Impermanence & Bochichitta Death/Impermanence 1. Reflecting on Death/Impermanence a. Death is Certain b. Death can not be avoided c.

Life can not be extended; it is always diminishing d. Even while we are alive there is little time for practice 2. The Time of Death is Uncertain a. Our lifespan is not fixed b. There are many causes of death, and few for sustaining life c. The body is very fragile At the Time of Death, only Dharma can help us a. Our friends can not help us b. Our resources can not help us c. Our body can not help us, it will fail


Bodhichitta (Tib. chang chub kyi sem) The most famous definition of Bodhichitta appears in Maitreya's The Ornament of Clear Realization: d. e. Arousing Bodhichitta is: for the sake of others, longing to attain complete enlightenment. A Jewel Lamp by Khunu Lama i. Verse 21

Bodhichitta in Dzogchen In a Dzogchen context, especially in the Semde teachings, bodhichitta is used to refer to the awakened mind, or rigpa (innate awareness). In Chapter 12 of the Treasury of the Dharmadhatu, Longchenpa explains the literal meaning of bodhichitta in the Dzogchen context (page 364) In the spacious expanse of the ground of being, naturally occurring timeless awareness is "refined," because it is timelessly immaculate, unsullied by samsara. It is "consummate," because enlightened qualities are spontaneously present, beyond cause and effect. It is "mind," because self-knowing awareness is the utterly lucid heart essence. Everything is subsumed and completely pure within awakened mind. This is Longchenpa’s own commentary on the lines: Within the essence of awareness, timelessly immaculate, samsara has never known existence, and therefore awareness is said to be "refined" (chang). Enlightened qualities are spontaneously present within the heart essence itself, which is said to be "consummate" (chub) because it allows for the arising of anything at all. It abides as allpervasive responsiveness- utterly lucid, permeating all samsara and nirvana, and occurring in each individual's selfknowing awareness-and so it is said to be "mind" (sems). In this regard, ordinary mind and mental events, which involve thought patterns, arise in an impure way from the dynamic energy that accounts for the display of awareness, and so they do not constitute awakened mind. Rather, they constitute the ordinary mind of samsara. Thus, there is a substantial discrepancy here, for there is a difference between dynamic energy and what arises as a display due to that energy. 4. Some benefits of Bodhichitta from Shantideva’s Bodhicharyavatara

Family relations are poisoned and vile hated villains save us in times of need. our friends. Not holding some beings close and others distant. Those we cling to. Give up indifferent feelings to strangers and develop an open mind toward all beings. 12 Some benefits of Bodhichitta from Khunu Lama’s Jewel Ship a. c. 2. and friends become enemies. a. have been our parents. 9 c. Equanimity is cultivated in order to give up attachment. The current situations we find our selves in and the beings who surround us to play the various parts in relation to our attachments are simply there due to past action – karma. Transformation i. Give up Passion to friends and loved ones and pleasant experiences. enemies and strangers. page 195 a. 10 d. b. Give up Aggression towards enemies and uncomfortable situations. Special name and meaning i. a.5. Impartiality – equanimity. Four Immeasurable attitudes i. Knowing this begins to foster the true experience of impartial equanimity. Inexhaustible fruits of Bodhichitta i. We owe debts and we are repaid debts. (Saturday from 1:30 – 1:45) Arousing Bodhichitta from WOPT. 3. Our enemies. 6. 4. 1. 6 b. non-duality in the remaining practices. Verses 49 . Impartiality is practiced first to ensure non-referential. Chapter 3. a. 7. . our lovers. as friends and family and beloved pets. verses 7 – 24 b. Defeating non-virtue i. have been our mortal enemies in the past. No distinguishing between friends. 5. Even in this life we have seen enemies become friends. Verses 26 – 34 provide some reflections on Bodhichitta.52 Arousing Bodhichitta from Bodhicharyavatara a. Not holding some beings close and others distant.

i. f. those whom you know nothing about. b. giving them the same benefit of doubt. our best time. compassion and joy to those we cling to as “friend” or “enemy”. Train yourself to think of all beings. How to practice impartiality. showing them the same love. we then wish for them love. joy and have unbound compassion for them. think of how they have been your parents. we are developing impartiality in how we distribute our riches. which in turn fosters the wish for this impartiality to bloom in others minds in order to propel them toward the cessation of suffering. e. our best attention… iii.5. our best possessions. our best help. Impartiality here forms the foundation of practicing the 4 immeasurables. When we endeavor to develop impartiality. nor good. not that they all get nothing. During a meditation session train yourself by thinking of enemies in a neutral manner. Impartiality isn’t ignorance or indifference. d. We don’t want to ration different doses of love. We strive to give all beings equally. friends enemies and strangers as your parents. We want to develop this impartiality in ourselves. Think of all the beings to whom you are neutral. ensuring that the three poisons don’t taint the remaining attitudes. This is why once we develop the impartial attitude that all beings are as precious as our parents or our children. offering them the same material goods as you would your current parents. . They do neither harm. ii. Meditate again and again until you feel the same love that you feel for the parents who gave you this current karmic body. c. a.

Friday 7-9pm Introduction Bodhichitta talk .Schedule Saturday 10 .11 Tsa-lung 11-12 Dzogchen meditation Lunch 1:30 – 2 Mantra Accumulations Black Hayagriva OM VAJRA KROTA HAYAGRIVA HUM PHAT Vajrakilaya OM VAJRA KILA KILAYA SARVA VIGHNAN VAM HUM PHAT 1 .11am Tsa-lung 11-12:30 Dzogchen meditation Lunch 2-2:15 Bodhichitta meditation 2:15-2:30 Impermanence meditation 2:30-2:45 Dzogchen meditation 3-4 Tsok Sunday 10 .2 Aspiration prayers .1:30 Long Life Supplications for Rinpoche 1:30 .

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