You are on page 1of 4

Structures 2008: Crossing Borders

2008 ASCE

Structures 2008: Crossing Borders

2008 ASCE

1
OwnerSpecs &Standards

3
ExplosionHazard Identification

2
BuildingRequirements: Criticality,Occupancy, Layout,Siting,etc. Owner Owner

Standard Practice

Site Study

New

Existing

4
FreeField BlastParameters

5
BuildingPerformance Requirements

7

6
SelectMaterials& StructuralSystem Material Properties

11
Analysis Method Preliminary MemberSizes

10

9
Deformation Limits

Equivalent SDOF Static

MDOF

12
DesignEngineer DesignEngineer Structural Analysis No Is DeformationLimit Satisfied?

13
Foundation Design

Yes

14 15
Ancillary Design

Details& Documentation

FIGURE1BLASTRESISTANTDESIGNPROCESS Several advanced analysis topics are given greater discussion in the updated report due to their increased usage in petrochemical plant design. These topics include Computational Fluid Dynamicstocomputeblastwaveeffectsincomplexenvironments,andNonlinearFiniteElement

2008 ASCE

Structures 2008: Crossing Borders

2008 ASCE

NumericalIntegration(ref:Chapter6,Appendix) AnalysisCaseDescription: Chapter11,Section11.8,roofbeam,caseA DynamicLoadingDescription: if(time<=0.006,105.8*time/0.006,max(105.8105.8*(time0.006)/0.05,0)) timeincrement= mass= stiffness= damping= positiveresistance= reboundresistance= staticload= time (s) 0.000 0.003 0.006 0.009 0.012 0.015 0.018 0.021 0.024 0.027 0.030 0.033 0.036 0.039 0.042 Dyn.Load (kips) 0.00 52.90 105.80 99.45 93.10 86.76 80.41 74.06 67.71 61.36 55.02 48.67 42.32 35.97 29.62 0.003s 0.028ks2/in 54.1k/in 0ks/in 97.5kips 97.5kips 14.9kips y (in) 0.275 0.278 0.298 0.348 0.429 0.537 0.668 0.818 0.982 1.156 1.335 1.512 1.684 1.845 1.991 v (in/s) 0.00 2.83 11.25 21.97 31.63 40.07 47.13 52.69 56.67 58.98 59.59 58.49 55.70 51.27 45.93 a (in/s2) 0 1,884 3,735 3,412 3,029 2,594 2,114 1,597 1,052 490 82 651 1,210 1,665 1,892 KEY=0iselastic KEY=+1ispositiveplastic KEY=1isreboundplastic Z=1isincreasingplasticdeformation Z=2isendofreboundplasticdeformation Z=3isendofpositiveplasticdeformation Z=4iscontinuedelastic Z=5isstartofreboundplasticdeformation Z=6isstartofpositiveplasticdeformation

ye+ (in) 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802

ye (in) 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802 1.802

KEY 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1

effK (k/in) 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,721 18,667 18,667

incrF (kips) 53 369 938 1,511 2,020 2,455 2,810 3,079 3,255 3,338 3,324 3,215 3,011 2,725 2,407

incry (in) 0.003 0.020 0.050 0.081 0.108 0.131 0.150 0.164 0.174 0.178 0.178 0.172 0.161 0.146 0.129

incrv (in/s) 2.83 8.43 10.72 9.66 8.43 7.06 5.57 3.97 2.31 0.61 1.10 2.79 4.44 5.34 6.02

resistance (kips) 14.90 15.05 16.12 18.83 23.20 29.03 36.13 44.25 53.15 62.55 72.20 81.81 91.10 97.50 97.50

Ud 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.19 0.24 0.30 0.37 0.45 0.55 0.64 0.74 0.84 0.93 1.02 1.10

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 1

FIGURE2NUMERICALINTEGRATIONEXAMPLE Thetwoyearsofparticipationinthedevelopmentoftheupdatedreporthasbeenrewarding in that the effort provided valuable insight into the various member's backgrounds, representation,expertise,andexperience.Anumberoftopicswererepeatedlydebatedastothe most informative means of presenting new information, and the most unbiased means of describing new technologies, methods of analysis, and products. As are result, the committee envisions that the updated version of the report will continue to be a valuable resource for structuralengineersinthepetrochemicalandindustrialdesigncommunities.