2 020 E SSENTIALS

   
V OCABULARY D RILL A

Directions: Select the CHOICE (on the left) that best fits a SENTENCE (on the right). Note: each CHOICE can only be used once.    
CHOICES SENTENCES

A. abandon B. aberration C. acrimony D. acumen E. aegis   A. adage B. adherent C. advent D. adversary E. adversity   A. affinity B. affliction C. affluence D. alacrity E. allusion   A. amalgam B. anathema C. aplomb D. approbation E. artifice   A. abase B. abate C. abet D. appropriate E. arbitrate
 

1) Under  the  _____  of  the  United  States,  the  small  island  nation  felt  impervious  to  any  military  threat.   2) The  hostile  finger-­‐pointing  and  _____  between  the  two  led  to  their  estranged  marriage.   3) With  reckless  _____  ,  the  drunk  driver  attacked  the  police  officers  who  pulled  him  over.   4) Although  anomalies  often  arise  in  experiments,  this  particular  _____  was  highly  unexpected.   5) Known  more  for  his  business  _____  than  for  his  social  skills,  the  CEO  went  to  board  meetings,  not  parties.  

6) As  a  devout  _____  of  the  latest  tech,  he  eagerly  awaited  any  new  gizmo  that  came  on  the  market.   7) As  a  devout  _____  of  the  latest  tech,  she  earnestly  ignored  any  new  gizmo  that  came  on  the  market.     8) With  the  _____  of  the  Internet  emerged  a  new  medium  for  the  dissemination  of  nonsense.   9) Though  the  team  faced  many  an  _____  ,  the  players  knew  the  hardships  would  make  them  stronger.   10) The  old  _____  “don’t  count  your  eggs  before  they  are  hatched”  often  rings  true  for  the  foolhardy.        

11) He  had  a  great  _____  for  baseball:  he  never  missed  a  single  game  in  which  his  favorite  teams  played.   12) When  the  protestors  called  the  government  “Big  Brother”,  they  were  making  an  _____  to  a  character  in  

Orwell’s  Nineteen  Eighty-­Four.    
13) After  the  German  company  Bayer  introduced  aspirin  to  the  world,  many  people  hailed  the  analgesic  as  

the  panacea  for  many  an  ______  .  
14) For  a  nation  that  has  accumulated  such  great  _____  ,  it  has  a  great  many  on  the  verge  of  poverty.   15) Surprisingly,  the  runner  moved  with  great  _____  after  finishing  the  marathon  race.        

16) Military  strategists  often  rely  on  _____  ,  not  honesty,  to  win  campaigns.   17) Even  after  graduating  from  a  top  law  school,  he  was  still  seeking  the  _____  of  his  parents.     18) Preserving  the  old  as  well  as  celebrating  the  new,  the  building  is  an  _____  of  traditional  and  modern  

architectural  styles.  
19) Although  taking  the  test  was  very  stressful  for  many  students,  he  passed  it  with  _____  .   20) Because  she  is  an  advocate  for  free  speech,  any  form  of  censorship  is  _____  to  her.        

21) The  advertisers  _____d  his  image  for  an  ad  campaign  even  after  he  refused  permission  to  do  such.   22) The  lowly  peasant  got  down  on  his  knees  and  _____d  himself  in  front  of  the  emperor.     23) The  workers  waited  for  the  snowstorm  to  _____  before  they  started  to  plow  the  parking  lot.   24) Because  negotiations  reached  an  impasse,  a  third  party  was  brought  in  to  _____  a  settlement.   25) Though  he  did  not  commit  the  crime,  he  was  indicted  for  aiding  and  _____ing.        
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CHOICES

SENTENCES

A. abject B. abstemious C. abstruse D. altruistic E. anachronistic
 

26) Once  a  time-­‐honored  activity,  letter  writing  has  become  _____  in  an  age  of  email,  texting  and  Twitter.   27) Documentary  footage  of  the  appalling  conditions  and  _____  poverty  of  the  country  spurred  millions  to  

make  charitable  donations.    
28) Despite  their  claims  that  their  motives  were  _____  ,  their  actions  proved  that  their  intentions  were  

indeed  mercenary.  
29) Contrary  to  his  reckless,  self-­‐indulgent  youth,  the  man’s  latter  years  were  spent  working  on  scrupulous  

endeavors  and  following  an  _____  lifestyle.  
30) Since  her  mind  was  so  addled  by  sleep  deprivation,  her  speaking  became  too  _____  to  follow.        

A. academic B. acute C. adamant D. adverse E. aesthetic
 

31) Since  the  cases  argued  in  moot  court  are  simulated,  any  rendered  judgments  are  purely  _____  .   32) Though  his  parents  were  _____  that  he  not  attend  the  party,  the  heedless  child  subdued  the  home  

sentries,  evaded  the  guard  dogs,  scaled  the  barbed  wire  fence,  and  made  it  to  the  party.  
33) The  Green  Goblin  was  able  to  capture  Spider-­‐Man  after  the  former  used  a  “pumpkin  grenade”  to  

render  the  latter’s  _____  “spidey”  sense  useless.    
34) The  great  _____  pleasures  of  the  arboretum  attracted  not  only  arboriculturists  but  also  those  who  

appreciate  nature’s  beauty.  
35) The  _____  weather  conditions  prevented  the  football  game  from  continuing.  

A. affable B. affected C. aloof D. ambiguous E. ambivalent
 

36) Because  she  had  made  friends  everywhere,  the  _____  socialite  was  a  favorite  guest  of  every  social  

gathering  in  the  city.  
37) Some  loved  the  movie;  some  hated  the  movie;  few  were  _____  about  the  movie.     38) Because  he  was  well  known  for  his  stagy  gestures,  we  could  not  trust  that  his  behavior  was  anything  

more  than  ______  and  contrived.  
39) Without  a  moral  compass  to  guide  them,  the  students  were  morally  _____  about  cheating  on  the  test.   40) Because  she  had  made  enemies  everywhere,  the  _____  socialite  rarely  spoke  to  anyone  at  any  social  

gathering  in  the  city.        

A. admonish B. allude C. allure D. ameliorate E. amenable
 

41) Intended  to  _____  poor  education  standards,  the  law  inadvertently  worsened  the  state  of  education  

around  the  country.  
42) Instead  of  severely  reprimanding  the  child,  her  parents  chose  to  mildly  _____  her  for  the  wrongdoing.   43) Not  wanting  to  directly  accuse  the  students  of  cheating,  the  professor  merely  _____d  to  their  act  of  

indiscretion.  
44) The  citizens  wanted  officials  who  could  not  be  bribed:  officials  for  whom  money  holds  no  _____  .   45) Having  baby-­‐sat  scores  of  obstreperous  brats,  the  baby-­‐sitter  refused  to  attend  to  any  child  not  _____  .        

A. aggravate B. aggregate C. arbitrary D. arcane E. arduous
 

46) Hoping  to  avoid  _____ing  the  situation,  the  speaker  tried  to  allay  the  fears  of  the  anxious  crowd.   47) Initially,  the  ancient  writings  appeared  _____  to  the  scholar,  but  eventually  they  became  decipherable.     48) The  strong  sense  of  community  compels  the  animals  to  _____  in  herds.   49) Though  the  journey  was  long  and  _____,  the  pilgrims  persisted  in  reaching  their  destination.   50) We  hope  that  the  new  reforms  in  police  procedure  will  make  the  _____  use  of  force  impossible  and  

prevent  any  further  unjustifiable  shootings.        
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CHOICES SENTENCES

A. artless B. ascetic C. assiduous D. astute E. atypical   A. auspicious B. austere C. autocratic D. autonomous E. avuncular   A. aspersions B. asylum C. audacity D. avarice E. aversion   A. articulate B. assail C. assuage D. atrophy E. augment   A. begrudge B. beguile C. belabor D. belie E. belittle  
COPYRIGHT © 2012 SEED  

51) Unlike  his  calculating,  evil  sister,  the  boy  is  an  _____  ,  virtuous  soul.   52) Avoiding  all  creature  comforts,  the  monk  led  an  _____  approach  to  life.   53) Though  the  results  were  rather  _____  ,  we  treated  them  as  if  they  were  unremarkable.     54) Because  an  _____  understanding  of  the  new  procedures  is  needed,  we  decided  to  speak  to  some  experts,  

hoping  they  would  provide  us  with  some  keen  insights.  
55) She  was  _____  in  her  studies  and  thus  was  often  praised  by  her  teachers  who  admired  persistence  and  

diligence.  

56) The  king’s  decrees  became  as  _____  as  he  became  tyrannical.   57) Wool  sweaters,  sound  advice,  kind  words—all  contributed  to  his  _____  image.     58) According  to  Immanuel  Kant,  one  becomes  _____  when  one  follows  one’s  moral  duty  rather  than  one’s  

desires.  
59) Since  they  preferred  stark  simplicity,  we  expected  their  furnishings  to  be  sparse  and  their  home,  _____  .   60) Even  though  it  was  not  an  _____  occasion  for  an  open  air  event,  we  decided  to  go  ahead  with  holding  the  

ceremony  outdoors.  

61) Fleeing  the  oppression  of  their  homeland,  the  refugees  sought  political  _____  in  this  country.   62) The  student’s  _____  to  manual  labor  motivated  him  to  concentrate  on  his  studies.     63) The  impudent  child  had  the  _____  to  demand  his  parents  buy  him  an  expensive  sports  car.     64) Their  _____  led  to  their  moral  downfall  because  greed  often  blinds  us  from  doing  the  right  thing.   65) Though  the  candidates  pledged  to  run  clean  campaigns,  they  resorted  to  casting  _____  instead  of  

debating  the  issues.    

66) Unless  one  reads  regularly,  one’s  reading  skills  will  _____  ,  causing  an  overall  lapse  in  critical  thinking.   67) Though  we  were  _____ed  by  doubts  about  the  plan,  we  decided  to  go  ahead  with  implementing  it.     68) During  an  economic  slump,  many  have  had  to  _____  their  income  by  taking  second  jobs.   69) Because  he  could  not  _____  his  feelings  verbally,  he  chose  to  express  them  through  his  artwork.   70) Since  the  sumptuous  dishes  were  more  than  enough  to  _____  our  pangs  of  hunger,  we  declined  offers  

for  dessert.  

71) In  order  to  retain  his  sense  of  superiority,  the  S EED  teacher  constantly  _____s  his  students.   72) A  college  facing  a  decline  in  applicants  may  resort  to  clever  and  elaborate  gimmicks  designed  to  _____  

teenagers  to  apply  to  it.    
73) Though  the  critic  harped  on  about  the  film’s  inadequacies,  audiences  believed  he  _____ed  the  negative  

to  promote  his  own  agenda.  
74) As  the  economy  worsened,  the  employees  began  to  _____  their  bosses  their  wealth  and  started  to  

demand  higher  wages.  
75) Her  rosy  disposition  and  engaging  smile  _____d  her  inner  angst.        
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CHOICES

SENTENCES

A. baleful B. banal C. base D. belligerent E. benign
 

76) The  _____  glance  the  doctor  shot  at  me  presaged  some  bad  news  about  my  diagnosis.   77) The  play  offered  nothing  beyond  the  vapid:  stock  characterizations  and  _____  dialogue.   78) His  bellicose  mood    prompted  him  to  engage  in  _____  activities.   79) Though  we  hoped  his  motives  were  nothing  so  _____  as  money,  evidence  proved  that  his  intentions  

were  mercenary.  
80) Her  _____  face  belied  her  bellicose  mood.        

A. blandish B. brandish C. blather D. bowdlerize E. buttress
 

81) The  inebriated  man  _____d  on  about  things  no  one  cared  about  or  understood.   82) Though  the  editor  _____d  the  text  to  protect  the  sensibilities  of  readers,  the  sanitized  version  resembled  

nothing  of  the  original.  
83) The  students  _____d  their  teacher  with  imprudences  to  get  him  to  forget  about  the  quiz.   84) Some  see  education  as  a  means  of  social  advancement;  others  see  it  as  a  _____  against  social  collapse.   85) The  students  _____d  their  weapons  in  front  of  their  teacher  to  get  him  to  forget  about  the  quiz.  

A. bastion B. bellwether C. beneficiary D. bifurcation E. blight
 

86) Rapacious  speculation  and  economic  decline  have  led  to  the  rundown,  dilapidated  condition  of  the  

western  part  of  the  city  and  some  of  the  worst  urban  _____  in  memory.     presaged  years  earlier.    

87) The  current  ____  of  the  political  party  into  moderates  and  conservatives  was  an  inevitable  division   88) Although  the  private  country  club  remained  exclusive,  it  did  not  view  itself—as  so  many  have  accused  

it  of  being—as  a  _____  of  racial  and  ethnic  bigotry.  
89) College  campuses  are  often  the  _____  of  change  because  so  many  new  trends  emerge  from  them.   90) As  a  _____  of  the  great  estate,  she  hoped  to  never  again  worry  about  her  finances.        

A. blatant B. bleak C. blithe D. blunt E. boisterous
 

91) Though  we  suspected  that  the  candidate’s  claims  were  _____  lies,  we  needed  more  than  anecdotal  

evidence  to  prove  they  were.  

92) There  was  nothing  malicious  about  her  infractions;  she  just  had  a  _____  disregard  for  rules.   93) Fans  of  the  losing  team  were  vociferous  in  their  displeasure,  while  fans  of  the  winning  team  were  _____  

in  their  celebration.  
94) Knowing  that  his  school  will  bear  the  brunt  of  the  spending  cuts,  the  principal  decided  it  best  not  to  

hide  anything  and  be  _____  about  when  the  school  will  most  likely  close  down.  
95) Though  most  of  the  teachers  felt  their  future  was  _____  ,  some  held  out  hope  for  new  sources  of  funding.        

A. bombastic B. boorish C. broach D. bungle E. callous
 

96) We  deemed  it  unwise  to  _____  so  serious  a  subject  while  having  a  pleasant  dinner  conversation.   97) We  considered  the  blowhard’s  _____  speech  nothing  more  than  pompous  words  and  cacophonous  

sounds.    
98) His  _____  comments  about  the  calamity  that  befell  the  poverty-­‐stricken  country  indicated  his  

insensitivity  and  heartless  disregard  for  others.  
99) The  amateur  thief  _____d  the  robbery  attempt  and  was  easily  apprehended  by  the  authorities.   100) His  _____  comments  about  the  calamity  that  befell  the  poverty-­‐stricken  country  indicated  his  lack  of  

refinement  and  discretion.  
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