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The Harmonization in the Accounting world, specifically the transition to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) has been a major controversial topic talked about in the accounting world for the last few years. More recently it has been stressed on whether it can or will be occurring by the 2014 deadline. 113 countries around the world have already adopted IFRS. These countries either require IFRS or are beginning use and allow IFRS in their company. (Backgrounder) The United States is not yet in this group of countries. Although, there are actions being taken to have the United States using IFRS by the year 2014.
International Financial Reporting Standards is not going to be an easy task to accomplish by 2014. The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) has began to realize the amount of money and time that is actually going to have to go into changing the standards of how the entire United States companies are completing their financial statements. They believe that they can help make the transition smoother and easier on the United States companies. They claim they are going to further educate AICPA members, as well, as help accounting educators, textbook authors, related majors, colleges and universities on all aspects of IFRS. They also say they are going to make sure that the voice of United States Certified Public Accountants (CPA) are heard internationally and are not going to be overlooked. They also are going to start to include questions on the Uniform CPA Exam about IFRS. The AICPA are definitely going out of their way to try and help this transition go a lot more smooth and sufficient but at the same time realizing the cost. (Backgrounder) This is just how one organization is going to help but there are many more costs coming out of this adoption from Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (GAAP) to IFRS. The hardest part is it is going to be the actual work of switching over the financial information to a completely different form. This is where a lot of the time and money from companies are going to go. The man-hours that it is going to take is a lot just in it self. This goes from small companies to large companies. That leads to the training and schooling to teach the workers, managers and anyone else that takes place in completing financial statements. These companies are going to have to learn how to adapt to these new standards. This takes a lot of time, both in training and then in applying that training. That means that there is going to have to be extra auditors and analysts around to check and make sure everything is being done correctly.
With the completion of the adoption of IFRS. as we know it. This universal standard will help investors and companies compare the other companies' financial statements and understand them so they can invest or gain other knowledge for their own purpose. FASB and the SEC will continue to work towards coming up with a solution in eliminating the differences between U. Also. GAAP and IFRS and the Harmonization of the Accounting world. (SEC) 2014 is coming quickly and seems that the United States has a lot to work on if IFRS and the harmonization of the Accounting world is going to be in affect by then. If they follow the SEC road map to IFRS I personally think that we have a decent shot at adopting the IFRS standards into United States business market. This is going to take a lot of organization and time from the government. Which this will help world resources be better managed by everyone because they will able to follow the same rules and regulations. organizations and companies if they want this goal to succeed. IFRS sounds like it is going to help the Unites States in many great ways for the future of business but it's the Americans that I am not sure if they are willing or ready to take on such a task but hopefully the IASB. the education on this topic is going to have to be introduced very soon to everyone it effects and the one's it will effect in the future. with the United States included. . When this global Accounting Standard develops and is in operation it will change the businessfinancial world. There is too much talking and speculating about this big transition to IFRS but not enough is actually being done to make sure that it is going to work. This also protects the investor so they know what they are looking into and can make more valuable decisions when doing business. will have one standard for all companies around the world. the global market.(Adopting) This Adoption of IFRS or Harmonization of Accounting Standards does have its costs but what it will do to help the United States companies and investors makes this transition worth the work. This now goes to show how the market around the world is going global.S. (Harmonization) Investors from the United States will now have international investment opportunities and can benefit from comparing non-united States companies from United States companies with IFRS.
as well as many obstacles to overcome for success. Internationally adopted accounting standards would increase this ability to compare similar industries and make investment decisions less risky through greater intelligence. Due to the many conflicting codes and practices that exist between various national financial accounting standards throughout the world. discuss various obstacles associated with the creation and implementation of these standards. because they would not have to invest resources creating and regulating national accounting standard-setting agencies. and provide possible solutions to overcome these obstacles. (Diaconu 2007) Because there is no standard international code for financial reporting around the world. One of the main tools used in financial analysis is the comparability of financial information for similar businesses in competition. (Marion and Cengage 2001) Ads by Google . The world economy could benefit through increasingly educated investment decisions which would lead to overall global economic growth. A standardization of international accounting information would facilitate easier interpretation for financial experts all around the world seeking to invest internationally.As the trend for globalization in business becomes increasingly important for economic success. businesses must abide by the financial reporting requirements of the stock exchange it wishes to sell securities through. Stock exchanges around the world could profit from a harmonization of accounting standards. In order to be listed on credible stock exchanges. initiative has been taken to create a harmonization of accounting standards between nations. This process of reconciling financial information for conformity with different accounting systems can be expensive. and investors. Another potential benefit from the harmonization of international accounting standards would be the reduced costs associated with multi-national corporations who must reconcile their accounting information for multiple accounting standards. (Diaconu 2007) Countries with scarce resources could also take advantage of international accounting standards. This increased ability to interpret information could potentially result in an overall increase in educated global investment. As a result of the massive increase in international business and the difficulty of reporting accurate universal financial information. international business becomes harder to analyze as information is not easily comparable between competitive industries. and also make information misleading. Harmonization of accounting standards between nations is a very important current issue which has many possible benefits or consequences. as more companies begin to adopt the international standard. governments. As the amount of listings grows on the stock exchanges so will the volume of securities transactions. This paper will examine potential advantages and disadvantages of a harmonized international accounting standard. There are many potential advantages associated with harmonization of accounting standards. many issues arise through international business practices for corporations. many multi-national corporations are forced to reconcile their financial information to conform to multiple financial reporting standards. they will become eligible for listing. Accounting information can be interpreted by experts to reduce the risk of investment.
Many believe that U.S. Many companies in the European Union submit to International Accounting Standards.S.Although there are many promising advantages of harmonization. Another disadvantage of harmonization is the vast amount of disparity that exists between different countries accounting practices. Countries may view compliance with international accounting standards as a threat to their nationalism and view compliance as submission to the will of other countries. as well as many obstacles restricting implementation. These substantial changes would lead to many expenses for businesses in countries conforming to a new international standard. accounting standards are overly complicated. but there are many critics of the FASB standards used in the U. and some countries such as the U. use both professional organizations and the government to set accounting standards. (Diaconu 2007) I have outlined some of the advantages and disadvantages that could possibly arise from implementing a harmonized international accounting standard. whereas others are regulated strictly by the government. Another common criticism of harmonization is the argument that an international accounting standard will not be flexible enough to deal with all the dilemmas faced by nations with differing problems and circumstances. National accounting standards can be modified as situations change.S. The abundant differences in accounting practices world-wide would surely lead to substantial changes for any country who adopted the international standard. there are also many potential disadvantages. One possible disadvantage of harmonization can be seen through the role culture plays in developing national accounting standards. and many other corporations reconcile financial . is the largest economy in the world and could be an easy answer to this question. A major condemnation of harmonization comes from underdeveloped countries who view harmonization as an obligation placed on them by countries with superior economies. (Diaconu 2007) There are many potential advantages and disadvantages of international harmonization of accounting standards. Some countries use professional organizations to set accounting standards. Another barrier of harmonization is the argument that capital markets have already adjusted to international business without a set standard. Now I will examine some of the barriers that prevent harmonization from proceeding.S. Many believe harmonization is not necessary and present systems are working well enough. Many countries have different accounting methods which are regulated in different degrees by their government. The differences seen in the accounting standard-setting bodies of the world give rise to the question: Who will write and regulate the international standard of accounting? The U. and policies can be implemented without consent of all the nations involved in an international accounting system.
transparent. In the global arena. reach. . because of the social. and size of multinational corporations. complete harmonization of accounting principles will probably never be realized.S. There are too many variables to account for and too many groups of people in political power with too much to lose. The most important driving force in the development of international accounting standards is the International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC). legal. GAAP. but in the end. However. is the largest economy in the world many international companies adopt U. Stock exchanges benefit from the growth in the listings and volume of securities transactions. as well as the number of foreign securities listings on the stock exchanges.S. Harmonization strives to increase comparability between accounting principles by setting limits on the alternatives allowed for similar transactions. (Weber 1992) International Accounting Standards Print PDF Cite Share Comparable. economic. As more companies favor one method over the other that method will eventually become the international standard. and cultural differences among countries.S. Investors and analysts benefit from enhanced comparability of financial statements. The international standards also benefit developing or other countries that do not have a national standard-setting body or do not want to spend scarce resources to undertake the full process of preparing accounting standards.S. GAAP and reconcile any other financial statements to meet the GAAP requirements. an independent private-sector body formed in 1973. the need for comparable standards of financial reporting has become paramount because of the dramatic growth in the number.information to provide IFRS financial statements as well as U. foreign direct investments. Harmonization differs from standardization in that the latter allows no room for alternatives even in cases where economic realities differ. must always conform to U. GAAP financial statement to increase ability to trade with the U. The credibility of financial reports becomes questionable if similar transactions are accounted for differently in different countries. Multinational corporations benefit from not having to prepare different reports for different countries in which they operate. The international accounting standards resulting from harmonization efforts create important benefits. the accounting standards and practices in different countries vary widely. The broad objective of the IASC is to further harmonization of accounting practices through the formulation of accounting standards and to promote their worldwide acceptance. and reliable financial information is fundamental for the smooth functioning of capital markets. harmonization of accounting standards is advocated. Companies in the U. Because the U. cross-border purchases and sales of securities.S. One possible solution to the problem of setting international accounting standards would be to provide a choice between the two most popular systems: the American GAAP or the European IAS/IFRS. To improve the comparability of financial statements.S. (Diaconu 2007) There are many possible solutions to implement harmonization.
For example. However. has signed a declaration supporting IASs as the national accounting standards in all its member countries. and the revised standards are a significant improvement over the earlier ones. IASC standards are not mandatory. The Trustees will appoint the board members. intangible assets. such as inventories. It is expected that the new structure would come into effect on January 1. is responsible for establishing accounting and disclosure standards. . earnings per share. the acceptability of IASs has been on the rise.One hundred and forty-three professional accounting organizations in one hundred and four countries are IASC members. It has also issued a Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements that sets forth the concepts underlying the preparation and presentation of financial statements for external users. interim financial reporting. income taxes. business combinations. impairment of assets. Some European countries are developing legislation to allow not only foreign but also domestic companies to use IASs in their consolidated financial statements. IASs are not an acceptable basis for financial statements filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). investments. a new structure for IASC was approved unanimously by its membership. International Accounting Standards initially tended to be too broad. presently consisting of sixteen member organizations. The IASC has issued forty International Accounting Standards (IASs) to date covering a range of topics. the Trustees and the Board. The final standard requires approval by at least twelve member organizations. the Arab Society of Certified Accountants. In the United States as of mid-2000. Many countries endorse IASs as their own standards with or without modifications. with an increasing number of companies stating that they prepare financial reports in accordance with IASs. The board follows due process in setting accounting standards. This was a serious weakness in achieving the objective of comparability. Although the SEC has expressed support for the IASC's objective of developing accounting standards for financial statements used in cross-border offering. and many stock exchanges accept IASs for cross-border listing purposes. and financial instruments. The IASC Board. depreciation. thus allowing for a great deal of consultation and discussion and ensuring that all interested parties can express their views at several points in the standard-setting process. whereas the board will have sole responsibility for setting accounting standards. To gain acceptability of its standards. Under the new structure. employee benefits. An important part of this effort was its work plan to produce a comprehensive core set of high-quality Standards (Core Standards project). it has also stated that such standards must be comprehensive. comprising twenty-two Arab nations. allowing many alternative accounting treatments to accommodate country differences. The IASC has completed its Core Standards project. IASC will be established as an independent organization that will have two main bodies. segment reporting. On May 24. exercise oversight and raise the funds needed. in 1989 the IASC undertook a project (called the Comparability Project) aimed at enhancing comparability of financial statements by reducing the alternative treatments. research and development costs. 2001. leases. 2000.
S. The International Federation of Accountants is a worldwide association formed in 1977 to develop the accounting profession. The IFAC Council also appoints country representatives on the IASC Board (thirteen in total). the OECD issued "Principles of Corporate Governance" that support the development of high-quality. capital markets more accessible to non-U. "International Standards of Accounting and Reporting for Transnational Corporations. OECD. Many other organizations also play an important role in the march toward international accounting standards. capital. and reduce differences in the requirements to qualify as a professional accountant in its member countries. Its Working Group on Accounting Standards supports efforts by regional. and be subject to rigorous interpretation and application. and international bodies promoting accounting harmonization. harmonize its auditing practices. minimum rules (which may be strengthened by individual governments). UN. as of mid-2000 is considering the endorsement of IASs for cross-border capital raising and listing purposes in all global markets.S. each country is free to choose the form and method of implementation and also to add or delete options. To promote the cross-country economic integration. including environmental disclosures. an organization comprised of securities regulators from more than eighty countries. Its Group of Experts prepared a four-part report in 1976. Several organizations within the United Nations have been involved in international accounting standards. Directives are mandatory in that each member country has the obligation to incorporate them into its respective national law. EU. the powerful regional alliance of fifteen nations. The SEC is under increasing pressure to make U. More recently. Internationally. the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO). In 1998. It currently has a membership of one hundred and forty-three national professional organizations in one hundred and four countries representing more than 2 million accountants. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development formed in 1960 currently has twenty-nine of the world's developed. A valuable contribution of the OECD is its surveys of accounting practices in member countries and its assessment of the diversity or conformity of such practices. The European Union. However. .possess high quality. internationally recognized standards that can serve to improve the comparability of information between countries. IFAC. Among the more important are those discussed below. The IFAC issues International Standards on Auditing (ISA) aimed at harmonizing auditing practices globally. national. Directives incorporate uniform rules (to be implemented exactly in all member states). and goods among member countries." The report listed financial and nonfinancial items that should be disclosed by multinational corporations to host governments. Its Commission (European Commission) establishes standardization and harmonization of corporate and accounting rules through the issuance of Directives. it has worked to promote the harmonization of accounting standards by discussing and supporting best practices in a variety of areas. aims to bring about a common market that allows free mobility of people. and alternative rules (which members can choose from). industrialized countries as its members. the EU has made significant progress in the harmonization of laws and regulations. issuers.
Community of Sovereign States. Some regional organizationsuch as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). There are projects under way to analyze the similarities and differences between financial reporting and accounting standards of the member countries of NAFTA. valuation methods. and the United States. Profit in Real Time ! www. Why International Accounting Standards Should Be Harmonized Posted: Apr 07.508 | Ads by Google DreamTable.Google. Given the large variety of alternatives for consolidation permitted in member countries prior to its issuance. The North American Free Trade Agreement was formed in 1993 among Canada. and Nordic Federation of Accountants (NFA)ave made efforts toward harmonizing accounting and disclosure standards. the United Kingdom. The likely endorsement by the IOSCO and SEC will make that time sooner rather than later.sohoos. The Seventh Directive. including accountants. it is becoming increasingly clear that the question is not whether but when the Inter national Accounting Standards will be required and followed by business and other entities worldwide. and disclosure of information. has also started playing an important role in the harmonization of international accounting standards. The process of harmonizing international accounting standards has come a long way on a path that has been far from smooth. Confederation of Asian and Pacific Accountants (CAPA). covers financial statements. Baltic Council. Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO). The Fourth Directive. requires worldwide consolidated financial statements regardless of the location of the parent company. It is also investigating the possibility of requiring all member states to require listed companies to report under IASs. adopted in 1978. Other organizations. Canada. Mexico.com/Chrome . their contents. among the three countries.com Forex Trading India Learn How to Trade in the Forex Market. www. 2010 |Comments: 0 | Views: 1.XForex.dreamtable. G4 group of standard-setting bodies in Australia. method of presentation. LLC Business Development Results Bring your technology to market.com Download Google Chrome Searching is fast and easy with Google's web browser. NAFTA. www. www.com Small Business Management Get your free and friendly business management solution for free. Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). The European Commission announced in 1995 its decision to rely heavily on IASC to produce results that meet the needs of capital markets. adopted in 1983. and the United States to create a common market.The Fourth and Seventh Directives deal exclusively with accounting issues. the Seventh Directive is regarded as a major development toward harmonization. It will phase out duties on most goods and services and promote free movement of professionals. While some critics still doubt the need and feasibility of such standards.
The United Kingdom.U companies have been required to base their financial reports according to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Hong Kong.The world economy and international accounting would greatly benefit from having harmonized accounting standards that can be used by all countries. and the United Kingdom.S stock exchanges because they are not using the same practices as the United States is most of the time. It can be very tricky when non-domestic companies are listed in U. Historically there have been four main accounting standards models in the industrialized world. and Israel have also taken steps to start harmonizing their accounting standards to that of the IRFS. If all countries followed the same accounting policies it would create a global "fairness". By harmonizing accounting standards it will help facilitate international transactions and minimize exchange costs. standardize information to world-wide economic policy-makers. Canada. Continental Europe. They are the United States. Many other countries not in the E. this takes up both time and financial resources of the company. All E. is leading the development of an accounting policy for securities regulator's reporting requirements. as well as for managers making international based financial decisions. improve financial markets information. The International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO). Between countries where free trade is not present harmonized standards will allow nation's tariffs and quotas to be more accurate as well as less risky for those involved in the trading. and Latin American standards. the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) has taken strides in achieving even more harmonization and convergence of accounting standards. It is hard to compare the financial information of companies from different countries if they are not required to follow the same set of standards and rules in their accounting practices. which the United States' SEC is a member of. Auditors and regulators would be receiving and looking at the same information when evaluating companies. In 2002 the Norwalk Agreement formalized the IASB and FASB's . and help to improve government accountability.U such as New Zealand. In some cases companies are required to prepare financial statements under several different accounting practices. Recently. Ads by Google Harmonization must first start out with standardizing the reporting requirements for financial statements by national securities regulators. By having harmonized standards it makes international investment decisions less risky. IOSCO has built in a policy which limits the amount of reporting alternatives a company can use when reporting its results of operating expenses and net worth. Australia. The International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) started to achieve convergence in 1973 with the United States.
which was the first international standards-setting body.com/India Free Inventory Management Get your free and friendly business management solution for free.com Online Investing Earn Maximum Interest with Forex. The FASB and the IASB have been working together toward convergence since 2002.S model is not the ideal model and it has been argued that the Internal Revenue Service's standards are very complicated.S must recognize international standards and start to abide by them. For the entire world to have harmonized accounting standards the U. 2011 |Comments: 0 | Ads by Google Make Huge income at Home Sign Up to XForex ™ And Learn How To Increase Your Monthly Income. the idea of harmonization was replaced by the notion of convergence and the International Accounting Standards Committee was formed in 1973.com International Convergence of Accounting Standards The concept of convergence first surfaced in the late 1950s in response to World War II economic integration showing that the idea of International Convergence of Accounting Standards is not new. the convergence focused on the principles used in major capital markets around the world.xforex. www. Under the framework there are two underlying assumptions. revenue recognition. They are working jointly on trying to develop common standards in areas of business such as applying the acquisition method. The Financial Accounting Standards Board believes that the ultimate goal of convergence is a single set of . By harmonizing standards with the rest of the world developing countries with high inflation rates may be able to cut down on poor accounting practices. By the 1990s. A long term project has also been put in place to make conceptual framework for accounting standards with significant improvements in it.4xp.S does not have a strong enough standards system to attract foreign firms and countries to its framework without adopting some international standards first International Convergence of Accounting Standards Posted: Nov 16.TPjobs. Significant steps have been taken since the agreement. they are accrual basis accounting and the "going concern" principle. liability extinguishment. www. At first. Governments' accounting financial reporting standards also need to be harmonized throughout the world to assist with harmonizing all companies.commitment to start converging accounting standards. The International Monetary Fund has assisted in this effort by giving aid to governments. Many authors argue that the U. www. Lesser developed countries are also trying to promote accounting standards harmonization by establishing regional accounting associations as well as teaching accounting education programs. FASB and IASB meet on a regular basis. The Jobsite for TP Professionals.sohoos. The U. By having developing countries adopt international accounting standards as well it will help reduce the expense of creating domestic accounting standards. and leasing.com Transfer Pricing Jobs Transfer Pricing Jobs from TPjobs. Invest Now & Receive 10% Cash-Back www.
which reflected the completion of MoU projects. fair value measurement. They have completed the five projects.high-quality. On June 4. on the convergence efforts of the two-standard-setting bodies. The FASB is developing proposals to align US GAAP with IFRS and that project is still in process.S. international accounting standards that companies would use for financial reporting. FASB and IASB have a number of common projects and have agreed to a plan for future alignment of their technical agendas. The plan gave priority to the major Memorandum of Understanding projects for which they believe the need for improvement of IFRS and GAAP is most urgent. After their meeting in April 2011. and consolidated financial statements. non-monetary assets. The chairman explained the goal of their convergence efforts and the progress made to date. and the consolidation of investment companies. and fair value option. The meeting began with the FASB chairman. the collaborative efforts of the FASB and IASB is used to both improve U. The IASB and FASB have taken the following actions since their report last November. Ads by Google As far as the Revenue recognition goes. inventory accounting. GAAP vs IFRS . joint arrangements. GAAP and IFRS to eliminate the differences between the two. In November 2009. revenue recognition. a joint statement showed the IASB and the FASB reaffirmed a commitment to improving IFRS and US GAAP in achieving convergence. The FAF met with the members of the International Accounting Standards Committee Foundation for the first time in New York City. The projects include joint projects on financial instruments. the principle of the IASB and FASB published a joint discussion paper that proposed a single revenue recognition model that was built on the notion that an entity should recognize revenue. which causes them to rely on US GAAP for specific guidance. Currently. 2004. The article from the FASB report explains how their respective strategies for reaching their common convergence goal and the obstacles they face together in meeting that goal. publication of standards that are converged or substantially converged on fair value measurement. accounting changes. the boards are providing this report on the progress of their joint convergence work. Most of the short-term projects have been completed such as share-based payments. Bob Herz. The US GAAP has a wide range of requirements while the IASB has very general requirements.
www. www.com Free Inventory Management Get your free and friendly business management solution for free. Reg.xforex. It is key that financial reporting includes many items. Order Now! www. There are three key players in the making of the US standards of GAAP. Ads by Google .Posted: Nov 17. accountants follow the standard known as Generally Accepted Accounting principals (GAAP). One of the biggest issues facing business and the accounting world today is the issue of standards and the difference in standards among trading countries.Dell. At the time of the creation of the SEC there had been no prior group issuing standards.com MBA . There are many differences among the alternatives but in the end harmonizing all standards around the world would make business run smoothly and beneficial to all.Shiksha. Other countries follow their own standards as well.Distance Education Top Distance Learning MBA Colleges. www. Weygandt. We can now conduct business with companies all over the world without having to leave the office. GAAP has been along way in the making as it includes countless of documents that have been being developed for decades (Kieso. Warfield 13). Some believe that GAAP was developed in such a way that those who created it would benefit most from its rules. Globalization of businesses has greatly expanded the grasp of capabilities companies can now work within. Many accountants hope that all companies around the world including the US switch over to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).sohoos. Their main goal is to develop and standardize financial information presented to stockholders (Kieso. The SEC does not work alone. 2010 |Comments: 0 | Ads by Google Make Huge income at Home Sign Up to XForex ™ And Learn How To Increase Your Monthly Income. First there is the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).com/Business_Laptops Today we live in a world in which business and trade are crossing oceans and continents. Weygandt. Now & Get Complete Details. In the United States. Although adopted and used by companies in the United Sates it is not without its own problems. Warfield 7). within this new sphere of activity we now face some major business related issues. it looks toward the Financial Accounting Standards Board and American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) as well. which was established by the government. While GAAP is widely used with in the United States it is certainly not the case beyond its borders. However.com/Distance-MBA Starting a Business? Top Class Business Laptop w/ Intel® Core™ From Dell™.
Many countries are supposed to jump on the bandwagon in the next couple of years. With disparity between the two standards some may wonder why switching over to IFRS or any one single standard will be more advantageous. GAAP reports inventory using the LIFO (Last in first out) method while IFRS again prohibits such reporting. Other places variation may be found are within inventory reporting." With globalization in full effect in makes the most sense to standardize business reporting's. A key statement in financial reporting is the income statement. Differences can also be found in reporting on intangible assets to the way foreign currency maters are handled. " The move to global accounting standards is a key element of the global financial reform agenda and long term benefits of a single set of high-quality accounting standards far outweigh the short-time difficulties of transition.The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) formulated the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). It is advantageous of all companies because they will be presenting financial states that are done on the same basis as their competitors. It will make comparing books and running business transaction a lot easier. The change over has been slow due to the major differences found between GAAP and IFRS. Once the United States finally conforms and the SEC adopts IFRS all companies in the US will have to switch over. Worldwide there are approximately 120 nations following these standards according to the website IFRS. The International Financial Reporting standards website lists a clear advantage of companies worldwide switching over to this standard. There are many key distinctions in all aspects of financial reporting using one standard over the other as stated in a report issued by the company Ernst and Young. The chairman of IASB David Tweedie states. . and this is certainly a place where differences among the standards can be found. which is prepping to become the global standards in financial reporting. There are still some companies voluntarily switching over especially those who have times overseas. The IFRS website claims the SEC has made reports that it will require all publicly traded US companies to switch over to IFRS by the year 2015. Although a seemingly daunting task the end results with be worth the pain. Also GAAP includes extraordinary items on their income statement while doing so in IFRS is prohibited. Once this happens any countries that have yet to do the same with most likely follow suit making IFRS truly an international standard. Some countries like Canada and Korea aim to switch over to IFRS no later than next year. GAAP will report expenses bases on function while IFRS reports expenses by nature.com.
in Make Huge income at Home Sign Up to XForex ™ And Learn How To Increase Your Monthly Income. 1-5MW and higher. www.in Permanent magnet generators from The Switch. Ads by Google . Not until February 2010 did the SEC follow up on their proposed "Roadmap.xforex.e Slow Roll to Global Convergence of IFRS Posted: Nov 15.Join the OLX community www. even with the FAF already incorporating IFRS.olx.html#axzz1dp4H6ZeV) the Financial Accounting Foundation took the initiative to begin planning the incorporation of IFRS even before the SEC has agreed to definitely make the switch.indiagetonline. but with the knowledge of its approach. Currently the SEC is expected to make a final decision by the end of the year. That being said.TheSwitch. it is unlikely that the SEC will choose to switch completely to IFRS by the end of the year. Well over 100 countries have already or are in the process of converging their national accounting standards with IFRS. some companies have already begun the transition to International Financial Reporting Standards. with different drives. That "Roadmap" triggered the slow roll and long process that ironically wasn't heard of again for two years. www. according the Financial Times website.com/cms/s/0/4b2b59dc-0fac-11e1-a36b-00144feabdc0. Part of their claim for doing this was to influence the FASB to immediately incorporate the IFRS standards that would improve the quality and comparability of financial reporting in the US." with a statement that detailed all the issues that need to be further analyzed before 2011. (http://www. a majority of the smaller US companies will continue business as usual until forced to comply with convergence. That two year gap that it took for the SEC to declare that there are a lot of issues and lumps that need to be worked out is a perfect foreshadowing of the whole convergence process and of what's to come. They will extend the convergence period once again and keep the US GAAP as the financial basis for now until they can more clearly identify and implement the key changes that would result of IFRS convergence. when the SEC expected to make a decision whether or not to go forward with the convergence.com Jobs in India Find/post jobs in your area 100% free . The idea of convergence to a single set of high-quality global accounting standards stems back to November 2008 when the Securities Exchange Commission announced a "Roadmap" for a possible transition to the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards. While many of the larger corporations based in the US will begin to voluntarily adopt the changes that IFRS brings.com The globalization of accounting standards is without a doubt going to be a reality eventually. However.ft. 2011 |Comments: 0 | Ads by Google Your Own Business Website Get A Free Business Web Address Plus Website & Listings From Google www. Exactly when these standards will finally be enacted might still be a few years.
Vol 3. for smaller companies. Any lost work time in a downturned economy is a huge blow for these smaller companies. The major factor that every company should take out of the convergence process is that it won't be easy but it will certainly be worth it in the long run. pg 64). In a world shrunk by technology. and getting employees as well as clients to understand the affects and changes that are to come. with the United States not being a part of that group (Fosbre. a switch that will not be easy as well as take a very long time does not sound appealing at all. Nevertheless there is without a doubt a world wide movement towards global convergence of accounting standards and any company that voluntarily begins that process is a step ahead of the competition. The global economy would not look too pretty if each country had a different way of recognizing and reporting their financials. smaller domestic corporations have to add in the biggest cost of teaching. Even if the SEC hasn't officially declared to convergence with IFRS many large multinational companies have implemented plans that stretch five to seven years to accommodate the switch to IFRS. These companies will be a step ahead of the curve in figuring out the smaller implementation issues where as the smaller companies that are waiting will have to deal with changes in a much shorter period of time.One of the biggest changes to account for in the switch to IFRS is the readiness of human capital in the United States. Many large internationally driven companies have taken the plunge and begun training and educating employees and investors on the changes IFRS would bring. US GAAP makes up 35 percent of the world market of accounting standards. On the other hand. making the switch to IFRS much less attractive. explaining. Whereas 55 percent of the world market are either already using IFRS or plan to use IFRS. globalization and international business transactions are becoming evermore popular and demanding. This keeps them ahead of the convergence process and allows them to better communicate and understand the needs of their foreign customers and investors. . the thought of re-training and time lost to education of current employees can have a large sum of money attached to it. Looking at the IFRS and US GAAP from a broader perspective. According to an article found in the Global Journal of Business Research. That is why the International Financial Reporting Standards are undoubtedly going to become the global standard for international accounting. Along with that.
it's not even uncommon to find corporations who singlehandedly span intercontinental territory let alone corporations dealing with other corporations across national borders.com Free Developer Version High End . laws. but without consistency between countries it becomes much more complicated. as well as the implications of a single company recording financial reports which span the globe.sohoos. Profit in Real Time ! www. Consistency is a luxury that many people have not had the privilege of working with in the accounting field. Through harmonization.com With today's fiscal and cultural market becoming more diverse and transcontinental. www. Although the Securities and Exchange Commission. The concept that hopes to ease the aggravation of international dealings is harmonization.NET Charting Component w/ Support For All Chart Types Now! www. standards. thus far there still has not been a concrete change from either IFRS to GAAP or conversely from GAAP to IFRS. the separation of standards.GAAP Transition to IFRS Posted: Nov 16.com Forex Trading India Learn How to Trade in the Forex Market. Industry is constantly looking to expand. There have been no sudden changes thus far intentionally so that the course of action doesn't see to great or complex. global markets hope to compromise and develop synonymous laws. In today's world.Google. has been intently discussing ways to make the transition to a common accounting standard across international lines. or GAAP. Many people within the United States Economy still argue fiercely as to the benefits of convergence across the board. have been a hot topic of conversation for many years now because of the implications of multiple companies completing business deals across the borders between the two accounting standards. One of the first and most vital topics that need alignment across international borders between the United States and the rest of the world is accounting standards.XForex. and cultures is beginning to cause some turbulence. The differences between the United States' Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. and practices. therefore being subject to both GAAP and IFRS. most of the practical solutions for the disconnect ultimately end with the United States converting from GAAP to IFRS. www. Of course because the majority of the world has adopted the International Financial Reporting Standards of accounting. but still over the last couple years there have been subtle changes to try to bridge the gap on many of the more important issues. or the SEC. 2011 |Comments: 0 | Ads by Google Download Google Chrome Searching is fast and easy with Google's web browser. Ads by Google .DotNetCharting. and to what degree will certain United States companies suffer because of the convergence. but may soon get. or IFRS. and the rest of the world's International Financial Reporting Standards.com/Chrome Small Business Management Get your free and friendly business management solution for free.
Of course the conversion now will be a costly one to all involved during the process. which many of them don't have the capital reserves to make the transition without having it affect the business as a whole. No matter which side of the argument you currently preside. where. I think that the adaptation to IFRS in some way or another is inevitable. executives who wish to partake in unethical activities will find a way to do so. The smaller firms within the United States argue that they have no need.A large debate within the United States stems from the size of the company involved. A truly global market should innovate how companies grow and compete as well as how investors are able to obtain information and invest. A full convergence to IFRS for the United States is still undecided and won't be for many years anyway. but as the debates continue the Unites States will continue to absorb certain IFRS rules into GAAP to help align the two systems while keeping costs and complications down. Many of the proponents of IFRS argue that no matter how strict the standards or regulations are. Larger companies see the adoption of IFRS as a positive action moving forward because it will help to harmonize not only business dealings that may take place overseas in the future. some of the opponents in Canada believe that IFRS allows more of an opportunity for corporate management to make unethical decisions discretely. As Canada makes its gradual adaption to IFRS from Canadian GAAP. but the absence of the Unites States makes the idea of a single global market impossible. but a more alarming realization for smaller companies is the cost. Many of the differences of IFRS lay in the ability of management to make individual decisions rather than having them follow stringent rules that specify when. Another growing concern is the quality that the International Financial Reporting Standards offer. making the aforementioned point moot. but it may also help to harmonize its own internal financial clarity if the company spans the globe and falls subject to multiple accounting standards. . If the dream of a truly global economy will ever be realized a universal set of standards will have to exist in order to help with compatibility and an eventual reduction in costs. or benefit from this change and shouldn't be forced to spend the massive amounts of money and time it will take to transition smoothly. but it provides an incredible opportunity to save money in the future. This change will undoubtedly be complex and time consuming. and how everything must be declared and presented.