying 1 1 1. Fine ground fire clay should be used for laying up fire clay brick. Apply very to thin with dipped joints and brick rubbed make a brick to brick joint. up slowly to expel moisture. PA.

PA.HARBISON..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. . PITTSBURGH.

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.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. TABLE OF SILICA 12-INCH WEDGE BRICK 3-INCH SERIES Inside Diameter . PA.HARBISON. PITTSBURGH.

WALKER REFRACTORIES Ca. . PITTSBURGH. PA.HARBISON.

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PA. COMPARISON OF CENTIGRADE AND FAHRENHEIT THERMOMETERS CONTINUED Centi- grade .. PITTSBURGH.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON.

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PITTSBURGH. PA.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. . CIRCUMFERENCES AND AREAS OF CIRCLES CONTINUED Diam..HARBISON.

PA..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co.HARBISON. . PITTSBURGH.

cast Iron... dressed METALS Aluminum Brass. cast Copper.. fine Rubble. PA. irregular lumps MASONRY Granite or limestone Mortar. soft. dense mud GLASS Common window Plate. rubble Dry '. GRAIN Magnesite as shipped CEMENT Portland Hydraulic CORK COAL AND COKE Anthracite Bituminous Charcoal Coke CONCRETE Cement. dry. large rocks Stone. loose lumps Quick. Flint Floor or skylight GRAIN Corn Oats Wheat LIME Quick. loose mud Loam.. PITTSBURGH.. fine Stone. cast Bronze Copper.WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. loose Loam. coarse EARTH Loam. Sandstone. packed Loam. .HARBISON. wrought 153 . rolled or wire Iron. WEIGHT OF VARIOUS MATERIALS Material BRICK Common Fire clay Silica red Chrome Magnesia as brick or fused in furnace.

WEIGHT OF VARIOUS MATERIALS CONTINUED Material Per Cu.4 59. rolled Steel. live Oak. cast Zinc. yellow southern Spruce 76 35 25 53 114 35 to 53 49 59 50 25 45 25 35 Walnut 154 .7 62. Pounds METALS Continued Lead. American SAND Dry and loose Dry and packed Gravel packed Wet and packed 100 110 130 118 WATER Water as ice Water at 32 degrees Fahrenheit Water at 212 degrees Fahrenheit WOODS. coarse Salt. Ebony Elm Hemlock Hickory Ironwood Mahogany Maple Oak. cast 490 495 459 438 55 48 55 43 145 165 143 144 57 165 45 49 162 175 OILS Engine Crude Petroleum Gasoline ROCK Chalk Granite Gypsum Quartz Sandstone Pumice stone Salt. American Chestnut 58. white Pine. white Pine. fine Shales Slate. rolled 708 711 Tin. DRY Apple Beech Birch Cedar. cast Steel.6 48 43 45 35 41 . PA. cast Lead.HARBISON. PITTSBURGH..WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. Average Ft. yellow northern Pine.

PITTSBURGH.. .HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. PA.

silica.. 39 61 39 32 45.. . 36 Glass tank shapes. 26-31 38. bottom blocks Blast furnace. 4 STANDARD SHAPES. gas flue arch Bridge blocks . 5. 12-inch. . 41. 34. 101.. .. list of standard shapes MAGNESIA AND CHROME WORKS Magnesite and chrome ore Magnesia brick Magnesia brick. Converter bottom blocks Cupola blocks 31. . stock hole s . list of of standard shapes and brands standard shapes and brands . 44.. 6 7 8 9 EAST CHICAGO WORKS ANNOUNCEMENT W-Star silica.. INDEX GENERAL INTRODUCTION Page 3. list of standard shapes 19 156 . 9-inch and 13^-inch shapes Blast furnace. PRODUCTS.. 2>-inch series 49 32 50 35.14 11 Chrome Chrome Chrome ore brick brick. 35 Hot blast stoves.. 3-inch series . . 53 33 33 Recuperator flue tile Siemens crucible furnace Tile. 48 42. 77. PITTSBURGH. ILLUSTRATIONS OF 9-lNCH SERIES FIRE CLAY AND SILICA . 47 51 40. . .. 12-inch and 13^ -inch. hexagon shapes Hot blast stoves Magnesia shapes Malleable furnace shapes Pottery kiln shapes 37 62-75 52. 43. Engine tile Glass tank shapes. .. regenerator Tile.. list of standard shapes 13 14 18 CLEARFIELD FIRE BRICK WORKS Fire clay. list 10-14 11 12 of standard shapes . PA... Cement kiln shapes Chrome shapes Coke oven shapes . . 79 . Blast furnace. 78.'. list Silica. BRANDS AND SHAPES HARBISON-WALKER COMPANY Fire clay. 46. 103 44 32 HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES COMPANY'S WORKS. silica.HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co..

.37. . . ILLUSTRATIONS OF AND INFORMATION ON BLAST FURNACES 9-inch and 13^-inch Bottom blocks Records Cut of furnace 88. . . . . . . 25 PHILIPSBURG FIRE BRICK list WORKS . Fire clay.. . 41 Bee-hive oven..20 . . . . 62-75 37 -.. . . ._. 122. . . . . .. . . . . . 80-91 78. ^ . . 106 .. 98 . .. 4> . 105. 92. . 2^ . . ... list of standard shapes . '. . ... ..123 . 61 56-59 60 . . .. Silica. . . GAS FIRED . . . .. 64-75 111-121 76-91 BOILER BRICK . .110 . : r " . . .93 . . 39. . list . . . . .-. . .. REESE CLAY AND SILICA BRICK WORKS list 21 of standard shapes . . . 22 . of standard shapes .WALKER WORKS Fire clay. Fire clay. . . 107 COPPER SMELTING. v. PRODUCER GAS GAS RETORT . . . .-'' -. . cuts of various Long or Belgian oven. . . .. .. cut of Bi-product ovens. 95 157 . -. . . 38. . HEATING FURNACE. . . CEMENT KILN. PITTSBURGH. . . LIME KILN . .'. cut of '-"/' . .-... 54-61 lining brick . . .. I ND EX CONTI N UED Page CLINTON COUNTY FIRE BRICK WORKS Fire clay. . 94 109 ' . . STANDARD ROTARY COPPER CONVERTER .15 16.. REVERBERATORY FURNACE CUPOLA GLASS TANK.. list of standard shapes . 99 108 . . COAL FIRED HEATING FURNACE. . . . .. .. ?? . . .39 55. .. . PA. ... : . .. . . . ..<MALLEABLE FURNACE OPEN HEARTH FURNACE. . . 23 VARIOUS FURNACES. . COKE OVEN BRICK Standard shapes . 17 of standard shapes and brands . .. .HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. . .' 20 PORTSMOUTH HARBISON. HOT BLAST STOVES Hexagon shapes Cuts of stoves in general use .. 79 .

. 137 VARIOUS TABLES Circle brick.. . circumference and area of Decimals of an inch for each ^jth . . 155 141 . Key. bottom blocks Blast furnace. 9-inch Blast furnace. fusing point of Temperatures. . .. 104 100. 101 102. . OUR PLAN SOAKING PIT TABLES AND MISCELLANEOUS DATA GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT FIRE BRICK BRICK TABLES Arch. 128. .HARBISON-WALKER REFRACTORIES Co. 129 . 136 . 9-inch 2}X-inch series silica. 97 SIEMENS CRUCIBLE FURNACE. 138 . 131... 9-inch Key. Seger cones. 12-inch. PA. melting point of various materials Temperatures. 125 . 126 135 134 . gas flue arch Circle. 140 man u. 152 147-151 . 12-inch. . PITTSBURGH.. INDEX CONTINUED Page PUDDLING FURNACE SIEMENS CRUCIBLE FURNACE .. 132 . facture 140 Weights of various materials 153.. . 9-inch Cupola blocks Key. 3-inch series silica. . 139 .. . table for determining by color Temperatures. centigrade and Fahrenheit Temperatures. iron and steel in various stages of . 134 188 127. . Wedge. . 9 x 6-inch . . . 154 . .. Wedge. table for determining length of chord Circles. 124 125-138 . Wedge. 13^-inch 130. 103 96. 142-146 .

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CIS* LD 21-50m-l. SEP 6 1933 LIBRARY USE MAY Z* 1348 fttC.THIS BOOK IS DUE ON THE LAST DATE STAMPED BELOW AN INITIAL FINE OF 25 CENTS WILL BE ASSESSED FOR FAILURE TO RETURN THIS BOOK ON THE DATE DUE. THE PENALTY WILL INCREASE TO SO CENTS ON THE FOURTH DAY AND TO $1.'3l .OO ON THE SEVENTH DAY OVERDUE.