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Krystle Mattox


1. Supreme Courts power to nullify legislative acts that violate the Constitution is known as Judicial Review. (Lecture) 2. It takes a two-thirds majority vote of each house of Congress and three-fourths of the states to pass a Constitutional Amendment. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 3. The case of Marbury v. Madison was used to establish the Supreme Courts power of judicial review. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 4. The supremacy clause states that when state laws conflict with the Constitution or national laws, the national laws and Constitution take precedence. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 5. Who wrote the Federalist Papers? Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 6. If both the President and Vice President die, who becomes President? The Speaker of the House. (Previous knowledge) 7. According to the Constitution, what is the census used for? The census is used to determine the number of seats awarded to each state for Congress. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 8. How many senators must vote to invoke cloture? Sixty votes. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 9. What is cloture? Cloture ends a debate on a bill. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 10. What happens if the president refuses to sign a bill while Congress is not in session? It is considered a pocket veto and the bill is killed. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 11. Which Constitutional Amendment allows for the Vice President to temporarily take over for the president in time of illness? The Twenty-fifth Amendment. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 12. Can laws take affect without the president signing them? Explain. A law can take affect without the president's signature if the Congress gets a two-thirds majority vote in both chambers. (Book: American Government & Politics Today)

13. Which president(s) has/have been impeached? Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 14. Which presidents lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote? George W. Bush, Rutherford B. Hayes, and Benjamin Harrison. (Website: 15. What is the maximum of time a president may serve? The president may not serve more than two elected terms, which is eight years. If the president succeeded to office after the halfway point then they may serve for more than eight years, but not to exceed ten years. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 16. Which presidents were assassinated? Who assassinated them? Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. (Previous Knowledge) William McKinley was assassinated by Leon F. Czolgosz. (Website: Library of Congress) John F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. (Previous Knowledge) James A Garfield was assassinated by Charles Guiteau. (Website: 17. How many amendments to the constitution have been ratified? There have been 27 amendments to the constitution that have been ratified. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 18. What are your inalienable rights? Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 19. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? The separation of powers divides the governmental powers among three different branches of government to prevent one branch from becoming too powerful. The system of checks and balances enable each branch of the government to check the actions of the others. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 20. What are two Cabinet-level positions? The vice president and the chair of the Council of Economic Advisers. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 21. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. What are the four amendments with a brief explanation of each. The 15th Amendment made it to where no one could be denied of vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote. The 24th Amendment prohibited tax payment as a qualification to vote in federal elections. The 26th Amendment prohibited the minimum voting age to be above eighteen in any election. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 22. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy? Two ways

Krystle Mattox people can participate in democracy is vote and join a political party. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 23. What is the Patriot Act? The USA Patriot Act is an act that was established to prevent future terrorist attacks on The United States. It lifted interagency barriers to allow cooperation between the FBI and the CIA. It also eased restrictions for the government to investigate and arrest suspected terrorists. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 24. Briefly describe the major difference between a political party and an interest group. A political party is a group of activists who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine political policies. An interest group is an organization of individuals that share common objectives and who actively attempt to influence policymakers. (Book: American Government & Politics Today) 25. What is a PAC? It is a committee set up by and representing a corporation, labor union, or special interest group to raise funds for candidates. (Book: American Government & Politics Today)