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Summary………………………………………………………………………………….…2

Objective……………………………………………………………………………….…….2

Data, Observations and Results……………………………………………………………2

Discussions…………………………………………………………………………………..4

Conclusion……………….………………………………………………………………….6

References………………………………………………………………..…………………6

Appendices

1

Ibrahim. Ibrahim were strictly followed. This equipment is used to see the pattern of the water flow rate. Q = = =0. Before opening the pipe flow we checked all the safety precaution and the experiment is done one by one by my group members and me. Data. H1. Observations and Results Table 1 Sample calculation Flow rate. diameter and viscosity. We handle the equipment with care to avoid any damage. It is important to study how to use the Reynolds number to calculate the flow pattern and also the Reynolds numbers can be used to calculate other properties such as density. Objective To investigate the relationship of flow condition and fluid velocity.00000385 mᵌ/s 2 . H215/215A TecQuiment Hydraulic Bench. The experiment was conducted in UNITEN lab with my lab mates and was supervised by my lab instructor Mr. We must understand that Reynolds number is a ratio of inertia to viscous effect of a flow.Summary The name of the equipment used for this experiment is TecQuipment Reynolds Number and Transitional Flow Apparatus. velocity. The procedure and rules which has been taught by Mr. This equipment can help us to find pattern of flow rate and also can help us to calculate the flow rate of the water.

(5) = =1797.13×10^ (-4) m² (B) Graph 1: kinematics viscosity graph With the above graph the kinematics viscosity is = 0.The area is = =1.34(transition flow) 3 .9×10^ (-6) m²/s The equation use to find Re number is from equation 5 which is: ………….

000015 0.00001 0.000005 0 0 1000 2000 Re 3000 4000 flow rate.Flow rate versus Reynolds Number 0.000025 0.Q first reading second reading (B) Graph 2: flow rate versus Re Discussion 4 .00002 0.00003 0.

The experiment should be set up perfectly to get accurate data. we did the experiment two times to get accurate result. For turbulent flow the dye streak almost immediately becomes blurred and spreads across the entire pipe in a random fashion. We have to identify the flow correctly to avoid major error on classifying the flow pattern.44. a streak line is created when dye is injected in the flow. For transition flow. The Reynolds number for laminar flow is <2000 whereas for transition flow 2000 < Re <2500. For turbulent flow the first reading from graph is 2933.but our transition didn’t achieve the theoretical value due to some parallax errors .44.34 but for the same laminar reading we got 698.There are 3 types of flow condition. For laminar flow the first reading we got was 453. transition Re was 1797. 5 . with only slight blurring due to molecular diffusion of the dye into the surrounding water. In the graph it shows that the second reading is higher than the first reading. For the first time. Time is an important factor because it is used to calculate flow rate of water.66 and turbulent Re was 3493. The most important precautions are our observation must be correct when looking at the dye.34. the laminar Re number that we got was 453. First laminar Re was 698.34. The flow must be constant and should not be high for the first time. The second reading was perfect and all three reading achieve the theoretical value.34 and turbulent flow was 2933.66. transition and turbulent.34 whereas for second reading is 2106. Transition value for first reading according to graph 1 is 1797. Laminar. Net we conduct again our experiment and we got three different reading. Based on our result that we got conducting the experiment. whereas for second reading is 3493. Laminar flow.66. the dye streak fluctuates in time and space. Laminar and turbulent flow have achieve the theoretical value . For turbulent flow is Reynolds number is > 2500. Reynolds number is the ration of the inertia to viscous effect of a flow. The water flow in must be equal with the flow going out through discharge pipe. The line remains as a well-defined line as it flows along. The time should be measured accurately because minor error in time will affect the flow rate calculation.34. and intermittent burst or irregular behaviour appears along the streak.66 for the second reading. transition Re was 2106.

So in this experiment we tested upon the flow pattern and velocity.MUNSON 2010. 6th Ed. What we learn from this is that there is another flow called transition flow which is in between laminar and turbulent flow. If the viscosity of the fluids increases than Reynolds number will decrease. References MUHAMAD IBRAHIM BIN MAHMOD 2012. it was I straight line but the line was not long like laminar flow it started to blur. If the velocity increases the flow the Reynolds number increases. MEHB221 THERMOFLUIDS LAB MANUAL BRUCE R. FUNDAMENTAL OF FLUIDS MECHANICS. Whereas when the flow is fasten the dye immediately goes away from view which we conclude it to be turbulent flow. If we look at the equation Reynolds number is which says that the Re is directly proportion with the density. We found that when the flow is low the dye show us a straight line which we conclude it as a laminar flow. The flow is in medium speed and we can see the changes of the dye. velocity and diameter of the pipe. If the flow is in medium speed the flow is known to be transition flow.Conclusion In this experiment the main objectives was to investigate the relationship of flow condition and fluids velocity. John Wiley & Sons Appendices 6 . In conclusion we know that when the velocity increase the flow is called turbulent and when the velocity is decrease the condition of the water becomes laminar flow.

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